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EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- Inventory impacted by manufacturing


Answer:- variable assets turns

Question:- Competitive strategy is "about being different"


Answer:- Michal porter

Question:- Under SWOT Analysis. Finance Resources-Performing are the example of


Answer:- Strengths and Weaknesses

Question:- ___________ Srategy can be defined as a set of co-ordination objective and action programs
applied to a firm's manufacturing function and aimed at securing medium and long term, sustainable
advantage over that firm's competitive
Answer:-Manufacturing

Question:- Major contributors in the development of control charts. Sampling plan are
Answer:- F H Dodge, H G Roming, Walter Schewhart

Question:- In their Framework, a firm typically will choose to emphasize one of the three " value disciplines
Answer:- Production leadership, Operational excellence, Customer intimacy

Question:- _________ is a Series of time intervals that specifies what types of order changes are allowed
Answer:- Time Fence

Question:- Material flow in the process layout is


Answer:- Discontinuous

Question:- The analysis that is more in specific business operation and decisions is
Answer:- Internal

Question:- The advantages of Factor Analysis method over Balancing advantages against disadvantage
methods are
Answer:- Considers intangible costs/benefits , Is a rational method, Analysis is more objective

Question:- operational efficiency does not depend on inventory control management


Answer:- TRUE

Question:- The baic reasons for failure of manufacturing (operatioin) Stategy include the following
Answer:- Under - investment in equipment etc., excessive Overheads (relative to scale of operation). High
Operational Cost and/or low productivity

Question:- Which industry out of the following industrties require maximum consideration for safety factor
while
Answer:- Nuclear power plat

Question:- In cellular layout the facilities are grouped together in cell which are able to perform
____________ type of operation for a group of products.
Answer:- Similar

Subject:- PRO & MANAGEMENT

Question:- The ______________ are those materials which add their weight to the finished product in the
process of manufacture
Answer:- Pure

Question:- Aggregate planning makes tactical decision that translate forecast demend planned capacity into
_______________ products.Answer:- Production Schedule

Question:- Core competence is discussed by


Answer:- Pralahad and Hamel
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- The realistic vision is built as a pen picture of business in three more years time in terms of
Answer:- Physical Appearance, Size, Activities

Question:- The stategy plan and operational plan are the same
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- A good plant layout helps in


Answer:- Reducing handling cost

Question:- Production Planning is the series of related and coordinated activities desiged to systematizes in
advance the __________ efforts.
Answer:- Manufacturing

Question:- Some of the drivers responsible for this increase in variability and thus challenging
manufacturing to achieve adaptive capabilities are:
Answer:- Mass customization, Zero defect quality, Response velocity

Question:- Manufacturing stategy is an important step towards competitiveness


Answer:- TRUE

Question:- Aggregate plans are tactical plan


Answer:- TRUE

Question:- The balance Score Card (BSC) was developed in early 90s by
Answer:- Kalplan and Norton

Question:- Mixed layout are generally used in case of product is to be produced in different sizes/bytes:
contains too many components
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- The element governing operation of business and its contact and relationships with society at
alrge customers suppliers employees local community and other stakeholders, is termed as
Answer:- Value

Question:- The current issues under manufacturing strategy are


Answer:- Low cost Countries (LCCs), outsoursing manufacturing, Mass Customization

Question:- The profitability can be increased through following measures:


Answer:- Lean production philosophy, Mass customization, Flexible manufacturing capability

Question:- While following key steps towards a stategic plan the third step is to state business
___________ In terms of results it needs/wants to achive in medium / long term
Answer:- objective

Question:- Product layout is suitable when


Answer:- Products have reasonable stable demand

Question:- Process type of layout is suitable when


Answer:- there is wide variations in the processing times of individual operations

Question:- _____________ is expressed as total number of units per time period that can be produced
Answer:- Capacity
uestion:- ____________ Is a term that refers to a complex web of through, ideas, insight, experience,
goals, expertise, memories, perceptions and expectation that provides general guidance for specific action
in pursuit of particular ends.
Answer:- Strategy

Question:- Components of Production Management include


Answer:- Capacity Planning , Job Design , Production Planning
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- Generic strategies are useful because they characterize strategic positions at the simplest and
broadest level
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- The process of changing inputs thereby adding some value to entity can be defined as
Answer:- Operation

Question:- Rel chart exhibits relationship between ____________ of department in terms of degree of
closeness desired
Answer:- pairs

Question:- Objective of Work Study is to imrove productivity


Answer:- TRUE

Question:- Dispatching function is not a part of Production Planning


Answer:- TRUE

Question:- The program as a key step towards a strategic plan, should cover
Answer:- Resources, Objective, time Scales

Question:- The goal as a key step towards a strategic plan, should be


Answer:- quantifiable, consistent, realistic

Question:- Following are some of the Principle of Management advocated by F W Taylor


Answer:- Selection of best worker for each particular task , Division of work between worker and
management , Training and development of the workmen

Question:- The three types of 'fats' are


Answer:- inventory fat, labour fat, capacity fat

Question:- Technique of value Engineering can be effective employed in design of a product to


Answer:- To meet the intended function at lowest cost

Question:- Plant Layout is concerned with optimum arrangement of the following


Answer:- Storage space , Machines , Material Handling Equipment

Question:- As the precursor to developing strategic plan, it is desirable to conduct


Answer:- SWOT Analysis

Question:- ______________ Is the amount of time the master schedule extends into future.
Answer:- Planning Horizon

Question:- Cellular layout is based on the concept of group Technology


Answer:- TRUE

Question:- The SWOT analysis is used to identify strategies by taking following. measures
Answer:- Building on Strengths, Resolving weaknesses. Exploiting opportunities & avoiding threats

Question:- High ROA indicates that the profit margin is


Answer:- High

Question:- The main requirements of strategic plan as follows


Answer:- it should assist benchmarking, it should assists performance monitoring, Stimulate change and
become building block for next plan

Question:- one of the characteristics of layout is about the flow of material/personnel In a good layout the
flow should be
Answer:- Unidirectional
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Question:- The 'Annualized Hours (AH)' is also known as ______________ as it can be seen as extension
of flextime, in which employees can vary their work hours within limits
Answer:- flexiyear

Question:- A good layput results in


Answer:- Lower costs

Question:- A sound strategic plan should


Answer:- Serve as a Framwork for decisions or for securing support/appoval, Provide a basis for more
detailed planning, Explain the business to others in order to inform, motivate and involve

Question:- One of the following is not a gross material


Answer:- Cotton

Question:- Under Linear decision rule, two linear equations can be derived from ______________
Equation
Answer:- Quadratic

Question:- Production Planning and control normally assigned to _______________ sets of functions
Answer:- Two

Question:- Any premise in which person are employed for purpose of making any products is called
Answer:- Factory

Question:- Quality Function Development (QFD) ia a three step process:


Answer:- quality Design, Detailed design, Process development

Question:- The Design of any layout is governed by large number of factors is expected to ____________
all these factors
Answer:- Optimise

Question:- The concet of Annualized Hours (AH) was used exclusive in japan.
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- Function concerned with fixation of time allowed to qualified worker for a job is
_______________
Answer:- Work Measurment

Question:- The two stages of aggregate planning are firstly to add all productive outputs to arrive at total
level of production and secondly or forecast in this output
Answer:- TRUE
Question:- What do you mean by the chart on which the major activities and entry points of materials are
recorded to have graphic view of operations and inspections involved in the process?
Answer:- Operation process chart
Subject:- PRO & MANAGEMENT

Question:- A way of scheduling the ordering or production of parts or raw materials so that they will be
available when needed to meet the master schedule, is known as
Answer:- Material requirements planning (MRP)

Question:- Two vital steps of installation phase of method study are _______________ and
implementation.
Answer:- Recommendation

Question:- Material control function of PPC is concerned with


Answer:- Preparation of material estimates

Question:- Community attitudes towards work as well as their attitudes towards the incoming entrepreneurs
can make or mar an industry.
Answer:- TRUE
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Question:- Which of the following are examples of pure materials?


Answer:- Bakeries , Ice factories , Woolen

Question:- Based on proven ______________ 20% of the sources cause 80% of any problems.
Answer:- Pareto principle

Question:- Process Planning is concerned with decisions regarding requirement of machines and manpower
for meeting customer demand
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- Start or finish points of activities is represented ____________________


Answer:- Event

Question:- Master Production Schedule is not


Answer:- A sales forecast, • A wish list, • A final assembly schedule

Question:- REL chart


Answer:- degree of closeness

Question:- Travel Chart


Answer:- distance and frequency of movements between different

Question:- Templates chart


Answer:- the two dimensional cutouts

Question:- Flow chart


Answer:- Tracing movement

Question:- Every network does not necessarily have a critical path.


Answer:- FALSE

Question:- Since recording by by descriptive method has its limitations, it is not recommended for use in
method study
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- Which are the advantages of suburban location?


Answer:- Avaialability of adequate land at lower cost , Both skilled!'! unskilled labour can be available ,
Plant expansion is ear due to less or no restriction for building and construction

Question:- the cost (y axix) Vs Quantity (x axis) PLOT shows that the characteristics of inventory earring
cost is
Answer:- Linear rising

Question:- degree of repetitivness in case of batch production is more as compared to process production
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- The length of ______________ For mps is determined by calculating largest cumulative lead
time for the finished product and possibly adding a period of time to give the purchasing department
visibility over future requirements so that they are able to take advantage of bulk purchasing discounts
Answer:- Supply chain

Question:- Which of the following cases can be referred as operation in method study recording?
Answer:- Change in physical characteristic , Consumption of physical effort , Change in chemical
characteristic

Question:- Six Sigma improves the work environment supports true teamwork in companies by providing
boundary less collaboration between
Answer:- Employees, Vendors, Customers.
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- Replacement decisions concerning machines are basically


Answer:- financial investment decisions

Question:- Implementation of jit increase cost of ____________ But reduces cost of internal failure
Answer:- Appraisal

Question:- Which of the following factors affect the quality control function?
Answer:- Quality of workmanship , Production aids , Manufacturing facilities

Question:- The Six Sigma theory comes from


Answer:- Statistics

Question:- ____________ is a technique through which it is possible to identify which of an available set of
jobs to process next on an available resource
Answer:- Planning or scheduling

Question:- the main purpose of kanban system is to streamline manufacturing and procurement processes
rather than relying on computer simulation to suggest when to order
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- In case of Batch production, when batches are small, _______________ Is the ratio of direct
workers to supervisors, and vice-versa
Answer:- Lower

Question:- An organization has to choose between three basic policies for meeting uneven demand
Answer:- Produce at constant rate, Chase demand, Mixed policy (produce at constant rate and chase
demand)

Question:- The contents of the Kanban are


Answer:- Part name & number,, Kanban number,, Work station (from) & work station (to)

Question:- Machining cells in place of conventional batch system result in


Answer:- Lowering of labour work content, • Simplification of material flow, • Minimum response time

Question:- The ________________ provides a scientific method of fixing standard time for a job.
Answer:- Work measurement

Question:- Which unit of measurement is used in case of time study


Answer:- hours
Question:- In case of time study, normal time is also called as
Answer:- Basic time

Question:- What do you mean by time to be taken by the workman if he performs the same element at
normal pace
Answer:- normal time

Question:- Which is the ideal place to write a description of an activity in a network?


Answer:- Above the arrow

Question:- In backward scheduling, first activity is scheduled first


Answer:- FALSE

Question:- Six sigma is one of the vital techniques to achive TQM


Answer:- TRUE

Question:- With a general OC curve, probability of acceptance of lots of good quality is never unity under
sampling inspection
Answer:- TRUE
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Question:- The number of pieces produced the period of study are ascertained from production reports or
physical count
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- The element governing the operation of the business and its conduct or relationships with
society at large, customers, suppliers, employees, local community and other stakeholders, is termed as
Answer:- Values

Question:- The concept of strategy has been borrowed from the military and adapted for use in business
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- What does tail of an arrow represent?


Answer:- Start of an activity

Question:- scheduling decisions are made considering constraints/ limitations established by the longer-term
decisions
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- the strategy seeks to produce an aggregate plan that maintains a steady production rate and/or a
steady employment level is referred to as
Answer:- Level strategy

Question:- What are the uses of instruction manual provided by the manufacturers of the machines
Answer:- It Gives instructions regarding installation and operation of the equipment, It Contains notes on
common troubles with causes and remedies for troubleshooting, it Enlists points , frequency and type of
lubricant

Question:- The diagram that Focuses on efforts or the problems that have the greatest potential for
improvement by showing relative frequency and/or size in a descending bar graph is known as
Answer:- Pareto Diagram

Question:- Fixed position layout is adopted when


Answer:- product is very heavy involving assembly of large number of parts

Question:- In case of an OC curve, the risk of rejecting a good quality lot may vary between
Answer:- 0.01 to 10%

Question:- Jit is a philosophy that tells us that the expenditure on inventory adversely affects profitability
Answer:- false

Question:- A ________________ layout is one that reduces the materials handling activity to its minimum.
Answer:- Good

Question:- Search Decision Rule


Answer:- Search Decision Rule

Question:- The advantages of chase strategy


Answer:- anticipation inventory is not required, investment in inventory is low, • Labour utilization is kept
high

Question:- In an organization there may not be a formal PPC department if


Answer:- Work is highly repetitive in nature , Planning activities are performed by the line staff , Number
of workmen is not very large

Question:- Which of the following are Characteristics of process production


Answer:- Special purpose machines with built-in controls, Highly mechanized/ automated materials
handling, Virtually zero manufacturing cycle time

Question:- production activity control (PAC) is a short term activity and by nature tends to be a data
intensive activity Answer:- FALSE
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Question:- In case of backward pass computation, the latest event time of the end event equals to the
earliest event time minus duration of that activity.
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- _______ materials are those which lose weight in the process of transformation Into finished
Answer:- Gross

Question:- Which of the following situations demand the technical consideration while selecting a job for
method study?
Answer:- Jobs having inconsistent quality , Operations inviting frequent requests from supervisors for
relaxation in allowed time because of variations in materials and tool performance , Jobs in which too many
man-hours are spend in checking and rechecking work

Question:- ___________ to produce and deliver finished goods just in time to be sold, make sub
assemblies just in time to be assembled into finished goods and purchased materials just in time to be
transformed into fabricated parts
Answer:- JIT

Question:- Production Plan


Answer:- manufacturing aggregate plan

Question:- Staffing Plan


Answer:- service aggregate plan

Question:- Dell incorporation


Answer:- Depend upon aggregate inventories of components

Question:- Suburban location provides the compromise netween rural and urban locations.
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- Following are examples of wastes of the conversion process


Answer:- Idling of the resources, • Production of defective goods, • Higher total throughout time

Question:- There are two types of asset turns are fixed and
Answer:- Variable

Question:- ____________ is computed by subtracting the sum of setup and processing times from the
time remaining until the job's due date
Answer:- Slack

Question:- Six sigma gives emphasis on preventing defects through


Answer:- Robust process design, Use of control charts, Mistake proofing methods
Question:- Which of the following processes or activities are denoted by using symbols while recording in
method study?
Answer:- Transport , Delay , Storage

Question:- Which of the following activities are used while recording for method study?
Answer:- Delay , Operation , Inspection

Question:- JIT Purchasing is suitable in the following cases


Answer:- flow production, involvement of people of all category

Question:- The process of estimating total capacity that will be required at each work center or machine,
based on master schedule or MRP is called
Answer:- Master Production Schedule (MPS)

Question:- ____________ Is the designated period during which the master scheduler is allowed to make
changes, but computer software is not
Answer:- Planning Time Fence
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Question:- Aggregate plans are tactical plans


Answer:- FALSE

Question:- Besides charts, two types of diagrams -flow diagram and __________ are drawn when recording
details of an existing layout
Answer:- string diagrams

Question:- The scheduling chart with horizontal rows representing jobs or resources to be scheduled and
vertical division representing time period is known asAnswer:- gantt chart

Question:- The analysis that is more in specific business operations and decisions
Answer:- internal

Question:- The main Objectives of Scheduling are as under


Answer:- Meeting Delivery Dates, • Minimize Inventory, • Maximize Resource utilization

Question:- a structured approach to identify, estimate, prioritize, and evaluate risk of possible failures at
each stalk of a process, is referred to as
Answer:- Failure mode & effect analysis

Question:- change in physical characteristic


Answer:- punching

Question:- addition
Answer:- assembly

Question:- consumption of physical effort


Answer:- Lifting

Question:- information received


Answer:- Getting instructions

Question:- The activities are scheduled from due date or planned receipt date, in case of
Answer:- backward scheduling

Question:- Production control work is ____________ in case of floor inspection as compared with the
centralized inspection.
Answer:- easier

Question:- _______ is the resultant of failure of product delivered to the customer or put in to the service
Answer:- External Failure cost

Question:- Delay is indicated by _________________ during recording for method study


Answer:- Letter Dee

Question:- Johnson's algorithm constructs a schedule which minimize the maximum flow time for a two
machine flow shop
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- The rule • Shortest processing time (SPT) tends to reduce


Answer:- work in process inventory, average throughput time, and average job lateness

Question:- What do you understand by the metallurgical aspects of the product which forms the vital part of
engineering function
Answer:- Material specifications

Question:- Which information is collected under the head working condition during time study
Answer:- protective clothing worn, posture, weight handled
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Question:- _____________ are used to create histograms such as shown on the Pareto chart.
Answer:- Checksheets

Question:- Both types of card transport Kanban and production kanban card are required to be used
simultaneously in production processAnswer:- TRUE

Question:- Voice of Customer


Answer:- To understand Customer needs and expectations

Question:- Critical to Quality (CTQ)


Answer:- Attributes most important to the customer

Question:- Defect
Answer:- Failing to deliver what the customer wants

Question:- Stable Operations


Answer:- Ensuring consistent, predictable processes to improve what the customer sees and feels

Question:- JIT advocates the philosophy of elimination of waste from the system which occurs in the
following forms
Answer:- Waste due to over production, b) Waste due to waiting (queues), c) Waste due to transportation

Question:- What do you understand by analysis of motions employed by the workmen to perform a task?
Answer:- Motion economy

Question:- Which of the following are regional factors which govern the selection of plant location
Answer:- proximity to markets, climatic condition, industrial and taxation laws

Question:- Flow shop


Answer:- all the jobs use the machines following same order

Question:- Job shop


Answer:- jobs! have different sequences of operation

Question:- Flow time


Answer:- total time required from start of first job until completion of job

Question:- Makespan
Answer:- time required from start of first task of a job to finish of last activity of the last job

Question:- The ___________ results when all preceding and succeeding activities occur at the earliest
event time.
Answer:- Free float

Question:- What do you mean by Design modifications may also be made to reduce time and effort
required in carrying out maintenance work
Answer:- design-out maintanace

Question:- Which kind of possible defectives can be reduced due to first off inspection?
Answer:- Due to mistakes in reading blue prints , Due to errors in tooling , Due to wrong machine set up

Question:- Passive strategy includes


Answer:- Attempts to handle fluctuations in demand by focusing on supply and capacity management, •
Subcontract production, • Negotiate cooperative arrangements with other firms

Question:- Work center performance is based on acceptable output and completion time
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- External factors affecting scheduling are


Answer:- Customer's delivery dates, Customer's demand
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- Which of the following observations are expected from the preventive maintenance person?
Answer:- Wrong alignments , Overheating defects , Excessive play

Question:- Activities whose earliest finish times and latest finish times are not equal constitutes the critical
path.
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- The priority planning and shop floor control and scheduling elements ultimately determine the
performance of the production system. This was stated by
Answer:- Vollman:

Question:- _____________ is expressed as total number of units needed


Answer:- demand

Question:- Which are the different methods to record details of the existing method during method study?
Answer:- Charts , Diagrams , Templates or models

Question:- What is the nature of the sampling plan for critical defects?
Answer:- Tight

Question:- JIT aims at reduction of


Answer:- non-value added items

Question:- What does head of an arrow represent?


Answer:- End of an activity

Question:- Materials movement from stores to the first work centre is generally the responsibility of
_________
Answer:- Dispatcher

Question:- As a general rule, a site five times the actual plant size is considered minimum for parking,
access facilities and future expansion.
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- As a general rule minimum size of the proposed site should be higher than actual plant size
Answer:- five times

Question:- Strategy refers to basic directional decisions, that is, to purposes and missions
Answer:- George Steiner

Question:- Example of Machine aids are


Answer:- vices, chucks, collets

Question:- Production scheduling aims at


Answer:- Reduction of manufacturing time, reduction of setup time, imparting management training

Question:- Inherent Safety' is one of the principle of good layout. In context of layout, this can be achieved
by the following
Answer:- Clear gangway, location of material and material handling system

Question:- Inspection is represented by __________ during recording for method study


Answer:- Square

Question:- A ___________ phase is the follow up phase after implementation which serves as a monitoring
and control mechanism during method study
Answer:- Maintenance

Question:- The optimizing technique that seeks to minimize total production cost using a set of cost
approximating functions to obtain a single quadratic equation is known as Answer:- Linear Decision Rule
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- A lot declared rejected in sampling inspection should not be inspected 100% in any case.
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- __________ of operations refers to running of a job simultaneously on more than one
Answer:- Overlapping

Question:- What do you mean by the project duration for which the total cost is minimum?
Answer:- Optimum duration

Question:- According to Bauer, the function of production activity control (PAC) are as follows
Answer:- scheduling, Monitoring, Dispatching

Question:- Traditional manufacturing stresses "getting hands dirty" while JIT manufacturing emphasizes
"cleanliness: and systematic work place improvement" for which Japanese recommends use of
Answer:- 5S technique

Question:- Normal time can not be equated to the standard time


Answer:- TRUE

Question:- The MRS is stated in end items, it has three parts


Answer:- Master Schedule, 3. Available to promise, Annual demand***

Question:- Previous On-Hand inventory, minus the larger of next periods forecast or actual orders is termed
as
Answer:- Projected On-Hand Inventory

Question:- Providing flexibility in plant layout means


Answer:- Layout can be changed without much cost if required

Question:- Six sigma strategy or approach for systematic improvement of business processes to achieve
Answer:- Bottom line profitability

Question:- The middle compartment contains the copy of work order/shop order of the item
Answer:- to be processed next on the machine

Question:- Main objective of a good plant layout is


Answer:- Reduce material handling cost
Subject:- PRO & MANAGEMENT

Question:- t would not affect the project completion time if non-critical activities take little loner time
than planned
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- In JIT is not possible for each and every item held as inventory
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- Variations in time during the time study can be reduced to some extent but can not be eliminated
totally
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- ________ is a Series of time intervals that specifies what types of order changes are
allowed.Answer:- Time Fence

Question:- Value addition to an entity can be done by the following ways


Answer:- Alteration, Transport, Inspection

Question:- Dispatching
Answer:- Execution of the current production schedule relative to the current state of the production
system
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- Backward Scheduling


Answer:- An approach to scheduling that starts from a desired due date and works backward

Question:- Tool order


Answer:- Instruct to keep necessary tools ready for use

Question:- Inspection order


Answer:- one for each stage of inspection

Question:- What do you mean by the study of repetitive short cycle operations which involve quick hand /
feet motions?
Answer:- Micromotion study

Question:- In case of backward pass computation, the latest event time of a tail event equals to the latest
event time of the succeeding ( Head ) event minus duration of the activity converging to the head event.
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- Material flow in process layout is _______________________


Answer:- Discontinuous

Question:- In MPS. the following need to be clearly understood about the quantities
Answer:- The quantities represent production, not demand,, • The quantities may consist of a combination
of customer orders and demand forecasts,,, • The quantities represent what needs to be produced, not what
can be produced

Question:- Which of the following is not the characteristic of Project Production?


Answer:- Continuous flow of material , Highly mechanized material handling , Virtually zero
manufacturing cycle time

Question:- What is represented by an arrow in a network?


Answer:- Activity

Question:- The cost of quality can be divided in to following areas


Answer:- Appraisal Cost (Inspection), Prevention Cost, Failure Cost & Hidden Cost

Question:- Master Production Schedule (MPS)


Answer:- A Specific statement of exactly what, usually in terms of individual end items or product models,
will be produced in each time period

Question:- manufacturing Resource Planning (MPS II)


Answer:- Provides simulation capabilities and cost information for other functional areas of the business

Question:- Capacity Requirement Planning (CRP)


Answer:- Information about resources and facilities available

Question:- Planning Horizontal


Answer:- Normally set to cover a minimum of cumulative lead time to plus time for lot sizing low-level
components and for capacity changes of primary work center

Question:- Duration of each activity is referred to as


Answer:- Activity time

Question:- What do you understand by the selection of the job for the method study on the basis of money
saving potential of the job?
Answer:- Economic consideration

Question:- Which of the following are types of non-destructive testing?


Answer:- Visual Testing , Eddy current , Magnetic flow detectors
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Question:- ________ Is a statistical methodology used for determining the case-and-effect relationship
between process variables (X's) and the output variable (Y)
Answer:- Design of experiments (DOE)

Question:- In case of forward pass computation, the earliest event time of the first event is zero
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- _________ shows hypothesized relationships between potential causes and the problem under
study
Answer:- Tree Diagram (Check next time also)

Question:- The Smed (Single Minute Exchange Of Die) can be implemented throught stages which
Answer:- Separate the Internal & External setup,

Question:- The _____________ pertain to the climatic conditions which the component , product or
material should withstand.
Answer:- Environmental specifications

Question:- The method of ABCD Checklist for Operational Excellence is developed to


Answer:- judging performance of MPS

Question:- The method of ABCD Checklist for Operational Excellence is developed by


Answer:- Oliver Wight

Question:- Examples of Inspection aids are


Answer:- verniers caliper, micrometers, gauges

Question:- multiplication of theoretical capacity by the average utilization index


Answer:- net available capacity per period

Question:- the steeper the OC curve, the better is the discrimination between good and bad lots
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- Six sigma was pioneered in the year


Answer:- 1986

Question:- Why method study should precede work measurement?


Answer:- Time for a job can be accessed accurately only after standardizing the method

Question:- Cent percent inspection is a must if the inspection is of destructive nature


Answer:- FALSE

Question:- Even if any activity on the critical path is delayed, project completes on the scheduled time
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- which is the most suitable techniques for selecting optimal manufacturing method
Answer:- Break-even-analysis

Question:- Examples of Work aids are


Answer:- jigs and fixtures, work arbors, copying templates

Question:- The ______________ breakdowns usually cost more, partly due to damage done to the
adjustment components and partly due to emergency actions
Answer:- Unexpected

Question:- The work in progress inventory in a jobbing production is ___________________ if compared


to continuous production
Answer:- very large
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Question:- production is a __________________ by which goods and services are produced


Answer:- process

Question:- Which are three different times considered in PERT?


Answer:- Optimistic Time , Pessimistic time , Most likely time

Question:- What do you understand by PERT ?


Answer:- Project Evaluation & Review Technique

Question:- Which of the following defects can be observed during preventive inspection by using human
senses'
Answer:- Deviation from normal sound , Excessive Vibration , Leakage of a gas

Question:- A network can have more than one starting event but completion event must be only one
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- How to calculate float?


Answer:- Parallel critical path time minus Non-critical path time

Question:- Expected time


Answer:- Te

Question:- Optimistic time


Answer:- a

Question:- Most likely time


Answer:- m

Question:- Pessimistic time


Answer:- b

Question:- Which of the following possibilities can be explored by using flow process chart?
Answer:- Eliminating the operations or combining the operations with another , Reducing the distance
traveled by the workmen or materials , Avoiding the waiting time and thereby reduce production losses

Question:- Which of the following factors play important role while selecting or rejecting a particular site
from legislation and taxation point of view?
Answer:- Labour laws , Building codes , Policies regarding issue of licences

Subject:- PRO & MANAGEMENT

Question:- It is not necessary to know spare time available on the non-critical path to allow a little delay for
non critical activity
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- Shape od an OC curve is a function of sample size and the acceptance number
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- ___________ assumes that capacity is finite at any work centre


Answer:- Finite Loading

Question:- What is the reason of excessive friction between parts7


Answer:- Improper or lack of lubricationite

Question:- MRP system is


Answer:- push system

Question:- Which utilities are considered as infrastructural requirements?


Answer:- Disposal of waste , Power , Water
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Question:- Tool breakage has got nearly zero chances in case of eventual breakdown
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- Which are the three types of float?


Answer:- Total float , Independent float , Free float

Question:- How dummy activities are shown in the time chart during project scheduling?
Answer:- Vertical lines

Question:- Select the task to be timed


Answer:- First step

Question:- Standardise the method of working


Answer:- second step

Question:- Select the operator


Answer:- Third step

Question:- Record necessary details


Answer:- fourth step

Question:- Atypical production system comprises of three main components: input _____________ &
output
Answer:- transformation process

Question:- cost of free replacement is the example of External Failure cost


Answer:- TRUE

Question:- Production planning and control is normally assigned to __________ sets of functions
Answer:- two

Question:- Use of standardized containers gives following benefits:


Answer:- Elimination/minimization of transit damages, • Ease in verification of the quantity of
part/component, • Automatic signal to supplier to replenish stock

Question:- The ____________ is specified to indicate the maximum permissible variability in the
dimensions product or parts.
Answer:- Tolerance

Question:- The cost of appraisal and cost of prevention is called


Answer:- Cost of conformance

Question:- Management often fails to realize the importance of efficient layout due to following reason
Answer:- losses resulting from poor layout are not directly shewn in the financial statements

Question:- In case of Batch Production which kind of labour is expected?


Answer:- Skilled in one specific Manufacturing Process

Question:- Development of a good lubrication programme begins with the identification of lubrication
points.
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- A sampling plan which perfectly discriminates will have vertical OC Curve
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- The components are said to possess good quality, if they work welf in the equipment for which
they are meant". according to
Answer:- Juran
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- _____________ Is a close loop process for countinual improvement


Answer:- DMAIC (Define, Measure, Analyse. Improve and Control)

Question:- Cent percent inspection does not mean inspection of component for 100% quality
characteristics.
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- Recording of movement is not necessary in case of method study in any form
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- Operation process charts though indicates the sequence of events but do not show movements
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- Capacity planning concerned with estimation of requirements of machine and ______________
Answer:- men

Question:- Critical operation inspection


Answer:- After whose no rework is possible

Question:- Patrolling inspection


Answer:- Inspection at the place of actual production

Question:- Key operation inspection


Answer:- Costlier operation

Question:- First off inspection


Answer:- First piece produced after tool change

Question:- No machine should be scheduled for its 100% effective capacity because if a rush order comes
in, scheduling has to be changed to allow rush order to be put through the shops
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- Which of the following charts are used for the recording of data during the method study?
Answer:- Operation process chart , Multiple activity chart , Flow process chart

Question:- Slake time [ ST ] is not a variant of EDO


Answer:- FALSE

Question:- inventory carrying costs is very low, if lead time is large due to distance factors
Answer:- FALSE

Subject:- PRO & MANAGEMENT

Question:- Some of the main principle of six Sigma are


Answer:- Genuine Focus on Customer, Data and fact driven Management, Process focus management and
improvement

Question:- Raw materials can be classified into two categories as gross materials and___________ Material
for the purpose of assessing their influence on location:
Answer:- Pure

Question:- What does CPA stands for?


Answer:- Critical Path Analysis

Question:- In a hospital inputs are _______________ and outputs are cured patients
Answer:- patients

Question:- The _______________ technique builds the network from activities


Answer:- Critical Path Method
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- how to obtain the elemental time in case of fly back method
Answer:- By calculating after the study

Question:- What are the benefits of inspection and quality control?


Answer:- Adequate maintenance of quality , Ensures parts are within specified limits of accuracy , Gives
economy in production through reduction of defective work

Question:- How total floats on non-critical activities are shown in the time chart during project scheduling?
Answer:- Dotted lines

Question:- Which of the following are types of sampling plan?


Answer:- Single sampling plan , Double sampling plan , Multiple sampling plan

Question:- Which of the economical techniques to mesure delays and interruption^ incidental to the Work
Answer:- work sampling technique

Question:- What are the benefits of reconditioning?


Answer:- Eliminates problems and frequent breakdowns , Increases life of an equipment , It helps to plan
requirement of replacement spares

Question:- Following is not a function of PPC


Answer:- Product Planning

Question:- All activities must not be tied up into the network


Answer:- FALSE

Question:- in the mid 1970s, the concept of Annualised hours (AH), was pioneered by the company
Answer:- Scandinavian pulp and paper industries

Question:- Quality is a customer satisfaction aimed at meeting the following


Answer:- Stated needs, 2. Unstated needs, 3. Expectations

Question:- Two welknown timing methods are cumulative method and ______________
Answer:- Fly back method

Question:- Random demand makes the scheduling of labor extremely difficult


Answer:- TRUE

Question:- Both, preventive and breakdown maintenance work must be assigned to the same team.
Answer:- FALSE
Question:- Floor inspection delays the identification of faults which can not be rectified immediately before
large lots are spoiled.
Answer:- FALSE
Subject:- PRO & MANAGEMENT

Question:- Floor inspection promotes tendency of machines to drift out of limits and produce defectives
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- How to reveal the capability of the sampling plan to discriminate between good lots and bad
lots?
Answer:- Operating characteristics curve ( OC )

Question:- What are the uses of the instruction manual provided by the manufacturer of a machine
Answer:- It • Gives instructions regarding installation and operation of the equipment, it • Contains notes on
common troubles with causes and remedies for trouble shooting, it • Enlists points for lubrication, frequency
of lubrication

Question:- What are the advantages of three dimensional models?


Answer:- Even non-technical person can use it , Overhead facilities can be shown , Can be shifted easily and
quickly
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- Which are major benefits of identifying the critical path?


Answer:- It helps to identify the set of activities and events which are critical and as such must be carefully
controlled and monitored, It identifies activities to be given preference in allocation of resources. , It helps
to exercise "control by exception".

Question:- __________ is the responsible individuals for a specific process


Answer:- Process Owner (PO)

Question:- Consumption of effort


Answer:- Posting a ledger

Question:- Information given


Answer:- Giving directions or instructions

Question:- Subtraction
Answer:- Removal of worn-out part from a machine

Question:- Change in chemical characteristic


Answer:- Chemical reaction

Question:- Freezing The MRS means


Answer:- Not allowing changes of any type to the existing schedule

Question:- What do you understand by the extent the products manufactured confon%s1o the laid down
design"?
Answer:- Quality of conformance

Question:- The Active strategy includes


Answer:- Attempts to handle fluctuations in demand by focusing on demand management, • Use pricing
strategies and/or advertising and promotion, • Develop counter-cyclical products

Question:- Delay in completion of projects result in unwelcome additions to the fixed manufacturing
expenses.
Answer:- TRUE
Question:- What are the advantages of templates over diagrams
Answer:- Can be conveniently moved on the graph paper , Less laborious , Saves time
Subject:- PRO & MANAGEMENT

Question:- Which features should be covered by the specifications of materials while defining the
qualitative requirement?
Answer:- Material composition , Dimensions , Any heat treatment if required

Question:- Which are the basic requirements of the " Quality of Design "?
Answer:- Identification of right product , Selection of appropriate features , Ensure that product renders
satisfactory service to customer

Question:- Limitations of Gantt Chart are


Answer:- The Gantt Chart is required to be updated. The Gantt Chart does not directly reveal costs of
alternate loadings, The Gantt Chart does not consider that processing times may vary among work centers

Question:- Following is one of the tasks of Production Control


Answer:- Actual issue of forms and documents

Question:- Taiichi Ohno defines waste as


Answer:- anything other than minimum amount of equipment, materials parts and working time absolutely
essential for production
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- The most typical causes of innovations that shift competitive advantage are the following
Answer:- new technologies & quality practices, • new or shifting buyer needs, emergence of a new industry
segment

Question:- These are specific interim or ultimate time-based measurements to be achieved by implementing
strategies in pursuit of the company's objectives are referred to as
Answer:- Goals

Question:- One major difference between CPM and PERT is the former's adaptability for the projects where
high degree of uncertainty prevails and activity times during performance are expected to vary
considerably for certain activities
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- Which of the following Work Measurement Techniques are data based and analytical innature
Answer:- Analytical Estimating, • Synthetic Data, • Pre-determined Motion and Time Study (PMTS)

Question:- F W Taylor devised a system for classifying motions into basic divisions called Therbligs
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- Detachable tickets is useful method of production feedback in case of


Answer:- repetitive production or where long production runs are employed

Question:- While developing a load chart, following factors should be taken into consideration
Answer:- average sickness, absenteeism,, • machines under servicing/overhauling/reconditioning,,, •
holidays during the period under review

Question:- JIT purchasing is based on the following fundamental principles


Answer:- Supplier's facilities are an extension of the buyer's own facilities, • Delivery lot size should be
just enough to satisfy immediate higher level requirement, • Rejections interrupt supply and hence must be
eliminated

Question:- Site factors for plant location include


Answer:- Suitability of land
Question:- Which of the following can be termed as operation while recording for method study?
Answer:- Information received , Addition or subtraction , Information given

Question:- inventory carrying cost is very low, if lead time is large due to distance factors
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- The process of splitting an operation or task into parts is called as ___________
Answer:- Job breakdown

Question:- _____________ is normally set to cover a minimum of cumulative lead time plus time for lot
sizing low-level components and for capacity changes of primary work centers
Answer:- Planning Horizon

Question:- JIT emphasizes multi skilling since it


Answer:- provides flexibility to the supervisor in allocation of tasks, • allows continuation of job even when
regular workman is absent, adjust crew size when production increases/decreases

Question:- Inadequate production capacity ultimately leads to


Answer:- Poor Customer Service

Question:- The plotting of activities - critical, non-critical and dummy activities- is strictly according to
their precedence relationship
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- When does location decision regarding plant arise


Answer:- Existing plant operations are difficult to expand, Major Ranges in the Industrial Policy of the
Government,
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- A ___________ Phase is the follow-up phase after the implementation which serves as a
monitoring and control mechanism during method study
Answer:- Maintanence

Question:- One of the objective of PPC is to _____________ production facilities in optimum manner
Answer:- Schedule

Question:- The Shortest processing time rule, contrary to one's intuition can produce effective performance
and should be considered as a standard in designing shop floor control system
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- Which of the following details are mentioned in the lubrication layout
Answer:- method of lubrication, lubricants to be used, frequency of lubrication

Question:- The Gantt Chart is very useful in


Answer:- Loading & scheduling

Question:- Which are the three distinct parts of the chart


Answer:- Summary, Introduction, Body

Question:- Which kind of preventive inspection detects some defects in moving parts, internal cracks, and
others , when machine is under preplanned shutdown?
Answer:- Internal inspection

Question:- A ______________ occurs when the object is moved from one place to another
Answer:- Transport

Question:- Work study is also called ____________ study


Answer:- Time and Motion

Question:- What are the drawbacks of a conventional approach of quality control as inspection and
segregation?
Answer:- Fallibility of incoming inspection , Forced concessions on account of shortages , Use of material
prior to inspection due to urgency

Subject:- PRO & MANAGEMENT

Question:- features of Cellular Layout are


Answer:- It is a type of mixed layout, facilities are group to cells, uses concept of group technology

Question:- Rarely the progress of work is in line with its plan. It is behind the schedule due to following
reasons
Answer:- Absenteeism , Machine breakdowns , Substandard performance against prefixed production
standards

Question:- The area under the normal curve at two standard deviations is __________ %
Answer:- 95.45

Question:- in the decision-making hierarchy, scheduling is usually the last step in the conversion process
before the actual output (e.g., finished goods) is produced
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- Grouping of machines gives a lot of flexibility in loading and scheduling


Answer:- TRUE

Question:- Which is the zone beyond LTPD in case of Oc curve of a general plan?
Answer:- Zone of rejection
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- The Cause-and-effect diagrams is also called as


Answer:- The Cause-and-effect diagrams is also called as

Question:- Fixed and variable asset terms are the same


Answer:- FALSE

Question:- The most commonly used methods employed to determine the critical path in case of large
networks are forward pass computation and
Answer:- Backward path computation

Question:- Following are the commonly used factors considered for evaluation of layout in factor analysis
method
Answer:- Flow of material , Equipment utilization , Working condition

Question:- Only skilled worker can use the fixed limit gauge.
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- Fixed Position Layout


Answer:- Project Layout

Question:- Product Layout


Answer:- Line Layout

Question:- Process Layout


Answer:- Functional Layout

Question:- Combined Layout


Answer:- Mixed Layout

Question:- A set of activities to keep an equipment in the specified condition is called as


____________________
Answer:- Maintenance

Question:- PAC converts plans (PAC) into action by providing the required direction
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- American Society of Mechanical Engineers and British Standard Institute have method of
recording in method study advocated ______________ symbols for graphical
Answer:- FIVE

Question:- Pricing
Answer:- Varying pricing to increase demand

Question:- Promotion
Answer:- Advertising, direct marketing etcused to shift demand

Question:- Back ordering


Answer:- By postponing delivery on current orders demand is shifted to period when capacity is not
fully utilized

Question:- New demand creation


Answer:- new, but complementary demand is created for a product or service

Question:- The _____________ phase also provides an opportunity to the practitioner to assess the
effectiveness of the approach followed by him and make changes in the methodology.
Answer:- Maintenance

Question:- Which are different ways to show critical path in a network?


Answer:- Thick Line , Red Line , Double Line
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- Which of the following manufacturing mathod has the highest fixed cost
Answer:- Jobbing production

Question:- The process of changing inputs into outputs thereby adding some value to entity can be defined
as
Answer:- Operation

Question:- Which of the following schedules are recommended to prepare and follow as a part of
preventive maintenance system?
Answer:- Preventive inspection schedule , Cleaning and upkeep schedule , Lubrication schedule

Question:- The pictorial view of control board is useful to


Answer:- know whether all machines in the workshop are engaged, • identify the machine to which no
further job has been allocated, • obtain an idea of the reserve load on a machine

Question:- Which is the ideal place to inspect jigs and fixtures in a mass manufacturing unit?
Answer:- Separate inspection room

Question:- MRS) used in MRP has been described as the aggregate plan
Answer:- "disaggregated."

Question:- Which of the following cases indicates change in physical characteristic?


Answer:- Turning , Grinding , Drilling

Question:- Each arrow representing activity is bounded by


Answer:- Two events

Question:- rural site has following advantaged over urban site


Answer:- Availability of sufficient land over reasonable cost

Question:- Quality is precise and measurable variable and differences in quality reflect differences in
quantity of some attribute of the product
Answer:- Product based definition

Question:- Quality is fitness for the purpose


Answer:- Use-based definition

Question:- Quality is conformance to requirements


Answer:- Manufacturing based definition

Question:- Quality is the value perceived by the customer


Answer:- Value based definition
Subject:- PRO & MANAGEMENT

Question:- Which are the benefits of having the plant location near to the market
Answer:- Liaison with dealers or wholesalers can be maintained economically and easily, recovery from
customers is easy and time saving, many administrative problems which cause perpetual headaches and add
to costs are avoided

Question:- A good maintenance system is not a luxury but a _____________


Answer:- Necessity

Question:- The standard that enable the scheduler to determine the machine capacity in order to assign
required machine hours and man-hours for the various operations
Answer:- Performance standards

Question:- High production volume low variety


Answer:- Product Layout
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- Low production volume high variety


Answer:- Process Layout

Question:- Grouping into families of similar product


Answer:- Cellular Layout

Question:- unit production of very large product


Answer:- Fixed Position Layout

Question:- Which kind of labour force is required in case of Jobbing Production?


Answer:- Highly Skilled

Question:- Objective of Work Study is to improve Productivity


Answer:- TRUE

Question:- Which of the following are ideal situations for the preventive inspection?
Answer:- Weekly off and holidays , Non-production hours , Stand-up equipment

Question:- Which of the following are minimum requirement for a good quality of design?
Answer:- Resonable cost , Resonable procurement time , Resonable manufacturing time

Question:- What is the basic minimum requirement for those who are responsible for the quality of design?
Answer:- In depth knowledge about alternative materials and manufacturing processes , access to latest
technology and production process adopted by industries in the developed market , Continuous effort in
product development

Question:- The common form of JIT layout is


Answer:- U-line

Question:- Which information is collected under the head conditions surrounding during time study
Answer:- dust, heat, vibrations

Question:- Production Activity Control[PAC] is an essential system for ensuring timely completion of
orders by
Answer:- starting activities in time as per plan, identifying and providing necessary resources like material,
manpower, equipment, and control action

Question:- Which method is used to trace especially those movements which are too fast for human eye to
pursue?
Answer:- Cyclegraph

Question:- Which of the following are examples of incentives offered by the Central and State
Governments for setting up industries in particular locations?
Answer:- Exemption from excise duty , Soft loans , Subsidy in electrical charges

Subject:- PRO & MANAGEMENT

Question:- the most significant key performance indicator for measuring manufacturing effectiveness
Answer:- return on assets (ROA)

Question:- A major limitation of kanban system is that


Answer:- Kanban is intrinsically a system for repetitive manufacturing. It will not succeed without
modification in non repetitive manufacturing environment

Question:- Flow process charts do record movements as well as visual picture


Answer:- FALSE

Question:- JIT was developed by Japanese management thinker


Answer:- Taiichi Ohno
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- An ideal OC curve is never possible only with cent percent inspection
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- Normal time of an activity


Answer:- Tn

Question:- Crash time of activity


Answer:- Tc

Question:- Normal cost of an activity


Answer:- Cn

Question:- Crash cost of an activity


Answer:- Cc

Question:- Areas of application of aggregate planning in services include


Answer:- Restaurants, • Hospital, • Airline

Question:- What are the benefits of overhauling?


Answer:- It increases useful life of an equipment and it's parts . Advance planning allows to attend
equipment without disturbing d production programme , Advance planning allows to prepare and keep
ready the list of replacement spares

Question:- What to inspect


Answer:- Specification

Question:- How to inspect


Answer:- Inspection devices

Question:- How much to inspect


Answer:- Sampling or cent percent inspection

Question:- When to inspect


Answer:- Stages of inspection

Question:- The __________ is a set of tools and techniques by which products are made to comply with
the specifications at minimum cost to the firm
Answer:- Quality control system

Question:- What does the additional cost incurred to reduce the duration of an activity by one unit of time
represent?
Answer:- Activity cost slope

Question:- What your process can deliver is termed as


Answer:- Process Capability

Question:- Which is the ideal place to write a time allotted for an activity in a network?
Answer:- Below the arrow

Subject:- PRO & MANAGEMENT

Question:- Minimum paperwork involves liberal use of communication channels such as


Answer:- telephone, e-mail, fax

Question:- How much time does the dummy activity take?


Answer:- Zero Time

Question:- Root cause of most of the breakdowns is failure of the lubrication system
Answer:- TRUE
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- The earliest start time of an activity equals earliest time for the event from which activity arrow
originates
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- MPS is the plan that states


Answer:- what is to be produced, • how many are to be completed, • when they are to be completed

Question:- Which of the following aspects are essential to ensure quality of purchased items?
Answer:- Defining right quality for the job , Vendor performance evaluation , Making sure that suppliers
understand the requirements

Question:- The ______________ are the definitions of the measurable as well as nonmeasurable
characteristics of the product
Answer:- Specifications

Question:- Which chart sets out the sequence of flow of work of a product, or any part of it through the
section or department or a factory by recording the events under review using appropriate symbols?
Answer:- Flow process chart

Question:- Which of the following can be subtypes of corrective maintenance?


Answer:- Shutdown Maintenance , Design-out Maintenance , Design-in Maintenance

Question:- The PDCA [ plan-do-check-act ] cycle is given by


Answer:- Deming

Question:- ____________ Indicates number of defects out of one million opportunities For defects
Answer:- sigma

Question:- Objectives of aggregate planning normally are


Answer:- to maximize customer service, • to minimize inventory investment, • to minimize changes in
production rates

Question:- Which of the following information is available in summary part in a chart during methods
study
Answer:- frequency of each symbol, total time for each symbol and total distance travelled by the object

Question:- Two extreme forms of manufacturing methods are project production and
Answer:- continuous production

Question:- Almost any member of the organization can be trained for the task in case Of work sampling
study
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- Plant layout facilitates processing of products in most effective manner through the following
Answer:- Shortest possible distance , Shortest processing time , Minimum movement

Question:- Labour turnover rate is higher in case of rural area as compared to urban area.Answer:- FALSE
Subject:- PRO & MANAGEMENT

Question:- Which of the following work measurement techniques involve the direct observations
Answer:- Time Study, • Production Study, • Work Sampling

Question:- Which kind of inspection is followed in case of product layout?


Answer:- Pilot inspection

Question:- Which of the following are examples of addition during recording for method study?
Answer:- Brazing , Welding , Riveting

Question:- A network should be progression of activities always moving forward


Answer:- TRUE
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- The status of PPC department in the company depends upon the company's manufacturing
processes
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- FMEA chart conditions include


Answer:- probability that the failure takes place (occurrence), the damage resulting from the failure
(severity), and the probability of detecting the failure in-house (detection)

Question:- The process of Validating the MPS with respect to capacity is referred to as
Answer:- rough cut capacity planning (RCCP)

Question:- rough cut capacity planning (RCCP)


Answer:- variable

Question:- Proximity to sources of raw materials is not important for small units
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- Which kind of inspection is followed in case of process layout?


Answer:- First off inspection

Question:- Following are some of the factors considered for evaluation of alternative layouts
Answer:- Flow of Material , Equipment utilization , Ease of supervision

Question:- What are the uses of failure statistics analysis?


Answer:- To forecast the defect , To identify causes of major repetitive failures , To quantify the frequency
of preventive inspection

Question:- ___________ Is expressed as the total number of units per time period that can be produced
Answer:- Capacity

Question:- FUNCTIONS OF SCHEDULING include


Answer:- Allocation of Resources, Determination of sequence of jobs Shop floor control, Specifying Start
and end time for each job/activity scheduled

Question:- Fixed costs are high for continuous process and low for intermittent process
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- Kanban system is essentially a computer based system for production scheduling and control
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- Which powerful tool is useful for the management to set equitable standards for a specified task
is a powerful tool available to them for the purpose of cost reduction and cost control
Answer:- Work measurement

Question:- which of the following is the most popular technique for project production
Answer:- PERT&CPM

Subject:- PRO & MANAGEMENT

Question:- in case of two handed process chart, inspection symbol is used when cheak by touch or feel is
involved
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- Plant location decision concern following types of organisations


Answer:- Manufacturing and survice organizations

Question:- a properly designed sampling plan can control sampling errors and completely eliminate them
Answer:- FALSE
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- which three of the following options can be used to reduce the duration of activity during project
crashing
Answer:- allocating more manpower and machines than originally planned fir, working work study for that
activity, awarding work to vendors who charge extra but expedite deliveries

Question:- which of the following may be the objectives of project crashing


Answer:- to complete the project in the least possible time, to reduce cost below it's normal cost, to achieve
uniformity in requirement of resources

Question:- an OC curve is always exclusive to a particular sampling plan and is dependent of sample size
and number of defective
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- Industries requiring gross materials are located nearer to their sources of availability
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- short cycle job should be studied for macroscopic motion


Answer:- FALSE

Question:- which is the most suitable techniques for selecting the optimal manufacturing method
Answer:- Break even analysis

Question:- a centiminute is equivalent t ______________ Minutes


Answer:- 0.01

Question:- which of the following factors govern the duration of the work sampling study
Answer:- accuracy desired, objective, number of observers

Question:- for the organisation, Strengths and weaknesses under swot analysis should be
Answer:- internal

Question:- duties of production manager includes


Answer:- devising efficient methods of manufacturing , improve labour productivity, efficient utilization of
resources

Question:- the jit philosophy focuses on reducing


Answer:- lead time, set up time, expenditure on inventory

Question:- which of the following are steps to identify the critical path in a small network
Answer:- compare the durations of all paths to identify the longest path, sum up the durations of activities
along each path, enumerate all paths in the network and list down activities on each path

Question:- __________ uses estimate arrival rates and service rates to calculate an optimum staffing
plan
Answer:- Queuing theory

Question:- which of the following situation demand that the human consideration should be given
preference over other considerations
Answer:- inconsistent earning where the earnings are tied to output, poor morale evidenced by pretty or
trival complaints, repeated cases of accidents and health hazards

Subject:- PRO & MANAGEMENT

Question:- the main contents of inspection order are


Answer:- part no & name, reason for rejection, type of inspection

Question:- minimization of production delays


Answer:- objective of good layout
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- maximum visibility


Answer:- principle of good layout

Question:- scale model


Answer:- Fayout analysis

Question:- factor analysis


Answer:- method to evaluate layouts

Question:- what do you understand by the critical analysis of existing jobs to develop easier and effective
method
Answer:- method study

Question:- which element of a network represents a task which has got a definite beginning and definite
end
Answer:- activity

Question:- work study is concerned with


Answer:- improvement of productivity

Question:- what do you mean by the graphical representation of the project which is composed arrows and
circles to describe the interrelationship of the activities involved
Answer:- network

Question:- all activities are scheduled from the date of planned receipt date, in case of
Answer:- backward scheduling

Question:- how to calculate the producer risk in the oc curve?


Answer:- probability that a good lot will be rejected by the sampling

Question:- When elemental sequence can vary from job to job, cumulative method is the only choice
Answer:- FALSE

Question:- ____________ Is The application of statistical methods to analyse data, study and
monitor3rocess capability and performance
Answer:- Statical Process Control

Question:- how incentive is important apart from rewarding the more productive workers
Answer:- it helps the company to reduce the cost of the goods it manufactures

Question:- production planning includes


Answer:- predetermination of manufacturing requirements

Question:- which of the following policies is advisable in case of low product variety and large volumes
Answer:- low skilled labour & special purpose machine

Question:- the master black belts are


Answer:- highly trained in statistics, highly trained in quantitative analysis, having exellentt leadership skill

Question:- an activity should represent an operation or set of operations which can be performed using a
particular kind of equipment or a special skill
Answer:- TRUE

Question:- the master schedule usually covers 6 weeks to


Answer:- 12 weeks

Question:- which phase of method study is concered with analysing the facts critically geneiating
alternatives which form the basis for selection and development of improved methods
Answer:- critical examination
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question:- Edward Hay defines waste as


Answer:- anything other than the absolute minimum resource of material, machines and manpower
required adding value to the product

Question:- degree of centralization of PPC depends on the following factor


Answer:- large product variety, large work force, different with differet capacities products

Question:- how is the probability of acceptance in case of Acceptable quality level (AQL)?
Answer:- very high

Question:- some of main benefits of six sigma are


Answer:- • Defect free product or service, • Lower warranty costs, • Lower production costs

Question:- production planning is a centralized activity which includes functions such as _____________
Answer:- scheduling

Question:- what is the name of the document on which details of the process are recorded by the symbols
and charting conventions
Answer:- charts

Question: - Six Sigma was pioneered in the year Answer:


- 1986

Question: - ____________ determines how company will address requirements by the most
appropriate use of resources available.
Answer: - Manufacturing Strategy

Question: - Which unit of measurement is used in case of Methods Time Measurement?


Answer: - TMU

Question: - Which of the following situations highlights the need of proximity of plant location to
sources of raw material?
Answer: - If raw materials are of perishable nature ; If raw materials are expensive to transport; If
weight of raw materials is substantially reduced after processing

Question: - A ___________ occurs when the object is moved from one place to another.
Answer: - Transport

Question: - In case of two handed process chart, inspection symbol is used when check by touch or
feel is involved.
Answer: - TRUE
Question: - Which are the advantages of suburban location?
Answer: - Availability of adequate land at lower cost; Both skilled and unskilled labour can be
available; Plant expansion is easier due to less or no restriction for building and construction

Question: - Flow process charts do record movements as well as visual pictures.


Answer: - FALSE
Question: - Which kind of inspection is followed in case of product layout? Answer: -
Pilot inspection.

Question: - The strategy that seeks to produce an aggregate plan that maintains a steady
production rate and/ or steady employment level is referred to as
Answer: -level Strategy
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question: - Cent percent inspection is a must if the inspection is of destructive nature. Answer:
- FALSE

Question: - Cent percent inspection is required on WIP prior to the key, critical or costly operation.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - Match The Following


• Master Production Schedule [MPS J : - A specific statement of exactly what, usually in
terms of individual end items or product models , will be produced in each time period.
• Manufacturing Resource Planning [MRP IIJ : - Provides simulation capabilities and cost
information for other functional areas of the business.
• Capacity Requirements Planning [CRP J : - Uses routine sheets and labour standards
to develop time-phased estimates of capacity requirements based on planned order
releases.
• Planning Horizon : - Normally set to cover a minimum of cumulative lead time plus
time for lot sizing low-level components and for capacity changes of primary work
centres.

Question: - Regular lubrication with carefully selected lubricants is an essential factor in the
maintenance of high grade machine tools working under continuous load.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - The mission, objectives, values, strategies and goals as key steps towards a strategic plan,
should be consistent and Answer:
- Interlinked

Question: - What is the nature of the sampling plan for critical defects? Answer:
- Tight

Question: - Manufacturing strategies generally address issues including


Answer: - Manufacturing Capacity ; Production Facilities ; Use of Technology

Question: - What does head of an arrow represent?


Answer: - End of an activity

Question: - We can say that ________________ occurs when there is a distinct change in the
physical or chemical characteristic of an object..
Answer: - Operation

Question: - __________ is computed by subtracting the sum of set up and processing times from the
time remaining until the job's due date.
Answer: - Slack

Question: - The cost of appraisal and the cost of prevention is called


Answer: - Cost of conformance

Question: - ATP quantities are the quantities of MPS items that are scheduled as a part of the MPS ,
but have not been allocated to specific demands and are still available to satisfy new demands or
demand configuration changes.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - How many of the following are types of specification?


Answer: - Material specifications; Dimensional specifications performance specifications

Question: - Following are the commonly used factors considered for evaluation of layout in factor
analysis method
Answer: - Flow of material ; Equipment utilization; Working condition
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question: - The process of Production Planning and Control includes


Answer: - Planning production in advance ; Release production order ; Follow up progress

Question: - The actions to be taken in MPS are


Answer: - Make a preliminary MPS; Perform rough-cut capacity planning; Resolve differences

Question: - The process of splitting an operation or task into parts is called as Answer:
- Job breakdown

Question: - __________ indicates number of defects out of one million opportunities for
Answer: - Defects per million opportunities (DPMO)

Question: - What performance is required of the company and what approaches it will take
to competition and growth is called ___________________
Answer: - Corporate Strategy

Question: - What are the uses of failure statistics analysis?


Answer: - To forecast the defect; To identify causes of major repetitive failures ; To quantify the
frequency of preventive inspection

Question: - Which of the following information is available in summary part in a chart during
methods study?
Answer: - Frequency of each symbol ; Total time for each symbol ; Total distance traveled by the
object

Question: - Work In Process inventory in case of Jobbing Production is ________________ if


compared to Continuous Production.
Answer: - very large

Question: - The most typical causes of innovations that shift competitive advantage are as follows
Answer: - New technologies and quality practices; new or shifting buyer needs ; Emergence
of new industry segment.

Question: - Delay is indicated by ____________ during recording for method study.


Answer: - Letter Dee

Question: -___________ is an ability to produce and deliver finished goods just


in time to be sold , subassemblies just in time to be assembled1 into finished goods and
purchased materials just in time to be transformed into fabricated parts.
Answer: - JIT

Question: - A time phased order system that under ideal circumstances schedules the order releases
for needed demand inventory items so that the items arrive just as they are required , is known as
Answer: - Material Requirements Planning (MRP)

Question: - Organization structure for Production Department should normally be Answer: -


Tailor made

Question: - What do you mean by the time allowed to an operator to carry out a specified task under
specific conditions and at a defined level of performance?
Answer: - Standard time

Question: - Match The Following


• Minimization of production delays : - Objective of good layout
• Maximum visibility : - Principles of good layout
• Scale model : - Layout analysis
• Factor Analysis :- Method to evaluate layouts
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question: - Which of the following is not the characteristic of Project Production?


Answer: - Continuous flow of material ; Highly mechanized material handling ; Virtually zero
manufacturing cycle time

Question: - Six Sigma uses proactive thinking.


Answer: - TRUE

Question: - Function concerned with fixation of time allowed to qualified worker for a job is
called ____________________
Answer: - Work Measurement

Question: - Production Activity Control [PAC ] js not related with Shop Floor Control [SFC ]
Answer: - FALSE

Question: - In case of centralized inspection, inspection rooms generally become bottleneck and
cause delay in taking action regarding rejection or rework.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - Which of the following work measurement techniques are data based and analytical in
nature?
Answer: - Analytical estimating; Synthetic data; Predetermined motion and time study

Question: - The ________________ is a very fine work measurement technique whereby the time
required to do a job is synthesized by combining the predetermined times for different
elements of the job.
Answer: - Pre-determined Motion & time Study

Question: - When elemental sequence can vary form job to job, the cumulative method is the only
choice.
Answer: - FALSE

Question: - Cent percent inspection is a must if the inspection is of destructive nature. Answer: -
FALSE

Question: - Operation process charts though indicate the sequence of events, do not show movements.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - ___________ are used to create histograms such as shown on the Pareto chart.
Answer: - Check sheets

Question:- In MPS; the following need to be clearly understood about the quantities;
Answer: - The quantities represent production", not demand. ; The quantities may consist of
combination of customer order and demand forecasts; the quantities represent what needs to be
produced; not what can be produced.

Question: - Which of the following are characteristics of Process Production?


Answer: - Special purpose machines with built in controls ; Highly mechanized material handling ;
Virtually zero manufacturing cycle time

Question: - The Master Schedule usually covers 6 weeks to


Answer: - 12 Weeks

Question: - Match The Following

Henry Ford : - Mass production


L D Miles : - Value Engineering .
LH C Tippet :- Work Sampling .
F W Harris : - EOQ
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question: - Main objective of a good plant layout is


Answer: - Reduce material handling cost

Question: - A ____________ occurs when the object is moved from one place to another.
Answer: - Transport

Question: - Which of the following are uses of the lubricants?


Answer: - Retard rate of wear and tear of moving parts ; Protect parts from moisture and dust ; Keep
temperature of bearings within allowable limits

Question: - Management often fails to realize the importance of efficient layout due to following reason
Answer: - Losses resulting from poor layout are not directly shown in the financial statements

Question: - What is represented by an arrow in a network?


Answer: - Activity

Question: - The cost of quality can be divided into following areas : -


Answer: - Appraisal cost [ Inspection ]; Prevention Cost ; Failure Cost & Hidden Cost

Question: - The current issues under manufacturing strategy are : Answer:


- Low Cost Countries [ LCCs ] ; Outsourcing Manufacturing ; Mass customization

Question: - An OC curve is always exclusive to a particular sampling plan and is dependent


of sample size and number of defectives.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - Which of the following factors related to the labour and wages are considered while deciding
the plant location? .
Answer: - Prevailing wage pattern; productivity of labour; industrial relations

Question: - The following options can be used to increase or decrease capacity to match current demand
Answer: - Casual Labour; Cross Training ; Inventory

Question: - In cellular layout the facilities are grouped together in cell which are able to
p e r f o r m _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ t y p e o f o p e r a t i o n f o r a g r o u p o f p r o d u c t s . Answer: -
Similar

Question: - Which is the most commonly used technique of pre-determined motion and time study?
Answer: - Methods Time Measurement

Question: - If a Kanban size is too small, the result will be Answer:


- Under stocking

Question: - Match The Following


• Process Planning : - Route Sheet
• Progressing : - Collection of data
• Order Acceptance : - Register
• Capacity Planning : - Estimation of requirement of resources

Question: - The rule Least Setup [ LSU ] minimizes utilization.


Answer: - FALSE

Question: - Grouping of machines gives a lot of flexibility in loading and scheduling


Answer: - TRUE

Question: - ________________ assumes that capacity is infinite at any work centre.


Answer: - Infinite Loading
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question: - Which phase of method study is concerned with analyzing the facts critically, generating
alternatives which form the basis for selection and development of improved methods?
Answer: - Critical examination

Question: - Two well-known timing methods are cumulative method and _______________________
Answer: - Fly back method

Question: - Simple processes or activities can be recorded with the help of the ________________
Answer: - Foregoing symbols

Question: - Material flow in process layout is ________________


Answer: - Discontinuous

Question: - What do you understand by identification of defects in materials, components,


machining processes or men to fix responsibility of defectives, thereby preventing or minimizing
occurrence of defectives? Answer: -
Preventive function

Question: - The diagram that is used to separate value added from non-value-added steps in a process,
is known as
Answer: - Opportunity flow diagram

Question: - Aggregate plans are tactical plans. Answer:


- TRUE

Question: - FEMA chart conditions include


Answer: - Probability that the failure takes place [Occurrence] ; Damage resulting from the
Failure (severity) probability of detecting failure in house (detection)

Question: - Which of the following details are mentioned in the lubrication layout?
Answer: - Lubricants to be used ; Method of lubrication ; Frequency of lubrication

Question: - Which is the economical technique to measure delays and interruption incidental to the
work?
Answer: - Work sampling technique

Question: - CPM/PERT are


Answer: - Network based techniques

Question: - Freezing of MPS means


Answer: - Not allowing changes of any type to the existing schedule.

Question: - Review of project progress periodically and expediting if required is called as


_____________________
Answer: - Project Monitoring

Question: The ___________ is the probability that a bad lot will be accepted by the sampling plan.
Answer: - Consumer's risk

Question: - The dispatching function is of little importance in flow and mass production units as the
dispatcher's work is merely limited to the dispatch of materials necessary to manufacture the
product.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - Availability of training schools, colleges and management institutes reduces the
company's internal training needs.
Answer: - TRUE
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question: - Since recording by descriptive method has it's limitations, it is not recommended for use
in method study.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - The ____________ analysis emphasizes building competencies , resources and decision
making into a firm such that it continues to thrive in changing environment.
Answer: - Internal

Question: - Which of the following are illustrations of inspection?


Answer; - Physical count of incoming material against the quantity mentioned in
delivery Challan; A dimension check with measuring instrument; Visual check of burrs and finish

Question: - The programs as a key step towards a strategic plan; should cover
Answer:- Resources; Objectives; Time scales

Question: - Scheduling means when and in what sequence, the work will be done.
Answer: -TRUE

Question: - Multiplication of theoretical capacity by the average utilization index yields


Answer: - Net available capacity per period

Question: - Adam Smith advocated the concept of


Answer: - Division of Labour

Question: - Fixed cost is lower in case of continuous production than intermittent production Answer:
- FALSE

Question: - Match The Following


• Scheduling: - Activity concerned with looking at events that will occur in the future.
• Dispatching: - Activity that attempts to control the present events.
• Monitoring: - Activity that attempts to provide analysis of the present and past
activities.
• Moving & Producing: - Activities that help to implement present events.

Question: - The purpose of MPS can be stated in following lines


Answer: - To establish the production schedule for the specific models/options of products. ; To
provide the schedule input for the MRP process . ; To provide the schedule used by Order processing
to acknowledge delivery dates for current and new orders

Question: - Proper care and storage is not an essential part of a well planned lubrication system.
Answer: - FALSE

Question: - Which chart sets out the sequence of flow of work of a product, or any part of it through
the section or department or a factory by recording the events under review using appropriate
symbols? Answer: -
Flow process chart

Question: - The middle compartment of Control Board contains the copy of work order/shop order
of the item , Answer: - To
be processed next on the machine

Question: - What do you mean by lowest, possible direct cost required to complete an
activity within it's normal time?
Answer: - Normal cost

Question: - The function Scheduling is concerned with following activities


Answer: - Preparation of machine load ; Fixation of -dates for start of jobs ; Dispatch schedule
of regular items
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question: - Using the _______________ system, the quantity stored in racks is calculated
considering replenishment interval and forecast demand, the racks are continuously replenished
from storage area at predetermined intervals.
Answer: - KAN BAN

Question: - The JIT purchasing aims at


Answer: - Eliminating waste in the purchase process ; Eliminating waste at supplier's end. ;
Eliminating purchased inventory

Question: - How much time does the dummy activity take?


Answer: - Zero Time

Question: - How many charting conventions are used to record facts relating to job under method study?
Answer: - Eight

Question: - The event numbers generally reflect the logical relationships of the activities. Answer:
- TRUE

Question: - Process planning helps increase cycle time and defects while recognizing the value of
individual contributions.
Answer: - FALse

Question: - The ______________ breakdowns usually cost more, partly due to damage done to the
adjustment components and partly due to emergency actions.
Answer: - Unexpected

Question: - The strategy that seeks to produce an aggregate plan that maintains a steady
production rate and/ or steady employment level is referred to as
Answer: -level Strategy

Question: - Cent percent inspection is a must if the inspection is of destructive nature. Answer:
- FALSE

Question: - Cent percent inspection is required on WIP prior to the key, critical or costly operation.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - Match The Following


• Master Production Schedule [MPS J : - A specific statement of exactly what, usually in
terms of individual end items or product models , will be produced in each time period.
• Manufacturing Resource Planning [MRP IIJ : - Provides simulation capabilities and cost
information for other functional areas of the business.
• Capacity Requirements Planning [CRP J : - Uses routine sheets and labour standards
to develop time-phased estimates of capacity requirements based on planned order
releases.
• Planning Horizon : - Normally set to cover a minimum of cumulative lead time plus
time for lot sizing low-level components and for capacity changes of primary work
centres.

Question: - Regular lubrication with carefully selected lubricants is an essential factor in the
maintenance of high grade machine tools working under continuous load.
Answer: - TRUE
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question: - The mission, objectives, values, strategies and goals as key steps towards a strategic plan,
should be consistent and Answer:
- Interlinked

Question: - What is the nature of the sampling plan for critical defects? Answer:
- Tight

Question: - Manufacturing strategies generally address issues including


Answer: - Manufacturing Capacity ; Production Facilities ; Use of Technology

Question: - What does head of an arrow represent?


Answer: - End of an activity

Question: - We can say that ________________ occurs when there is a distinct change in the
physical or chemical characteristic of an object..
Answer: - Operation

Question: - __________ is computed by subtracting the sum of set up and processing times from the
time remaining until the job's due date.
Answer: - Slack

Question: - The cost of appraisal and the cost of prevention is called


Answer: - Cost of conformance

Question: - ATP quantities are the quantities of MPS items that are scheduled as a part of the MPS ,
but have not been allocated to specific demands and are still available to satisfy new demands or
demand configuration changes.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - How many of the following are types of specification?


Answer: - Material specifications; Dimensional specifications performance specifications

Question: - Following are the commonly used factors considered for evaluation of layout in factor
analysis method
Answer: - Flow of material ; Equipment utilization; Working condition

Question: - The process of Production Planning and Control includes


Answer: - Planning production in advance ; Release production order ; Follow up progress

Question: - The actions to be taken in MPS are


Answer: - Make a preliminary MPS; Perform rough-cut capacity planning; Resolve differences

Question: - The process of splitting an operation or task into parts is called as Answer:
- Job breakdown

Question: - __________ indicates number of defects out of one million opportunities for
Answer: - Defects per million opportunities (DPMO)

Question: - What performance is required of the company and what approaches it will take
to competition and growth is called ___________________
Answer: - Corporate Strategy

Question: - What are the uses of failure statistics analysis?


Answer: - To forecast the defect; To identify causes of major repetitive failures ; To quantify the
frequency of preventive inspection
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question: - The status of PPC department in a company depends on company's manufacturing


processes.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - In a hospital inputs are _____________ and outputs are cured patients.
Answer: - Patients

Question: - An OC curve is always exclusive to a particular sampling plan and is dependent of sample
size and number of defectives. Answer: -
TRUE

Question: - A __________________ is one of the techniques of work measurement to establish a time


for a qualified worker to carry out a specified task under specified conditions and at the
defined level of performance.
Answer: - Time Study

Question: - Objective of Work Study is to improve Productivity.


Answer: - TRUE

Question: - _____________ is the card prepared by the dispatching section of PPC from the route laid down
in the process sheet and is handed over to the operator as his authority to carry out the task specified
therein. Answer: - Job Card

Question: - The bottom compartment of Control Board contains the copy of work order/ shop order of
the item Answer: -
Arranged one after another in the sequence in which they are to be processed

Question: - Production Activity Control (PAC) converts plans into action by providing required direction.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - The work involved in Production Activity Control [ PAC ] are


Answer: - To have activities performed as planned. ; To report on operating results ; To revise plan to
achieve desired results.

Question: - Quality Function Deployment [QFD] is a three step process : -


Answer: - Quality Design ; Detailed Design ; Process Deployment

Question: - Which kind of preventive inspection detects some defects in moving parts, internal
cracks, and others, when machine is under preplanned shutdown?
Answer: - Internal inspection

Question: - The computerized aggregate planning system that incorporates a broad range of actual planning
conditions is termed as Answer: -
Functional Objective Search [ FOS ]

Question; - Which are the different types of flow process charts used for method study?
Answer: - Equipment type ; Man type ; Material type

Question: - Match The Following


• Capacity Plan : - Which makes sure that there is enough overall capacity to meet long-
term demand
• Aggregate Plan : - Which shows the overall production for families of products ,
typically by 3 to 18 months at each location.
• Master Production Schedule : - Which shows a detailed timetable of production for each
product typically by week.
• Short-term schedule : - Which shows a detailed timetable for jobs , equipment, people
and other resources typically by day
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question: - Machining cells in place of conventional batch system result in


Answer: - Lowering of labour work content; Simplification of material flow ; Minimum response
time

Question: - ---------------- is a series of time intervals that specifies what types of order changes are
allowed.
Answer: - Time Fence

Question: - What do you mean by the standards based on past experience?


Answer: - Informal Standards

Question: - Which of the following factors related to the labour and wages are considered while
deciding the plant location?
Answer: - Prevailing wage pattern ; Productivity of labour ; Industrial relations

Question: - In management prospective, Kanban is a visual indicator that triggers replenishment of


item , such as
Answer: - Card ; Bin ; Rack

Question:- A way of scheduling the ordering or production of parts-or raw 'materials so that they will
be available when needed to meet the master schedule , is known as
Answer: - Material Requirements Planning [ MRP ]

Question: - --------------- uses estimate arrival rates and service rates to calculate an optimum staffing
plan. Answer: -
Queuing Theory

Question: - Kanban is a
Answer: - Queue limitation device.

Question: - Activities of tool control includes the following


Answer: - Preparation of estimates of jigs and fixtures

Question: - Six Sigma uses proactive thinking.


Answer: - TRUE

Question: - Which of the following factors decide the choice between the cent percent and sampling
inspection?
Answer: - Nature of inspection ; Natural tolerance versus design tolerance ; Vendor's quality rating

Question: - American Society of Mechanical Engineers and British Standard Institute have advocated
______________ symbols for graphical method of recording in method study
Answer: - Five

Question: - No machine should be scheduled for its 100% effective capacity because if a rush order
comes in , scheduling has to be changed to allow rush order to be put through the shops. Answer: -
TRUE

Question: - The product layout has the following disadvantage


Answer: - Layout is not flexible

Question: - Major contributors in the development of Control Charts, Sampling plan are
Answer: - F H Dodge; H G Roming; Walter Schewhart

Question: - What do you understand by totality of features and characteristics of a product or


service that bears on it's ability to satisfy the customer?
Answer: - Quality
Question: - A network should employ only those dummy activities which are absolutely necessa
Answer: - TRUE
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question: - The ___________ results when all preceding and succeeding activities occur the earliest
event time Answer: -
Free float

Question: - Shape of an OC curve is a function of sample size and the acceptance number. Answer:
- TRUE

Question: - Which .are the distinguished features of TQM ?


Answer: - Covers all kinds of industries; Gradual removal interdepartmental barriers;
continuous improvement

Question:- External factors affecting scheduling are


Answer: - Customer's demand; Customer's delivery dates; Stock of goods laying with dealers and retailers

Question: - Unlike the time study, the observer does not need to undergo long periods of training in
case of work sampling. Answer: -
TRUE

Question: - The following are the objectives of MRS. : -


Answer: - To set due dates for the availability of end items. ; To provide information regarding
resources and materials required to support the aggregate plan. ; To set specific production schedules
for parts and components used in end items as an input to MRP.

Question: - Dispatching function is not a part of Production Planning.


Answer: - TRUE

Question: - Which are three different times considered in PERT?


Answer: - Most likely time; Optimistic Time; Pessimistic time

Question: - How critical activities are shown in the time chart during project scheduling?
Answer: - Solid lines

Question: - Match The Following


• Master Production Schedule [MRS] : - A specific statement of exactly what, usually in
terms of individual end items or product models, will be produced in each time period.
• Manufacturing Resource Planning [MRP II]: - Provides simulation capabilities and cost
information for other functional areas of the business.
• Capacity Requirements Planning [CRP]: - Uses routine sheets and labour standards to
develop time-phased estimates of capacity requirements based on planned order
releases.
• Planning Horizon: - Normally set to cover a minimum of cumulative lead time plus time
for lot sizing low-level components and for capacity changes of primary work centres.

Question: - Which is the most suitable technique for selecting optimal manufacturing method?
Answer: - Break Even Analysis

Question: - Production Planning is the series of related and coordinated activities designed to
systematize in advance the
Answer: - manufacturing

Question: -“The priority planning, shop floor control and scheduling elements ultimately
determine the performance of the production system " . This was stated by
Answer: - Vollpnan

Question: - DMAIC performs following functions


Answer: - Defines project goals and customer [ internal & external ] deliverables; Measures the
process to determine current performance; Improves the process by eliminating defects.
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question: - Latest finishing date is the latest event time of the tail event.
Answer: - FALSE

Question: - _____________ is a technique through which it is possible to identify which of an


available set of jobs to process next on an available resource. Answer:
- Dispatching

Question: - Mixed layouts are generally used in case the product is to be produced in different
sizes / types: contains too many components.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - Labour turnover rate is higher in case of rural area as compared to urban area.
Answer: - FALSE
Subject:- PRO MANAGEMENT 18

Question: - Feasibility of time schedule requires that an activity be scheduled before any of it's
predecessors are scheduled.
Answer: - FALSE

Question: - A management commitment to produce certain volumes of finished products in


particular time periods in the future is referred to as
Answer: - Master Production Schedule [MPS]

Question: - The ____________ may be viewed as maximum leeway available to an activity when all
preceding activities occur at the earliest start time and all succeeding activities occur at the latest start
time. Answer: - Total
float

Question: - Which is the ideal place to write a description of an activity in a network?


Answer: - Above the arrow

Question: - While following key steps towards a strategic plan , the third step is to state business
____________ in terms of results it needs/wants to achieve in medium / long term.
Answer: - Objectives

Question: - A ____________ helps to determine the time required by the operator to complete a
specified task for the defined method at the defined pace of performance.
Answer: - Work measurement

Question: - Which are the first three steps of Critical Path Analysis technique? Answer:
- Activity relationships ; Activity identification ; Network construction

Question: - Which are major benefits of identifying the critical path?


Answer: - It helps to identify the set of activities and events which are critical and as such must be
carefully controlled and monitored ; It identifies activities to be given preference in allocation of
resources. ; It helps to exercise "control by exception".

Question: - Both, preventive and breakdown maintenance work must be assigned to the same team.
Answer: - FALSE

Question: - Core competence is discussed by


Answer: - Pralahad and Hamel

Question: - Which are the various reasons for which operator is away from the place of work
ultimately increasing the idle time of the machine?
Answer: - Personal needs; Official discussion; Activities related to union or society
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question: - Progressing function involves following activities Answer:


- Keeping watch on flow of materials and recognition of delay and interruptions ; Taking steps
to rush up the remaining operations ; Communicating possible delay to customer , if required.

Question: - An approach to scheduling that toes to take capacity utilization into account, is
known as
Answer: - Loading

Question: - In case of Batch Production , when batches are small, ________________________is the
ratio of direct workers to supervisors, and vice versa.
Answer: - Lower

Question: - In backward scheduling , first activity is scheduled first.


Answer: - FALSE

Question: - The ________________ is a set of tools and techniques by which products are made
to comply with the specifications at minimum cost to the firm.
Answer: - Quality control system

Question: - Match The Following


• Pricing : - Varying prices to increase demand
• Promotion : - Advertising , Direct Marketing etc used to shift demand
• Back Ordering : - By postponing delivery on current orders , demand is shifted to
period when capacity is not fully utilized
• New demand creation : - A new but complementary demand is created for a period or
service

Question: - A good maintenance system is not a luxury but a


Answer: - Necessity

Question: - Which is the zone beyond LTPD in case of Oc curve of a general plan? Answer:
- Zone of rejection

Question: - Which information is collected under the head "Work variations" during time study?
Answer: - Type of fit ; Hardness of material ; Shape of a job

Question: - The ratio of selling costs to sales generally decreases with distance.
Answer: - FALSE

Question: - Match The Following


• Capacity Plan : - Which makes sure that there is enough overall capacity to meet long-
term demand
• Aggregate Plan : - Which shows the overall production for families of products ,
typically by 3 to 18 months at each location.
• Master Production Schedule:- which shows a detailed timetable of production for
each product typically by week
• Short-term schedule :- which shows a detailed timetable for jobs , equipment, people
and other resources typically by day

Question: - In infinite loading, capacity constraints are ignored.


Answer: - TRUE

Question: - Which of the following policies is advisable in case of low product variety and large
volumes?
Answer: - Low Skilled Labour & Special Purpose Machines

Question:- The main requirements of strategic plan are as follows


Answer: - It should assist benchmarking; It should assist performance monitoring; Stimulate
change and become building block for next plan .
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question: - The project on-hand inventory is calculated mathematically from the following
parameters.
Answer: - MPS quantity due in week ; Forecast of orders in a week ; Customer orders already
booked for shipment in a week.

Question: - The aggregate planning strategies comprise of Answer: -


Active Strategy ; Passive Strategy ; Mixed Strategy

Question: - The mission, objectives, values, strategies and goals as key steps towards a strategic plan,
should be consistent and Answer: -
Interlinked

Question: - What do you understand by inspection conducted on all jobs received back from a
customer as defectives?
Answer: - Appraisal inspection

Question: - The planning of production activities is referred to as


Answer: - Scheduling

Question: - Repetitive movements between work stations which are difficult to be traced on string
diagrams can be conveniently shown on flow diagrams.
Answer: - FALSE

Question: - What do you mean by planned corrective maintenance which provides an opportunity to
undertake design modifications in the equipment to eliminate or reduce frequency of breakdowns?
Answer: - Design-
out Maintenance

Question: - Root causes of many failures in meeting planned production can be attributed to poor
medium / long range planning.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - What do you mean by the preventive maintenance by using five human senses? Answer:
- Preventive inspection

Question: - Start or finish points of activities is represented by ____________________________


Answer: - Event

Question: - Which of the following cases indicate that the operation has occurred?
Answer: - Movement of components to assembly section; Raw material movement; A worker's trip to
grinder to sharpen the tools

Question: - Which of the following manufacturing methods has the highest fixed cost?
Answer: - Continuous production

Question: - Match the following


• Quality is precise and measurable variable and differences in quality reflects differences
in quantity of some attribute of the product.: - Product base definition
• Quality is fitness for the purpose.: - Use based definition
• Quality is conformance to the requirements:- Manufacturing based definition
• Quality is value perceived by the customer:- Value based definition

Question: - A ___________________ is one of the techniques of work measurement to establish a time


for a qualified worker to carry out a specified task under specified conditions and at the defined level
of performance Answer: - Time
Study
EDUCATION LUCK POM 09802343890

Question: - Fewest Operations Remaining [ FOR ] is the variant of ' Shortest Processing Time (SPT) '
Answer: - TRUE

Question: Production Activity Control [PAC] is the process by which manufacturing resources are
Answer: - Coordinated; Scheduled; Controlled

Question: - The process of Production Planning and Control includes


Answer: - Planning production in advance; Release production order; Follow up progress

Question: - Which of the following are ideal situations for the preventive inspection? Answer: -
Weekly off and holidays ; Non-production hours ; Stand-up equipment

Question: - A good plant layout helps in


Answer: - Reducing handling costs

Question: - ________________ assumes that capacity is infinite at any work centre.


Answer: - Infinite Loading

Question: - Site selection should also take into account topography and soil structure of the land.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - Production is a ________________ by which goods and services are produced.


Answer: - Process

Question: - Which of the following are important considerations concerning activity times? Answer:
- Activity time should be obtained from the person responsible for the completion of an activity ;
Activity time must be independent of any influence which the preceding or succeeding activity may
have on it. ; Activity time may assume that just the normal quantity of resources required to carry
out the activity are available

Question: - Which of the following is the most popular technique for Project Production? Answer:
- PERT & CPM

Question: - In case of batch production, when batches are small, ____________________ is the ratio of
direct workers to supervisors, and vice versa.
Answer: - Lower

Question: - Capacity decisions have a. direct influence on performance of production system in respect of
__________________________
Answer: -"Delivery performance

Question:- Which of the following information is collected during time study?


Answer: - Identification details; Work variations ; Working conditions

Question: - What do you mean by the study of repetitive short cycle operations which involve quick
hand / feet motions? Answer: -
Micro motion study

Question: - Which information is collected under the head "Work variations" during time study?
Answer: - Type of fit ; Hardness of material ; Shape of a job

Question: - Which of the following are characteristics of an operating characteristics curve? Answer: -
Producer risk ; Consumer Risk ; Acceptable Quality Level

Question: - Taiichi Ohno defines waste as


Answer: - Anything other than minimum amount of equipment, materials , parts and working time
absolutely essential for production
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Question: - Each arrow representing activity is bounded by ______________________________


Answer: - Two events

Question: - The contents of Kanban system are


Answer: - Part name & number ; Kanban Number ; Bin Card Number

Question: - Management of Production System is essentially concerned with Management of


Productivity.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - Kanban system is essentially a computer based system for production scheduling and
control.
Answer: - FALSE

Question: - Industries requiring gross materials are located nearer to their sources of availability.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - What can be the worst effect due to excessive vibration?


Answer: - Breakdown

Question: - The production planning process leads from an aggregate plan , to master schedule,
to
Answer: - Material Requirements Planning [ MRP ]

Question: - Operations has a history of being strategically neglected , as compared with finance ,
marketing and product development
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - Match the following


• Expected time: Te
• Optimistic time : - a
• Most likely time : - m
• Pessimistic time : - b

Question:- Cent percent inspection is a must if the inspection is of destructive nature.


Answer: - FALSE

Question: - Three time estimates are transformed into expected time before using it into a network.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - The realistic vision is built as a pen picture of business in three or more years time , in
terms of Answer:
- Physical appearance ; Size ; Activities

Question: - The _____________________ generally withdraws required quantity of material from


stores and delivers it to the machine where first operation is to be performed , well before the
scheduled start of the job.
Answer: - Dispatcher

Question: - Edward Hay defines waste as


Answer: - Anything other than the absolute minimum resource of material , machines and manpower
required adding value to the product.

Question: - High ROA indicates that the profit margin is


Answer: - High
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Question: - The mission, objectives, values, strategies and goals as key steps towards a strategic plan,
should be consistent and Answer: -
Interlinked

Question: - After preparing tentative MPS, _________________ is used to check out feasibility of
master schedule with respect to available manpower and machinery capacities, storage spaces and
vendor capabilities.
Answer: - Rough Cut Capacity Planning

Question: - The scheduling chart with horizontal rows representing jobs or resources to be
scheduled and vertical divisions representing time periods is known as
Answer: - Gantt Chart

Question:- _______________________ is a statistical methodology used for determining the cause-


and-effect relationship between process variables [ Xs ] and the output variable [ Y ] Answer: -
Design of experiments [ DOE ]

Question: - Which of the following cases can be referred as operation in method study recording?
Answer: - Change in physical characteristic; Consumption of physical effort; Change in chemical
characteristic

Question: - What do you mean by the standards based on past experience?


Answer: - Informal Standards

Question: - What are uses of diagrams in method study?


Answer: - Study different plant layouts and select the most optimum one; Study the extent of traffic
over the different routes of the plant; Identify the extent of backtracking, cross traffic and obstacles
encountered during the movement of material.

Question: - If total float is used up on activity, that activity and subsequent activities in the chain
become critical.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - Activities whose earliest finish times and latest finish times are not equal constitutes the
critical path.
Answer: - FALSE

Question: - The ___________ is the maximum percentage defective that for the purpose of
sampling inspection can be considered satisfactory as a process average.
Answer: - Acceptable quality level

Question:- Match the following


 Henry ford:- Mass production
 L D miles:- Value Engineering
 L H C tippet:- Work sampling
 F W Harris:- EOQ

Question: - Which are the subtasks of the maintenance phase of the method study? Answer:
- Monitoring and control; Performance appraisal; Audit on savings

Question: - Some of the types of scheduling are as follows : -


Answer: - Job shop scheduling; Personnel scheduling; Facilities scheduling
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Question: - According to Bauer , the functions of Production Activity Control [ PAC ] are as follows
Answer: - Scheduling; Monitoring; Dispatching

Question: - CPM/PERT are


Answer: - Network based techniques

Question: - A set of activities to keep an equipment in the specified condition is called as


_________________________
Answer: - Maintenance

Question: - If a Kanban size is too small, the result will be


Answer: - Under stocking

Question: - While numbering as per Fulkerson's rule, arrows emerging from the initial event are
deleted so as to create one or more initial events.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - Cent percent inspection is required on WIP prior to the key, critical or costly operation.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - The shortest processing time rule , contrary to one's intuition can produce effective
performance and should be considered as a standard in designing shop floor control systems. Answer: -
TRUE

Question: - Number of machines multiplied by normal hours available per machine per period
yields
Answer: - Theoretical capacity per period

Question: - The process of validating MRS with respect to capacity is referred to as


Answer: - Rough Cut Capacity Planning [RCCP]

Question: - In case of an OC curve, the risk of rejecting a good quality lot may vary between
_________________________
Answer: - 0.01 to 10%

Question: - Cost of proactive maintenance and cost of quality planning are the examples of
Appraisal Cost.
Answer: - FALSE

Question: - What do you mean by a single event which represents the joint completion of more than
one activities? Answer: -
Merge event

Question: - Availability of training schools, colleges and management institutes reduces the
company's internal training needs.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - The main objectives of scheduling are as under :


Answer: - Meeting delivery dates ; Minimize Inventory ; Maximize Resource utilization

Question:- _______________ makes products that customers can not find anywhere else.
Answer: - Product Differentiation

Question: - Which are three different times considered in PERT? Answer:


- Most likely time ; Optimistic Time ; Pessimistic time
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Question: - Which of the following observations are expected from the preventive maintenance
person?
Answer: - Wrong alignments ; Overheating defects ; Excessive play

Question: - How to reveal the capability of the sampling plan to discriminate between good lots and
bad lots?
Answer: - Operating characteristics curve ( OC )

Question: - Which of the following technique is activity oriented ?


Answer: - Critical Path Method

Question:- A ______________ phase is the follow-up phase after the implementation which
serves as a monitoring and control mechanism during method study.
Answer: - Maintenance

Question: - The event numbers generally reflect the logical relationships of the activities.
Answer: - TRUE

Question: - The inspiration behind KARBAN technique is


Answer: - A replenishment system used by grocery stores in the US.

Question: - The ________________ Pertain to the climatic conditions which the component, product or
material should withstand.
Answer: - Environmental specifications

Question: - Under SWOT Analysis, Finances Resources-Performance are the examples

Answer: - Strengths