You are on page 1of 3

# Probability

Theoretical
Experimental Probability
probability is the theory behindprobability.
Experimental
(empirical) probability isprobability calcul
is the ratio of the number of times an
event occurs to the total number of
trials or times the activity is performed.
Probability ated during experiments, direct
observation, experience, or practice

## View our Unit onProbability.

How likely something is to happen.
Examples: example:
Many events can't be predicted with
Step 1: Set up a sample space. In other For example, if a dice is rolled 6000 times
words, write out all of the possible “events” total certainty. The best we can say
and the number '5' occurs 990 times, then
that can happen. In this case, the events are is how likely they are to happen,
the experimental probability that '5' shows up
the numbers that come up after the dice are using the idea of probability.
on the dice is 990/6000 = 0.165.
rolled. For two dice, the probabilities are:
[1][1], [1][2], [1][3], [1][4], [1][5], [1][6],
[2][1], [2][2], [2][3], [2][4],[2][5], [2][6],
[3][1], [3][2], [3][3], [3][4], [3][5], [3][6],
[4][1], [4][2], [4][3], [4][4], [4][5], [4][6],
[5][1], [5][2], [5][3], [5][4], [5][5], [5][6],
[6][1], [6][2], [6][3], [6][4], [6][5], [6][6].
I’ve bolded the rolls that result in a total of 7.
Step 2: Figure out the probability. The entire
sample space is made up of 36 possible
rolls. There are 9 rolls that result in a 7, so