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# L-35

## MAHENDRA ENGINEERING COLLEGE

MAHENDHIRAPURI, MALLASAMUDRAM - 637503
Dept.EIE VI/III

Lecture Handouts
Subject Name : NEURAL NETWORK AND FUZZY LOGIC CONTROL

## Topic of Lecture: DECISION MAK SYSTEMS

Introduction :
 The use of computer studies and artificial intelligence methods in
construction is already well known and has been getting more and more
common.
 One could enumerate management information systems, decision support
systems, expert systems as well as systems based on artificial neural
networks and genetic algorithms.
Prerequisite knowledge for Complete learning of Topic:
Basic Concepts Related to fuzzy logic
Detailed content of the Lecture:
 Fuzzy logic extends Boolean logic to handle the expression of vague
concepts.
 To express imprecision quantitatively, a set membership function maps
elements to real values between zero and one (inclusive).
 The value indicates the “degree” to which an element belongs to a set.
Decision Making Logic
 Based on the fuzzified inputs and rule base, fuzzy output is determined by
applying the rules of Boolean Algebra (Union and Intersection).
 Applications
 ABS Brakes & Expert Systems.
 ABS ensures optimal vehicle control and minimal stopping distances
during hard or emergency braking irrespective of road and weather
conditions.
 Experts predict that 35% to 50% of all cars built worldwide in five years
will have ABS as standard equipment.
 Electronic control units (ECUs), wheel speed sensors, and brake
modulators are major components of an ABS module.
 Wheel speed sensors transmit pulses to the ECU with a frequency
proportional to wheel speed.
 Control Units & Video Cameras , Automatic Transmissions.
 Uses Fuzzy Rules like "If the rear wheels are turning slowly and a short
time ago the vehicle speed was high, then reduce rear brake pressure".
Fuzzy Washing Machine
 The length of wash time is based on the amount of clothes you wish to
wash and the type and degree of dirt you have.
 To automate this process, we use sensors to detect these parameters and
the wash time is then determined from this data.
 There is no easy way to formulate a precise mathematical relationship
between volume of clothes and dirt and the length of wash time required.
 There are two inputs:
 one for the degree of dirt on the clothes and
 one for the type of dirt on the clothes.
 These two inputs can be obtained from a single optical sensor.

##  The degree of dirt is determined by the transparency of the wash water.

The dirtier the clothes, the lower the transparency for a fixed amount of
water.
 The type of dirt is determined from the saturation time, the time it takes to
reach saturation.
 The fuzzy controller output is the length of the wash time.
Video Content / Details of website for further learning (if any):