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DEPARTMENT OF MECHATRONICS ENGINEERING

FLOOD MONITORING AND ALERT SYSTEM


USING IOT AND ZIGBEE

Batch No : 10
Batch Members : Arun kumar.E
Abdul Rahman.M
Pravin Pon Sam.N.G
Gowrishankar.G

Guide : Prof. E.Mahesh


Co-Guide : Prof.G.Suryaraj
INDEX
S.NO CONTENT

1 ABSTRACT

2 OBJECTIVE

3 PROJECT DESCRIPTION

4 FABRICATION PROCESS

5 FABRICATED MODEL

6 IMPLEMENTATION DIAGRAM

7 ANALYSIS

8 JOURNAL PUBLICATION

9 ADVANTAGES

10 APPLICATIONS

11 COST ESTIMATION

12 CONCLUSION
ABSTRACT

• The flood is nothing but the sudden increase in the flow of water
in rivers due to reasons such as heavy rainfall.
• There are many flood alert systems which already exists.
• But in this project we developed a more effective system which
we call Flood Monitoring and Alert system (FMAS) using IOT
and Zigbee.
• The FMAS will work in Two stages.
• In the first stage, the wireless monitoring system with the help of
various sensors monitors the water flow and water level in river
and dam continuously and uploads the data in the server.
• The data gets saved in the server persistently.
• If it detects any abrupt changes, the alert will be sent to the
concerned authorities so that they can take necessary precaution
steps.
• In the second stage, the flood alert system installed in the flood
prone areas will be activated automatically during the flood.
• Thus many lives can be saved.
OBJECTIVES

• To measure the flow rate of water in the river.


• To measure water level in the river.
• To measure Temperature and Humidity.
• To upload the data to the server persistently.
• To aware the people if there is sudden rise in water level and
flow rate.
PROJECT DESCRIPTION

Raspberry Pi 3 :

• The Raspberry Pi is a series of small single-board computers.


• It was released in February 2016 with a 1.2 GHz 64-bit quad
core processor, on-board Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and USB boot
capabilities.
• The Raspberry Pi 3, with a quad-core ARM Cortex-
A53 processor, and has 1 GB of RAM
Temperature and Humidity sensor :

• This DHT11 Temperature and Humidity Sensor features calibrated


digital signal output with the temperature and humidity sensor
complex.
• Its technology ensures high reliability and excellent long-term
stability.
• A high-performance 8-bit microcontroller is connected. It has
advantages of excellent quality, fast response, anti-interference
ability and high cost performance
Ultrasonic sensor :

• Ultrasonic sensors work by emitting sound waves at a frequency too


high for humans to hear. They then wait for the sound to be reflected
back, calculating distance based on the time required.
• This is similar to how radar measures the time it takes a radio wave
to return after hitting an object.
• Its measuring range is between 2cm to 400 cm and requires 5v DC
power supply.
Water flow sensor :

• Flow sensors are devices which are used to measure a flow rate of
Fluid. These sensors are generally part of a flow meter that would
help to measure the flow rate.
• The water flow sensor consists of a plastic valve body, a water rotor
and a hall-effect sensor. When the water flows through the rotor,
rotor rolls and the speed of it changes with a different rate of flow.
The hall-effect sensor outputs the corresponding pulse signal.
• It has 20mm diameter, <1.75Mpa water pressure and ~30 L/m flow
rate range.
Water level sensor :

• Level sensors are used to detect the level of substances that can
flow. Such substances include liquids, slurries, granular material and
powders.
• Level measurements can be done inside containers or it can be the
level of a river or lake.
• Such measurements can be used to determine the amount of
materials within a closed container or the flow of water in open
channels.
Zigbee module :

• Zigbee is an open global standard for wireless technology designed


to use low-power digital radio signals for personal area networks.
• It operates on the IEEE 802.15.4 specification and is used to create
networks that require a low data transfer rate, energy efficiency and
secure networking.
• It is a standards-based wireless technology developed to enable low-
cost, low-power wireless machine-to-machine (M2M) and internet
of things (IoT) networks.
FABRICATION PROCESS

• The circuit has been checked for simulation using proteus


design software.
• Connections are made as per the circuit diagram.
• The sensors are connected to the microcontroller.
• Program for each sensors is developed.
• The program is then fed into the microcontroller.
• Create the Server connectivity through the IP address.
• Connect the Wi-Fi module with the server.
• Made the server and zigbee to be interconnected.
• Set the alert function in zigbee.
• The respective sensors are responsible for the input system.
FABRICATED MODEL
IMPLEMENTATION DIAGRAM

Server

Zigbee

Microcontroller

Sensor system
ANALYSIS
JOURNAL PUBLICATION
ADVANTAGES

• It is more effective than other flood alerting systems.


• As Authorities will preplan the evacuation process, do there
will be no stressful situations
• Many lives can be saved.
• Damages to properties can be avoided.
• This system will be cost efficient than others.
APPLICATIONS

• It can be used in flood prone areas nearby dams as well as


mountains.
• It can be used to measure the rising water level in rivers.
• It can be installed in smart cities.
COST ESTIMATION

COMPONENTS COST
Arduino(2) 1078
Zigbee 1275
Temperature & Humidity sensor 165
Ultrasonic sensor 199
Water flow sensor 345
Water level sensor 120
Float switch sensor 280
Battery 1900
Wi-Fi module 309
Others 1500
Total 7171
CONCLUSION
• The system provides a real world application of internet of
things and offer services like accurate level monitoring .
• Sensors are important elements in the Flood monitoring
System. Further studies on wireless sensor technology will be
best to replace the current sensors.
• Precise and accurate detection of water level will improve the
data collection system for the monitoring station.
• The flood alert information’s can be displayed on LED display
boards for road users and for safety reasons could be placed at
strategic locations.
• Such information’s should be in real time and transmitted
wirelessly from the measured location.
• A possible means of power supply for the sensors and
centralized control unit.
THANK YOU