WKCE Test Practice 1

GRADE 10

Language Arts

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WKCE Test Practice 1
Directions: Read each passage. Choose the best way to write each numbered section and mark the letter for your answer. If the section needs no change, mark the choice “Best as is.” Traditional Artists The growth of radio, television, newspapers
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A newspapers, and B newspapers; and C newspapers also D Best as is

and other media have drawn many artists and performers to the attention of the public. For every famous and generously paid rock star or actor, however, there are thousands of other
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A can be drawing B had drew C has drawn D Best as is

highly talented artists which remain relatively unknown. Perhaps no area of artistic endeavor
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A artists, which B artists who C artists that D Best as is

receives as little recognition as folk art. This lack of widespread appreciation for the indigenous 4 arts is particularly sad in a country like the
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A as less B less C as least D Best as is

United States, with it’s rich tapestry of cultures.
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With your recognition of America’s folk art, the national Endowment for the Arts (NEA) awards $5,000 grants to exceptional artists who
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A with its B with our C with their D Best as is

have chose to use traditional art forms. Those honored by the program include a Hispanic carver of saints, a Cajun fiddler, a quilter from Missouri, an Appalachian ballad singer, a group of African American gospel singers, an Ojibwa storyteller, and a Pueblo potter. 7 6

A In formal recognition of America’s folk art, B With the process of formally recognizing the folk art of America, C Recognizing the formal types of art that should be recognized in our country, D Best as is A choose B had chose C will be choosing D Best as is

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Traditional Artists continued
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A help and been B help, and be C help being

One cannot help and be struck by the magnificent diversity of the art forms, a
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D Best as is 9 A a phenomenon that reflects B a reflecting phenomena with C a reflection that is phenonmenal without D Best as is 10 A that can be best understood B that was known C with people who are knowing D Best as is

phenomenon that reflect the diversity of the American heritage. In the year 2000, one of the recipients of a National Heritage Fellowship from the NEA was pioneering dancer Frankie Manning. The dazzling Lindy Hop was just one of dozens of dances included in a style that would be labeled swing dancing. At age 3, Manning moved from his native Florida to
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11 Which of the following sequences of sentences will make paragraph 3 most logical? A 1,3,4,2 B 3,1,2,4 C 2,4,3,1 D Best as is 12 A motion of the dancers comes to a halt suddenly and they become still, B stoppage of the movement is done suddenly, C dancers suddenly stop moving, D Best as is

Harlem, a New York City neighborhood that knows as a vibrant center for African American artists. As the choreographer for a dance team at Harlem’s famed Savoy Ballroom in the 1930s, Manning helped popularize the dance craze called the Lindy Hop. Manning developed many innovations for swing dancing, including “freeze” steps, in
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which the dancers are going to stop all of a sudden, and the “aerial,” a maneuver in which two dance partners lock arms and one dancer is flipped in a midair somersault over the back

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WKCE Test Practice 1
Traditional Artists continued of the other dancer.
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13 At this point, the writer is considering adding the following sentence:
The Lindy Hop was named after Charles Lindbergh, who made the first solo, nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927, and who helped invent the artificial heart in 1936.

Many of these

decades-old dance moves are still used today.
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In the midst of his career, Manning has appeared with many popular entertainers, including Louis Armstrong, Tony Bennett, Benny Goodman, and Ella Fitzgerald. Manning won a Tony Award for choreographing the show “Black and Blue.”

Would this be a relevant addition at this point in the essay? A Yes, because Lindbergh was also a great innovator. B Yes, because it lets the reader know other details that enhance the essay. C No, because few Americans in the 1930s were interested in Lindbergh. D No, because the information distracts the reader from the main points of the paragraph. 14 A Above and beyond his career, B During his career, C Even without his remarkable career, D Best as is 15 Which of the following provides the most logical and succinct conclusion to this essay? A With his incredible footwork and his willingness to teach others, Manning has done a great deal to promote a traditional art form that Americans can call their own.
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B Manning was also an employee of the United States Postal Service for 30 years. C Some art forms are more popular than others, but swing dancing has experienced a revival in the past decade. D Best as is

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Pangaea You are there in geography class, watching the teacher point to a map of the world.
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A little you B little, you C little; you D Best as is

Daydreaming a little. You gaze at the shapes on the map. Suddenly you notice that the bulge on
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A East coast B east Coast C east coast D Best as is

the East Coast of South America looks as if it
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would fit neat into the indented coast of western Africa across the ocean. Most scientists who study the earth now
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A be fitting neatly B have fitted neat C fit neatly D Best as is

believe that, in fact, these continents were joined until about 100 million years ago. They base this belief on rock layers and fossils common to both South America and Africa. Further support is provided by the theory of plate tectonics, which states that the outer shell
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A that, factually B that the facts in C which, in truth, D Best as is

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A is having been B was C is D Best as is

of the earth always has been and still is being constantly in motion. According to this theory, the outer shell of the earth is broken up into large chunks, called
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A plates, these B plates. These C plates, those D Best as is

tectonic plates these move slowly on the
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A has lain B lies C had laid D Best as is

partially molten rock that lays beneath them.

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WKCE Test Practice 1
Pangaea continued About 200 million years ago, there was a single landmass, called Pangaea. Over a period of 65 million years, Pangaea broke up into two smaller masses—Gondwanaland and Laurasia. South America and Africa were originally part of Gondwanaland, but they too began to drift apart, eventually arriving at their current positions on the globe. Scientists believe that a massive eruption of
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25 The writer is considering adding this sentence to Paragraph 4:
Mighty rivers of lava flowed onto the surface of the land.

Where would be the most logical place to insert this sentence? A Before the sentence that begins “Scientists believe...” B Before the sentence that begins “This eruptive...” C Before the sentence that begins “This further...” D This sentence would not be a good addition to Paragraph 4. 26 A builds the contribution of B would lead to contributing, in a way, to C also greatly contributed to D Best as is 27 At this point, the writer would like to add a sentence that contributes scientific data to the paragraph and makes the conclusion more logical. Which choice best accomplishes both purposes? A There are animals in Australia that are not found on any other continent, so the land must have broken into pieces. B Research on the age of volcanic rocks found in Brazil shows that they were formed at the same time as similar basalt rock found in North America and Europe. C People from two countries that are located on the opposite sides of the world can still share common beliefs. D The Atlantic Ocean is the world’s second largest ocean, and it is most narrow off the northeast coast of Brazil.

lava could not help but break apart Pangaea. This eruptive outpouring happened in the Triassic period. Soon afterward, in the Jurassic period, the force of the Atlantic Ocean
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contributes the splitting of the landmass.

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This further supports the theory that continents that are now thousands of miles apart once were part of one gigantic mass. 23 A was originally part of B would become parts of C are becoming part of D Best as is 24 A couldn’t have not broken apart B helped break apart C helps break D Best as is

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28 The writer is considering adding these paragraphs to a larger essay about energy, oil and natural gas. Would this essay about Pangaea contribute to the larger work? A No, because there is no detailed discussion about the relationship between sources of energy and the origin of the world’s continents. B No, because the writer fails to discuss other types of fuel, such as wind power and solar energy. C Yes, because the essay needs to have a basis in scientific data. D Yes, because oil and natural gas are formed many miles beneath the earth’s surface. 29 The writer uses the terms “Triassic period” and “Jurassic period” in the final paragraph. What effect do these two terms have on the paragraph? A They make the sequence of events difficult to follow. B They add terminology that is unnecessary and confusing. C They reflect a knowledge of the terms used by specialists in the field. D They add a sense of irony to the writing. 30 Suppose the writer had chosen to add sentences about the nature of lava and how it functions scientifically under the Earth’s surface. Would this be an excellent addition to this essay? A No, because this essay is about Pangaea, not about lava. B No, because the writer fails to discuss other elements under the Earth’s surface. C Yes, because it would be interesting to understand what creates lava and how it works. D Yes, because lava is an important energy source.

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Atomic Power In 1945, President Harry Truman made a
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A was tested. He ordered B was tested—he ordered C was tested and he ordered D Best as is

decision that had changed the world forever. Less than one month after the first atomic bomb was tested, he ordered the U.S. military to use an atomic bomb in the war against Japan. A plane called the Enola Gay flew the
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A Hiroshima Japan and dropped it. B Hiroshima Japan, and dropped it. C Hiroshima, Japan, and dropped it. D Best as is

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A within a four-mile radius B in a gigantic circle of four whole miles C as far as the eye could see for four miles D Best as is

bomb over Hiroshima Japan and, dropped it. As the plane sped away, the bomb went off in the
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air over the city. It destroyed everything for four 35 miles all around and killed 80,000 people. More people died later as a result of radiation poisoning. Three days later, the United States dropped a second bomb, this time on the city
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A Facing with tremendous destruction, B Facing the more tremendous destruction around them, C Faced with tremendous destruction, D Best as is

of Nagasaki. Faced with tremendous destructing, the Japanese government surrendered.
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36 Which sentence, if added at this point, would make a good opening sentence for Paragraph 2 and provide a good transition from the previous paragraph? A Today, Nagasaki remains one of Japan’s biggest ports, and its main industry is shipbuilding. B Even though the United States and Japan are no longer literally at war, they are in a battle for consumers in the global automobile market. C Although the bombs brought World War II to an end, the cost to the world has been great. D This surrender, which happened on August 14, 1945, brought relief to people all over the world.

In the past 50 years, powerful countries

have spent millions of dollars on nuclear research to create even more destructive weapons. 31 A made a decision that changed B had made a decision that had changed C made a decision that was changed for D Best as is

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Atomic Power continued
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A more for your power than for your people B more about power than people C more powerfully about atomic power then for humans D Best as is

It is obvious that the governments of these countries care more about power then for your people because the weapons they build could destroy millions at the touch of a button. Those precious financial resources could have been
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used for productive things. Instead, they were spent on dangerous weaponry. Today, nuclear power has many uses, and however many of them are positive, generating nuclear power is a very risky type of procedure when it is put into actual practice. Accidents at nuclear power plants have caused considerable damage to people and property. In 1986, there
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39 The writer is thinking of replacing the phrase “productive things” with the phrase “education, medical research, and agricultural studies.” If this were done, the sentence would become: A irrelevant, because this is an essay on atomic power. B awkward, because it is not clear exactly how the money could have been spent differently. C more persuasive, because specific information is more compelling than general descriptions. D more light-hearted in tone, adding some relief from the overall foreboding feeling that the writer creates. 40 A although many of them are positive, B whenever many of them are positive, C and, on a positive note, D Best as is 41 A a very risky practice. B procedurally, a practice with many risks. C a risky procedure that requires practice. D Best as is

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A Obviously you can see that B It is one of the most obvious things in the world that C It will become obvious that D Best as is

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Atomic Power continued was an explosion at a nuclear reactor in Chernobyl.
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A that had already begun to contaminate B that contaminants C which, contaminates D Best as is

The explosion released

radiation that contaminated vast portions of Europe, especially the areas that are now the countries of Belarus and Ukraine. It has been estimated that as many as 8,000 people died from this accident and the resulting cleanup.
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44 Which of the following sentences would make the best conclusion for Paragraph 3? A What would President Harry Truman think about that if he were alive today? B The initial official reports stated that far fewer people had died. C One of the results of the collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was that in 1991, Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine agreed to form the Commonwealth of Independent States. D This tragedy serves as a harsh reminder that nuclear power can be deadly even during times of peace. 45 The writer wishes to add this sentence to the essay:
Now that the fighting had ended in Europe, the United States turned its attention to the Pacific.

42 The writer is considering adding the following true parenthetical statement at this point in the essay: (The city was then part of the Soviet Union, but today it is part of Ukraine.) Would this be a relevant addition to the paragraph? A Yes, because the changing of countries’ borders is an integral element to this essay. B Yes, because it provides more precise information about where a key event occurred. C No, because many readers will not be familiar with the nation of Ukraine. D No, because this parenthetical statement would fit better in another paragraph.

The most logical and appropriate place for this sentence is after A the first sentence in Paragraph 1. B the last sentence in Paragraph 1. C the last sentence in Paragraph 2. D the first sentence in Paragraph 2.
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Elizabeth Barrett Browning 1806–1861 “How do I love thee, let me count the ways,” is one of the most quoted lines in English literature. During her lifetime, Elizabeth Barrett Browning was England’s most famous woman poet. Born in 1806, Browning received an unusual education for a woman of her time. She studied Latin and Greek and read voraciously in history, philosophy, and literature. Her first volume of poetry was published when she was thirteen. Though she had intellectual freedom, her tyrannical father forbid her or any of his eleven children to marry. By the age of thirty-nine, Barrett was a prominent woman of letters who lived in seclusion as an invalid in her father’s house, where she occasionally received visitors. One of the visitors was Robert Browning, who, moved by her poetry, wrote to tell her, “I do as I say, love these books with all my heartand I love you too.” One evening in 1846, the Brownings eloped and moved to Italy. She wrote the Sonnets from the Portuguese, a sequence of forty-four sonnets in which she recorded the stages of her love for her husband, Robert Browning, which she presented under a guise of a translation from the Portuguese language. These love poems have become some of the most famous in all of English literature. Barrett’s verse novel Aurora Leigh (1857) has attracted critical attention. The poem depicts the growth of a woman poet and is the first work in English by a woman writer in which the heroine herself is an author. The work deals with the subjects of women in Victorian society. 46 In your own words, write a conclusion to this piece on Browning. For this answer, make sure you use complete sentences and check your work for correct spelling, capitalization, and punctuation.

47 What would be a better title for this work? A The Life and Work of Elizabeth Barrett Browning B Love Poems C The Love Life of Elizabeth Barrett Browning D Life in Italy 48 In your own words, describe why Elizabeth Barrett Browning is considered to be an important poet. For this answer, make sure you use complete sentences and check your work for correct spelling, capitalization, and punctuation.

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49 Combine these two sentences correctly.
The work deals with women in Victorian society. Women were not given the same vocational opportunities as men.

50 Choose the sentence that is written correctly. A Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s contribution to literature is immense, she is a valued poet and thinker. B Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s contribution to literature is immense she is a valued poet and thinker. C Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s contribution to literature is immense; she is a valued poet and thinker. D Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s contribution to literature is immense: she is a valued poet and thinker.

51 Why is it significant that Browning wrote a novel in verse with a heroine who is a poet?

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Child Labor In the early part of the twentieth century, it was not uncommon for U.S. children to be employed in numerous work environments, such as factories, mines, and fields. Some workers were amazingly only 3 years old. Many children labored in dangerous, unhealthy conditions. The air in coal mines was filled with dust, and lint filled the air in cotton mills. Factory work was repetitious, and nearly all the employers paid children less than what adults earned. Glass factories operated around the clock, and boys were often assigned to the night shift. These unfortunate lads worked around hot, treacherous machinery from 5:00 P.M. until 3:00 A.M. Some children worked 12 hours per day, six days per week. Whether they worked indoors or outdoors, many children labored in their bare feet. Accidents in coal mines were not rare, and when they did occur, they were frequently fatal. One adult who felt strongly about changing this situation was Lewis Hine. He was a schoolteacher and a photographer who became an investigative reporter for the NCLC (National Child Labor Committee). Hine traveled throughout the United States, photographing children whose economic plight forced them to do manual labor. Hine’s camera captured images of shrimp pickers in Mississippi, coal miners in Pennsylvania, plastic flower-makers in New York, oyster shuckers in Louisiana, produce sellers in Ohio, and cranberry haulers in New Jersey.
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52 How would you best describe this passage? A a biography of Lewis Hine. B a history of child labor laws. C a history of labor unions. D a persuasive essay about the value of work. 53 Why do you think it is significant that Hine was a photographer and a schoolteacher? For this answer, make sure you use complete sentences and check your work for correct spelling, capitalization, and punctuation.

54 Combine these two sentences.
Whether they worked indoors or outdoors, children worked in their bare feet. The conditions the children worked in were unhealthy and unsafe.

During Hine’s first travels early in the century, some states did have child-labor laws, but they were not strictly enforced. In 1916 and 1918 federal laws restricting the employment of children were passed. However, the Supreme Court declared these laws unconstitutional because they infringed upon states’ rights.

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55 In your own words, write a thesis statement that addresses whether or not you support child labor laws and why.

56 In the past decade, the salaries of average professional athletes have increased into the multimillion-dollar range. Some people feel that professional athletes are highly overpaid; others feel that the entertainment, inspiration, and money they generate to millions of fans justifies their salaries. Write a letter to the editor of a sport’s magazine expressing your views on this issue.

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