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CE6451 FLUID MECHANICS AND MACHINERY


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UNIT 1

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FLUID PROPERTIES AND FLOW CHARACTERISTICS
Units and dimensions- Properties of fluids- mass density, specific weight, specific
volume, specific gravity, viscosity, compressibility, vapor pressure, surface tension and

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capillarity. Flow characteristics – concept of control volume - application of continuity
equation, energy equation and momentum equation.

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Viscosity
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Types of fluid flow and related mathematical formulae

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Boundary layer concepts
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Fig: Boundary layer concept

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Fig: Boundary layer zones

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Fig: displacement thickness illustrator diagram


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Problem

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Moody diagram:
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Fig: Plot of the moody diagram
Problems in flow through pipes in parallel:
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Problem 1
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Problem 2
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Problem 3

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Table: Dimensions of various parameters


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Problems in Rayleigh’s method:


Problem 1

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Problem 2
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Problem 3

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Problem 4
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Problem 5

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Problems in Buckhingam – π – Theorem:
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Problem 2
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Problem 3
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Problem 4
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Dimensionless numbers:
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Model laws:
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Problems based on Reynold’s model law:

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Problem 2 based on Reynold’s model law:

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Euler’s equation
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Introduction to pumps:

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Fig: Components of a Centrifugal pump


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Problems in Centrifugal pumps:
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Problem 1
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Problem 2

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Problem 3

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The above mentioned equation is used for finding the specific speed of a Centrifugal pump.

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Fig: characteristic curves of a Centrifugal pump


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Fig: main components of a Reciprocating pump
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Important formulae:
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Problems in Reciprocating pump


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Problem 1
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Problem 2:
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Fig: Ideal indicator diagram
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Fig: indicator diagram influenced by both acceleration and friction


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Problems in indicator diagram:

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Fig: Arrangement of Air vessel in a Reciprocating pump


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Fig: Schematic of a Pelton turbine
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Fig: Velocity triangle arrangement of a Pelton turbine


Problems in Pelton turbine:
Problem 1:

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Problem 2
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Problem 3
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Problem 4
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Problem 5
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Problems in Francis turbine:


Problem 1

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Problem 2

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Problems in Kaplan Turbine:


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Problem 1
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Fig: Types of draft tubes

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