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What Is Grease Trap?

Home What Is Grease Trap?

(a.k.a. Grease Interceptors)*

Special Events Grease traps or interceptors are passive devices required by municipalities to stop grease, fat, oil, wax or debris from
entering the city's sanitary sewer system.
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Such materials cause blockages in the system, which cause backups and overflows. Traps and interceptors are designed
en Español to separate greasy materials from wastewater so that they can be removed before they enter the sewer system.
All restaurants, caterers, school cafeterias and other commercial cooking facilities must avoid discharging grease into the
Temporary Fence municipal sewer system.

Temporary Power Grease interceptors must receive wastewater from all contributory sources, such as pot sinks, dishwashers, floor drains
and mat washing area drains before draining to the sanitary sewer system.
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Typical building codes require all such new or rebuilt facilities to install a grease interceptor to pre-treat grease entering a
Emergency Services sewer. All units should be fitted with a standard final-stage sample box. Interceptors must typically be sized for at least a
Areas We Service 30 minute peak wastewater flow detention time from all contributory sources.

Just For Fun On occasion, a grease trap will be required in place of an interceptor. Traps are typically required to have a rated flow
capacity sufficient for the same 30-minute flow time.
Facts and Info
All new, and rebuilt, as well as existing kitchen facilities, must dedicate a specific area for the washing of floor mats and
Request A Quote related equipment, bermed to ensure wastewater is not discharged to the storm drain system but to a grease interceptor
discharging to the sanitary sewer.
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Contact Us Outdoor wash-down area drains must be protected from rain water intrusion. All garbage disposal units must be

Usually, grease interceptors must be installed by a state-certified plumber. For grease interceptors and traps to function
Enter your zip code to properly they must also be regularly serviced and maintained by a qualified contractor.
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Please note that the following information is provided as a guide only, and is not to be used as a substitute
for a professional evaluation of any business. Grease traps must be located at least 10 feet from hot water
  faucets. All hot water must cool to 120° F before entering the grease trap. The size of the grease trap must
comply with the Uniform Plumbing Code. Any sink or disposal that can carry grease must empty into the

The following illustration depicts a typical restaurant grease interceptor installation.

Grease Interceptor Sizing Calculations

Sizing should always be left to a trained professional. This section is intended as a guide to familiarize the reader with
some basic sizing rules. Requirements are determined by the volume of waste water that the interceptor can handle
compared to demand. Unit selection depends on the type desired and its capacity rating in gpm. The Plumbing and
Drainage Institute (PDI) defines standard sizes that are roughly equivalent to gpm of flow.

The National Plumbing Code lists drainage fixture-unit values of various plumbing fixtures based on drain outlet or trap
size. These values are converted to gpm discharge rates assuming 7.5 gpm discharge to represent one fixture-unit. This
information is illustrated below.

The discharge rate will help to determine the model needed.

Sizing Chart[10/31/2010 6:47:45 PM]

What Is Grease Trap?

Trap / Outlet Size Fixture-Unit Value GPM


  1 ¼"   1   7.5  
1 ½" 2 15.0
    2" 3 22.5  
2 ½" 4 30.0
3" 5 37.5
5" 6 45.0

In the above illustration, the sink contains two 2" drains. The sizing chart indicates that each of these drains will produce
22.5 gpm discharge, making the total requirement 45 gpm.

Alternate Method
1. Calculate volume fixture in cubic inches
2. Convert this volume to gallons
3. Multiply by .75
4. Calculate flow rate and drainage period (1 or 2 minutes)

The flow rate determines the interceptor model required.

Selection Tables: Fixture Size

Sink Size Capacity PDI SIZE PDI SIZE
# Bowls
Interior Measurements in Gallons (1 min.) (2 min.)

12" x 18" x 6" 1   4.2  7  4

14" x 16" x 8" 1   5.8  7  4
18" x 20" x 8" 1   9.4 10  7
16" x 18" x 8" 2 15.0 15 10
18" x 20" x 8" 2 18.7 20 10
20" x 30" x 8" 1 15.5 20 10
20" x 24" x 12" 1 18.7 20 10
20" x 22" x 8" 2 23.0 25 15
20" x 22" x 12" 2 34.0 35 20
24" x 24" x 12" 2 44.9 50 25

* PDI = Plumbing and Drainage Institute standard size equivalent to gpm of flow

A separate grease interceptor is recommended for each dishwasher.
The size is determined by the dishwasher's capacity.

*Courtesy Of: Keidel Supply Co., Inc /[10/31/2010 6:47:45 PM]

What Is Grease Trap?

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