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QP/ 15EI14604

MAHENDRA ENGINEERING COLLEGE


(AUTONOMOUS)
Continuous Assessment Test - III – March – 2019
Regulations –2015
Academic Year 2019 – 2020, Even Semester
Programme :B.E Year : III Semester: VI
Subject Code: 15EI14604 Subject Title :Neural Network and Fuzzy logic control
Date:08.03.2019 Time:11.15 am to 12.45 pm Maximum Marks: 50

PART – A (1x6=6) (Multiple choice one mark questions)


Questions are to be asked from both the units
Fuzzy logic controller has limited number of rules which ________________
exponentially with the number of inputs.
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a) Remains Same b) Increases
c) Decrease d) Unaltered
The adaptive control method enables a neural network to learn to control a plant
in an autonomous way without specifying a ___________stage.
2 CO4 K2
a) Learning b)Training
c)Algorithm d) All of these
In television the __________ controls the contrast, brightness, velocity modulation
and sharpness.
3 CO4 K3
a)Neural network b) Genetic algorithm
c) fuzzy system d) All of these
T he acronym of SVM
4 CO5 K3 a) Support Vector Machine b) Supply vector machine
c) Supervised Machine d) Successive vector Machine
SVM is a _____________ method for classification and regression relatively new class
of successful learning methods and they can represent non-linear functions and
5 CO5 K3 they have an efficient training algorithm.
a. supervised Learning b. Unsupervised Learning
c. Both a and b d. None of these
The acronym of PSO
6 CO5 K2 a. Particle Supervised Optimization b. Pot supervised optimization
c. Particle Swarm optimization d. Pot Swarm optimization
PART – B (10x2=20)( Two mark questions)
(Unit-IV) (5 Questions)
What is a normal fuzzy set?
7 CO4 K1 A normal fuzzy set is one whose membership function has atleast one Unit-IV
element x in the universe whose membership value is unity.
Define a convex fuzzy set.
8 CO4 K5 A convex fuzzy set is described by the membership function whose Unit-IV
membership values are monotonically increasing, or decreasing.
Define Mutation.
9 CO4 K2 Mutation is the process in which strings are able to mix and match their Unit-IV
desirable qualities in a random fashion.
What is the purpose of Knowledge base module?
10 CO4 It contains knowledge about the input and output fuzzy partitions. It will Unit-IV
K1
include the term set and the corresponding membership functions
defining the input variables to fuzzy rule based systems.
11 CO4 List the defuzzification methods Unit-IV
K1
_ Max – membership principle

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_ Centroid methods
_ Weighted average methods
_ Mean-max membership
_ Center of sums
_ Center of largest area
_ First(or last ) of maxima
(Unit-V) (5 Questions)
What are the methods involved in Genetic Algorithm?
1. Simulated annealing
12 CO5 K2 2. Ant colony optimization Unit-V
3. Random cost strategy
4. Cellular automata
What is the Ant colony optimization?
13 The foraging of ants has led to novel algorithm called Ant colony Unit-V
CO5 K1
Optimization for rerouting network traffic in busy telecommunication
systems.
Mention the three important aspects of Genetic Algorithm?
1. Definition of objective function
14 CO5 K2 2. Definition and implementation of genetic representation. Unit-V
3. Definition and implementation of genetic operators.
4. Evolution
What are the types of searching techniques in Genetic Algorithm?
15 1. Calculus based Unit-V
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2. Guided random
3. Enumerative
Define degree of consensus.
The individual preference of those in the decision group are collected to
16 CO5 K4 Unit-V
form a group metric whose properties are used to produce a scalar
measure of “degree of consensus”.
PART – C(2x12=24) (12 Marks questions)
(Unit-IV)
Explain the neuro-fuzzy controller with example.
Neuro Fuzzy controller: A
hybrid system that combines a neural network and a rule-based expert system is called
a neural expert system (or a connection is the expert system).
• In neural networks, one cannot select a single synaptic weight as a discrete
piece of knowledge.
• Here knowledge is embedded in the entire network; it cannot be broken
into individual pieces, and any change of a synaptic
weight may lead to unpredictable results.
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• The heart of a neural expert system is the inference engine.
• Neuro–fuzzy systems combine the semantic transparency of rule-based
fuzzy systems with the learning capability of neural networks.
• A neuro-fuzzy system is a neural network which is functionally equivalent to
a fuzzy inference model.
• It can be trained to develop IF-THEN fuzzy rules and determine membership
functions for input and output variables of the system.
(12)

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• It controls the information flow in the system and initiates inference over
the neural knowledge base. A neural inference engine also ensures
approximate reasoning.
• Neural expert systems use a trained neural network in place of the
knowledge base.
• The input data does not have to precisely match the data which is used in
network training. This ability is called approximate reasoning.
• Expert knowledge can be incorporated into the structure of the neuro-fuzzy
system.

(Unit-V)
18 Explain the gentic algorithm with example
Genetic algorithm and its applications:
 A class of probabilistic optimization algorithms which is inspired by the
biological evolution process.
 Particularly well suited for hard problems where little is known about the
underlying search space.
 Widely-used in business, science and engineering.
 A genetic algorithm maintains a population of candidate solutions for the
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problem at hand, and makes it evolve by iteratively applying a set of
stochastic operators.
 Selection replicates the most successful solutions found in a population at a
rate proportional to their relative quality.
 Recombination (Crossover) decomposes two distinct solutions and then
randomly mixes their parts to form novel solutions.
 Mutation randomly perturbs a candidate solution.
 GA Cycle: (12)

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• Crossover

• Mutation

Course Outcome (CO):

S.No. Question numbers Course Outcome Marks

1 1,2,3,7,8,9,10,11,17 CO4 25

2 4,5,6.12,13,14,15,18 CO5 25

Bloom’s Taxonomy Level


K1- Remember, K2- Understand, K3- Apply, K4- Analyze, K5- Evaluate and K6- Create
Bloom’s
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6
Taxonomy level
Percentage of
18% 16% 8% 4% 28% 24%
Questions

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