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Started on Monday, 17 September 2018, 8:12 AM

State Finished

Completed on Monday, 17 September 2018, 9:04 AM

Time taken 52 mins 7 secs

Grade 8.00 out of 10.00 (80%)

Question 1
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Which of the following terms are usually related to "interlenguage"?
Select one:
a. Mutability.
b. Error.

c. Transitional competence.
d. All statements are correct.

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The correct answer is: All statements are correct.

Question 2
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Which of the following terms are usually related to "latent language structure"?
Select one:
a. First language acquisition.
b. Native-like command of the foreign language.
c. ‘Natural’ language acquisition.
d. All statements are correct.

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The correct answer is: All statements are correct.

Question 3
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According to Ellis/ Tarone, what type of strategy is being developed with this activity?

Do you believe that men and women are naturally better at certain things? Which sex, if
either, tends to be better at the following? Discuss with other students.

- communicating with people - maths


- languages - parking a car
- map-reading - cooking

ADAPTATION from New Cutting Edge Upper Intermediate (Cunningham and Moor, 2007:
40).
Select one:
a. Cognitive.
b. Social.
c. Communication.

d. Metacognitive.

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The correct answer is: Social.

Question 4
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According to Ellis/ Tarone, what type of strategy is being developed with the following tips?
Improving your accuracy when speaking
- Ask your teacher to correct important mistakes while you are speaking.
- Ask your teacher to note important mistakes, and correct them after you’ve spoken.
- Say a phrase in English as well as you can and ask your teacher for the correct version;
or ask your teacher to help translate a phrase from your own language.

ADAPTATION from New Cutting Edge Upper Intermediate (Cunningham and Moor, 2007:
60)
Select one:
a. Cognitive.
b. Metacognitive.
c. Communication.

d. All statements are wrong.

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The correct answer is: Communication.

Question 5
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Read the following scenario and decide what process is involved in the development of
Fernando’s interlanguage.
Fernando is Colombian and he has been living in the United States for 30 years. He is 65.
He used to attend English classes when he arrived in the country. However, he has not
studied English for a long time. He normally uses Spanish language in his daily life. When
he speaks English he always makes the same kind of mistakes: “he go…” instead of “he
goes…”; “I eated…” instead of “I ate…”. As everybody understands him, nobody corrects
his mistakes.
Select one:
a. Acculturation.
b. Transfer of training.
c. Language transfer.
d. Fossilization.

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The correct answer is: Fossilization.

Question 6
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Which of the following terms are usually related to "implicit knowledge"?
Select one:
a. Subconscious process.
b. Language acquisition.
c. Intuition.
d. All statements are correct.

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The correct answer is: All statements are correct.

Question 7
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The following statements relate to language learning/ acquisition. Which one is not correct?
Select one:
a. According to Bialystok, learned grammatical structures can become acquired ones.
b. According to Krashen, ‘acquired knowledge’ has nothing to do with ‘explicit teaching of
rules’.
c. According to Schmidt, ‘explicit knowledge’ has a lot to do with ‘learning in an academic
context’.
d. All statements are correct.

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The correct answer is: All statements are correct.
Question 8
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The following statements relate to language learning/ acquisition. Which one is not correct?
Select one:
a. Reputed authors accept that students cannot add to their interlanguage items they are
not ready to add.
b. There are items that students are not ready to add to their interlanguage. However,
instruction would facilitate this integration process.
c. There are items that students are not ready to add to their interlanguage. However,
teaching techniques such as repetition would facilitate this integration process.
d. All statements are correct.

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The correct answer is: All statements are correct.

Question 9
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Look at the activity below and decide which of the following statements is not correct.

A collocation is a combination of two or more words that frequently occur together. These
could be:

- Adjective + noun: a domestic flight, a steep hill


- Verb + noun: miss + a bus, a plain, a train
- Verb + preposition (including phrasal verbs): break down, run out of (petrol)
- Other common phrases or idioms: put someone at their ease, laugh your head off
Add two more examples to each group.
ADAPTATION from New Cutting Edge Upper Intermediate (Cunningham and Moor, 2007:
66)
Select one:
a. This activity is a reconstruction one. It does not promote noticing.

b. This activity promotes noticing because the student’s work will probably be reformulated
by the teacher.
c. This activity promotes noticing. It requires attention to processing of form.
d. All statements are wrong.

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The correct answer is: This activity is a reconstruction one. It does not promote noticing.

Question 10
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Look at the activity below and decide which of the following statements is not correct.

- Which of the achievements you have just heard about do you find most amazing? What
do you hope that human beings will achieve in the next few years? Discuss with other
students.

Useful language

a) Talking about a general achievement


One of the things I always find amazing is…

…has completely changed our lives.

As a result of this…

Just imagine life if…

If we didn’t have… our lives would be…

It’s incredible to think that…


b) Talking about the achievements of a particular person
His/ Her achievements have really changed the world because…

I really admire the way he/ she…

What I find particularly impressive/ amazing is…

He/ She (has) achieved so much.


ADAPTATION from New Cutting Edge Upper Intermediate (Cunningham and Moor, 2007:
57)
Select one:
a. This activity promotes noticing. The student is forced to pay attention to linguistic
expressions/ vocabulary.
b. This activity requires attention to new information (new linguistic expressions/ new
vocabulary). As a result, the student’s interlanguage may be involved in a process of
restructuring.
c. This activity requires attention to processing of meaning. As a result, it does not promote
noticing.

d. All statements are wrong.

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The correct answer is: This activity requires attention to processing of meaning. As a result,
it does not promote noticing.

Question 11
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Which of the following aspects can facilitate comprehensible input?
Select one:
a. Frequency of exposure to certain forms in the L2.
b. Teacher talk.
c. Personalised input.
d. All statements are correct.

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The correct answer is: All statements are correct.

Question 12
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What does silent period relate to?
Select one:
a. Reception.
b. Listening.
c. Exposure to input.
d. All statements are correct.

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The correct answer is: All statements are correct.

Question 13
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The following statements relate to formal contexts. Which one is not correct?
Select one:
a. It is suggested that explicit knowledge is needed to acquire a near native command of
English.
b. ‘Teacher talk’ aims at promoting comprehensible input.
c. ‘Teacher talk’ aims at simplifying teachers’ speech.
d. All statements are correct.

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The correct answer is: All statements are correct.

Question 14
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The following statements relate to natural contexts. Which one is not correct?
Select one:
a. ‘Natural’ learning will be more effective if combined with instruction.
b. Foreigner talk aims at promoting comprehensible input.
c. Natural contexts promote negotiation.
d. All statements are correct.

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The correct answer is: Foreigner talk aims at promoting comprehensible input.

Question 15
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What does the following activity suggest you?

Select one:
a. Interaction.
b. Negotiation.
c. Formal context.
d. All statements are correct.

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The correct answer is: All statements are correct.