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Monthly Compendium-October

NATIONAL

1) 5th edition of Miss Diva or Miss India Universe 2017 concluded with Shraddha Shashidhar
declared as the winner of Miss Diva Universe 2017 title.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 Shraddha, the 20-year-old Mumbai girl defeated Peden Ongmu Namgyal and Apeksha
Porwal who came second and third respectively.
 Srinidhi Shetty crowned Peden Ongmu as Miss Diva Supranational 2017.
 Shraddha will vie for Miss Universe title and repeat the success that was last achieved
by Lara Dutta 17 years ago in 2000.
2) A psychology student from Belarus, Aleksandra Chichikova, has won Miss Wheelchair World
in the first-ever edition of the beauty pageant held in Warsaw, Poland.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 The pageant organised by the Poland-based Only One Foundation also seeks to show
that a wheelchair is a luxury in many parts of the world
 Lebohang Monyatsi from South Africa was the runner-up ahead of Poland’s Adrianna
Zawadzinska in the first contest of its kind on a global scale
3) Two floating solar projects with the capacity of 10 MW that will be the largest in the
country now are coming in Andhra Pradesh and Kerala to harness unutilised water bodies.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 A 100 KW plant is the largest in the floating solar executed by the NTPC in Kerala.
 Though, the Andhra Pradesh and Kerala floating solar projects will be the largest but
the first floating solar project was executed in West Bengal in 2014 at Rajarhat.
 Floating plants were being developed on still water but to harness floating solar
projects capability projects were being considered on sea water.
4) Vice-President unveiled a 1.8 metre-tall bronze statue of Mahatama Gandhi at Rajghat on
the occasion of his 148 birth anniversary. The statue was sculpted by renowned artist Ram
Sutar.
5) MP Anurag Thakur has been chosen as Global Fund Champion Global Fund, an organisation
working towards accelerating the end of AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria as epidemics who
will be tasked to boost international awareness regarding the epidemics.
6) In its report 'Livability Quotient A Paradigm Shift in India's Emerging Cities', property
consultant JLL India, Palava City and Navi Mumbai in Maharashtra are the top two liveable
emerging cities in the country. Mohali in Punjab and Mahindra World City township in
Chennai are at third and fourth positions, respectively.
These 10 cities are ranked on 10 parameters -- planning, connectivity, utilities and daily
needs, leisure and recreation, smart governance, safety and security, access to jobs,
environment and sustainability, real estate performance, and future expansion/outlook.

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7) Bilal Dar, a young boy from Srinagar has become the brand ambassador for Srinagar
Municipal Corporation. Dar has been contributing to the ‘Swachhta Abhiyan’ since the age
of 12.
8) The Election Commission of India has chosen a 22-year-old visually-impaired woman,
Muskan, from Himachal Pradesh as the 'youth icon' for the upcoming state Assembly polls.
It is for the first time that a visually-impaired person from the state has been picked up as
an icon face by the EC to spread awareness about the democratic process and importance of
vote.
9) In a bid to effectively deal with cases of crime against women, the Maharashtra government
has decided to come up with a separate woman police investigation wing in all the districts.
Incidents of crime against women like rape, molestation, domestic violence, abetment of
suicide, human trafficking are being reported on a regular basis and to tackle them, to
investigate it thoroughly and to present chargesheet on time, there was a need to have a
special investigation team.
10) An expert committee headed by ex-Lok Sabha secretary general T K Viswanathan is set up to
suggest ways to tackle online hate speech, has recommended appointing cybercrime
coordinators in all states and establishing cybercrime cells in each district.

KNOW MORE
 They will deal with those fomenting trouble or spreading hate against anybody on the
grounds of religion, race, caste or community, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation,
place of birth or residence, language, disability, or tribe through any means of
communication.
 It has suggested replacing some clauses of the IT Act and amending some sections of the
IPC like 153 (wantonly giving provocation with intent to cause riot) and 505A (false and
mischievous reports intended to upset public tranquility).
 The committee has suggested that offences under the amended Section 505A be
punishable with imprisonment of up to one year or fine or Rs 5,000 or both.
 The amended Section would also deal with instances of anybody “causing fear, alarm or
provocation of violence” on grounds of religion, etc.
 The committee suggested that the state cybercrime coordinator should be an officer not
below the rank of Inspector General of Police.
11) Kerala is planning to come out with its own anti-rabies vaccine at a cost of about Rs 150
crore, probably making it the first state in the country to rabies manufacture the vaccine
directly. The vaccine for both humans and animals would be developed simultaneously at
separate labs at the Institute of Animal Health and Veterinary Biologicals (IAH&VB) at
Palode
12) Mukesh Ambani attained top position in Hurun India Rich List and Acharya Balkrishna, the
head of Baba Ramdev’s Patanjali Ayruveda has made it ot the list by securing 8 th position.
Damani, the founder of D- Mart stores, was the biggest gainer, his wealth increasing 320%.

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Following 62-year-old Damani, the biggest gainer was Anurang Jain, 55, the managing
director of Endurance Technology.
13) India’s women’s cricket captain Mithali Raj has been named in BBC’s 100 most inspirational
women list of 2017. She helped India reach the World Cup twice – in 2005 and 2017. She has
played 186 ODIs for India where she has scored 6190 runs at an average of 51.58. She is
India’s only batter to average more than 50 in Tests and ODIs.

KNOW MORE
 Other sportspeople in the list include Brazilian rower Fernanda Nunes, legendary
Hungarian athlete Nadia Comaneci, and England football player Steph Houghton.
 The list includes women across all professions including sports, business, engineering and
much more.
 BBC 100 Women list was started in 2013, which focuses on 100 most influential women in
various fields.
14) South Korea sanctioned 10 billion USD for 3 projects in Maharashtra, namely Nagpur-
Mumbai Supercommunication Expressway (NMSE), Kalyan Dombivali Smart Cities and
Bandra Government Colony Redevelopment.
15) According to the latest S&P Global Platts Top 250 Global Energy Company Rankings
a) Mukesh Ambani-led Reliance Industries Ltd has jumped five places to rank as the world's
third-biggest energy company behind Russian gas giant Gazprom( 1st )and German utility
E.ON(2nd).
b) Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) acquired 7th position.
16) The 13th Formation Day of National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) was
celebrated across the country. The theme of this year’s formation day is ‘School Safety’. India
got appreciation due to NDMA’s work at Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) meeting
on Disaster management held in Kyrgyzstan.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 The NDMA is apex statutory body and was established in 2009 under the Disaster
Management Act, 2005. It is headed by the Prime Minister of India.
 He said that diplomatic efforts are also required in managing disasters arising out of
floods and a beginning in this regard will be made during BIMSTEC Disaster
Management Exercise in the month of November.
17) Anthony Ervin was named event ambassador of the 10th Airtel Delhi Half Marathon
scheduled to be on November 19.
KNOW MORE
 Anthony Lee Ervin (born May 26, 1981) is an American competition swimmer who has
won four Olympic medals and two World Championship golds.
 Ervin is the youngest and oldest medal winner in men’s 50m freestyle at Olympics.
18) Kandla Port Trust is renamed as Deendayal Port Trust with effect from 25th of September,
2017.

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KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 Kandla Port is located on the Gulf of Kutch in Gujarat, is one of the twelve major ports
in the country.
 As per the Ministry’s notification, the Central Government, in exercise of powers
conferred on it under Indian Ports Act, 1908, made the amendment to replace
“Kandla” with “Deendayal”.
 The renaming was done on the occasion of the closing of the year long centenary
celebrations of PanditDeendayalUpadhyay(101st birth anniversary on September 25th,
2017)
19) The world's largest combustion research centre which will impart a major boost to
the Indian scientific community was inaugurated at the Indian Institute of Technology,
Madras. It will provide an impetus to research in 'Alternative Energy and Environmental
Protection' by focusing on effective utilisation of combustion as a means of thermo-chemical
energy conversion.
20) The Kempegowda International Airport (KIA) in Bengaluru is set to become India’s first
completely Aadhaar-enabled airport by the year 2018, boasting of a biometric boarding
system. It will replace the cumbersome ordeal of handling tickets, ID, luggage with a smooth,
paperless travelling experience.
21) Assam became the first State in the country to set up an Industrial Training Institute (ITI)
exclusively for the differently-abled. The ITI will have 60 seats for three different trades with
20 seats per trade as per prescribed guidelines of National Council for Vocational Training.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 The 3 trades are computer operator and programming assistant, cutting & sewing
technology and hair & skin care. There will be separate hostel facilities for boys and
girls within the campus.
 The move is a true manifestation of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of “Lakshya
Antyodaya, Path Antyodaya”.
22) According to a report released by the Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR), Bharatiya
Janata Party is the richest national political party in the country with assets worth over Rs
893 crore in the year 2015-16.
KNOW MORE
 The report analyses the assets and liabilities of seven national parties from the year
2004-05 to 2015-16, on the basis of data submitted by these parties to the Election
Commission of India.
23) A resolution has been adopted by the Arunachal Pradesh assembly, asking Centre to protect
rights of tribal population while considering citizenship to Chakmas and Hajongs refugees
residing in the state for decades has kicked up afresh row.
KNOW MORE
 In September, 2017 the Centre had decided to grant citizenship to Chakmas and
Hajongs (original residents of Chittagong Hill Tracts in Bangladesh) living in Arunachal
Pradesh since the 1960s, as per a 2015 Supreme Court order

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24) In the latest Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) Asia University Rankings 2018,
The Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay) has emerged as the only Indian
institute to better its performance among the top 100 universities.
KNOW MORE
 IISc Bangalore, registered the biggest decline in its positions by 18 places, down from
33 in 2017 to 51 in 2018.
 The Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) Asia University Rankings 2018 saw Nanyang
Technological University Singapore being top-ranked in the list, followed by National
University of Singapore, respectively.
25) According a study report published in “The Lancet” India is ranked number one globally on
the toll taken by pollution. China had the second highest mortality from air pollution.
26) Yogi Adityanath government in Uttar Pradesh will surpass the Guinness World Records held
by the jailed Dera Sacha Sauda head Gurmeet Ram Rahim in respect of lightning the
earthern oil lamps on Diwali.
KNOW MORE
 The banks of the Saryu and the holy city of Ayodhya light up with nearly two lakh
earthen oil lamps on Diwali eve by Yogi Government . The dera had on September 23
,2016 set the Guinness World Record by organising the largest display of 1,50,009 oil
lamps in Sirsa.
27) The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi unveiled a plaque to mark the laying of Foundation
Stone of Bhadbhut Barrage over the River Narmada which aims to stop the ingress of
salinity along the Narmada river . The barrage project will solve the issue of drinking water
for Bharuch, and also open up new channels for fisheries.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 A bridge will be constructed across the barrage, joining Dahej to Hazira which will help
create twin industrial cities and reduce the distance between them.
 The prime minister also inaugurated various neem-related projects of the Gujrat
Narmada Valley Fertilisers Company Limited (GNFC), .
 Modi also flagged off a new train between Udhna in Surat and Jaynagar in Bihar.
28) Fairy Queen – world’s oldest operational steam engine – has returned to the tracks in
current season and the operation will continue till April 2018. The engine was attached to a
heritage train running from Delhi Cantt to Rewari in Haryana. The less-than-three-hour
round trip with passengers will be conducted every month, on second and fourth
Saturdays.
29) Low-cost carrier Spice Jet will electrify the remote village of Baruahchuck in Majuli district
of Assam .It will set up a 'solar microgrid' on the site in about 75 days. The 'solar microgrid' is
a small-scale power grid that can operate independently or in conjunction with the area's
main electrical grid, thereby, contributing to providing electricity to a limited number of
households.

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30) Tokyo has topped the list of The Economist's Safe Cities Index 2017 while Delhi and Mumbai
ranked 43rd and 45th respectively.The index, produced by The Economist Intelligence Unit,
was based on 49 indicators covering digital, health, infrastructure and personal security.
31) The Election Commission disqualified former Jharkhand Chief Minister Madhu Koda from
contesting elections for three years for not properly filing the poll expenses in 2009.
KNOW MORE
 Mr. Koda was declared elected on May 16, 2009. He submitted a total expenditure of
18.92 lakh.
 In September 2010, the EC had taken cognisance of a news report about huge expenses
incurred by Mr. Koda for campaigning during the 2009 general elections.
 Mr. Koda is a candidate from Chaibasa constituency.
32) Haj committee headed by former secretary Afzal Amanullah proposed Haj Policy 2018-22
which entails
a) Abolishing subsidy for Haj pilgrims
b) Allowing women above 45 to travel in a group of at least four without a male member
c) Bringing down the number of Embarkation Points (EPs) from which pilgrims can take
flights to Saudi Arabia from the present 21 to nine.
33) President Ram Nath Kovind visited Djibouti and Ethiopia in Africa to attend a business event
and an interaction with Indian community.
KNOW MORE
 This is the first overseas visit of President Kovind and the first visit to Ethiopia by an
Indian President in 45 years since President V V Giri’s trip in 1972.
 Djibouti is growing in importance with China setting up its first military base there
 Ethiopia is the largest recipient of concession by India.
34) The biggest international deal signed by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
(CSIR) to transfer technology and training to a company in Ethiopia has stalled.
KNOW MORE
 The CSIR had signed a $7 million agreement with the Metal Industries
Development Institute (MIDI) on June 13.
 The three-year contract involved personnel from both the organisations and was
expected to begin technical collaboration from the next month.

35) Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited the Kedarnath temple in Uttarakhand which reopened
following a six-month winter break.
36) According to latest HSBC expat explorer survey , India ranked 14th as overall best country for
expats to live and work in. The list is topped by Singapore.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 HSBCs latest expat explorer survey covered 27,587 expats from 159 countries and
territories in March and April in the year 2017.
 At the same time, the country has emerged among the top 10 countries among expats
for professional development.

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 "The number of resident expats who recommend the country for career progression
has increased by 12 percentage points since 2016 to almost two-thirds (63 per cent),
placing it seventh in the ranking for career progression.
37) Centenary celebrations of Patna University was attended by Prime Minister Modi in the year
2017.
38) The Punjab Agricultural University (PAU) has teamed up with its counterparts in Telangana
and Maharashtra, and also the psychology department of the Punjabi University at Patiala, to
create a “stress index” (SI) for farmers and prepare a training module for village-level
volunteers to counsel those on the verge of committing suicide. The exercise is part of a
research project titled ‘Addressing Farmer Suicides through Capacity Building of Farming
Families’
KNOW MORE
 The statistical testing tools for creation of an SI and a “psychological resource index”
(PSI) of farmers will be based on farmer household surveys, including a General Health
Questionnaire, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, the Cognitive Distortions Scale,
the Beck Depression Inventory-II, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Suicidal
Behaviours Questionnaire, the Modified Scale for Suicidal Ideation, and the Friedman
Well-Being Scale
 Distressed farmers would typically exhibit high SI and low PSI.
39) Sebi chairman Ajay Tyagi has been named among the top ten regulators in the world,
hereby securing 7th rank according to a report.
KNOW MORE
 The rankings are part of the World’s Most Influential People in Market Structure, also
known as The Exchange Invest 1000 (EI1000).
 The list of ten regulators is topped by EU’s commissioner (competition) Margrethe
Vestager(1st) and is followed by ESMA (European Securities and Markets Authority)
chairman Steven Maijoor(2nd) , SEC chairman Jay Clayton (3rd)
40) India has been ranked as the 40th most competitive economy on the World Economic
Forum's global competitiveness index, which is topped by Switzerland.
KNOW MORE
 On the list of 137 economies, Switzerland(1st) is followed by the US and Singapore in
second and third places.
 Other countries in the top 10 are the Netherlands (4th), Germany (5th), Hong Kong
SAR (6th), Sweden (7th), United Kingdom (8th), Japan (9th) and Finland (10th).
 According to WEF's Executive Opinion Survey 2017, corruption is the most problematic
factor for doing business in India.The second biggest bottleneck is 'access to financing',
followed by 'tax rates', 'inadequate supply of infrastructure', 'poor work ethics in
national labour force' and 'inadequately educated work force', among others.
41) The first ever All India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA), modelled on the lines of AIIMS, will be
inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the national capital(Delhi) on 'Ayurveda
Day' on October 17. Set up as an apex institute under the Ministry of AYUSH, the AIIA will

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bring in the synergy between traditional wisdom of Ayurveda and modern diagnostic tools
and technology.
42) Five years after the fatal gang rape of a student on a bus in New Delhi, the Indian capital
paired with Brazil’s Sao Paulo as the world’s worst megacities for sexual violence against
women in a poll by the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
43) According to the rankings of most powerful women in business OUTSIDE the United States
drawn up by the Fortune magazine
a) ICICI Bank's Chanda Kochhar has acquired the 5th spot
b) Axis Bank's Shikha Sharma has been ranked 21st.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 The Most Powerful Women in Business outside the US list was topped by Banco
Santander group Executive Chairman Ana Botin.
44) According to the rankings of United States most powerful women in business list drawn by
Fortune Magazine, PepsiCo Chairman and CEO Indra Nooyi acquired 2nd spot .
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 General Motors Chairman and CEO Mary Barra attained 1st position.
 Lockheed Martin Chairman, President and CEO Marillyn Hewson took the 3 rd spot.
45) ‘Responsible Tourism Mission’ was first implemented at four destinations, including
Kovalam, Kumarakom, Thekkady and Wayanad in Kerala. Among these destinations
Kumarakom was honored by Ministry of Tourism, Govt of India for the best Responsible
Tourism initiative in Kerala and it also bagged the national award for rural tourism.
KNOW MORE
 Responsible Tourism is mainly conceived with three kinds of responsibilities which are
termed as the ‘triple bottom-line’ economic responsibility, social responsibility and
environmental responsibility.
 Though the concept of responsible tourism was there right from 1996, it was after the
Cape Town Declaration of 2002 that a detailed picture of responsible tourism - including
its aims, and factors evolved.
46) Prime Minister Narendra Modi has laid the foundation stone of Urja Ganga, the highly
ambitious gas pipeline project in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh that aims to provide piped cooking
(PNG) gas to residents of the eastern region of the country and CNG gas for the vehicles in
eastern India. The project is being implemented by state-run gas utility GAIL.
47) Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT City)'s International Financial Services Centre
(IFSC) has bagged the 10th spot in the latest edition of Global Financial Centres Index (GFCI).
The GFCI report is produced bi-annually by the China Development Institute (CDI) in
Shenzhen and Z/Yen Partners in London a leading commercial think-tank.
48) Joyita Mondal, A transgender from North Dinajpur’s Islampur has become nation’s first
transgender to be appointed as a judge. After successfully battling discrimination, 21-year-
old says that she has been working for the rights of transgenders since 2010.
49) India's first Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra (PMKK) for Skilling in Smart Cities, in
collaboration with New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) has opened up in New Delhi.

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50) India’s first Sewage Treatment Plant under Hybrid Annuity Mode to come up in Haridwar
and Varanasi to realise the dream of Nirmal Ganga as it is the first time ever in India that
Hybrid Annuity-based PPP mode is being applied in sewerage sector.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 In Varanasi the contract is signed with by Essel Infra Projects Limited at an estimated
cost of Rs 153.16 crore.
 In Haridwar, HNB Engineers Private Ltd. won the contract for a total sewage
treatment .
51) India is ranked the eighth most valuable nation brand while the United States retained its
top position and China took the second spot in the league of nations according to Brand
Finance’s Nation Brands 2017. India has taken a hit on several fronts. “Reforms must be
introduced to maximise job creation, provide fiscal support and to boost economic growth.
However, the less than impressive track record of implementing change renders the nation’s
outlook unstable. This poses a threat to its future nation brand value,” said David Haigh, CEO,
Brand Finance.
52) Going digital, the Rajasthan assembly has become the first in India to call attention and
adjournment motions and proposals online from legislators to send them to the state
government..
KNOW MORE
 A motion refers to a formal proposal asking the house to take some action which is
discussed in the house with the permission of presiding officer. The motion are
accepted or rejected on the basis of opinions and discussions in the house among
members.
 Calling attention is a type of motion which can be introduced in any house of the
parliament by a member to call the attention of a minister to a matter of urgent public
importance seeking an authoritative statement from him.
 Adjournment motion is allowed only in the Lok Sabha and not in Rajya Sabha because
it has an element of censure against the government. Similarly in states.
53) Jaipur and Srinagar Airports rated Best Airports in the World in 2-5 million Passenger
category in ACI-ASQ Survey. This is for the second consecutive time that Jaipur Airport has
been rated the Best Airport in the World in the traffic volume of 2 to 5 million passengers per
year.
KNOW MORE
 The Airport Service Quality (ASQ) Awards are the aviation industry's most prestigious
accolades. The awards recognize the airports which have achieved the highest
passenger satisfaction ratings in the ASQ Survey - the world's benchmark measure of
airport excellence.
 Chairman, Airports Authority of India: Dr. Guruprasad Mohapatra
54) Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated the first phase of ambitious Ghogha-Dahej
Roll-on Roll-off ferry service at Ghogha in Bhavnagar district in Gujarat.This is the first of its
kind project not only in India but also in South-East Asia,”

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55) India has a "serious" hunger problem and ranks 100th out of 119 countries on the global
hunger index,2017. The country's serious hunger level is driven by high child malnutrition and
underlines need for stronger commitment to the social sector.

KNOW MORE
 The report is prepared by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
 The report ranked 119 countries in the developing world, nearly half of which have
'extremely alarming', 'alarming' or 'serious' hunger levels.
56) The Supreme Court appointed Special Investigation Team on black money is answerable
under the RTI Act so that the government action must be actuated in public interest and for
larger public good, the Central Information Commission has held.
KNOW MORE
 The order came after an RTI query was sent by activist Venkatesh Nayak to Finance
Ministry demanding information on seven-points including photocopy of letter
reportedly written by Herve Falcini, former employee of the Geneva Branch of HSBC
Bank to the Chairman, Special Investigation Team (SIT).
 Nayak approached the Commission pleading to issue appropriate orders recognising
the Special Investigation Team (SIT) on Black Money as a “Public Authority” within the
terms of Section 2(h) of the RTI Act, 2005.
 Considering the spirit of the RTI Act, 2005 and in light of conditions laid down under
Section 2 (h) of the RTI Act, 2005 it was considered just and appropriate to declare the
SIT, a Public Authority that was performing a pious public duty bestowed upon it by
the Supreme Court of India of bringing back the unaccounted money in foreign bank
accounts by Indians or other entities operating in India,thereby bringing SIT under the
ambit of RTI.
 The SIT was set up on the orders of the Supreme Court in 2014 through a government
notification to suggest methods to curb black money in the economy.
 The SIT is headed by former Supreme Court judge MB Shah
57) Former Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Raghuram Rajan’s name figures in this year’s
list of possible winners of Nobel Prize in economics brought out by Clarivate Analytics.
KNOW MORE
 Clarivate Analytics, earlier a Thomson Reuters unit, publishes a list of possible Nobel
Prize winners based on research citations, ahead of the formal announcement by the
Nobel committee.
 Rajan is currently the Katherine Dusak Miller Distinguished Service Professor of Finance
at the Booth School of Business, University of Chicago.
58) US President Donald Trump overtook Pope Francis and Indian Prime Minister Narendra
Modi to become the most followed world leader on micro-blogging site Twitter.
59) Justice G. Rohini has been appointed by the President to head the commission set up to
examine the sub-categorization of Other Backward Classes (OBCs). The move is significant as

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it aims to give greater representation to the less dominant OBC groupings and also work
towards inclusion for all.
KNOW MORE
 She has retired as chief justice of Delhi high court.
 She was sworn in as the first woman chief justice of the Delhi high court in April 2014.
 Before she took over as the chief justice, she was sworn in as a judge of the Andhra
Pradesh high court in the year 2002.
 In her three-year tenure as chief justice, she was part of various landmark cases such as
the tussle between the centre and state in the exercise of administrative power in Delhi,
the plea of telecom companies regarding call drops, privacy concerns surrounding
messaging platform WhatsApp, and audit of power distribution companies by the
Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG).
60) Tropical Storm Nate is an active tropical cyclone tracking across Honduras and producing
torrential rainfall across the greater Central America region.
61) Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the setting up of the country’s first “Marine Police
Training Institute” at the newly created Dev Bhoomi Dwarka district of Gujarat. The
country’s first and biggest institute that will train marine police from across the country will
be set up at Dev Bhoomi Dwarka.
62) The marquee National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) will establish a turtle sanctuary in
Allahabad, as part of efforts to protect the rich aquatic biodiversity of river Ganga from
“escalating anthropogenic pressures”.
KNOW MORE
 The Ganga and Yamuna at Allahabad are home to some of the most endangered fauna
like turtles (Batagur kachuga, Batagur dhongoka, Nilssonia gangetica, Chitra indica,
Hardella thurjii etc.), the National Aquatic Animal — Gangetic dolphin ( Platanista
gangetica ), the Gharial ( Gavialis gangeticus ) and numerous migratory and resident
birds.

63) The Delhi Dynamos FC has roped in Jacqueline Fernandez as the club’s brand ambassador
for the upcoming Indian Super League season. The 2017–18 Indian Super League season is
the fourth season of the Indian Super league, the football league, since its establishment in
2013.
64) India’s 100 richest persons list
KNOW MORE
 Reliance Industries chief Mukesh Ambani has emerged as India’s wealthiest person
followed by Wipro’s Azim Premji at a distant second and Hinduja Bros(3rd)
 As many as seven women have been named in India’s 100 richest persons list,
including O.P. Jindal Group chairperson Savitri Jindal (16th) , Leena Tiwary(71st) and
biotechnology pioneer Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw(72nd ).
 Mazumdar-Shaw, with a fortune of $2.16 billion, was placed at the 72nd position. She
is India’s richest self-made woman and founded biopharma firm Biocon in 1978. Biocon

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makes a range of generics to treat, among much else, autoimmune diseases, diabetes
and cancer.
65) New Guiness Record at IISF Chennai 2017: Day two of the India International Science Festival
(IISF) in Anna University campus at Chennai saw the making of a new Guinness World Record
for the Largest Biology Lesson. One thousand forty nine (1049) students participated in the
record breaking session. Union Minister for Science & Technology and Earth Science.
66) The Private Vehicle Owners Association of Kerala (PIVOAK) with its headquarters at Okkal in
Kalady is the first- of –its- kind organization to impart legal aid to private vehicle owners
regarding accident claims and court cases.
67) ‘Integrity Index’
To rival Transparency International’s Corruption Index, India’s Central Vigilance Commission
is set to unveil an Integrity Index.
KEY FACTS
 The Integrity Index will bring out annual scores/rankings of PSUs, PSBs, and Financial
Institutions/Departments/Ministries of Government of India
 Being a new initiative, initially 25 organizations have been selected for development of
the Integrity Index (as per list attached).
 CVC has worked with Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, to develop the
index.
 It will benchmark quality standards and improve functioning
 Transparency International (TI) is an international non-governmental organization,
which is based in Berlin, Germany, and was founded in 1993. Its nonprofit purpose is to
take action to combat corruption and prevent criminal activities arising from corruption.
It publishes for example the Global Corruption Barometer and the Corruption
Perceptions Index. Headquartered at Berlin, Germany. It’s Managing Director is Cobus
de Swardt, and Chairman is José Ugaz.
CVC
a) The Central Vigilance Commission was set up in 1964 on the recommendations of the
Committee on Prevention of Corruption, headed by Shri K. Santhanam.
b) Thus the Central Vigilance Commission Act came into effect in 2003
c) The Commission consists of:
A Central Vigilance Commissioner – Chairperson- Mr. K.V. Chowdary at present
Not more than two Vigilance Commissioners – Members-Mr Rajiv and MrTejinder
Mohan Bhasin
68) The Supreme Court collegium will do professional evaluation of additional judges while
recommending their names for promotion as permanent judges of the High Courts.
KEY POINTS
 The judgements of Additional Judges of the High Courts shall be called for from the
Chief Justices of the concerned High Courts and the same shall be evaluated by the
Committee of two Judges of the Supreme Court, other than consultee-Judges.
 The Collegium is headed by Chief Justice DipakMisra and has four senior-most judges of

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the apex court -- Justices J Chelameswar, RanjanGogoi, Madan B Lokur and Kurian
Joseph.
69) The Environment Ministry gave the final environment clearance to Kandla Port Trust for
developing a smart industrial port city at two identified sites in Gandhidham

KEY POINTS
 It is a 1,176-crore smart industrial port city project in Kutch, Gujarat
 It would house about 35,700 residential flats, schools and parks, and would generate
jobs to more than 60,000 people.
 Kandla Port Trust, recently rechristened as Deendayal Port, is one of the top 12 major
ports in the country. Located on the Gulf of Kutch, it is one of major ports on west coast.
70) A website for the Cell for IPR Promotion and Management(CIPAM) of the Department of
Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) has been launched for implementing National
Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Policy.
KEY POINTS
 The website will provide regular updates on awareness and sensitization programs,
and information on all Intellectual Property Rights
 It will provide material on IPRs for schools, universities, industry and enforcement
agencies.
 The website provides regular updates on the latest IP trends – statistics on applications
filed, examined, grants and disposal for various IPRs.
71) The ‘PaikaBidroha’ (Paika rebellion) of 1817 will find a place in the history books as ‘the First
War of Independence’ from the next academic session.
KEY POINTS
 Paikas were peasant militia under the Gajapati rulers of Odisha who rendered military
service to the king during times of war.
 They rebelled against the British rule under the leadership of BakshiJagabandhu
Bidyadhara as early as 1817.
 Earlier, Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik requested the Centre to recognise
“PaikaBidroha” as the First War of Independence against the British rule as it took place
four decades before the 1857 Sepoy Mutiny, which has so far been regarded as the First
War of Indian Independence
72) Limca Book of Records has been won by Meghalaya Election Department for forming the
biggest human logo of young voters in the state
NOTE
 Mission Unite (U and I towards Enrolment) was a special drive earlier this year to enroll
young and left out voters in the age categories of 18 to 21 which included the logo
formation.
73) Mumbai To Get India's First AC Local Trains, To Start Services From New Year
NOTE

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 The fares on the AC train will be like the Delhi Metro or around 1.5 times the cost of first
class tickets in the existing local trains.
74) Maharashtra government to set up school of music in honour of Lata Mangeshkar
NOTE
 It will be called “Mangeshkar School of Music” in Maharashtra.
75) Prime Minister NarendraModi on has inaugurated the first roll-on, roll-off (Ro-Ro) ferry
service of the country in Gujarat.
KEY POINTS
 Being the “biggest ferry service in South Asia”, it is expected to cut short the journey
time between Ghoghaand Dahej in Gulf of Cambay to just an hour.
 Now, the distance of 340 km is being covered in eight hours.
 The Ro-Ro can carry up to 250 passengers and up to 100 vehicles including cars, buses
and trucks.
76) 7 firms get ‘Letters of Intent’ ( LoI ) for 14 monuments under ‘Adopt a Heritage’ Scheme
KEY POINTS
 The 14 monuments up for adoption include JantarMantar and QutubMinar (Delhi), Sun
Temple (Odisha), Hampi (Karnataka), Ajanta Caves (Maharashtra), among others.
 SBI Foundation, TK International Limited, Yatra Online Pvt. Ltd, Travel Corporation of
India Ltd, Adventure Tour Operator Association of India, Special Holidays Travel Private
Ltd. (With) Rotary Club of Delhi, NBCC are the seven companies which were shortlisted
 President Ram NathKovind on the occasion of World Tourism Day launched ‘Adopt a
Heritage’ Scheme of the Ministry of Tourism, in collaboration with the Ministry of
Culture and Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).

INTERNATIONAL

77) MoU between India and Morocco has been signed on cooperation in the field of water
resources- The domains of bilateral cooperation under this MoU include conception,
realization, and maintenance of the hydraulic infrastructure, integrated water resources
management, flood and drought management; sustainable development and management of
groundwater resources and harvesting and valuation of rainfall water and resilience.
78) The Indo-Russian military Exercise 'Indra-2017' culminated at Vladivostok, Russia after
eleven days of joint training in counter-terrorism operations. Exercise INDRA-2017, the first
ever Tri Services Joint Exercise between Indian and Russian Armed Forces is being
conducted in the Eastern Military District of Russia.
79) The fifth India-Sri Lanka joint training exercise "Mitra Shakti 2017" focusing on counter-
terrorism operations has begun at Aundh Military Station in Pune. The aim of the joint
training is to share the best military practices and promoting healthy military to military
relations between the two Armies and developing joint strategies by sharing expertise of
conducting operations.

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80) China's Zhejiang Electric Power Company said the construction began on a giant power
supply PYLON, believed to be the world's tallest in the country's east Zhejiang Province. The
380-metre tall pylon will be four times the height of London's iconic Big Ben.
81) MoU has been signed between India and Belarus for Cooperation in the field of Vocational
Education and Training- This is for the first time MoU for cooperation in area of vocational
education, training and skill development has been signed with the Eurasian country.
82) Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has dissolved the lower house of parliament and called a
snap election. The election for the 475-seat lower house, the more powerful of Japan’s two
house parliament will be held on October, 22.
83) The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given its approval for
the signing and ratification of the Extradition Treaty between India and Lithuania. The
Treaty would provide a legal framework for seeking extradition of fugitive criminals including
terrorists for criminal prosecutions from Lithuania who may have committed crimes against
India.
How does extradition treaty work???
 India can make an extradition request to any country. While India’s treaty partners
have treaty obligations to consider India’s requests, in the absence of a treaty, it is a
matter for the foreign country to consider, in accordance with its domestic laws and
procedures, whether the country can agree to India’s extradition request on the basis
of an assurance of reciprocity.
 Similarly, any country can make an extradition request to India. The legal basis for
Extradition with States with whom India does not have an Extradition Treaty ("non-
Treaty States”) is provided by Section 3(4) of the Indian Extradition Act, 1962.

84) For the first time, Nepal and India will undertake a joint tiger census in their national parks,
forests and protected areas adjoining the two countries using a globally-recognised
method. The counting of tigers will begin from the second week of November.
85) Russia has floated out the world’s largest nuclear-powered icebreaker ship, Sibir, as the
country moves to reinforce its leadership in the Arctic. Sibir, designed to transport cargo
along the Northern Sea Route, was launched into the water at the Baltic Shipyard in St
Petersburg.
KNOW MORE
 Sibir is powered by two nuclear reactors and will be able to break ice fields up to three
metres thick, clearing the path for Russian ships delivering gas to Asia.
 Named Project 22220, the shipbuilding has been described as Russia’s biggest military
push since the fall of the Soviet Union.
86) The world’s first hybrid electric tram powered by hydrogen fuel cells has started running in
China, marking a big step in the application of green energy in public transport. The tram was
put into commercial operation for the first time in Tangshan, north China’s Hebei Province.

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87) Saudi Arabia to Allow Women into Sports Stadiums from 2018: Turki Al-Asheikh, Chairman
of the General Sports Authority of Saudi Arabia has announced that Saudi women will now
be able to attend sports events in stadiums starting from 2018.
88) Burundi became the first nation ever to leave the International Criminal Court (ICC), set up
15 years ago to prosecute those behind the world’s worst atrocities
89) The tiny Gulf state host of the 2022 football World Cup, Qatar, has committed that it will
introduce a minimum wage for workers in the country. The announcement came a day
before a meeting of the UN’s International Labour Organisation (ILO).
KNOW MORE
 The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing
with labour problems, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and
work opportunities for all.
 In 1969, the organization received the Nobel Peace Prize for improving peace among
classes, pursuing decent work and justice for workers, and providing technical
assistance to other developing nations.
 The ILO registers complaints against entities that are violating international rules;
however, it does not impose sanctions on governments.
90) An Indian-American John NathKapoor, a pharmaceutical billionaire was held liable for
conspiracy in the US by bribing doctors to over- prescribe a potent opioid to patients and
committing fraud on insurance firms for profit.
NOTE
 The Amritsar-born entrepreneur and well known philanthropist, who migrated to the US
from India in 1960s, is a current member of the Board of Directors of the
pharmaceutical company Insys Therapeutics.
91) Chile Named Best Country to Visit in 2018: The travel guide company Lonely Planet has
ranked Chile as the number one country to visit in 2018 in its Best in Travel 2018 list.
KNOW MORE
 Lonely Planet is the largest travel guide book publisher in the world. The company is
owned by American billionaire Brad Kelley
92) Indian Origin Activist Gina Miller Named UK’s Most Influential Black Person of the Year.
Indian origin campaigner Gina Miller was named UK’s most influential black person of the
year. Gina won a legal challenge seeking Parliamentary approval for triggering Brexit.
93) Nicaragua Signs Paris Climate Agreement. Central American country Nicaragua has signed
the Paris Agreement on climate change, leaving the United States and Syria as the only two
countries holing out to sign this global climate pact.
KNOW MORE
 The Paris Climate Agreement was formulated within the framework of the United
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
 Facilitates enforcement of global GHGs reduction measures, adaptation and finance in
the post-2020 i.e. in post Kyoto Protocol scenario.
 The agreement was adopted by representatives of 195 countries at the 21st

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Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC held in Paris (France) in December 2015.
 In the agreement, all countries agreed to work to limit global temperature rise to well
below 2 degrees Celsius, and to strive for 1.5 degrees Celsius
94) Maharashtra signed an MoU with Singapore to promote partnership in development of
ports and airports in the state. The MoU was signed between Changi Airport International
Ltd and Maharashtra Airport Development Company. Both sides agreed to evolve an
adequate framework to handle all cooperation in the civil aviation sector.
KNOW MORE
 Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore : Tharman Shanmugaratnam
 Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis
 Singapore Prime Minister: Lee Hsien Loong
95) India and Afghanistan will sign a pact for technical cooperation in police training and
development which will help the war-torn country in strengthening its security apparatus.
The MoU will help in capacity building of Afghanistan National Police and improving the
security apparatus in the region.
KNOW MORE
 India and Afghanistan had signed an agreement on strategic partnership in October,
2011.
 A meeting was held between delegates of the Ministry of Interior Affairs, Afghanistan,
the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Afghanistan and officials of the
Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) in New Delhi in October 2016
96) South Pacific island nation Vanuatu Becomes First Nation to Accept Bitcoin in Exchange for
Citizenship: It has become host to the world’s first government to accept bitcoin in exchange
for citizenship. Vanuatu’s citizenship program costs $200,000 USD, meaning that at current
prices the residency program costs less than 41.5 bitcoins.
97) India grants USD 585,000 aid to Sri Lanka University.
KEY POINTS
 The assistance package (equipment and vehicles worth USD 585,000) was given to
develop agriculture as well as engineering faculty on the Killinochchi campus of
University of Jaffna by the Indian govt.
 The Government of India will also provide support for curriculum development, faculty
exchanges, training and research
 India has also constructed a 200-bed hospital ward complex costing USD 13 lakh in Sri
Lanka's Tamil-dominated former war zone of North.
 Sri Lanka has also signed an agreement with India to build 1,200 houses in Hambantota
98) India and the United States have signed an agreement to implement the programme for
Helicopter Operations from Ships Other Than Aircraft Carriers (HOSTAC)
KEY POINTS
 This decision is taken to strengthen maritime security
 It was taken by Defense Minister NirmalaSitharaman and her US Counterpart Jim
Mattis on the sidelines of the ASEAN Defense Ministers' Meeting-Plus.

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 A range of initiatives to strengthen US- India defence cooperation and enhance India's
leadership role in the Indo-Pacific was discussed during the meeting.
HOSTAC
 Helicopter Operations from Ships other Than Aircraft Carriers (HOSTAC) is a military
international standardization program made up of 4 regional HOSTAC Conferences/
Working Groups. These regional groups are: NATO HOSTAC, SIAN HOSTAC, Pacific
HOSTAC and Middle East HOSTAC.
99) Interpol, the international police organization, has voted to admit Palestine as a full
member, thereby advancing the latter's goal of statehood. About 75 countries voted in
favor, with 24 voting against and 34 abstaining in a secret vote held during 86th Interpol
General Assembly on Sept. 26-29 in Beijing.
KNOW MORE
 The State of Palestine and the Solomon Islands are now INTERPOL member countries.
Interpol now has 192 international members.
 Palestine gained observer status at the United Nations in 2012. Also a member of
international criminal court and the United Nations heritage body, Unesco.
 Palestinian Prime Minister: Rami Hamdallah
100) The Geological Survey of India (GSI) is teaming with its Australian counterparts (Geoscience
Australia) to exploit the mineral deposits in India.
KEY POINTS
 It's a three-year project.
 The main components of the initiative are
 Characterising India's geological cover
 investigating India's lithospheric architecture,
 resolving 4D geodynamic and metallogenic evolution
 detecting and characterising the distal footprints of ore deposits
101) The technology sector dominated the annual Interbrand Best Global Brands Report,
released with half of the top ten brands being technology firms.
KNOW MORE
 Apple topped the list Apple topped the charts of Best Global Brands.
 Google and Microsoft attained the second and third spots in the list.
 Facebook is the fastest growing brand in the world followed by Amazon and Adobe.
102) California becomes ‘sanctuary state’ as California Governor Jerry Brown signed “sanctuary
state” legislation that extends protections for immigrants living in the United States illegally ,
a move that gives the nation’s most populous state another tool to fight President Donald
Trump. Brown’s signature means that police will be barred from asking people about their
immigration status or participating in immigration enforcement activities starting Jan. 1. Jail
officials only will be allowed to transfer inmates to federal immigration authorities if they
have been convicted of certain crimes.
103) An independence referendum for Iraqi Kurdistan (Kurdish region of northern Iraq) was held
on 25 September 2017 in which 80 % of voters casted their votes, with preliminary results

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showing approximately 93 percent of votes cast in favour of splitting from the central
government which signified their first step towards independence from Baghdad.
KNOW MORE
 Kurdish Regional Government president Masoud Barzani said that he would not seek a
new term after the crisis sparked by last month’s referendum on independence from
Baghdad.
 The announcement of 93% vote in favour of independence came despite a last-minute
appeal for the result to be "cancelled" from Iraq's prime minister,Haider al-Abadi . He
urged Kurds to instead engage in dialogue with Baghdad "in the framework of the
constitution".
 Iraq's parliament meanwhile asked the prime minister to deploy troops to the oil-rich
region of Kirkuk and other disputed areas held by Kurdish forces.
104) Several protests were held across Australia against Indian mining giant Adani’s proposed
16.5 billion dollars Carmichael coal mine project, which has been delayed for years over
environmental and financing issues. Thousands of protesters took to streets as part of a
National Day of Action calling it an international issue as It’s going to be the biggest coal
mine in the southern hemisphere at a time when climate is crumbling.
105) Asia's biggest gay pride parade at Taipei in Thailand
KEY POINTS
 Taipei witnessed Asia’s largest gay pride parade, the first since Taiwan’s top court ruled
in favour of gay marriage
 The island looks set to become the first place in Asia to legalise gay marriage after the
constitutional court said in May that laws preventing same-sex unions violated the
guarantee of freedom of marriage.
 The Court gave the government two years to implement the decision.
106) The U.S. announced its withdrawal from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization (UNESCO), accusing it of “continuing anti-Israel bias.” Israel has also
decided to pull out of UNESCO.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 UNESCO is the first UN agency to have admitted Palestine as a full member in 2011. As
required by law, the U.S. has stopped funding UNESCO since then. The U.S.
withdrawal will take effect on December 31, 2018. Until then, it will remain a full
member.
107) A BRICS-themed subway train with carriages representing the five member nations
including India has started test operations in China’s southeastern Xiamen city where the
grouping’s summit in the month of September.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 The subway train, which started its test run, has six carriages, five of which represents
different cultures of the BRICS countries — Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.
 The Indian carriage depicts elephants and yoga
 The Chinese carriage is red and displays icons such as the Great Wall and Tian’anmen

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Square.
 The Brazilian carriage is green and decorated with images of footballs and football
stars.
 The Russian carriage shows off the country’s ballet and matryoshka dolls
 The South African carriage displays pictures of diamonds.
 The sixth carriage combines cultural elements from all the five BRICS countries.
108) The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the signing of
"Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC)" between India and Japan on the "Technical Intern
Training Program (TITP)". It is expected that the MoC will pave the way for bilateral
cooperation between the two countries in the area of skill development.
KNOW MORE
 The Technical Intern Training Program (TITP) is an ambitious program to send Indian
technical interns to Japan for on the job training for a period of three to five years.
109) An India-aided technology park at Bir Zeit University in Palestine has become a full-time
member of an international network of science parks. The technology park is now the
member of the International Association of Science Parks and Areas of Innovation (IASP), a
leading global network of such initiatives.
KNOW MORE
 Chair of the Board of Directors and President of Birzeit University: Abdellatif Abuhijleh
 Chief Executive of the Palestine-India Techno Park (PTP) : Laith Kassis.
110) An influential US lawmaker Congresswoman Grace Meng has introduced a Congressional
resolution to commemorate the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi and encouraged
Americans to observe the International Day of on-Violence in honor of the apostle of peace.
111) India and Ethiopia has signed agreements on trade, communication and media to boost
bilateral ties. The agreements were signed after wide-ranging talks between President Ram
Nath Kovind and his Ethiopian counterpart MulatuTeshome at Addis Ababa in
Ethiopia. India’s is third most important trading partner for Ethiopia.Ethiopia continues to be
largest recipient of India’s concessional Lines of Credit in Africa.
112) Russia and the United States agreed to cooperate on a NASA-led project to build the first
lunar space station, part of a long-term project to send humans to Mars. The Russian space
agency Roscosmos and NASA said they had signed a cooperation agreement at an
astronautical congress in Adelaide. The project envisages building a crew-tended spaceport
in lunar orbit that would serve as a “gateway to deep space and the lunar surface”.
113) Bangladesh announced it would build one of the world’s biggest refugee camps to house all
the 800,000-plus Rohingya Muslims who have sought asylum from violence in Myanmar.
Bangladesh authorities plan to expand a refugee camp at Kutupalong near the border town
of Cox’s Bazar to accommodate the Rohingya. The United Nations has praised Bangladesh’s
“extraordinary spirit of generosity” in opening up its borders.
KNOW MORE
 The Rohingya people are a stateless Indo-Aryan people from Rakhine State, Myanmar.
There were an estimated 1 million Rohingya living in Myanmar before the 2016–17

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crisis.
114) India and Japan agreed to explore joint cooperation in the areas of sourcing, swapping and
optimisation of liquefied natural gas sources in the global market and commercial
exploitation of methane hydrates.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 It is a consequence of a bilateral meeting held in Tokyo, Petroleum Minister
Dharmendra Pradhan and Hiroshige Seko, Minister of Economy, Trade, and Industry of
Japan.
 India is the fourth largest importer of LNG in the world.
115) Saudi Arabia has allowed women into the national stadium for the first time as it launched
celebrations to mark the 87th anniversary of its founding with an unprecedented array of
concerts and performances.
KNOW MORE
 The events are part of the government’s Vision 2030 reform programme launched two
years ago to diversify the economy away from oil, create new sectors to employ young
citizens and open up Saudis’ cloistered lifestyles.
116) Mitsubishi-Kawasaki Heavy Industries combine (Japan) and Navantia (Spain)have opted out
of India's proposed project to build six advanced stealth submarines for an estimated Rs
70,000 crore ($10.9 billion) through a collaboration between a foreign ship-builder and an
Indian shipyard. Four ship-builders, Naval Group-DCNS (France), ThyssenKrupp Marine
Systems (Germany), Rosoboronexport Rubin Design Bureau (Russia) and Saab
Kockums (Sweden) have responded to the initial RFI (request for information) issued by
the Indian Navy for the conventional submarine programme called Project-75 (India).
KNOW MORE
 Under Project-75 (I), which has been languishing in the files for over a decade after it
was granted 'acceptance of necessity' in November 2007, the Indian Navy wants the
six new diesel-electric submarines to have land-attack cruise missiles, air-independent
propulsion for greater underwater endurance and the capability to integrate indigenous
weapons and sensors as and when they are developed.
117) The most powerful bomb blast ever witnessed in Somalia’s capital killed 276 people with
around 300 others injured.The Mogadishu bombing is one of the deadliest attacks in sub-
Saharan Africa, larger than the Garissa University attack in Kenya in 2015 and the US
Embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998.
118) According to New York-based global communications firm Cohn & Wolfe, Search engine
giant Google has emerged as the most authentic brand in the country, followed by
Microsoft, Amazon, Maruti Suzuki and Apple.
119) The secessionist leader of Catalonia called for international mediation in the region's
dispute with Madrid when Spain had ruled the referendum of independence of Catalonia
illegal. Catalonia regional parliament uses the 90 vote in favour of independence in the
referendum as justification for a unilateral declaration of independence. The independence
referendum in Catalonia was declared illegal by the Spanish government

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120) The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has highlighted its intention to make 2020 a unique year for
the country's space sector by launching the first Arab probe to Mars, thereby making 2020
'Unique Year for Space Sector' .
KNOW MORE
 The announcement was made during the official statement made by the UAE delegation
to the UN Special Political and Decolonisation Committee (Fourth Committee) on the
item pertaining to "International cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space."
 The statement also referred to the efforts made by the by the UAE to launch the first
Arab probe, "The Probe of Hope" to Mars, by 2020.
121) London's £10 T-charge
People driving older, more polluting petrol and diesel vehicles will be liable for the £10 T-
charge (officially known as the Emissions Surcharge), on top of the congestion charge of
£11.50, which has been in place since 2003.
KEY POINTS
 The London Mayor Sadiq Khan has introduced the charge in an effort to improve air
quality in the capital.
 London now has the world’s toughest emissions standard with older, more polluting
vehicles
 It is applicable to pre-Euro 4 vehicles. Pre-Euro 4 vehicles are typically those registered
before 2006.
122) Singapore to freeze number of cars on its roads
Singapore, one of the most expensive places in the world to buy a vehicle, has announced it
will freeze the number of private cars on its roads from next year but vowed to expand
public transport
KEY POINTS
 The measure will be reviewed in 2020.
 This will help the nation of 5.6 million avoid the traffic jams that choke other Asian
cities.
 There were more than 600,000 private cars in Singapore at the end of 2016.
123) Two wealthy regions of northern Italy, Lombardy and Veneto, began voting in referendums
for autonomy, ballots that could fan regional tensions in Europe at a time when neighbouring
Spain is striving to prevent Catalonia from breaking away. Unlike the Spanish region of
Catalonia, which held an independence referendum on Oct. 1 despite it being ruled
unconstitutional, the Italian referendums are within the law.
124) The world's first floating wind farm, Hywind in Scotland has started delivering electricity to
the Scottish grid.
KNOW MORE
 Norwegian energy firm Statoil has been working on developing the project, known as
Hywind, for more than 15 years.
 Five giant turbines have been tethered to the seabed about 15 miles from Peterhead in
Aberdeenshire.

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 The wind farm has been officially opened by Nicola Sturgeon.


 The project will generate enough power for about 20,000 homes, was testament to
Scotland's "international reputation" for renewable energy.
125) The Canadian province of Quebec has passed a law banning face coverings which prohibits
public workers from wearing the niqab or burqa and bars citizens from wearing a veil when
riding public transit or receiving government services.

KNOW MORE
 The law was initially meant to ban face coverings for those offering or receiving
services from government departments and provincially funded institutions, such as
universities. However, in August, the legislation was amended to apply to
municipalities, school boards, public health services and transit authorities, raising the
possibility that women wearing a niqab or burqa in Quebec would not be able to take
the metro or ride on the city bus. “As long as the service is being rendered, the face
should be uncovered”.
 The legislation does not provide for an exemption for all those who provide spiritual
care or religious instruction, as well as those who are forced to cover their faces due to
nature of their working conditions or occupational hazards.
126) U.S.-backed forces in Syria claimed that they had full control of the Islamic State’s onetime
capital of Raqqa, heralding an end to the militants’ presence(Islamic state). Islamic state took
control of Raqqa on the Euphrates River in 2014, transforming it into the epicenter of their
brutal rule, where opponents were beheaded and terror plots hatched. With the loss of
Raqqa, the Islamic State’s remaining areas of concentration are mostly in Syria’s Deir al-
Zour and Iraq’s Anbar provinces, and a few scattered pockets elsewhere.
KNOW MORE
 For subjective analysis you may follow
127) Australia's Deputy PM -Barnaby Joyce was disqualified from Parliament over dual
citizenship
KEY POINTS
 Barnaby Joyce ousted by High Court ruling but can stand in December by-election in bid
for immediate return on condition he renounces New Zealand passport
 The seven judges rejected the government’s argument that five of the politicians –
including three cabinet members – should be exempt from the ban because they had
not voluntarily acquired or retained citizenship of another country.
128) Argentinian Pope Francis discusses life's biggest questions with International Space Station
astronauts orbiting the Earth.He is the second second pope to speak to astronauts orbiting
the Earth with live streamed video call from the Vatican.. His predecessor, Benedict XVI,
called the ISS in 2011, when Nespoli was on the second of his three missions.

129) President Xi – A Mao-like power

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The Chinese Communist Party has voted to put Xi into the same pantheon as Communist
Party legends Mao Zedong(the founder of modern China), and Deng Xiaoping (the iconic
reformer who opened up China’s economy to the world in the 1980s which resulted in its
meteoric rise)
KEY POINTS
 More than 2,300 delegates voted unanimously to enshrine “Xi Jinping Thought on
Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era” into the party’s constitution.
 President Xi will have new power to expand his crackdown on dissent at home
 President Xi can pursue aggressive military moves in the South China Sea
 President Xi can ensure that much of the Chinese economy remains under de facto
state control.
 The Chinese Communist Party has only added only one leader, Mao, to the
constitution while he was alive. The party added Deng’s name and vision for China
to the constitution after he died in 1997.
130) Singapore passport ranked the worlds most powerful.For the first time ever, an Asian
country has the most powerful passport in the world.
KEY POINTS
 Passport Index, which keeps track of how useable such documents are, said the
city-state grabbed the top spot after Paraguay removed restrictions for
Singaporeans
 Germany came in second place, with its citizens able to visit 158 countries without
a visa, while Sweden and South Korea tied for third.
 Passport Index ranks passports worldwide based on the cross-border access a
holder has. It was developed by Canada-based global consultancy Arton Capital.
131) Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon.com, Passes Bill Gates to Become the World’s Richest Person
KEY POINTS
 A post-earnings surge in Amazon.com Inc. shares pushed Jeff Bezos to the top of the
Bloomberg Billionaires Index for the first time
 Bezos had a net worth of $93.8 billion, $5.1 billion ahead of Gates
132) Burundi becomes first nation to leave international criminal court: Burundi became the first
nation ever to leave the international criminal court, set up 15 years ago to prosecute those
behind the world’s worst atrocities. Set up in 2002, the ICC based in the Hague has often
come under fire from some countries who claim it is unfairly targeting African nations.
KEY POINTS
 The ICC now has 123 member stateswho have ratified the 1998 Rome Statute, the
guidelines which underpin the work of the tribunal.
 But Burundi’s snub triggered a wave of copy-cat moves from other African countries.
South Africa and Gambia said they would both follow suit, but later reversed their
decisions. And Kenya and Uganda have also threatened to leave, but not acted on it yet.
 Zambia meanwhile has held public consultations, with an overwhelming 93% of those
who participated opting to stay within the court.

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133) Trump Declares Opioid Crisis a ‘Health Emergency’


It’s the deadliest drug crisis in American history. It kills about 90 Americans every day.
KEY POINTS
 Opioids are drugs formulated to replicate the pain reducing properties of opium.
 They include both legal painkillers like morphine, oxycodone, or hydrocodone
prescribed by doctors for acute or chronic pain, as well as illegal drugs like heroin or
illicitly made fentanyl.
 The word "opioid" is derived from the word ‘opium’
134) Spain Dismisses Catalonia Government After Region Declares Independence.
KEY POINTS
 Spain’s leader, Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy, fired the government of the rebellious
Catalonia region and dissolved the regional parliament and also ordered new elections
after Catalan lawmakers, underCatalan leader-CarlesPuigdemont, illegally declared an
independent nation.
 Fueled by a distinct language and culture as well as economic grievances, aspirations
for a separate state have percolated for generations in Catalonia.
 The Spanish Senate in Madrid voted 214 to 47 to invoke Article 155 of Spain’s
Constitution, granting Mr. Rajoy extraordinary powers to seize direct administrative
control over the region and remove secessionist politicians, including Mr. Puigdemont,
the Catalan leader.

GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES

135) President Ram Nath Kovind has launched 100 crore rupees Mata Amritanandamayi Math
Project "Jeevamritham "to provide filtration system for cleaning drinking water to 5000
villages across India, in kollam district in kerala.
136) Shri Ram Nath Kovind presented the Vayoshreshtha Samman – a scheme of National Awards
for senior citizens.
137) The Union Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) has launched online campaign
#IamThatWoman in an attempt to end Gender bias in women against women. It was
launched by WCD Minister Meneka Gandhi.
138) The Union Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports has launched ‘Sanitease’ under its social
development activity, Swachhagraha. Under project ‘Sanitease’, Swachhagraha would reach
out to both urban and rural schools at the secondary level and compile the data on female
students and sanitary napkins required per month.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 The project is being carried out in association with the Nehru Kendra Sanghatana and
Aquakraft Projects Pvt.
139) Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) was launched at Vadnagar in Gujarat which focused
on "Let no child suffer from any vaccine-preventable disease".Through this programme,
Government of India aims to reach each and every child under two years of age and all those

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pregnant women who have been left uncovered under the routine immunisation
programme.

140) Sampoorna Bima Gram (SBG) Yojana has been launched for expansion of clientele base of
Postal Life Insurance.The aim is to provide affordable life insurance services to people living
in rural areas of the country.
141) Two World Bank schemes, Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for
Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP) and Skill Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement
(STRIVE) have been approved by the centre to boost Skill India Mission. STRIVE scheme will
incentivize ITIs to improve overall performance including apprenticeship by involving s
(Small Scale Enterprises) and business assosciations. SANKALP scheme envisages setting up
of Trainers and Assessors academies with self-sustainable models.
142) My Home-My Neighborhood’ (Ghar Bi Saaf-PadosBhiSaaf) campaign has been launched by
the Union Government for two years under the Swachta hi Seva Campaign for solid waste
management.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 Neighborhood action plan leads to substantial reduction in the quantum of solid
wastesent to landfill besides enabling better performance of Waste-to –Compost and
Waste-to-Energy plants. Neighborhood could be a residential housing society, a
colony,mohalla, market area .
143) 'Hunar Haat' has been inaugurated in the state of Pondicherry providing a platform to
master artisans and craftsmen to display, as well as sell their products.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 The ‘HunarHaat‘ is being organised at Craft Bazaar, Gandhi Thidal Beach, Goubert
Avenue, Pondicherry.
 The ministry has prepared an E-Portal to provide national as well as international
market to the artisans and craftsmen from across the country.
144) On the occasion of its 85th anniversary, the Indian Air Force has launched an innovative
mobile health App named `MedWatch' in keeping with the Prime Minister's vision of ‘Digital
India'. MedWatch’, the first mobile health app in the three Armed Services, was launched
by Air Chief Marshal BS Dhanoa .
145) A portal namely ‘PENCIL’ (Platform for Effective Enforcement for No Child Labour) has been
launched to combat the menace of child labour, trafficking and sexual abuse. Kailash
Satyarthi, who inauguratedPENCILis in the Bharat Yatrato raise awareness about child
sexual abuse and trafficking and PENCIL.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 PENCIL is launched to foster the creation of a child labour free India, which will
seamlessly integrate implementing and monitoring mechanisms for both, enforcement
of the legislative provisions and effective implementation of the National Child Labour
Project (NCLP).
 The Bharat Yatra is the launch of the three-year campaign against child rape and child

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sexual abuse.
146) Prime Minister, ShriNarendraModi launched the PradhanMantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana,
or Saubhagya, at New Delhi. The aim of this scheme is to provide power to all homes.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 Prime Minister dedicated a new ONGC building - the DeendayalUrjaBhawanon the
occasion of the birth anniversary ( 25th September, 1916) of Pandit Deendayal
Upadhyay.
 The Prime Minister also dedicated to the nation, the Booster Compressor Facility in
Bassein Gas Field.
 The Prime Minsiter had set a target of electrifying over 18000 unelectrified villages
within 1000 days and now less than 3000 villages are left to be electrified.
147) DivyangSarathi mobile application has been launched aiming to provide all relevant
information pertaining to persons with disabilities.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 This application has been developed by the two Assistant Secretaries (AnunayaJha and
B. Susheela) in the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD).
 According to the Census 2011, there are over 2.68 crore 'Divyangjans' in India which
constitute more than 2.2 per cent of the population.
 The mobile application 'DivyangSarathi' is compliant with the principles of UNCRPD for
Universal Access and the provisions of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act,
2016.
 This mobile application is bound to empower the 'Divyangjans' by providing easier and
convenient access of information to them as they can now understand all details
pertaining to the schemes, scholarships, statutes, institutional support systems and
other relevant and crucial information at the click of a button.
148) Karnataka Launches mid-day Meals Scheme for Pregnant Women: The Karnataka
government launched the Rs. 302-crore Mathru Poorna scheme, aimed at providing free
mid-day meals to pregnant and lactating women in rural areas.

LEGAL NEWS

149) The Criminal Laws (Rajasthan Amendment) Ordinance, 2017, promulgated on 7 September
has been passed by Rajasthan Government which seeks to protect both serving and former
judges, magistrates and public servants in Rajasthan from being investigated for on-duty
action without its prior sanction.
KNOW MORE
 It bars the media from reporting on accusations till the sanction to proceed with the
probe is obtained.
 The bill provides that ‘no magistrate shall order an investigation nor will any
investigation be conducted against a person, who is or was a judge or a magistrate or
a public servant’, thereby providing 180 days immunity to the officers.

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 The ordinance amends the Criminal Code of Procedure, 1973 and also seeks curb on
publishing and printing or publicising in any case the name, address, photograph,
family details of the public servants. Violating the clause would call for two years
imprisonment.
150) Sexual intercourse with minor (below 18 years) wife is rape.
A two Judge Bench of Supreme Court comprising Justice Madan B Lokur and Justice Deepak
Gupta in Independent Thought vs Union of India & Anthr. held that sexual intercourse with
minor (below 18 years) wife is rape thereby amending Section 375(2) of IPC.
Before the verdict , Section 375(2) mentioned that sexual intercourse or sexual acts by a
man with his own wife,( the wife not being under 15 years of age), is not rape.
After the verdict , Exception 2 to Section 375 of the IPC to now be meaningfully read as:
“Sexual intercourse or sexual acts by a man with his own wife, the wife not being under
eighteen years of age, is not rape.”
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 The PIL was filed by NGO Independent Thought.
 The NGO’s lawyer Gaurav Agrawal has challenged the validity of Exception 2 to Section
375 (which defines rape) of the IPC (as amended by the Criminal Law (Amendment)
Act, 2013), as violative of Articles 14, 15 and 21 of the Constitution which permits
intrusive sexual intercourse with a girl child aged between 15 to 18 years only on the
ground that she has been married. The PIL argues that such a clause will only promote
child marriage.
 The PIL pointed out the rule’s anomaly with Protection of Children from Sexual
Offences Act, 2012 (POCSO) under which sexual intercourse with a girl child under the
age of 18 years – with or without her consent – would constitute rape.
151) A two Judge Bench of Supreme Court comprising Justices Madan Lokur and UU Lalit has
asked the parties including Government to implement 11 recommendations of committee
Ajith Kumar appointed by the Court, which is coordinating with WhatsApp, Facebook,
Microsoft, Google, Yahoo Etc. to remove rape, gang rape and child pornography videos
from the internet.
KNOW MORE
 Ajit Kumar committee was constituted by Supreme Court while hearing a suo motu PIL
registered on the basis of a letter from NGO-Prajwala to the effect that videos of
sexual violence were being circulated in abundance via internet and WhatsApp.
152) The Supreme Court has directed the Centre to constitute an expert body to give a report and
suggestions to curb suicide incidents arising due to Blue Whale game in the country.A PIL
was filed by the petitioner Sneha Kalita, a practicing advocate, seeking the court to frame
guidelines to regulate the use of the ‘Blue Whale’ game in the country. “The game appears
to goad vulnerable teens into killing themselves. It forces them to perform several dangerous
activities/ tasks, finally leading them to commit suicide,” as stated in the petition.
153) SCW IN STATES

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SC recently asked the Centre whether or not State Commissions for Women really exist
across the country. The top court raised the question as it dealt with the issue of precarious
conditions faced by destitute widows living in Vrindavan and such other places.
KEY FACTS
 Earlier this year in April in the Honorable SC a bench comprising Justice Madan B Lokur
and Justice Deepak Gupta heared a PIL filed by an NGO, Environment and Consumer
Protection Foundation in the year 2007, seeking a direction to the Union of India and
the State of Uttar Pradesh to take all steps to rehabilitate the widows of Vrindavan so as
to bring them to a stage where they can live with diginity.
 National Commission for Women filed a report in the apex court, the statutory
women’s body which was constituted in had recommended fixing of liability on the
children under the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007. It
had said an estimated 5,000 10,000 widows were living
 The National Commission for Women was set up as statutory body in January 1992
under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 (Act No. 20 of 1990 of Govt. of
India) to :
a) review the Constitutional and Legal safeguards for women ;
b) recommend remedial legislative measures ;
c) facilitateredressal of grievances and
d) advise the Government on all policy matters affecting women.
 The first head of the commission was JayantiPatnaik. As of 2017, Rekha Sharma is the
chairperson
 The petition widely quoted the article White Shadows of Vrindavan, written by
AtulSethi, which narrates pathetic and shocking conditions of the widows living in
Vrindavan – begging in temples and then huddling together in hovels.
 The Supreme Court has also formed a committee to study all the reports and provide it
with a common working plan to rehabilitate the widows so as to bring them to a stage
where they can live with diginity.
 The committee consists of the following persons: SuneetaDhar of NGO Jagori,
MeeraKhanna of Guild for Service, AbhaSinghal Joshi, lawyer and activist, a nominee
of HelpAge India, a nominee of Sulabh International, and Aparajita Singh, Supreme
Court.
154) AMENDMENTS TO THE HINDU ADOPTIONS AND MAINTENANCE ACT, 1956 (HAMA)
The Ministry of Women and Child Development is of the view to amend the Hindu Adoptions
and Maintenance Act, 1956 (HAMA)so that adoptions happen only through Juvenile Justice
(Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015.
HAMA allows adoption process between two individuals, in many cases the unregistered
child-care institutions illegally give away/ sell children using this law.
There are several HAMA adoptions which are impossible to track as they are done merely
through a dattgrahan ceremony, Adoptions under HAMA are between two individuals and it
is very difficult to monitor cases of misuse, selling or trafficking of children,

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KEY FACTS
 Adoptions in India are currently guided by HAMA, which is applicable to Hindus,
Buddhists, Jains and Sikhs, the JJ Act, the Model JJ rules 2016 and Adoption Regulations
2017, which are applicable to all irrespective of religion.
 However, the JJ Act states that “nothing in this Act shall apply to the adoption of
children made under the provisions of the HAMA”, thus exempting such adoptions from
all regulations, including vetting by child welfare committees, the police or mandatory
court orders.
155) Citizenship to a robot
Saudi Arabia has officially recognised a humanoid robotas a citizen, marking the first time in
history that an AI device has been awarded such status. Sophia, an intelligent humanoid
robot created by Hanson Robotics
KEY POINTS
 It is unclear whether she will receive the same rights as human citizens, or if Saudi
Arabia will develop a specific system devoted to robots.
 The European parliament is drafting of a set of regulations to govern the use and
creation of robots and artificial intelligence, including a form of “electronic
personhood” to ensure rights and responsibilities for the most capable AI.
 The proposed legal status for robots would be analogous to corporate personhood,
which allows firms to take part in legal cases both as the plaintiff and respondent

ECONOMY

156) Saudi Aramco’s ARAMCO ASIA INDIA office has been inaugurated in Gurugram. Saudi
Arabia is the second largest supplier of crude oil to India after Iraq.
KNOW MORE
 Saudi Aramco through its subsidiary ARAMCO Asia India (AAI) established its formal
business presence in India in 2016.
 AAI would now formally engage in crude oil and LPG marketing, engineering & technical
services, and other business development activities.
157) The government has made biometriidentification Aadhaar mandatory for all post office
deposits, PPF, the National Savings Certificate scheme and Kisan Vikas Patra. Existing
depositors have been given time till December 31, 2017, to provide the 12-digit unique
identification number. The initiative has been taken to weed out the Benami Transactions.
158) Amid worries of an economic slowdown, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has set up a five-
member panel of economists headed by NITI Aayog member Bibek Debroy to advise him on
economic matters.

KNOW MORE
 The economic advisory council includes NITI Aayog's Principal Advisor Ratan Watal as

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its member and economists Surjit Bhalla, Rathin Roy and Ashima Goyal as part-time
members.
 The panel will analyse issues, "economic or otherwise, referred to it by the Prime
Minister", and will advise the prime minister on it.
159) State-owned ONGC has received green clearance for the Rs 456-crore exploratory drilling
project in Sivasagar district of Assam. The company's proposal is to drill 10 wells in the
petroleum lease areas -- Rudrasagar, Geleki, Lakwa, Namti, Mekypore, Santak Nazira -- of
Sivasagar district. The proposed project will help establish hydrocarbons in the block, help
cut the country's oil import bill and reduce imbalance in oil production and consumption.
160) India received its first ever shipment of US crude oil with state-owned Indian Oil Corp (IOC)
importing a 1.6 million barrels parcel at Paradip port in Odisha via MT New Prosperity, a
very large crude carrier (VLCC), with a capacity to haul two million barrels of crude. IOC will
process the crude at its refineries located at Paradip, Haldia (in West Bengal), Barauni
(in Bihar) and Bongaigaon (in Assam).
KNOW MORE
 This is one of the first shipments to India since the United States stopped oil exports in
1975 .
161) The Group of 33 developing countries, including India and China, has proposed to include
procurement of food products from farmers at minimum support price (MSP) and their
distribution at subsidise rates to poor in the global rules of agriculture.
KNOW MORE
 The G33 is a group of developing countries that coordinate on trade and economic
issues. It was created in order to help a group of countries that were all facing similar
problems.
 The G33 has proposed special rules for developing countries at WTO negotiations, like
allowing them to continue to restrict access to their agricultural markets.
162) India’s first APMC yard was established at Fatehpur with near-zero government assistance
by Amreli Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC). what sets it apart from other
APMC-owned yards in India is its being built with hardly any state support or bank loans.
KNOW MORE
 Started in 1953, the Amreli APMC is the oldest in the Saurashtra region.
 The new yard, costing Rs 125 crore, has 10 auction sheds of 25,000 square feet each, an
open bidding space of three lakh square feet, 200 shops/offices, a well-appointed guest
house, a farmer training centre, soil testing lab and produce grading facilities,
underground cabling and storm-water drainage systems.
163) The Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency launched a new Green Masala Bond on
the London Stock Exchange’s new International Securities Market to raise funds to finance
renewable energy projects across India and became the first Green Masla Bond to be listed
on the International Securities Market (ISM).
KNOW MORE
 The five-year dated bond raised approximately $300 million (Rs19.5 billion), with a

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coupon of 7.125%.
 Masala bonds are bonds issued outside India but denominated in Indian Rupees,
rather than the local currency.
 The first Masala bond was issued by the World Bank backed International Finance
Corporation in November 2014 .Later in August 2015 International Financial
Corporation for the first time issued green masala bonds and raised Rupees 3.15 Billion
to be used for private sector investments that address climate change in India.
164) China-led AIIB and multilateral funding agency ADB will co-finance a USD 100-million loan
for India to improve power transmission network and expand the use of solar and wind
energy. Since the AIIB commenced its operations in 2016, the two sides have co-financed
four projects, including the M4 expressway in Pakistan with USD 100 million from each bank.
The second is a natural gas production and transmission project in Bangladesh, with an
aggregate financing of USD 227 million, including USD 167 million from the AIIB.
KNOW MORE
AIIB
a) AIIB(Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank) is a multilateral development bank with a
mission to improve social and economic outcomes in Asia and beyond. AIIB
commenced operations in January 2016 .
b) China is the largest shareholder with 26.06 per cent voting shares in the AIIB bank.
India is the second largest shareholder with 7.5 per cent followed by Russia 5.93 per
cent and Germany with 4.5 per cent.
c) AIIB headquarters: Beijing, China
d) AIIB President: Jin Liqun
e) AIIB Membership: 58 Members; 22 prospective members.
ADB
a) The Asian Development Bank is a regional development bank established on 19
December 1966, which is headquartered in the Ortigas Center located in Mandaluyong,
Metro Manila, Philippines.
b) ADB president: Takehiko Nakao
c) Fouded :19 December 1966
d) Membership: 67 countries
165) 478 million air passengers in 2036 in India
KEY POINTS
 India’s air passengers will rise to 478 million in 2036 on account of the strong demand
in the civil aviation sector as per IATA (The International Air Transport Association)
 India will witness an incredible growth from 141 million passengers in 2016.
 The International Air Transport Association (IATA) 20-year passenger forecast
highlights that a total of 7.8 billion passengers are expected to travel globally in 2036,
with Asia-Pacific region being at the forefront of the demand.
 China will fly the highest number of passengers at 1.5 billion, behind it would be the
United States with 1.1billion in 2036. India would be the third fastest growing market,

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with an expected addition of 337 million new passengers, taking the total to 478
million
165) IDBI Bank said it has launched ‘Project Nishchay’ in partnership with The Boston Consulting
Group (BCG) to accelerate the struggling lender's turnaround programme and improve
financial performance.
166) Amazon has launched a marketplace for small and medium enterprises to buy products
from its online platform, taking on German retail giant Metro AG which has a cash and carry
business in India.
167) AMUL tweeted to the Indian Railways: The dairy giant Amul tweeted the Indian Railways
with their business proposition to the Railways, seeking permission to use their refrigerated
parcel vans to transport Amul butter to different parts of India.
KEY POINTS
 Indian Railways had made the refrigerated parcel vans’ service available a few years
ago with an aim to allow the transportation of presumable products such as vegetable,
fruits poultry products, etc.
 The service is available on selective routines, however, the refrigerated parcel vans are
supposedly lying defunct.
168) Uday Kotak Committee formed by Sebi (Securities and Exchange Board of India) on
Corporate Governance recommended
a) Minimum of six directors on the board of listed firms. At present, the Companies Act,
2013, requires a minimum of three directors on the board of a public limited company.
b) On the minimum number of members required for calling a board meeting, the
committee recommended that the quorum for every board meeting of the listed entity
should be a minimum of three directors or one-third of the total strength of the board
of directors, which ever is higher, including at least one independent director.As of
now, the Companies Act requires a quorum of one-third of the total strength of the
board of directors or two directors, which ever is higher, for every board meeting.
KNOW MORE
 SEBI headquarters: Mumbai
 SEBI Chairman: Ajay Tyagi
 A public company is one which is formed by 7 or more persons according to Section 3
(1)(a) of Companies Act,2013,effective from April 1,2014.

169) World crude steel production experienced a 5.6 per cent spike
KEY POINTS
 The World Steel Association which collates production data for 66 countries reporting
to it, said in the first nine months of 2017, India produced 75.2 mt of steel, up 5.7%
over 71.2 mt in January-September 2016.
 India, which is tipped to topple Japan and emerge as the second largest global steel

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producer after China, maintained its momentum, producing 8.2 mt of steel in


September 2017 up 1.9% over last year.
170) $300 Million Loan to Promote Further Fiscal Reforms in West Bengal: The Asian
Development Bank’s (ADB) Board of Directors has approved a loan of $300 million to
continue a comprehensive series of fiscal reforms in West Bengal to bring about more
accessible, affordable, and high quality public services.
KEY POINTS
 The first ADB policy-based loan of $400 million in 2012 for the first West Bengal
Development Finance Program aimed to create the fiscal space necessary to sustain
higher public investment in the state.
 It laid the foundations for improved targeting of scarce public resources to improve
overall efficiency in spending.
171) Global tenders by Railways
Indian Railways will float first ever global tenders to buy rails, as Steel Authority of India
(SAIL), its sole supplier, can’t meet the transporter’s increased demand
NOTE
 Railways in the wake of a spate of rail accidents, has identified track renewal as a
focus area to prevent such incidents from taking place.
172) China’s GDP rose from 54 trillion to 80 trillion yuan over the past five years as the
Communist giant maintained its rank as the world’s second largest economy and contributed
over 30 per cent of the global economic growth.
173) The first investment agreement between NIIF(National Investment and Infrastructure Fund)
Master Fund and a wholly owned subsidiary of Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (ADIA) has
been signed . ADIA will become the first institutional investor in NIIF’s Master Fund and a
shareholder in the NIIF’s investment management Company.

174) Rising Billionaires


The number of Asian billionaires has outstripped the US ones for the first time ever as per
analysis of UBS and PriceWaterhouseCoopers, However, US still has the greatest amount of
billionaire wealth.
NOTE
 75% of the world’s new billionaires are from India and China
 One billionaire is created every three weeks in China
 In 4 years time it’s expected that Asia will overtake US in terms othe world's largest
concentration of wealth.
175) India's pension system ranked
India has been ranked 28 out of the 30 countries under review in the Melbourne Mercer
Global Pension Index 2017, which was topped by Denmark for the sixth straight year
NOTE
 According to the index, India's overall index value has increased from 43.4 in 2016 to
44.9 in 2017 and its pension system is found to be more sustainable than that of Poland,

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Germany, France, Japan, Italy, Austria, Brazil, China and Argentina.


176) Family-Owned Businesses
India has 108 publicly-listed family-owned businesses, third highest in the world, while China
tops the tally with 167 such companies followed by the US which has 121, according to the
Credit Suisse report.As per the Credit Suisse Research Institute's(CSRI) latest ‘CS Family 100’
report, with an average market capitalization of USD 6.5 billion, India ranks 5th in Asia Pacific
excluding Japan, and 22nd globally, in terms of average m-cap.
KEY POINTS
The top 5 countries in terms of number of family-owned companies include-
1. China 2. USA 3. India 4. France 5. Hong Kong
Average market capitalization of family-owned companies is greatest in Spain (USD 30
billion), the Netherlands (USD 30 billion) and Japan (USD 24 billion).
177) India has overtaken the United States to become the second-largest smartphone market in
the world, trailing China, according to independent tech analyst Canalys.One of the main
reasons for this boost were the low barriers to entry India affords mobile phone
manufacturers — there is strong competition among Samsung, Xiaomi, Vivo, Oppo, and
Lenovo, the top five vendors in the country.
178) Market capitalization of Rs. 6-trillion
MukeshAmbani-led Reliance Industries Limited has reached yet another milestone by
becoming the first Indian company ever to cross a market capitalization of Rs. 6-trillion.
NOTE
 Its shares recently hit an all-new lifetime high; its current market valuation stands at
Rs. 6.02-trillion. Its shares surged over 75% in 2017 so far.
 The recent tariff hike byReliance Jio also contributed to RIL's stock price rise.
179) The International Monetary Fund (IMF) estimates India could provide a universal basic
income (UBI) of Rs 2,600 a year to every person if it eliminates food and energy
subsidies. The calculations are based on 2011-12 data and would therefore need to be
adjusted for sharp decline in fuel subsidies under the NDA government and better targeting
of other subsidies through Aadhaar that has reduced overall subsidies.
180) All about economic growth and economy
Note
 Asian Development Bank has downgraded India's growth projection to 7 per cent for
the current financial year 2017-18( a 0.4 percentage point drop from the April
forecast.) In financial year 2018-19, the forecast is adjusted down to 7.4 per cent, from
7.6 per cent."
 The International Monetary Fund (IMF) in its latest World Economic Outlook Report
has forecasted India’s growth to a four-year low of 6.7 per cent for the financial year
2017-18 due to demonetisation and the goods and services tax (GST).
 GDP to Hit $6 trillion by 2027 on Digital Leap: Morgan Stanley Report : India is likely to
be the world’s fastest-growing large economy in the next 10 years, driven by
digitisation, favourable demographics, globalisation and reforms, according to the

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Morgan Stanley report.


 According to NITI Aayog Vice-Chairman Rajiv Kumar, GDP is likely to grow at 6.9-7 %
this fiscal (2017-18) and 7.5% in 2018-19.
 The Reserve Bank of India revised real GVA growth projection for 2017-18 down to 6.7
per cent from the August 2017 projection of 7.3 per cent.
 The Centre’s fiscal deficit for April-August(first five months) stood at 96 per cent of the
full-year target of Rs 5.46 lakh crore, the highest ever for this period compared to any
previous year, despite cut in capital expenditure in August. For the same period last
year, the fiscal deficit stood at 76.4 per cent of the full-year target.
181) Rafale Fighter French company Dassault Aviation SA will invest €100 million (around Rs760
crore) in its joint venture with Anil Ambani’s Reliance Group to manufacture components for
its aircraft.
NOTE
 The joint venture, Dassault Reliance Aerospace Ltd, will manufacture aircraft
components as part of the offset obligation connected to the purchase of 36 Rafale
fighter jets from France
 Production will begin from 2018.
182) $65.5 Million Loan to support Coastal Protection in Karnataka
To check coastal erosion on the western coast in Karnataka the Asian Development Bank
(ADB) and the Government of India have signed a $65.5 million loan agreement.
KEY POINTS
 The loan is the second tranche of a $250 million financing facility under the Sustainable
Coastal Protection and Management Investment Program.
 The financing will be used to address immediate coastal protection needs and
strengthen Karnataka’s Public Works, Ports, and Inland Water Transport Department.
 Coastal area development is one of the priority sectors for Government of India.
183) A new World Payment Report stated that the initiatives of the government and the National
Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) will help non-cash transactions grow at a compound
annual growth rate of 26.2 percent during 2016 to 2020.
KNOW MORE
 The World Payment Report 2017 was jointly commissioned by Capgemini and BNP
Paribas. The report is about digital payments and transactions all around the world and
their progress. According to the report, India could potentially make its way into the
global top 10 markets in terms of non-cash transaction volumes
184) The Railways’ first of solar set plants with a total capacity of 5 megawatt peak (MWp) has
been launched in New Delhi the Capital, to reduce its carbon footprint. The project is part of
the government’s National Solar Mission in which the Railways plans to commission 1,000
MWp solar plants across its network.

NOTE
 The plants on the rooftops of HazratNizamuddin, New Delhi, AnandVihar and Delhi

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railway stations will generate 76.5 lakh units of solar power cumulatively per year, and
shall meet about 30 per cent of the energy requirement of these stations.
 Through the project, the Railways will save 421.4 lakh annually and will reduce 6,082
tonnes of CO2 emissions.
185) M.V. IDM DOODLE
M.V. IDM DOODLE- a Roll on Roll off cum general cargo vessel carrying a consignment of 185
trucks from Chennai Port to Mongla port in Bangladesh was flagged off by he Minister of
Shipping, Road Transport and Highways and Water Resources, River Development and Ganga
Rejuvenation Nitin Gadkari
KEY POINTS
 Transport through the sea route will save about 15-20 days of travel time amuch time is
lost at the congested Petrapole-Benapolecheck point at the Indo Bangladesh border.
 Chennai Port started coastal RoRo voyage on August 8, 2016, when 800 Hyundai cars
were shipped on RoRo vessels from Chennai to Pipavav for local distribution.
 Besides saving time, coastal transport will also be more cost effective and environment
friendly.
 The fuel consumption at per tonne cargo is much lower via sea route, so transportation
by sea will also reduce carbon footprints on the environment.
 Initiatives like this are aimed at providing innovative logistic chain solutions under
Sagarmala.
 The ultimate objective is to save logistic costs and time of transportation and boosting
trade by making Indian goods competitive in International markets.
186) Offshore patrol vessel (OPV)
An offshore patrol vessel (OPV), entirely developed in-house by Larsen and Toubro and the
country’s first-ever such defence craft to be built in a private shipyard, was handed over to
the Coast Guard. The vessel is named “Vikram”.
NOTE
 This is the first of the seven vessels for which the Rs 1,432-crore contract had been
awarded by the Ministry of Defence in March 2015
 The vessel, equipped with modern weapon and state-of-the-art radar systems, would
be deployed for day and night surveillance patrol, search and rescue and in pollution
response operations in exclusive economic zones of the country

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

187) Recently, in Kutch, Gujarat a Jurassic-era fossil seemingly a fusion a dolphin and lizard was
discovered.
KEY POINTS
 The 5.5 metre-long skeleton is thought to belong to the Ophthalmosauridae family,
which likely lived between 165 and 90 million years ago
 Ichthyosaurs, or ‘fish- lizards’ in Greek, were large reptiles that lived at the same time

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as dinosaurs.
 Many ichthyosaur fossils have been found in North America and Europe but the fossil
record in the Southern Hemisphere has mostly been limited to South America and
Australia.
 It’s the first Jurassic ichthyosaur found in India
188) Lusi, the world's largest mud eruption that began on the Indonesian island of Java in 2006,
is not stopping any time soon as deep underground it is connected to a nearby volcanic
system.The scorching magma from the Arjuno-Welirang volcano has essentially been
"baking" the organic-rich sediments underneath Lusi.
KNOW MORE
 The Lusi eruption began on May 29, 2006 and by September 2006 enough mud gushed
on the surface to fill 72 Olympic-sized swimming pools daily.
 Lusi is a hybrid between a mud volcano and a hydrothermal vent, and its connection to
the nearby volcano will keep sediments cooking for years to come.
189) World’s deepest lake, Lake Baikal is undergoing its gravest crisis as the government bans the
catching of a Omul fish that has lived in the world's deepest lake for centuries but is now
under threat.

KNOW MORE
 Baikal in Russia's Siberia holds one-fifth of the world's unfrozen fresh water.
 It is a natural wonder of "exceptional value to evolutionary science" and is listed as a
World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
 Baikal's high biodiversity includes over 3,600 plant and animal species, most of which
are endemic to the lake.
190) Mizoram’s Dampa Tiger Reserve is the holder of the highest number of clouded leopards,
locally knows as ‘Kelral’ in Southeast Asia. The density of population of clouded leopards is
5.14 per 100 sq km in the Dampa Tiger Reserve, situated along the Mizoram-Bangladesh-
Tripur.
191) The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved for the first time a test(The
cobas Zika test, manufactured by Roche Molecular Systems Inc) for detecting the Zika virus
in donated blood. The Zika virus is transmitted primarily by mosquitos (Aedes aegypti), but
it can also spread through blood transfusion and sexual contact.
192) A compound called BTSA1 is the first compound that directly drives cancer cells to commit
suicide while sparing healthy cells, paving the way for faster and more efficient treatments
with fewer side effects. The compound called BTSA1 combats cancer by triggering apoptosis
– an important process that rids the body of unwanted or malfunctioning cells
193) Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT ) in Roorkee have discovered the anti-
viral properties of the drug piperazine to develop a cure for Chikungunya.
KNOW MORE
 Chikungunya is an infectious viral disease which is transmitted to humans by
mosquitoes infected with the virus. Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne viral disease first

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described during an outbreak in southern Tanzania in 1952. It is an RNA virus that


belongs to the alphavirus genus of the family Togaviridae.
 Piperazine is a drug commonly used in deworming treatments against roundworm and
pinworm.
194) San Diego Wisdom Scale (SD-WISE) has been discovered by scientists at United States that
can measure a person’s wisdom – a trait believed to be governed by specific regions of the
brain. Studies suggest that wisdom may be defined by six specific domains and that these
domains are linked to distinct regions of the brain, based upon neuroimaging and other
scientific evidence.
195) Researchers from the Utah State University (USU) in the US have designed an ultra-light
form of aluminium that floats on water, paving the way for novel uses of the material in
future spacecraft and automobiles. Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull of Australia announced
that Australia would create its own space agency to increase its share of the $330 billion
space economy.It would be part of Australia’s development of an innovation and science
economy.
196) Scientists at the University of Central Florida in US, have generated the 53-attosecond pulse
(fastest and shortest light pulse) that will help capture sharper-than-ever images of fast-
moving electrons and enable advancements in smartphone and computer technologies.
197) Engineers in Morocco are preparing to test the Arab world’s first high-speed railway with
trains reaching 320 kilometres per hour. The 350-kilometre (215-mile) link between
Casablanca and Tangiers via the capital Rabat will slash journey times between the North
African country’s economic hubs by almost two thirds, to just over two hours. The project is
50 percent financed by France with loans of around $2.4 billion (2 billion euros).
198) A Chinese company has produced the world's first unmanned,U650 amphibious commercial
aircraft, with plans to use it to deliver goods, transport supplies to islands and detect
submarines.
KNOW MORE
 Liu Jiandong is the founder and chairman of UVS Intelligence System, a privately
owned drone-maker in Shanghai.
 The U650 was developed based on Spain's Colyaer Freedom S100 amphibious
ultralight aircraft, whose intellectual property rights were wholly acquired by the
Shanghai company, according to UVS.
 U650 aircraft can fly above, and land on, water.
199) China launched the world’s first 2,000-km-long ‘hack proof’ quantum communication line
between Beijing and its commercial capital Shanghai that cannot be wiretapped. Quantum
communications have ultra-high security. It is impossible to wiretap, intercept or crack the
information transmitted through them.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 The line is the world’s first trunk line of secure quantum telecommunications.
 The Jing-Hu (Beijing-Shanghai) Trunk Line connects Beijing, Jinan, Hefei and Shanghai.
 The line is connected with the world’s first quantum satellite, nicknamed ‘Micius’,

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which was launched by China in August last year, through a station in Beijing.
200) Britain’s first solar power farm at Clayhill to operate without a government subsidy is due to
open in eastern England, as a sharp fall in costs has made renewable energy much more
economical. The 10 megawatt (MW) solar farm, in Clayhill, Bedfordshire, can generate
enough electricity to power around 2,500 homes and also has a 6 MW battery storage facility
on site.
201) According to the the report released by Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency,
India’s greenhouse gas emissions rose by an alarming 4.7% in 2016, compared to the
previous year due to rising coal consumption by 4%. The US saw a decline of 2% and even
China reported a decrease of 0.3%.
202) A NASA study has found that the 2015-16 El Nino—one of the largest on record—caused the
largest annual increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration seen in at least 2,000
years. The impacts of El Nino-related heat and drought occurring in tropical regions of South
America, Africa and Indonesia were responsible for the record spike in global carbon dioxide.
KNOW MORE
 El Nino refers to a band of warm ocean water that develops in the Pacific Ocean and
causes global changes of both temperatures and rainfall.
203) The elusive ‘Planet Nine’ does exist, and may be 10 times the mass of the Earth but
substantially lower than the masses of ice giants Uranus and Neptune and 20 times away
from the Sun than Neptune. Planet Nine could turn out to be our solar system’s missing
‘super Earth’ .
204) The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries launched a
Japanese H-IIA rocket with the Michibiki-4 communications satellite from the space centre
on Tanegashima Island. It is the fourth and final satellite that makes up its terrestrial
positioning network system, which will improve the current GPS services and help create a
better communications system during a disaster.
205) 4th gravitational wave was detected by LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave
Observatory) and Virgo observatory from Europe scientists on 14 August 2017, that is the
fourth detection of a merging binary black hole system.

KNOW MORE
 In February 2016, scientists at the US based LIGO announced detection of gravitational
waves rising from the merger of two black holes 1.3 billion years ago.
 These gravitational waves, if detected, will carry signatures of their origin, explaining
much about the nature of gravity and the origin of the universe.
 Soon after the February 2016 discovery,Indian Government has given approval to set
up a detector in India. LIGO-India project is being piloted by the department of atomic
energy and department of science and technology.
 Gravitational waves can be explained as ripples in the fabric of space-time which can
only be caused by massive astronomical events such as neutron stars or black holes
orbiting each other so that these waves would finally radiate from them.

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206) NASA’s New Horizons mission revolutionized our knowledge of Pluto when it discovered giant
knife blades of ice on the surface of Pluto whose origin had remained a mystery. The
structures are made almost entirely of methane ice, and likely formed as a specific kind of
erosion wore away their surfaces, leaving dramatic crests and sharp divides.
207) NASA has delayed the launch of James Webb Space Telescope from French Guiana from
October 2018 to the spring of 2019, citing spacecraft-integration issues.
KNOW MORE
 It will the world’s most powerful space telescope ever built
 It is a successor of Hubble Space Telescope.
208) Scientists, including one of Indian origin, have identified five pairs of supermassive black
holes, each millions of times the mass of the Sun, that could help better understand the
phenomenon of gravitational waves. The black hole pairs were uncovered by combining data
from a suite of different observatories, including NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory, the
Wide-Field Infrared Sky Explorer Survey (WISE), and the ground-based Large Binocular
Telescope in Arizona.
209) NASA’s Hubble space telescope finds hot exoplanet that ‘snows’ sunscreen
KEY POINTS
 The planet, called Kepler-13Ab, circles very close to its host star, Kepler-13A
 Kepler-13Ab, which is more than 1,730 light-years from Earth
 As it is so close to its parent star that it is tidally locked therefore, one side of the planet
always faces the star and the other side is in permanent darkness.
 The problem is the sunscreen — titanium oxide — precipitation only happens on the
planet’s permanent nighttime side, leaving the sizzling hot, daytime side, without
protection.
 The observations confirm a theory that this kind of precipitation could occur on
massive, hot planets with powerful gravity.
210) Elon Musk, founder and CEO of SpaceX said that SpaceX was aiming for cargo missions to
the Mars(Red Planet) in 2022 and crew with cargo by 2024, thereby unveiling its plans to
put humans on Mars as early as 2024. He said that the new BFR could carry a 40-carriage
spaceship to Mars with two or three people occupying each carriage.
211) An unexpectedly strong solar storm hit Mars on September 11, sparking a global aurora
more than 25 times brighter than ever before and doubling radiation levels on the red
planet.
KNOW MORE
 A global aurora more than 25 times brighter than ever before was seen by the MAVEN
orbiter, which has been studying the Martian atmosphere’s interaction with the solar
wind since 2014.
 It produced radiation levels on the surface more than double than before, measured
by the Curiosity rover’s Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD) since that mission’s
landing in 2012.

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212) NASA’s odyssey orbiter, the longest-lived mission to Mars ( Odyssey began orbiting the Red
Planet in 2001 ) has taken the first image of Phobos(Martian moon) by the Thermal
Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) camera and produced a colour-coded image revealing
surface temperatures of the Martian moon considered to be a potential future human-
mission outpost.
213) Institute of Space Astrophysics in Orsay, France and University of Edinburgh, UK first detected
roughly half of the normal matter in our universe – protons, neutrons and electrons which
was unaccounted for by previous observations of stars, galaxies and other bright objects in
space.
214) NASA has authorized a second extension of the Dawn mission at Ceres, the largest object in
the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. . During this extension, the spacecraft will
descend to lower altitudes than ever before at the dwarf planet, which it has been orbiting
since March 2015.
KNOW MORE
 Dawn is a space probe launched by NASA in September 2007 with the mission of
known protoplanets of the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter, Vesta and Ceres.
215) Europe launched the sixth of its Sentinel Earth observation satellites, Sentinel-5P satellite,
as part of the multi-billion-euro Copernicus program to monitor the planet’s atmosphere for
occurrences such as volcanic ash that could put airplanes at risk or high levels of ultraviolet
radiation that could cause skin damage. The satellite is blasted off on board a Rockot
launcher from the Plesetsk cosmodrome in Russia’s north-western Arkhangelsk region at
0927 GMT.
KNOW MORE
 The first satellite of Europe’s planned Sentinel network launched in April 2014, among
other to provide speedy of land, oceans and waterways.
 The launch of the Copernicus project became especially urgent after Europe lost contact
with its Earth observation satellite Envisat in 2012 after 10 years.
216) After poring over NASA’s Cassini mission data, astronomers have determined that it takes the
teamwork of seven moons to keep Saturn’s A ring – the largest and farthest of the visible
rings – contained. Cassini crashed into Saturn on September 15 at the mission’s end,
provided valuable data and detailed images of the planet’s rings.
217) At the 38thAsian Conference on Remote Sensing(ACRS) with the theme- “Space Applications:
Touching Human Lives”, in New Delhi, DrJitendra Singh, MoS Atomic Energy and Space said
that the Chandrayaan-2 mission would take place in 2018.

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KEY POINTS
 Chandrayaan-2mission will have a lunar orbiter, a soft lander as well as a semi
autonomous rover.
 ISRO is planning to use the GSLV MKII as against its “workhorse” rocket, PSLV used for
Chandrayaan-1.
 The lander, rover and orbiter will perform mineralogical and elemental studies of the
lunar surface.
 India has hosted ACRS twice before in 1985 and 1994.
 38th ACRS (held after a gap of 23 years) was jointly organized by AARS, Indian Society of
Remote Sensing(ICRS), Indian Society of Geomatics (ISG), and Indian Space Research
Organization and Government of India.

218) Scientists at the LIGO detectors and the world over detected the first “ripples in space” or
gravitational waves,called “GW170817” was produced by the merger of two ancient
remnants of stars known as neutron stars. The neutron stars merged in a galaxy called NGC
4993, located about 130 million light years from Earth in the constellation Hydra. The merger
is the first cosmological event observed in both gravitational waves-ripples in the fabric of
space-time-and the entire spectrum of light, from gamma rays to radio waves.
219) Indian Army has signed an agreement with DRDO that requires DRDO to develop an army
version of the medium range surface to air missile. This makes these missile platforms the
first tri-service weapon in service with India’s military
KNOW MORE
 Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) signs up with RCI for the supply of Medium Range
Surface to Air Missiles (MR-SAM) to Indian Army. In Hyderabad, Bharat Dynamics Ltd
(BDL) was putting the finishing touches on a potent new missile – the eponymous
Medium Range Surface to Air Missile, or MR-SAM – which the Defence R&D
Organisation (DRDO) has just developed.
 This missile will be developed in the lines of MR-SAM and its naval version, called the
LR-SAM (Long-Range Surface to Air Missile) which was developed by the DRDO in
partnership with Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI).
 There are only minor differences: the naval LR-SAM is fired from sealed canisters below
warship decks that protect the missile from the corrosive marine environment. The LR-
SAM primarily targets sea-skimming, anti-ship missiles.
220) The second Scorpene Khanderi has begun sea trials. It is expected to be commissioned
within this year. Khanderi is named after an island fort of Maratha ruler Chhatrapati Shivaji
and was launched in January and had undergone some testing.
KNOW MORE
 The Navy formally took delivery of the first submarine Kalvari on September 21 and it
awaits commissioning. INS Kalavari is first of six Scorpene class submarines built in
India under Project-75 by Mazagon Docks Limited with technology transfer from

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France’s.
 The third submarine Karanj is to be launched by year-end.
 The Mazagaon Docks Ltd. (MDL) is constructing six Scorpene conventional diesel-
electric submarines under Project-75 with technology transfer from Naval Group,
formerly DCNS of France all six submarines are expected to be inducted by 2020-21.
221) INS Tarasa, a Water Jet Fast Attack Craft intended for extended coastal and offshore
surveillance and patrolling, was commissioned into the Indian Navy.
KNOW MORE
 It is the fourth and last of the Water Jet FACs built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders &
Engineers, Kolkata and will be based in Mumbai.
 The first two -- INS Tarmugli and INS Tihayu were commissioned in 2016 and are based
in Vishakhapatnam, and the third, INS Tillanchang, was commissioned in March, 2017
and is based in Karwar.
222) INS Kiltan is an indigenously-built anti-submarine warfare stealth corvette that was
commissioned into the Indian Navy by Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman at the at the
Eastern Naval Command in Visakhapatnam.
KNOW MORE
 The ship derives its name from one of the islands in Aminidivi group of the strategically
located Lakshadweep and Minicoy group of islands.
 Designed by the Indian Navy’s in-house organisation Directorate of Naval Design and
built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers (GRSE) in Kolkata.
 This is the third of the four Kamorta-class corvettes being built under Project 28.
 It is India’s first major warship to have a superstructure made up of carbon fibre
composite material.
 INS Kiltan is the latest indigenous warship after Shivalik Class, Kolkata Class and sister
ships INS Kamorta and INS Kadmatt to have joined the Indian Navy’s arsenal.
223) Scientists from the universities of Lisbon and Porto, and ÉcolePolytechnique in Paris claimed
that Mars has ‘nearly ideal conditions’ for creating oxygen from carbon dioxide, through a
process known as decomposition.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 Mars has 96 per cent carbon dioxide (CO2) in its atmosphere.
 The research, published in the journal Plasma Sources Science and Technology, shows
that the pressure and temperature ranges in the Martian atmosphere mean non-
thermal plasma can be used to produce oxygen efficiently.
 Low temperature plasmas are one of the best media for the decomposition, both by
direct electron impact and by transferring electron energy into vibrational excitation.
224) Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has undertaken a study to find out if cow urine
can be used to promote organic farming by converting it into amino acid for use as natural
fertiliser to increase farm productivity.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 Amino acids is used an essential nutrient for soil and plant health.

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 The decision to request the ICAR to conduct this study was taken after a high-level
meeting at the NitiAayog.
 The prime minister has stressed for expansion of organic farming across the country as
part of efforts to transform the agriculture sector entailing better remuneration for the
farmers.
 In 2016, Sikkim became Indias first fully organic state.
225) MeotipaSahyadri, a spider species recorded from the Western Ghats and found mostly in the
forest areas of Goa's hinterlandhas been collected by Goan student DhirajHalali and
documented by Siddharth Kulkarni.
Kulkarni is the first who spotted the spider while he was a student at Yeshwantrao Chavan
(YC) Institute in 2012 at Satara, and started studying it, and gave it the name of
MeotipaSahyadri after after the Sanskrit name for the Western Ghats (Sahyadri).

KEY POINTS
 The female Meotipasahyadri has a translucent portion in the abdomen, with white and
brown stripes, while the male is pale white without the translucent abdomen.
 The female is 4 times larger, around 5.5mm to the 1.25mm male.
 These spiders are active at night and hide under broad leaves in inconspicuous webs
during the day.
226) 2,000 individuals from different ethnic, linguistic and socio-cultural sections of the
northeastern states are being included in Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) under the
Genome India Project
KEY FACTS
 It will help in identification of the genetic disease burden of specific subsets of
population and therefore, improving the healthcare landscape of this region.
 The IBSD is a national institute of the Department of Biotechnology and it will be
actively collaborating with the Genome lndia initiative undertaken by the Centre for
Brain Research at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc).
 Kris Gopalakrishnan, co-founder, Infosys, has contributed Rs 225 crore for this initiative.
227) A team of scientists from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied
Sciences (SEAS) and the Wyss Institute for Biologically-Inspired Engineering at Harvard
developed a hybrid RoboBee
KEY POINTS
 This Robobee can fly, dive into water, swim, propel itself back out of water, and safely
land.
 This latest-generation RoboBee, which is 1,000 times lighter than any previous aerial-
to-aquatic robot,
 It could be used for numerous applications, from search-and-rescue operations to
environmental monitoring and biological studies.
228) Assam is a first, state that gets 1,400 medicinal and aromatic plant species recorded in a
book.

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KEY POINTS
 ASenior Forest Officer in Assam JatindraSarma has done this compilation over 15 years
of hardwork
 The title of the compilation is “Medicinal Plants and Mushrooms of India with Special
Reference to Assam”.
 This compilation includes medicinal and aromatic plant species as well as wild
mushrooms that are found in abundance in the wilderness of Assam and which contain
medicinal properties to treat several critical diseases like cancer and AIDS.

SPORTS

229) PV Sindhu, who recently clinched the silver medal in this 2017 badminton World
Championships, has been nominated for the Padma Bhushan award by the Sports Ministry.
PV Sindhu became the second athlete after former Indian cricket team skipper MS Dhoni to
be nominated for the award this year.
KNOW MORE
 She became first Indian shuttler to lift Korea Open Super Series title after defeating
Japan’s Nozumi Okuhara.
 PV Sindhu is the first Indian shuttler to win an Olympic silver medal as she went down
fighting against Carolina Marin in the gold medal match.
230) Virat Kohli becomes fastest ODI captain to 2000 runs. Virat Kohli became
thefastest batsman in ODI format to score 2000 runs as skipper as he used just 36 innings to
achieve the feat. Kohli surpassed his Royal Challengers Bangalore teammate and former
South African skipper AB de Villiers who did this in 41 innings.
231) India for the first time will be hosting the South Asian Boxing Championship from December
6th-10th in Guwahati and India International Open tournament, New Delhi . Boxing
Federation of India (BFI) will also be for the first time initiating a grading system as well on
the lines of AIBA’s star rating qualifications for coaches, referee judges. BFI also announced
that Capt. G Manoharan will be responsible for the Youth Mens team; Bhaskar Bhatt will be
in charge of the Youth (Women) squad and MS Dhaka will be in charge of junior men.
232) Anupama Ramachandran of India and Dylan Emery of Wales have claimed the World Open
Under-16 Snooker Championship titles in the girls and boys category in St. Petersburg
Russia.
Anupama Ramachandran of India knocked out her compatriot and top seed Keerthana
Pandian 3-1 to become World Open Under-16 champion.
233) World number one Spaniard Rafael Nadal demolished Nick Kyrgios to win his sixth title of
the season at the China Open. The Spanish world number one won nine games in a row on
his way to a comprehensive 6-2 6-1 victory to reclaim the trophy he last won in 2005M.
234) Solar-powered cars begin race across Australian outback. The 2017 World Solar
Challenge has kicked off in Darwin, with more than 40 solar-powered carscompeting in a

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3,000 kilometer race through the Australian desert - in a bid to prove that green energy can
overcome the toughest of challenges.
235) Hashim Amla notched up his 26th ODI century ,thereby breaking Virat Kholi’s record of
being the fastest to reach the same number of centuries . While Kohli had achieved the feat
166 innings, Amla did it in just 154.
KNOW MORE
 Amla broke Kohli’s record of fastest to 7000 runs in ODIs. While Kohli achieved the feat
in 169 innings, Amla took 150.
 Noticeably Amla also holds the record of being the fastest to reach 3000, 4000, 5000,
6000 ODI runs and thereby becoming South Africa’s run-machine.
 Mushfiqur Rahim also rewrote history as he became the first Bangladeshi batsman to
hit a century against South Africa.
236) Mahaveer Raghunathan became the first Indian to win a European racing championship
when he sped to victory in the last two races of the prestigious Boss GP Championship
(Formula Class) in Imola.
KNOW MORE
 India’s top racer Narain Karthikeyan had won the British Formula Ford in 1994 and the
Formula Asia Series in 1996.
237) Maria Sharapova won her first WTA title in more than two years at the Tianjin Open
defeating Sabalenka , 2017 who returned to the tour in April following a 15-month doping
ban. Sharapova’s last title came at the Italian Open in May 2015.
238) Spanish Olympic high jump champion Ruth Beitia announces retirement from atheletics due
to persistent injuries.
KNOW MORE
 Beitia, who won the high jump competition at the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro
last year, is the only Spanish female athlete to have won an Olympic gold.
 She has combined her sporting exploits with a career in politics since she was elected to
the regional parliament of Cantabria with the ruling PP party in 2011.
239) Lionel Messi scored his 100th goal and his 50th goal at the European club competitions in
2017. The only other player to score 100 goals or more in European competition is Real
Madrid’s, Cristiano Ronaldo. Barcelona was not made to pay for Gerard Pique's needless red
card as Lionel Messi scored his 100th European goal against Olympiacos.
240) The Swiss world number two Roger Federer brushed aside world number one Rafael Nadal
6-4 6-3 to win the Shanghai Masters and register his fourth victory of the year over his
Spanish rival. The Swiss world number two beat Nadal in the finals of the Australian Open
and Miami Masters and in the last 16 at Indian Wells earlier this year, and never looked like
losing to his long-time rival in Shanghai, firing 10 aces as he cruised to victory.
241) FIFA 2017
 17th FIFA U-17 World Cup was hosted by India in the six cities of New Delhi, Goa,
Kochi, Guwahati, Kolkata and Navi Mumbai.
 The emblem was designed "as a celebration of the country's richness and diversity of

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cultures, with the main elements of the Indian Ocean, the banyan tree, the kite and
the starburst, which is an interpretation of the Ashoka Chakra, an integral part of the
national identity.
 It was organized by FIFA, under the slogan 'Football Takes Over'.
 Byju’s became the latest high-profile company to join the roster of National Supporters
for the tournament.
 The tournament marks the first time India have hosted a FIFA tournament and the first
Asian hosted U-17 World Cup since 2013.
 A clouded leopard called Kheleo was the mascot of the tournament in which clouded
leopard is a vulnerable wild cat whose habitat extends from the Himalayan foothills to
mainland Southeast Asia.
 FIFA General Secretary Fatma Samoura.
 The much-awaited FIFA U-17 World Cup started with four opening day matches to be
played in Delhi and Mumbai
 Young Lions etched their names into history by winning the title for the first time,
following in the footsteps of their older compatriots, who achieved the very same feat
at the FIFA U-20 World Cup Korea Republic 2017.
 England won 17th FIFA U-17 World Cup for the first time followed by Spain(2 nd),
Brazil(3rd) and Mali(4th) . India have finished bottom, 24th, among all teams that
qualified for the FIFA U-17 World Cup.
 Switzerland’s Esther Staubli became the first female referee to officiate a match at the
FIFA U-17 World Cup in the match of October 14.
 Jackson Singh Thounaojam created history at Delhi’s Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium by
scoring India’s first goal in a FIFA U-17 World Cup during India’s match against
Colombia.
 Central defender Namit Deshpande, from Maryland, USA, has created history of sorts
by becoming the first Non Resident Indian (NRI) to represent India across any age
group

Awards
a) adidas Golden Ball: Philip Foden (England)
b) adidas Golden Boot: Rhian Brewster (England)
c) adidas Golden Glove: Gabriel Brazao (Brazil)
d) FIFA Fair Play Award: Brazil
242) Pakistan all-rounder Hasan Ali became the fastest bowler to reach 50 ODI wickets for his
country. Enroute, Ali broke the record of former great Waqar Younis who had taken 27 ODIs
to achieve the landmark. Hasan Ali achieved this in 24 one-day internationals.
243) Bengaluru hosted the 12th World Sudoku Championship and the 26th World Puzzle
Championship. After the 2008 World Sudoku Championship that was held in Goa, this is the
second time that India is hosting the Sudoku Championship. This will be the first time since
1992, when the first World Puzzle Championship took place.

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244) 2018 FIFA World Cup

 The 2018 FIFA World Cup will be the 21st FIFA World Cup, a quadrennial international
football tournament contested by the men's national teams of the member
associations of FIFA.
 A total of 64 games will be played to decide the winner of the FIFA World Cup.
 Russia will host the 2018 FIFA World Cup.
 Zabivaka™ is the Official Mascot for the 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™.Zabivaka™
means “the one who scores” in Russian, a very suitable name for this wolf who
radiates fun, charm and confidence.
 Nigeria became the first African nation to qualify for the 2018 World Cup.
 Iceland became the smallest country ever to qualify for 2018 World Cup.
245) Yuvraj Singh becomes Laureus' first Indian ambassador and joins a host of cricket legends in
the Laureus Family, including Indian Academy members Sachin Tendulkar, Rahul Dravid
and Kapil Dev. Laureus Sport for Good's ultimate goal is to help less fortunate people enjoy a
better life through the power of sport.
246) The Indian women’s compound team has bagged a silver medal the World Archery
Championships in Rosario, Argentina.They got defeated against Colombians. Mixed pair of
Jemson Ningthoujam and Ankita Bhakat clinched the gold medal as India returned with
three medals from the World Archery Youth Championship
KNOW MORE
 This was India’s fifth medal at the World Championships and all of them have been
silver.
 It was also the first time India won any medal in the compound team archery section
at the World Championships.
 The event was held in Mexico City, the capital city of Mexico from 15 October to 22
October 2017.
247) Kavita Devi who was part of the WWE's Mae Young classic tournament, has made history by
becoming the first ever woman wrestler from India to be awarded a WWE developmental
contract. The announcement was made by WWE Champion Jinder Mahal.
KNOW MORE
 Devi is an accomplished power-lifter who won gold at the 2016 South Asian Games,
representing India.
 Devi also has the distinction of being the first Indian woman to compete in a WWE ring,
during her participation in the Mae Young Classic.
248) Jagan Wins Sixth Title in a Row at National Motorcycle Racing: TVS Racing’s mascot Jagan
Kumar notched his sixth straight title in the premier Super Sport Indian class on a rain-
affected day to bring down the curtain on the MRF MMSC FMSCI Indian National Motorcycle
Racing Championship in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
249) 2018 Commonwealth Games Baton Arrived in New Delhi: The Queen's Baton for the 2018
Commonwealth Games arrived in New Delhi, India. The 2018 Commonwealth Games will be

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held in Australia. The Baton was received by Indian Olympic Association (IOA) joint secretary
Rakesh Gupta and it will travel to Agra.
250) India wins its First Ever Wushu World Championship Gold: Pooja Kadianbecame the first
ever Indian sportsperson to win a gold medal at the Wushu World Championship in Kazan,
Russia.
251) John Hastings Retires From Test and ODI Cricket: Australian fast bowler John Hastings has
called it quits from Test Match and ODIs, citing recurring injuries as the reason. The 31-year-
old wants to solely focus on T20 cricket. He has represented Australia in one test, 29 ODIs and
9 T20Is..
252) Heena Sidhu Wins Air Pistol Gold at Commonwealth Shooting Championships: Ace Indian
shooter Heena Sindhu has bagged gold in women's 10m Air Pistol event at Commonwealth
Shooting Championships in Brisbane, Australia.
253) Federer Wins 8th Basel Title, 95th Overall: The Swiss superstar won his eighth Basel title,
after defeating Juan Martin del Potro, 6-7(5), 6-4, 6-3 to clinch his ATP World Tour-leading
seventh title of the year..
254) Kidambi Srikanth Wins French Open Badminton Tournament to Clinch 4th Super Series Title
of 2017: India's Kidambi Srikanth created history as he became the first Indian player to win
four Superseries titles in a year after he won the men's singles title at the French Open.
255) Kidambi Srikanth thrashed Korea's Lee Hyun Il 21-10, 21-5 to win the men's singles at
Denmark Open Super Series Premier (Badminton).
KEY POINTS
 He ended India's 38-year wait for a men's singles Denmark Open Super Series Premier
title
 With the win, Srikanth won his third Super Series title of the year, after winning the
Indonesia Open Super Series Premier and Australian Open Super Series earlier in the
year
256) Virat Kohli Becomes Fastest Batsman to Score 9000 ODI Runs: Virat Kohli became the sixth
Indian to complete 9000 ODI runs during the third game against New Zealand. He went on to
score his 32nd ODI century off 96 balls.
257) Virat Kohli becomes the second player to score hundred in 200th ODI
KEY POINTS
 South Africa batsman AB de Villiers also has a century in his 200th ODI.
 With31st century in the 200th ODI, Kohli has now overtaken former Australia captain
Ricky Ponting and is now behind only Sachin Tendulkar who is at the top spot with 49
centuries.
258) National Basket Ball Association : The National Basketball Association is a men’s professional
basketball league in North America; composed of 30 teams.
 The 6-foot-9-inch Chandigarh hoopster Amjyot Singh became the third Indian - after
Satnam Singh and Palpreet Singh Brar to walk into the National Basketball Association
(NBA) league.
 Gokul Natesan, Second Indian-Origin Player to be Signed by NBA G-League Side: Gokul

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Natesan is the 97th pick in the NBA(National Basketball Association of United States)
draft to became only the second Indian-origin player to be signed by an NBA G-League
side.
259) In a first, cricket ground in the United States named after Sunil Gavaskar
KEY POINTS
 It is a cricket field in Louisville in the state of Kentucky in USA.
 The cricket field is the first international sporting facility named after an Indian
sportsperson.
260) ISSF world cup,2017 was hosted in New Delhi
 Jitu Rai and Heena Sidhu combined to give India their first gold medal of the
International ShootingSport Federation (ISSF) World Cup Final, clinching the top
honours in the 10m air pistol mixed team event
 Sangram Dahiya and Amanpreet Singh won a silver and a bronze each as hosts India
enjoyed a fruitful day in the office on day four of competition in the ISSF World Cup
Final. ISSF stands for International Shooting Sport Federation tournament.
261) Hingis(a Swiss tennis great) announces retirement for the third and “definite” time
KEY POINTS
 This marksthe end of a career, which took her from 1990s teenage superstar to doubles
world number one some 20 years later.
 The 37-year-old “Swiss Miss” has retired twice before — once after testing positive for
a metabolite of cocaine — but she said the ongoing WTA Finals in Singapore will be her
last tournament.
262) Gaganjeet Bhullar Clinches Macao Open Golf Title 2017: Gaganjeet Bhullar had completed a
wire-to-wire victory and lifted his eighth Asian Tour title at the Macau Open. He drained five
birdies on the front nine and won by three shots despite a nerve-jangling double bogey.
263) Asia Cup Hockey 2017: India Beat Malaysia To Lift Their 3rd Continental Title: India beats
Malaysia 2-1 in the finale to win the 2017 Asia Cup Hockey tournament held in Dhaka,
Bangladesh. This was India's third continental title. Ramandeep Singh scored the opening
goal in the third minute while Lalit Upadhyay extended India's lead in the 29th minute of the
game.
264) India's Selena Clinches Triple Gold at Egypt Junior and Cadet TT: India's young paddler
Selena Selvakumar completed a golden sweep in the Egypt Junior and Cadet Table Tennis
Open, adding the junior girls' singles and doubles titles at Sharm El Sheikh in Egypt..
265) Legendary Brazilian Sailor Robert Scheidt Retires from Olympics: Atlanta 1996 and Athens
2004 gold medal-winning sailor Robert Scheidt (44 years old) has announced his retirement
from Olympic competition, ending a career that spanned a quarter of a century..
266) Shakib first from Bangladesh in MCC World Cricket Committee :
Premier all-rounder Shakib Al Hasan became the first cricketer from Bangladesh to be
inducted in the MCC World Cricket Committee under the chairmanship of Mike Gatting. Also
added to the committee are Suzie Bates, Ian Bishop and Kumar Dharmasena.

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267) Arjen Robben Retires from International Football: Netherlands captain Arjen Robben
announced the end of his international career after his country failed to reach the 2018
World Cup finals despite a 2-0 win over Sweden.
268) India Beat Macau to Qualify for 2019 AFC Asian Cup: Indian football team has qualified for
the 2019 Asian Cup after they had a convincing 4-1 win over Macau with two matches still to
go in the qualifying round. This is the third time the country has qualified for the continental
showpiece.
269) Indian Pacer Ashish Nehra has Announced Retirement:
Indian pacer Ashish Nehra has confirmed his retirement from International Cricket. He will
play his last match against New Zealand on November 1, 2017.
270) Gurusai dutt Wins Bulgarian International Tournament: Commonwealth Games bronze
medallist RMV Gurusaidutt clinched the men's singles title at the Bulgarian International
Future Series tournament.
271) FIFA Suspends Pakistan Football Federation: FIFA has decided to suspend the Pakistan
Football Federation (PFF) with immediate effect in accordance with the decision of the
Bureau of the FIFA Council on account of undue third-party interference. The suspension will
be lifted once the PFF offices and access to the PFF accounts are returned to the PFF.
272) India's First Portal Dedicated to Para-Sports Launched: In a bid to create awareness about
para-sports and provide a platform to para sportspersons to narrate their stories of triumph
and adversity, "thenationspride.com", the country's first portal dedicated to para-sports
was launched.
273) According to Forbes list of the most valuable brands among sports athletes, Virat Kohli is
ranked seventh ahead of Messi, who is at ninth. Roger Federer tops the list with a brand
value of $37.2 million, followed by basketball star LeBron James with $33.4 million and
Usain Bolt with $27 million.
274) FIFA Awards, 2017
 Portugal striker Cristiano Ronaldo (Portugal) of Real Madrid won the award of the best
soccer player in the world for the second time in a row at FIFA’s The Best awards.
 Barcelona’s Argentina forward Lionel Messi, who has won the Ballon d‘or five times,
and Paris St Germain’s Brazil forward Neymar were runners up for the award voted for
by national team coaches and captains plus the media and fans.
 Ronaldo is a four-time Ballon d‘Or winner who also won a La Liga and Champions
League double with the Madrid club this year.
 The Best FIFA Men’s Player award and the Ballon d‘or, which is voted for only by the
media, are now separate awards.
 Real Madrid’s French coach Zinedine Zidane won the manager of the year trophy for his
part in the club’s success.
 The Netherlands’ Lieke Martens won best female player of the year, while the Dutch
women’s national team coach Sarina Weigman was voted best manager after the
team’s triumph at Euro 2017.
 Cristiano Ronaldo wins Best Fifa Men's Player.

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 Lieke Martens wins Best Fifa Women's Player.


 Sarina Wiegman wins Best Fifa Women's Coach.
 Zinedine Zidane wins Best Male Coach
275) Forbest list of top 10 rich players
 Cristiano Ronaldo - football ($93m/£72.05m)
 LeBron James - basketball ($86.2m/£66.79m)
 Lionel Messi - football ($80m/£61.98m)
 Roger Federer - tennis ($64m/£49.58m)
 Kevin Durant - basketball ($60.6m/£46.95m)
 Andrew Luck - American football ($50m/£38.74m)
 Rory McIlroy - golfer ($50m/£38.74m)
 Stephen Curry - basketball ($47.3m/£36.64m)
 James Harden - basketball ($46.6m/£36.10m)
 Lewis Hamilton - formula 1 ($46m/£35.64m)
276) India's ten-year wait for the continental title ended whenIndia beat Malaysia 2-1 to win the
10th edition of the Asia Cup(HOCKEY) in Dhaka- their third title overall.
NOTE
 India won the tournament twice before in 2003 and 2007 editions
277) India’s women boxers showed a good performance at “Balkan” International Boxing
Championship in Sofia (Capital of Bulgaria)by winning five more medals including a coveted
gold.
NOTE
 Lalfakmawii Ralte(+81 kgs) was the star as she outclassed Iryna, her Ukrainian
opponent, 5-0 in the final to clinch the gold.
278) England won U17 World Cup after 5-2 comeback victory over Spainin the final at Kolkata in
India.

KEY POINT
 This year the England's youth teams also won the Under-19 European Championship,
Under-20s World Cup, Toulon Tournament (U20s) and reached the Under-21
European Championship

APPOINTMENTS

279) Within months after the Centre gave him an extension, Solicitor-General of India Ranjit
Kumar, the second highest ranking law officer of the government, resigned.
KNOW MORE
 Mr. Kumar, a successful senior advocate who joined the government’s team of law
officers in the Supreme Court in 2014, cited personal reasons and family commitments
for his decision to opt out.

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 His tenure of three years as Solicitor General had ended on June 6, 2017, but the
government had extended the tenure on an ad hoc basis.
280) 34 year old Michelle Suarez became Uruguay’s first transgender senator by acquiring her
seat in the upper Chamber of Congress who aims to provide protection and expansion of the
rights of transgender people in the South American country. She is a representative of the
Communist Party.
KNOW MORE
 Michelle Suárez Bértora is a Uruguayan activist, lawyer, lecturer, politician, and writer.
 She is Uruguay's first transgender university graduate, first trans lawyer, and first
transgender person elected to office.
281) Japan’s Emperor Akihito is likely to abdicate at the end of March 2019 and Crown Prince
Naruhito is expected to ascend the throne in April, the first abdication by a Japanese
monarch in nearly two centuries.
KNOW MORE
 Asahi said the expected 2019 abdication schedule would minimize the impact on
people in changing to a new imperial reign from the current Heisei Era, which started in
1989 after the death of Akihito’s father Hirohito.
 Akihito, the first Japanese emperor who was never considered divine, has worked for
decades at home and abroad to soothe the wounds of World War Two which was
fought in his father Hirohito’s name.
282) France's Audrey Azoulay has been elected Director-General of the United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) replacing Irina Bokova, a
Bulgarian who has led the body since 2009.
KNOW MORE
 The next leaderis expected to contend with the withdrawal of both the U.S. and Israel,
which applauded its ally for defending it and that it also would be leaving UNESCO.
 Officially known as the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization, Paris-based UNESCO is best known for designating and protecting
archaeological and heritage sites, from the Galapagos Islands to the tombs of
Timbuktu. It is headquartered in Paris.
283) Nisha Desai Biswal has been appointed President of the U.S.-India Business Council.
284) Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull appointed Foreign Minister Julie Bishop as
acting prime minister after a citizenship crisis ousted his deputy and cost his government its
parliamentary majority.
285) New Austrian leader Sebastian Kurz ‘will be Europe’s youngest head of government’. The
leader of the right-leaning People’s Party has declared victory in the Austrian national
election.
286) BHU appoints its first woman chief proctor, Royana Singh after O.N. Singh resigned taking
"moral responsibility" for the lathi charge on students demanding justice for a colleague who
was molested on the campus. Mr. Singh's resignation was accepted by Vice Chancellor Girish
Chandra Tripathi.

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287) Shashi Shanker has been appointed Chairman and Managing Director of India's biggest oil
and gas producer, ONG till March 2021. Shanker, 56, will take charge from October 1 when
the incumbent Dinesh K Saraf retires and will have a three-and- a-half-year term until March
31, 2021.
288) Trishna Shakya,will be appointed as New Kumari of the Nepal’s capital Kathmandu after
her predecessor retired when she reached puberty, continuing an ancient tradition that
sees young girls worshipped as “living goddesses”.She belongs to the Newar community
indigenous to the Kathmandu valley. She is considered an embodiment of the Hindu
goddess Talej.
289) Thirty-eight-year-old lawyer Jagmeet Singh made history as he became the first person
belonging to a visible minority group, and the first of Indian and Sikh heritage, to be elected
leader of one of Canada’s three largest national political parties, New Democratic Party of
Canada.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 The 38-year-old lawyer, Jagmeet Singh, will fight Canadian Prime Minister Justin
Trudeau, whom he has criticised over the employment situation, in the next federal
election in October 2019.
290) Governors
 Assam Governor Banwarilal Purohit has been appointed the Governor of Tamil Nadu
 Jagdish Mukhi has been appointed the Governor of Assam.
 Devendra Kumar Joshi (retdired) has been appointed as the Lieutenant Governor of
the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. He is the former Chief of Naval Staff Admiral
 BJP vice-president Satyapal Malik has been appointed the Governor of Bihar.
 Former member of the Bihar Legislative Council Ganga Prasad has been appointed the
Governor of Meghalaya.
 Brigadier B.D. Mishra (retired) will be the Governor of Arunachal Pradesh.
291) The World Health Organization (WHO) appointed Soumya Swaminathan one of two deputy
directors general, the first time such a post has been ever created within the organisation.
The position is also the highest post held by an Indian in the WHO. Dr. Swaminathan is
currently the Director General of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).
292) Angela Merkel walked into her fourth term as chancellor of Germany as her party, the
Christian Democrats (CDU), picked up 32.5 percent of the votes while The Social Democrats,
Merkel’s closest challenger, were a distant 20 percent.
KNOW MORE
 She is a German politician serving as Chancellor of Germany since 2005 and leader of
the centre-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 2000.
293) Anupam Kher, veteran cine star, has been appointed as Chairman of Film and Television
Institute of India (FTII), Pune. He succeeds Shri Gajendra Chauhan.
294) Jose Eduardo dos Santos's 38-year reign over Angola ended when his successor Joao Manuel
Gonçalves Lourenco was inaugurated as president at a ceremony in Luanda. He took charge

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of office on 26 September 2017, thereby becoming the first new President of Angola in 38
years.
KNOW MORE
 The People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) has governed since
Angola’s hard-fought independence from Portugal in 1975, with Dos Santos taking
power in 1979.
 Dos Santos was Africa’s second-longest-serving leader -one month shy of Equatorial
Guinea’s Teodoro Obiang Nguema.
295) Brenda Hale has been appointed the first female president of the UK’s Supreme court. The
first woman appointed to be a law lord, in 2004, Hale had to wait until this week for a
second woman to join her on the UK’s highest court.
296) Sir Ian Burnett has become the youngest lord chief justice for 50 years at the Royal Courts
of Justice in central London .
297) Pakistan appointed Vice-Admiral Zafar Mahmood Abbasi as new Chief of Naval Staff.
He will replace Admiral Muhammad Zakaullah who will retire on 6 October.
298) The Mongolian Parliament confirmed Ukhnaa Khurelsukh as the country's new Prime
Minister. His confirmation comes after JargaltulgaErdenebat was voted out of office over
allegations of corruption and incompetence.
299) The Government named Rajnish Kumar as the new chairman of State Bank of India, for a
three-year term. Kumar will succeed Arundhati Bhattacharya.
300) Vice Admiral Ajit Kumar P, AVSM, VSM has assumed charge as the Vice Chief of Naval Staff
(VCNS) from Vice Admiral Karambir Singh AVSM at a formal ceremony held in New Delhi.
301) Jacinda Ardern was officially sworn in as the Prime Minister of New Zealand. At the age of
37, Ardern is the youngest New Zealand PM in 150 years.
302) Rakesh Asthana Appointed CBI Special Director: Gujarat-cadre IPS officer Rakesh Asthana
was appointed the special director of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).
303) Japanese Prime Minister Abe Wins Big In National Elections

KEY POINTS
 Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe‘s Liberal Democratic Party and a small coalition
partner (called Komeito) had together secured at least 312 seats in the 465-seat lower
house of parliament.
 Abe’s ruling coalition already has a two-thirds majority in the less powerful upper
house.
 The National Diet is Japan's bicameral legislature. It is composed of a lower house
called the House of Representatives, and an upper house, called the House of
Councillors. The National Diet Building is located in Nagatachō, Chiyoda, Tokyo.
304) The Centre has formally notified the appointment of former Director of the Intelligence
Bureau Dineshwar Sharma as its interlocutor for Jammu and Kashmir

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SUMMITS

305) Three-day ‘International Congress’ on Rock Art at Deccan College, Pune was organized to
mark the 150th year of Rock Art
KEY POINTS
 As many as 50 participants, from India, South Korea, Australia, and a few nations from
the African continent were present.
 The art form traces its discovery and recognition near Sohagighat, in Mirzapur district
of Uttar Pradesh way back in 1867.
306) India is hosting the First Annual BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise from 10-13 October
2017 in New Delhi. The main focus of the Exercise will be to create synergy and synchronize
efforts to institutionalize regional cooperation and inter-governmental coordination efforts
on disaster response among Member States.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 At the 17th BIMSTEC Senior Officials Meeting held in Kathmandu, Nepal on February 7,
2017, it was decided that India would organize the first annual Disaster Management
Exercise for the region.
307) First ever ASEAN-India Music Festival was held from October 6th-8th 2017 at Purana Quila in
New Delhi. The theme for this commemorative year "Shared Values, Common Destiny” along
with this Music Festival aims to boost cultural influences among the peoples of the ASEAN
member states and India.
308) The 68th International Astronautical Congress was held in Adelaide, Australia.The #IAC2017 program
addresses to the global economy and security of many nations depends on assured and secure access to
satellites that provide communications, timing and navigation services and remote sensing data.
309) 48th Union World Conference on Lung Health was held in Guadalajara, Mexico where the
first-ever road map to combat animal tuberculosis (bovine TB) and its transmission to
humans was launched. Zoonotic TB spreads through consumption of contaminated
untreated meat or dairy products from diseased animals.
310) 3rd annual ‘Women of India Organic Festival’was held in New Delhi to celebrate and
promote women entrepreneurs and farmers in the organic sector from across India by the
Ministry of Women and Child Development.
311) 8th Conference of Governors is held at Rashtrapati Bhavan on October 12, 2017. The theme
of the conference is ‘New India 2022’.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 The Conference is being attended by Twenty-seven Governors and three Lt. Governors
of States and Union Territories.
 The Administrators of the UTs of Dadra and Nagar Haveli & Daman and Diu as well as
of Lakshadweep are also participating in the Conference as special invitees.
312) The National Green Tribunal will hold a two-day world conference on environment at
Mavalankar Auditorium and Manekshaw Centre in the national capital Delhi from
November 3.

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KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 The conference will be held in association with the United Nations Environment
Programme, the Asian Development Bank, the Ministry of Environment and Forests
and the Ministry of Water Resources.
 The National Green Tribunal is headed by Chairperson Justice Swatanter Kumar.
313) The First Meeting of India-Australia Joint Steering Committee (JSC) was held in New Delhi.
Today’s meeting is a follow-up to the Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) on Cooperation
in Combating International Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime exchanged
between the two sides during the visit of Australian Prime Minister Mr. Malcolm Turnbull to
New Delhi in April this year and his talks with the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi.
314) India and the European Union held their 14th summit in New delhi .
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 The 14th India-EU Summit aims to deepen the India-EU Strategic Partnership and
advance collaboration in priority areas for India’s growth and development.In order to
combat terrorism, both the countries highlighted three terrorists Hafiz Saeed, Zaki-ur-
Rehman Lakhvi and Dawood Ibrahim.
 The 13th India-EU Summit was held in Brussels.
 India and the EU have been strategic partners since 2004.
 The proposed EU—India Broad—based Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA) was
launched in 2007.
 The EU is India’s largest regional trading partner with bilateral trade in 2016.
 The EU is also the largest destination for Indian exports and a key source of investment
and technologies.
 Currently, President of the European Council is Donald Franciszek Tusk, and the
President of the European Commission is Jean-Claude Juncker.
315) Global Entrepreneurship Summit in Hyderabad on November 28-30.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 Niti Aayog, in partnership with the US administration, will host the eighth annual
Global Entrepreneurship Summit.
 This is the first time the Global Entrepreneurship Summit is being held in South Asia.
 The theme for this year's summit -- Women First, Prosperity for All -- will celebrate
entrepreneurship in all its strength, diversity and entirety.
316) World Economic Forum’s 33rd India Economic Summit took place in New Delhi on 4-6
October under the theme Creating Indian Narratives on Global Challenges.
KNOW MORE
 Climate change, India’s cultural renaissance, infrastructure, gender parity, tourism,
education and skills are prominently featured in the programme.
 The recent economic reforms, including demonetization and the goods and services tax,
will be addressed in a special plenary session.
 The World Economic Forum is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva
founded in 1971 by Klaus Schwab.The Forum is best known for its annual meeting at

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the end of January in Davos.


 Recognized by the Swiss authorities as an international body, its mission is cited as
"committed to improving the the state of the world by engaging business, political,
academic, and other leaders of society to shape global, regional, and industry agendas".
317) India is organising a 2-day Make in India event in Stockholm, Sweden, with the aim of
exploring synergies and avenues of partnership between Indian and Swedish manufacturing
industries.
318) G-20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors (FMCBG) Meeting was held in
Washington D.C.with the main focus on the agenda items pertaining to Global Economy and
Framework for Growth, Compact with Africa and International Financial Architecture. The
Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs, Shri Arun Jaitley participated.
KNOW MORE
 The G20 (or G-20 or Group of Twenty) is an international forum for the governments
and central bank governors from Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France,
Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, South
Africa, South Korea, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, and the European Union.
 Founded in 1999, the G20 aims to discuss policy pertaining to the promotion of
international financial stability.
319) The 11th ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting (ADMM) and the 4th ADMM-Plus Meetig held
at Philippines . Defence minister Nirmala Sitharaman has attended the meeting. Southeast
Asian defence ministers’ meeting likely to review the regional security architecture including
China’s growing assertiveness in the South China Sea.
320) 34th IASP World Conference on Science Parks and Areas of Innovation ,2017 was held at
Istanbul, Turkey. The theme this year was “Science parks and natural innovation
ecosystems: Articulating future strategies.”
321) The 3rd edition of India International Science Festival 2017: ‘Science for New India’2017 will
be held in Chennai during 13-16 October, 2017.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 The Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Earth Sciences, and Vijnana Bharati
(VIBHA) together organize The India International Science Festival (IISF) every year,
since 2015.
 The previous two editions of IISF was held at New Delhi .
 The prime objective of the festival is to instill scientific temper among the masses and
showcasing India’s contribution in the field of S&T over the years. It aims to build a
strategy for rural India through the advancement of Science and Technology.
 Main finding during the festival
a) India has made significant strides in scientific and technological development by also
becoming the first nation to reach Mars in its maiden attempt.
b) Emphasizing the role of technologies and innovation, India has declared 2010-20 as the
‘Decade of Innovation’.

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322) The “Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav (RSM)-2017” was held in India’s 1st World Heritage City
i.e Ahmadabad, Gujarat. It was organized to showcase the rich cultural heritage of the
Country in all its rich and varied dimensions.

333) The Minister of Communication Shri Manoj Sinha announced DoT’s first ever Mobile,
Internet and Technology event in India - India Mobile Congress 2017, which was held from
27th September to 29th September 2017 at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi.
334) The 2nd edition of the Global Renewable Energy (RE) Investors Meet and Expo (RE-INVEST
2017) will be held at the India Expo Centre, Greater Noida and National Capital Region of
Delhi in partnership with France. Fisrt edition of the meeting was held in the year 2015.
KNOW MORE
 RE-Invest 2015 is the first Renewable Energy Global Investors Meet & Expo to be
organised by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE). Its objective is to
showcase the Government of India's commitment to the development and scaling up of
renewable energy in India to meet the national energy requirement in a socially,
economically and ecologically sustainable manner.
335) The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Ministry of Culture is hosting an international
conference on “Dialogue of Civilizations – IV” from 8th – 15th October, 2017 at Delhi,
Gandhinagar and Dholavira.
KNOW MORE
 This conference is fourth in this series of ‘dialogues’ initiated by National Geographic
Society in 2013 with an objective to encourage scholarly and public discourse about
the five ancient, literate civilizations of the world, i.e. Egypt, Mesopotamia, South
Asia, China and Mesoamerica and how the study of the past can share our present and
future towards the right direction.
336) The 8th conference of the Association of SAARC Speakers and Parliamentarians (ASSP) took
in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The Association of SAARC Speakers and Parliamentarians was set up in
1992 with the vision to promote friendship and understanding amongst the peoples of South
Asia.
337) India to be Guest Country at the World Government Summit The World Government
Summit announced that India is a guest country in its upcoming gathering. The Annual
Gathering is scheduled from February 11 to 13, 2018.
KNOW MORE
 The World Government Summit is a UAE-based international organization that serves
as a platform for global dialogue attempting to revolutionize how governments operate
and how policies are made.
 The organization's vision is to aid humanity at large, it aims to empower governments
for the future with the ultimate objective of improving the lives of seven billion people
all around the world.
338) CMS conference of Parties, CMSCOP12 plenary, India to Host UN Wildlife Summit was
hosted in Manila, Philippines in 2017.

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KNOW MORE
 12th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Migratory Species
(CMS COP12) is the only international treaty devoted exclusively to migratory animal
species. The theme of the Conference was ‘Their Future is Our Future - Sustainable
Development for Wildlife and People’.
 The CMS COP is held once in three years.
 It was declared that India will Host UN Wildlife Summit in 2020.
 India will host the next CMS Conference of the Parties CMSCOP13.
339) 3rd Global Investors’ India Forum Held in New Delhi
340) Global Consumer Event
The first ever 2-day global conference on consumer protection organised by Government of
India (Ministry for Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution) in association with UNCTAD
(United Nations Conference on Trade and Development), which emphasised strengthening
regional cooperation on issues related to consumer protection, with the theme, “Empowering
consumers in new markets”, kicked off on October 26 at VigyanBhavan, New Delhi.
KEY FACTS
 24 Asian nations including Japan, China, South Korea, Afghanistan, Thailand and
Myanmar attended the Conference. Pakistan and North Korea were not invited.
 The conference was about sharing initiatives for the implementation of the UN
guidelines on consumer protection.
 The Conference deliberated on the areas of e-commerce, inclusion in financial services,
education and empowerment, addressing the needs of vulnerable and disadvantages
sections.
341) 2nd World Congress on Marxism to be held in Beijing
KEY POINTS
 The 2nd World Congress on Marxism is scheduled to be held in Peking University in
Beijing next May
 The congress coincides with the 200th anniversary of Karl Marx's birth and 40th
anniversary of China's reform and opening-up
 The conference, with the theme of "Marxism and the current world and China", will
have 17 subforums covering topics like Chinese solution and modernization approach by
the developing countries
 The 1st World Congress on Marxism held in Peking University in Beijing in 2015.
342) Vice President Inaugurated 3rd International Conference on Yoga: Vice President M
Venkaiah Naidu inaugurated the third International Conference on Yoga in New Delhi. The
theme of this year’s conference will be ‘Yoga for Wellness.’

AWARDS

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343) The 30th Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration for the year 2015 and 2016 has been
awarded to Carnatic Vocalist T.M. Krishna, for his services in promoting and preserving
national integration in the country on October 31, Indira Gandhi’s death anniversary.
KNOW MORE
 He won the Ramon Magsaysay award for bringing “social inclusiveness in culture” in
2016.
 Mr. Krishna is not only one of the prominent vocalists in the rigorous Carnatic tradition
of Indian classical music, but also an activist who has worked on creating egalitarian
spaces for music and breaking down caste-barriers in the form.
344) 2017 Man Booker Prize was awarded to US author George Saunders for his novel Lincoln in
the Bardo. The book chronicles the death of Abraham Lincoln’s 11-year-old son Willie using
the accounts of hundreds of narrator.
KNOW MORE
 He became only the second American writer to win Britain’s renowned Man Booker
Prize.
 Paul Beatty became the first American to win the award for his novel The Sellout in
the year 2016.
 The award, launched in 1969, was only open to writers from Commonwealth states
until it began permitting authors from other English-speaking countries in 2014.It is
awarded annually.
345) The Govardhan Eco Village, set up by the International Society for Krishna Consciousness
(ISKCON) in Palghar district, has won the ‘green platinum award’. The village’s director,
Gauranga Das, received the award, instituted by Indian Green Building Council IGBC) of
Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).
NOBEL PRIZE, 2017
 The Nobel Prize in Physics 2017 was awarded to Rainer Weiss ,Barry C. Barish and Kip
S. Thorne for ‘decisive contributions to the LIGO detector observation of gravitational
waves".
 The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2017 was awarded to Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank
and Richard Henderson for “developing cryo-electron microscopy for the high-
resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution".
 The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2017 was awarded to Jeffrey C. Hall,
Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young for “their discoveries of molecular
mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm".
 The Nobel Prize in Literature 2017 was awarded to Kazuo Ishiguro "who, in novels of
great emotional force, has uncovered the abyss beneath our illusory sense of
connection with the world".
 The Nobel Peace Prize 2017 was awarded to International Campaign to abolish
Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) "for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic
humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking
efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons".

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 The Nobel Prize in Economics 2017 was awarded to Richard H. Thaler “for his
contributions to behavioural economics”.
346) Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has received the best department award for its
contribution during Swachhta Pakhwada, an inter-Ministry initiative of Swachh Bharat
Mission, under the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. The Health Ministry observed
the Swachhta Pakhwada between February 1-15, 2017. During the Swacchta fortnight, all
hospitals/clinics were directed to install waste bins for segregating waste, while cleaning
drives were undertaken in all wards and premises of the hospitals.
347) The Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple at Madurai has been adjudged best ‘Swachh Iconic
Place’ in India as on October 1. . Madurai District Collector K. Veera Raghava Rao and
Corporation Commissioner S. Aneesh Sekhar will receive the award from Uma Bharati, the
Minister for Drinking Water and Sanitation.
KNOW MORE
 Meenakshi Temple is a historic Hindu temple located on the southern bank of the
Vaigai River in the temple city of Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. It is dedicated to
Meenakshi, a form of Parvati, and her consort, Sundareswar, a form of Shiva.
348) Colin Gonsalves, a senior Indian advocate was selected for a prestigious 2017 Right
Livelihood Awards for his innovative use of public interest litigation in securing
fundamental human rights for India's most marginalised and vulnerable citizens.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 He will share the award and the prize money worth over USD 300,000 (SEK 3 million)
with two other laureates — Khadija Ismayilova from Azerbaijan and Robert Bilott from
the US.
 The Swedish Right Livelihood Award is widely known as the 'Alternative Nobel Prize'.
 Established in 1980, the Right Livelihood Award honours and supports courageous
people and organisations offering visionary and exemplary solutions to the root causes
of global problems.
349) Urvashi Sahni, founder of Study Hall Educational Foundation, was awarded the Social
Entrepreneur of the Year award 2017 for her work in educating India’s most disadvantaged
girls.
KNOW MORE
 Jointly founded by Jubilant Bhartia Foundation and Schwab Foundation for Social
Entrepreneurship in 2010, the award recognizes promising and high impact social
entrepreneurs implementing practical and sustainable solutions.
 Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurship is a sister organization of the World
Economic Forum. The Foundation provides unique regional and global platforms to
promote social entrepreneurship as a key element to advancing societies and
addressing social problems innovatively and effectively. It also fosters a peer global
community of social entrepreneurs.
 Jubilant Bhartia Foundation, established in 2007, is the not-for-profit organization of
the Jubilant Bhartia Group. It focuses on conceptualizing and implementing the

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Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives (CSR) for the Group.


350) Namita Gokhale has been nominated for the first Centenary National Award for Literature,
to be conferred by the Asam Sahitya Sabha,one of the most prestigious literary bodies in
India for her outstanding literary contributions as well as her service to the nation in
supporting and showcasing literary talent and creating a literary environment in the country.
351) Madhya Pradesh has won the ‘Best Tourism State’ national award for the third consecutive
year. President Ram Nath Kovind handed over the award, named as ‘Hall of Fame Award’.

KNOW MORE
 The state bagged total 10 awards in this programme, organised on the occasion of
World Tourism Day(27 September)
 The state bagged the Most Innovative Tourist Product award for ‘Hanuwantia Jal
Mahotsav’ and Best State for Adventure Tourism.
 Chanderi was adjudged as the Best Heritage City.
 Best Tourist-Friendly Railway Station award was given to Ujjain Railway Station.
 Madhya Pradesh also received a national award for Film Promotion Policy in the
category of Best Film Promotion Friendly State/Union Territory.
 The Hindi brochure published by Madhya Pradesh Tourism in Simhastha-2016 also
won the national award for Excellence in Publishing in Hindi.
 Best Wildlife Guide national award was bagged by Saib Khan of Pachmarhi.
352) Indian academician Prajapati Trivedi has been elected as a fellow of the prestigious
National Academy of Public Administration in the US, becoming the first Indian to be
bestowed with this honour(considered the highest recognition internationally in the field of
public administration.)
Know More
 Prajapati Trivedi is currently Senior Fellow (Governance) and Adjunct Professor of
Public Policy, Indian School of Business (ISB).
 NAPA is an independent, non-profit and non-partisan organisation established by the
US Congress in 1967 to assist government leaders in building more effective, efficient,
accountable and transparent organisations.
353) Gauri Lankesh, First Indian Journalist to win Anna Politkovskaya Award: Journalist-activist
Gauri Lankesh, who was shot dead by unknown assailants recently, has been posthumously
accorded with the prestigious Anna Politkovskaya Award, instituted by Reach All Women
(RAW) in War.
KNOW MORE
 The Anna Politkovskaya Award was established to remember and honor the journalist
Anna Politkovskaya (1958-2006), murdered in Moscow at the age of 48 on 7 October
2006 in order to silence her courageous reporting about the second war in Chechnya.
 The award is presented annually by Reach All Women in War (the RAW in WAR
organisation) and honours women human rights defenders from around the world.

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354) Cleartrip Named 'Best Mobile App for Travel' at Mobexx Awards: Online travel solutions
provider Cleartrip was named the 'Best Mobile App for Travel and Leisure' at the Mobexx
Awards 2017.
355) Sharmila Tagore Honoured With Lifetime Achievement Award: Veteran actor Sharmila
Tagore has received the Lifetime Achievement Award. The 72-year-old actor was bestowed
with the recognition by the PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry in New Delhi for her
contribution in the field of cinema.

356) Andhra Pradesh CM Receives Golden Peacock Award in London: Andhra Pradesh Chief
Minister N Chandrababu Naidu has received the Golden Peacock Award under the category
'Global Leadership in Public Service and Economic Transformation' at a convention in
London at 17th London Global Convention.
357) EDII Bags AICTE Award for Supporting Start-Ups: Entrepreneurship Development Institute
of India (EDII) has received an award from All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)
for supporting start-ups. The premier Institute received the award for its contribution
towards promoting and mentoring technology start-ups.
358) L&T Technology Services Conferred with CII Industrial Innovation Award: L&T Technology
Services Ltd (LTTS), a leading global pure-play Engineering Services Company was conferred
with the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) Industrial Innovation Award, 2017.
359) Indian-Origin Couple Gets US Award For AIDS Research: Indian-origin South African
researchers were honored with a prestigious award for their exceptional contributions in the
field of HIV/AIDS. Professors Salim Abdool Karim and QuarraishaAbdool Karim received the
award from the Institute for Human Virology (IHV) in Baltimore, US.
360) AlkaYagnik and Udit Narayan to Get Lata Mangeshkar Award: The playback singers
AlkaYagnik and Udit Narayan and music composers Usha Khanna, BappiLahiri, Anu
Malik have been selected for the Madhya Pradesh government's prestigious National Lata
Mangeshkar Award.
361) Eminent Poet Prabha Varma Chosen for Padma Prabha Puraskaram: Eminent poet, lyricist
and journalist Prabha Varma has been selected for the Padma Prabha Puraskaram for 2017.
The announcement was made by the chairman-cum-managing director of ‘Mathrubhumi’
daily, M P Veerendra Kumar.
362) M K Sanu Chosen for Mathrubhumi Literary Award: Eminent critic, biographer and orator M
K Sanu has been chosen for the Mathrubhumi Literary Award for 2016 in recognition of his
rich contribution to the Malayalam literature.
363) National Award for Boxing Coach Sandhu & Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak: President Ram Nath
Kovind gave away the National award for senior citizens to Indian boxing coach Gurbax
Singh Sandhu and Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award for Excellence in Public
Administration, Academics and Management for 2017 to Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak.
364) GCMMF Awarded Best FMCG in Food Sector by IAA

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The Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF), which manages brand AMUL,
has been awarded as the best FMCG in the food sector at the 5th International Advertising
Associations (IAA) Leadership Awards in Mumbai.
365) Rajesh Nath Gets Germany's Highest Civilian Honour: Rajesh Nath, Managing Director of
VDMA India, has been conferred the ‘Cross of the Order of Merit’, the highest civilian
honour awarded to individuals for their services to Germany.
KNOW MORE
 The award, also known as Bundesverdienstkreuz or Federal Cross of Merit was
instituted in 1951 and is Germany’s only honour that is awarded to both Germans and
foreigners for achievements in the economic, social, political or intellectual realms.
366) Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N Chandrababu Naidu has received the “Golden Peacock
Award” under the category - Global Leadership in Public Service and Economic
Transformation - at a convention in London.
NOTE
 Golden Peacock Awards, instituted by the Institute Of Directors (IOD), India in 1991, are
now regarded as a benchmark of Corporate Excellence worldwide.

BOOKS AND AUTHORS

367) Guru-Sangraha" is a compilation of convocation addresses given by Shri Pranab Mukherjee


to Shri Pranab Mukherjee, former President of India in New Delhi. The book has been
prepared by National Book Trust of India.
368) The book titled “A to Z of Financial Management in Autonomous Institutions” is authored by
Dr. Rajat Bhargava and Shri Deenanath Pathak and was released by the Union Minister for
Finance and Corporate Affairs, Shri Arun Jaitley along with the Chief Minister of Andhra
Pradesh, Shri N. Chandrababu Naidu .
369) The biography of Hema Malini titled Beyond The Dream Girl written by Ram Kamal Mukherje
was launched by Deepika Padukone . The biography was unveiled on Hema Malini's 69th
birthday (October 16). The biography's foreword has been written by Prime Minister
Narendra Modi.
370) The Best Thing about You Is You’ is a book that is authored by Anupam Kher.

OBITUARY

371) Abdul Majid, , a veteran actor, director and playwright of Assamese film industry, passed
away recently.He was 86.
KNOW MORE
 He was popularly known as Majidka. Also known as Banahansa, Banjui, Ponakan
and Uttarkaal
 He directed the landmark film Chameli Memsaab in the 1970s

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372) Eman Ahmed, the world’s heaviest woman who underwent a weight- loss surgery in Mumbai
passed away in Abu Dhabi just a week after celebrating her 37th birthday.
373) Richard Wilbur, the Pulitzer Prize-winning poet and translator who intrigued and delighted
generations of readers and theatergoers through his rhyming editions of Moliere and his
own verse on memory, writing and nature, died. He was 96.
374) Shamsher Khan, India's First Olympic Swimmer Passes Away: India's first Olympic swimmer
Shamsher Khan passed away in Andhra Pradesh's Guntur district. He was 87. Mr. Khan had
represented India in 1956 Melbourne Olympics. He was the first swimmer to represent India
in Olympics.
375) Former Union Minister Purushottam Lal Kaushik Passes Away: Former Union minister and
socialist leader Purushottam Lal Kaushik died due to age-related ailments at his home in
Chhattisgarh's Mahasamund district. He was 87.
376) Filmmaker Kundan Shah Passes Away: Veteran director Kundan Shah, best known for the
dark comedyJaaneBhi Do Yaaro, passed away at his home, family sources said. He was 69.
377) Malayalam Writer Punathil Kunjabdulla Passes Away: Renowned Malayalam writer
PunathilKunjabdullapassed away in Kozhikode following a prolonged illness.
378) Padma Vibhushan Thumri Singer Girija Devi Passes Away: Eminent classical singer and
Padma Vibhushan awardee Girija Devi died in Kolkata. She was 88 years old.
KEY POINTS
 Born in a zamindar family at a village near Banaras on May 8, 1929, music was a part of
Girija Devi's life from a very early age.
 A legendary singer of the ‘Benarasgharan’ had received Padma Shri in 1972, Padma
Bhushan in 1989 and the Padma Vibhushan in 2016.
379) Legendary Filmmaker I V Sasi Passes Away: Veteran Malayalam director I V Sasi, best known
for his films “AvaludeRavukal” and “Devasuram” died. He was 69.
380) Veteran British Actor Roy Dotrice Passes Away: Roy Dotrice, a veteran British actor, died in
London. He was 94.Dotrice was known for his role as Leopold Mozart in the Oscar-winning
film Amadeus and his many theater and TV roles.
381) Historian Satish Chandra Passes Away: Veteran and one of India’s eminent historian Satish
Chandra passed away the age of 95. Satish’s important works include Mughal Empire and its
downfall. He was also the author of NCERT’s leading history book ‘History of Medieval India’

IMPORTANT DAYS

389) World Tourism Day-Since 1980, the United Nations World Tourism Organization has
celebrated World Tourism Day as international observances on September 27. This date was
chosen as on that day in 1970, the Statutes of the UNWTO were adopted.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS
 On World Tourism Day in New Delhi Kerala Tourism bagged nine wards in various
segments of the travel, tourism, and hospitality industry.
 In the ‘niche’ category, Kumarakomgot the award for the best responsible tourism

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initiative.
 The awards were presented by President Ram NathKovind at a function at Vigyan
Bhavan in the presence of Union Minister of State for Tourism K.J. Alphons.
 Also, on World Tourism DayPresident Ram NathKovindlaunched “Incredible India 2.0
Campaign” and “Adopt a Heritage” project.Incredible India 2.0 campaign will be
focusing on specific promotional plans, with greater emphasis to be given to social
media, whereas, ‘Adopt A Heritage’ Project plans to entrust heritage sites to the public
sector and private sector companies and individuals for the development of tourist
amenities.
 The President on 37th edition of “World Tourism Day” also launched “New Incredible
India Website.
390) The International Day of Older Persons is observed on October 1 each year.
NOTE
 On December 14, 1990 the United Nations General Assembly voted to establish
October 1 as the International Day of Older Persons as recorded in Resolution 45/106.
The holiday was observed for the first time on October 1, 1991
 Annual Themes for 2017: “Stepping into the Future: Tapping the Talents, Contributions
and Participation of Older Persons in Society”
391) The International Day of Non-Violence is observed on October 2, the birthday of Mahatma
Gandhi. This day is referred to in India as Gandhi Jayanti.
392) International Day of the Girl Child is an international observance day declared by the United
Nations; it is also called the Day of the Girl and the International Day of the Girl. October 11,
2012, was the first Day of the Girl.
NOTE
 The observation supports more opportunity for girls and increases awareness of
gender inequality faced by girls worldwide based upon their gender. This inequality
includes areas such as access to education, nutrition, legal rights, medical care, and
protection from discrimination, violence against women and unfree child marriage.
393) Dr APJ Abdul Kalam’s birth anniversary day as ‘VachanPrerna Din’ (Inspire to Read Day) on
October 15.
394) World Food Day is celebrated every year around the world on 16 October in honor of the
date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1945.
The day is celebrated widely by many other organisations concerned with food security,
including the World Food Programme and the International Fund for Agricultural
Development.
NOTE
 Annual Theme for 2017: Change the future of migration. Invest in food security and
rural development.
395) The observance of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty can be traced back to
17 October 1987.

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Through resolution 47/196 adopted on 22 December 1992, the General Assembly declared 17
October as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty
Theme for 2017: “Answering the Call of October 17 to end poverty: A path toward peaceful
and inclusive societies”
396) Ministry of AYUSH has decided to celebrate the National Ayurveda Day every year on
Dhanwantari Jayanti. This year, it is being celebrated on 17th October 2017.
397) The first International Day of Diplomats was celebrated in Brasilia on October 24 (also the
United Nations Day)
KEY POINTS
 Diplomats of Bangladesh, Brazil, France, Ghana, India, Israel, Italy, Mexico, South
Africa and Turkey participated in the celebration.
 It is the brainchild Indian poet-diplomat Abhay K when he proposed for the same for
the recognition of hard work and sacrifices of diplomats and their families make in a
leading online daily titled 'Why the World needs International Day of Diplomats' on
October 11 this year. Since then, the idea has gathered wide support from a cross-
section of the international community, including diplomats of several countries
 24 October has been celebrated as United Nations Day since 1948. In 1971, the
United Nations General Assembly recommended that the day be observed by Member
States as a public holiday.

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