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The privilege of HCNA/HCNP/HCIE:

With any Huawei Career Certification, you have the privilege on http://learning.huawei.com/en to enjoy:
n
 1、e-Learning Courses: Logon http://learning.huawei.com/en and enter Huawei Training/e-Learning
/e

o m
If you have the HCNA/HCNP certificate:You can access Huawei Career Certification and Basic Technology e-Learning
courses.
e i .c
If you have the HCIE certificate: You can access all the e-Learning courses which marked for HCIE Certification Users.

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Methods to get the HCIE e-Learning privilege : Please associate HCIE certificate information with your Huawei account, and

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email the account to Learning@huawei.com to apply for HCIE e-Learning privilege.


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 2、 Training Material Download
i n

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Content: Huawei product training material and Huawei career certification training material.

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Method:Logon http://learning.huawei.com/en and enter Huawei Training/Classroom Training ,then you can download
training material in the specific training introduction page.
p :
 3、 Priority to participate in Huawei Online Open Class (LVC)
t t

s :h
The Huawei career certification training and product training covering all ICT technical domains like R&S, UC&C, Security,

4、Learning Tools: rc e
Storage and so on, which are conducted by Huawei professional instructors.

u

s o
eNSP :Simulate single Router&Switch device and large network.

R e
WLAN Planner :Network planning tools for WLAN AP products.

n g
In addition, Huawei has built up Huawei Technical Forum which allows candidates to discuss technical issues with Huawei experts ,

ni
share exam experiences with others or be acquainted with Huawei Products.

a r
 Statement:
L e
r e
This material is for personal use only, and can not be used by any individual or organization for any commercial purposes.
o
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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential 1
HCNP-IERS

Huawei Certification

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HCNP-IERS i.c
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Implementing EnterpriseaRouting rn and
e
Switching Network /: /l
t tp
Lab: hGuide
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Huawei Technologies Co.,Ltd

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
HCNP-IERS

Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2017. All rights reserved.

Huawei owns all copyrights, except for references to other parties. No part of this
document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without
prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions

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and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. /
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All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of theirm
respective holders.
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Notice
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The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been
g
i n
made in the preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements,
n
r
information, and recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind,
expressed or implied.

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e ar Huawei Certification
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or Implementing Enterprise Routing and Switching Network
M Lab Guide

Edition 2.0

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
HCNP-IERS

Huawei Certification System

Relying on its strong technical and professional training and certification system and in
accordance with customers of different ICT technology levels, Huawei certification is committed
to providing customers with authentic, professional certification, and addresses the need for the
development of quality engineers that are capable of supporting Enterprise networks in the face
of an ever changing ICT industry. The Huawei certification portfolio for routing and switching
e n
(R&S) is comprised of three levels to support and validate the growth and value of customer /
skills and knowledge in routing and switching technologies.
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The Huawei Certified Network Associate (HCNA) certification level validates the skills and

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knowledge of IP network engineers to implement and support small to medium-sized enterprise
u
g .h
networks. The HCNA certification provides a rich foundation of skills and knowledge for the
establishment of such enterprise networks, along with the capability to implement services and

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features within existing enterprise networks, to effectively support true industry operations.
r
//lea
HCNA certification covers fundamentals skills for TCP/IP, routing, switching and related IP

p :
network technologies, together with Huawei data communications products, and skills for

t t
versatile routing platform (VRP) operation and management.

s :h
r c e
The Huawei Certified Network Professional (HCNP-R&S) certification is aimed at enterprise
network engineers involved in design and maintenance, as well as professionals who wish to

ou
develop an in depth knowledge of routing, switching, network efficiency and optimization
s
e
technologies. HCNP-R&S consists of three units including Implementing Enterprise Routing and
R
i n g
Switching Network (IERS), Improving Enterprise Network Performance (IENP), and Implementing
Enterprise Network Engineering Project (IEEP), which includes advanced IPv4 routing and
n
ar
switching technology principles, network security, high availability and QoS, as well as

e
L
application of the covered technologies in Huawei products.

e
or The Huawei Certified Internet Expert (HCIE-R&S) certification is designed to imbue

M
engineers with a variety of IP network technologies and proficiency in maintenance, for the
diagnosis and troubleshooting of Huawei products, to equip engineers with in-depth
competency in the planning, design and optimization of large-scale IP networks.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
HCNP-IERS

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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
HCNP-IERS

About This Document

Overview

This document is HCNP-Implementing Enterprise Routing and Switching


(HCNP-IERS) certification training material. It is intended for those who are
preparing for the HCNP-IERS exam and those who want to master common routing
protocol principles and Huawei Versatile Routing Platform (VRP) implementation. / e n
o m
.
Chapters 1, 2, and 3 describe working principles, configurations, and implementation
i c
of OSPF and IS-IS (two IGPs) as well as BGP (an EGP). These chapters help
w e readers
master IPv4 routing protocol knowledge. a
. huhelping readers
Chapter 4 briefly introduces multicast address, IGMP, and PIM-DM,
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learn fundamental multicast knowledge, common multicast
r n protocol principles, and
multicast applications.
l e a
:
Chapter 5 illustrates how to flexibly use a variety /of/ tools to control route selection. It
helps readers flexibly use routing protocols.tp
h t
Chapter 6 describes the VLAN principles s : and implementation, including VLAN Layer
r c
2 interconnection and Layer 3 routing,
e helping readers learn VLAN working

o u the VRP.
es
principles and configurations on

Chapter 7 describes the Rworking principles and implementation of STP protocols,


i
including STP, RSTP,n gand MSTP.
a
This document rnhelps readers understand how to implement routing and switching
L e on Huawei products.
technologies
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Background Knowledge Required

To fully understand this document, readers should:

 Have participated in HCNA training.


 Have passed HCNA exams.
 Familiarize with the TCP/IP protocol stack and IP addressing.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
HCNP-IERS

Icons

Router Layer 3 switch Layer 2 switch Firewall Network cloud

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Ethernet cable Serial cable
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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
HCNP-IERS

Lab Environment

Networking

Lab devices include five routers, four switches, and one firewall. Each lab
environment allows two candidates to perform lab practices simultaneously.

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/
Devices
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In order to ensure that the configuration given in this lab is supported on all.c
e i devices,

w
it is recommended that the following device models and VRP versions be used:
a
Device Name Device Model
. hu
Software Version

R1 AR 2220E
i n gV2R7

r n
R2 AR 2220E
l e a V2R7

R3 AR 2220E
: // V2R7

t tp
R4
h
AR 2220E
:
V2R7

R5
e s
AR 2220E V2R7

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S1
o u S5720-36C-EI-AC V2R8

S2 es S5720-36C-EI-AC V2R8
R
S3
i n g S3700-28TP-EI-AC V1R6C5

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S4 S3700-28TP-EI-AC V1R6C5

L e FW USG6330 V100R001C30

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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
HCNP-IERS

Contents

Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations 10


Lab 1-1 Single-Area OSPF 10

Lab 1-2 Multiple OSPF Areas 32

Lab 1-3 OSPF Neighbor Relationship and LSA


e n
59
/
Lab 1-4 OSPF Stub Area and NSSA Area

o m 91

i.c
Lab 1-5 OSPF Virtual Link and Inter-Area Route Filtering 116

Lab 1-6 OSPF Troubleshooting


w e 141

Lab 1-7 Advanced OSPF Features


u a 168

Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations


g.h 193
Lab 2-1 IS-IS Configurations
ni n 193
r
Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

//lea 220
Lab 3-1 IBGP and EBGP
p : 220

Lab 3-2 BGP Route Summarization


t t 242

:h
es
Lab 3-3 BGP Attributes and Route Selection 1 261

r c
Lab 3-4 BGP Attributes and Route Selection 2 (Optional) 281

Lab 3-5 BGP Multi-homing


s ou 299

R e
Lab 3-6 BGP Troubleshooting 328

Chapter 4 Multicast
i n gProtocols 349

a rn
Lab 4-1 Multicast, IGMP, and PIM DM Protocols 349

L e
Lab 4-2 PIM SM and Static RP 373

r e 5 Route Control
Chapter 396
o
M Lab 5-1 Route Import and Control 396

Chapter 6 VLAN Features and Configurations 420


Lab 6-1 VLAN Configurations 420

Lab 6-2 MUX VLAN 429

Lab 6-3 Inter-VLAN Communication 442

Chapter 7 STP Configurations 460

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
HCNP-IERS

Lab 7-1 STP, RSTP, and MSTP 460

Lab 7-2 Compatibility Between MST Multi-Region and STP (Optional) 482

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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES
HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Lab 1-1 Single-Area OSPF

Learning Objectives

The objectives of this lab are to learn and understand how to perform the following
e n
operations: /
o m
i.c
 How to configure single-area OSPF
 How to configure OSPF authentication
w e
How to establish neighbor relationships on multi-access a

hu networks

g .
How to use OSPF to advertise the subnet mask of the network to which
the loopback interface connects
ni n
ar

l e
How to change cost values for OSPF interfaces

: // interface
How to configure an interface as a silent
tpdisplay command

How to view OSPF status usingtthe


: h

e
How to view OSPF neighbor s relationships and troubleshoot faults using
the debug commandrc

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HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 10


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Topology

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Figure 1-1 Single-area OSPF

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Scenario

: //
t tp
Assume that you are a network administrator of a company that has three ARG3
routers. These routers are interconnected over the Ethernet. A broadcast
: h
multi-access network, such as Ethernet,
e smalicious route attacks. A network connectivity
has security threats. Therefore, OSPF area

r c
authentication is required to prevent
failure occurs during network u
s o deployment. You can run the display and debug

e
commands for fault location.
R
Tasks i n g
rn
e a
Step 1 Perform basic configurations and configure IP addresses.

e L
r
Configure IP addresses and masks for R1, R2, and R3. Set a 24-bit mask for loopback
o to simulate an independent network segment.
M
interfaces
<R1>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R1]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.0.123.1 24
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
[R1]interface LoopBack 0
[R1-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.1.1 24

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 11


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

[R1-LoopBack0]quit

<R2>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R2]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.0.123.2 24
[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
[R2]interface LoopBack 0
[R2-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.2.2 24
e n
[R2-LoopBack0]quit
/
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i.c
<R3>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R3]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
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[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.0.123.3 24
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[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

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n
[R3]interface LoopBack 0
[R3-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.3.3 24
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[R3-LoopBack0]quit

: //
Verify the connectivity between routers.
t t p
:h
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.123.2
PING 10.0.123.2: 56
e s
data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

r c
Reply from 10.0.123.2: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=2 ms

s ou
--- 10.0.123.2 ping statistics ---
1 packet(s) transmitted
Re
g
1 packet(s) received

i n
0.00% packet loss

n
ar
round-trip min/avg/max = 2/2/2 ms

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[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.123.3

e
or
PING 10.0.123.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.0.123.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=2 ms

M--- 10.0.123.3 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 2/2/2 ms

[R2]ping -c 1 10.0.123.3

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 12


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

PING 10.0.123.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break


Reply from 10.0.123.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=2 ms

--- 10.0.123.3 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 2/2/2 ms

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/
Step 2 Configure single-area OSPF.
o m
i . cprocess
e
Configure single-area OSPF and deploy all routers in area 0. Configure OSPF

w In an
1. In addition, configure area authentication and set the password to huawei.
a
u Plain text
OSPF area, Huawei devices support plain text or MD5 authentication.
. h
authentication is used for this step. g
n command. To
inetwork
Set the wildcard subnet mask to 0.0.0.0 when you use the r n
a
ensure the stability of Router IDs, they are usuallyespecified manually as.
/: /l
tp
[R1]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.1.1
[R1-ospf-1]area 0
ht
:
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.123.1 0.0.0.0

s
r c e
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.1.1 0.0.0.0
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]authentication-mode simple plain huawei
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
o u
[R1-ospf-1]quit
e s
R
i n g
[R2]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.2.2

rn
[R2-ospf-1]area 0

a
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.123.2 0.0.0.0

e
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.2.2 0.0.0.0

L
e
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]authentication-mode simple plain huawei

o r
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[R2-ospf-1]quit
M[R3]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.3.3
[R3-ospf-1]area 0
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.123.3 0.0.0.0
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.3.3 0.0.0.0
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]authentication-mode simple plain huawei
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[R3-ospf-1]quit

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 13


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

View the routing tables and test the connectivity of the entire network.

View the routing table of R1.

[R1]display ip routing-table
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
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Routing Tables: Public /
Destinations : 12 Routes : 12
o m
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface
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aw
10.0.1.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.1.1 LoopBack0
u
10.0.1.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0

g .h
10.0.1.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1
i n
LoopBack0

n
r
10.0.2.2/32 OSPF 10 1 D 10.0.123.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

lea
10.0.3.3/32 OSPF 10 1 D 10.0.123.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

//
10.0.123.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.123.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.123.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1
p : GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.123.255/32 Direct 0 0 D
t t
127.0.0.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

:h
127.0.0.0/8 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

es
127.0.0.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0
r c D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

ou
255.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

es
R that R1 learns two routes from OSPF: 10.0.2.2/32 and
The command output shows

i n
10.0.3.3/32. The nextghops of the two routes are 10.0.123.2 and 10.0.123.3
respectively. rn
e a
e L
Verify the connectivity from R1 to loopback interface addresses of R2 and R3.

o r
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.2.2

M PING 10.0.2.2: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break


Reply from 10.0.2.2: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=3 ms

--- 10.0.2.2 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 3/3/3 ms

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 14


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.3.3
PING 10.0.3.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.0.3.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=2 ms

--- 10.0.3.3 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 2/2/2 ms
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Run the display ospf brief command to view basic OSPF information on R1. o
m
i . c
[R1]display ospf brief

w e
a
hu
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1
OSPF Protocol Information
g .
ni n
r
RouterID: 10.0.1.1 Border Router:
Multi-VPN-Instance is not enabled

l e a
//
Global DS-TE Mode: Non-Standard IETF Mode

:
tp
Graceful-restart capability: disabled

t
Helper support capability : not configured

h
:
Applications Supported: MPLS Traffic-Engineering

e s
Spf-schedule-interval: max 10000ms, start 500ms, hold 1000ms

r c
Default ASE parameters: Metric: 1 Tag: 1 Type: 2
Route Preference: 10

o u
s
ASE Route Preference: 150

e
R
SPF Computation Count: 9

g
RFC 1583 Compatible

i n
Retransmission limitation is disabled

a rn
Area Count: 1 Nssa Area Count: 0

e
ExChange/Loading Neighbors: 0

L
Process total up interface count: 2

e
o r
Process valid up interface count: 1

M Area: 0.0.0.0
Authtype: Simple
(MPLS TE not enabled)
Area flag: Normal
SPF scheduled Count: 9
ExChange/Loading Neighbors: 0
Router ID conflict state: Normal
Area interface up count: 2

Interface: 10.0.1.1 (LoopBack0)

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 15


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Cost: 0 State: P-2-P Type: P2P MTU: 1500


Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Poll 120 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1
Interface: 10.0.123.1 (GigabitEthernet0/0/0)
Cost: 1 State: DR Type: Broadcast MTU: 1500
Priority: 1
Designated Router: 10.0.123.1
Backup Designated Router: 10.0.123.2
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Poll 120 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1

e n
The preceding command output Authtype: Simple shows that plaintext
/
authentication is enabled in Area 0. OSPF runs on two interfaces:
o m
GigabitEthernet0/0/0 and Loopback0. The network type of GigabitEthernet0/0/0
i . c is
broadcast, cost is 1, and priority is 1. DR is R1, and BDR is 10.0.123.2. Theenetwork
aw
type of another OSPF-enabled Loopback 0 is P2P.
hu
Run the display ospf peer brief command on R1 to check information g . about OSPF

ni n
neighbor relationships between the routers.
ar
[R1]display ospf peer brief
/ l e
: /
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1

t tp
h
Peer Statistic Information

:
s
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Area Id Interface

r c e Neighbor id State

u
0.0.0.0 GigabitEthernet0/0/0 10.0.2.2 Full
0.0.0.0
s o
GigabitEthernet0/0/0 10.0.3.3 Full

Total Peer(s): 2
R e
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

i n g
The precedingrn command output shows that R1 has two neighbors in Area 0.0.0.0,
a
e IDs are 10.0.2.2 and 10.0.3.3 respectively, and their OSPF neighbor
L
their router
e are in Full state.
r
relationships
o the display ospf lsdb command on R1 to check OSPF LSDB information.
M
Run
[R1]display ospf lsdb

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1


Link State Database

Area: 0.0.0.0
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 16


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Router 10.0.3.3 10.0.3.3 1569 48 80000005 0


Router 10.0.2.2 10.0.2.2 1568 48 80000006 0
Router 10.0.1.1 10.0.1.1 1567 48 80000008 0
Network 10.0.123.1 10.0.1.1 1567 36 80000004 0

The preceding command output shows that the LSDB contains four LSAs, the first
three of which are Type 1 LSAs generated by R1, R2, and R3 respectively. You can
check the AdvRouter field to determine which router generates an LSA. The fourth
e n
/
LSA is a Type 2 LSA, which is generated by a DR of a network segment. Because R1 is
o m
the DR of the network segment 10.0.123.0/24, you can see that the AdvRouter
i . c field
of this LSA is 10.0.1.1.
w e
a
hu
[R1]display ospf lsdb router self-originate

g .
n
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1
Area: 0.0.0.0
ni
Link State Database
ar
l e
Type : Router
: //
Ls id : 10.0.1.1
t tp
Adv rtr : 10.0.1.1

: h
Ls age : 430

e s
Len : 48

r c
u
Options : E
seq# : 80000009
s o
chksum : 0x8188
Link count: 2 Re
i n
* Link ID: 10.0.1.1g
rn
Data : 255.255.255.255

a
Link Type: StubNet

e
L
Metric : 0

e
r
Priority : Medium

o* Link ID : 10.0.123.1

M Data : 10.0.123.1
Link Type: TransNet
Metric : 1

The preceding command output shows detailed information about the Router LSA
generated by R1. This LSA describes two networks. The first network is the network
segment where the loopback interface resides. The Link Type field displays StubNet,

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 17


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

and Link ID and Data fields indicate the IP address and mask of this stub network
segment. The second network is the network segment that connects the three
routers. The Link Type displays TransNet, the Link ID field displays 10.0.123.1, which
is the interface address of the DR, and the Data field displays 10.0.123.1, which is the
local interface address on the network segment.
[R1]display ospf lsdb network self-originate

e n
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1 /
Area: 0.0.0.0
o m
i.c
Link State Database

w e
a
Type : Network
Ls id : 10.0.123.1
u
Adv rtr : 10.0.1.1

g .h
Ls age
Len
: 1662
: 36
ni n
r
lea
Options : E

//
seq# : 80000005
chksum : 0x3d58

p :
Net mask : 255.255.255.0
t t
:h
Priority : Low
Attached Router 10.0.1.1

e s
Attached Router 10.0.2.2
r c
ou
Attached Router 10.0.3.3

e s
The preceding command R output shows detailed information about the Network LSA
generated by R1. n
i g Type 2 LSA describes neighbor information on the network
This
segment where
a rnthe DR resides.
Step 3 L
e
Observe the OSPF neighbor relationship establishment
r e on the routers.
o
process
MCheck DR and BDR election on the network segment 10.0.123.0/24 and analyze
whether the results of tests performed by different candidates are the same.
According to the following command output, the interface IP address of the DR on
this network segment is 10.0.123.1, and that of the BDR on this network segment is
10.0.123.2.

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 18


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

[R1]display ospf peer

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1


Neighbors

Area 0.0.0.0 interface 10.0.123.1(GigabitEthernet0/0/0)'s neighbors


Router ID: 10.0.2.2 Address: 10.0.123.2

e n
State: Full Mode:Nbr is Master Priority: 1
/
DR: 10.0.123.1 BDR: 10.0.123.2 MTU: 0

o m
i.c
Dead timer due in 40 sec
Retrans timer interval: 5
Neighbor is up for 01:03:35
w e
Authentication Sequence: [ 0 ]
u a
Router ID: 10.0.3.3 Address: 10.0.123.3
g .h
State: Full Mode:Nbr is Master Priority: 1
ni n
r
lea
DR: 10.0.123.1 BDR: 10.0.123.2 MTU: 0
Dead timer due in 33 sec
Retrans timer interval: 5
: //
Neighbor is up for 01:02:27

t t p
:h
Authentication Sequence: [ 0 ]

e s
The results of tests performed bycdifferent candidates may be different. This is
r
because DR election of OSPF isunot preempted. That is, when there is a DR or BDR on
s o joins the network cannot preempt to be the DR or
a network, the router that
R e newly

g
BDR. On this network, the router whose OSPF process starts first or that connects to
this network firstin
r n becomes the DR, and other routers are the BDR and DR others.

a
e fails, the BDR becomes the new DR. You can reset an OSPF process to
After the DR
L
e the DR role change. The following example resets the OSPF process of R1.
r
observe
o
M
<R1>reset ospf process
Warning: The OSPF process will be reset. Continue? [Y/N]:y
[R1]display ospf peer

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1


Neighbors

Area 0.0.0.0 interface 10.0.123.1(GigabitEthernet0/0/0)'s neighbors


Router ID: 10.0.2.2 Address: 10.0.123.2

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 19


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

State: Full Mode:Nbr is Master Priority: 1


DR: 10.0.123.2 BDR: 10.0.123.3 MTU: 0
Dead timer due in 34 sec
Retrans timer interval: 0
Neighbor is up for 00:00:19
Authentication Sequence: [ 0 ]

Router ID: 10.0.3.3 Address: 10.0.123.3


State: Full Mode:Nbr is Master Priority: 1
e n
DR: 10.0.123.2 BDR: 10.0.123.3 MTU: 0
/
Dead timer due in 39 sec
o m
i.c
Retrans timer interval: 5
Neighbor is up for 00:00:19
Authentication Sequence: [ 0 ]
w e
u a
. h
i n g
After the OSPF process of R1 is reset, the BDR 10.0.123.2 becomes the new DR, and
the DR other 10.0.123.3 becomes the new BDR.
r n
l e
Shut down G0/0/0 of R1, R2, and R3 and run the debugginga ospf 1 event command
: // process. Undoshutdown
to check the OSPF neighbor relationship establishment

t
G0/0/0 of R1, R2, and R3 simultaneously, and tpobserve neighbor status change and
h
DR and BDR election on the broadcast:multi-access network.
e s
<R1>debugging ospf 1 event
r c
<R1>terminal debugging
o u
e s
[R1]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

R
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]shut

i n g
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]undo shut

rn
<R2>debugging ospf 1 event

a
L e
<R2>terminal debugging
[R2]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

r e
[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]shut

o
[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]undo shut

M<R3>debugging ospf 1 event


<R3>terminal debugging
[R3]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]shutdown
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]undo shutdown

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 20


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Perform the same operations on R2 and R3 and check debugging information on R3.
The default interface priority of all routers is 1. Therefore, router IDs of the three
routers are compared during DR election. Among the three routers, R3 has the
largest router ID and becomes the DR of the network segment.
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]
Oct 12 2016 11:54:59.220.1+00:00 R3 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
FileID: 0xd017802c Line: 1326 Level: 0x20

e n
OSPF 1: Intf 10.0.123.3 Rcv InterfaceUp State Down -> Waiting.
/
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]

o m
i.c
Oct 12 2016 11:54:59.230.1+00:00 R3 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
FileID: 0xd017802c Line: 1440 Level: 0x20
OSPF 1 Send Hello Interface Up on 10.0.123.3
w e
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]
u a
.h
Oct 12 2016 11:55:08.550.2+00:00 R3 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
FileID: 0xd017802d Line: 1200 Level: 0x20

i n g
n
OSPF 1: Nbr 10.0.123.1 Rcv HelloReceived State Down -> Init.

r
lea
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]
Oct 12 2016 11:55:09.530.2+00:00 R3 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
FileID: 0xd017802d Line: 1200 Level: 0x20
: //
t p
OSPF 1: Nbr 10.0.123.2 Rcv HelloReceived State Down -> Init.

t
:h
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]

s
Oct 12 2016 11:55:18.540.2+00:00 R3 RM/6/RMDEBUG:

r c e
FileID: 0xd017802d Line: 1796 Level: 0x20
OSPF 1: Nbr 10.0.123.1 Rcv 2WayReceived State Init -> 2Way.
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]

s ou
Re
Oct 12 2016 11:55:19.570.2+00:00 R3 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
FileID: 0xd017802d Line: 1796 Level: 0x20

n g
OSPF 1: Nbr 10.0.123.2 Rcv 2WayReceived State Init -> 2Way.

i
n
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]

ar
Oct 12 2016 11:55:39.370.1+00:00 R3 RM/6/RMDEBUG:

L e
FileID: 0xd017802d Line: 1796 Level: 0x20

e
OSPF 1: Nbr 10.0.123.1 Rcv AdjOk? State 2Way -> ExStart.

or
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]

M
Oct 12 2016 11:55:39.370.2+00:00 R3 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
FileID: 0xd017802d Line: 1796 Level: 0x20
OSPF 1: Nbr 10.0.123.2 Rcv AdjOk? State 2Way -> ExStart.
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]
Oct 12 2016 11:55:39.370.3+00:00 R3 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
FileID: 0xd017802c Line: 2127 Level: 0x20
OSPF 1 Send Hello Interface State Changed on 10.0.123.3
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]
Oct 12 2016 11:55:39.370.4+00:00 R3 RM/6/RMDEBUG:

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 21


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

FileID: 0xd017802c Line: 2138 Level: 0x20


OSPF 1: Intf 10.0.123.3 Rcv WaitTimer State Waiting -> DR.
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]
Oct 12 2016 11:55:39.390.1+00:00 R3 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
FileID: 0xd017802d Line: 1909 Level: 0x20
OSPF 1: Nbr 10.0.123.1 Rcv NegotiationDone State ExStart -> Exchange.
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]
Oct 12 2016 11:55:39.390.2+00:00 R3 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
FileID: 0xd017802d Line: 1909 Level: 0x20
e n
OSPF 1: Nbr 10.0.123.2 Rcv NegotiationDone State ExStart -> Exchange.
/
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]
o m
i.c
Oct 12 2016 11:55:39.400.1+00:00 R3 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
FileID: 0xd017802d Line: 2021 Level: 0x20
OSPF 1: Nbr 10.0.123.1 Rcv ExchangeDone State Exchange -> Loading.
w e
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]
u a
Oct 12 2016 11:55:39.400.2+00:00 R3 RM/6/RMDEBUG:

g .h
n
FileID: 0xd017802d Line: 2423 Level: 0x20

ni
OSPF 1: Nbr 10.0.123.1 Rcv LoadingDone State Loading -> Full.

r
lea
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]
Oct 12 2016 11:55:39.400.3+00:00 R3 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
FileID: 0xd017802d Line: 2021 Level: 0x20
: //
t p
OSPF 1: Nbr 10.0.123.2 Rcv ExchangeDone State Exchange -> Loading.

t
:h
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]

s
Oct 12 2016 11:55:39.400.4+00:00 R3 RM/6/RMDEBUG:

c e
FileID: 0xd017802d Line: 2423 Level: 0x20

r
ou
OSPF 1: Nbr 10.0.123.2 Rcv LoadingDone State Loading -> Full.
<R1>undo debugging all
<R2>undo debugging all
es
<R3>undo debugging all
R
i n g
njust enabled, the interface state changes from Down to Waiting.
When G0/0/0ris
a
e start exchanging Hello packets. After 40 seconds, the status of G0/0/0
L
Then routers
on R3echanges from Waiting to DR.
o r
MStep 4 Set the network type for loopback interfaces.
Check the IP routing table of R1 and focus on the two routes 10.0.2.2/32 and
10.0.3.3/32.
[R1]display ip routing-table
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 22


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Routing Tables: Public


Destinations : 12 Routes : 12

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.1.1 LoopBack0


10.0.1.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0
10.0.1.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0
10.0.2.2/32 OSPF 10 1 D 10.0.123.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
e n
10.0.3.3/32 OSPF 10 1 D 10.0.123.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
/
10.0.123.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.123.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
o m
i.c
10.0.123.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.123.255/32
127.0.0.0/8
Direct 0
Direct 0
0
0
D
D
127.0.0.1
127.0.0.1
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
InLoopBack0
w e
127.0.0.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
u a
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1

g
InLoopBack0
.h
n
255.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

ni
r
ainterfaces of R2 and R3, the
l
During the configuration of IP addresses for loopback
e
/ of R1 displays routes with the
24-bit mask is used. Analyze why the IP routing /table
:
32-bit mask.
t tp
: h 0 verbose command to check the OSPF
s
Run the display ospf interface LoopBack
e
running status of Loopback0.
r c
o u
s
[R1]display ospf interface LoopBack 0 verbose

e
R
g
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1

i n
Interfaces

a rn
e
Interface: 10.0.1.1 (LoopBack0)

e L
Cost: 0 State: P-2-P Type: P2P MTU: 1500

r
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Poll 120 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1

o
IO Statistics

M Type
Hello
Input
0
Output
0
DB Description 0 0
Link-State Req 0 0
Link-State Update 0 0
Link-State Ack 0 0
ALLSPF GROUP
OpaqueId: 0 PrevState: Down

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 23


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

OSPF knows that the network segment where Loopback0 resides can have only one
IP address. Therefore the subnet mask of the advertised route is 32 bits.

Change the network type of Loopback0 on R2 to broadcast. When OSPF advertises


network information of this interface, it will use a 24-bit mask.
[R2]interface LoopBack 0

e n
[R2-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast
/
o m
i
You can see that the subnet mask of the route to Loopback0 address advertised . c by
R2 is 24 bits. w e
a
[R1]display ip routing-table
. hu
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

i n g
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public
r n
Destinations : 12 Routes : 12
l e a
: //
tp
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

ht
10.0.1.0/24 Direct 0 0

s : D 10.0.1.1 LoopBack0
10.0.1.1/32
10.0.1.255/32
Direct 0
Direct 0
r
0

c
0 e D
D
127.0.0.1
127.0.0.1
LoopBack0
LoopBack0
10.0.2.2/24 OSPF
o
10
u 1 D 10.0.123.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.3.3/32 OSPF
es10 1 D 10.0.123.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.123.0/24
R
Direct 0 0 D 10.0.123.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.123.1/32
10.0.123.255/32
i n g
Direct 0
Direct 0
0
0
D
D
127.0.0.1
127.0.0.1
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
GigabitEthernet0/0/0

a rn
127.0.0.0/8 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

L e
127.0.0.1/32 Direct 0
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0
0
0
D
D
127.0.0.1
127.0.0.1
InLoopBack0
InLoopBack0

r e
255.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

o
MRun the display ospf interface LoopBack 0 verbose command to check the OSPF
running status of Loopback0. The command output shows that the network type of
Loopback0 is broadcast.
[R2]display ospf interface LoopBack 0 verbose

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.2.2

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 24


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Interfaces

Interface: 10.0.2.2 (LoopBack0)


Cost: 0 State: DR Type: Broadcast MTU: 1500
Priority: 1
Designated Router: 10.0.2.2
Backup Designated Router: 0.0.0.0
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Poll 120 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1
IO Statistics
e n
Type Input Output
/
Hello 0 0
o m
i.c
DB Description 0 0
Link-State Req
Link-State Update
0
0
0
0
w e
Link-State Ack 0 0
u a
ALLSPF GROUP

g .h
n
ALLDR GROUP
OpaqueId: 0 PrevState: Waiting
ni
r
//lea
Step 5 Change the OSPF interface cost.
p :
t t
:h
Check the cost of the route from R1 to Loopback0 of R3. You can see that the cost of
the route to 10.0.3.3/32 is 1.
e s
[R1]display ip routing-table
r c
ou
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

s
Routing Tables: Public
Re
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

ing
Destinations : 12 Routes : 12

a
Destination/Mask
rn Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

e
eL
10.0.1.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.1.1 LoopBack0

or
10.0.1.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0

M
10.0.1.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0
10.0.2.2/24 OSPF 10 1 D 10.0.123.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.3.3/32 OSPF 10 1 D 10.0.123.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.123.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.123.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.123.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.123.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
127.0.0.0/8 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
127.0.0.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 25


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

255.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

Change the cost of G0/0/0 on R1 to 20 and that on R3 to 10.


[R1]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ospf cost 20
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

e n
/
[R3]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

m
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ospf cost 10
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
o
e i.c
Check the cost of the route from R1 to Loopback0 of R3 again. You can see that the
aw
u
.h
cost of the route to 10.0.3.3/32 is 20.
[R1]display ip routing-table

i n g
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

r n
lea
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

//
Routing Tables: Public
Destinations : 12 Routes : 12

p :
t t
:h
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

e s
10.0.1.0/24 Direct 0 0

r c D 10.0.1.1 LoopBack0

ou
10.0.1.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0

s
10.0.1.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0
10.0.2.2/24
10.0.3.3/32
OSPF
OSPF Re
10
10
1
20
D
D
10.0.123.2
10.0.123.3
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.123.0/24
i n g
Direct 0 0 D 10.0.123.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

n
ar
10.0.123.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.123.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

L e
127.0.0.0/8 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

e
or
127.0.0.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

M
255.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

On R3, check the cost of the route to 10.0.1.1/32. You can see that the cost is 10.
[R3]display ip routing-table
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 26


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Destinations : 12 Routes : 12

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.1/32 OSPF 10 10 D 10.0.123.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0


10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 10 D 10.0.123.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.3.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.3.3 LoopBack0
10.0.3.3/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0
10.0.3.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0
e n
10.0.123.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.123.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
/
10.0.123.3/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
o m
i.c
10.0.123.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
127.0.0.0/8
127.0.0.1/32
Direct 0
Direct 0
0
0
D
D
127.0.0.1
127.0.0.1
InLoopBack0
InLoopBack0
w e
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
u a
255.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

g .h
Step 6 Configure OSPF interfaces as silent interfaces.
ni n
r
Configure G0/0/0 of R1 as a silent interface.
//lea
[R1]ospf 1
p :
t
[R1-ospf-1]silent-interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
t
:h
[R1-ospf-1]quit

e s
r con R1 to check OSPF neighbor relationship
ou learning on R1. The command output shows that
Run the display ip routing-table
establishment and routingsentry
the route learned fromR
e
OSPF disappears in the IP routing table.

i n g
[R1]display ip routing-table

rn
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

a
L e
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public

r e Destinations : 12 Routes : 12

o
MDestination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.1.1 LoopBack0


10.0.1.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0
10.0.1.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0
10.0.123.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.123.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.123.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.123.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 27


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

127.0.0.0/8 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0


127.0.0.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
255.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

Check the neighbor list of R1. You can see that OSPF neighbor relationships between
R1 and R2 and between R1 and R3 disapear. After a RIP interface is configured as a

e n
silent interface, this interface does not send RIP updates. In OSPF, routers can
/
exchange routing information only after they establish an OSPF neighbor
o m
. c
relationship. After an OSPF interface is configured as a silent interface, this interface
i
does not receive or send Hello packets. As a result, this interface cannot e establish
OSPF neighbor relationships with interfaces of other routers. aw
. hu
g
[R1]display ospf interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

ni n
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1

ar
e
Interfaces

// l
:
tp
Interface: 10.0.123.1 (GigabitEthernet0/0/0)
Cost: 20 State: DR
t
Type: Broadcast

h
MTU: 1500

:
Priority: 1
Designated Router: 10.0.123.1
e s
r
Backup Designated Router: 0.0.0.0
c
u
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Poll 120 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1

o
Silent interface, No hellos

e s
R
i
Restore G0/0/0 of R1
n g to the default state and configure Loopback0 of the three
routes as silentninterfaces.
a r
L e
[R1]ospf 1

r e
[R1-ospf-1]undo silent-interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0

o
[R1-ospf-1]silent-interface LoopBack 0

M[R1-ospf-1]quit

[R2]ospf 1
[R2-ospf-1]silent-interface LoopBack 0
[R1-ospf-1]quit

[R3]ospf 1
[R3-ospf-1]silent-interface LoopBack 0
[R1-ospf-1]quit

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 28


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Check the IP routing table of R1. The command output shows that configuring
Loopback0 as a silent interface does not affect its route advertisement.
[R1]display ip routing-table
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public

e n
Destinations : 12 Routes : 12
/
o m
i.c
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.1.1 LoopBack0


w e
10.0.1.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0
u a
.h
10.0.1.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0
10.0.2.0/24
10.0.3.3/32
OSPF
OSPF
10
10
20
20
D
D
10.0.123.2
10.0.123.3
i n g
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.123.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.123.1
r n
GigabitEthernet0/0/0

lea
10.0.123.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

://
10.0.123.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

tp
127.0.0.0/8 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

t
:h
127.0.0.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

e s
r c
ou
----End

e s
Additional Exercises:RAnalysis and Verification

i n g
rncan also be used in actual configuration, what are the differences of
Analyze why the wildcard mask 0.0.0.0 is used in OSPF configuration? The wildcard
a
e
mask 0.0.0.255
the two L
r e wildcard masks?

o which types of interfaces should be configured as silent interfaces in


Analyze
Mreal-world networks.
Device Configurations
<R1>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
sysname R1

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 29


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

#
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
ip address 10.0.123.1 255.255.255.0
ospf cost 20
#
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.1.1 255.255.255.0
#
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.1.1
e n
silent-interface LoopBack0
/
area 0.0.0.0
o m
i.c
authentication-mode simple plain huawei
network 10.0.1.1 0.0.0.0
network 10.0.123.1 0.0.0.0
w e
#
u a
return

g .h
<R2>display current-configuration
ni n
r
lea
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
sysname R2
: //
#

t t p
:h
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0

s
ip address 10.0.123.2 255.255.255.0
#

r c e
ou
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.2.2 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type broadcast
es
#
R
n g
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.2.2

i
n
silent-interface LoopBack0
area 0.0.0.0

e ar
L
authentication-mode simple plain huawei

e
network 10.0.2.2 0.0.0.0

or network 10.0.123.2 0.0.0.0

M
#
return

<R3>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
sysname R3
#
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 30


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

ip address 10.0.123.3 255.255.255.0


ospf cost 10
#
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.3.3 255.255.255.0
#
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.3.3
silent-interface LoopBack0
area 0.0.0.0
e n
authentication-mode simple plain huawei
/
network 10.0.3.3 0.0.0.0
o m
i.c
network 10.0.123.3 0.0.0.0
#
return
w e
u a
g .h
ni n
r
//lea
p :
t t
s :h
r c e
sou
Re
i n g
n
e ar
e L
or
M

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 31


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Lab 1-2 Multiple OSPF Areas

Learning Objectives

The objectives of this lab are to learn and understand:

e n
 How to configure a router ID for an OSPF router
/
 How to configure multiple OSPF areas
o m
 How to configure route summarization between OSPF areas
e i.c
 How to set the reference bandwidth
aw
u
 How to configure OSPF to import external routes
g .h

i n
How to summarize routes when OSPF imports external routes
n
How to import default routes into OSPF
ar
e

l
How to change the priorities of OSPF//routes

p :
t t
Topology
: h
e s
r c
o u
es
R
i n g
a rn
L e
r e
o
M
Figure 1-2 Multiple OSPF areas

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 32


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Scenario

You are a network administrator of a company. There are five AR G3 routers in the
network. R1, R2, and R4 are deployed in the headquarters and connected through an
Ethernet. R3 and R5 are deployed in the branch. R3 is connected to R2 in the
headquarters through a leased line, and R5 is connected to R3 through a leased line.
Because of the large network scale, to control the flooding of LSAs, you design
e n
multiple OSPF areas for interconnection. /
Loopback0 and interconnected interfaces of R2 and R3 belong to Area 0. The o
m
i . c
interconnected network segment between R3 and R5 and Loopback0/1/2 e of R5
w and R4 and
belong to Area 1. The interconnected network segment between R1,aR2,
Loopback0 of R1 and R4 belong to Area 2.
. hu
To specify router IDs for the routers, configure the routersin
g
to use fixed addresses as
r n
their router IDs.
l e a
:
To improve routing forwarding efficiency for routers,// you configure automatic
summarization on the borders between areas.
t tp
h
R1 is connected to an external network: of the company. You configure R1 to import
e s
routes outside the areas into these
r c areas.
o u You need to configure a default route on R4 and
esthat all the routers in these areas know how to access the
R4 is connected to the Internet.
import it into the areasRso
Internet.
i n g
a
OSPF routes arernclassified into internal and external routes. You change the priorities
of OSPFL e to avoid risks.
routes

Ino re the cost of a specific route is the sum of the costs of all the links through
OSPF,
Mwhich a route reaches a destination network. The link cost is obtained through
comparison between the interface bandwidth and reference bandwidth. The
reference bandwidth is 100 Mbps, but actual interface bandwidth may be 1000 Mbps.
Because the cost is an integer, the OSPF cost of both fast Ethernet (FE) interfaces and
gigabit Ethernet (GE) interfaces is 1. To differentiate these links, you can define the
reference bandwidth as 10 Gbps.

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 33


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Some network faults occur during device configuration, you can run the display and
debugging commands to rectify these faults.

Tasks

Step 1 Set basic parameters and configure IP addresses.

Configure IP addresses and masks for all the routers. Set a 24-bit mask for all
e n
/
loopback interfaces to simulate an independent network segment.
o m
i.c
<R1>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R1]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
w e
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.0.124.1 24
u a
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

g .h
n
[R1]interface LoopBack 0
[R1-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.1.1 24
ni
r
lea
[R1-LoopBack0]quit

//
[R1]interface LoopBack 1
[R1-LoopBack1]ip address 10.2.0.1 24

p :
[R1-LoopBack1]quit
t t
:h
[R1]interface LoopBack 2
[R1-LoopBack2]ip address 10.2.1.1 24

e s
c
[R1-LoopBack2]quit

r
<R2>system-view
s ou
Re
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R2]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

n g
[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.0.124.2 24
i
n
[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

ar
[R2]interface Serial 2/0/0

e
e L
[R2-Serial2/0/0]ip address 10.0.23.2 24
[R2-Serial2/0/0]quit

or
[R2]interface LoopBack 0

M
[R2-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.2.2 24
[R2-LoopBack0]quit

<R3>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R3]interface Serial 2/0/0
[R3-Serial2/0/0]ip address 10.0.23.3 24
[R3-Serial2/0/0]quit
[R3]interface Serial 3/0/0

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 34


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

[R3-Serial3/0/0]ip address 10.0.35.3 24


[R3-Serial3/0/0]quit
[R3]interface LoopBack 0
[R3-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.3.3 24

<R4>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R4]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.0.124.4 24
e n
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
/
[R4]interface LoopBack 0
o m
i.c
[R4-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.4.4 24
[R4-LoopBack0]quit

w e
<R5>system-view
u a
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.

g .h
n
[R5]interface Serial 1/0/0
[R5-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.35.5 24
ni
r
lea
[R5-Serial1/0/0]quit
[R5]interface LoopBack 0
[R5-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.5.5 24
: //
[R5-LoopBack0]quit

t t p
:h
[R5]interface LoopBack 1

s
[R5-LoopBack1]ip address 10.1.0.1 24
[R5-LoopBack1]quit

r c e
ou
[R5]interface LoopBack 2
[R5-LoopBack2]ip address 10.1.1.1 24
[R5-LoopBack2]quit
es
R
i n g
After the configurations are complete, test direct link connectivity.
n
e ar
[R2]ping -c 1 10.0.124.1

e L
PING 10.0.124.1: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

or
Reply from 10.0.124.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=5 ms

M--- 10.0.124.1 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 5/5/5 ms

[R2]ping -c 1 10.0.124.4
PING 10.0.124.4: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 35


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Reply from 10.0.124.4: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=14 ms

--- 10.0.124.4 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 14/14/14 ms

[R2]ping -c 1 10.0.23.3
e n
PING 10.0.23.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
/
Reply from 10.0.23.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=41 ms
o m
--- 10.0.23.3 ping statistics ---
e i.c
1 packet(s) transmitted

aw
1 packet(s) received
u
0.00% packet loss

g .h
n
round-trip min/avg/max = 41/41/41 ms

ni
r
lea
[R3]ping -c 1 10.0.35.5
PING 10.0.35.5: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

: //
Reply from 10.0.35.5: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=38 ms

t t p
:h
--- 10.0.35.5 ping statistics ---

s
1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received

r c e
ou
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 38/38/38 ms

e s
R
Step 2 Configuregmultiple OSPF areas.
i n
a rn router IDs, manually specify router IDs for routers. There are two
To ensure stable

L e manually specify a router ID for a router. The first one is to run the router
methods to

r e in the system view.


id command
o
M[R1]router id 10.0.1.1

The second one is to specify the router-id parameter when starting an OSPF process.
[R1]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.1.1

When both methods are used on a router to specify a router ID, only the router ID
configured using the second method takes effect on the router. If multiple OSPF

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 36


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

processes need to be started on a router and these processes must use different
router IDs, you can only use the second method to specify router IDs for these
processes.

On R1, configure Loopback0 and GigabitEthernet0/0/0 to belong to Area 2. To


enable OSPF to advertise real masks of loopback interfaces, change the OSPF
network type of loopback interfaces in all the areas to broadcast.
e n
[R1]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.1.1
/
[R1-ospf-1]area 2
o m
i.c
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]network 10.0.124.1 0.0.0.0
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]network 10.0.1.1 0.0.0.0

w e
a
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]quit
[R1-ospf-1]quit
u
[R1]interface LoopBack 0

g .h
n
[R1-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast
[R1-LoopBack0]quit
ni
r
//lea
:
On R2, configure Loopback0 and Serial2/0/0 to belong to Area 0 and
p
GigabitEthernet0/0/0 to belong to Area 2.
t t
[R2]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.2.2
s:h
[R2-ospf-1]area 0

r c e
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.23.2 0.0.0.0

ou
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.2.2 0.0.0.0

s
[R2-ospf-1]area 2
Re
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit

n g
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]network 10.0.124.2 0.0.0.0

i
n
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]quit

ar
[R2-ospf-1]quit

L e
[R2]interface LoopBack 0

e
[R2-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast

or
[R2-LoopBack0]quit

M
On R3, configure Loopback0 and Serial2/0/0 to belong to Area 0 and Serial3/0/0 to
belong to Area 1.
[R3]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.3.3
[R3-ospf-1]area 0
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.3.3 0.0.0.0
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.23.3 0.0.0.0

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 37


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[R3-ospf-1]area 1
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]network 10.0.35.3 0.0.0.0
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]quit
[R3-ospf-1]quit
[R3]interface LoopBack 0
[R3-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast
[R3-LoopBack0]quit

e n
/
On R4, configure Loopback0 and GigabitEthernet0/0/0 to belong to Area 2.
o m
[R4]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.4.4
i . c
[R4-ospf-1]area 2

w e
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]network 10.0.4.4 0.0.0.0
a
hu
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]network 10.0.124.4 0.0.0.0
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]quit
g .
[R4-ospf-1]quit

ni n
r
[R4]interface LoopBack 0
[R4-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast

l e a
//
[R4-LoopBack0]quit

:
t tp to belong to Area 1.
h
On R5, configure loopback interfaces and Serial1/0/0
:
[R5]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.5.5
e s
[R5-ospf-1]area 1
r c
o u
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]network 10.0.5.5 0.0.0.0

es
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]network 10.1.0.1 0.0.0.0

R
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]network 10.1.1.1 0.0.0.0

i n g
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]network 10.0.35.5 0.0.0.0

rn
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]quit

a
[R5-ospf-1]quit

e
[R5]interface LoopBack 0
L
e
[R5-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast

o r
[R5-LoopBack0]quit

M
[R5]interface LoopBack 1
[R5-LoopBack1]ospf network-type broadcast
[R5-LoopBack1]quit
[R5]interface LoopBack 2
[R5-LoopBack2]ospf network-type broadcast
[R5-LoopBack2]quit

After the configurations are complete, check the IP routing table of R1.
[R1]display ip routing-table

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 38


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib


---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public
Destinations : 24 Routes : 24

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.1.1 LoopBack0


10.0.1.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0
e n
10.0.1.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0
/
10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1 D 10.0.124.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
o m
i.c
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.124.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.4.0/24
10.0.5.0/24
OSPF
OSPF
10
10
1
3125
D
D
10.0.124.4
10.0.124.2
GigabitEthernet0/0/0

w
GigabitEthernet0/0/0e
10.0.23.0/24 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.124.2
u a
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF 10 3125 D 10.0.124.2
.h
GigabitEthernet0/0/0

g
n
10.0.124.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.124.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.124.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1
ni
GigabitEthernet0/0/0

r
lea
10.0.124.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.1.0.0/24 OSPF 10 3125 D 10.0.124.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.1.1.0/24 OSPF 10 3125 D
:
10.0.124.2
// GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.2.0.0/24 Direct 0 0 D
t p
10.2.0.1

t
LoopBack1

:h
10.2.0.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack1

es
10.2.0.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack1

c
10.2.1.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.2.1.1 LoopBack2

r
ou
10.2.1.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack2
10.2.1.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack2
127.0.0.0/8 Direct 0
es 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
127.0.0.1/32
R
Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

i n g
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

n
255.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

e ar
L
R1 has all routing entries of the network.
e
or
On R1, test the connectivity to loopback interfaces of other routers.
M
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.2.2
PING 10.0.2.2: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.0.2.2: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=3 ms

--- 10.0.2.2 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 39


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

round-trip min/avg/max = 3/3/3 ms

[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.5.5
PING 10.0.5.5: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.0.5.5: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=253 time=88 ms

--- 10.0.5.5 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
e n
0.00% packet loss
/
round-trip min/avg/max = 88/88/88 ms
o m
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.4.4
e i.c
PING 10.0.4.4: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

aw
Reply from 10.0.4.4: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=3 ms
u
g .h
n
--- 10.0.4.4 ping statistics ---
1 packet(s) transmitted
ni
r
lea
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 3/3/3 ms
: //
t t p
Run the display ospf brief command onhR2 to check basic OSPF information.
s :
[R2]display ospf brief
r c e
o u
s
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.2.2

Re
OSPF Protocol Information

i n
RouterID: 10.0.2.2g Border Router: AREA

rn
Multi-VPN-Instance is not enabled

a
e
Global DS-TE Mode: Non-Standard IETF Mode

L
Graceful-restart capability: disabled

e
o r
Helper support capability : not configured
Spf-schedule-interval: max 10000ms, start 500ms, hold 1000ms

M Default ASE parameters: Metric: 1 Tag: 1 Type: 2


Route Preference: 10
ASE Route Preference: 150
SPF Computation Count: 19
RFC 1583 Compatible
Retransmission limitation is disabled
Area Count: 2 Nssa Area Count: 0
ExChange/Loading Neighbors: 0

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 40


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Area: 0.0.0.0 (MPLS TE not enabled)


Authtype: None Area flag: Normal
SPF scheduled Count: 18
ExChange/Loading Neighbors: 0
Router ID conflict state: Normal
Area interface up count: 2

Interface: 10.0.2.2 (LoopBack0)


e n
Cost: 0 State: DR Type: Broadcast MTU: 1500
/
Priority: 1
o m
i.c
Designated Router: 10.0.2.2
Backup Designated Router: 0.0.0.0
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Poll 120 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1
w e
u a
Interface: 10.0.23.2 (Serial2/0/0) --> 10.0.23.3

g .h
n
Cost: 1562 State: P-2-P Type: P2P MTU: 1500

ni
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Poll 120 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1

r
Area: 0.0.0.2 (MPLS TE not enabled)

//lea
Authtype: None Area flag: Normal

p :
SPF scheduled Count: 16

t t
:h
ExChange/Loading Neighbors: 0

s
Router ID conflict state: Normal
Area interface up count: 1

r c e
ou
Interface: 10.0.124.2 (GigabitEthernet0/0/0)
s
Cost: 1
Priority: 1
State: BDR

ReType: Broadcast MTU: 1500

n g
Designated Router: 10.0.124.1

i
n
Backup Designated Router: 10.0.124.2

ar
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Poll 120 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1

e
e L
r
In the preceding command output, "Border Router: AREA" indicates that R2 is an
o
MABR. If R2 is an intra-area router, the Border Router field is empty. If it is an ASBR,
this field displays AS.

R2 has three interfaces that participate in OSPF route calculation. You have changed
the network type of Loopback0 to broadcast. The encapsulation type of Serial2/0/0
is PPP. Therefore, the default network type is point-to-point (P2P). GigabitEthernet
0/0/0 is connected to Area 2 and its network type is broadcast.

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 41


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Run the display ospf peer brief command on R2 to check information about OSPF
neighbor relationships between the routers. The command output shows that in
Area 0, R2 has a neighbor 10.0.3.3; in Area 2, R2 has two neighbors 10.0.1.1 and
10.0.4.4 and has established neighbor relationships with the two neighbors (in Full
state).
[R2]display ospf peer brief

e n
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.2.2 /
Peer Statistic Information
o m
i.c
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Area Id Interface Neighbor id State

w e
a
0.0.0.0 Serial2/0/0 10.0.3.3 Full
0.0.0.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0 10.0.1.1 Full
u
0.0.0.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0 10.0.4.4

g
Full
.h
i n
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

n
r
aOSPF LSDB information. The
Run the display ospf lsdb command on R2 to check
/ l e
command output shows that R2 functioning as:/ an ABR maintains two LSDBs, which

t tp
describe routes of Area 0 and Area 2 respectively.
: h
[R2]display ospf lsdb

e s
r c
u
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.2.2

o
s
Link State Database

e
R
g
Area: 0.0.0.0
Type
i n
LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router

a rn
10.0.3.3 10.0.3.3 788 60 80000008 0

e
Router 10.0.2.2 10.0.2.2 869 60 80000008 0

e L
Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.3.3 846 28 80000002 1562

o r
Sum-Net
Sum-Net
10.0.124.0
10.0.1.0
10.0.2.2
10.0.2.2
1259 28
143 28
80000002
80000001 1
1

MSum-Net 10.1.1.0
Sum-Net 10.0.5.0
10.0.3.3
10.0.3.3
1565 28
1594 28
80000001
80000001
1562
1562
Sum-Net 10.1.0.0 10.0.3.3 1584 28 80000001 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.4.0 10.0.2.2 538 28 80000002 1

Area: 0.0.0.2
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router 10.0.4.4 10.0.4.4 504 48 80000008 1

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 42


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Router 10.0.2.2 10.0.2.2 558 36 80000006 1


Router 10.0.1.1 10.0.1.1 568 60 80000011 1
Network 10.0.124.1 10.0.1.1 559 36 80000005 0
Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.2.2 846 28 80000002 3124
Sum-Net 10.0.3.0 10.0.2.2 830 28 80000002 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.2.0 10.0.2.2 1249 28 80000002 0
Sum-Net 10.1.1.0 10.0.2.2 1565 28 80000001 3124
Sum-Net 10.0.5.0 10.0.2.2 1595 28 80000001 3124
Sum-Net 10.1.0.0 10.0.2.2 1584 28 80000001 3124
e n
Sum-Net 10.0.23.0 10.0.2.2 1261 28 80000002 1562
/
o m
Step 3 Configure inter-area route summarization.
e i.c
aw
Check the OSPF routing tables of R2 and R3.
u
[R2]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
g .h
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

ni n
r
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

lea
Public routing table : OSPF

//
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

p :
OSPF routing table status : <Active>
t t
:h
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

e s
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost
r c Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.0/24 OSPF
s
10 ou
1 D 10.0.124.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF
Re
10 1562 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0

ing
10.0.4.0/24 OSPF 10 1 D 10.0.124.4 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.5.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0

n
ar
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0

e
10.1.0.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0

e L
10.1.1.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0

or
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>

M Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

[R3]display ip routing-table protocol ospf


Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 43


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

OSPF routing table status : <Active>


Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0


10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.0.4.0/24 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.0.5.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.35.5 Serial3/0/0
e n
10.0.124.0/24 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
/
10.1.0.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.35.5 Serial3/0/0
o m
i.c
10.1.1.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.35.5 Serial3/0/0

OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>


w e
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0
u a
g .h
i n
Routing information of 10.1.0.0/24 and 10.1.1.0/24 is displayed as specific routes.
n
ar
l e
These specific routes can be summarized and then advertised to other areas. Route

: //
summarization can reduce the routing entries advertised to other areas and reduces

t
route flappings. Run the abr-summary command tp on R3 to summarize the network
segment of Loopback1 and Loopback2 of
: hR5 for advertisement.
e s
[R3]ospf 1
r c
[R3-ospf-1]area 1

o u
s
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]abr-summary 10.1.0.0 255.255.254.0

e
R
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]quit

g
[R3-ospf-1]quit

i n
a rn
After the configurations are complete, check summarized route information on R3
and R2. Le

r e
o
[R3]display ip routing-table protocol ospf

MRoute Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib


----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

OSPF routing table status : <Active>


Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 44


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0


10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.0.4.0/24 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.0.5.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.35.5 Serial3/0/0
10.0.124.0/24 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.1.0.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.35.5 Serial3/0/0
10.1.1.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.35.5 Serial3/0/0

e n
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>
/
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0
o m
[R2]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
e i.c
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

aw
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
u
Public routing table : OSPF

g .h
n
Destinations : 6 Routes : 6

ni
r
lea
OSPF routing table status : <Active>
Destinations : 6 Routes : 6

: //
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost
t p
Flags NextHop

t
Interface

:h
es
10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 1 D 10.0.124.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

c
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0

r
ou
10.0.4.0/24 OSPF 10 1 D 10.0.124.4 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.5.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF
es
10 3124 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.1.0.0/23 OSPF
R10 3124 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0

i n g
n
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>

e ar
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

e L
r
The preceding command output shows that in the OSPF routing table of R3, routes
o
M10.1.0.0/24 and 10.1.1.0/24 are still displayed as specific routes; in the OSPF routing
table of R2, only the summarized route 10.1.0.0/23 exists.

After the configurations are complete, test the connectivity between other routers
and network segments 10.1.0.0/24 and 10.1.1.0/24.
[R1]ping -c 1 10.1.0.1
PING 10.1.0.1: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 45


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Reply from 10.1.0.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=253 time=66 ms

--- 10.1.0.1 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 66/66/66 ms

[R1]ping -c 1 10.1.1.1
e n
PING 10.1.1.1: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
/
Reply from 10.1.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=253 time=66 ms
o m
--- 10.1.1.1 ping statistics ---
e i.c
1 packet(s) transmitted

aw
1 packet(s) received
u
0.00% packet loss

g .h
n
round-trip min/avg/max = 66/66/66 ms

ni
r
lea
[R2]ping -c 1 10.1.0.1
PING 10.1.0.1: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

: //
Reply from 10.1.0.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=254 time=69 ms

t t p
:h
--- 10.1.0.1 ping statistics ---

s
1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received

r c e
ou
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 69/69/69 ms

es
[R3]ping -c 1 10.1.0.1
R
n g
PING 10.1.0.1: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

i
n
Reply from 10.1.0.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=29 ms

e ar
L
--- 10.1.0.1 ping statistics ---

e
1 packet(s) transmitted

or1 packet(s) received

M 0.00% packet loss


round-trip min/avg/max = 29/29/29 ms

Step 4 Change the OSPF reference bandwidth.

In real-world networks, you may use 1000M Ethernet and even 10G Ethernet. The
default OSPF reference bandwidth is 100 Mbps and the interface cost is an integer.

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 46


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Therefore, OSPF cannot differentiate 100M Ethernet and 1000M Ethernet based on
the bandwidth.

Run the bandwidth-reference command on R2 to change the OSPF reference


bandwidth to 10 Gbps.
[R2-ospf-1]bandwidth-reference 10000

e n
Check the OSPF routing table of R2 to learn OSPF neighbor relationships and routing /
information learning. In the OSPF routing table, the cost has changed. o m
i . c
[R2]display ip routing-table protocol ospf

w e
a
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

hu
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF

g .
n
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

ni
OSPF routing table status : <Active>
ar
l e
//
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

:
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost
t tp
Flags NextHop Interface

: h
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10
s
65535

e
D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.0.4.0/24 OSPF 10

r c
10 D 10.0.124.4 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.5.0/24 OSPF 10

o u 67097 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0

s
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF 10 67097 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.1.0.0/23 OSPF

R e 10 67097 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0

i n g
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>

rn
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

a
eOSPF areas, the OSPF reference bandwidth must be consistent. Otherwise,
L
ecannot run normally. Change the OSPF reference bandwidth of all routers to 10
In multiple

o
OSPFr
MGbps.
[R1]ospf 1
[R1-ospf-1]bandwidth-reference 10000
[R1-ospf-1]quit

[R2]ospf 1
[R2-ospf-1]bandwidth-reference 10000
[R2-ospf-1]quit

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 47


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

[R3]ospf 1
[R3-ospf-1]bandwidth-reference 10000
[R3-ospf-1]quit

[R4]ospf 1
[R4-ospf-1]bandwidth-reference 10000
[R4-ospf-1]quit

e n
[R5]ospf 1
/
[R5-ospf-1]bandwidth-reference 10000
o m
i.c
[R5-ospf-1]quit

e
w OSPF
a
Check the neighbor list and OSPF routing table of R2 to determine whether
neighbor relationships and routing information are normal.
. hu
[R2]display ospf peer brief
i n g
r n
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.2.2
l e a
Peer Statistic Information
: //
tp
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Area Id Interface
ht Neighbor id State
0.0.0.0 Serial2/0/0

s : 10.0.3.3 Full
0.0.0.2
0.0.0.2
r c e
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.1.1
10.0.4.4
Full
Full

o u
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

es
R
[R2]display ip routing-table protocol ospf

i n g
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

rn
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

a
Public routing table : OSPF

L e
Destinations : 6 Routes : 6

r e
OSPF routing table status : <Active>
o Destinations : 6 Routes : 6
MDestination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 100 D 10.0.124.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0


10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 65535 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.0.4.0/24 OSPF 10 100 D 10.0.124.4 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.5.0/24 OSPF 10 131070 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF 10 131070 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 48


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

10.1.0.0/23 OSPF 10 131070 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0

OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>


Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

The preceding command output shows that routing information is normal. You can
test network connectivity.

Step 5 Summarize direct routes and import summarized routes into/ e n


OSPF areas. o m
i . c
Loopback1 and Loopback2 of R1 do not belong to an OSPF area. Import the
w e network
segments where the two loopback interfaces reside into an OSPF area
u a and
summarize the routes on R1. . h
i n g
n
[R1]ospf 1
[R1-ospf-1]import-route direct
ar
[R1-ospf-1]asbr-summary 10.2.0.0 255.255.254.0
l e
[R1-ospf-1]quit
: //
t tp
:
Check external routing information on R1.h
e s
r c
[R1]display ospf lsdb ase 10.2.0.0

o u
s
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1

e
R
Link State Database

Type
i n g
: External
Ls id

a rn
: 10.2.0.0

e
Adv rtr : 10.0.1.1
Ls age

e L : 293

o r
Len
Options
: 36
: E

M seq#
chksum
: 80000001
: 0x2b6
Net mask : 255.255.254.0
TOS 0 Metric: 2
E type : 2
Forwarding Address : 0.0.0.0
Tag : 1
Priority : Low

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 49


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

R1 uses a Type 5 LSA to advertise the network segment 10.2.0.0 to other routers. The
subnet mask is 255.255.254.0.

Check summarized routes on other routers and test network connectivity.


[R2]display ip routing-table protocol ospf

n
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
/ e
Public routing table : OSPF

o m
i.c
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

OSPF routing table status : <Active>


w e
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

u a
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop
g .h
Interface

ni n
10.0.1.0/24 O_ASE 150 100 D 10.0.124.1
r
GigabitEthernet0/0/0

lea
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 65535 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0

://
10.0.4.0/24 OSPF 10 100 D 10.0.124.4 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

tp
10.0.5.0/24 OSPF 10 131070 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF 10 131070 D
t
10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.1.0.0/23 OSPF 10 131070

s
D
:h
10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.2.0.0/23 O_ASE 150 2

r c e D 10.0.124.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

ou
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>
Destinations : 0
es Routes : 0

R
i n g
[R2]ping -c 1 10.2.0.1
PING 10.2.0.1: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

n
ar
Reply from 10.2.0.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=2 ms

L e
--- 10.2.0.1 ping statistics ---

e
or
1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received

M 0.00% packet loss


round-trip min/avg/max = 2/2/2 ms

[R2]ping -c 1 10.2.1.1
PING 10.2.1.1: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.2.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=2 ms

--- 10.2.1.1 ping statistics ---

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 50


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 2/2/2 ms

You can see a summarized route with a 23-bit mask on R2.

Delete Loopback2 of R1 and then check the routing entry change on R2. You can see
e n
that Loopback2 does not exist but the summarized route still exists. /
o m
i.c
[R1]undo interface LoopBack 2

[R2]display ip routing-table protocol ospf


w e
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

u a
.h
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7
i n g
r n
lea
OSPF routing table status : <Active>
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

: //
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost
t t
Flags NextHopp Interface

s :h
10.0.1.0/24
10.0.3.0/24
ospf
OSPF
150 100
10
r c
65535 e D
D
10.0.124.1
10.0.23.3
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
Serial2/0/0

ou
10.0.4.0/24 OSPF 10 100 D 10.0.124.4 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.5.0/24 OSPF
es
10 131070 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF
R10 131070 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0

ing
10.1.0.0/23 OSPF 10 131070 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.2.0.0/23 O_ASE 150 2 D 10.0.124.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

a rn
e
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>

eL
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

o r
MOn R5, send a tracert packet to the address 10.2.1.1.
<R5>tracert 10.2.1.1
traceroute to 10.2.1.1(10.2.1.1), max hops: 30 ,packet length: 40,press CTRL_C to break
1 10.0.35.3 62 ms 28 ms 27 ms
2 10.0.23.2 54 ms 58 ms 57 ms
3 * * *
...

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 51


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Although Loopback2 has been deleted, the packet to this destination address is still
forwarded by R2 and R3 until it is discarded by R1.

Step 6 Configure OSPF to import default routes.

Loopback0 of R4 is connected to the Internet. Configure a default route on R4 with


the next hop pointing to Loopback0.

e n
/
[R4]ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 LoopBack 0

o m
Import this default route into an OSPF area, define its type as Type 1, set its c
e i . cost to
10, and configure permanent advertisement of this default route.
a w
hu
[R4]ospf 1
[R4-ospf-1]default-route-advertise always type 1

g .
[R4-ospf-1]quit

ni n
Check default route learning on R2. You can see thateR2
r
a learns a default route using a
l
// of R4.
:
Type 5 LSA, and the next hop is the interface address

t tp
[R2]display ip routing-table protocol ospf

: h
s
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

c e
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

r
u
Public routing table : OSPF
Destinations : 8
s o Routes : 8

R e
OSPF routing table status : <Active>

n g
Destinations : 8

i
Routes : 8

a rn
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

L e
r e 0.0.0.0/0 O_ASE 150 101 D 10.0.124.4 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

o 10.0.1.0/24 ospf 10 100 D 10.0.124.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

M 10.0.3.0/24
10.0.4.0/24
OSPF
OSPF
10
10
65535
100
D
D
10.0.23.3
10.0.124.4
Serial2/0/0
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.5.0/24 OSPF 10 131070 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF 10 131070 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.1.0.0/23 OSPF 10 131070 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.2.0.0/23 O_ASE 150 2 D 10.0.124.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>


Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 52


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Test the connectivity between R5 and the address 10.0.4.4.


[R5]ping -c 1 10.0.4.4
PING 10.0.4.4: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.0.4.4: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=253 time=78 ms

--- 10.0.4.4 ping statistics ---

e n
/
1 packet(s) transmitted

m
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
o
round-trip min/avg/max = 78/78/78 ms

e i.c
aw
hu
Step 7 Change the priorities of internal and external routes.
.
Check the OSPF routing table of R1 and focus on priorities ofgdifferent types of
nin
routes.
ar
[R1]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
/ l e
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
: /
t tp
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF

: h
Destinations : 8

e s
Routes : 8

r c
u
OSPF routing table status : <Active>

o
s
Destinations : 8 Routes : 8

Re
g
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

i n
rn
0.0.0.0/0 O_ASE 150 101 D 10.0.124.4 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

e a
10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 100 D 10.0.124.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

e L
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 65635 D 10.0.124.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

r
10.0.4.0/24 OSPF 10 100 D 10.0.124.4 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

o 10.0.5.0/24 OSPF 10 131170 D 10.0.124.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

M 10.0.23.0/24 OSPF
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF
10
10
65635
131170
D
D
10.0.124.2
10.0.124.2
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.1.0.0/23 OSPF 10 131170 D 10.0.124.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>


Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 53


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

By default, the priorities of OSPF intra-area and inter-area routes are 10. The
priorities of OSPF external routes are 150.

On R1 and R4, change the priorities of OSPF intra-area and inter-area routes to 20
and those of OSPF external routes to 50.
[R1]ospf 1
[R1-ospf-1]preference 20

e n
/
[R1-ospf-1]preference ase 50

m
[R1-ospf-1]quit

o
[R4]ospf 1
[R4-ospf-1]preference 20
e i.c
[R4-ospf-1]preference ase 50
aw
u
.h
[R4-ospf-1]quit

i n g
rn
Check the priorities of OSPF internal and external routes in the OSPF routing table of
R1. The following command output shows that their a
/ l e priorities have been changed
successfully.
: /
t
[R1]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
tp
: h
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

e s
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
r c
Destinations : 8

o u Routes : 8

es
R
OSPF routing table status : <Active>

i n g
Destinations : 8 Routes : 8

a rn
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

L e
0.0.0.0/0 O_ASE 50 101 D 10.0.124.4 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

r e10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 20 100 D 10.0.124.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

o 10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 20 65545 D 10.0.124.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

M 10.0.4.0/24
10.0.5.0/24
OSPF
OSPF
20
20
100
131170
D
D
10.0.124.4
10.0.124.2
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.23.0/24 OSPF 20 65635 D 10.0.124.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF 20 131170 D 10.0.124.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.1.0.0/23 OSPF 20 131170 D 10.0.124.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>


Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 54


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Route priorities take effect only on a router to help select the optimal route among
multiple routes learned using multiple methods. If route priorities on different
routers within the same area are different, these routers can still work normally.

----End

e n
Additional Exercises: Analysis and Verification /
o m
Analyze what is the function of configuring permanent advertisement of default
i . c
e
routes in step 6 and what are the advantages and disadvantages ot this function.
wto avoid
a
hu
Route summarization has advantages and disadvantages. Analyze how
these disadvantages.
g .
ni n
Device Configurations
ar
l e
//
<R1>display current-configuration

:
tp
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
sysname R1
ht
#
s :
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
r c e
u
ip address 10.0.124.1 255.255.255.0

o
#

e s
R
interface LoopBack0

g
ip address 10.0.1.1 255.255.255.0

i n
ospf network-type broadcast

rn
#

e a
interface LoopBack1

L
ip address 10.2.0.1 255.255.255.0

e
#

o r
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.1.1

M asbr-summary 10.2.0.0 255.255.254.0


import-route direct
preference 20
preference ase 50
bandwidth-reference 10000
area 0.0.0.2
network 10.0.1.1 0.0.0.0
network 10.0.124.1 0.0.0.0

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 55


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

#
return

<R2>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
sysname R2
#
interface Serial2/0/0
e n
link-protocol ppp
/
ip address 10.0.23.2 255.255.255.0
o m
i.c
#
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
ip address 10.0.124.2 255.255.255.0
w e
#
u a
interface LoopBack0

g .h
n
ip address 10.0.2.2 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type broadcast
ni
r
lea
#
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.2.2
bandwidth-reference 10000
: //
area 0.0.0.0

t t p
:h
network 10.0.2.2 0.0.0.0

s
network 10.0.23.2 0.0.0.0
area 0.0.0.2

r c e
ou
network 10.0.124.2 0.0.0.0
#
return
es
R
n g
<R3>display current-configuration

i
n
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#

e ar
L
sysname R3
#
e
or
interface Serial2/0/0

M
link-protocol ppp
ip address 10.0.23.3 255.255.255.0
#
interface Serial3/0/0
link-protocol ppp
ip address 10.0.35.3 255.255.255.0
#
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.3.3 255.255.255.0

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 56


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

ospf network-type broadcast


#
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.3.3
bandwidth-reference 10000
area 0.0.0.0
network 10.0.3.3 0.0.0.0
network 10.0.23.3 0.0.0.0
area 0.0.0.1
abr-summary 10.1.0.0 255.255.254.0
e n
network 10.0.35.3 0.0.0.0
/
#
o m
i.c
return

<R4>display current-configuration
w e
[V200R007C00SPC600]
u a
#

g .h
n
sysname R4
#
ni
r
lea
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
ip address 10.0.124.4 255.255.255.0
#
: //
interface LoopBack0

t t p
:h
ip address 10.0.4.4 255.255.255.0

s
ospf network-type broadcast
#

r c e
ou
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.4.4
default-route-advertise always type 1
preference 20
es
preference ase 50
R
n g
bandwidth-reference 10000

i
area 0.0.0.2
n
ar
network 10.0.4.4 0.0.0.0

e
L
network 10.0.124.4 0.0.0.0
#
e
or
ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 LoopBack0

M
#
return

<R5>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
sysname R5
#
interface Serial1/0/0

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 57


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

link-protocol ppp
ip address 10.0.35.5 255.255.255.0
#
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.5.5 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type broadcast
#
interface LoopBack1
ip address 10.1.0.1 255.255.255.0
e n
ospf network-type broadcast
/
#
o m
i.c
interface LoopBack2
ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type broadcast
w e
#
u a
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.5.5

g .h
n
bandwidth-reference 10000
area 0.0.0.1
ni
r
lea
network 10.0.5.5 0.0.0.0
network 10.1.0.1 0.0.0.0
network 10.1.1.1 0.0.0.0
: //
network 10.0.35.5 0.0.0.0

t t p
:h
#

s
return

r c e
s ou
Re
i n g
n
e ar
e L
or
M

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 58


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Lab 1-3 OSPF Neighbor Relationship and LSA

Learning Objectives

The objectives of this lab are to learn and understand:

e n
 Procedure for establishing OSPF neighbor relationships on an Ethernet
/
 How to affect DR election
o m
 What are the content and functions of five types of LSAs
e i.c

aw (LSU),
Transmission of OSPF Link State Request (LSR), Link State Update
and Link State Acknowledgement (LSAck) packets
. hu
i n g
Topology
r n
l e a
: //
t tp
: h
e s
r c
o u
e s
R
i n g
a rn
L e
r e
o
M Figure 1-3 OSPF neighbor relationship and LSA

Scenario

You are a network administrator of a company. There are five AR G3 routers in the
network. R1, R2, R3, and R4 are deployed in the headquarters and connected

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 59


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

through an Ethernet. R5 is deployed in the branch and is connected to R3 in the


headquarters through a leased line. Because of the large network scale, to control
the flooding of LSAs, you design multiple OSPF areas for interconnection.

Loopback0 of R1 belongs to Area 2. Loopback0 of R2, R3, and R4 and the network
segment 10.1.234.0/24 belong to Area 0. The interconnected network segment
between R3 and R5 belongs to Area 1. Loopback0 of R5 belongs to an OSPF external
e n
network.
/
o mas
To specify router IDs for the routers, configure the routers to use fixed addresses
i . c
their router IDs.
e
wnetwork
You need to affect DR election and BDR election on the interconnected a
u DR, R2 as the
between R1, R2, R3, and R4. That is, you need to configure R3 as . hthe
BDR, and R4 as the DR other.
i n g
r n
Tasks l e a
: //
Step 1 Set basic parameters and configure
t tp IP addresses.
h
Configure IP addresses and masks for :all the routers. Set a 24-bit mask for all
e s
r
loopback interfaces to simulate an c independent network segment.

o u
s
<R1>system-view

R e
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R1]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

i n g
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.1.234.1 24

rn
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

a
[R1]interface LoopBack 0

e
L
[R1-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.1.1 24

e
r
[R1-LoopBack0]quit

o
M<R2>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R2]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.1.234.2 24
[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
[R2]interface LoopBack 0
[R2-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.2.2 24
[R2-LoopBack0]quit

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 60


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

<R3>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R3]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.1.234.3 24
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
[R3]interface Serial 3/0/0
[R3-Serial3/0/0]ip address 10.0.35.3 24
[R3-Serial3/0/0]quit
[R3]interface LoopBack 0
e n
[R3-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.3.3 24
/
[R3-LoopBack0]quit
o m
<R4>system-view
e i.c
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.

aw
[R4]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
u
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.1.234.4 24

g .h
n
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
[R4]interface LoopBack 0
ni
r
lea
[R4-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.4.4 24
[R4-LoopBack0]quit

: //
<R5>system-view

t t p
:h
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.

s
[R5]interface Serial 1/0/0

c e
[R5-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.35.5 24

r
ou
[R5-Serial1/0/0]quit
[R5]interface LoopBack 0

es
[R5-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.5.5 24
[R5-LoopBack0]quit
R
i n g
a rn
After the configurations are complete, test direct link connectivity.

L e
[R1]ping -c 1 10.1.234.2

r e
PING 10.1.234.2: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

o Reply from 10.1.234.2: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=13 ms

M --- 10.1.234.2 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 13/13/13 ms

[R1]ping -c 1 10.1.234.4

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

PING 10.1.234.4: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break


Reply from 10.1.234.4: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=6 ms

--- 10.1.234.4 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 6/6/6 ms

e n
[R3]ping -c 1 10.1.234.1
/
PING 10.1.234.1: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
o m
i.c
Reply from 10.1.234.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=13 ms

--- 10.1.234.1 ping statistics ---


w e
1 packet(s) transmitted
u a
1 packet(s) received

g .h
n
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 13/13/13 ms
ni
r
[R3]ping -c 1 10.0.35.5

//lea
:
PING 10.0.35.5: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

p
t
Reply from 10.0.35.5: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=32 ms

t
--- 10.0.35.5 ping statistics ---
s :h
1 packet(s) transmitted

r c e
ou
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss

es
round-trip min/avg/max = 32/32/32 ms

R
i n g
Step 2 Configure multiple OSPF areas.
rn
e a
On R1, configure GigabitEthernet0/0/0 to belong to Area 0 and Looback0 to belong

e L
or network type of loopback interfaces in all the areas to broadcast.
to Area 2. To enable OSPF to advertise real masks of loopback interfaces, change the
OSPF
M[R1]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.1.1
[R1-ospf-1]area 0
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.1.234.1 0.0.0.0
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[R1-ospf-1]area 2
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]network 10.0.1.1 0.0.0.0
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]quit
[R1-ospf-1]quit

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

[R1]interface LoopBack 0
[R1-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast
[R1-LoopBack0]quit

Configure all the interfaces of R2 and R4 to belong to Area 0.


[R2]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.2.2
[R2-ospf-1]area 0

e n
/
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.1.234.2 0.0.0.0

m
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.2.2 0.0.0.0
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
o
[R2-ospf-1]quit
[R2-]interface LoopBack 0
e i.c
[R2-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast
aw
u
.h
[R2-LoopBack0]quit

[R4]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.4.4


i n g
[R4-ospf-1]area 0
r n
lea
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.1.234.4 0.0.0.0

//
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.4.4 0.0.0.0
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
p :
[R4-ospf-1]quit
t t
:h
[R4-]interface LoopBack 0

e s
[R4-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast
[R4-LoopBack0]quit
r c
s ou
e
On R3, configure Loopback0 and GigabitEthernet0/0/0 to belong to Area 0 and
RArea 2.
i n g
Serial3/0/0 to belong to

rn
[R3]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.3.3

a
[R3-ospf-1]area 0

e
L
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.1.234.3 0.0.0.0

e
r
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.3.3 0.0.0.0

o
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit

M[R3-ospf-1]area 1
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]network 10.0.35.3 0.0.0.0
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]quit
[R3-ospf-1]quit
[R3]interface LoopBack 0
[R3-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast
[R3-LoopBack0]quit

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

On R5, configure Serial1/0/0 to belong to Area 1 and configure Looback0 not to


belong to any area.
[R5]osp 1 router-id 10.0.5.5
[R5-ospf-1]area 1
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]network 10.0.35.5 0.0.0.0
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]quit
[R5-ospf-1]quit

e n
After the configurations are complete, check the IP routing table of R1. /
o m
i.c
[R1]display ip routing-table
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
w e
Routing Tables: Public

u a
.h
Destinations : 14 Routes : 14

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop


i n g
Interface

r n
lea
10.0.1.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.1.1 LoopBack0

://
10.0.1.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0

tp
10.0.1.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0
10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1 D
t
10.1.234.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 1

s
D
:h
10.1.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.4.0/24
10.0.35.0/24
OSPF
OSPF
10
10
1

r c
1563 e D
D
10.1.234.4
10.1.234.3
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
GigabitEthernet0/0/0

ou
10.1.234.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.1.234.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.1.234.1/32 Direct 0
es 0 D 127.0.0.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.1.234.255/32
R
Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

ing
127.0.0.0/8 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
127.0.0.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

n
ar
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

Le
255.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

r e
o
The preceding command output shows that R1 has the routes of the entire network
Mexcept the network segment 10.0.5.5/24 that is not advertised into OSPF.
Test network connectivity.
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.2.2
PING 10.0.2.2: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.0.2.2: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=2 ms

--- 10.0.2.2 ping statistics ---

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 64


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 2/2/2 ms

[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.4.4
PING 10.0.4.4: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.0.4.4: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=3 ms

e n
--- 10.0.4.4 ping statistics ---
/
1 packet(s) transmitted
o m
i.c
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 3/3/3 ms
w e
u a
[R3]ping -c 1 10.0.1.1

g .h
n
PING 10.0.1.1: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.0.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=3 ms
ni
r
--- 10.0.1.1 ping statistics ---

//lea
1 packet(s) transmitted

p :
1 packet(s) received

t t
:h
0.00% packet loss

s
round-trip min/avg/max = 3/3/3 ms

r c e
o u on R1 to check basic OSPF information
Run the display ospf brief command
running on the routers. Thees command output shows that R1 has become an ABR
because its Loopback0R
i
GigabitEthernet0/0/0n g belongs to Area 2. The network segment to which
of R1 is connected is a broadcast network, and R1 is the DR of
rn
a
this network segment.
e
e L
[R1]display ospf brief

o r
M
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1
OSPF Protocol Information

RouterID: 10.0.1.1 Border Router: AREA


Multi-VPN-Instance is not enabled
Global DS-TE Mode: Non-Standard IETF Mode
Graceful-restart capability: disabled
Helper support capability : not configured
Applications Supported: MPLS Traffic-Engineering

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 65


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Spf-schedule-interval: max 10000ms, start 500ms, hold 1000ms


Default ASE parameters: Metric: 1 Tag: 1 Type: 2
Route Preference: 10
ASE Route Preference: 150
SPF Computation Count: 22
RFC 1583 Compatible
Retransmission limitation is disabled
Area Count: 2 Nssa Area Count: 0
ExChange/Loading Neighbors: 0
e n
Process total up interface count: 2
/
Process valid up interface count: 1
o m
Area: 0.0.0.0 (MPLS TE not enabled)
e i.c
Authtype: None Area flag: Normal

aw
SPF scheduled Count: 22
u
ExChange/Loading Neighbors: 0

g .h
n
Router ID conflict state: Normal
Area interface up count: 1
ni
r
Interface: 10.1.234.1 (GigabitEthernet0/0/0)

//lea
Cost: 1 State: DR Type: Broadcast
:
MTU: 1500

p
Priority: 1

t t
:h
Designated Router: 10.1.234.1

s
Backup Designated Router: 10.1.234.2

c e
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Poll 120 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1

r
Area: 0.0.0.2
ou
(MPLS TE not enabled)
s
Authtype: None
e
Area flag: Normal
SPF scheduled Count: 20
R
n g
ExChange/Loading Neighbors: 0

i
n
Router ID conflict state: Normal

ar
Area interface up count: 1

e
e L
Interface: 10.0.1.1 (LoopBack0)

or
Cost: 0 State: DR Type: Broadcast MTU: 1500

M
Priority: 1
Designated Router: 10.0.1.1
Backup Designated Router: 0.0.0.0
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Poll 120 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1

Run the display ospf peer brief command on R1 to check information about OSPF
neighbor relationships between the routers. Because R1 is the DR, it has established

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 66


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

OSPF neighbor relationships with all the routers on this network segment. Run the
display ospf peer brief command on R3. The command output shows that R3 and
R4 establish an OSPF neighbor relationship instead of an adjacency.
[R1]display ospf peer brief

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1

n
Peer Statistic Information
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
/ e
Area Id Interface Neighbor id State

o m
i.c
0.0.0.0 GigabitEthernet0/0/0 10.0.2.2 Full
0.0.0.0 GigabitEthernet0/0/0 10.0.3.3 Full
0.0.0.0 GigabitEthernet0/0/0 10.0.4.4 Full
w e
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

u a
[R3]display ospf peer brief
g .h
ni n
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.3.3
r
lea
Peer Statistic Information

//
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

:
Area Id
0.0.0.0
Interface
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
t t p
Neighbor id
10.0.1.1
State
Full

:h
0.0.0.0 GigabitEthernet0/0/0 10.0.2.2 Full
0.0.0.0 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
e s 10.0.4.4 2-Way
0.0.0.1 Serial3/0/0
r c 10.0.5.5 Full

ou
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

e s
R command on R5 to check OSPF LSDB information.
i n g
Run the display ospf lsdb

rn
[R5]display ospf lsdb

e a
L
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.5.5

r e Link State Database

o
M
Area: 0.0.0.1
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router 10.0.5.5 10.0.5.5 1182 48 80000002 1562
Router 10.0.3.3 10.0.3.3 1183 48 80000002 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.3.0 10.0.3.3 1429 28 80000001 0
Sum-Net 10.0.2.0 10.0.3.3 1429 28 80000001 1
Sum-Net 10.0.1.0 10.0.3.3 1429 28 80000001 1
Sum-Net 10.1.234.0 10.0.3.3 1429 28 80000001 1
Sum-Net 10.0.4.0 10.0.3.3 1430 28 80000001 1

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 67


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

The preceding command output shows that Area 1 has only two routers. Therefore,
in the LSDB of R5, there are only two Type 1 LSAs, and the remaining Type 3 LSAs
describe inter-area routes that are advertised from R3 to R5.

Run the display ospf lsdb command on R2 to check OSPF LSDB information.
[R2]display ospf lsdb

e n
/
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.2.2
o m
i.c
Link State Database

Area: 0.0.0.0
w e
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence
u a
Metric
Router
Router
10.0.3.3
10.0.4.4
10.0.3.3
10.0.4.4
4 48
150 48
80000009
80000009
g .h1
1
Router 10.0.2.2 10.0.2.2 149 48
ni n
8000000C 1

r
lea
Router 10.0.1.1 10.0.1.1 149 36 8000000B 1
Network 10.1.234.1 10.0.1.1 149 40 80000007 0
Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.3.3 1790
:
28
// 80000001 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.1.0 10.0.1.1

t t
817
p 28 80000002 0

s :h
r e
The preceding command output shows that R2 still has one Type 2 LSA in addition to
c of R2 is connected to a broadcast network,
u
four Type 1 LSAs. GigabitEthernet0/0/0
and the DR on this network o
e s will generate a Type 2 LSA to describe all neighbors. The

R
AdvRouter field indicates that R1 generates this LSA. That is, the DR of this network
segment generates g
i n this LSA, which meets the requirements.

a rnospf lsdb command on R1 to check OSPF LSDB information.


Run the display

L e
[R1]display ospf lsdb

r e
o OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1

M Link State Database

Area: 0.0.0.0
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router 10.0.3.3 10.0.3.3 447 48 80000009 1
Router 10.0.4.4 10.0.4.4 592 48 80000009 1
Router 10.0.2.2 10.0.2.2 592 48 8000000C 1
Router 10.0.1.1 10.0.1.1 591 36 8000000B 1

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 68


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Network 10.1.234.1 10.0.1.1 591 40 80000007 0


Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.3.3 434 28 80000002 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.1.0 10.0.1.1 1259 28 80000002 0

Area: 0.0.0.2
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router 10.0.1.1 10.0.1.1 1223 36 80000004 0
Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.1.1 433 28 80000002 1563
Sum-Net 10.0.3.0 10.0.1.1 541 28 80000002 1
e n
Sum-Net 10.0.2.0 10.0.1.1 909 28 80000002 1
/
Sum-Net 10.1.234.0 10.0.1.1 1269 28 80000002 1
o m
i.c
Sum-Net 10.0.4.0 10.0.1.1 711 28 80000002 1;

e
w Area 0 and
a
Loopback0 of R1 belongs to Area 2. Therefore, R1 has LSDBs of two areas:
Area 2.
. hu
Run the display ospf lsdb command on R4 to check OSPFin
g
r n LSDB information.
[R4]display ospf lsdb

l e a
: //
tp
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.4.4
Link State Database

ht
s :
Type LinkState ID
r c e
Area: 0.0.0.0
AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router 10.0.3.3
o u
10.0.3.3 745 48 80000009 1
Router 10.0.4.4
e s 10.0.4.4 888 48 80000009 1
Router 10.0.2.2
R 10.0.2.2 889 48 8000000C 1
Router
Network
10.0.1.1

i n g
10.1.234.1
10.0.1.1
10.0.1.1
889
889
36
40
8000000B
80000007
1
0
Sum-Net

a rn
10.0.35.0 10.0.3.3 732 28 80000002 1562
Sum-Net

L e 10.0.1.0 10.0.1.1 1556 28 80000002 0

r einformation will vary depending on OSPF router roles. Analyze differences in


o
LSDB
MLSDBs of R5, R2, R1, and R4.
Step 3 Change OSPF interface priorities of routers to affect DR
election.

Set the priority of G0/0/0 on R3 to 255 to ensure that R3 becomes the DR of the
network segment 10.1.234.0/24. Set the priority of G0/0/0 on R2 to 254 to ensure

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 69


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

that R2 becomes the BDR of the network segment 10.1.234.0/24. Set the priority of
G0/0/0 on R4 to 0 to ensure that R4 does not participate in DR/ BDR election and
becomes the DR other of the network segment 10.1.234.0/24.
[R3]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ospf dr-priority 255
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

e n
/
[R2]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ospf dr-priority 254

o m
i.c
[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

[R4]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0


w e
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ospf dr-priority 0

u a
.h
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

i n g
n
After the configurations are complete, the DR and BDR have been elected and
r
cannot be preempted. Therefore, G0/0/0 of R1, R2, R3,
l e a and R4 must be shut down
and G0/0/0 of R3, R2, R1, and R4 must be enabled
: // in sequence.
[R1]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
t tp
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]shutdown
: h
e s
r c
[R2]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

o u
[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]shutdown

e s
R
[R3]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

i n g
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]shutdown

rn
[R4]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

a
e
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]shutdown

L
r e
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]undo shutdown

o
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

M[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]undo shutdown
[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]undo shutdown
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]undo shutdown

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 70


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

Check DR/BDR election on the network segment 10.1.234.0/24.


[R3]display ospf peer

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.3.3


Neighbors

e n
/
m
Area 0.0.0.0 interface 10.1.234.3(GigabitEthernet0/0/0)'s neighbors
Router ID: 10.0.1.1 Address: 10.1.234.1
o
State: Full Mode:Nbr is Slave Priority: 1
DR: 10.1.234.3 BDR: 10.1.234.2 MTU: 0
e i.c
Dead timer due in 29 sec
aw
u
.h
Retrans timer interval: 3

g
Neighbor is up for 00:02:17
Authentication Sequence: [ 0 ]

ni n
r
lea
Router ID: 10.0.2.2 Address: 10.1.234.2

//
State: Full Mode:Nbr is Slave Priority: 254
DR: 10.1.234.3 BDR: 10.1.234.2 MTU: 0
p :
Dead timer due in 35 sec
t t
:h
Retrans timer interval: 6
Neighbor is up for 00:01:14
e s
Authentication Sequence: [ 0 ]
r c
Router ID: 10.0.4.4
s ou
Address: 10.1.234.4
State: Full
Re
Mode:Nbr is Master Priority: 0

g
DR: 10.1.234.3 BDR: 10.1.234.2 MTU: 0

i n
Dead timer due in 32 sec

n
ar
Retrans timer interval: 3

e
Neighbor is up for 00:01:26

L
Authentication Sequence: [ 0 ]

e
or Neighbors

M
Area 0.0.0.1 interface 10.0.35.3(Serial3/0/0)'s neighbors
Router ID: 10.0.5.5 Address: 10.0.35.5
State: Full Mode:Nbr is Master Priority: 1
DR: None BDR: None MTU: 0
Dead timer due in 27 sec
Retrans timer interval: 4
Neighbor is up for 00:53:37

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 71


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Authentication Sequence: [ 0 ]

After their interfaces are restarted, R3 becomes the DR and R2 becomes the BDR of
the network segment 10.1.234.0/24.

Check the neighbor relationship between R4 and R1.

n
[R4]display ospf peer 10.0.1.1

/ e
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.4.4

o m
i.c
Neighbors

Area 0.0.0.0 interface 10.1.234.4(GigabitEthernet0/0/0)'s neighbors


w e
Router ID: 10.0.1.1 Address: 10.1.234.1

u a
.h
State: 2-Way Mode:Nbr is Slave Priority: 1
DR: 10.1.234.3 BDR: 10.1.234.2 MTU: 0
Dead timer due in 30 sec
i n g
Retrans timer interval: 0
r n
lea
Neighbor is up for 00:00:00
Authentication Sequence: [ 0 ]

: //
t t p
:h
After their neighbor relationship becomes stable, because R1 and R4 are both DR
s
r c e
others, they only establish a neighbor relationship in 2-way state.

Step 4 Summarize direct u routes and import summarized routes into


s o
OSPF areas.
Re
i n
Loopback0 of R5 doesg not belong to any OSPF area. Import the network segment
rn resides into an OSPF area.
where Loopback0
a
L e
[R5]ospf 1

r e
[R5-ospf-1]import-route direct

o
[R5-ospf-1]quit

M
Check the imported external route on R1 and R3.
[R1]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
Destinations : 6 Routes : 6

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 72


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

OSPF routing table status : <Active>


Destinations : 6 Routes : 6

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1 D 10.1.234.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0


10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 1 D 10.1.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.4.0/24 OSPF 10 1 D 10.1.234.4 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
e n
10.0.5.0/24 O_ASE 150 1 D 10.1.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
/
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.1.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
o m
i.c
10.0.35.3/32 O_ASE 150 1 D 10.1.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>


w e
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0
u a
g .h
n
[R3]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
ni
r
lea
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
Destinations : 5 Routes : 5
: //
OSPF routing table status : <Active>

t t p
:h
Destinations : 4 Routes : 4

e s
c
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

r
10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10
s ou
1 D 10.1.234.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.2.0/24 OSPF
10.0.4.0/24 OSPF
Re
10
10
1
1
D
D
10.1.234.2
10.1.234.4
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
GigabitEthernet0/0/0

i n g
10.0.5.0/24 O_ASE 150 1 D 10.0.35.5 Serial3/0/0

n
ar
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>

Le
Destinations : 1 Routes : 1

r e
o
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

M 10.0.35.3/32 O_ASE 150 1 10.0.35.5 Serial3/0/0

You can see two external routes on both R1 and R3: 10.0.5.0/24 and 10.0.35.3/32.
10.0.5.0/24 is the loopback interface address of R5. Why there is still a route to
10.0.35.3/32?

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 73


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Check the IP routing table of R5. PPP encapsulation is used between R3 and R5,
therefore, the Serial3/0/0 address of R3 is displayed in the IP routing table of R5 as a
direct route. After the import-route direct command is run on R5, this direct route is
also advertised. Other routing entries are not displayed in the following command
output.
[R5]display ip routing-table
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
e n
---------------------------------------------------------------------------- /
Routing Tables: Public
o m
i.c
Destinations : 16 Routes : 16

w e
a
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface
10.0.35.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.35.5
u
Serial1/0/0
10.0.35.3/32 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.35.3
.h
Serial1/0/0

g
10.0.35.5/32
10.0.35.255/32
Direct 0
Direct 0
0
0
D
D
127.0.0.1
127.0.0.1
ni n
InLoopBack0

r
InLoopBack0

Test network connectivity.


//lea
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.5.5
p :
t t
PING 10.0.5.5: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

:h
Reply from 10.0.5.5: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=254 time=41 ms

s
--- 10.0.5.5 ping statistics ---
r c e
ou
1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
es
0.00% packet loss
R
i n g
round-trip min/avg/max = 41/41/41 ms

rn
Check OSPFaexternal routes in the LSDB of R1. You can see that the LSDB contains
L e routes: 10.0.5.0/24, 10.0.35.0/24, and 10.0.35.3/32.
three external
r e
o routing table of R1 has only two external routes.
The
M [R1]display ospf lsdb ase
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1
Link State Database

Type : External
Ls id : 10.0.5.0
Adv rtr : 10.0.5.5
Ls age : 834

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 74


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Len : 36
Options : E
seq# : 80000001
chksum : 0xa904
Net mask : 255.255.255.0
TOS 0 Metric: 1
E type : 2
Forwarding Address : 0.0.0.0
Tag : 1
e n
Priority : Low
/
o m
i.c
Type : External
Ls id
Adv rtr
: 10.0.35.0
: 10.0.5.5
w e
Ls age : 1342
u a
Len : 36

g .h
n
Options : E
seq# : 80000001
ni
r
lea
chksum : 0x5e31
Net mask : 255.255.255.0
TOS 0 Metric: 1
: //
E type : 2

t t p
:h
Forwarding Address : 0.0.0.0

s
Tag : 1
Priority : Low

r c e
Type : External
sou
Ls id
Adv rtr
: 10.0.35.3
: 10.0.5.5
Re
Ls age : 1344

i n g
Len : 36
n
Options :
arE

Le
seq# : 80000001

re
chksum : 0x404c

o
Net mask : 255.255.255.255

MTOS 0 Metric: 1
E type : 2
Forwarding Address : 0.0.0.0
Tag : 1
Priority : Medium

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 75


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

After comparison, you will find that the route 10.0.35.0/24 is displayed as an internal
route in the routing table of R1.

Check Type 3 LSAs in the LSDB of R1, and you can see the route 10.0.35.0/24.
[R1]display ospf lsdb summary 10.0.35.0

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1


Area: 0.0.0.0
e n
Link State Database
/
o m
i.c
Type : Sum-Net
Ls id
Adv rtr
: 10.0.35.0
: 10.0.3.3
w e
Ls age : 236
u a
Len : 28

g .h
n
Options : E
seq# : 80000007
ni
r
lea
chksum : 0x14e5

//
Net mask : 255.255.255.0
Tos 0 metric: 1562

p :
Priority : Low
t t
:h
Area: 0.0.0.2
Link State Database

e s
r c
ou
Type : Sum-Net

s
Ls id : 10.0.35.0
Adv rtr
Ls age
: 10.0.1.1
: 1637
Re
Len : 28
i n g
Options : E
n
seq#
ar
: 80000002
chksum

e Le: 0x42bf
Net mask : 255.255.255.0

o r
Tos 0 metric: 1563

M Priority : Low

When the network bits and mask of the routes advertised by Type 3 and Type 5 LSAs
are the same, OSPF prefers and adds the route advertised by a Type 3 LSA into its
routing table.

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 76


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Step 5 Check various types of LSAs.

On R1, check detailed information about Type 1 LSA 10.0.1.0 in Area 0 and Area 2.
[R1]display ospf lsdb router 10.0.1.1

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1


Area: 0.0.0.0
Link State Database

e n
/
Type : Router
o m
i.c
Ls id : 10.0.1.1
Adv rtr
Ls age
: 10.0.1.1
: 591
w e
Len : 36
u a
Options
seq#
: ABR E
: 8000001e
g .h
chksum : 0xbc70
ni n
r
lea
Link count: 1
* Link ID: 10.1.234.3
Data : 10.1.234.1
: //
Link Type: TransNet

t t p
:h
Metric : 1

s
Area: 0.0.0.2
Link State Database

r c e
Type : Router

s ou
Ls id
Adv rtr
: 10.0.1.1
: 10.0.1.1
Re
Ls age : 627

i n g
Len : 36
n
Options
ar
: ABR E

Le
seq# : 80000008

re
chksum : 0x1018

o
Link count: 1

M
* Link ID: 10.0.1.0
Date : 255.255.255.0
Link Type: StubNet
Metric : 0
Priority: Low

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

For a Type 1 LSA, the Ls id field indicates the router ID of the router that generates
this LSA.

R1 generates two Type 1 LSAs and floods one within Area 0. In Area 0, R1 is
connected to a transit network segment. Therefore, the Link Type field displays
TransNet. For TransNet, the Link ID field indicates the interface IP address of the DR
on this network segment, and the Data field indicates the local interface IP address.
e n
R1 floods the second Type 1 LSA within Area 2 and is connected to Area 2 through/
o m
loopback interfaces. For a loopback interface, the Link Type field displays StubNet.
i . c and
The Link ID field indicates the IP network address of this stub network segment,
w e
the Data field indicates the network mask of this stub network segment.
u a
On R2, R3, and R4, check detailed information about Type 2 LSA . h10.1.234.0 in Area 0.

i n g
n
[R2]display ospf lsdb network 10.1.234.3

ar
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.2.2
l e
Area: 0.0.0.0
: //
tp
Link State Database

ht
Type : Network
s :
Ls id
Adv rtr
: 10.1.234.3
: 10.0.3.3
r c e
Ls age : 115
o u
Len : 40
e s
Options : E
R
seq#
n g
: 8000000f

i
rn
chksum : 0x807e

a
Net mask : 255.255.255.0

L e
Priority : Low

e
Attached Router 10.0.3.3

o rAttached Router 10.0.1.1

M
Attached Router 10.0.2.2
Attached Router 10.0.4.4

You can see that this LSA is the same on R2, R3, and R4.

You can also know that this LSA is generated by R3 according to the Adv rtr field.
The Ls id field of a Type 2 LSA indicates the interface IP address of the DR on this

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

network segment, and the Attached Router field indicates the router IDs of all the
routers on this network segment.

On R1 and R3, check detailed information about Type 3 LSA 10.0.35.0/24 in Area 0.
[R3]display ospf lsdb summary 10.0.35.0

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.3.3


Area: 0.0.0.0
e n
Link State Database
/
o m
i.c
Type : Sum-Net
Ls id
Adv rtr
: 10.0.35.0
: 10.0.3.3
w e
Ls age : 591
u a
Len : 28

g .h
n
Options : E
seq# : 8000000a
ni
r
lea
chksum : 0xee8

//
Net mask : 255.255.255.0
Tos 0 metric: 1562

p :
Priority : Low
t t
s :h
r e
The preceding command output shows that this route is advertised by R3 within
c network address of the advertised destination
oumask field indicates the mask of the destination
Area 0. The Ls id field indicates the
network segment, and the sNet
network segment. Re
i n g
[R1]display ospf lsdb summary 10.0.35.0

a rn
L e
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1
Area: 0.0.0.0

r e Link State Database

o
M Type
Ls id
: Sum-Net
: 10.0.35.0
Adv rtr : 10.0.3.3
Ls age : 136
Len : 28
Options : E
seq# : 80000004
chksum : 0x1ae2

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Net mask : 255.255.255.0


Tos 0 metric: 1562
Priority : Low
Area: 0.0.0.2
Link State Database

Type : Sum-Net
Ls id : 10.0.35.0
Adv rtr : 10.0.1.1
e n
Ls age : 382
/
Len : 28
o m
i.c
Options : E
seq#
chksum
: 80000002
: 0x42bf
w e
Net mask : 255.255.255.0
u a
Tos 0 metric: 1563

g .h
n
Priority : Low

ni
r
a rtr field indicates that this
e
R1 has a total of two Type 3 LSAs 10.0.35.0/24. The Adv
l
:
LSA in Area 0 is generated by R3. R1 is an ABR, so// it generates another LSA after
t tp 2.
receiving this LSA and advertises it within Area

: hType 4 LSA 10.0.5.0 in Area 2. A Type 4 LSA


s
On R1, check detailed information about
e
describes how to reach an ASBR. c
ur
s o
[R1]display ospf lsdb asbr 10.0.5.5

Re
g
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1

i n Area: 0.0.0.0

rn
Link State Database

e a
Type

e L : Sum-Asbr

r
Ls id : 10.0.5.5

o
Adv rtr : 10.0.3.3

M Ls age
Len
: 1119
: 28
Options : E
seq# : 80000008
chksum : 0x1df3
Tos 0 metric: 1562
Area: 0.0.0.2
Link State Database

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Type : Sum-Asbr
Ls id : 10.0.5.5
Adv rtr : 10.0.1.1
Ls age : 1118
Len : 28
Options : E
seq# : 80000008
chksum : 0x41d2
e n
Tos 0 metric: 1563
/
o m
The preceding command output shows that R1 receives a Type 4 LSA from iR3. . c The Ls
id field indicates the router ID of an ASBR. This LSA cannot be floodedw
e
across areas.
Therefore, R1 generates another Type 4 LSA and floods it within Area u a 2.
. h
On R2, R4, and R3, this LSA exists in the LSDB for Area 0. These
i n grouters do not belong
to the same area as the ASBR (R5), so they need to know
r nthe location of this ASBR
through a Type 4 LSA.
l e a
: //
tp
[R2]display ospf lsdb asbr

ht
:
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.2.2

s
r c
Link State Database e
Area: 0.0.0.0

o u
Type : Sum-Asbr
e s
Ls id : 10.0.5.5
R
Adv rtr
Ls age
i
: 1676
n g
: 10.0.3.3

Len
rn
: 28

a
Options
seq#
L e : E
: 80000008

r e
chksum : 0x1df3

oTos 0 metric: 1562

M
The preceding command output shows that this Type 4 LSA does not exist in Area 1.
Routes in the same area do not need to know the ASBR location through this LSA.

Step 6 Check LSR, LSU, and LSAck packets.

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Check the transmission of LSU and LSAck packets. Run the debugging ospf packet
update and debugging ospf packet ack commands on R1.
<R1>terminal monitor
Info: Current terminal monitor is on
<R1>terminal debugging
Info: Current terminal debugging is on
<R1>debugging ospf packet update
<R1>debugging ospf packet ack
e n
/
o mat
By default, when the network is running stably, an OSPF router updates its LSDB
i . c
an interval of 30 minutes. To trigger routing information query and update,
w e delete
Loopback0 of R3. a
[R3]undo interface LoopBack 0
. hu
i n g
Info: This operation may take a few seconds. Please wait for a moment...succeeded.
[R3]
r n
l e a
Oct 25 2016 15:32:27+00:00 R3 %%01IFNET/4/LINK_STATE(l)[58]:The line protocol IP on the

//
interface LoopBack0 has entered the DOWN state

:
tp
You can see that R1 receives an LSU packett sent from 10.1.234.3. The destination
: hall OSPF routers), describing a network
s
address of the packet is 224.0.0.5 (namely
e
segment (# Links: 1), followed by c
u r the Link ID and Link Data of this network segment.
<R1>
s o
R e
Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.1+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG:

g
FileID: 0xd0178024 Line: 2271 Level: 0x20

i n
OSPF 1: RECV Packet. Interface: GigabitEthernet0/0/0
<R1>

a rn
e
Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.2+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Source Address: 10.1.234.3

L
Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.3+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Destination Address: 224.0.0.5

e
o r
Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.4+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Ver# 2, Type: 4 (Link-State Update)
Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.5+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Length: 64, Router: 10.0.3.3

MOct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.6+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Area: 0.0.0.0, Chksum: d8ce


Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.7+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: AuType: 00
Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.8+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Key(ascii): * * * * * * * *
Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.9+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: # LSAS: 1
Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.10+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Type 1
Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.11+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LS ID: 10.0.3.3
Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.12+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Adv Rtr: 10.0.3.3
Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.13+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Age: 1

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Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.14+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Options: ExRouting:ON


Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.15+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Length: 36, Seq# 80000020
Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.16+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: CheckSum: 9090
Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.17+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: NtBit: 0 VBit: 0 EBit: 0 BBit: 1
Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.18+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: # Links: 1
Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.19+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LinkID: 10.1.234.3
Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.20+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LinkData: 10.1.234.3
Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.21+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LinkType: 2
Oct 25 2016 15:24:57.790.22+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: TOS# 0 Metric 1
e n
/
o m
i . cthe DR
Then check the LSAck packet sent by R1. The source address is GigabitEthernet0/0/0

e
address of R1 and the destination address is 224.0.0.6. This packet is sent to
w
and BDR. The sequence number of this packet is also 80000020.
a
<R1>
. hu
Oct 25 2016 15:24:58.200.1+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG:

i n g
FileID: 0xd0178025 Line: 4708 Level: 0x20

r n
OSPF 1: SEND Packet. Interface: GigabitEthernet0/0/0

l e a
//
<R1>

:
Oct 25 2016 15:24:58.200.2+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Source Address: 10.1.234.1

t tp
Oct 25 2016 15:24:58.200.3+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Destination Address: 224.0.0.6

h
Oct 25 2016 15:24:58.200.4+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Ver# 2, Type: 5 (Link-State Ack)

:
s
Oct 25 2016 15:24:58.200.5+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Length: 44, Router: 10.0.1.1

e
c
Oct 25 2016 15:24:58.200.6+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Area: 0.0.0.0, Chksum: c5ef

u r
Oct 25 2016 15:24:58.200.7+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: AuType: 00

s o
Oct 25 2016 15:24:58.200.8+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Key(ascii): * * * * * * * *

Re
Oct 25 2016 15:24:58.200.9+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: # LSA Headers: 1
Oct 25 2016 15:24:58.200.10+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Type 1

n g
Oct 25 2016 15:24:58.200.11+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
i
LS ID: 10.0.3.3

rn
Oct 25 2016 15:24:58.200.12+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Adv Rtr: 10.0.3.3

e a
Oct 25 2016 15:24:58.200.13+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Age: 2

e L
Oct 25 2016 15:24:58.200.14+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
Oct 25 2016 15:24:58.200.15+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
Options: ExRouting:ON
Length: 36, Seq# 80000020

o r
Oct 25 2016 15:24:58.200.16+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: CheckSum: 9090

M
Restore Loopback0 of R3.
[R3]interface loopback 0
[R3-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.3.3 24
[R3-LoopBack0]quit

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

R1 also receives an LSU packet from R3. However, this packet advertises a new
network segment. Therefore, # Links displays 2, followed by the network ID and
mask of the new network segment.
<R1>
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.1+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
FileID: 0xd0178024 Line: 2271 Level: 0x20

n
OSPF 1: RECV Packet. Interface: GigabitEthernet0/0/0
<R1>
/ e
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.2+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Source Address: 10.1.234.3

o m
i.c
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.3+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Destination Address: 224.0.0.5
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.4+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Ver# 2, Type: 4 (Link-State Update)
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.5+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Length: 76, Router: 10.0.3.3
w e
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.6+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Area: 0.0.0.0, Chksum: 2c6f

u a
.h
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.7+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: AuType: 00

Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.9+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: # LSAS: 1


i n g
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.8+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Key(ascii): * * * * * * * *

r
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.10+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Type 1
n
lea
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.11+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LS ID: 10.0.3.3

://
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.12+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Adv Rtr: 10.0.3.3

tp
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.13+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Age: 1

t
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.14+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Options: ExRouting:ON

:h
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.15+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Length: 48, Seq# 8000002a

e s
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.16+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: CheckSum: 2cca

r c
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.17+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: NtBit: 0 VBit: 0 EBit: 0 BBit: 1

ou
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.18+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: # Links: 2

es
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.19+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LinkID: 10.1.234.3

R
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.20+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LinkData: 10.1.234.3

ing
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.21+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LinkType: 2
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.22+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: TOS# 0 Metric 1

n
ar
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.23+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LinkID: 10.0.3.3

L e
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.24+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.25+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
LinkData: 255.255.255.255
LinkType: 3

e
or
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.250.26+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: TOS# 0 Metric 0

MR1 first receives the LSAck packet of the BDR.


<R1>
Oct 25 2016 15:51:27.90.1+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
FileID: 0xd0178024 Line: 2271 Level: 0x20
OSPF 1: RECV Packet. Interface: GigabitEthernet0/0/0
<R1>
Oct 25 2016 15:51:27.90.2+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Source Address: 10.1.234.2

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Oct 25 2016 15:51:27.90.3+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Destination Address: 224.0.0.5


Oct 25 2016 15:51:27.90.4+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Ver# 2, Type: 5 (Link-State Ack)
Oct 25 2016 15:51:27.90.5+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Length: 44, Router: 10.0.2.2
Oct 25 2016 15:51:27.90.6+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Area: 0.0.0.0, Chksum: 289f
Oct 25 2016 15:51:27.90.7+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: AuType: 00
Oct 25 2016 15:51:27.90.8+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Key(ascii): * * * * * * * *
Oct 25 2016 15:51:27.90.9+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: # LSA Headers: 1
Oct 25 2016 15:51:27.90.10+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Type 1
Oct 25 2016 15:51:27.90.11+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LS ID: 10.0.3.3
e n
Oct 25 2016 15:51:27.90.12+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Adv Rtr: 10.0.3.3
/
Oct 25 2016 15:51:27.90.13+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Age: 2
o m
i.c
Oct 25 2016 15:51:27.90.14+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Options: ExRouting:ON
Oct 25 2016 15:51:27.90.15+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
Oct 25 2016 15:51:27.90.16+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: CheckSum: 2cca
w e
Length: 48, Seq# 8000002a

u a
Then check the LSAck packet sent by R1.
g .h
ni n
r
<R1>

lea
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.430.1+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG:

//
FileID: 0xd0178025 Line: 4708 Level: 0x20

p :
OSPF 1: SEND Packet. Interface: GigabitEthernet0/0/0
<R1>
t t
:h
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.430.2+00:00 R1 RM/6RMDEBUG: Source Address: 10.1.234.1

e s
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.430.3+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Destination Address: 224.0.0.6

r c
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.430.4+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Ver# 2, Type: 5 (Link-State Ack)

ou
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.430.5+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Length: 44, Router: 10.0.1.1

s
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.430.6+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Area: 0.0.0.0, Chksum: 29a1

e
R
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.430.7+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: AuType: 00

g
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.430.8+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Key(ascii): * * * * * * * *

i n
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.430.9+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: # LSA Headers: 1

n
ar
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.430.10+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Type 1

e
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.430.11+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LS ID: 10.0.3.3

e L
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.430.12+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Adv Rtr: 10.0.3.3

or
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.430.13+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Age: 1
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.430.14+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Options: ExRouting:ON

M
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.430.15+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
Oct 25 2016 15:51:26.430.16+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
Length: 48, Seq# 8000002a
CheckSum: 2cca

Next, check LSR packets. Normally, routers do not proactively send LSR packets. To
check LSR packet transmission, restart the OSPF process of R1. You can see that R1
initiates an LSR packet to R2.

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

<R1>terminal monitor
Info: Current terminal monitor is on
<R1>terminal debugging
Info: Current terminal debugging is on
<R1>debugging ospf packet update
<R1>debugging ospf packet ack
<R1>debugging ospf packet request

<R1>reset ospf process


e n
Warning: The OSPF process will be reset. Continue? [Y/N]:y
/
<R1>
o m
i.c
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.1+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
FileID: 0xd0178025 Line: 2993 Level: 0x20
OSPF 1: SEND Packet. Interface: GigabitEthernet0/0/0
w e
<R1>
u a
.h
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.2+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Source Address: 10.1.234.1

g
n
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.3+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Destination Address: 10.1.234.2

ni
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.4+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Ver# 2, Type: 3 (Link-State Req)

r
lea
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.5+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Length: 156, Router: 10.0.1.1
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.6+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Area: 0.0.0.0, Chksum: 8b05

: //
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.7+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: AuType: 00

t p
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.8+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Key(ascii): * * * * * * * *

t
:h
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.9+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: # Requesting LSAs: 11

s
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.10+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Type 1

c e
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.11+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG:

r
LS ID: 10.0.2.2

ou
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.12+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Adv Rtr: 10.0.2.2
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.13+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Type 1

es
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.14+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LS ID: 10.0.1.1

R
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.15+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Adv Rtr: 10.0.1.1

n g
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.16+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Type 1

i
n
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.17+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LS ID: 10.0.4.4

e ar
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.18+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Adv Rtr: 10.0.4.4

L
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.19+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Type 1

e
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.20+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LS ID: 10.0.3.3

or
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.21+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Adv Rtr: 10.0.3.3

M
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.22+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Type 2
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.23+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LS ID: 10.1.234.3
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.24+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Adv Rtr: 10.0.3.3
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.25+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Type 3
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.26+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LS ID: 10.0.1.0
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.27+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Adv Rtr: 10.0.1.1
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.28+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Type 3
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.29+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LS ID: 10.0.35.0
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.30+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Adv Rtr: 10.0.3.3

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Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.31+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Type 4


Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.32+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LS ID: 10.0.5.5
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.33+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Adv Rtr: 10.0.3.3
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.34+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Type 5
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.35+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LS ID: 10.0.5.0
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.36+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Adv Rtr: 10.0.5.5
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.37+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Type 5
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.38+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LS ID: 10.0.35.0
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.39+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Adv Rtr: 10.0.5.5
e n
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.40+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Type 5
/
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.41+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LS ID: 10.0.35.3
o m
i.c
Oct 25 2016 16:17:59.750.42+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Adv Rtr: 10.0.5.5

w e
R1 then receives the LSR packet of R3.
u a
<R1>
g .h
Oct 25 2016 16:30:10.80.1+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG:

ni n
r
FileID: 0xd0178024 Line: 2271 Level: 0x20

lea
OSPF 1: RECV Packet. Interface: GigabitEthernet0/0/0

//
<R1>

p :
Oct 25 2016 16:30:10.80.2+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Source Address: 10.1.234.3

t t
Oct 25 2016 16:30:10.80.3+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Destination Address: 10.1.234.1

:h
Oct 25 2016 16:30:10.80.4+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Ver# 2, Type: 3 (Link-State Req)

e s
Oct 25 2016 16:30:10.80.5+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Length: 48, Router: 10.0.3.3

r c
Oct 25 2016 16:30:10.80.6+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Area: 0.0.0.0, Chksum: c4c2

ou
Oct 25 2016 16:30:10.80.7+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: AuType: 00

s
Oct 25 2016 16:30:10.80.8+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Key(ascii): * * * * * * * *

e
R
Oct 25 2016 16:30:10.80.9+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: # Requesting LSAs: 2

g
Oct 25 2016 16:30:10.80.10+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Type 1

i n
Oct 25 2016 16:30:10.80.11+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG:

n
LS ID: 10.0.1.1

ar
Oct 25 2016 16:30:10.80.12+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Adv Rtr: 10.0.1.1

e
Oct 25 2016 16:30:10.80.13+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LSA Type 3

e L
Oct 25 2016 16:30:10.80.14+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: LS ID: 10.0.1.0

or----End
Oct 25 2016 16:30:10.80.15+00:00 R1 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Adv Rtr: 10.0.1.1

M
Additional Exercises: Analysis and Verification

Assume that there is a router R6 in Area 2. What are the differences between the
procedure for calculating the routes to the network segment 10.0.5.0/24 on R6 and
that on R2 and R3?

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When will Type 4 LSAs appear?

If both R1 and R4 are configured as DR others, what are the potential problems?

Device Configurations
<R1>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#

e n
sysname R1
/
#
o m
i.c
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
ip address 10.1.234.1 255.255.255.0
#
w e
interface LoopBack0
u a
ip address 10.0.1.1 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type broadcast
g .h
#
ni n
r
lea
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.1.1
area 0.0.0.0
network 10.1.234.1 0.0.0.0
: //
area 0.0.0.2

t t p
:h
network 10.0.1.1 0.0.0.0

s
#
return

r c e
<R2>display current-configuration

s ou
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
Re
sysname R2

i n g
n
#

ar
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0

e
L
ip address 10.1.234.2 255.255.255.0

e
ospf dr-priority 254

or
#

M
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.2.2 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type broadcast
#
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.2.2
area 0.0.0.0
network 10.1.234.2 0.0.0.0
network 10.0.2.2 0.0.0.0
#

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

return

<R3>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
sysname R3
#
interface Serial3/0/0
link-protocol ppp
e n
ip address 10.0.35.3 255.255.255.0
/
#
o m
i.c
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
ip address 10.1.234.3 255.255.255.0
ospf dr-priority 255
w e
#
u a
interface LoopBack0

g .h
n
ip address 10.0.3.3 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type broadcast
ni
r
lea
#
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.3.3
area 0.0.0.0
: //
network 10.1.234.3 0.0.0.0

t t p
:h
network 10.0.3.3 0.0.0.0

s
area 0.0.0.1
network 10.0.35.3 0.0.0.0

r c e
ou
#
return

es
R
<R4>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]

i n g
#
n
sysname R4

e ar
L
#

e
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0

or
ip address 10.1.234.4 255.255.255.0

M
ospf dr-priority 0
#
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.4.4 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type broadcast
#
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.4.4
area 0.0.0.0
network 10.1.234.4 0.0.0.0

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

network 10.0.4.4 0.0.0.0


#
return

<R5>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
sysname R5
#
e n
interface Serial1/0/0
/
link-protocol ppp
o m
i.c
ip address 10.0.35.5 255.255.255.0
#
interface LoopBack0
w e
ip address 10.0.5.5 255.255.255.0
u a
#

g .h
n
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.5.5
import-route direct
ni
r
lea
area 0.0.0.1
network 10.0.35.5 0.0.0.0
#
: //
return

t t p
s:h
r c e
s ou
Re
i n g
n
e ar
e L
or
M

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Lab 1-4 OSPF Stub Area and NSSA Area

Learning Objectives

The objectives of this lab are to learn and understand:

e n
 How to configure a stub area
/
 How to configure an NSSA area
o m
 How to check Type 7 LSAs
e i.c
 Translation between Type 5 and Type 7 LSAs
aw
u
Topology g .h
ni n
r
//lea
p :
t t
s :h
r c e
s ou
Re
i n g
n
e ar
e L
or
M

Figure 1-4 OSPF stub area and NSSA area

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Scenario

You are a network administrator of a company. The company’s network has five AR
G3 routers. R2, R3, and R4 are deployed in the headquarters. R5 is deployed in one
branch. R5 is connected to R3 in the headquarters through a leased line. R1 is
deployed in the other branch and is connected to R2 in the headquarters through a
leased line.
e n
/
Network segments 10.0.23.0/24, 10.0.2.0/24, and 10.0.3.0/24 belong to Area 0.
o m
The network segment 10.0.35.0/24 belongs to Area 1, which is an NSSA area.
i . c
Loopback0 of R5 does not belong to any OSPF area.
w e
The network segment 10.0.24.0/24 belongs to Area 3. Loopback0 u
a
to the Internet, requiring a default route to be configured. g
. h of R4 is connected

n i n
Network segments 10.0.12.0/24 and 10.0.1.0/24 belong
ar to Area 2, which is a stub
area.
/ l e
: / routers to use fixed addresses as
t
To specify router IDs for the routers, configure
t p the
their router IDs.
: h
e s
Tasks r c
o u
e
Step 1 Set basic parameters s and configure IP addresses.
Rand masks for all the routers. Set a 24-bit mask for all
n
Configure IP addresses
i g
rn to simulate an independent network segment.
loopback interfaces

e a
L
<R1>system-view

e
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.

or
[R1]interface Serial 1/0/0

M
[R1-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.12.1 24
[R1-Serial1/0/0]quit
[R1]interface LoopBack 0
[R1-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.1.1 24
[R1-LoopBack0]quit

<R2>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R2]interface Serial 1/0/0

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

[R2-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.12.2 24


[R2-Serial1/0/0]quit
[R2]interface Serial 2/0/0
[R2-Serial2/0/0]ip address 10.0.23.2 24
[R2-Serial2/0/0]quit
[R2]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.0.24.2 24
[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
[R2]interface LoopBack 0
e n
[R2-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.2.2 24
/
[R2-LoopBack0]quit
o m
<R3>system-view
e i.c
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.

aw
[R3]interface Serial 2/0/0
u
[R3-Serial2/0/0]ip address 10.0.23.3 24

g .h
n
[R3-Serial2/0/0]quit
[R3]interface Serial 3/0/0
ni
r
lea
[R3-Serial3/0/0]ip address 10.0.35.3 24
[R3-Serial3/0/0]quit
[R3]interface LoopBack 0
: //
[R3-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.3.3 24

t t p
:h
[R3-LoopBack0]quit

e s
c
<R4>system-view

r
ou
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R4]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

es
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.0.24.4 24

R
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

n g
[R4]interface LoopBack 0

i
n
[R4-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.4.4 24

ar
[R4-LoopBack0]quit

e
e L
<R5>system-view

or
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.

M
[R5]interface Serial 1/0/0
[R5-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.35.5 24
[R5-Serial1/0/0]quit
[R5]interface LoopBack 0
[R5-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.5.5 24
[R5-LoopBack0]quit

Test direct link connectivity.

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[R2]ping -c 1 10.0.12.1
PING 10.0.12.1: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.0.12.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=30 ms

--- 10.0.12.1 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 30/30/30 ms
e n
/
[R2]ping -c 1 10.0.24.4
o m
i.c
PING 10.0.24.4: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.0.24.4: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=6 ms

w e
--- 10.0.24.4 ping statistics ---
u a
1 packet(s) transmitted

g .h
n
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
ni
r
lea
round-trip min/avg/max = 6/6/6 ms

[R2]ping -c 1 10.0.23.3
: //
PING 10.0.23.3: 56
t p
data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

t
:h
Reply from 10.0.23.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=31 ms

e s
c
--- 10.0.23.3 ping statistics ---

r
ou
1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
es
R
round-trip min/avg/max = 31/31/31 ms

i n g
n
[R3]ping -c 1 10.0.35.5

ar
PING 10.0.35.5: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

e
L
Reply from 10.0.35.5: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=38 ms

e
or
--- 10.0.35.5 ping statistics ---

M 1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 38/38/38 ms

Step 2 Configure multiple OSPF areas.

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

On R1, configure Serial1/0/0 and Loopback0 to belong to Area 2. To enable OSPF to


advertise real masks of loopback interfaces, change the OSPF network type of
loopback interfaces in all the areas to broadcast. Configure all routers to use IP
address of Loopback0 as their router IDs.
[R1]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.1.1
[R1-ospf-1]area 2
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]network 10.0.12.1 0.0.0.0

e n
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]network 10.0.1.1 0.0.0.0
/
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]quit

o m
i.c
[R1-ospf-1]quit
[R1]interface LoopBack 0
[R1-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast
w e
[R1-LoopBack0]quit
u a
g .h
i n
On R2, configure Serial2/0/0 and Loopback0 to belong to Area 0, Serial1/0/0 to
nArea 3.
belong to Area 2, and GigabitEthernet0/0/0 to belong rto
l e a
[R2]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.2.2
: //
tp
[R2-ospf-1]area 0

t
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.23.2 0.0.0.0

h
:
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.2.2 0.0.0.0

s
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[R2-ospf-1]area 2
r c e
o u
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]network 10.0.12.2 0.0.0.0

e s
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]quit
[R2-ospf-1]area 3
R
i n g
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]network 10.0.24.2 0.0.0.0
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]qui

rn
[R2-ospf-1]quit

a
L e
[R2]interface LoopBack 0
[R2-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast

r e
[R2-LoopBack0]quit

oR3, configure Serial2/0/0 and Loopback0 to belong to Area 0 and Serial3/0/0 to


M
On
belong to Area 1.
[R3]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.3.3
[R3-ospf-1]area 0
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.23.3 0.0.0.0
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.3.3 0.0.0.0
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

[R3-ospf-1]area 1
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]network 10.0.35.3 0.0.0.0
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]quit
[R3-ospf-1]quit
[R3]interface LoopBack 0
[R3-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast
[R3-LoopBack0]quit

e n
On R4, configure GigabitEthernet0/0/0 to belong to Area 3 and configure Loopback0
/
not to belong to any area.
o m
[R4]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.4.4
e i.c
w
[R4-ospf-1]area 3
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]network 10.0.24.4 0.0.0.0
u a
.h
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]quit
[R4-ospf-1]quit

i n g
rn Looback0 not to
On R5, configure Serial1/0/0 to belong to Area 1 andaconfigure
/ l e
belong to any area.
: /
[R5]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.5.5
t tp
[R5-ospf-1]area 1
: h
e s
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]network 10.0.35.5 0.0.0.0
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]quit
r c
[R5-ospf-1]quit

o u
es
Rare complete, check the IP routing table of R1.
After the configurations

i n g
rn
[R1]display ip routing-table

a
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

L e
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

e
Routing Tables: Public

o r Destinations : 16 Routes : 16

MDestination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.1.1 LoopBack0


10.0.1.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0
10.0.1.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0
10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.12.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.12.1 Serial1/0/0

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

10.0.12.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial1/0/0


10.0.12.2/32 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.12.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial1/0/0
10.0.23.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.24.0/24 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF 10 4686 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
127.0.0.0/8 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
127.0.0.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
e n
255.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
/
o m
Test network connectivity.
e i.c
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.35.5
aw
u
.h
PING 10.0.35.5: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

g
Reply from 10.0.35.5: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=253 time=114 ms

ni n
r
--- 10.0.35.5 ping statistics ---

lea
1 packet(s) transmitted

//
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
p :
round-trip min/avg/max = 114/114/114 ms
t t
s :h
e
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.3.3

r c
PING 10.0.3.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

ou
Reply from 10.0.3.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=254 time=74 ms

es
R
--- 10.0.3.3 ping statistics ---

g
1 packet(s) transmitted

i n
1 packet(s) received

n
ar
0.00% packet loss

e
round-trip min/avg/max = 74/74/74 ms

e L
or
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.24.4
PING 10.0.24.4: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

M Reply from 10.0.24.4: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=254 time=34 ms

--- 10.0.24.4 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 34/34/34 ms

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Step 3 Import external routes into OSPF.

Import the route to the network segment 10.0.5.0/24 where Loopback0 of R5 resides
into an OSPF area. Use the default configuration to import the route.
[R5]ospf 1
[R5-ospf-1]import-route direct

e n
After the configurations are complete, check the imported route on R1 and test /
network connectivity.
o m
[R1]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
e i.c
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

aw
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
u
Public routing table : OSPF

g .h
n
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

ni
r
lea
OSPF routing table status : <Active>

//
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

p :
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost
t
Flags NextHop
t
Interface

:h
es
10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

c
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

r
ou
10.0.5.0/24 O_ASE 150 1 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

s
10.0.23.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.24.0/24 OSPF
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF
Re10
10
1563
4686
D
D
10.0.12.2
10.0.12.2
Serial1/0/0
Serial1/0/0

i n g
10.0.35.3/32 O_ASE 150 1 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

n
ar
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>

e Le
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

o r
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.5.5

M PING 10.0.5.5: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break


Reply from 10.0.5.5: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=253 time=111 ms

--- 10.0.5.5 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 111/111/111 ms

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Configure a default route on R4 with the next hop pointing to Loopback0. Import
this default route into an OSPF area, define it as a Type 1 route, and set its cost to 20,
without using permanent advertisement.
[R4]ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 LoopBack 0
[R4]ospf 1
[R4-ospf-1]default-route-advertise type 1 cost 20

n
[R4-ospf-1]quit

/ e
o
After the configurations are complete, check information about learning this defaultm
route on R1, and test network connectivity. i . c
w e
a
[R1]display ip routing-table protocol ospf

hu
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
g
Public routing table : OSPF

ni n
r
Destinations : 8 Routes : 8

l e a
//
OSPF routing table status : <Active>
Destinations : 8 Routes : 8
:
t tp
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost

: h Flags NextHop Interface

e s
0.0.0.0/0 O_ASE
r c
150 1583 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.2.0/24 OSPF

o u
10 1562 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF

e s 10 3124 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

R
10.0.5.0/24 O_ASE 150 1 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

g
10.0.23.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

i n
10.0.24.0/24 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

rn
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF 10 4686 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

e a
10.0.35.3/32 O_ASE 150 1 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

e L
r
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>

o Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

M[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.4.4
PING 10.0.4.4: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.0.4.4: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=254 time=39 ms

--- 10.0.4.4 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 99


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

0.00% packet loss


round-trip min/avg/max = 39/39/39 ms

Step 4 Configure Area 2 as a stub area.

Check routing information on R1. The default route is an external route (O_ASE),
which is learned through the Type 5 LSA advertised by R4.

e n
[R1]display ospf lsdb
/
o m
i.c
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1

e
Link State Database

aw
u
Area: 0.0.0.2

.h
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router
Router
10.0.2.2
10.0.1.1
10.0.2.2
10.0.1.1
12 48
11 60
80000003
80000003
i n g
1562
0

r n
lea
Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.2.2 33 28 80000001 3124
Sum-Net 10.0.24.0 10.0.2.2 33 28 80000001 1
Sum-Net 10.0.3.0 10.0.2.2 33 28
: //
80000001 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.2.0 10.0.2.2
t
33 28

t p 80000001 0

:h
Sum-Net 10.0.23.0 10.0.2.2 34 28 80000001 1562

s
Sum-Asbr 10.0.4.4 10.0.2.2 34 28 80000001 1
Sum-Asbr 10.0.5.5 10.0.2.2

r c e 34 28 80000001 3124

s ou
Type LinkState ID
Re
AS External Database
AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric

ing
External 0.0.0.0 10.0.4.4 1049 36 80000002 20

rn
External 10.0.5.0 10.0.5.5 1350 36 80000001 1

a
External 10.0.35.0 10.0.5.5 1350 36 80000001 1
External
L e
10.0.35.3 10.0.5.5 1350 36 80000001 1

r e
o
[R1]display ospf lsdb ase 0.0.0.0

M OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1


Link State Database

Type : External
Ls id : 0.0.0.0
Adv rtr : 10.0.4.4
Ls age : 504
Len : 36

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 100


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Options : E
seq# : 80000002
chksum : 0xa981
Net mask : 0.0.0.0
TOS 0 Metric: 20
E type : 1
Forwarding Address : 0.0.0.0
Tag : 1
Priority : Low
e n
/
o m
i.c
On R1 and R2, configure Area 2 as a stub area.
[R1]ospf 1

w e
[R1-ospf-1]area 2

u a
.h
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]stub

g
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]quit
[R1-ospf-1]quit

ni n
r
lea
[R2]ospf 1

//
[R2-ospf-1]area 2
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]stub
p :
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]quit
t t
:h
[R2-ospf-1]quit

e s
r c on R1, compare the current IP routing table
u routing information learning. You can see that the
After the configurations are complete,
o
s
with the previous one and check
e
R the default route also becomes an internal route.
external route disappears and

i n g
[R1]display ip routing-table protocol ospf

rn
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

a
e
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

L
Public routing table : OSPF

e
o r Destinations : 6 Routes : 6

MOSPF routing table status : <Active>


Destinations : 6 Routes : 6

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

0.0.0.0/0 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0


10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 101


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

10.0.23.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0


10.0.24.0/24 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF 10 4686 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>


Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

Check the LSDB of R1. You can see that the LSA describing the external route also
e n
disappears, and the default route is learned through a Type 3 LSA. /
o m
i.c
[R1]display ospf lsdb

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1


w e
Link State Database
u a
Area: 0.0.0.2
g .h
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len
i
Sequence

n n Metric
Router 10.0.2.2 10.0.2.2 182 48
r
80000003 1562

lea
Router 10.0.1.1 10.0.1.1 182 60 80000004 0

://
Sum-Net 0.0.0.0 10.0.2.2 183 28 80000001 1

tp
Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.2.2 183 28 80000001 3124

t
:h
Sum-Net 10.0.24.0 10.0.2.2 183 28 80000001 1
Sum-Net 10.0.3.0 10.0.2.2 183 28 80000001 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.2.0 10.0.2.2
e s 184 28 80000001 0
Sum-Net 10.0.23.0 10.0.2.2
r c 184 28 80000001 1562

s ou
e
Radvertised by R2. This proves that after an area is configured
Check detailed information about this Type 3 LSA. You can see that the default route
described by this LSA
i n g is

rn3 LSA to flood a default route pointing to itself within this area.
as a stub area, an ABR prevents Type 4 and Type 5 LSAs from being sent to this area
a
e
and uses a Type
L
r e
[R1]display ospf lsdb summary 0.0.0.0

o
M OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1
Area: 0.0.0.2
Link State Database

Type : Sum-Net
Ls id : 0.0.0.0
Adv rtr : 10.0.2.2
Ls age : 114
Len : 28

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 102


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Options : None
seq# : 80000001
chksum : 0x1f31
Net mask : 0.0.0.0
Tos 0 metric: 1
Priority : Low

On R2, configure Area 2 as a totally stub area and specify the no-summary
e n
parameter. /
o m
i.c
[R2]ospf 1

e
[R2-ospf-1]area 2

w
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]stub no-summary
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]quit
u a
.h
[R2-ospf-1]quit

i n g
Check the OSPF routing table of R1. You can see thataonlyrn one default route is
/ l e
learned through OSPF.
: /
t
[R1]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
tp
h
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
:
s
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
e
Public routing table : OSPF
r c
Destinations : 1

o u Routes : 1

es
R
OSPF routing table status : <Active>

g
Destinations : 1 Routes : 1

i n
a rn
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

L e
0.0.0.0/0 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

r e
o
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>

M Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

Check the LSDB of R1. You can see that the LSDB contains only one Type 3 LSA
generated by R2 in addition to the Type 1 LSAs generated by R1 and R2.

This proves that in a totally stub area, an ABR blocks Type 3, Type 4, and Type 5 LSAs
and generates a Type 3 LSA to advertise a default route pointing to itself.

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[R1]display ospf lsdb

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1


Link State Database

Area: 0.0.0.2
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router 10.0.2.2 10.0.2.2 167 48 80000004 1562
Router 10.0.1.1 10.0.1.1 166 60 80000006 0
e n
Sum-Net 0.0.0.0 10.0.2.2 549 28 80000001 1
/
o m
Step 5 Configure Area 1 as an NSSA area.
e i.c
aw
u
Check the OSPF routing table of R3. You can see that the network segment
10.0.5.0/24 advertised by R5 is displayed as an external route. .h
[R3]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
i n g
r n
a
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

l e
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
: //
tp
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

ht
OSPF routing table status : <Active>
s :
Destinations : 6

r c e Routes : 6

Destination/Mask
o u
Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

e s
0.0.0.0/0
R O_ASE 150 1583 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.0.1.0/24

i n g OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0

rn
10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0

a
10.0.5.0/24 O_ASE 150 1 D 10.0.35.5 Serial3/0/0

L e
10.0.12.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0

e
10.0.24.0/24 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0

o r
M
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>
Destinations : 1 Routes : 1

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.35.3/32 O_ASE 150 1 10.0.35.5 Serial3/0/0

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Check the OSPF routing table and LSDB of R5. You can see that R5 learns an external
route from R4 and that the remaining routes are all internal routes. R5 uses a Type 5
LSA to advertise the network segment 10.0.5.0/24.
[R5]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

n
Public routing table : OSPF
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7
/ e
o m
i.c
OSPF routing table status : <Active>
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

w e
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

u a
0.0.0.0/0 O_ASE 150 3145 D 10.0.35.3
g .h
Serial1/0/0
10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 4686 D 10.0.35.3

ni n
Serial1/0/0
10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.35.3
r Serial1/0/0

lea
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.35.3 Serial1/0/0

://
10.0.12.0/24 OSPF 10 4686 D 10.0.35.3 Serial1/0/0

tp
10.0.23.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.35.3 Serial1/0/0
10.0.24.0/24 OSPF 10 3125 D
t 10.0.35.3 Serial1/0/0

s :h
e
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>
Destinations : 0
r c
Routes : 0

[R5]display ospf lsdb


s ou
Re
i n g
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.5.5
Link State Database

n
e ar Area: 0.0.0.1
Type

e L LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric

or
Router 10.0.5.5 10.0.5.5 882 48 80000004 1562
Router 10.0.3.3 10.0.3.3 1309 48 80000003 1562

M
Sum-Net
Sum-Net
10.0.24.0
10.0.12.0
10.0.3.3
10.0.3.3
65 28
819 28
80000003
80000001
1563
3124
Sum-Net 10.0.3.0 10.0.3.3 65 28 80000003 0
Sum-Net 10.0.2.0 10.0.3.3 65 28 80000003 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.1.0 10.0.3.3 812 28 80000001 3124
Sum-Net 10.0.23.0 10.0.3.3 65 28 80000003 1562
Sum-Asbr 10.0.4.4 10.0.3.3 602 28 80000002 1563

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

AS External Database
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
External 10.0.5.0 10.0.5.5 882 36 80000002 1
External 10.0.35.0 10.0.5.5 883 36 80000002 1
External 10.0.35.3 10.0.5.5 883 36 80000002 1
External 0.0.0.0 10.0.4.4 586 36 80000003 20

e n
On R3 and R5, configure Area 1 as an NSSA area.
/
[R3]ospf 1
o m
[R3-ospf-1]area 1
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]nssa
e i.c
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]quit
aw
u
.h
[R3-ospf-1]quit

[R5]ospf 1
i n g
[R5-ospf-1]area 1
r n
lea
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]nssa

//
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]quit
[R5-ospf-1]quit
p :
t t
: h again, check the OSPF routing table of
s
After a neighbor relationship is established
e
R3.
r c
o u
s
[R3]display ip routing-table protocol ospf

R e
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

i n g
Public routing table : OSPF

rn
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

e a
L
OSPF routing table status : <Active>

e
r
Destinations : 6 Routes : 6

o
MDestination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

0.0.0.0/0 O_ASE 150 1583 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0


10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.0.5.0/24 O_NSSA 150 1 D 10.0.35.5 Serial3/0/0
10.0.12.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.0.24.0/24 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0

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OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>


Destinations : 1 Routes : 1

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.35.3/32 O_NSSA 150 1 10.0.35.5 Serial3/0/0

The preceding command output shows that the external route advertised by R5 is
e n
displayed as O_NSSA in the OSPF routing table. /
o m
i.c
Check the OSPF routing table of R5 again.
[R5]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
w e
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

u a
.h
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7
i n g
r n
lea
OSPF routing table status : <Active>
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

: //
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost
t t p
Flags NextHop Interface

s :h
0.0.0.0/0
10.0.1.0/24
O_NSSA 150 1
OSPF 10
r c
4686 e D
D
10.0.35.3
10.0.35.3
Serial1/0/0
Serial1/0/0

ou
10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.35.3 Serial1/0/0
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF
es
10 1562 D 10.0.35.3 Serial1/0/0
10.0.12.0/24 OSPF
R 10 4686 D 10.0.35.3 Serial1/0/0

ing
10.0.23.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.35.3 Serial1/0/0
10.0.24.0/24 OSPF 10 3125 D 10.0.35.3 Serial1/0/0

a rn
e
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>

eL
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

o r
MThe default route was previously displayed as an external route (O_ASE) and now
becomes an external route (O_NSSA) of an NSSA area.

Check the LSDB of R5.


[R5]display ospf lsdb

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.5.5


Link State Database

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Area: 0.0.0.1
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router 10.0.5.5 10.0.5.5 811 48 80000007 1562
Router 10.0.3.3 10.0.3.3 811 48 80000007 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.24.0 10.0.3.3 929 28 80000005 1563
Sum-Net 10.0.12.0 10.0.3.3 929 28 80000005 3124
Sum-Net 10.0.3.0 10.0.3.3 929 28 80000005 0
Sum-Net 10.0.2.0 10.0.3.3 929 28 80000005 1562
e n
Sum-Net 10.0.1.0 10.0.3.3 930 28 80000005 3124
/
Sum-Net 10.0.23.0 10.0.3.3 930 28 80000005 1562
o m
i.c
NSSA 10.0.5.0 10.0.5.5 819 36 80000005 1
NSSA
NSSA
10.0.35.0
10.0.35.3
10.0.5.5
10.0.5.5
819
819
36
36
80000006
80000005
1
1
w e
NSSA 0.0.0.0 10.0.3.3 930 36 80000005
u
1 a
g .h
i n
You can see that the Type 5 LSA disappears and the external route is advertised using
n
r
lea
a Type 7 LSA.

Check detailed information about the default route.


: //
[R5]display ospf lsdb nssa 0.0.0.0
t t p
s :h
r c
Area: 0.0.0.1 e
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.5.5

ou
Link State Database

es
Type : NSSA
R
Ls id
Adv rtr
: 0.0.0.0

i n
: 10.0.3.3g
n
ar
Ls age : 1149

Le
Len : 36
Options : None

r e
seq# : 80000005

ochksum : 0x7745

M Net mask : 0.0.0.0


TOS 0 Metric: 1
E type : 2
Forwarding Address : 0.0.0.0
Tag : 1
Priority : Low

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

The previous default route on R5 was advertised by R4, but the current default route
is advertised by R3.

This proves that external Type 4 and Type 5 LSAs are prevented from entering an
NSSA area, and an ABR uses a Type 7 LSA to advertise a default route within this area.
The external route of this area will be advertised by an ASBR as a Type 7 LSA into the
NSSA area.
e n
The fundamental difference between an NSSA area and a stub area is that an NSSA/
o m
area allows importing external routes but a stub area does not.
i . c
Step 6 Observe changes brought by an NSSA area to OSPF.e
a w
Run the display ospf brief command to check the role of R3. Youu
. h can see that the
Border Router field displays three values: AREA AS NSSA.
n g AREA indicates that
i NSSA indicates that
n
r area.
this router is an ABR; AS indicates that this router is an ASBR;
this router has at least one interface located in an NSSA
l e a
: / /
tp
[R3]display ospf brief

ht
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.3.3

s :
OSPF Protocol Information

r c e
RouterID: 10.0.3.3
u
Border Router:

o
AREA AS NSSA

s
Multi-VPN-Instance is not enabled

e
R
Global DS-TE Mode: Non-Standard IETF Mode

g
Graceful-restart capability: disabled

i n
Helper support capability : not configured

rn
Applications Supported: MPLS Traffic-Engineering

a
e
Spf-schedule-interval: max 10000ms, start 500ms, hold 1000ms

L
Default ASE parameters: Metric: 1 Tag: 1 Type: 2

e
o r
Route Preference: 10
ASE Route Preference: 150

M SPF Computation Count: 14


RFC 1583 Compatible
Retransmission limitation is disabled
Area Count: 2 Nssa Area Count: 1
ExChange/Loading Neighbors: 0
Process total up interface count: 3
Process valid up interface count: 2

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Area: 0.0.0.0 (MPLS TE not enabled)


Authtype: None Area flag: Normal
SPF scheduled Count: 14
ExChange/Loading Neighbors: 0
Router ID conflict state: Normal
Area interface up count: 2

Interface: 10.0.3.3 (LoopBack0)


Cost: 0 State: DR Type: Broadcast MTU: 1500
e n
Priority: 1
/
Designated Router: 10.0.3.3
o m
i.c
Backup Designated Router: 0.0.0.0
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Poll 120 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1

w e
Interface: 10.0.23.3 (Serial2/0/0) --> 10.0.23.2
u a
Cost: 1562 State: P-2-P Type: P2P MTU: 1500

g .h
n
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Poll 120 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1

ni
r
lea
Area: 0.0.0.1 (MPLS TE not enabled)
Authtype: None Area flag: NSSA
SPF scheduled Count: 3
: //
ExChange/Loading Neighbors: 0

t t p
:h
NSSA Translator State: Elected

s
Router ID conflict state: Normal
Area interface up count: 1

r c e
ou
NSSA LSA count: 0

es
Interface: 10.0.35.3 (Serial3/0/0) --> 10.0.35.5
Cost: 1562
R
State: P-2-P Type: P2P MTU: 1500

n g
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Poll 120 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1

i
r n
e a
Type 5 LSAs are not allowed in an NSSA area. Therefore, an ASBR uses a Type 7 LSA
L
re
to advertise an external route within an NSSA area. However, this Type 7 LSA can only
beoflooded within an NSSA area. After an ABR of this area receives this LSA, it
Mtranslates it into a Type 5 LSA and then advertises it to other common areas.
On R3, observe the procedure for translating Type 7 LSAs into Type 5 LSAs. The
following example uses the network segment 10.0.5.0/24. For a Type 7 LSA, the Ls id
field indicates the destination network segment, and the Net mask field indicates
the mask of the destination network segment. If the Options field displays NP, this

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 110


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

LSA can be translated by an ABR into a Type 5 LSA. If the Options field indicates that
this LSA cannot be translated into a Type 5 LSA, the Forwarding Address can be set
to 0.0.0.0. If the Options field indicates that this LSA can be translated into a Type 5
LSA, the Forwarding Address cannot be set to 0.0.0.0.

Here, the next hop of the imported external route is not within an OSPF routing
domain, and the Forwarding Address needs to be set as this ASBR’s interface IP
e n
address of the stub network segment within an OSPF routing domain. The address
/
used here is the address of Serial1/0/0 on R5.
o m
[R3]display ospf lsdb nssa 10.0.5.0
e i.c
aw
u
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.3.3

.h
Area: 0.0.0.0
Link State Database

i n g
Area: 0.0.0.1
r n
lea
Link State Database

: //
Type : NSSA

t t p
:h
Ls id : 10.0.5.0

s
Adv rtr : 10.0.5.5
Ls age
Len
: 836
: 36
r c e
Options : NP

s ou
e
seq# : 80000001
chksum : 0xb0c2
R
Net mask : 255.255.255.0

i n g
n
TOS 0 Metric: 1

ar
E type : 2

L e
Forwarding Address : 10.0.35.5

e
Tag : 1

or
Priority : Low

M
Check the Type 5 LSA generated by R3 to describe the network segment 10.0.5.0/24.
[R3]display ospf lsdb ase 10.0.5.0

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.3.3


Link State Database

Type : External

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Ls id : 10.0.5.0
Adv rtr : 10.0.3.3
Ls age : 882
Len : 36
Options : E
seq# : 80000001
chksum : 0x413e
Net mask : 255.255.255.0
TOS 0 Metric: 1
e n
E type : 2
/
Forwarding Address : 10.0.35.5
o m
i.c
Tag : 1
Priority : Low

w e
a
u are copied
The values of the Ls id, Network Mask, and Forwarding Address fields
. h
n
from the previous Type 7 LSA. In this manner, the network segment
i g 10.0.5.0/24 is
advertised into other areas.
r n
l e a
----End
: / /
t tp
h
Additional Exercises: Analysis and Verification
:
e s to?
Which scenarios are NSSA areas applicable
r c
o
Analyze why R3 is defined as anu ASBR.
es
Device Configurations R
i n g
<R1>display current-configuration

rn
[V200R007C00SPC600]

a
#

L e
sysname R1
#
r e
o
interface Serial1/0/0

M link-protocol ppp
ip address 10.0.12.1 255.255.255.0
#
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.1.1 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type broadcast
#
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.1.1

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area 0.0.0.2
network 10.0.12.1 0.0.0.0
network 10.0.1.1 0.0.0.0
stub
#
return

<R2>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
e n
#
/
sysname R2
o m
i.c
#
interface Serial1/0/0
link-protocol ppp
w e
ip address 10.0.12.2 255.255.255.0
u a
#

g .h
n
interface Serial2/0/0
link-protocol ppp
ni
r
lea
ip address 10.0.23.2 255.255.255.0
#
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
: //
ip address 10.0.24.2 255.255.255.0

t t p
:h
#

s
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.2.2 255.255.255.0

r c e
ou
ospf network-type broadcast
#
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.2.2
es
area 0.0.0.0
R
n g
network 10.0.23.2 0.0.0.0

i
n
network 10.0.2.2 0.0.0.0
area 0.0.0.2

e ar
L
network 10.0.12.2 0.0.0.0

e
stub no-summary

or
area 0.0.0.3

M
#
network 10.0.24.2 0.0.0.0

return

<R3>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
sysname R3
#

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interface Serial2/0/0
link-protocol ppp
ip address 10.0.23.3 255.255.255.0
#
interface Serial3/0/0
link-protocol ppp
ip address 10.0.35.3 255.255.255.0
#
interface LoopBack0
e n
ip address 10.0.3.3 255.255.255.0
/
ospf network-type broadcast
o m
i.c
#
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.3.3
area 0.0.0.0
w e
network 10.0.23.3 0.0.0.0
u a
network 10.0.3.3 0.0.0.0

g .h
n
area 0.0.0.1
network 10.0.35.3 0.0.0.0
ni
r
lea
nssa
#
return
: //
t t p
:h
<R4>display current-configuration

s
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#

r c e
ou
sysname R4
#

e
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0s
R
ip address 10.0.24.4 255.255.255.0
#

i n g
interface NULL0
n
#

e ar
L
interface LoopBack0

e
ip address 10.0.4.4 255.255.255.0

or
ospf network-type broadcast

M
#
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.4.4
default-route-advertise cost 20 type 1
area 0.0.0.3
network 10.0.24.4 0.0.0.0
#
ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 LoopBack0
#
return

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<R5>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
sysname R5
#
interface Serial1/0/0
link-protocol ppp
ip address 10.0.35.5 255.255.255.0
e n
#
/
interface LoopBack0
o m
i.c
ip address 10.0.5.5 255.255.255.0
#
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.5.5
w e
import-route direct
u a
area 0.0.0.1

g .h
n
network 10.0.35.5 0.0.0.0
nssa
ni
r
lea
#
return

: //
t t p
s:h
r c e
s ou
Re
i n g
n
e ar
e L
or
M

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Lab 1-5 OSPF Virtual Link and Inter-Area Route Filtering

Learning Objectives

The objectives of this lab are to learn and understand:

e n
 How to configure OSPF virtual links to connect to non-contiguous Area 0

How to configure OSPF virtual links to connect a non-backbone aream


/

. co to
Area 0
e i
How to filter and control routes between areas
aw
. hu
Topology
i n g
r n
l e a
: //
t tp
: h
e s
r c
o u
e s
R
i n g
a rn
L e Figure 1-5 OSPF virtual link and inter-area route filtering
r e
o
M
Scenario

You are a network administrator of a company. This company recently acquired two
small companies, whose routers are R4 and R5 respectively. To combine networks,
you decide to configure OSPF virtual links to implement network interconnection,
instead of planning the networks again. You find that there is non-contiguous Area 0
and that Area 3 is not directly connected to Area 0. Therefore, you establish a virtual

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

link between R1 and R2 to enable Area 3 to be directly connected to Area 0.


Additionally, you establish a virtual link between R3 and R5 to connect
non-contiguous Area 0.

To specify router IDs for the routers, configure the routers to use fixed addresses as
their router IDs.

e n
Tasks
/
o m
i.c
Step 1 Set basic parameters and configure IP addresses.

w e
Configure IP addresses and masks for all the routers. Set a 24-bit mask for all
loopback interfaces to simulate an independent network segment. a

. hu
<R1>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
i n g
[R1]interface Serial 3/0/0
r n
[R1-Serial3/0/0]ip address 10.0.14.1 24
l e a
[R1-Serial3/0/0]quit
: //
tp
[R1]interface Serial 1/0/0
[R1-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.12.1 24

ht
[R1-Serial1/0/0]quit

s :
[R1]interface LoopBack 0

r c e
[R1-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.1.1 24
[R1-LoopBack0]quit
o u
es
<R2>system-view
R
i n g
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R2]interface Serial 1/0/0

rn
[R2-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.12.2 24

a
L e
[R2-Serial1/0/0]quit
[R2]interface Serial 2/0/0

r e
[R2-Serial2/0/0]ip address 10.0.23.2 24

o
[R2-Serial2/0/0]quit

M[R2]interface LoopBack 0
[R2-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.2.2 24
[R2-LoopBack0]quit

<R3>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R3]interface Serial 2/0/0
[R3-Serial2/0/0]ip address 10.0.23.3 24

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[R3-Serial2/0/0]quit
[R3]interface Serial 3/0/0
[R3-Serial3/0/0]ip address 10.0.35.3 24
[R3-Serial3/0/0]quit
[R3]interface LoopBack 0
[R3-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.3.3 24
[R3-LoopBack0]quit

<R4>system-view
e n
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
/
[R4]interface Serial 1/0/0
o m
i.c
[R4-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.14.4 24
[R4-Serial1/0/0]quit
[R4]interface LoopBack 0
w e
[R4-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.4.4 24
u a
[R4-LoopBack0]quit

g .h
<R5>system-view
ni n
r
lea
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R5]interface Serial 1/0/0
[R5-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.35.5 24
: //
[R5-Serial1/0/0]quit

t t p
:h
[R5]interface LoopBack 0

s
[R5-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.5.5 24
[R5-LoopBack0]quit

r c e
sou
e
After the configurations are complete, test direct link connectivity.
R
g
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.14.4

i n
PING 10.0.14.4: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

n
ar
Reply from 10.0.14.4: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=39 ms

L e
--- 10.0.14.4 ping statistics ---

e
or
1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received

M 0.00% packet loss


round-trip min/avg/max = 39/39/39 ms
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.12.2
PING 10.0.12.2: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.0.12.2: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=29 ms

--- 10.0.12.2 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 29/29/29 ms

[R3]ping -c 1 10.0.23.2
PING 10.0.23.2: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.0.23.2: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=45 ms

--- 10.0.23.2 ping statistics ---


e n
1 packet(s) transmitted
/
1 packet(s) received
o m
i.c
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 45/45/45 ms

w e
[R3]ping -c 1 10.0.35.5
u a
PING 10.0.35.5: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

g .h
n
Reply from 10.0.35.5: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=32 ms

ni
r
lea
--- 10.0.35.5 ping statistics ---
1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
: //
0.00% packet loss

t t p
:h
round-trip min/avg/max = 32/32/32 ms

e s
Step 2 Configure multiple rOSPF c areas.
o u
e s and Loopback0 to belong to Area 2 and Serial3/0/0 to
On R1, configure Serial1/0/0
R OSPF to advertise real masks of loopback interfaces,
belong to Area 3. To enable
change the OSPF n
i g
network type of loopback interfaces in all the areas to broadcast.
Configure all rn to use IP address of Loopback0 as their router IDs.
e a routers

L
[R1]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.1.1

e
o r
[R1-ospf-1]area 2
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]network 10.0.12.1 0.0.0.0

M[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]network 10.0.1.1 0.0.0.0


[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]quit
[R1-ospf-1]area 3
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]network 10.0.14.1 0.0.0.0
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]quit
[R1-ospf-1]quit
[R1]interface LoopBack 0
[R1-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast

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[R1-LoopBack0]quit

On R2, configure Serial2/0/0 and Loopback0 to belong to Area 0 and Serial1/0/0 to


belong to Area 2.

[R2]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.2.2


[R2-ospf-1]area 2

e n
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]network 10.0.12.2 0.0.0.0
/
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]quit

o m
i.c
[R2-ospf-1]area 0

e
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.23.2 0.0.0.0

w
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.2.2 0.0.0.0
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
u a
.h
[R2-ospf-1]quit
[R2]interface LoopBack 0
[R2-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast
i n g
[R2-LoopBack0]quit
r n
//lea
p :
On R3, configure Serial2/0/0 and Loopback0 to belong to Area 0 and Serial3/0/0 to
t t
:h
belong to Area 1.
[R3]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.3.3
e s
[R3-ospf-1]area 0
r c
ou
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.23.3 0.0.0.0

s
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.3.3 0.0.0.0

e
R
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[R3-ospf-1]area 1

i n g
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]network 10.0.35.3 0.0.0.0

n
ar
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]quit

e
[R3-ospf-1]quit

L
[R3]interface LoopBack 0

e
or
[R3-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast
[R3-LoopBack0]quit

M
On R4, configure Serial1/0/0 and Loopback0 to belong to Area 3.
[R4]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.4.4
[R4-ospf-1]area 3
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]network 10.0.14.4 0.0.0.0
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]network 10.0.4.4 0.0.0.0
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]quit

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

[R4-ospf-1]quit
[R4]interface LoopBack 0
[R4-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast
[R4-LoopBack0]quit

On R5, configure Serial1/0/0 to belong to Area 1 and Looback0 to belong to Area 0.


[R5]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.5.5

e n
/
[R5-ospf-1]area 0

m
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.5.5 0.0.0.0
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
o
[R5-ospf-1]area 1
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]network 10.0.35.5 0.0.0.0
e i.c
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]quit
aw
u
.h
[R5-ospf-1]quit

g
[R5]interface LoopBack 0
[R5-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast

ni n
r
[R5-LoopBack0]quit

//lea
Step 3 Check the OSPF routing table of each router.
p :
t t
:h
Check the OSPF routing table of R4. Although R4 establishes a neighbor relationship

e s
with R1, it does not learn any OSPF routes.

r c
ou
[R4]display ip routing-table protocol ospf

s
[R4]display ospf peer

Re
g
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.4.4

n i n
Neighbors

ar
Area 0.0.0.3 interface 10.0.14.4(Serial1/0/0)'s neighbors

e
e L
Router ID: 10.0.1.1 Address: 10.0.14.1

or
State: Full Mode:Nbr is Slave Priority: 1
DR: None BDR: None MTU: 0

M Dead timer due in 39 sec


Retrans timer interval: 4
Neighbor is up for 00:21:33
Authentication Sequence: [ 0 ]

Check the LSDB of R4. You can see that there are only Type 1 LSAs. That is, R1 does
not advertise routes of other areas into Area 3.

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[R4]display ospf lsdb

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.4.4


Link State Database

Area: 0.0.0.3
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router 10.0.4.4 10.0.4.4 571 60 80000005 0
Router 10.0.1.1 10.0.1.1 616 48 80000003 1562
e n
/
Check the OSPF routing table of R1. The route to 10.0.5.0/24 disappears. Aftero
m
i . c
analyzing the LSDB of R3, you will know why this route disappears.
w e
[R1]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
a
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
. hu
Public routing table : OSPF
i n g
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Destinations : 5 Routes : 5
r n
l e a
OSPF routing table status : <Active>
: //
tp
Destinations : 5 Routes : 5

ht
Destination/Mask Proto Pre

s :
Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.2.0/24 OSPF
r c
10e 1562 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF
o u 10 3124 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.4.0/24
e s
OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.14.4 Serial3/0/0

R
10.0.23.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

i n g
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF 10 4686 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

a rn
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>

L e
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

Checkethe LSDB of R1. To prevent inter-area loops, OSPF does not allow directly
or routing information between two non-backbone areas. The LSDB shows
advertising
Mthat an ABR does not forward the Type 3 LSAs received from non-backbone areas.
On R1, the LSDB for Area 2 has four inter-area routes, which are learned from R2
(10.0.2.2). R1 does not forward these LSAs into Area 3. Therefore, R4 cannot learn
routes outside its local area.

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An ABR does not forward the routes learned from a non-backbone area to another
non-backbone area. The routes learned by R1 from R4 will not be advertised as Type
3 LSAs into Area 2. Therefore, R2, R3, and R5 cannot learn routes of Area 3.
[R1]display ospf lsdb

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1

n
Link State Database

/ e
Area: 0.0.0.2

o m
i.c
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router 10.0.2.2 10.0.2.2 1251 48 80000023 1562
Router 10.0.1.1 10.0.1.1 1266 60 80000024 0
w e
Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.2.2 1178 28 8000001B 3124

u a
.h
Sum-Net 10.0.3.0 10.0.2.2 1178 28 8000001B 1562
Sum-Net
Sum-Net
10.0.2.0
10.0.23.0
10.0.2.2
10.0.2.2
1228 28
1189 28
80000021

i
8000001B
n g 0
1562

r n
lea
Area: 0.0.0.3

://
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric

tp
Router 10.0.4.4 10.0.4.4 855 60 80000024 0
Router 10.0.1.1 10.0.1.1
t
898 48 80000022 1562

s :h
c e
Check the OSPF routing table of R2. Three routes to network segments 10.0.4.0/24,
r
o u
10.0.5.0/24, and 10.0.14.0/24 respectively disappear from the OSPF routing table of
R2.
e s
R
i n g
[R2]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

rn
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

a
L e
Public routing table : OSPF
Destinations : 3 Routes : 3

r e
o
OSPF routing table status : <Active>

M Destinations : 3 Routes : 3

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.12.1 Serial1/0/0


10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0

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OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>


Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

Check the LSDB of R2. You can see that R1 does not advertise routes of Area 3 to R2.

Therefore, R2 does not have routes to network segments 10.0.4.0/24 and


10.0.14.0/24.

e n
In Area 0, R3 does not advertise the route 10.0.5.0 to R2.
/
o m
i.c
[R2]display ospf lsdb

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.2.2

w e
Link State Database

u a
Area: 0.0.0.0
g .h
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len
i
Sequence

n n Metric
Router 10.0.3.3 10.0.3.3 973 60
r
80000027 0

lea
Router 10.0.2.2 10.0.2.2 972 60 80000028 0

://
Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.3.3 984 28 8000001D 1562

tp
Sum-Net 10.0.12.0 10.0.2.2 1035 28 80000022 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.1.0 10.0.2.2
t
1035 28 80000022 1562

s :h
e
Area: 0.0.0.2
Type LinkState ID
r c
AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric

ou
Router 10.0.2.2 10.0.2.2 1046 48 80000024 1562
Router 10.0.1.1

es
10.0.1.1 1063 60 80000025 0
Sum-Net 10.0.35.0
R
10.0.2.2 973 28 8000001C 3124

ing
Sum-Net 10.0.3.0 10.0.2.2 973 28 8000001C 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.2.0 10.0.2.2 1023 28 80000022 0

n
ar
Sum-Net 10.0.23.0 10.0.2.2 984 28 8000001C 1562

L e
Checkethe OSPF routing table of R3. The routes to network segments 10.0.4.0/24,
or and 10.0.14.0/24 disappear from the OSPF routing table.
10.0.5.0/24,
M[R3]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
Destinations : 3 Routes : 3

OSPF routing table status : <Active>


Destinations : 3 Routes : 3

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0


10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.0.12.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0

OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>


Destinations : 0 Routes : 0
e n
/
o m
. c
Check the LSDB of R3. You can see that in Area 1, R3 receives a Type 3 LSA 10.0.5.0
from R5. According to rules, R3 does not forward the Type 3 LSA received ifrom a
w e
non-backbone area.
u a
R3 does not send this LSA into Area 0 again. This is why R1 and.h R2 do not have the
route 10.0.5.0/24.
i n g
r n
[R3]display ospf lsdb

l e a
:
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.3.3 //
Link State Database
t tp
: h
s
Area: 0.0.0.0

e
Type LinkState ID
r c
AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router 10.0.3.3

o u 10.0.3.3 111 60 80000028 0


Router 10.0.2.2

e s 10.0.2.2 112 60 80000029 0

R
Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.3.3 122 28 8000001E 1562

g
Sum-Net 10.0.12.0 10.0.2.2 175 28 80000023 1562
Sum-Net
i n
10.0.1.0 10.0.2.2 175 28 80000023 1562

a rn
e
Area: 0.0.0.1
Type

e L LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric

r
Router 10.0.5.5 10.0.5.5 117 48 8000001E 1562

o
Router 10.0.3.3 10.0.3.3 117 48 80000020 1562

M Sum-Net
Sum-Net
10.0.12.0
10.0.3.0
10.0.3.3
10.0.3.3
107 28
128 28
8000001D
8000001D
3124
0
Sum-Net 10.0.2.0 10.0.3.3 107 28 8000001D 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.1.0 10.0.3.3 108 28 8000001D 3124
Sum-Net 10.0.5.0 10.0.5.5 128 28 8000001D 0
Sum-Net 10.0.23.0 10.0.3.3 124 28 8000001D 1562

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

The Type 3 LSA 10.0.5.0/24 received from R5 already exists in the LSDB of R3 but
does not appear in the routing table of R3.

Check the OSPF routing table of R5.


[R5]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
e n
Destinations : 5 Routes : 5
/
o m
i.c
OSPF routing table status : <Active>
Destinations : 5 Routes : 5

w e
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop
u
Interfacea
g .h
n
10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 4686 D 10.0.35.3 Serial1/0/0
10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.35.3
niSerial1/0/0

r
lea
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.35.3 Serial1/0/0

//
10.0.12.0/24 OSPF 10 4686 D 10.0.35.3 Serial1/0/0
10.0.23.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D
:
10.0.35.3

p
Serial1/0/0

t t
:h
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>
Destinations : 0
s
Routes : 0

e
r c
ou
[R5]display ospf lsdb

es
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.5.5

R
Link State Database

i n g
n Area: 0.0.0.0
Type
ar
LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router
Le 10.0.5.5 10.0.5.5 820 36 80000002 0

re
Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.5.5 861 28 80000001 1562

o
M
Type LinkState ID
Area: 0.0.0.1
AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router 10.0.5.5 10.0.5.5 1096 48 80000003 1562
Router 10.0.3.3 10.0.3.3 1097 48 80000002 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.12.0 10.0.3.3 1129 28 80000001 3124
Sum-Net 10.0.3.0 10.0.3.3 1129 28 80000001 0
Sum-Net 10.0.2.0 10.0.3.3 1129 28 80000001 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.1.0 10.0.3.3 1129 28 80000001 3124
Sum-Net 10.0.5.0 10.0.5.5 861 28 80000001 0

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 126


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Sum-Net 10.0.23.0 10.0.3.3 1129 28 80000001 1562

R5 does not have routes to network segments 10.0.4.0/24 and 10.0.14.0/24.

R5 has the route to Loopback0 of R3.

R3 has a physical interface connected to Area 0 and can exchange routing


information with other routers in Area 0. In this situation, R3 does not add the routes
e n
learned through Type 3 LSAs from non-backbone areas to its routing table. Although /
R5 has an interface belonging to Area 0, this interface is a loopback interface, o m
whose
i . c
link type is StubNet during OSPF route calculation.
e
w displays
Check the Type 1 LSAs generated by R3. The following command output a
only information about the Type 1 LSAs.
. hu
[R3]display ospf lsdb router 10.0.3.3
i n g
r n
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.3.3
l e a
Area: 0.0.0.0
: //
tp
Link State Database

ht
Type : Router

s :
Ls id
Adv rtr
: 10.0.3.3
: 10.0.3.3
r c e
Ls age : 732
o u
Len : 60
e s
Options : ABR
R
E
seq#
g
: 80000158

i n
rn
chksum : 0xde39

a
Link count: 3

e
* Link ID: 10.0.3.3

L
e
Data : 255.255.255.255

o r
Link Type: StubNet
Metric : 0
M Priority : Medium
* Link ID: 10.0.2.2
Data : 10.0.23.3
Link Type: P-2-P
Metric : 1562
* Link ID: 10.0.23.0
Data : 255.255.255.0
Link Type: StubNet

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Metric : 1562
Priority : Low

The preceding command output shows that the type of the link between R3 and R2
is P-2-P. If the link type of an interface is P-2-P, TransNet, or Virtual, a router
considers that this interface will exchange routing information with other routers.
The router connected to a backbone area through each of the three links does not
e n
add the routes learned through Type 3 LSAs from non-backbone areas to its routing /
table. o m
i . c
[R5]display ospf lsdb router 10.0.5.5

w e
a
hu
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.5.5
Area: 0.0.0.0

g .
n
Link State Database

ni
Type : Router
ar
l e
//
Ls id : 10.0.5.5
Adv rtr : 10.0.5.5
:
Ls age : 583
t tp
Len : 36

: h
Options : ABR E

e s
seq# : 80000040

r c
u
chksum : 0x6d69
Link count: 1
s o
* Link ID: 10.0.5.5
Data R e
: 255.255.255.255

i n g
Link Type: StubNet

rn
Metric : 0

a
Priority : Medium

e
L
e only one Loopback0 belonging to the backbone area. In the LSA describing
o r
R5 has

M
the route to this interface address, the link type is StubNet, indicating that this
interface is not connected to any other router. Then R5 adds the route learned
through a Type 3 LSA sent from a non-backbone area to its routing table.

Step 4 Connect two non-contiguous Areas 0 together.

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Configure a virtual link on R3 and R5 and specify the router ID of the peer ABR in the
vlink-peer command.
[R3]ospf 1
[R3-ospf-1]area 1
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]vlink-peer 10.0.5.5
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]quit
[R3-ospf-1]quit

e n
[R5]ospf /
[R5-ospf-1]area 1
o m
i.c
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]vlink-peer 10.0.3.3
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]quit

w e
a
[R5-ospf-1]quit

u
Check whether the neighbor state of the virtual link is Full. g .h
ni n
[R3]display ospf vlink
r
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.3.3
//lea
Virtual Links
p :
t t
:h
Virtual-link Neighbor-id -> 10.0.5.5, Neighbor-State: Full

s
r
Interface: 10.0.35.3 (Serial3/0/0)
c e
ou
Cost: 1562 State: P-2-P Type: Virtual
Transit Area: 0.0.0.1
es
R
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1
GR State: Normal

i n g
a rn information changes.
Observe routing
L e
e
[R3]display ip routing-table protocol ospf

r
o
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

M----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
Destinations : 4 Routes : 4

OSPF routing table status : <Active>


Destinations : 4 Routes : 4

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0


10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.0.5.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.35.5 Serial3/0/0
10.0.12.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0

OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>


Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

e n
The preceding command output shows that R3 learns the route to 10.0.5.0/24.
/
o m
Test network connectivity. You can see that R3 can communicate with the network
i . c
segment connected to Loopback0 of R5.
w e
[R3]ping -c 1 10.0.5.5
a
PING 10.0.5.5: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

. hu
Reply from 10.0.5.5: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=34 ms

i n g
--- 10.0.5.5 ping statistics ---
r n
1 packet(s) transmitted

l e a
1 packet(s) received

: //
tp
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 34/34/34 ms

ht
s :
Check the LSDB of R3.
r c e
<R3>display ospf lsdb
o u
e s
R
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.3.3

i n g
Link State Database

a rn Area: 0.0.0.0
Type
L e LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric

r e
Router 10.0.5.5 10.0.5.5 1098 48 80000005 0

o
Router 10.0.3.3 10.0.3.3 1096 72 80000008 0

M Router
Sum-Net
10.0.2.2
10.0.35.0
10.0.2.2
10.0.3.3
920 60
830 28
80000006
80000002
0
1562
Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.5.5 565 28 80000002 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.12.0 10.0.2.2 1124 28 80000002 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.1.0 10.0.2.2 1110 28 80000002 1562

Area: 0.0.0.1
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router 10.0.5.5 10.0.5.5 1098 48 80000004 1562

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Router 10.0.3.3 10.0.3.3 1096 48 80000003 1562


Sum-Net 10.0.12.0 10.0.3.3 830 28 80000002 3124
Sum-Net 10.0.3.0 10.0.3.3 831 28 80000002 0
Sum-Net 10.0.2.0 10.0.3.3 831 28 80000002 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.1.0 10.0.3.3 831 28 80000002 3124
Sum-Net 10.0.5.0 10.0.5.5 566 28 80000002 0
Sum-Net 10.0.23.0 10.0.3.3 831 28 80000002 1562

e n
R3 receives two Type 1 LSAs from R5. The first Type 1 LSA is received in Area 0, and
/
the virtual link belongs to Area 0. Therefore, this LSA is learned through the virtual
o m
link. The second Type 1 LSA is learned in Area 1 and already exists before the
i . cvirtual
link is established. The route to 10.0.5.0/24 is calculated through the LSAelearned in
aw
Area 0.
hu
Check detailed information about the Type 1 LSA 10.0.5.5 in g
.
the LSDB of R3.

ni n
[R3]display ospf lsdb router 10.0.5.5

ar
/ l e
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.3.3
: /
tp
Area: 0.0.0.0
Link State Database

ht
s :
Type
Ls id
: Router
: 10.0.5.5
r c e
Adv rtr : 10.0.5.5
o u
Ls age : 621
es
Len : 48
R
Options
seq#
: ABR

i n g
: 80000005
E

chksum
rn
: 0x1291

a
L e
Link count: 2
* Link ID: 10.0.5.0

r e
Data : 255.255.255.0

o Link Type: StubNet

M Metric : 0
Priority : Low
* Link ID: 10.0.3.3
Data : 10.0.35.5
Link Type: Virtual
Metric : 1562
Area: 0.0.0.1
Link State Database

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Type : Router
Ls id : 10.0.5.5
Adv rtr : 10.0.5.5
Ls age : 621
Len : 48
Options : ABR VIRTUAL E
seq# : 80000004
chksum : 0x3530
e n
Link count: 2
/
* Link ID: 10.0.3.3
o m
i.c
Data : 10.0.35.5
Link Type: P-2-P
Metric : 1562
w e
* Link ID: 10.0.35.0
u a
Data : 255.255.255.0

g .h
n
Link Type: StubNet
Metric : 1562
ni
r
lea
Priority : Low

: //
t t p
The preceding command output shows that this LSA describes the network

hnetwork segment between R3 and R5.


10.0.5.0/24. Therefore, R3 has the corresponding route. The Type 1 LSA learned in
:
s
Area 1 describes only the interconnected
e
r c
Check the LSDB of R5.
o u
[R5]display ospf lsdb
e s
R
n g
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.5.5

i
rn
Link State Database

e a
L
Area: 0.0.0.0
Type

r e LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric

o
Router 10.0.5.5 10.0.5.5 577 48 80000005 0

M
Router 10.0.3.3 10.0.3.3 577 72 80000008 0
Router 10.0.2.2 10.0.2.2 401 60 80000006 0
Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.5.5 45 28 80000002 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.3.3 312 28 80000002 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.12.0 10.0.2.2 606 28 80000002 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.1.0 10.0.2.2 593 28 80000002 1562

Area: 0.0.0.1
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Router 10.0.5.5 10.0.5.5 578 48 80000004 1562


Router 10.0.3.3 10.0.3.3 578 48 80000003 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.12.0 10.0.3.3 313 28 80000002 3124
Sum-Net 10.0.3.0 10.0.3.3 313 28 80000002 0
Sum-Net 10.0.2.0 10.0.3.3 313 28 80000002 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.1.0 10.0.3.3 313 28 80000002 3124
Sum-Net 10.0.5.0 10.0.5.5 46 28 80000002 0
Sum-Net 10.0.23.0 10.0.3.3 313 28 80000002 1562

e n
/
You can see that the LSDB of R5 is the same as that of R3. After the virtual link is
o m
established, R3 and R5 both have interfaces that belong to Area 0. Therefore,
i . c their
LSDBs are synchronized.
w e
Step 5 Connect Area 3 to Area 0 through a virtual link.u
a
. h
Configure a virtual link on R1 and R2.
i n g
r n
[R1]ospf 1

l e a
//
[R1-ospf-1]area 2
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]vlink-peer 10.0.2.2
:
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]quit
t tp
[R1-ospf-1]quit

: h
e s
c
[R2]ospf
[R2-ospf-1]area 2
ur
s o
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]vlink-peer 10.0.1.1

[R2-ospf-1]quit
R e
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]quit

i n g
a
Check the OSPFrnrouting table of R4.
L e
r e
[R4]display ip routing-table protocol ospf

o
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

M----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

OSPF routing table status : <Active>


Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.14.1 Serial1/0/0


10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.14.1 Serial1/0/0
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 4686 D 10.0.14.1 Serial1/0/0
10.0.5.0/24 OSPF 10 6248 D 10.0.14.1 Serial1/0/0
10.0.12.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.14.1 Serial1/0/0
10.0.23.0/24 OSPF 10 4686 D 10.0.14.1 Serial1/0/0
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF 10 6248 D 10.0.14.1 Serial1/0/0

e n
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>
/
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0
o m
e i.c
The preceding command output shows that R4 has network-wide routes.
aw
u
.h
Test network connectivity.
[R4]ping -c 1 10.0.5.5
i n g
PING 10.0.5.5: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
r n
lea
Reply from 10.0.5.5: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=252 time=132 ms

--- 10.0.5.5 ping statistics ---


: //
1 packet(s) transmitted
t t p
:h
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss

e s
c
round-trip min/avg/max = 132/132/132 ms
r
s ou
Check the LSDB of R1.
Re
[R1]display ospf lsdb

i n g
n
ar
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.1.1

Le
Link State Database

r e Area: 0.0.0.0

o
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric

MRouter
Router
10.0.5.5
10.0.3.3
10.0.5.5
10.0.3.3
419 48
418 72
80000006
80000009
0
0
Router 10.0.2.2 10.0.2.2 232 72 8000000A 0
Router 10.0.1.1 10.0.1.1 233 36 80000001 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.3.3 151 28 80000003 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.5.5 1687 28 80000002 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.14.0 10.0.1.1 291 28 80000001 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.12.0 10.0.1.1 291 28 80000001 1562

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Sum-Net 10.0.12.0 10.0.2.2 444 28 80000003 1562


Sum-Net 10.0.1.0 10.0.1.1 291 28 80000001 0
Sum-Net 10.0.1.0 10.0.2.2 430 28 80000003 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.4.0 10.0.1.1 291 28 80000001 1562

Area: 0.0.0.2
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router 10.0.2.2 10.0.2.2 235 48 80000005 1562
Router 10.0.1.1 10.0.1.1 234 60 80000009 0
e n
Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.2.2 151 28 80000003 3124
/
Sum-Net 10.0.14.0 10.0.1.1 291 28 80000001 1562
o m
i.c
Sum-Net 10.0.3.0 10.0.2.2 234 28 80000003 1562
Sum-Net
Sum-Net
10.0.2.0
10.0.5.0
10.0.2.2
10.0.2.2
443 28
402 28
80000003
80000002
0
3124
w e
Sum-Net 10.0.4.0 10.0.1.1 292 28 80000001 1562
u a
Sum-Net 10.0.23.0 10.0.2.2 286 28 80000003

g .h
1562

Area: 0.0.0.3
ni n
r
lea
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router 10.0.4.4 10.0.4.4 1193 60 80000005 0
Router 10.0.1.1 10.0.1.1 292 48
: //80000004 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.1.1

t t p
292 28 80000001 4686

:h
Sum-Net 10.0.12.0 10.0.1.1 294 28 80000001 1562

es
Sum-Net 10.0.3.0 10.0.1.1 294 28 80000001 3124

c
Sum-Net 10.0.2.0 10.0.1.1 294 28 80000001 1562

r
ou
Sum-Net 10.0.1.0 10.0.1.1 294 28 80000001 0
Sum-Net 10.0.5.0 10.0.1.1 294 28 80000001 4686
Sum-Net 10.0.23.0
es
10.0.1.1 294 28 80000001 3124

R
i n g
Because a virtual link is created, R1 has LSAs of Area 0. Then Area 0 and Area 3 can

a rn directly. R1 uses a Type 3 LA to advertise routing information about


exchange routes

L eArea 3.
Area 0 into
r ethe LSDB of R4.
o
Check
M[R4]display ospf lsdb

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.4.4


Link State Database

Area: 0.0.0.3
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router 10.0.4.4 10.0.4.4 1303 60 80000005 0

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Router 10.0.1.1 10.0.1.1 404 48 80000004 1562


Sum-Net 10.0.35.0 10.0.1.1 404 28 80000001 4686
Sum-Net 10.0.12.0 10.0.1.1 404 28 80000001 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.3.0 10.0.1.1 404 28 80000001 3124
Sum-Net 10.0.2.0 10.0.1.1 404 28 80000001 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.1.0 10.0.1.1 405 28 80000001 0
Sum-Net 10.0.5.0 10.0.1.1 405 28 80000001 4686
Sum-Net 10.0.23.0 10.0.1.1 405 28 80000001 3124

e n
/
The preceding command output shows that R4 learns the Type 3 LSA advertised by
o m
R1.
i . c
R4 has routes of other areas.
w e
a
Step 6 Configure inter-area route filtering.
. hu
Control advertisement of the route to 10.0.4.0/24 so that R1 i n gcan learn this route but
r n
R2, R3, and R5 cannot.
l e a
Configure an ACL.
: //
t tp
h
[R1]acl number 2000

:
[R1-acl-basic-2000]rule deny source 10.0.4.0 0.0.0.255
s
[R1-acl-basic-2000]rule permit
[R1-acl-basic-2000]permit
r c e
o u
e s on R1 when R1 sends routing updates from Area 3 to
R
Configure Type 3 LSA filtering
other areas.
i n g
[R1]ospf 1

a rn
L e
[R1-ospf-1]area 3
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]filter 2000 export

r e
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]quit

o
[R1-ospf-1]quit

M
Check route filtering on R2.
[R2]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
Destinations : 5 Routes : 5

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OSPF routing table status : <Active>


Destinations : 5 Routes : 5

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.12.1 Serial1/0/0


10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.0.5.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
e n
10.0.14.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.12.1 Serial1/0/0
/
10.0.35.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
o m
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>
e i.c
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

aw
u
R2 cannot learn the route 10.0.4.0/24.
g .h
i n
R1 still has this route. This is because R1 and R4 belong to the same area and R4 uses
n
r
lea
a Type 1 LSA to advertise this route to R1.
[R1]display ip routing-table protocol ospf

: //
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

t t p
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF

s :h
Destinations : 6
e
Routes : 6

r c
ou
OSPF routing table status : <Active>
Destinations : 6
es Routes : 6

R
ing
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

n
ar
10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

Le
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.4.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.14.4 Serial3/0/0

r e10.0.5.0/24 OSPF 10 4686 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

o 10.0.23.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

M 10.0.35.0/24 OSPF 10 4686 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>


Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

----End

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Additional Exercises: Analysis and Verification

Why must Areas 0 in OSPF be contiguous? Can Type 1 and Type 2 LSAs be filtered
according to the current OSPF design?

Device Configurations
<R1>display current-configuration

e n
/
[V200R007C00SPC600]

m
#
sysname R1
o
#
acl number 2000
e i.c
rule 5 deny source 10.0.4.0 0.0.0.255
aw
rule 10 permit
u
#
g .h
interface Serial1/0/0

ni n
r
link-protocol ppp

lea
ip address 10.0.12.1 255.255.255.0

//
#
interface Serial3/0/0
p :
link-protocol ppp
t t
:h
ip address 10.0.14.1 255.255.255.0
#
e s
interface LoopBack0
r c
ou
ip address 10.0.1.1 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type broadcast

es
R
#

g
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.1.1
area 0.0.0.0

n i n
ar
area 0.0.0.2

e
network 10.0.1.1 0.0.0.0

L
network 10.0.12.1 0.0.0.0

e
or
vlink-peer 10.0.2.2
area 0.0.0.3

M filter 2000 export


network 10.0.14.1 0.0.0.0
#
return

<R2>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

sysname R2
#
interface Serial1/0/0
link-protocol ppp
ip address 10.0.12.2 255.255.255.0
#
interface Serial2/0/0
link-protocol ppp
ip address 10.0.23.2 255.255.255.0
e n
#
/
interface LoopBack0
o m
i.c
ip address 10.0.2.2 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type broadcast
#
w e
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.2.2
u a
area 0.0.0.0

g .h
n
network 10.0.23.2 0.0.0.0
network 10.0.2.2 0.0.0.0
ni
r
lea
area 0.0.0.2
network 10.0.12.2 0.0.0.0
vlink-peer 10.0.1.1
: //
#

t t p
:h
return

e s
c
<R3>display current-configuration

r
ou
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
sysname R3
es
#
R
interface Serial2/0/0

i n g
link-protocol ppp
n
ar
ip address 10.0.23.3 255.255.255.0

e
L
#

e
interface Serial3/0/0

or
link-protocol ppp

M
ip address 10.0.35.3 255.255.255.0
#
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.3.3 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type broadcast
#
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.3.3
area 0.0.0.0
network 10.0.3.3 0.0.0.0

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

network 10.0.23.3 0.0.0.0


area 0.0.0.1
network 10.0.35.3 0.0.0.0
vlink-peer 10.0.5.5
#
return

<R4>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
e n
#
/
sysname R4
o m
i.c
#
interface Serial1/0/0
link-protocol ppp
w e
ip address 10.0.14.4 255.255.255.0
u a
#

g .h
n
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.4.4 255.255.255.0
ni
r
lea
ospf network-type broadcast
#
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.4.4
: //
area 0.0.0.3

t t p
:h
network 10.0.14.4 0.0.0.0

s
network 10.0.4.4 0.0.0.0
#

r c e
ou
return

es
<R5>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
R
#

i n g
sysname R5
n
#

e ar
L
interface Serial1/0/0

e
link-protocol ppp

or
ip address 10.0.35.5 255.255.255.0

M
#
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.5.5 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type broadcast
#
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.5.5
area 0.0.0.0
network 10.0.5.5 0.0.0.0
area 0.0.0.1

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

network 10.0.35.5 0.0.0.0


vlink-peer 10.0.3.3
#
return

Lab 1-6 OSPF Troubleshooting

e n
Learning Objectives
/
o m
i.c
The objectives of this lab are to learn and understand:

 How to troubleshoot inconsistent area IDs in a single OSPF area


w e
How to troubleshoot unmatched masks in a single OSPFa

hu area

g .
How to troubleshoot inconsistent Hello intervals in a single OSPF area

n i n

r
How to troubleshoot conflicting router IDs in a single OSPF area
afailures
How to troubleshoot OSPF authentication
l e
//

p :
How to troubleshoot OSPF route summarization failures
t

How to troubleshoot virtual linkt failures


: h
e s
Topology
r c
o u
es
R
i n g
a rn
L e
r e
o
M

Figure 1-6 OSPF troubleshooting

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Scenario

You are a network administrator of a company. The company’s network uses OSPF
as the routing protocol. OSPF has powerful functions but also has complex
configurations. You use various OSPF features including virtual link in network
planning. During network operation, many network communication problems occur.
You use troubleshooting methods to locate and solve these problems, restoring the
e n
network. /
o m
Tasks
e i.c
Step 1 Set basic parameters and configure IP addresses.aw

. humask for all


i
loopback interfaces to simulate an independent network segment.n g
Configure IP addresses and masks for all the routers. Set a 24-bit

r n
<R1>system-view

l e a
//
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.

:
tp
[R1]interface Serial 1/0/0
[R1-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.12.1 24

ht
:
[R1-Serial1/0/0]quit
[R1]interface LoopBack 0
e s
r c
[R1-LoopBack0]ip address 10.1.1.1 24
[R1-LoopBack0]quit
o u
es
<R2>system-view
R
i n g
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R2]interface Serial 1/0/0

rn
[R2-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.12.2 24

a
L e
[R2-Serial1/0/0]quit
[R2]interface Serial 2/0/0

r e
[R2-Serial2/0/0]ip address 10.0.23.2 24

o
[R2-Serial2/0/0]quit

M[R2]interface LoopBack 0
[R2-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.2.2 24
[R2-LoopBack0]quit

To simulate failures, configure an IP address 10.0.75.3/25 for G0/0/0 of R3 and


configure IP addresses for other interfaces according to the topology.

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

<R3>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R3]interface Serial 2/0/0
[R3-Serial2/0/0]ip address 10.0.23.3 24
[R3-Serial2/0/0]quit
[R3]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.0.75.3 25
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
[R3]interface LoopBack 0
e n
[R3-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.3.3 24
/
[R3-LoopBack0]quit
o m
<R4>system-view
e i.c
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.

aw
[R4]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
u
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.0.75.4 24

g .h
n
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
[R4]interface LoopBack 0
ni
r
lea
[R4-LoopBack0]ip address 10.1.4.4 24
[R4-LoopBack0]quit

: //
<R5>system-view

t t p
:h
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.

s
[R5]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

c e
[R5-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.0.75.5 24

r
ou
[R5-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
[R5]interface LoopBack 0

es
[R5-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.5.5 24
[R5-LoopBack0]quit
R
i n g
a rn
After the configurations are complete, test direct link connectivity.

L e
[R3]ping -c 1 10.0.75.4

r e
PING 10.0.75.4: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

o Reply from 10.0.75.4: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=5 ms

M --- 10.0.75.4 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 5/5/5 ms

[R3]ping -c 1 10.0.75.5

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

PING 10.0.75.5: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break


Reply from 10.0.75.5: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=5 ms

--- 10.0.75.5 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 5/5/5 ms

e n
[R3]ping -c 1 10.0.23.2
/
PING 10.0.23.2: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
o m
i.c
Reply from 10.0.23.2: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=41 ms

--- 10.0.23.2 ping statistics ---


w e
1 packet(s) transmitted
u a
1 packet(s) received

g .h
n
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 41/41/41 ms
ni
r
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.12.2

//lea
:
PING 10.0.12.2: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

p
t
Reply from 10.0.12.2: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=37 ms

t
--- 10.0.12.2 ping statistics ---
s:h
1 packet(s) transmitted

r c e
ou
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss

es
round-trip min/avg/max = 37/37/37 ms

R
i n g
Step 2 Configure multiple OSPF areas.
rn
a
ConfigureeSerial1/0/0 and Loopback0 of R1 to belong to Area 2 and configure R1 to

e L
ofo
r
use the address of Loopback0 as its router ID. To enable OSPF to advertise real masks
loopback interfaces, change the OSPF network type of loopback interfaces in all
Mthe areas to broadcast.
[R1]ospf 1 router-id 10.1.1.1
[R1-ospf-1]area 2
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]network 10.0.12.1 0.0.0.0
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]network 10.1.1.1 0.0.0.0
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]quit
[R1-ospf-1]quit

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

[R1]interface LoopBack 0
[R1-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast
[R1-LoopBack0]quit

On R2, configure Serial2/0/0 and Loopback0 to belong to Area 1 and Serial1/0/0 to


belong to Area 2. Do not specify a router ID when enabling OSPF.
[R2]ospf 1

e n
[R2-ospf-1]area 1
/
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]network 10.0.23.2 0.0.0.0

o m
i.c
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]network 10.0.2.2 0.0.0.0

e
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]quit

w
[R2-ospf-1]area 2
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]network 10.0.12.2 0.0.0.0
u a
.h
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]quit
[R2-ospf-1]quit
[R2]interface LoopBack 0
i n g
[R2-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast
r n
lea
[R2-LoopBack0]quit

: //
t t p
On R3, configure Serial2/0/0 and Loopback0 to belong to Area 1 and
GigabitEthernet 0/0/0 to belong to Areah
s : 0.
[R3]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.3.3
r c e
[R3-ospf-1]area 1

o u
s
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]network 10.0.23.3 0.0.0.0

Re
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]network 10.0.3.3 0.0.0.0

i
[R3-ospf-1]area 0
n g
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]quit

rn
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.75.3 0.0.0.0

a
e
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit

L
[R3-ospf-1]quit

e
o r
[R3]interface LoopBack 0
[R3-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast

M[R3-LoopBack0]quit

On R4, configure GigabitEthernet0/0/0 to belong to Area 1 and Loopback0 not to


belong to any area. When configuring an OSPF process, run the ospf 1 router-id
command to specify a router ID 10.0.5.5 for R4.
[R4]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.5.5

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

[R4-ospf-1]area 1
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]network 10.0.75.4 0.0.0.0
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]quit
[R4-ospf-1]quit

On R5, configure GigabitEthernet 0/0/0 and Loopback0 to belong to Area 0.


[R5]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.5.5

e n
/
[R5-ospf-1]area 0

m
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.75.5 0.0.0.0
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.5.5 0.0.0.0
o
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[R5-ospf-1]quit
e i.c
[R5]interface LoopBack 0
aw
u
.h
[R5-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast

g
[R5-LoopBack0]quit

ni n
Step 3 Troubleshoot OSPF failures in areas.ar
/ l e
/ does not establish neighbor
Check the neighbor list of R4. You can see that :R4
relationships with other routers. t tp
: h
[R4]display ospf peer

e s
r c
u
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.5.5

o
e s
R command on R3, R4, and R5 to check OSPF errors.
Run the display ospf error

i n g
[R3]display ospf error

a rn
L e
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.3.3
OSPF error statistics

r e
o
General packet errors:

M 0
0
: IP: received my own packet 11
: Bad version 0
: Bad packet
: Bad checksum
41 : Bad area id 0 : Drop on unnumbered interface
0 : Bad virtual link 0 : Bad authentication type
0 : Bad authentication key 0 : Packet too small
0 : Packet size > ip length 0 : Transmit error
2 : Interface down 0 : Unknown neighbor
0 : Bad net segment 0 : Extern option mismatch

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

0 : Router id confusion 0 : Bad authentication sequence number

HELLO packet errors:


227 : Netmask mismatch 0 : Hello timer mismatch
0 : Dead timer mismatch 0 : Virtual neighbor unknown
0 : NBMA neighbor unknown 0 : Invalid Source Address

[R4]display ospf error

e n
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.5.5
/
OSPF error statistics
o m
General packet errors:
e i.c
0 : IP: received my own packet 0 : Bad packet

aw
0 : Bad version 0 : Bad checksum
u
245 : Bad area id 0
.h
: Drop on unnumbered interface

g
n
0 : Bad virtual link 0 : Bad authentication type
0 : Bad authentication key 0 : Packet too small
ni
r
lea
0 : Packet size > ip length 0 : Transmit error
2 : Interface down 0 : Unknown neighbor
0 : Bad net segment 0
: //
: Extern option mismatch
235 : Router id confusion 0
t p
: Bad authentication sequence number

t
[R5]display ospf error
s :h
r c e
ou
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.5.5
OSPF error statistics

es
General packet errors:
R
0
n g
: IP: received my own packet 260

i
: Bad packet
0
n
: Bad version 0 : Bad checksum
0
ar
: Bad area id 0 : Drop on unnumbered interface

Le
0 : Bad virtual link 0 : Bad authentication type

re
0 : Bad authentication key 0 : Packet too small
0
o : Packet size > ip length 0 : Transmit error

M
0
0
: Interface down
: Bad net segment
0
0
: Unknown neighbor
: Extern option mismatch
286 : Router id confusion 0 : Bad authentication sequence number

HELLO packet errors:


260 : Netmask mismatch 0 : Hello timer mismatch
0 : Dead timer mismatch 0 : Virtual neighbor unknown
0 : NBMA neighbor unknown 0 : Invalid Source Address

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

The preceding command output shows that five types of errors occur on R3, R4, and
R5: Router id confusion (router ID conflict), Netmask mismatch (unmatched subnet
mask), Bad area id (incorrect area ID), Bad packet (error packet), and Bad virtual link
(incorrect virtual link).

Because no virtual link is configured, the incorrect virtual link indicates an incorrect
area ID. If R4 receives an OSPF packet with an area ID 0 on the interface with area ID
e n
1, R4 considers that this packet is sent through a virtual link. No virtual link is
/
configured on R4, this situation indicates that an error occurs.
o m
i . csubnet
A subnet mask error also indicates a type of error packet. You can rectify the
w e
mask error and then check whether error packets still exist.
a
.
First, solve the router ID conflict. Check the router ID of each router hu in sequence to
manually locate the router with the router ID or check system
i n glogs to locate the
r n system logs.
router. Run the display logbuffer command to check current

l e a
[R5]display logbuffer

: //
tp
Logging buffer configuration and contents: enabled
Allowed max buffer size: 1024

ht
Actual buffer size: 512

s :
e
Channel number: 4, Channel name: logbuffer
Dropped messages: 0
r c
Overwritten messages: 0
o u
Current messages: 66
e s
R
i n g
Oct 26 2016 12:34:51+00:00 R5 %%01OSPF/4/CONFLICT_ROUTERID_INTF(l)[12]:OSPF Router id
conflict is detected on interface. (ProcessId=1, RouterId=10.0.5.5, AreaId=0.0.0.0,

rn
InterfaceName=GigabitEthernet0/0/0, IpAddr=10.0.75.5, PacketSrcIp=10.0.75.4)

a
L e
r e
The preceding command output of R5 shows that a router ID conflict is detected on
ointerface with IP address 10.0.75.4. According to the topology, 10.0.75.4 is the
the
Minterface address of R4. Check the router ID of R4, finding that its router ID is the
same as that of R5. Additionally, the area ID configuration of R4 is also incorrect.
[R4]display ospf brief

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.5.5


OSPF Protocol Information

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

RouterID: 10.0.5.5 Border Router:


Multi-VPN-Instance is not enabled
Global DS-TE Mode: Non-Standard IETF Mode
Graceful-restart capability: disabled
Helper support capability : not configured
Applications Supported: MPLS Traffic-Engineering
Spf-schedule-interval: max 10000ms, start 500ms, hold 1000ms
Default ASE parameters: Metric: 1 Tag: 1 Type: 2
Route Preference: 10
e n
ASE Route Preference: 150
/
SPF Computation Count: 2
o m
i.c
RFC 1583 Compatible
Retransmission limitation is disabled
Area Count: 1 Nssa Area Count: 0
w e
ExChange/Loading Neighbors: 0
u a
Process total up interface count: 1

g .h
n
Process valid up interface count: 1

ni
r
lea
Area: 0.0.0.1 (MPLS TE not enabled)
Authtype: None Area flag: Normal
SPF scheduled Count: 2
: //
ExChange/Loading Neighbors: 0

t t p
:h
Router ID conflict state: Normal

s
Area interface up count: 1

r c e
ou
Interface: 10.0.75.4 (GigabitEthernet0/0/0)
Cost: 1 State: DR Type: Broadcast MTU: 1500
Priority: 1
es
R
Designated Router: 10.0.75.4

n g
Backup Designated Router: 0.0.0.0

i
n
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Poll 120 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1

e ar
L
Change the router ID and area ID of R4.
e
or
[R4]ospf 1 router-id 10.1.4.4

M
[R4-ospf-1]area 1
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]undo network 10.0.75.4 0.0.0.0
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]quit
[R4-ospf-1]undo area 1
[R4-ospf-1]area 0
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.75.4 0.0.0.0
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[R4-ospf-1]quit

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

<R4>reset ospf process


Warning: The OSPF process will be reset. Continue? [Y/N]:y

Run the reset ospf counter command to clear OSPF statistics.

The reset command must be used in the user view.


<R4>reset ospf counters
e n
/
o mthe
Wait for a while and then run the display ospf error command to check whether
i . c
problem of router ID conflict and incorrect area ID is solved.
w e
a
hu
<R4>display ospf error

g .
n
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.1.4.4
OSPF error statistics
ni
ar
General packet errors:
l e
0 : IP: received my own packet 13
: //
: Bad packet
0 : Bad version 0

t tp
: Bad checksum
0 : Bad area id 0

: h : Drop on unnumbered interface

s
0 : Bad virtual link 0 : Bad authentication type
0 : Bad authentication key

r c
0
e : Packet too small

u
0 : Packet size > ip length 0 : Transmit error
0 : Interface down
s o 0 : Unknown neighbor
0
0
: Bad net segment

R e
: Router id confusion
0
0
: Extern option mismatch
: Bad authentication sequence number

i n g
rn
HELLO packet errors:
13

e a
: Netmask mismatch 0 : Hello timer mismatch

L
0 : Dead timer mismatch 0 : Virtual neighbor unknown
0

r e
: NBMA neighbor unknown 0 : Invalid Source Address

o
MThe preceding command output shows that after the router ID and area ID of R4 are
changed, the problem of router ID conflict and incorrect area ID is solved, and there
is only the problem of unmatched subnet masks. To locate the router with an
incorrect subnet mask, check debugging information on R4.
<R4>terminal debugging
Info: Current terminal debugging is on.

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<R4>debugging ospf packet hello


Oct 26 2016 14:30:08.350.1+00:00 R4 RM/6/RMDEBUG:
FileID: 0xd0178024 Line: 2271 Level: 0x20
OSPF 1: RECV Packet. Interface: GigabitEthernet0/0/0
<R4>
Oct 26 2016 14:30:08.360.1+00:00 R4 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Source Address: 10.0.75.3
Oct 26 2016 14:30:08.360.2+00:00 R4 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Destination Address: 224.0.0.5
Oct 26 2016 14:30:08.360.3+00:00 R4 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Ver# 2, Type: 1 (Hello)
Oct 26 2016 14:30:08.360.4+00:00 R4 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Length: 44, Router: 10.0.3.3
e n
Oct 26 2016 14:30:08.360.5+00:00 R4 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Area: 0.0.0.0, Chksum: 9a18
/
Oct 26 2016 14:30:08.360.6+00:00 R4 RM/6/RMDEBUG: AuType: 00
o m
i.c
Oct 26 2016 14:30:08.360.7+00:00 R4 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Key(ascii): * * * * * * * *
Oct 26 2016 14:30:08.360.8+00:00 R4 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Net Mask: 255.255.255.128

w
Oct 26 2016 14:30:08.360.9+00:00 R4 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Hello Int: 10, Option: _E_e
u a
Oct 26 2016 14:30:08.360.10+00:00 R4 RM/6/RMDEBUG: Rtr Priority: 1, Dead Int: 40
Oct 26 2016 14:30:08.360.11+00:00 R4 RM/6/RMDEBUG: DR: 10.0.75.3

g .h
n
Oct 26 2016 14:30:08.360.12+00:00 R4 RM/6/RMDEBUG: BDR: 0.0.0.0

ni
Oct 26 2016 14:30:08.360.13+00:00 R4 RM/6/RMDEBUG: # Attached Neighbors: 0

r
/ /lea
The preceding command output shows that the subnet mask in the Hello packet
p :
t t
sent from 10.0.75.3 is 255.255.255.128. According to the topology, the interface
configuration of R3 is incorrect.
: h
e s
c
[R3]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

u r
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]display this
[V200R007C00SPC600]
s o
Re
#
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0

n g
ip address 10.0.75.3 255.255.255.128
i
rn
#
return

e a
e L
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.0.75.3 24
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

o r
MClear OSPF statistics again to check whether OSPF errors still exist.
<R3>reset ospf counters

<R3>display ospf error

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.3.3


OSPF error statistics

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General packet errors:


0 : IP: received my own packet 0 : Bad packet
0 : Bad version 0 : Bad checksum
0 : Bad area id 0 : Drop on unnumbered interface
0 : Bad virtual link 0 : Bad authentication type
0 : Bad authentication key 0 : Packet too small
0 : Packet size > ip length 0 : Transmit error
0 : Interface down 0 : Unknown neighbor
e n
0 : Bad net segment 0 : Extern option mismatch
/
0 : Router id confusion 0 : Bad authentication sequence number
o m
HELLO packet errors:
e i.c
0 : Netmask mismatch 0 : Hello timer mismatch

aw
0 : Dead timer mismatch 0 : Virtual neighbor unknown
u
0 : NBMA neighbor unknown 0 : Invalid Source Address

g .h
i n
n relationships with
r
Check the neighbor list of R3. You can see that its neighbor
a
neighbors are normal.
l e
: //
tp
[R3]display ospf peer brief

ht
:
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.3.3

s
r c e
Peer Statistic Information
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Area Id Interface
o u Neighbor id State
0.0.0.0
e s
GigabitEthernet0/0/0 10.1.4.4 Full
0.0.0.0
R
GigabitEthernet0/0/0 10.0.5.5 Full
0.0.0.1

i n g
Serial2/0/0 10.0.2.2 Full

rn
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

a
e Hello interval of GigabitEthernet0/0/0 on R4 to 5 seconds to observe
Change Lthe
r e neighbor relationships can be established.
o
whether

M[R4]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0


[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ospf timer hello 5
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

After about 30 seconds, you can see that all neighbor information of R4 disappears.
[R4]display ospf peer brief

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OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.1.4.4


Peer Statistic Information
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Area Id Interface Neighbor id State
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Clear OSPF statistics of R4 to check whether OSPF errors exist.

e n
/
<R4>reset ospf counters

m
<R4>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
o
[R4]display ospf error

e i.c
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.1.4.4
aw
u
.h
OSPF error statistics

General packet errors:


i n g
0 : IP: received my own packet 4 : Bad packet
r n
lea
0 : Bad version 0 : Bad checksum

//
0 : Bad area id 0 : Drop on unnumbered interface
0 : Bad virtual link 0
p :
: Bad authentication type
0 : Bad authentication key 0
t t
: Packet too small

:h
0 : Packet size > ip length 0 : Transmit error

es
0 : Interface down 0 : Unknown neighbor
0 : Bad net segment
r c 0 : Extern option mismatch

ou
0 : Router id confusion 0 : Bad authentication sequence number

es
R
HELLO packet errors:

g
0 : Netmask mismatch 4 : Hello timer mismatch
0
i n
: Dead timer mismatch

n
0 : Virtual neighbor unknown

ar
0 : NBMA neighbor unknown 0 : Invalid Source Address

L e
e
The preceding command output shows Hello timer mismatch, indicating that Hello
or
intervals of neighbors are inconsistent.
MCancel the Hello interval configuration and then check the neighbor list again.
[R4]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]undo ospf timer hello
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

[R4]display ospf peer brief

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OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.1.4.4


Peer Statistic Information
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Area Id Interface Neighbor id State
0.0.0.0 GigabitEthernet0/0/0 10.0.3.3 Full
0.0.0.0 GigabitEthernet0/0/0 10.0.5.5 Full
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

e n
The preceding command output shows that neighbor relationships become normal.
/
o m
i.c
Step 4 Troubleshoot OSPF authentication failures.

Configure interface authentication on R1 and R2.


w e
a
Configure simple authentication on R1 and set the key to 123.
. hu
Configure MD5 authentication on R5 and set the key to huawei.
i n g
r n
[R1]interface Serial 1/0/0

l e a
//
[R1-Serial1/0/0]ospf authentication-mode simple plain 123
[R1-Serial1/0/0]quit
:
t tp
[R2]interface Serial 1/0/0

: h
s
[R2-Serial1/0/0]ospf authentication-mode md5 1 plain huawei

e
c
[R2-Serial1/0/0]quit

ur
o
s complete, clear OSPF statistics of R1 and then check
OSPF errors. R e
After the configurations are

i n g
rn
<R1>reset ospf counters

a
<R1>system-view

L e
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.

e
[R1]display ospf error

o r
M
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.1.1.1
OSPF error statistics

General packet errors:


0 : IP: received my own packet 3 : Bad packet
0 : Bad version 0 : Bad checksum
0 : Bad area id 0 : Drop on unnumbered interface
0 : Bad virtual link 3 : Bad authentication type
0 : Bad authentication key 0 : Packet too small

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

0 : Packet size > ip length 0 : Transmit error


0 : Interface down 0 : Unknown neighbor
0 : Bad net segment 0 : Extern option mismatch
0 : Router id confusion 0 : Bad authentication sequence number

Configure MD5 authentication on R1 and then check whether OSPF errors still exist.
[R1]interface Serial 1/0/0

e n
/
[R1-Serial1/0/0]ospf authentication-mode md5 1 plain 123

m
[R1-Serial1/0/0]return
<R1>reset ospf counters
o
<R1>display ospf error

e i.c
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.1.1.1
aw
u
.h
OSPF error statistics

General packet errors:


i n g
0 : IP: received my own packet 9 : Bad packet
r n
lea
0 : Bad version 0 : Bad checksum

//
0 : Bad area id 0 : Drop on unnumbered interface
0 : Bad virtual link 0
p :
: Bad authentication type
9 : Bad authentication key 0
t t
: Packet too small

:h
0 : Packet size > ip length 0 : Transmit error

es
0 : Interface down 0 : Unknown neighbor
0 : Bad net segment
r c 0 : Extern option mismatch

ou
0 : Router id confusion 0 : Bad authentication sequence number

es
The preceding command R output shows that OSPF errors still exist.
i n g
rn
Change the key of R1 to huawei and then check neighbor relationships.

e a
[R1]interface Serial 1/0/0

L
[R1-Serial1/0/0]ospf authentication-mode md5 1 plain huawei

e
o r
[R1-Serial1/0/0]quit
[R1]display ospf peer brief

M OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.1.1.1


Peer Statistic Information
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Area Id Interface Neighbor id State
0.0.0.2 Serial1/0/0 10.0.2.2 Full
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

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The preceding command output shows that R1 and R2 have established a neighbor
relationship.

Step 5 Troubleshoot virtual link failures.

To ensure connectivity between Area 2 and Area 0, create a virtual link between R2
and R3.

e n
/
[R2]ospf 1

m
[R2-ospf-1]area 1

o
i.c
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]vlink-peer 10.0.3.3
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]quit
[R2-ospf-1]quit
w e
u a
.h
[R3]ospf 1

g
[R3-ospf-1]area 1
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]vlink-peer 10.0.2.2

ni n
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]quit
r
lea
[R3-ospf-1]quit

: //
p and whether R1 learns
Check whether the virtual link is establishedtnormally
t
network-wide routes.
: h
e s
[R2]display ospf vlink
r c
o u
s
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.2.2

e
R
Virtual Links

i n g
Virtual-link Neighbor-id -> 10.0.3.3, Neighbor-State: Full

a rn
Interface: 10.0.23.2 (Serial2/0/0)

L e
Cost: 1562 State: P-2-P Type: Virtual

r e
Transit Area: 0.0.0.1

o
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1

MGR State: Normal

[R1]display ip routing-table protocol ospf


Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
Destinations : 5 Routes : 5

OSPF routing table status : <Active>

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Destinations : 5 Routes : 5

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0


10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.5.0/24 OSPF 10 3125 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.23.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.75.0/24 OSPF 10 3125 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
e n
/
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>
o m
i.c
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

e
wthat R1 can
Test connectivity from R1 to R5. The following command output shows a
reach R5.
. hu
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.5.5
i n g
PING 10.0.5.5: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
r n
l e a
Reply from 10.0.5.5: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=253 time=81 ms

: //
tp
--- 10.0.5.5 ping statistics ---
1 packet(s) transmitted
ht
1 packet(s) received

s :
0.00% packet loss

r c e
round-trip min/avg/max = 81/81/81 ms

o u
e smeet test requirements.
R
Delete Loopback0 of R2 to

i n g
[R2]undo interface LoopBack 0

rn
a
e because of an accident. Here, you restart an OSPF process to simulate
R2 is restarted
L
e of R2.
r
the restart
o
M
<R2>reset ospf process
Warning: The OSPF process will be reset. Continue? [Y/N]:y

Users connected to R1 find that they cannot access addresses outside Area 2. An
administrator logs in to R1 and finds that R1 cannot communicate with R5 using the
loopback interface address.
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.5.5

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

PING 10.0.5.5: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break


Request time out

--- 10.0.5.5 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
0 packet(s) received
100.00% packet loss

e n
Check the virtual link between R2 and R3. You can see that the virtual link status is
/
not normal and the router ID of R2 changes.
o m
[R2]display ospf vlink
e i.c
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.23.2
aw
u
.h
Virtual Links

Virtual-link Neighbor-id -> 10.0.3.3, Neighbor-State: Down


i n g
r n
lea
Interface: 10.0.23.2 (Serial2/0/0)
Cost: 1562 State: P-2-P Type: Virtual
: //
Transit Area: 0.0.0.1

t t p
:h
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1
GR State: Normal

e s
r con the router ID of the peer device. The router ID of
A virtual link is established based
o u
e
R2 changes, so the virtual links fails.
Rrouter ID from changing during the operation of a router, you
Generally, to prevent
i n g a

rn
need to specify a router ID for this router when starting an OSPF process.
a
On R2, setethe router ID to 10.0.2.2, add the address of Loopback0, and then restart

e Lprocess.
or
the OSPF

M
[R2]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.2.2
Info: The configuration succeeded. You need to restart the OSPF process to validate the new
router ID.
[R2-ospf-1]interface LoopBack 0
[R2-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.2.2 24
[R2-LoopBack0]quit
<R2>reset ospf process
Warning: The OSPF process will be reset. Continue? [Y/N]:y

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Check the virtual link status again.


[R2]display ospf vlink

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.2.2


Virtual Links

Virtual-link Neighbor-id -> 10.0.3.3, Neighbor-State: Full

e n
Interface: 10.0.23.2 (Serial2/0/0)
/
Cost: 1562 State: P-2-P Type: Virtual

o m
i.c
Transit Area: 0.0.0.1
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1
GR State: Normal
w e
u a
The virtual link has recovered.
g .h
For security, the administrator uses area authentication n i n
ar in Area 0, enable MD5

l e
encryption to encrypt packets, and set the key to huawei.

: //
tp
[R3]ospf 1
[R3-ospf-1]area 0

ht
:
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]authentication-mode md5 1 plain huawei
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
e s
[R3-ospf-1]quit
r c
o u
[R4]ospf 1

e s
[R4-ospf-1]area 0
R
i n g
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]authentication-mode md5 1 plain huawei
[R4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit

rn
[R4-ospf-1]quit

a
L e
[R5]ospf 1

r e
[R5-ospf-1]area 0

o
[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]authentication-mode md5 1 plain huawei

M[R5-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[R5-ospf-1]quit

The administrator finds that users in Area 2 cannot access networks outside Area 2
and then check the virtual link, finding that the virtual link fails again.
[R2]display ospf vlink

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OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.2.2


Virtual Links

Virtual-link Neighbor-id -> 10.0.3.3, Neighbor-State: Down

Interface: 10.0.23.2 (Serial2/0/0)


Cost: 1562 State: P-2-P Type: Virtual
Transit Area: 0.0.0.1
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1
e n
/
o m
Clear OSPF statistics and then check OSPF errors. The following command output
i . c
shows that authentication errors occur.
w e
<R2>reset ospf counters
a
<R2>display ospf error
. hu
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.2.2
i n g
OSPF error statistics
r n
l e a
General packet errors:
: //
tp
0 : IP: received my own packet 7 : Bad packet
0 : Bad version 0
ht : Bad checksum
0 : Bad area id

s
0
: : Drop on unnumbered interface
0
9
: Bad virtual link
: Bad authentication key
r c e 7
0
: Bad authentication type
: Packet too small
0
o u
: Packet size > ip length 0 : Transmit error
0 : Interface down
es 0 : Unknown neighbor
0 : Bad net segment
R 0 : Extern option mismatch
0

i n g
: Router id confusion 0 : Bad authentication sequence number

a rnbelongs to Area 0. Area authentication is enabled in Area 0, so area


e also needs to be enabled on the virtual link.
The virtual link
L
e
authentication
r
o
[R2]ospf 1

M[R2-ospf-1]area 0
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]authentication-mode md5 1 plain huawei
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[R2-ospf-1]quit

The preceding command output shows that the virtual link status becomes normal
and R1 can access other areas normally.

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

[R2]display ospf vlink

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.2.2


Virtual Links

Virtual-link Neighbor-id -> 10.0.3.3, Neighbor-State: Full

Interface: 10.0.23.2 (Serial2/0/0)


Cost: 1562 State: P-2-P Type: Virtual
e n
Transit Area: 0.0.0.1
/
Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1
o m
i.c
GR State: Normal

[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.5.5
w e
PING 10.0.5.5: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
u a
Reply from 10.0.5.5: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=253 time=73 ms

g .h
--- 10.0.5.5 ping statistics ---
ni n
r
lea
1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
: //
round-trip min/avg/max = 73/73/73 ms

t t p
s :h
r c e
Step 6 Troubleshoot OSPF route summarization failures.

o u
On R4, import the address of Loopback0 as an external route and configure route
s subnet mask.
summarization using thee16-bit
R
[R4]ospf 1

i n g
rn
[R4-ospf-1]import-route direct

a
[R4-ospf-1]asbr-summary 10.1.0.0 255.255.0.0

L e
[R4-ospf-1]quit

r e
o a certain period, the administrator configures inter-area route summarization
After
Mon R2 and summarizes the network segment connected to Loopback0 of R1 into a
route with a 16-bit mask.
[R2]ospf 1
[R2-ospf-1]area 2
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]abr-summary 10.1.0.0 255.255.0.0
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]quit
[R2-ospf-1]quit

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All users on the network except users connected to R4 reflect that they cannot
access the loopback interface address 10.1.4.4 of R4.

Check the OSPF routing of R5 that is located in the same area as R4. The following
command output shows that to reach 10.1.4.4, the route 10.1.0.0/16 must be used.
The next hop of this route is 10.0.75.3.
e n
/
Why is this incorrect route generated?
o m
i.c
[R5]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

w e
a
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
u
Destinations : 5 Routes : 5

g .h
OSPF routing table status : <Active>
ni n
r
lea
Destinations : 5 Routes : 5

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop


: // Interface

t t p
:h
10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.75.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

es
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 1 D 10.0.75.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.12.0/24 OSPF 10

r c
3125 D 10.0.75.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

ou
10.0.23.0/24 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.75.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

s
10.1.0.0/16 OSPF 10 3125 D 10.0.75.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

Re
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>

i n g
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

n
e ar
L
Check the LSDB of R5.

e
or
[R5]display ospf lsdb

M OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.5.5


Link State Database

Area: 0.0.0.0
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric
Router 10.0.5.5 10.0.5.5 214 48 80000025 0
Router 10.0.3.3 10.0.3.3 1246 48 80000024 1
Router 10.0.2.2 10.0.2.2 1247 36 80000005 1562

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Router 10.1.4.4 10.1.4.4 648 36 8000000D 1


Network 10.0.75.4 10.1.4.4 206 36 80000004 0
Sum-Net 10.0.12.0 10.0.2.2 916 28 80000002 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.3.0 10.0.3.3 893 28 80000008 0
Sum-Net 10.0.3.0 10.0.2.2 916 28 80000002 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.2.0 10.0.3.3 919 28 80000003 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.2.0 10.0.2.2 916 28 80000002 0
Sum-Net 10.1.0.0 10.0.2.2 538 28 80000001 1562
Sum-Net 10.0.23.0 10.0.3.3 893 28 80000008 1562
e n
Sum-Net 10.0.23.0 10.0.2.2 917 28 80000002 1562
/
o m
AS External Database
e i.c
Type LinkState ID AdvRouter Age Len Sequence Metric

aw
External 10.0.75.0 10.1.4.4 649 36 80000001
u 1
External 10.1.0.0 10.1.4.4 620 36

g
80000001
.h 2

i n
n Check detailed
r
The LSDB of R5 has two LSAs describing the route to 10.1.0.0.
a
information about LSAs. The following Type 3 LSA iseoriginated
/ l by R2, and the Type 5
/ same network segment.
LSA is originated by R5. The two LSAs describe:the
t tp
[R5]display ospf lsdb summary 10.1.0.0

: h
e s
c
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.5.5

ur
Area: 0.0.0.0

s o
Link State Database

Type : Sum-Net
R e
Ls id
n g
: 10.1.0.0
i
rn
Adv rtr : 10.0.2.2
Ls age

e a : 767
Len

e L
Options
: 28
: E

o r
seq# : 80000001

M chksum : 0xa380
Net mask : 255.255.0.0
Tos 0 metric: 1562
Priority : Low

[R5]display ospf lsdb ase 10.1.0.0

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.5.5


Link State Database

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Type : External
Ls id : 10.1.0.0
Adv rtr : 10.1.4.4
Ls age : 871
Len : 36
Options : E
seq# : 80000001
chksum : 0xe3cd
e n
Net mask : 255.255.0.0
/
TOS 0 Metric: 2
o m
i.c
E type : 2
Forwarding Address : 0.0.0.0
Tag : 1
w e
Priority : Low
u a
g .h
i n
In OSPF, Type 3 LSAs are always preferred over Type 5 LSAs. Therefore, in the OSPF
n is R3.
ar
routing table of R5, the next hop of the route to 10.1.0.0/16
l e
: //
To prevent this problem, cancel external route summarization. This route then will

t tp
appear in the OSPF routing tables of other routers.

: h
s
[R4]ospf 1

c e
[R4-ospf-1]undo asbr-summary 10.1.0.0 255.255.0.0

r
u
[R4-ospf-1]quit

s o
R e
[R5]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

n g
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

i
rn
Public routing table : OSPF

e a
Destinations : 6 Routes : 6

e L
OSPF routing table status : <Active>

o r Destinations : 6 Routes : 6

MDestination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.75.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0


10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 1 D 10.0.75.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.12.0/24 OSPF 10 3125 D 10.0.75.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.23.0/24 OSPF 10 1563 D 10.0.75.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.1.0.0/16 OSPF 10 3125 D 10.0.75.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.1.4.4/24 O_ASE 150 1 D 10.0.75.4 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

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OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>


Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

The preceding command output shows that R5 learns a correct route to 10.1.4.4/24.
Test network connectivity on R1.
[R1]ping -c 1 10.1.4.4

e n
PING 10.1.4.4: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
/
Reply from 10.1.4.4: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=253 time=71 ms

o m
--- 10.1.4.4 ping statistics ---
e i.c
w
1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
u a
.h
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 71/71/71 ms

i n g
r nrecovers.
The preceding command output shows that the network
l e a
----End : //
t tp
h
Additional Exercises: Analysis and: Verification
e s
r c authentication be enabled in the same area?
Can area authentication and interface
o u
e s areas be the same?
Can area IDs of non-backbone
R
i n
Device Configurationsg
rn
<R1>display current-configuration
a
# L e
[V200R007C00SPC600]

r e
sysname R1
#o
Minterface Serial1/0/0
link-protocol ppp
ip address 10.0.12.1 255.255.255.0
ospf authentication-mode md5 1 plain huawei
#
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type broadcast

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

#
ospf 1 router-id 10.1.1.1
area 0.0.0.2
network 10.0.12.1 0.0.0.0
network 10.1.1.1 0.0.0.0
#
return

<R2>display current-configuration
e n
[V200R007C00SPC600]
/
#
o m
i.c
sysname R2
#
interface Serial1/0/0
w e
link-protocol ppp
u a
ip address 10.0.12.2 255.255.255.0

g .h
n
ospf authentication-mode md5 1 plain huawei
#
ni
r
lea
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.2.2 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type broadcast
: //
#

t t p
:h
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.2.2

s
area 0.0.0.0

c e
authentication-mode md5 1 plain huawei

r
ou
area 0.0.0.1
network 10.0.23.2 0.0.0.0
network 10.0.2.2 0.0.0.0
es
vlink-peer 10.0.3.3
R
area 0.0.0.2

i n g
n
abr-summary 10.1.0.0 255.255.0.0

ar
network 10.0.12.2 0.0.0.0

e
L
#
return
e
or
M
<R3>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
sysname R3
#
interface Serial2/0/0
link-protocol ppp
ip address 10.0.23.3 255.255.255.0
#

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interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
ip address 10.0.75.3 255.255.255.0
#
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.3.3 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type broadcast
#
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.3.3
area 0.0.0.0
e n
authentication-mode md5 1 plain huawei
/
network 10.0.75.3 0.0.0.0
o m
i.c
area 0.0.0.1
network 10.0.23.3 0.0.0.0
network 10.0.3.3 0.0.0.0
w e
vlink-peer 10.0.2.2
u a
#

g .h
n
return

ni
r
lea
<R4>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
: //
sysname R4

t t p
:h
#

s
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
ip address 10.0.75.4 255.255.255.0

r c e
ou
#
interface LoopBack0

es
ip address 10.1.4.4 255.255.255.0
#
R
n g
ospf 1 router-id 10.1.4.4

i
n
import-route direct
area 0.0.0.0

e ar
L
authentication-mode md5 1 plain huawei

e
network 10.0.75.4 0.0.0.0
#
or
M
return

<R5>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
sysname R5
#
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
ip address 10.0.75.5 255.255.255.0

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

#
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.5.5 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type broadcast
#
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.5.5
area 0.0.0.0
authentication-mode md5 1 plain huawei
network 10.0.75.5 0.0.0.0
e n
network 10.0.5.5 0.0.0.0
/
#
o m
i.c
Return

Lab 1-7 Advanced OSPF Features w e


u a
Learning Objectives
g .h
The objectives of this lab are to learn and understand: n
i n
ar
/ l e in an NBMA network
How to manually configure OSPF neighbors

: / network
How to affect DR election in an NBMA

t tp
How to configure OSPF in anh

s : NBMA network
How to configure an OSPF

r c e broadcast network in FR

o
How to configure an u OSPF P2MP network in FR
s an OSPF P2MP/P2P mixed network

R e
How to configure


i n g
How to configure an OSPF P2P network in FR

a rn
L e
r e
o
M

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Topology

e n
/
o m
e i.c
aw
u
g .h
ni n
r
lea
Figure 1-7 Advanced OSPF features

: //
Scenario
t p
t
: h The company’s network uses OSPF
You are a network administrator of a company.
e s has three branches, which use routers R1, R2,
cthe company leases and deploys a virtual link
as the routing protocol. The company
r
u
and R3 respectively. To save costs,
o
e s R1 and R3. There is no virtual ink between R2 and
between R1 and R2 and between
R3. Configure OSPF in Ran NBMA network and then change the network type to
broadcast, P2MP, n
i g
combination of P2MP and P2P, and P2P.

a rn
Tasks e
e L
or 1 Perform basic FR interconnection configurations and
Step
Mconfigure IP addresses.
Configure IP addresses and masks for all the routers. Set a 24-bit mask for all
loopback interfaces to simulate an independent network segment.

By default, FR inverse ARP is enabled on routers. You need to disable this feature and
manually establish ARP mappings between R1 and R2 and between R1 and R3.

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

By default, broadcast packets cannot be transmitted over an FR link. To ensure that


OSPF neighbors can be discovered normally, specify the broadcast parameter when
configuring FR address mappings so that broadcast packets can be transmitted over
an FR link.
<R1>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R1]interface Serial 2/0/0

e n
[R1-Serial2/0/0]link-protocol fr
/
Warning: The encapsulation protocol of the link will be changed. Continue? [Y/N]:y

o m
i.c
[R1-Serial2/0/0]ip address 10.0.123.1 24
[R1-Serial2/0/0]undo fr inarp
[R1-Serial2/0/0]fr map ip 10.0.123.2 102 broadcast
w e
[R1-Serial2/0/0]fr map ip 10.0.123.3 103 broadcast
u a
.h
[R1-Serial2/0/0]quit
[R1]interface LoopBack 0

i n g
n
[R1-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.1.1 24

r
lea
[R1-LoopBack0]quit

<R2>system-view
: //
t
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.

t p
:h
[R2]interface Serial 3/0/0

s
[R2-Serial3/0/0]link-protocol fr

r c e
Warning: The encapsulation protocol of the link will be changed. Continue? [Y/N]:y
[R2-Serial3/0/0]ip address 10.0.123.2 24
[R2-Serial3/0/0]undo fr inarp

s ou
[R2-Serial3/0/0]quit
Re
[R2-Serial3/0/0]fr map ip 10.0.123.1 201 broadcast

n g
[R2]interface LoopBack 0

i
n
[R2-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.2.2 24

ar
[R2-LoopBack0]quit

L e
e
<R3>system-view

or
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.

M
[R3]interface Serial 1/0/0
[R3-Serial1/0/0]link-protocol fr
Warning: The encapsulation protocol of the link will be changed. Continue? [Y/N]:y
[R3-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.123.3 24
[R3-Serial1/0/0]undo fr inarp
[R3-Serial1/0/0]fr map ip 10.0.123.1 301 broadcast
[R3-Serial1/0/0]quit
[R3]interface LoopBack 0
[R3-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.3.3 24

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

[R3-LoopBack0]quit

After the configurations are complete, run the display fr map-info command to
check FR address mapping information and test link connectivity.
[R1]display fr map-info
Map Statistics for interface Serial2/0/0 (DTE)
DLCI = 102, IP 10.0.123.2, Serial2/0/0

e n
create time = 2011/11/30 09:06:43, status = ACTIVE
/
encapsulation = ietf, vlink = 3, broadcast

o m
i.c
DLCI = 103, IP 10.0.123.3, Serial2/0/0

e
create time = 2011/11/30 09:06:53, status = ACTIVE

w
encapsulation = ietf, vlink = 4, broadcast

u a
.h
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.123.2
PING 10.0.123.2: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

i
Reply from 10.0.123.2: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=66 ms
n g
r n
lea
--- 10.0.123.2 ping statistics ---
1 packet(s) transmitted
: //
1 packet(s) received

t t p
:h
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 66/66/66 ms

e s
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.123.3
r c
ou
PING 10.0.123.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

es
Reply from 10.0.123.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=56 ms

R
i n g
--- 10.0.123.3 ping statistics ---

n
1 packet(s) transmitted

ar
1 packet(s) received

e
0.00% packet loss

L
e
round-trip min/avg/max = 56/56/56 ms

or
MStep 2 Configure an OSPF NBMA network.
Configure 10.0.123.0/24 and Loopback0 address of each router to belong to Area 0.
Change the OSPF network type of Loopback0 on all routers to broadcast and
configure these routers to use Loopback0 address as their router IDs.

When configuring the network command, use the wildcard mask 0.0.0.0.

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

In an FR network, the default OSPF network type is NBMA. In an NBMA network,


OSPF neighbors need to be manually configured. After the configurations are
complete, check neighbor relationships of routers.
[R1]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.123.1
[R1-ospf-1]area 0
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.123.1 0.0.0.0

n
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.1.1 0.0.0.0
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
/ e
[R1-ospf-1]peer 10.0.123.2

o m
i.c
[R1-ospf-1]peer 10.0.123.3
[R1-ospf-1]quit
[R1]interface LoopBack 0
w e
[R1-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast

u a
.h
[R1-LoopBack0]quit

[R2]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.2.2


i n g
[R2-ospf-1]area 0
r n
lea
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.123.2 0.0.0.0
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.2.2 0.0.0.0

: //
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[R2-ospf-1]peer 10.0.123.1
t t p
:h
[R2-ospf-1]quit
[R2]interface LoopBack 0
e s
r c
[R2-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast

ou
[R2-LoopBack0]quit

es
R
[R3]ospf 1 router-id 10.0.3.3
[R3-ospf-1]area 0

i n g
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.123.3 0.0.0.0

n
ar
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.3.3 0.0.0.0

L e
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[R3-ospf-1]peer 10.0.123.1

e
or
[R3-ospf-1]quit
[R3]interface LoopBack 0

M
[R3-LoopBack0]ospf network-type broadcast
[R3-LoopBack0]quit

Because OSPF is first configured on R1, R1 becomes the DR of the network segment
10.0.123.0. Run the reset ospf process command on R1 to restart the OSPF process.
<R1>reset ospf process

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Warning: The OSPF process will be reset. Continue? [Y/N]:y

[R2]display ospf peer

OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.2.2


Neighbors

Area 0.0.0.0 interface 10.0.123.2(Serial3/0/0)'s neighbors


Router ID: 10.0.123.1 Address: 10.0.123.1
e n
State: Full Mode:Nbr is Master Priority: 1
/
DR: 10.0.123.2 BDR: 10.0.123.1 MTU: 0
o m
i.c
Dead timer due in 93 sec
Retrans timer interval: 6
Neighbor is up for 00:01:23
w e
Authentication Sequence: [ 0 ]
u a
g .h
i n
The preceding command output shows that R2 becomes the DR. Check the OSPF
n
r
lea
routing table of R2.
[R2]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
: //
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

t t p
:h
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
Destinations : 1
e s
Routes : 1

r c
ou
OSPF routing table status : <Active>
Destinations : 1
es Routes : 1

R
ing
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

n
ar
10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.123.1 Serial3/0/0

L e
e
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>

or
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

MThe preceding command output shows that R2 has only one OSPF route, which is the
route to the network segment connected to Loopback0 of R1. R2 does not learn the
route to the network segment where Loopback0 of R3 resides. What is the reason for
this problem?

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An NBMA network must be fully meshed. In the company’s network, there is no


virtual link between R2 and R3, so R2 and R3 are not directly connected. R2 functions
as the DR, so routing information of F3 cannot be transmitted to R2.

In this scenario, you need to ensure that R1 is always the DR. To do this, change the
OSPF interface priorities of R2 and R3.

In OSPF, routers with interface priority 0 do not participate in DR/BDR election.


e n
/
[R2]interface s3/0/0

o m
i.c
[R2-Serial3/0/0]ospf dr-priority 0

e
[R2-Serial3/0/0]quit

[R3]interface Serial 1/0/0


aw
u
.h
[R3-Serial1/0/0]ospf dr-priority 0
[R3-Serial1/0/0]quit

i n g
r nwhether R2 learns the route
Check the OSPF routing table of R2 again to determine
l e a
to the network segment where Loopback0 of R3 /resides.
: /
t
[R2]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
tp
: h
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

e s
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
r c
Destinations : 2

o u Routes : 2

es
R
OSPF routing table status : <Active>

g
Destinations : 2 Routes : 2

i n
a rn
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

L e
10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.123.1 Serial3/0/0

r e10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.123.3 Serial3/0/0

o
MOSPF routing table status : <Inactive>
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

The preceding command output shows that R2 learns the route to the network
segment where Loopback0 of R3 resides. Then check network connectivity on R2.
[R2]ping -c 1 10.0.3.3
PING 10.0.3.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Request time out

--- 10.0.3.3 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
0 packet(s) received
100.00% packet loss

The preceding command output shows that R2 cannot access the Loopback0
e n
address of R3. What is the reason for this problem? /
o m
Check the OSPF routing table of R2. You can see that the next hop of the route
i . c to
10.0.3.3 is 10.0.123.3.
w e
a
hu
Check connectivity to this next-hop address.
[R2]ping -c 1 10.0.123.3
g .
PING 10.0.123.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
ni n
Request time out
ar
l e
--- 10.0.123.3 ping statistics ---
: //
tp
1 packet(s) transmitted
0 packet(s) received
ht
100.00% packet loss
s :
r e
c address 10.0.123.2 of R1 belong to the same
u
The address 10.0.123.3 and interface
o
network segment. Check FR
e s address mapping information.
R
i n g
[R2]display fr map-info
Map Statistics for interface Serial3/0/0 (DTE)

rn
DLCI = 201, IP 10.0.123.1, Serial3/0/0

a
L e
create time = 2011/11/30 10:03:37, status = ACTIVE
encapsulation = ietf, vlink = 1, broadcast

r e
o preceding command output shows that there is only the mapping to 10.0.123.1
M
The
but no mapping to 10.0.123.3.

Manually add the interface address mappings from R2 to R3 and from R3 to R2.
[R2]interface Serial 3/0/0
[R2-Serial3/0/0]fr map ip 10.0.123.3 201
[R2-Serial3/0/0]quit

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

[R3]interface Serial 1/0/0


[R3-Serial1/0/0]fr map ip 10.0.123.2 301
[R3-Serial1/0/0]quit

Test the connectivity between R2 and R3.


[R2]ping -c 1 10.0.3.3
PING 10.0.3.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

e n
/
Reply from 10.0.3.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=254 time=122 ms

--- 10.0.3.3 ping statistics ---


o m
1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
e i.c
0.00% packet loss
aw
u
.h
round-trip min/avg/max = 122/122/122 ms

i n g
The preceding command output shows that R2 can access R3.
r n
Step 3 Configure an OSPF broadcast network. l e a
: / /
t p
By default, broadcast packets cannot be transmitted over an FR link. To enable OSPF
tthe broadcast parameter when
: h
to use the broadcast network type, specify
configuring FR address mappings so sthat broadcast packets can be transmitted over
r c e
an FR link.
u
o so that OSPF can broadcast packets on FR
s
Re
Set the network type to broadcast
interfaces.

i n g
rn
[R1]interface Serial 2/0/0

a
[R1-Serial2/0/0]ospf network-type broadcast

e
L
[R1-Serial2/0/0]quit

r e
o
[R2]interface Serial 3/0/0

M[R2-Serial3/0/0]ospf network-type broadcast

[R3]interface Serial 1/0/0


[R3-Serial1/0/0]ospf network-type broadcast

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

OSPF neighbors do not need to be manually configured in a broadcast network.


Therefore, you need to delete the manually configured neighbors in the OSPF
process.
[R1]ospf 1
[R1-ospf-1]undo peer 10.0.123.2
[R1-ospf-1]undo peer 10.0.123.3

n
[R1-ospf-1]quit

/ e
[R2]ospf 1

o m
i.c
[R2-ospf-1]undo peer 10.0.123.1
[R2-ospf-1]quit

w e
[R3]ospf 1

u a
.h
[R3-ospf-1]undo peer 10.0.123.1
[R3-ospf-1]quit

i n g
r n table of R2, and test
l e a
Check neighbor relationships of R1, check the OSPF routing
connectivity.
: //
[R1]display ospf peer brief
t tp
: h
s
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.123.1

e
r c
Peer Statistic Information

u
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

o
Area Id

es
Interface Neighbor id State

R
0.0.0.0 Serial2/0/0 10.0.2.2 Full

g
0.0.0.0 Serial2/0/0 10.0.3.3 Full

i n
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

a rn
e
[R2]display ip routing-table protocol ospf

L
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

e
r
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

o
Public routing table : OSPF

M Destinations : 2 Routes : 2

OSPF routing table status : <Active>


Destinations : 2 Routes : 2

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.123.1 Serial3/0/0

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10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.123.3 Serial3/0/0

OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>


Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

The network recovers and is working normally.

The preceding command output shows that the next hop of the route to 10.0.3.0/24
e n
is 10.0.123.3, which is the same as that in the NBMA network type configuration. In a /
broadcast network, FR mappings are required for interface addresses of R2 and m
. co R3.

On R2, test whether the network is running normally. e i


aw
hu
[R2]ping -c 1 10.0.3.3

.
PING 10.0.3.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.0.3.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=254 time=114 ms

i n g
--- 10.0.3.3 ping statistics ---
r n
1 packet(s) transmitted
l e a
1 packet(s) received
: //
tp
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 114/114/114 ms
ht
s :
Step 4 Configure an OSPF rP2MP
e
c network.
Neighbors do not need to s o u
be manually configured in a P2MP network.
R e
i n gthese interfaces.
Change the network type of each interface to P2MP and delete the DR priority

n
configuration from
r
e a
DR/BDR election is not required in a P2MP network.

e L
o r
[R1]interface Serial 2/0/0
[R1-Serial2/0/0]ospf network-type p2mp

M[R1-Serial2/0/0]quit

[R2]interface Serial 3/0/0


[R2-Serial3/0/0]undo ospf dr-priority
[R2-Serial3/0/0]ospf network-type p2mp
[R2-Serial3/0/0]quit

[R3]interface Serial 1/0/0

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[R3-Serial1/0/0]undo ospf dr-priority


[R3-Serial1/0/0]ospf network-type p2mp
[R3-Serial1/0/0]quit

Check neighbor relationships of R1.


[R1]display ospf peer brief

e n
/
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.123.1

m
Peer Statistic Information
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
o
Area Id
0.0.0.0
Interface
Serial2/0/0
Neighbor id
10.0.2.2
State
Full
e i.c
0.0.0.0 Serial2/0/0 10.0.3.3 Full
aw
u
.h
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

i n g
n
Check OSPF routing tables of R1 and R2. The following command output shows that
r
lea
routing information is transmitted normally.
[R1]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
: //
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
t t p
:h
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF

e s
Destinations : 4
c
Routes : 4

r
s
OSPF routing table status : <Active>
ou
Destinations : 2

Re Routes : 2

Destination/Mask
i n gProto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

n
e ar
10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.123.2 Serial2/0/0

e L
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.123.3 Serial2/0/0

or
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>

M Destinations : 2 Routes : 2

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.123.2/32 OSPF 10 1562 10.0.123.2 Serial2/0/0


10.0.123.3/32 OSPF 10 1562 10.0.123.3 Serial2/0/0

[R2]display ip routing-table protocol ospf


Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
Destinations : 4 Routes : 4

OSPF routing table status : <Active>


Destinations : 2 Routes : 2

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

e n
10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.123.1 Serial3/0/0
/
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.123.1 Serial3/0/0
o m
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>
e i.c
Destinations : 2 Routes : 2

aw
u
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop
.h
Interface

g
10.0.123.1/32 OSPF 10 1562 10.0.123.1
ni n
Serial3/0/0

r
lea
10.0.123.3/32 OSPF 10 3124 10.0.123.1 Serial3/0/0

: //
t t p
The preceding command output of R2 shows that the next hop of the route to

:h
10.0.3.0/24 becomes 10.0.123.1. R2 only needs to have FR mapping to the address
10.0.123.1.
e s
r c and then test network connectivity.
u
Delete unnecessary address mappings
o
[R2]interface Serial 3/0/0
es
R
[R2-Serial3/0/0]undo fr map ip 10.0.123.3 201

n
[R2-Serial3/0/0]quit

i g
a rn
[R3]interface Serial 1/0/0

L e
[R3-Serial1/0/0]undo fr map ip 10.0.123.2 301

e
[R3-Serial1/0/0]quit

r
o
MTest connectivity of R2. The following command output shows that R2 can
communicate with R3 normally.
[R2]ping -c 1 10.0.3.3
PING 10.0.3.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.0.3.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=254 time=119 ms

--- 10.0.3.3 ping statistics ---

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 119/119/119 ms

Check whether the OSPF routing table of R2 changes after the mapping to 10.0.123.3
is deleted.

e n
[R2-Serial3/0/0]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
/
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

o m
i.c
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

e
Public routing table : OSPF

w
Destinations : 4 Routes : 4

u a
.h
OSPF routing table status : <Active>
Destinations : 3 Routes : 3

i n g
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop
r n Interface

lea
://
10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.123.1 Serial3/0/0

tp
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.123.1 Serial3/0/0

t
:h
10.0.123.3/32 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.123.1 Serial3/0/0

OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>


e s
Destinations : 1
r c
Routes : 1

s ou
e
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

R
ing
10.0.123.1/32 OSPF 10 1562 10.0.123.1 Serial3/0/0

a rn
e
The preceding command output shows that the route to 10.0.123.3/32 is inactive
L
e
because it appears in the OSPF routing table as a direct route. After the mapping to

or is deleted, this route appears in the OSPF routing table as an OSPF route.
10.0.123.3
MStep 5 Configure an OSPF P2MP/P2P mixed network.
The P2MP and P2P network types can coexist.

Change the network type of R2 and R3 to P2P and retain the network type of R1 as
P2MP.
[R2]interface Serial 3/0/0

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[R2-Serial3/0/0]ospf network-type p2p


[R2-Serial3/0/0]quit

[R3]interface Serial 1/0/0


[R3-Serial1/0/0]ospf network-type p2p
[R3-Serial1/0/0]quit

The preceding command output shows that neighbor relationship between R2 and
e n
R3 does not exist and cannot be established after a certain period. Check OSPF /
errors. The following command output shows that Hello intervals on both ends o m
are
i. c
inconsistent.

w e
a
Nov 30 2011 14:16:10+00:00 R2 %%01OSPF/3/NBR_CHG_DOWN(l)[0]:Neighbor event:neighbor state

hu
changed to Down. (ProcessId=1, NeighborAddress=10.0.123.1, NeighborEvent=KillNbr,
NeighborPreviousState=Full, NeighborCurrentState=Down)
g .
ni n
r
[R2]display ospf error

l e a
//
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.2.2

:
tp
OSPF error statistics

ht
:
General packet errors:
0 : IP: received my own packet
e s
6 : Bad packet
0 : Bad version
r c 0 : Bad checksum
0 : Bad area id

o u 0 : Drop on unnumbered interface


0 : Bad virtual link

es 0 : Bad authentication type

R
0 : Bad authentication key 0 : Packet too small
0
0
i n g
: Packet size > ip length
: Interface down
0
0
: Transmit error
: Unknown neighbor
0

a rn
: Bad net segment 0 : Extern option mismatch

e
0 : Router id confusion 0 : Bad authentication sequence number

e L
0 r
HELLO packet errors:

o : Netmask mismatch 6 : Hello timer mismatch

M 0
0
: Dead timer mismatch
: NBMA neighbor unknown
0
0
: Virtual neighbor unknown
: Invalid Source Address

In a P2MP network, the default Hello interval is 30s. In a P2P network, the default
Hello interval is 10s.

To solve the preceding problem, adjust the Hello interval of R1.

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[R1]interface Serial 2/0/0


[R1-Serial2/0/0]ospf timer hello 10

Wait for about 30 seconds, check whether neighbor relationship can be established
on R1.
[R1]display ospf peer brief

e n
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.123.1
/
Peer Statistic Information

o m
i.c
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

e
Area Id Interface Neighbor id State

w
0.0.0.0 Serial2/0/0 10.0.2.2 Full
0.0.0.0 Serial2/0/0 10.0.3.3 Full
u a
.h
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

i n g
r n
The preceding command output shows that neighbor relationships are established
on R1.
l e a
: // between routers normally. First,
tp
Check whether routing information is transmitted
t
check the OSPF routing table of R1.
: h
e s
[R1]display ip routing-table protocol ospf

r c
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

o u
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

es
Public routing table : OSPF

R
Destinations : 3 Routes : 4

i n g
OSPF routing table status : <Active>

a rn
Destinations : 2 Routes : 2

L e
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

r e
o 10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.123.2 Serial2/0/0

M 10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.123.3 Serial2/0/0

OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>


Destinations : 1 Routes : 2

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.123.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 10.0.123.2 Serial2/0/0

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

10.0.123.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 10.0.123.3 Serial2/0/0

The preceding command output shows that R1 has routes to the network segments
of loopback interfaces on R2 and R3.

Check the OSPF routing table of R2.

n
[R2]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
/ e
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

o m
i.c
Public routing table : OSPF
Destinations : 3 Routes : 3

w e
OSPF routing table status : <Active>

u a
.h
Destinations : 2 Routes : 2

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop


i n g
Interface

r n
lea
10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.123.1 Serial3/0/0

://
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.123.1 Serial3/0/0

OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>


t tp
Destinations : 1 Routes : 1

s :h
Destination/Mask Proto Pre
r c
Coste Flags NextHop Interface

s ou
e
10.0.123.1/32 OSPF 10 1562 10.0.123.1 Serial3/0/0

R
i n g
The preceding command output shows that R2 has routes to R1 and R3. Can R2

rn with R1 and R3?


directly communicates
a
L e
[R2]ping -c 1 10.0.3.3

r e
PING 10.0.3.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

o Request time out

M --- 10.0.3.3 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
0 packet(s) received
100.00% packet loss

[R2]ping -c 1 10.0.1.1
PING 10.0.1.1: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Reply from 10.0.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=63 ms

--- 10.0.1.1 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 63/63/63 ms

e n
The preceding command output shows that R2 cannot directly communicate with R3
but can directly communicate with R1. Check which router discards the packet m
/
. co
destined for 10.0.3.3.
e i
[R2]tracert 10.0.3.3
aw
hu
traceroute to 10.0.3.3(10.0.3.3), max hops: 30 ,packet length: 40,press CTRL_C to break
1 10.0.123.1 61 ms 42 ms 42 ms

g .
n
2 * * *
...
ni
ar
l e
/ has reached R1 but is
The preceding command output shows that the/packet
:
t tp table of R3.
discarded after reaching R3. Check the IP routing

: h
s
[R3]display ip routing-table

r c e
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public
o u
e s
Destinations : 13 Routes : 13

R
Destination/Mask

i n g Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

a rn
10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.123.1 Serial1/0/0

L e
10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.123.1 Serial1/0/0

e
10.0.3.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.3.3 LoopBack0

o r 10.0.3.3/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

M
10.0.3.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
10.0.123.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.123.3 Serial1/0/0
10.0.123.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.123.1 Serial1/0/0
10.0.123.3/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
10.0.123.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
127.0.0.0/8 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
127.0.0.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
255.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

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When R2 pings the loopback interface address of R3, the source address of the Layer
3 packet header is the interface address of R2, 10.0.123.2.

The IP routing table of R3 does not have the route to 10.0.123.2/32, indicating that
this packet is discarded. This indicates that after the network type is changed from
P2MP to P2P, R2 and R3 cannot learn directly-connected interface addresses of each
e n
other. This does not affect communication of users connected to R2 and R3. You can/
use the source address to test connectivity.
o m
The following command output shows that R2 can communicate with R3ewhen i.c the
a
loopback interface address of R2 is set as the source address of the pingw packet.
[R2]ping -c 1 -a 10.0.2.2 10.0.3.3
. hu
PING 10.0.3.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
i n g
n
Reply from 10.0.3.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=254 time=123 ms
r
l e a
//
--- 10.0.3.3 ping statistics ---
1 packet(s) transmitted
:
1 packet(s) received
t tp
0.00% packet loss

: h
s
round-trip min/avg/max = 123/123/123 ms

e
r c
Step 6 Configure an OSPF o uP2P network.
e s
R
i n g
a rn
L e
r e
o
M

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

You need to plan the IP addresses again. In the preceding figure, R1 is connected to
R2 through the network segment 10.0.12.0/24, and R1 is connected to R3 through
the network segment 10.0.13.0/24.

Configure subinterfaces and their IP addresses. When configuring subinterfaces, set


the interface type to P2P.
e n
/
[R1]interface s2/0/0

o m
i.c
[R1-Serial2/0/0]undo fr map ip 10.0.123.2 102

e
[R1-Serial2/0/0]undo fr map ip 10.0.123.3 103

w
[R1-Serial2/0/0]undo ospf network-type
[R1-Serial2/0/0]undo ospf timer hello

u a
.h
[R1-Serial2/0/0]interface Serial 2/0/0.102 p2p
[R1-Serial2/0/0.102]ip address 10.0.12.1 24
[R1-Serial2/0/0.102]ospf network-type p2p
i n g
[R1-Serial2/0/0.102]fr dlci 102
r n
lea
[R1-fr-dlci-Serial2/0/0.102-102]quit
[R1-Serial2/0/0.102]interface Serial 2/0/0.103 p2p
: //
[R1-Serial2/0/0.103]ip address 10.0.13.1 24
[R1-Serial2/0/0.103]ospf network-type p2p
t t p
[R1-Serial2/0/0.103]fr dlci 103

s :h
[R1-Serial2/0/0.103]quit
r c e
[R1-fr-dlci-Serial2/0/0.103-103]quit

s ou
e
[R2]interface Serial 3/0/0

R
[R2-Serial3/0/0]undo fr map ip 10.0.123.1 201

i n g
[R2-Serial3/0/0]undo ip address
[R2-Serial3/0/0]undo ospf network-type

n
ar
[R2-Serial3/0/0]interface Serial 3/0/0.201 p2p

L e
[R2-Serial3/0/0.201]ip address 10.0.12.2 24
[R2-Serial3/0/0.201]ospf network-type p2p

e
or
[R2-Serial3/0/0.201]fr dlci 201
[R2-fr-dlci-Serial3/0/0.201-201]quit

M
[R2-Serial3/0/0.201]quit

[R3]interface Serial 1/0/0


[R3-Serial1/0/0]undo ip address
[R3-Serial1/0/0]undo fr map ip 10.0.123.1 301
[R3-Serial1/0/0]undo ospf network-type
[R3-Serial1/0/0]interface Serial 1/0/0.301 p2p
[R3-Serial1/0/0.301]ip address 10.0.13.3 24

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

[R3-Serial1/0/0.301]ospf network-type p2p


[R3-Serial1/0/0.301]fr dlci 301
[R3-fr-dlci-Serial1/0/0.301-301]quit
[R3-Serial1/0/0.301]quit

After the configurations are complete, test link connectivity.


[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.12.2

e n
/
PING 10.0.12.2: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

m
Reply from 10.0.12.2: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=59 ms

o
--- 10.0.12.2 ping statistics ---
1 packet(s) transmitted
e i.c
1 packet(s) received
aw
u
.h
0.00% packet loss

g
round-trip min/avg/max = 59/59/59 ms

ni n
r
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.13.3

lea
PING 10.0.13.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

//
Reply from 10.0.13.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=59 ms

p :
--- 10.0.13.3 ping statistics ---
t t
:h
1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
e s
0.00% packet loss
r c
ou
round-trip min/avg/max = 59/59/59 ms

e s
Modify informationg
R
about the network segment to be advertised.
i n
[R1]ospf 1

a rn
e
[R1-ospf-1]area 0

L
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]undo network 10.0.123.1 0.0.0.0

e
o r
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.12.1 0.0.0.0
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.13.1 0.0.0.0

M[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[R1-ospf-1]quit

[R2]ospf 1
[R2-ospf-1]area 0
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]undo network 10.0.123.2 0.0.0.0
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.12.2 0.0.0.0
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit

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[R2-ospf-1]quit

[R3]ospf 1
[R3-ospf-1]area 0
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]undo network 10.0.123.3 0.0.0.0
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.13.3 0.0.0.0
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[R3-ospf-1]quit

e n
/
Check the OSPF neighbor table.
o m
[R1]display ospf peer brief

e i.c
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.123.1
aw
u
.h
Peer Statistic Information

g
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Area Id Interface Neighbor id

ni n
State

r
0.0.0.0 Serial2/0/0.102 10.0.2.2 Full

lea
0.0.0.0 Serial2/0/0.103 10.0.3.3 Full

//
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

p :
t t
:h
Check the OSPF routing tables of R1 and R2.
[R1]display ip routing-table protocol ospf
e s
r c
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

ou
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

s
e
Public routing table : OSPF
Destinations : 2
R Routes : 2

i n g
n
OSPF routing table status : <Active>

ar
Destinations : 2 Routes : 2

L e
e
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

or
M
10.0.2.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.12.2 Serial2/0/0.102
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.13.3 Serial2/0/0.103

OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>


Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

[R2]display ip routing-table protocol ospf


Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 189


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Public routing table : OSPF


Destinations : 3 Routes : 3

OSPF routing table status : <Active>


Destinations : 3 Routes : 3

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.0/24 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.12.1 Serial3/0/0.201


e n
10.0.3.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.12.1 Serial3/0/0.201
/
10.0.13.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.12.1 Serial3/0/0.201
o m
OSPF routing table status : <Inactive>
e i.c
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

aw
u
Test network connectivity.
g .h
ni n
r
[R2]ping -c 1 10.0.1.1

lea
PING 10.0.1.1: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

//
Reply from 10.0.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=65 ms

p :
--- 10.0.1.1 ping statistics ---
t t
:h
1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
e s
0.00% packet loss
r c
ou
round-trip min/avg/max = 65/65/65 ms

es
R
[R2]ping -c 1 10.0.3.3

g
PING 10.0.3.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

i n
Reply from 10.0.3.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=95 ms

n
e ar
--- 10.0.3.3 ping statistics ---

L
1 packet(s) transmitted

e
or
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss

M
round-trip min/avg/max = 95/95/95 ms

----End

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 190


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

Additional Exercises: Analysis and Verification

What are the considerations when using an NBMA network on a non-fully-meshed


network?

Compare NBMA, P2MP, and P2P in their usage.

Device Configurations
e n
<R1>display current-configuration /
[V200R007C00SPC600]
o m
i.c
#
sysname R1

w e
a
#
interface Serial2/0/0
u
link-protocol fr

g .h
undo fr inarp
#
ni n
r
lea
interface Serial2/0/0.102 p2p

//
fr dlci 102
ip address 10.0.12.1 255.255.255.0

p :
ospf network-type p2p
t t
:h
#
interface Serial2/0/0.103 p2p

e s
fr dlci 103

r c
ou
ip address 10.0.13.1 255.255.255.0

s
ospf network-type p2p
#
Re
g
interface LoopBack0

i n
ip address 10.0.1.1 255.255.255.0

n
ar
ospf network-type broadcast
#

L e
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.123.1

e
or
area 0.0.0.0
network 10.0.1.1 0.0.0.0

M network 10.0.12.1 0.0.0.0


network 10.0.13.1 0.0.0.0
#
return

<R2>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
sysname R2

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 191


HCNP-IERS Chapter 1 OSPF Features and Configurations

#
interface Serial3/0/0
link-protocol fr
undo fr inarp
#
interface Serial3/0/0.201 p2p
fr dlci 201
ip address 10.0.12.2 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type p2p
e n
#
/
interface LoopBack0
o m
i.c
ip address 10.0.2.2 255.255.255.0
ospf network-type broadcast
#
w e
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.2.2
u a
area 0.0.0.0

g .h
n
network 10.0.2.2 0.0.0.0
network 10.0.12.2 0.0.0.0
ni
r
lea
#
return

: //
<R3>display current-configuration

t t p
:h
[V200R007C00SPC600]

s
#
sysname R3

r c e
ou
#
interface Serial1/0/0
link-protocol fr
es
R
fr map ip 10.0.13.1 301 broadcast

n g
ip address 10.0.13.3 255.255.255.0

i
n
ospf network-type p2p
#

e ar
L
interface LoopBack0

e
ip address 10.0.3.3 255.255.255.0

or
ospf network-type broadcast

M
#
ospf 1 router-id 10.0.3.3
area 0.0.0.0
network 10.0.3.3 0.0.0.0
network 10.0.13.3 0.0.0.0
#
return

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 192


HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

Lab 2-1 IS-IS Configurations

Learning Objectives

The objectives of this lab are to learn and understand:


e n
/
Basic IS-IS configurations
o m
How to configure the IS-IS designated intermediate system (DIS)c

e i . priority
How to configure the IS-IS network type
aw
How to import external routes into IS-IS
hu
How to configure the IS-IS interface cost g .

ni n
How to configure IS-IS route leaking
ar
l e
Topology : //
t tp
: h
e s
r c
o u
e s
R
i n g
a rn
L e
r e
o
M
Figure 3-1 IS-IS topology

Scenario

IS-IS runs as an IGP in a network. R1 and R5 run in Area 49.0002 as Level-2 routers.
R2, R3, and R4 run in Area 49.0001. R4 is a Level-1 router, while R2 and R3 are

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 193


HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

Level-1-2 routers. The requirements are as follows: R4 can use the external routes
imported by R5. R4 connected to S5 functions as the DIS. There is a P2P link between
R1 and R5. Uplink and downlink traffic from R4 to R5 is forwarded through Ethernet
interfaces, and route selection is controlled using the cost and route leaking.
Switches do not require additional configurations and are only responsible for
transparent forwarding.

e n
Tasks /
o m
Step 1 Set basic parameters and configure IP addresses.
e i.c
Configure IP addresses for all the routers.
aw
u
[R1]interface loopback 0

g .h
n
[R1-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.1.1 32
[R1-LoopBack0]quit
ni
r
lea
[R1]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

//
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.0.15.1 24
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

p :
[R1]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/1
t t
:h
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]ip address 10.0.13.1 24
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]quit

e s
c
[R1]interface interface Serial1/0/0

r
ou
[R1-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.12.1 24

s
[R1-Serial1/0/0]quit

[R2]interface LoopBack 0 Re
i n g
[R2-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.2.2 32

n
[R2-LoopBack0]quit

ar
[R2]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

e
L
[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.0.234.2 24

e
or
[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
[R2]interface Serial1/0/0

M
[R2-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.12.2 24
[R2-Serial1/0/0]quit

[R3]interface LoopBack 0
[R3-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.3.3 32
[R3-LoopBack0]quit
[R3]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.0.234.3 24
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 194


HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

[R3]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/1


[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]ip address 10.0.13.3 24
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]quit

[R4]interface LoopBack 0
[R4-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.4.4 32
[R4-LoopBack0]quit
[R4]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.0.234.4 24
e n
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
/
o m
i.c
[R5]interface LoopBack 0
[R5-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.5.5 32
[R5-LoopBack0]quit
w e
[R5]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
u a
[R5-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.0.15.5 24

g .h
n
[R5-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

ni
r
a from R1 to directly
l e
After the configurations are complete, test connectivity
connected interfaces of R2, R3, and R5.
: //
t tp
h
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.13.3

:
PING 10.0.13.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

s
r c e
Reply from 10.0.13.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=1 ms

o u
--- 10.0.13.3 ping statistics ---

e
1 packet(s) transmitted
s
R
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss

i n g
rn
round-trip min/avg/max = 1/1/1 ms

e a
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.12.2

e L
PING 10.0.12.2: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

o r
Reply from 10.0.12.2: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=26 ms

M --- 10.0.12.2 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 26/26/26 ms

[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.15.5
PING 10.0.15.5: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 195


HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

Reply from 10.0.15.5: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=1 ms

--- 10.0.15.5 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 1/1/1 ms

e n
Test connectivity from R4 to directly connected interfaces of R2 and R3.
/
[R4]ping -c 1 10.0.234.2
o m
PING 10.0.234.2: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.0.234.2: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=1 ms
e i.c
aw
u
.h
--- 10.0.234.2 ping statistics ---

g
1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received

ni n
r
0.00% packet loss

lea
round-trip min/avg/max = 1/1/1 ms

: //
p
[R4]ping -c 1 10.0.234.3
PING 10.0.234.3: 56
t t
data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

:h
Reply from 10.0.234.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=1 ms

e s
r c
--- 10.0.234.3 ping statistics ---

ou
1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received

es
R
0.00% packet loss

g
round-trip min/avg/max = 1/1/1 ms

n i n
a r
L e
Step 2 Perform basic IS-IS configurations.

r e an IS-IS process 1 for each router according to the topology. The following
Configure
o
M
example configures IS-IS process 1 for R1.

R1 resides in Area 49.0002 and uses network-entity 49.0002.0000.0000.0001.


[R1]isis
[R1-isis-1]network-entity 49.0002.0000.0000.0001.00

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 196


HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

By default, after an IS-IS process is enabled on a router, the router works in Level-1-2
mode. According to the planning, R1 needs to work in Level-2 mode. Therefore, you
need to change its IS level.
[R1-isis-1]is-level level-2
[R1-isis-1]quit

Enable IS-IS on related interfaces, including loopback interfaces. When no IS-IS


e n
/
process ID is specified, by default, IS-IS is enabled in IS-IS process 1.
o m
[R1]interface LoopBack 0
[R1-LoopBack0]isis enable
e i.c
[R1-LoopBack0]quit
aw
[R1]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
u
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]isis enable
g .h
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

ni n
r
[R1]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/1

lea
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]isis enable

//
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]quit
[R1]interface Serial 1/0/0
p :
[R1-Serial1/0/0]isis enable
t t
:h
[R1-Serial1/0/0]quit

e s
r c on interfaces.
u
On R1, check IS-IS enabling information
o
e s
[R1]display isis interface

R
i n g Interface information for ISIS(1)
---------------------------------
Interface
a rn Id IPV4.State IPV6.State MTU Type DIS
Loop0
GE0/0/0L e 001
001
Up
Up
Down
Down
1500 L1/L2 --
1497 L1/L2 No/No

r e
GE0/0/1 002 Up Down 1497 L1/L2 No/No

o
S1/0/0 002 Up Down 1500 L1/L2 --

M
The preceding command output shows that ISIS(1) has been enabled on a total of
four interfaces, whose IPV4.State field displays Up.

Similarly, configure other routers. R2 and R3 work in Level-1-2 mode, so you do not
need to change their IS levels.

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 197


HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

[R2]isis 1
[R2-isis-1]network-entity 49.0001.0000.0000.0002.00
[R2-isis-1]quit
[R2]interface LoopBack 0
[R2-LoopBack0]isis enable
[R2-LoopBack0]quit
[R2]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]isis enable
[R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
e n
[R2]interface Serial 1/0/0
/
[R2-Serial1/0/0]isis enable
o m
i.c
[R2-Serial1/0/0]quit

w e
On R2, check IS-IS enabling information on interfaces.
u a
[R2]display isis interface
g .h
ni n
r
Interface information for ISIS(1)

lea
---------------------------------

://
Interface Id IPV4.State IPV6.State MTU Type DIS

tp
Loop0 002 Up Down 1500 L1/L2 --
GE0/0/0 001 Up
tDown 1497 L1/L2 No/No

:h
S1/0/0 001 Up Down 1500 L1/L2 --

e s
r c
Configure IS-IS on R3.
s ou
[R3]isis 1
Re
i n g
[R3-isis-1]network-entity 49.0001.0000.0000.0003.00

n
[R3-isis-1]quit

ar
[R3]interface LoopBack 0

e
[R3-LoopBack0]isis enable
L
e
[R3-LoopBack0]quit

or
[R3]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

M
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]isis enable
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
[R3]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/1
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]isis enable
[R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]quit

On R3, check IS-IS enabling information on interfaces.


[R3]display isis interface

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 198


HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

Interface information for ISIS(1)


---------------------------------
Interface Id IPV4.State IPV6.State MTU Type DIS
Loop0 001 Up Down 1500 L1/L2 --
GE0/0/0 002 Up Down 1497 L1/L2 No/No
GE0/0/1 001 Up Down 1497 L1/L2 No/No

e n
Configure IS-IS on R4.
/
[R4]isis 1
o m
[R4-isis-1]network-entity 49.0001.0000.0000.0004.00
[R4-isis-1]is-level level-1
e i.c
[R4-isis-1]quit
aw
u
.h
[R4]interface LoopBack 0

g
[R4-LoopBack0]isis enable
[R4-LoopBack0]quit

ni n
r
[R4]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

lea
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]isis enable

//
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

p :
t t
:h
On R4, check IS-IS enabling information on interfaces.
[R4]display isis interface
e s
r c
ou
Interface information for ISIS(1)

s
e
---------------------------------
Interface Id
R
IPV4.State IPV6.State MTU Type DIS

ing
Loop0 001 Up Down 1500 L1/L2 --

rn
GE0/0/0 001 Up Down 1497 L1/L2 No/No

e a
L
Configure IS-IS on R5.
e
o r
[R5]isis 1

M
[R5-isis-1]network-entity 49.0002.0000.0000.0005.00
[R5-isis-1]is-level level-2
[R5-isis-1]quit
[R5]interface LoopBack 0
[R5-LoopBack0]isis enable
[R5-LoopBack0]quit
[R5]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R5-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]isis enable
[R5-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 199


HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

On R5, check IS-IS enabling information on interfaces.


[R5]display isis interface

Interface information for ISIS(1)


---------------------------------
Interface Id IPV4.State IPV6.State MTU Type DIS

e n
/
Loop0 001 Up Down 1500 L1/L2 --

m
GE0/0/0 001 Up Down 1497 L1/L2 No/No

. o
c The
e i
After the configurations are complete, check IS-IS neighbor statuses of routers.
following example displays the IS-IS neighbor status of R1. R1 has three
aw neighbors:
R2, R3, and R5.
. hu
[R1]display isis peer
i n g
r n
Peer information for ISIS(1)

l e a
: //
tp
System Id Interface Circuit Id State HoldTime Type PRI

t
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

h
:
0000.0000.0005 GE0/0/0 0000.0000.0005.01 Up 7s L2 64
0000.0000.0003 GE0/0/1
e s
0000.0000.0001.02 Up 21s L2 64
0000.0000.0002 S1/0/0
r c0000000001 Up 28s L2 --

o u
Total Peer(s): 3

e s
R
i n g output, the System Id field is similar to the Router Id
In the preceding command

rn protocols. You can see that R2, R3, and R5 are in Up state. Their
field of other routing
a
L e relationships with R1 are normal.
IS-IS neighbor

r e to check IS-IS neighbor statuses of other devices.


Continue
o
M[R2]display isis peer

Peer information for ISIS(1)

System Id Interface Circuit Id State HoldTime Type PRI


----------------------------------------------------------------------------
0000.0000.0001 S1/0/0 0000000001 Up 22s L2 --
0000.0000.0003 GE0/0/0 0000.0000.0004.01 Up 24s L1(L1L2) 64

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 200


HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

0000.0000.0004 GE0/0/0 0000.0000.0004.01 Up 7s L1 64


0000.0000.0003 GE0/0/0 0000.0000.0002.01 Up 26s L2(L1L2) 64

Total Peer(s): 4

[R3]display isis peer

Peer information for ISIS(1)

e n
System Id Interface Circuit Id State HoldTime Type PRI
/
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
o m
i.c
0000.0000.0001 GE0/0/1 0000.0000.0001.02 Up 8s L2 64
0000.0000.0002 GE0/0/0
0000.0000.0004 GE0/0/0
0000.0000.0004.01 Up
0000.0000.0004.01 Up
30s
7s
L1(L1L2)
L1
w e 64
64
0000.0000.0002 GE0/0/0 0000.0000.0002.01 Up 9s L2(L1L2)
u a 64

g .h
n
Total Peer(s): 4

ni
r
lea
[R4]display isis peer

Peer information for ISIS(1)


: //
t t p
:h
System Id Interface Circuit Id State HoldTime Type PRI

s
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
0000.0000.0003 GE0/0/0

r c e
0000.0000.0004.01 Up 29s L1 64

ou
0000.0000.0002 GE0/0/0 0000.0000.0004.01 Up 23s L1 64

Total Peer(s): 2
es
R
n
[R5]display isis peer

i g
n
e ar Peer information for ISIS(1)

e L
System Id Interface Circuit Id State HoldTime Type PRI

or
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

M
0000.0000.0001 GE0/0/0 0000.0000.0005.01 Up 29s L2 64

Total Peer(s): 1

Step 3 Change the DIS priority.

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 201


HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

R2, R3, and R4 establish IS-IS neighbor relationships in a broadcast network.


Therefore, the DIS needs to be elected. By default, the DIS priority is 64. If these
routers have the same DIS priority, the router with the highest MAC address
becomes the DIS. To ensure that R4 becomes the DIS, change its DIS priority.
[R4]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]isis dis-priority 120
[R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit

e n
/
[R4]display isis interface

o m
Interface information for ISIS(1)
e i.c
---------------------------------

aw
u
Interface Id IPV4.State IPV6.State MTU Type DIS

.h
GE0/0/0 001 Up Down 1497 L1/L2 Yes/No
Loop0 001 Up Down
g
1500 L1/L2 –

i n
r n
Check DIS priorities of neighbors on R2 and R3.

// lea
[R2]display isis peer
p :
t t
:h
Peer information for ISIS(1)

e s
System Id Interface
r c
Circuit Id State HoldTime Type PRI

ou
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
0000.0000.0001 S1/0/0

es 0000000001 Up 29s L2 --

R
0000.0000.0003 GE0/0/0 0000.0000.0004.01 Up 25s L1(L1L2) 64

g
0000.0000.0004 GE0/0/0 0000.0000.0004.01 Up 8s L1 120

n i n
0000.0000.0003 GE0/0/0 0000.0000.0002.01 Up 20s L2(L1L2) 64

e ar
Total Peer(s): 4

e L
or
[R3]display isis peer

M Peer information for ISIS(1)

System Id Interface Circuit Id State HoldTime Type PRI


----------------------------------------------------------------------------
0000.0000.0001 GE0/0/1 0000.0000.0001.02 Up 8s L2 64
0000.0000.0002 GE0/0/0 0000.0000.0004.01 Up 22s L1(L1L2) 64
0000.0000.0004 GE0/0/0 0000.0000.0004.01 Up 7s L1 120
0000.0000.0002 GE0/0/0 0000.0000.0002.01 Up 8s L2(L1L2) 64

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 202


HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

Total Peer(s): 4

Step 4 Configure the IS-IS network type.

In a broadcast network, by default, an IS-IS router sets the circuit-type of interfaces


to broadcast and participates in DIS election. In the topology, the Ethernet between

e n
R1 and R5 has only two routers. You can set the circuit-type of interfaces between
/
the two routers to P2P for optimization.
o m
[R1]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]isis circuit-type p2p e i.c
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
aw
u
[R5]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
g .h
[R5-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]isis circuit-type p2p

ni n
[R5-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
r
// lea
:
During the change of the circuit-type, neighbor relationships are established again.
p
t t
Check the configuration. The Circuit Id field format changes and the Circuit

: h uses the display of R1 as an example.


s
Parameters field displays p2p. The following
e
[R1]display isis peer
r c
o u
e s
Peer information for ISIS(1)

R
System Id

i n g
Interface Circuit Id State HoldTime Type
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
PRI

a rn
0000.0000.0005 GE0/0/0 0000000002 Up 22s L2 --

L e
0000.0000.0003 GE0/0/1
0000.0000.0002 S1/0/0
0000.0000.0001.02
0000000001
Up
Up
27s
22s
L2
L2
64
--

r e
o
[R1]display isis interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0 verbose

M Interface information for ISIS(1)


---------------------------------
Interface Id IPV4.State IPV6.State MTU Type DIS
GE0/0/0 003 Up Down 1497 L1/L2 --
Circuit MT State : Standard
Circuit Parameters : p2p
Description : HUAWEI, AR Series, GigabitEthernet0/0/0 Interface

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SNPA Address : d0d0-4b03-d3fc


IP Address : 10.0.15.1
IPV6 Link Local Address :
IPV6 Global Address(es) :
Csnp Timer Value : L12 10
Hello Timer Value : 10
DIS Hello Timer Value :
Hello Multiplier Value : 3
Cost : L1 10 L2 10
e n
Ipv6 Cost : L1 10 L2 10
/
Retransmit Timer Value : L12 5
o m
i.c
LSP-Throttle Timer : L12 50
Bandwidth-Value
Static Bfd
: Low
: NO
100000000 High 0

w e
Dynamic Bfd : NO
u a
Fast-Sense Rpr : NO

g .h
n
Extended-Circuit-Id Value : 0000000003

ni
ar
l e
Step 5 Configure IS-IS to import external
: // routes.
p current route learning. The
Before importing external routes into IS-IS, tcheck
t
: h from R1 to R4 is load balanced
following command output shows that traffic
e s
between GE0/0/1 and S1/0/0.
r c
[R1]display isis route
o u
es
R
Route information for ISIS(1)

i n g-----------------------------

a rn ISIS(1) Level-2 Forwarding Table

L e --------------------------------

r e
o
IPV4 Destination IntCost ExtCost ExitInterface NextHop Flags
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
M10.0.4.4/32 20 NULL GE0/0/1
S1/0/0
10.0.13.3
10.0.12.2
A/-/-/-

10.0.5.5/32 10 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.15.5 A/-/-/-


10.0.12.0/24 10 NULL S1/0/0 Direct D/-/L/-
10.0.13.0/24 10 NULL GE0/0/1 Direct D/-/L/-
10.0.234.0/24 20 NULL S1/0/0 10.0.12.2 A/-/-/-
GE0/0/1 10.0.13.3
10.0.15.0/24 10 NULL GE0/0/0 Direct D/-/L/-

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10.0.1.1/32 0 NULL Loop0 Direct D/-/L/-


10.0.2.2/32 10 NULL S1/0/0 10.0.12.2 A/-/-/-
10.0.3.3/32 10 NULL GE0/0/1 10.0.13.3 A/-/-/-
Flags: D-Direct, A-Added to URT, L-Advertised in LSPs, S-IGP Shortcut,
U-Up/Down Bit Set

[R1]display ip routing-table protocol isis


Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
e n
Public routing table : ISIS
/
Destinations : 5 Routes : 7
o m
ISIS routing table status : <Active>
e i.c
Destinations : 5 Routes : 7

aw
u
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

g .h
10.0.2.2/32 ISIS-L2 15 10 D 10.0.12.2
ni n
Serial1/0/0

r
lea
10.0.3.3/32 ISIS-L2 15 10 D 10.0.13.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/1
10.0.4.4/32 ISIS-L2 15 20 D 10.0.13.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/1
ISIS-L2 15 20 D 10.0.12.2
: // Serial1/0/0
10.0.5.5/32 ISIS-L2 15 10 D
t p
10.0.15.5

t
GigabitEthernet0/0/0

:h
10.0.234.0/24 ISIS-L2 15 20 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

es
ISIS-L2 15 20 D 10.0.13.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/1

r c
ou
ISIS routing table status : <Inactive>
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

es
Rand so generates different routes for Level-1 and Level-2
i n g
R2 is a Level-1-2 router

n exists on R3.
routers. For Level-1 router, it generates a default route pointing to the null interface.
ralso
e a
This situation

e L
[R2]display isis route

o r
M Route information for ISIS(1)
-----------------------------

ISIS(1) Level-1 Forwarding Table


--------------------------------

IPV4 Destination IntCost ExtCost ExitInterface NextHop Flags


----------------------------------------------------------------------------
0.0.0.0/0 10 NULL

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10.0.4.4/32 10 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.234.4 A/-/L/-


10.0.12.0/24 10 NULL S1/0/0 Direct D/-/L/-
10.0.13.0/24 20 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.234.3 A/-/L/-
10.0.234.0/24 10 NULL GE0/0/0 Direct D/-/L/-
10.0.2.2/32 0 NULL Loop0 Direct D/-/L/-
10.0.3.3/32 10 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.234.3 A/-/L/-
Flags: D-Direct, A-Added to URT, L-Advertised in LSPs, S-IGP Shortcut,
U-Up/Down Bit Set

e n
ISIS(1) Level-2 Forwarding Table
/
--------------------------------
o m
IPV4 Destination IntCost ExtCost ExitInterface NextHop Flags
e i.c
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

aw
10.0.4.4/32 20 NULL
u
10.0.5.5/32 20 NULL S1/0/0 10.0.12.1

g .h
A/-/-/-

n
10.0.12.0/24 10 NULL S1/0/0 Direct D/-/L/-
10.0.13.0/24 20 NULL
ni
r
lea
10.0.234.0/24 10 NULL GE0/0/0 Direct D/-/L/-
10.0.15.0/24 20 NULL S1/0/0 10.0.12.1 A/-/-/-
10.0.1.1/32 10 NULL S1/0/0
: //
10.0.12.1 A/-/-/-
10.0.2.2/32 0 NULL Loop0

t t p Direct D/-/L/-

:h
10.0.3.3/32 10 NULL

s
Flags: D-Direct, A-Added to URT, L-Advertised in LSPs, S-IGP Shortcut,

c e
U-Up/Down Bit Set

r
ou
[R2]display ip routing-table protocol isis
s
Re
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

n g
Public routing table : ISIS

i
n
Destinations : 6 Routes : 6

e ar
L
ISIS routing table status : <Active>

e Destinations : 6 Routes : 6

or
M
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.1/32 ISIS-L2 15 10 D 10.0.12.1 Serial1/0/0


10.0.3.3/32 ISIS-L1 15 10 D 10.0.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.4.4/32 ISIS-L1 15 10 D 10.0.234.4 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.5.5/32 ISIS-L2 15 20 D 10.0.12.1 Serial1/0/0
10.0.13.0/24 ISIS-L1 5 20 D 10.0.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.15.0/24 ISIS-L2 15 20 D 10.0.12.1 Serial1/0/0

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ISIS routing table status : <Inactive>


Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

[R3]display isis route

Route information for ISIS(1)


-----------------------------

ISIS(1) Level-1 Forwarding Table


e n
--------------------------------
/
o m
i.c
IPV4 Destination IntCost ExtCost ExitInterface NextHop Flags
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
0.0.0.0/0 10 NULL
w e
10.0.4.4/32 10 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.234.4
u a
A/-/L/-
10.0.12.0/24 20 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.234.2

g .h
A/-/L/-

n
10.0.13.0/24 10 NULL GE0/0/1 Direct D/-/L/-
10.0.234.0/24 10 NULL GE0/0/0 Direct
ni D/-/L/-

r
lea
10.0.2.2/32 10 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.234.2 A/-/L/-
10.0.3.3/32 0 NULL Loop0 Direct D/-/L/-

: //
Flags: D-Direct, A-Added to URT, L-Advertised in LSPs, S-IGP Shortcut,
U-Up/Down Bit Set

t t p
s :h
ISIS(1) Level-2 Forwarding Table

c e
--------------------------------

r
IPV4 Destination IntCost
s ou
ExtCost ExitInterface NextHop Flags

10.0.4.4/32 20 e
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

R NULL
10.0.5.5/32

i n
20
g NULL GE0/0/1 10.0.13.1 A/-/-/-
10.0.12.0/24
n 20 NULL
10.0.13.0/24
ar 10 NULL GE0/0/1 Direct D/-/L/-

Le
10.0.234.0/24 10 NULL GE0/0/0 Direct D/-/L/-

re
10.0.15.0/24 20 NULL GE0/0/1 10.0.13.1 A/-/-/-

o
10.0.1.1/32 10 NULL GE0/0/1 10.0.13.1 A/-/-/-

M
10.0.2.2/32
10.0.3.3/32
10
0
NULL
NULL Loop0 Direct D/-/L/-
Flags: D-Direct, A-Added to URT, L-Advertised in LSPs, S-IGP Shortcut,
U-Up/Down Bit Set

[R3]display ip routing-table protocol isis


Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : ISIS

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 207


HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

Destinations : 6 Routes : 6

ISIS routing table status : <Active>


Destinations : 6 Routes : 6

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.1/32 ISIS-L2 15 10 D 10.0.13.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/1


10.0.2.2/32 ISIS-L1 15 10 D 10.0.234.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
e n
10.0.4.4/32 ISIS-L1 15 10 D 10.0.234.4 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
/
10.0.5.5/32 ISIS-L2 15 20 D 10.0.13.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/1
o m
i.c
10.0.12.0/24 ISIS-L1 15 20 D 10.0.234.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.15.0/24 ISIS-L2 15 20 D 10.0.13.1
e
GigabitEthernet0/0/1

w
ISIS routing table status : <Inactive>
u a
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

g .h
i n
n relationships with Level-1
r
R4 is a Level-1 router and can only establish IS-IS neighbor
a router cannot learn
or Level-1-2 routers in the same area. By default, a e
routing information of Level-2 routers and can :only
l Level-1
// access external networks
t
through default routes. The following command tp output shows that R4 has two
: hthe two routes work in load balancing
s
default routes pointing to R2 and R3, and
e
mode.
r c
o u
s
[R4]display isis route

R eRoute information for ISIS(1)

i n g -----------------------------

a rn ISIS(1) Level-1 Forwarding Table

L e --------------------------------

r e
o
IPV4 Destination IntCost ExtCost ExitInterface NextHop Flags

M----------------------------------------------------------------------------
0.0.0.0/0 10 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.234.3 A/-/-/-
GE0/0/0 10.0.234.2
10.0.4.4/32 0 NULL Loop0 Direct D/-/L/-
10.0.12.0/24 20 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.234.2 A/-/-/-
10.0.13.0/24 20 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.234.3 A/-/-/-
10.0.234.0/24 10 NULL GE0/0/0 Direct D/-/L/-
10.0.2.2/32 10 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.234.2 A/-/-/-
10.0.3.3/3 10 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.234.3 A/-/-/-

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 208


HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

Flags: D-Direct, A-Added to URT, L-Advertised in LSPs, S-IGP Shortcut,


U-Up/Down Bit Set

[R4]display ip routing protocol isis


Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : ISIS
Destinations : 5 Routes : 6

e n
ISIS routing table status : <Active>
/
Destinations : 5 Routes : 6
o m
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface
e i.c
aw
0.0.0.0/0 ISIS-L1 15 10 D 10.0.234.3
u
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
ISIS-L1 15 10 D 10.0.234.2
.h
GigabitEthernet0/0/0

g
n
10.0.2.2/32 ISIS-L1 15 10 D 10.0.234.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.3.3/32 ISIS-L1 15 10 D 10.0.234.3
ni
GigabitEthernet0/0/0

r
lea
10.0.12.0/24 ISIS-L1 15 20 D 10.0.234.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.13.0/24 ISIS-L1 15 20 D 10.0.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

: //
ISIS routing table status : <Inactive>

t t p
:h
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

e s
Before configuring IS-IS to importcexternal routes, check route learning.
ur
[R5]display isis route
s o
Re
g
Route information for ISIS(1)

i n -----------------------------

a rn
e
ISIS(1) Level-2 Forwarding Table

e L --------------------------------

o r
IPV4 Destination IntCost ExtCost ExitInterface NextHop Flags

M----------------------------------------------------------------------------10.0.4.4/32
30 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.15.1 A/-/-/-
10.0.5.5/32 0 NULL Loop0 Direct D/-/L/-
10.0.12.0/24 20 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.15.1 A/-/-/-
10.0.13.0/24 20 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.15.1 A/-/-/-
10.0.234.0/24 30 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.15.1 A/-/-/-
10.0.15.0/24 10 NULL GE0/0/0 Direct D/-/L/-
10.0.1.1/32 10 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.15.1 A/-/-/-

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10.0.2.2/32 20 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.15.1 A/-/-/-


10.0.3.3/32 20 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.15.1 A/-/-/-
Flags: D-Direct, A-Added to URT, L-Advertised in LSPs, S-IGP Shortcut,
U-Up/Down Bit Set

[R5]display ip routing-table protocol isis


Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : ISIS
e n
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7
/
o m
i.c
ISIS routing table status : <Active>
Destinations : 7 Routes : 7

w e
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop
u
Interfacea
g .h
n
10.0.1.1/32 ISIS-L2 15 10 D 10.0.15.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.2.2/32 ISIS-L2 15 20 D 10.0.15.1
ni
GigabitEthernet0/0/0

r
lea
10.0.3.3/32 ISIS-L2 15 20 D 10.0.15.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.4.4/32 ISIS-L2 15 30 D 10.0.15.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.12.0/24 ISIS-L2 15 20 D 10.0.15.1
: // GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.13.0/24 ISIS-L2 15 20 D
t p
10.0.15.1

t
GigabitEthernet0/0/0

:h
10.0.234.0/24 ISIS-L2 15 30 D 10.0.15.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

e s
c
ISIS routing table status : <Inactive>

r
ou
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

e s
Create new loopback interfaces on R5 and import direct routes into the Level-2
R 1.
routing table in IS-IS process

i n g
rn
[R5]interface LoopBack 1

a
[R5-LoopBack1]ip address 192.168.1.1 24

e
[R5-LoopBack1]quit

L
e
[R5]interface LoopBack 2

o r
[R5-LoopBack2]ip address 192.168.2.1 24
[R5-LoopBack2]quit
M[R5]interface LoopBack 3
[R5-LoopBack3]ip address 192.168.3.1 24
[R5-LoopBack3]quit
[R5]isis
[R5-isis-1]import-route direct level-2
[R5-isis-1]quit

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

Check IS-IS routes of R5.


[R5]display isis route

Route information for ISIS(1)


-----------------------------

ISIS(1) Level-2 Forwarding Table


--------------------------------

e n
/
IPV4 Destination IntCost ExtCost ExitInterface NextHop Flags

o m
i.c
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
10.0.4.4/32
10.0.5.5/32
30
0
NULL
NULL
GE0/0/0
Loop0
10.0.15.1
Direct
A/-/-/-

w
D/-/L/- e
10.0.12.0/24 20 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.15.1
u a
A/-/-/-

.h
10.0.13.0/24 20 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.15.1 A/-/-/-
10.0.234.0/24 30 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.15.1

i n g A/-/-/-

n
10.0.15.0/24 10 NULL GE0/0/0 Direct D/-/L/-

r
lea
10.0.1.1/32 10 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.15.1 A/-/-/-
10.0.2.2/32 20 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.15.1 A/-/-/-
10.0.3.3/32 20 NULL GE0/0/0
: //
10.0.15.1 A/-/-/-

t p
Flags: D-Direct, A-Added to URT, L-Advertised in LSPs, S-IGP Shortcut,

t
:h
U-Up/Down Bit Set

e s
ISIS(1) Level-2 Redistribute Table

r c
----------------------------------

s ou
Type IPV4 Destination

ReIntCost ExtCost Tag


----------------------------------------------------------------------------

ing
D 192.168.1.0/24 0 0

rn
D 192.168.2.0/24 0 0

a
D 192.168.3.0/24 0 0

L e
e
Type: D-Direct, I-ISIS, S-Static, O-OSPF, B-BGP, R-RIP, U-UNR

o r
MCheck the IS-IS routing table of R4 again. No changes are found. This is because
Level-2 routes are not leaked into Level-1 routers by default. R4 can access
192.168.1.0/24, 192.168.2.0/24, and 192.168.3.0/24 through default routes.
[R4]display ip routing-table protocol isis
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : ISIS

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

Destinations : 5 Routes : 6

ISIS routing table status : <Active>


Destinations : 5 Routes : 6

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

0.0.0.0/0 ISIS-L1 15 10 D 10.0.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0


ISIS-L1 15 10 D 10.0.234.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
e n
10.0.2.2/32 ISIS-L1 15 10 D 10.0.234.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
/
10.0.3.3/32 ISIS-L1 15 10 D 10.0.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
o m
i.c
10.0.12.0/24 ISIS-L1 15 20 D 10.0.234.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.13.0/24 ISIS-L1 15 20 D 10.0.234.3
e
GigabitEthernet0/0/0

w
ISIS routing table status : <Inactive>
u a
Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

g .h
[R4]ping -c 1 192.168.1.1
ni n
r
lea
PING 192.168.1.1: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 192.168.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=253 time=14 ms

: //
--- 192.168.1.1 ping statistics ---

t t p
:h
1 packet(s) transmitted

s
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss

r c e
ou
round-trip min/avg/max = 14/14/14 ms

[R4]ping -c 1 192.168.2.1
es
PING 192.168.2.1: 56
R
data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

n g
Reply from 192.168.2.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=253 time=13 ms

i
n
ar
--- 192.168.2.1 ping statistics ---

e
L
1 packet(s) transmitted

e
1 packet(s) received

or0.00% packet loss

M round-trip min/avg/max = 13/13/13 ms

[R4]ping -c 1 192.168.3.1
PING 192.168.3.1: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 192.168.3.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=253 time=1 ms

--- 192.168.3.1 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 212


HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

0.00% packet loss


round-trip min/avg/max = 1/1/1 ms

Step 6 Change the IS-IS interface cost.

By default, the IS-IS interface cost is 10, which is not automatically calculated based
on the bandwidth. For R1, traffic destined for R4 is load balanced between R2 and R3.

e n
R1 and R2 are connected using Serial interfaces, which have low bandwidth and are
/
prone to bandwidth bottlenecks. Therefore, you can change the IS-IS interface cost
o m
to control route selection of R1.
i . c
Increase the outbound interface cost. w e
a
[R1]interface Serial 1/0/0
. hu
[R1-Serial1/0/0]isis cost 15
[R1-Serial1/0/0]quit
i n g
r n
[R1]display isis route
l e a
: //
tp
Route information for ISIS(1)

ht
-----------------------------

s :
r c e
ISIS(1) Level-2 Forwarding Table
--------------------------------

o u
IPV4 Destination
e s
IntCost ExtCost ExitInterface NextHop Flags

R
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
10.0.4.4/32

i n g
20 NULL GE0/0/1 10.0.13.3 A/-/-/-

rn
10.0.5.5/32 10 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.15.5 A/-/-/-

a
192.168.1.0/24 10 0 GE0/0/0 10.0.15.5 A/-/-/-

L e
10.0.12.0/24 15 NULL S1/0/0 Direct D/-/L/-

e
192.168.2.0/24 10 0 GE0/0/0 10.0.15.5 A/-/-/-

o r
10.0.13.0/24
192.168.3.0/24
10
10
NULL
0
GE0/0/1
GE0/0/0
Direct
10.0.15.5
D/-/L/-
A/-/-/-
M10.0.234.0/24
10.0.15.0/24
20
10
NULL
NULL
GE0/0/1
GE0/0/0
10.0.13.3
Direct
A/-/-/-
D/-/L/-
10.0.1.1/32 0 NULL Loop0 Direct D/-/L/-
10.0.2.2/32 15 NULL S1/0/0 10.0.12.2 A/-/-/-
10.0.3.3/32 10 NULL GE0/0/1 10.0.13.3 A/-/-/-
Flags: D-Direct, A-Added to URT, L-Advertised in LSPs, S-IGP Shortcut,
U-Up/Down Bit Set

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

The preceding command output shows that traffic from R1 to R4 is forwarded


through Ethernet interfaces.

Step 7 Configure IS-IS route leaking.

Observe data forwarding on R4. R4 does not know Level-2 network information and
forwards data to R2 and R3 for load balancing. If you do not want R4 to use the link
between R2 and R1, configure route leaking to import Level-2 routes into Level-1.
e n
/
According to the longest match principle, R3 forwards packets destined for R5.
o m
Before performing a tracert operation, enable interface unreachable response
i . c on R5.
w e
By default, interface unreachable response is disabled. If it is disabled, the last hop
will expire.
u a
. h
Before interface unreachable response is enabled:
i n g
[R4]tracert 192.168.1.1
r n
traceroute to
e a
192.168.1.1(192.168.1.1), max hops: 30 ,packet length: 40,press CTRL_C to break
l
1 10.0.234.2 2 ms 10.0.234.3 2 ms 10.0.234.2 2 ms
: //
tp
2 10.0.13.1 11 ms 10.0.12.1 9 ms 10.0.13.1 11 ms
3 * * *

h t
:
sis enabled on R5:
r c
After interface unreachable responsee
o u
s
[R5]icmp port-unreachable send

[R4]tracert 192.168.1.1
R e
traceroute to
n g
192.168.1.1(192.168.1.1), max hops: 30 ,packet length: 40,press CTRL_C to break

i
rn
1 10.0.234.2 2 ms 10.0.234.3 2 ms 10.0.234.2 2 ms

a
2 10.0.13.1 2 ms 10.0.12.1 9 ms 10.0.13.1 1 ms

e
e L
3 192.168.1.1 8 ms 1 ms 9 ms

r
o preceding command output shows that tracert packets sent each time are load
The
Mbalanced between two next-hop addresses and then reach R5. You can enable route
leaking on R3 to make R3 become the preferred next hop.
[R3]isis
[R3-isis-1]import-route isis level-2 into level-1
[R3-isis-1]quit

[R4]display isis route

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 214


HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

Route information for ISIS(1)


-----------------------------

ISIS(1) Level-1 Forwarding Table


--------------------------------

IPV4 Destination IntCost ExtCost ExitInterface NextHop Flags


----------------------------------------------------------------------------
e n
0.0.0.0/0 10 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.234.3 A/-/-/-
/
GE0/0/0 10.0.234.2
o m
i.c
10.0.4.4/32 0 NULL Loop0 Direct D/-/L/-
10.0.5.5/32
192.168.1.0/24
30
10
NULL
20
GE0/0/0
GE0/0/0
10.0.234.3
10.0.234.3
A/-/-/U

w
A/-/-/Ue
10.0.12.0/24 20 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.234.2
u a
A/-/-/-
192.168.2.0/24 10 20 GE0/0/0 10.0.234.3

g .h
A/-/-/U

n
10.0.13.0/24 20 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.234.3 A/-/-/-
192.168.3.0/24 10 20 GE0/0/0
n
10.0.234.3
i A/-/-/U

r
lea
10.0.234.0/24 10 NULL GE0/0/0 Direct D/-/L/-
10.0.15.0/24 30 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.234.3 A/-/-/U
10.0.1.1/32 20 NULL GE0/0/0
: //
10.0.234.3 A/-/-/U
10.0.2.2/32 10 NULL GE0/0/0

t t p 10.0.234.2 A/-/-/-

:h
10.0.3.3/32 10 NULL GE0/0/0 10.0.234.3 A/-/-/-

s
Flags: D-Direct, A-Added to URT, L-Advertised in LSPs, S-IGP Shortcut,

c e
U-Up/Down Bit Set

r
ou
[R4]display ip routing-table protocol isis
s
Re
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

n g
Public routing table : ISIS

i
n
Destinations : 11 Routes : 12

e ar
L
ISIS routing table status : <Active>

e Destinations : 11 Routes : 12

or
M
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

0.0.0.0/0 ISIS-L1 15 10 D 10.0.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0


ISIS-L1 15 10 D 10.0.234.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.1.1/32 ISIS-L1 15 20 D 10.0.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.2.2/32 ISIS-L1 15 10 D 10.0.234.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.3.3/32 ISIS-L1 15 10 D 10.0.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.5.5/32 ISIS-L1 15 30 D 10.0.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.12.0/24 ISIS-L1 15 20 D 10.0.234.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

10.0.13.0/24 ISIS-L1 15 20 D 10.0.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0


10.0.15.0/24 ISIS-L1 15 30 D 10.0.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
192.168.1.0/24 ISIS-L1 15 94 D 10.0.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
192.168.2.0/24 ISIS-L1 15 94 D 10.0.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
192.168.3.0/24 ISIS-L1 15 94 D 10.0.234.3 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

ISIS routing table status : <Inactive>


Destinations : 0 Routes : 0

e n
[R4]tracert 192.168.1.1
/
traceroute to
o m
192.168.1.1(192.168.1.1), max hops: 30 ,packet length: 40,press CTRL_C to break

i.c
1 10.0.234.3 2 ms 1 ms 1 ms
2 10.0.13.1 2 ms
3 192.168.1.1 1 ms
2 ms 2 ms
1 ms 2 ms
w e
u a
. h
i n g
The preceding tracert operation proves the impact of route leaking on IS-IS route
selection.
r n
----End
l e a
: //
Device Configurations t tp
: h
<R1>display current-configuration

e s
c
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
ur
sysname R1
s o
#
isis 1 Re
is-level level-2
i n g
rn
network-entity 49.0002.0000.0000.0001.00
#

e a
L
interface Serial1/0/0

e
r
link-protocol ppp

o
ip address 10.0.12.1 255.255.255.0

M isis enable 1
isis cost 15
#
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
ip address 10.0.15.1 255.255.255.0
isis enable 1
isis circuit-type p2p
#
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

ip address 10.0.13.1 255.255.255.0


isis enable 1
#
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.1.1 255.255.255.255
isis enable 1
#
return

e n
<R2>display current-configuration
/
[V200R007C00SPC600]
o m
i.c
#
sysname R2
#
w e
isis 1
u a
network-entity 49.0001.0000.0000.0002.00

g .h
n
#
interface Serial1/0/0
ni
r
lea
link-protocol ppp
ip address 10.0.12.2 255.255.255.0
isis enable 1
: //
#

t t p
:h
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0

s
ip address 10.0.234.2 255.255.255.0
isis enable 1

r c e
ou
#
interface LoopBack0

es
ip address 10.0.2.2 255.255.255.255
isis enable 1
R
#

i n g
return
n
e ar
L
<R3>display current-configuration

e
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
or
M
sysname R3
#
isis 1
network-entity 49.0001.0000.0000.0003.00
import-route isis level-2 into level-1
#
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
ip address 10.0.234.3 255.255.255.0
isis enable 1

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 217


HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

#
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1
ip address 10.0.13.3 255.255.255.0
isis enable 1
#
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.3.3 255.255.255.255
isis enable 1
#
e n
return
/
o m
i.c
<R4>display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
w e
sysname R4
u a
#

g .h
n
isis 1
is-level level-1
ni
r
lea
network-entity 49.0001.0000.0000.0004.00
#
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
: //
ip address 10.0.234.4 255.255.255.0

t t p
:h
isis enable 1

s
isis dis-priority 120
#

r c e
ou
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.4.4 255.255.255.255
isis enable 1
es
#
R
return

i n g
n
ar
<R5>display current-configuration

e
L
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
e
or
sysname R5

M
#
icmp port-unreachable send
#
isis 1
is-level level-2
network-entity 49.0002.0000.0000.0005.00
import-route direct
#
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 218


HCNP-IERS Chapter 2 IS-IS Features and Configurations

ip address 10.0.15.5 255.255.255.0


isis enable 1
isis circuit-type p2p
#
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.5.5 255.255.255.255
isis enable 1
#
interface LoopBack1
e n
ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0
/
#
o m
i.c
interface LoopBack2
ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0
#
w e
interface LoopBack3
u a
ip address 192.168.3.1 255.255.255.0

g .h
n
#
return
ni
r
//lea
p :
t t
s:h
r c e
sou
Re
i n g
n
e ar
e L
or
M

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 219


HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

Lab 3-1 IBGP and EBGP

Learning Objectives

The objectives of this lab are to learn and understand:


e n
/
 How to configure IBGP
o m
 How to configure BGP in multiple areas
e i.c
 How to check the BGP neighbor table and database
a w
How to configure a BGP source address for initiating auconnection

. h
How to configure EBGP multihop g
inEBGP routes

r
How to observe next-hop changes in IBGP and n
How to configure a next hop in IBGP le
a
// in BGP

:

t tp
How to configure the network command

: h
Topology
e s
r c
o u
es
R
i n g
a rn
L e
r e
o
M
Figure 4-1 IBGP and EBGP

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 220


HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

Scenario

You are a network administrator of a company. The company’s network uses BGP as
the routing protocol. This network consists of multiple autonomous systems (ASs).
Different branches use different AS numbers. You need to build this network. OSPF is
used in the headquarters as an IGP. Different branches in the company use private
BGP AS numbers. After building the network, you still need to observe BGP routing
e n
information transmission. /
o m
Tasks
e i.c
Step 1 Set basic parameters and configure IP addresses.aw

Configure IP addresses and masks for all the routers. The mask.of huIP addresses for
Loopback1 of R4 and R5 is 24 bits, which is used to simulatei n ga user network.
r n
<R1>system-view

l e a
//
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.

:
tp
[R1]interface Serial 1/0/0
[R1-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.12.1 24

ht
:
[R1-Serial1/0/0]quit
[R1]interface Serial 3/0/0
e s
r c
[R1-Serial3/0/0]ip address 10.0.14.1 24
[R1-Serial3/0/0]quit
o u
[R1]interface LoopBack 0

es
R
[R1-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.1.1 32
[R1-LoopBack0]quit

i n g
rn
<R2>system-view

a
L e
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R2]interface Serial 1/0/0

r e
[R2-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.12.2 24

o
[R2-Serial1/0/0]quit

M[R2]interface Serial 2/0/0


[R2-Serial2/0/0]ip address 10.0.23.2 24
[R2-Serial2/0/0]quit
[R2]interface LoopBack 0
[R2-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.2.2 32

<R3>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 221


HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

[R3]interface Serial 2/0/0


[R3-Serial2/0/0]ip address 10.0.23.3 24
[R3-Serial2/0/0]quit
[R3]interface Serial 3/0/0
[R3-Serial3/0/0]ip address 10.0.35.3 24
[R3-Serial3/0/0]quit
[R3]interface LoopBack 0
[R3-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.3.3 32

e n
<R4>system-view
/
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
o m
i.c
[R4]interface Serial 1/0/0
[R4-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.14.4 24
[R4-Serial1/0/0]quit
w e
[R3]interface LoopBack 0
u a
[R4-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.4.4 32

g .h
<R5>system-view
ni n
r
lea
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[R5]interface Serial 1/0/0
[R5-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.35.5 24
: //
[R5-Serial1/0/0]quit

t t p
:h
[R3]interface LoopBack 0

s
[R5-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.5.5 32

r c e
Test direct link connectivity. u
s o
Re
<R1>ping -c 1 10.0.12.2

g
PING 10.0.12.2: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

i n
Reply from 10.0.12.2: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=34 ms

a rn
e
--- 10.0.12.2 ping statistics ---

L
1 packet(s) transmitted

e
o r
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss

M round-trip min/avg/max = 34/34/34 ms

<R1>ping -c 1 10.0.14.4
PING 10.0.14.4: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.0.14.4: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=40 ms

--- 10.0.14.4 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 40/40/40 ms

<R3>ping -c 1 10.0.23.2
PING 10.0.23.2: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.0.23.2: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=33 ms

--- 10.0.23.2 ping statistics ---


e n
1 packet(s) transmitted
/
1 packet(s) received
o m
i.c
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 33/33/33 ms

w e
<R3>ping -c 1 10.0.35.5
u a
PING 10.0.35.5: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

g .h
n
Reply from 10.0.35.5: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=35 ms

ni
r
lea
--- 10.0.35.5 ping statistics ---
1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
: //
0.00% packet loss

t t p
:h
round-trip min/avg/max = 35/35/35 ms

e s
r c that direct link connectivity is normal.
The preceding command output shows

o u
Step 2 Configure an IGP
e s in an AS.
Use OSPF as an IGPg
R
in AS 64512 and advertise the network segment connected to
i n
n Run OSPF on the network segment connected to S1/0/0 of R1.
Loopback0 into OSPF.
a r
L e
[R1]router id 10.0.1.1
[R1]ospf 1
e
or
[R1-ospf-1]area 0
[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.12.1 0.0.0.0

M[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.1.1 0.0.0.0


[R1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[R1-ospf-1]quit

Run OSPF on the network segments connected to S1/0/0 and S2/0/0 of R2.
[R2]router id 10.0.2.2
[R2]ospf 1

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

[R2-ospf-1]area 0
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.12.2 0.0.0.0
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.23.2 0.0.0.0
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.2.2 0.0.0.0
[R2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[R2-ospf-1]quit

Run OSPF on the network segment connected to S2/0/0 of R3.


e n
/
m
[R3]router id 10.0.3.3
[R3]ospf 1
o
[R3-ospf-1]area 0
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.23.3 0.0.0.0
e i.c
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 10.0.3.3 0.0.0.0
aw
u
.h
[R3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit

g
[R3-ospf-1]quit

ni n
When configuring the network command, use the e
r
a mask 0.0.0.0.
l wildcard

After the configurations are complete, check p :// OSPF neighbor relationships
t t whether
are established.
: h
[R2]display ospf peer
e s
r c
o u
OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 10.0.2.2

e
Neighbors s
R
n g
Area 0.0.0.0 interface 10.0.12.2(Serial1/0/0)'s neighbors

i
rn
Router ID: 10.0.1.1 Address: 10.0.12.1

a
State: Full Mode:Nbr is Slave Priority: 1

L e
DR: None BDR: None MTU: 0

e
Dead timer due in 37 sec

o r
Retrans timer interval: 5

M
Neighbor is up for 00:01:05
Authentication Sequence: [ 0 ]

Neighbors

Area 0.0.0.0 interface 10.0.23.2(Serial2/0/0)'s neighbors


Router ID: 10.0.3.3 Address: 10.0.23.3
State: Full Mode:Nbr is Master Priority: 1
DR: None BDR: None MTU: 0

HC Series HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES 224


HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

Dead timer due in 33 sec


Retrans timer interval: 5
Neighbor is up for 00:00:19
Authentication Sequence: [ 0 ]

Check the IP routing table of each router. Check whether these routers can learn
routes to the network segments connected to loopback interfaces of the peer device.

e n
[R1]display ip routing-table
/
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

o m
i.c
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

e
Routing Tables: Public

w
Destinations : 15 Routes : 15

u a
.h
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1


i n g
LoopBack0
10.0.2.2/32 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.12.2
r n
Serial1/0/0

lea
10.0.3.3/32 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

://
10.0.12.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.12.1 Serial1/0/0

tp
10.0.12.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial1/0/0

t
:h
10.0.12.2/32 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.12.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial1/0/0
10.0.14.0/24 Direct 0 0
e s D 10.0.14.1 Serial3/0/0
10.0.14.1/32 Direct 0 0
r c D 127.0.0.1 Serial3/0/0

ou
10.0.14.4/32 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.14.4 Serial3/0/0
10.0.14.255/32 Direct 0
es 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial3/0/0
10.0.23.0/24 OSPF
R 10 3124 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

ing
127.0.0.0/8 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

n
127.0.0.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

ar
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

Le
255.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

r e
[R2]display ip routing-table
o
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
M
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public
Destinations : 15 Routes : 15

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.1/32 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.12.1 Serial1/0/0


10.0.2.2/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

10.0.3.3/32 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0


10.0.12.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.12.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.12.1 Serial1/0/0
10.0.12.2/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial1/0/0
10.0.12.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial1/0/0
10.0.23.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.0.23.2/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial2/0/0
10.0.23.3/32 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.0.23.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial2/0/0
e n
127.0.0.0/8 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
/
127.0.0.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
o m
i.c
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
255.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

w e
[R3]display ip routing-table
u a
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

g .h
n
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public
ni
r
lea
Destinations : 16 Routes : 16

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost


: //
Flags NextHop Interface

t t p
:h
10.0.1.1/32 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0

es
10.0.2.2/32 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0

c
10.0.3.3/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0

r
ou
10.0.12.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.0.23.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.0.23.2/32 Direct 0
es 0 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.0.23.3/32
R
Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial2/0/0
10.0.23.255/32

i n g
Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial2/0/0
10.0.35.0/24
n Direct 0 0 D 10.0.35.3 Serial3/0/0

ar
10.0.35.3/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial3/0/0

Le
10.0.35.5/32 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.35.5 Serial3/0/0

re
10.0.35.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial3/0/0

o 127.0.0.0/8 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

M 127.0.0.1/32 Direct 0
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0
0
0
D
D
127.0.0.1
127.0.0.1
InLoopBack0
InLoopBack0
255.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

The IP routing tables of R1, R2, and R3 show that each router can learn routes to the
network segment connected to Loopback0 of the other two routers.

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

Step 3 Configure IBGP peers.

Configure IBGP full mesh on R1, R2, and R3. Use Loopback0 address as a source
address.
[R1]bgp 64512
[R1-bgp]peer 10.0.2.2 as-number 64512
[R1-bgp]peer 10.0.2.2 connect-interface LoopBack 0
[R1-bgp]peer 10.0.3.3 as-number 64512
e n
/
m
[R1-bgp]peer 10.0.3.3 connect-interface LoopBack 0
[R1-bgp]quit
o
[R2]bgp 64512
e i.c
[R2-bgp]peer 10.0.1.1 as-number 64512
aw
[R2-bgp]peer 10.0.1.1 connect-interface loopback 0
u
[R2-bgp]peer 10.0.3.3 as-number 64512
g .h
[R2-bgp]peer 10.0.3.3 connect-interface LoopBack 0

ni n
r
[R2-bgp]quit

[R3]bgp 64512
//lea
[R3-bgp]peer 10.0.1.1 as-number 64512
p :
t t
[R3-bgp]peer 10.0.1.1 connect-interface loopback 0

:h
[R3-bgp]peer 10.0.2.2 as-number 64512

s
[R3-bgp]peer 10.0.2.2 connect-interface LoopBack 0

e
[R3-bgp]quit
r c
s ou
e
Run the display tcp status command to check the TCP port connection status.
R
[R2]display tcp status
TCPCB
i n g
Tid/Soid Local Add:port Foreign Add:port VPNID State
n
ar
37a32f14 76 /1 0.0.0.0:80 0.0.0.0:0 23553 Listening

Le
37a33b34 239/2 0.0.0.0:179 10.0.1.1:0 0 Listening
39052914 239/6 0.0.0.0:179 10.0.3.3:0 0 Listening

r e
37a3321c 76 /3 0.0.0.0:443 0.0.0.0:0 23553 Listening
o
39052c1c 239/11 10.0.2.2:179 10.0.3.3:54086 0 Established

M
3905260c 239/5 10.0.2.2:61635 10.0.1.1:179 0 Established

The preceding command output shows that the Local Add field displays 10.0.2.2
(Loopback0 address of R2) and port number is 179 (TCP port number of BGP). The
neighbor state with 10.0.3.3 and 10.0.1.1 is Established, indicating that R2 has
established a TCP connection with R1 and R3.

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Run the display bgp peer command to check BGP peer relationships of routers.
[R1]display bgp peer

BGP local router ID : 10.0.1.1


Local AS number : 64512
Total number of peers : 2 Peers in established state : 2

Peer V AS MsgRcvd MsgSent OutQ Up/Down State PrefRcv

e n
/
10.0.2.2 4 64512 273 277 0 02:15:53 Established 0

o m
i.c
10.0.3.3 4 64512 276 276 0 02:15:53 Established 0

[R2]display bgp peer


w e
u a
.h
BGP local router ID : 10.0.2.2
Local AS number : 64512

i n g
n
Total number of peers : 2 Peers in established state : 2

r
lea
Peer V AS MsgRcvd MsgSent OutQ Up/Down State PrefRcv

: //
10.0.1.1 4 64512 38 38

t t p
0 00:18:02 Established 0

:h
10.0.3.3 4 64512 1000 1000 0 16:38:38 Established 0

[R3]display bgp peer


e s
r c
BGP local router ID : 10.0.3.3

s ou
Local AS number : 64512
Total number of peers : 2
Re Peers in established state : 2

i n g
n
Peer V AS MsgRcvd MsgSent OutQ Up/Down State PrefRcv

ar
Le
10.0.1.1 4 64512 39 39 0 00:18:35 Established 0

e
10.0.2.2 4 64512 1001 1001 0 16:39:11 Established 0

o r
MThe preceding command output shows that BGP peer relationships between R1, R2,
and R3 are in Established state, indicating that BGP peer relationships have been
established.

On R1, run the timer command in the BGP process to change the Keepalive time to
30s and hold time to 90s. Check whether the BGP peer relationship between R1 and

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

R2 is established and run the display bgp peer verbose command to check the
negotiation interval after the BGP peer relationship is established.
[R1-bgp] bgp 64512
[R1-bgp] timer keepalive 30 hold 90
Warning: Changing the parameter in this command resets the peer session. Continue?[Y/N]:y
[R1-bgp]quit

e n
Note that changing the Keepalive time and hold time will restart the BGP session. /
o m
i.c
[R2]display bgp peer verbose

BGP Peer is 10.0.1.1, remote AS 64512


w e
Type: IBGP link

u a
.h
BGP version 4, Remote router ID 10.0.1.1
Update-group ID: 1
BGP current state: Established, Up for 00h07m19s
i n g
BGP current event: KATimerExpired
r n
lea
BGP last state: OpenConfirm
BGP Peer Up count: 2

: //
Received total routes: 0
Received active routes total: 0
t t p
Advertised total routes: 0

s :h
Port: Local - 50117

r c e
Remote - 179
Configured: Connect-retry Time: 32 sec

ou
Configured: Active Hold Time: 180 sec Keepalive Time:60 sec

es
Received : Active Hold Time: 90 sec

R
Negotiated: Active Hold Time: 90 sec Keepalive Time:30 sec

i n g
Peer optional capabilities:
Peer supports bgp multi-protocol extension

n
ar
Peer supports bgp route refresh capability

L e
Peer supports bgp 4-byte-as capability
Address family IPv4 Unicast: advertised and received

e
or
Received: Total 16 messages
Update messages 0

M Open messages
KeepAlive messages
1
15
Notification messages 0
Refresh messages 0
Sent: Total 16 messages
Update messages 0
Open messages 1
KeepAlive messages 15

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Notification messages 0
Refresh messages 0
Authentication type configured: None
Last keepalive received: 2011/12/07 08:33:52
Minimum route advertisement interval is 15 seconds
Optional capabilities:
Route refresh capability has been enabled
4-byte-as capability has been enabled
Connect-interface has been configured
e n
Peer Preferred Value: 0
/
Routing policy configured:
o m
i.c
No routing policy is configured

BGP Peer is 10.0.3.3, remote AS 64512


w e
Type: IBGP link
u a
BGP version 4, Remote router ID 10.0.3.3

g .h
n
Update-group ID: 1
BGP current state: Established, Up for 16h28m14s
ni
r
lea
BGP current event: RecvKeepalive
BGP last state: OpenConfirm
BGP Peer Up count: 1
: //
Received total routes: 0

t t p
:h
Received active routes total: 0

s
Advertised total routes: 0
Port: Local - 179
c e
Remote - 49663

r
ou
Configured: Connect-retry Time: 32 sec
Configured: Active Hold Time: 180 sec Keepalive Time:60 sec

es
Received : Active Hold Time: 180 sec

R
Negotiated: Active Hold Time: 180 sec Keepalive Time:60 sec

n g
Peer optional capabilities:

i
n
Peer supports bgp multi-protocol extension

ar
Peer supports bgp route refresh capability

e
L
Peer supports bgp 4-byte-as capability

e Address family IPv4 Unicast: advertised and received

or
Received: Total 990 messages

M Update messages
Open messages
0
1
KeepAlive messages 989
Notification messages 0
Refresh messages 0
Sent: Total 990 messages
Update messages 0
Open messages 1
KeepAlive messages 989

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

Notification messages 0
Refresh messages 0
Authentication type configured: None
Last keepalive received: 2011/12/07 08:34:17
Minimum route advertisement interval is 15 seconds
Optional capabilities:
Route refresh capability has been enabled
4-byte-as capability has been enabled
Connect-interface has been configured
e n
Peer Preferred Value: 0
/
Routing policy configured:
o m
i.c
No routing policy is configured

e
w Active Hold
The preceding command output of R2 shows that the default parameter a
Time is 180s and Keepalive Time is 60s.
. hu
After parameters of R1 are changed, the Active Hold Timein
g
r nvalue. Therefore, the Active
of packets received by R2
becomes 90s. The negotiated parameters use the smaller
l e a
Hold Time and Keepalive Timer that are negotiated
: / / between R2 and R1 are 90s and
t p
30s respectively, but the parameters of R3 still
t
use the default values.

Therefore, the negotiated parameters :arehthe same as the configured parameters.


e s
r c
That is, the Active Hold Time and Keepalive Timer on R2 and R3 are 180s and 60s
respectively.
o u
s
Step 4 Configure EBGP
Re peers.
g
Configure BGP onnR4, set the local AS number to 64513, and establish an EBGP peer
i
a rn R4 and R1. During EBGP peer relationship establishment,
relationship between

L
specify theeaddress of Loopback0 as the source address and set ebgp-max-hop to 2.
Add ae32-bit static route to the Loopback0 address of the peer device to ensure that
r
anoEBGP peer relationship can be established normally.
M[R1]ip route-static 10.0.4.4 32 10.0.14.4

[R4]ip route-static 10.0.1.1 32 10.0.14.1

[R1]bgp 64512
[R1-bgp]peer 10.0.4.4 as-number 64513
[R1-bgp]peer 10.0.4.4 ebgp-max-hop 2

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

[R1-bgp]peer 10.0.4.4 connect-interface LoopBack0


[R1-bgp]quit

[R4]router id 10.0.4.4
[R4]bgp 64513
[R4-bgp]peer 10.0.1.1 as-number 64512
[R4-bgp]peer 10.0.1.1 ebgp-max-hop 2
[R4-bgp]peer 10.0.1.1 connect-interface LoopBack0
[R4-bgp]quit
e n
/
o m
After an EBGP peer relationship is established, run the display bgp peer command
i . c
to check the peer relationship status.
w e
[R4]display bgp peer
a
. hu
BGP local router ID : 10.0.4.4
Local AS number : 64513
i n g
Total number of peers : 1
r n
Peers in established state : 1

l e a
Peer V AS MsgRcvd MsgSent
: //
OutQ Up/Down State PrefRcv

t tp
h
10.0.1.1 4 64512 4 5 0 00:01:18 Established 0

:
s command on R4 to check the TTL value of
r
Run the debugging ip packet verbosec e
Keepalive packets.
o u
e s
<R4>terminal monitor
R
i n g
<R4>terminal debugging
<R4>debugging ip packet
<R4>

a rn
e
Oct 31 2016 17:22:44.900.2+00:00 R4 IP/7/debug_case:

L
Receiving, interface = Serial1/0/0, version = 4, headlen = 20, tos = 192,

e
o r
pktlen = 40, pktid = 429, offset = 0, ttl = 2, protocol = 6,
checksum = 40287, s = 10.0.1.1, d = 10.0.4.4

Mprompt: IP Process By Board Begin!

45 c0 00 28 01 ad 00 00 02 06 9d 5f 0a 00 01 01
0a 00 04 04

Oct 31 2016 17:22:44.900.3+00:00 R4 IP/7/debug_case:


Receiving, interface = Serial1/0/0, version = 4, headlen = 20, tos = 192,
pktlen = 40, pktid = 429, offset = 0, ttl = 2, protocol = 6,

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

checksum = 40287, s = 10.0.1.1, d = 10.0.4.4


prompt: Before search fib per flow in IP Forward.

The preceding command output shows that the TTL value of received packets is 2.

Establish an EBGP peer relationship between R3 and R5. Use physical interface
addresses to establish a connection.

e n
[R3]bgp 64512
/
[R3-bgp]peer 10.0.35.5 as-number 64514

o m
i.c
[R3-bgp]quit

[R5]router id 10.0.5.5
w e
[R5]bgp 64514

u a
.h
[R5-bgp]peer 10.0.35.3 as-number 64512
[R5-bgp]quit

i n g
[R5]display bgp peer
r n
BGP local router ID : 10.0.5.5
//lea
Local AS number : 64514
p :
Total number of peers : 1
t t
Peers in established state : 1

s:h
Peer V AS
e
MsgRcvd MsgSent OutQ Up/Down State PrefRcv

r c
ou
10.0.35.3 4 64512 2 3 0 00:00:46 Established 0

es
R command to advertise routing information.
i n g
Step 5 Run the network

rn on R4 and configure an IP address 10.1.4.4/24 for Loopback1.


Configure Loopback1

e a command to advertise the network segment of Loopback1 into


Run the network
BGP.
e L
or
M
[R4]interface LoopBack 1
[R4-LoopBack1]ip address 10.1.4.4 24
[R4-LoopBack1]quit
[R4]bgp 64513
[R4-bgp]network 10.1.4.4 24
[R4-bgp]quit

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

Check the IP routing tables of R1 and R3 to check whether the route to 10.1.4.4/24
exists.

Check the BGP routing table of R3 to analyze next-hop information of this route.
[R1]display ip routing-table
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public
e n
Destinations : 18 Routes : 18
/
o m
i.c
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

10.0.1.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0


w e
10.0.2.2/32 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.12.2
u a
Serial1/0/0
10.0.3.3/32 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.12.2
.h
Serial1/0/0

g
n
10.0.4.4/32 Static 60 0 RD 10.0.14.4 Serial3/0/0
10.0.12.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.12.1
ni
Serial1/0/0

r
lea
10.0.12.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial1/0/0

//
10.0.12.2/32 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.0.12.255/32 Direct 0 0 D
:
127.0.0.1

p
Serial1/0/0
10.0.14.0/24 Direct 0 0
t t
D 10.0.14.1 Serial3/0/0

:h
10.0.14.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial3/0/0

es
10.0.14.4/32 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.14.4 Serial3/0/0

c
10.0.14.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial3/0/0

r
ou
10.0.23.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0

s
10.1.4.0/24 EBGP 255 0 RD 10.0.4.4 Serial3/0/0
127.0.0.0/8
127.0.0.1/32
Direct 0

R
Direct 0
e 0
0
D
D
127.0.0.1
127.0.0.1
InLoopBack0
InLoopBack0

i n g
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

n
255.255.255.255/3 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

e ar
e L
The command output shows that R1 has learned the EBGP route to 10.1.4.0/24.

or
Check whether R3 has the route to 10.1.4.0/24.
M
[R3]display ip routing-table
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public
Destinations : 16 Routes : 16

Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

10.0.1.1/32 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0


10.0.2.2/32 OSPF 10 1562 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.0.3.3/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0
10.0.12.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.0.23.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.0.23.2/32 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.0.23.3/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial2/0/0
10.0.23.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial2/0/0
e n
10.0.35.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.35.3 Serial3/0/0
/
10.0.35.3/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial3/0/0
o m
i.c
10.0.35.5/32 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.35.5 Serial3/0/0
10.0.35.255/32
127.0.0.0/8
Direct 0
Direct 0
0
0
D
D
127.0.0.1
127.0.0.1
Serial3/0/0
InLoopBack0
w e
127.0.0.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1
u a
InLoopBack0
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1

g .h
InLoopBack0

n
255.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

ni
The preceding command output shows that R3 doesa
r
l e not have any BGP route to
10.1.4.4.
: //
t tp
Check the BGP routing table of R3.
: h
[R3]display bgp routing-table
e s
r c
o u
BGP Local router ID is 10.0.3.3

es
Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,

R
h - history, i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale

i n g
Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

rn
Total Number of Routes: 1

a
L e
Network NextHop MED LocPrf PrefVal Path/Ogn

i
r e10.1.4.0/24 10.0.4.4 0 100 0 64513i

o preceding command output shows that there is a BGP route to 10.1.4.0/24, but
M
The
this route is not marked with *, indicating that this route is not preferred. The
NextHop field of this route displays 10.0.4.4, but R3 does not have the route to
10.0.4.4. According to BGP route selection rules, when the next hop of a BGP route is
unreachable, this route is ignored.

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

Run the next-hop-local command on R1 and check the BGP routing table of R3
again.
[R1]bgp 64512
[R1-bgp]peer 10.0.3.3 next-hop-local
[R1-bgp]peer 10.0.2.2 next-hop-local
[R1-bgp]quit

[R3]display bgp routing-table


e n
/
BGP Local router ID is 10.0.3.3
o m
i.c
Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,
h - history, i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale

w e
a
Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

u
Total Number of Routes: 1

g .h
Network NextHop MED LocPrf
n
PrefVal Path/Ogn

ni
r
lea
*>i 10.1.4.0/24 10.0.1.1 0 100 0 64513i

: / /
The preceding command output shows that the
t p next hop of the BGP route
t with * and >, indicating that this route
h
10.1.4.0/24 is 10.0.1.1 and this route is marked
:
is correct and the optimal route.
e s
r c
u
Check the IP routing table of R3.
o
s
Re
[R3]display ip routing-table
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

i n g
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

rn
Routing Tables: Public

e a
Destinations : 17 Routes : 17

e L
r
Destination/Mask Proto Pre Cost Flags NextHop Interface

o
M 10.0.1.1/32
10.0.2.2/32
OSPF
OSPF
10
10
3124
1562
D
D
10.0.23.2
10.0.23.2
Serial2/0/0
Serial2/0/0
10.0.3.3/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0
10.0.12.0/24 OSPF 10 3124 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.0.23.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.23.3 Serial2/0/0
10.0.23.2/32 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.23.2 Serial2/0/0
10.0.23.3/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial2/0/0
10.0.23.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial2/0/0
10.0.35.0/24 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.35.3 Serial3/0/0

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10.0.35.3/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial3/0/0


10.0.35.5/32 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.35.5 Serial3/0/0
10.0.35.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial3/0/0
10.1.4.0/24 IBGP 255 0 RD 10.0.1.1 Serial2/0/0
127.0.0.0/8 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
127.0.0.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
255.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

e n
/
The IP routing table of R3 contains the route 10.1.4.0/24.
o m
Create Loopback1 on R5, configure an IP address 10.1.5.5/24 for Loopback1, i . c
advertise it into BGP, and configure next-hop-local.
w e
a
[R5]interface LoopBack 1

. hu
[R5-LoopBack1]ip address 10.1.5.5 24
[R5-LoopBack1]quit
i n g
r n
[R5]bgp 64514

l e a
[R5-bgp]network 10.1.5.0 24

: //
[R3]bgp 64512
t tp
[R3-bgp]peer 10.0.1.1 next-hop-local
: h
[R3-bgp]peer 10.0.2.2 next-hop-local
e s
r c
u
Check the BGP routing tableoof R4 to determine whether R4 learns a route to the
e s to Loopback1 of R5. Analyze the display bgp
R
network segment connected

n
routing-table command
i g output.
rn
[R4]display bgp routing-table
a
L e
BGP Local router ID is 10.0.4.4

r e
Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,

o h - history, i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale

M Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

Total Number of Routes: 2


Network NextHop MED LocPrf PrefVal Path/Ogn

*> 10.1.4.0/24 0.0.0.0 0 0 i


*> 10.1.5.0/24 10.0.1.1 0 64512 64514i

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

Perform a ping with the source address on R5 to test connectivity to Loopback1


address of R4.
[R5]ping -c 1 -a 10.1.5.5 10.1.4.4
PING 10.1.4.4: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
Reply from 10.1.4.4: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=252 time=125 ms

e n
--- 10.1.4.4 ping statistics ---
/
1 packet(s) transmitted

o m
i.c
1 packet(s) received

e
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 125/125/125 ms

aw
u
Additional Exercises: Analysis and Verification
g .h
ni n
In which situation is it suitable to establish an EBGP peer relationship using physical
r
lea
addresses?

: //
Why does the TTL value of packets sent to EBGP peers default to 1? What is the

t t p
default configuration of the peer group_name ebgp-max-hop [ hop-count ]
command?
s :h
r c e
ou
Device Configurations

es
[R1]display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
R
#
sysname R1
i n g
n
ar
#

# L e
router id 10.0.1.1

e
or
interface Serial1/0/0
link-protocol ppp

M
ip address 10.0.12.1 255.255.255.0
#
interface Serial3/0/0
link-protocol ppp
ip address 10.0.14.1 255.255.255.0
#
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.1.1 255.255.255.255

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

#
bgp 64512
timer keepalive 30 hold 90
peer 10.0.2.2 as-number 64512
peer 10.0.2.2 connect-interface LoopBack0
peer 10.0.3.3 as-number 64512
peer 10.0.3.3 connect-interface LoopBack0
peer 10.0.4.4 as-number 64513
peer 10.0.4.4 ebgp-max-hop 2
e n
peer 10.0.4.4 connect-interface LoopBack0
/
#
o m
i.c
ipv4-family unicast
undo synchronization
peer 10.0.2.2 enable
w e
peer 10.0.2.2 next-hop-local
u a
peer 10.0.3.3 enable

g .h
n
peer 10.0.3.3 next-hop-local
peer 10.0.4.4 enable
ni
r
lea
#
ospf 1
area 0.0.0.0
: //
network 10.0.12.0 0.0.0.255

t t p
:h
network 10.0.1.1 0.0.0.0

s
#

c e
ip route-static 10.0.4.4 255.255.255.255 10.0.14.4

r
ou
return

es
[R2]display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
R
#

i n g
sysname R2
n
#

e ar
L
router id 10.0.2.2
#
e
or
interface Serial1/0/0

M
link-protocol ppp
ip address 10.0.12.2 255.255.255.0
#
interface Serial2/0/0
link-protocol ppp
ip address 10.0.23.2 255.255.255.0
#
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.2.2 255.255.255.255

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#
bgp 64512
peer 10.0.1.1 as-number 64512
peer 10.0.1.1 connect-interface LoopBack0
peer 10.0.3.3 as-number 64512
peer 10.0.3.3 connect-interface LoopBack0
#
ipv4-family unicast
undo synchronization
e n
peer 10.0.1.1 enable
/
peer 10.0.3.3 enable
o m
i.c
#
ospf 1
area 0.0.0.0
w e
network 10.0.12.0 0.0.0.255
u a
network 10.0.23.0 0.0.0.255

g .h
n
network 10.0.2.2 0.0.0.0
return
ni
r
[R3]display current-configuration

//lea
[V200R007C00SPC600]

p :
#

t t
:h
sysname R3

s
#
router id 10.0.3.3

r c e
ou
#
interface Serial2/0/0
link-protocol ppp
es
R
ip address 10.0.23.3 255.255.255.0
#

i n g
n
interface Serial3/0/0

ar
link-protocol ppp

e
L
ip address 10.0.35.3 255.255.255.0
#
e
or
interface LoopBack0

M
ip address 10.0.3.3 255.255.255.255
#
bgp 64512
peer 10.0.1.1 as-number 64512
peer 10.0.1.1 connect-interface LoopBack0
peer 10.0.2.2 as-number 64512
peer 10.0.2.2 connect-interface LoopBack0
peer 10.0.35.5 as-number 64514
#

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ipv4-family unicast
undo synchronization
peer 10.0.1.1 enable
peer 10.0.1.1 next-hop-local
peer 10.0.2.2 enable
peer 10.0.2.2 next-hop-local
peer 10.0.35.5 enable
#
ospf 1
e n
area 0.0.0.0
/
network 10.0.23.0 0.0.0.255
o m
i.c
network 10.0.3.3 0.0.0.0
return

w e
[R4]display current-configuration
u a
[V200R007C00SPC600]

g .h
n
#
sysname R4
ni
r
lea
#
router id 10.0.4.4
#
: //
interface Serial1/0/0

t t p
:h
link-protocol ppp

s
ip address 10.0.14.4 255.255.255.0
#

r c e
ou
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.4.4 255.255.255.255
#
es
interface LoopBack1
R
n g
ip address 10.1.4.4 255.255.255.0

i
#
n
bgp 64513

e ar
L
peer 10.0.1.1 as-number 64512

e
peer 10.0.1.1 ebgp-max-hop 2

or
peer 10.0.1.1 connect-interface LoopBack0

M
#
ipv4-family unicast
undo synchronization
network 10.0.4.0 255.255.255.0
network 10.1.4.0 255.255.255.0
peer 10.0.1.1 enable
#
ip route-static 10.0.1.1 255.255.255.255 10.0.14.1
return

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[R5]display current-configuration
[V200R007C00SPC600]
#
sysname R5
#
router id 10.0.5.5
#
interface Serial1/0/0
e n
link-protocol ppp
/
ip address 10.0.35.5 255.255.255.0
o m
i.c
#
interface LoopBack0
ip address 10.0.5.5 255.255.255.255
w e
#
u a
interface LoopBack1

g .h
n
ip address 10.1.5.5 255.255.255.0
#
ni
r
lea
bgp 64514
peer 10.0.35.3 as-number 64512
#
: //
ipv4-family unicast

t t p
:h
undo synchronization

s
network 10.1.5.0 255.255.255.0
peer 10.0.35.3 enable

r c e
ou
return

e s
Lab 3-2 BGP RouteRSummarization
i n g
rn
Learning Objectives
a
L e of this lab are to learn and understand:
The objectives
r e
o How to run the network command to implement BGP route

M summarization
 How to configure BGP route summarization to suppress specific routes
 How to change attributes of summarized routes
 How to use the AS_Set during route summarization

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

Topology

e n
/
o m
e i.c
aw
u
g .h
ni n
r
lea
Figure 4-2 BGP route summarization

: //
Scenario
t p
t
: h The company’s network uses BGP as
s
You are a network administrator of a company.
the routing protocol. This network e
r c consists of multiple ASs, and different branches
use different AS numbers. As the
o u company expands, routers have more and more
routing tables. It is urgent s
R e to summarize BGP routes to reduce the routing table size.

summarize routes. i n g
You test several route summarization methods and select a suitable method to

a rn
Tasks e
e L
or 1 Set basic parameters and configure IP addresses.
Step
MConfigure IP addresses and masks for physical interfaces and loopback interfaces of
all the routers. Each loopback interface address uses the 32-bit mask.
[R1]interface Serial 1/0/0
[R1-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.12.1 255.255.255.0
[R1-Serial1/0/0]quit
[R1]interface Serial 3/0/0
[R1-Serial3/0/0]ip address 10.0.14.1 255.255.255.0

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[R1-Serial3/0/0]quit
[R1]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip add 10.0.15.1 255.255.255.0
[R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
[R1]interface LoopBack 0
[R1-LoopBack0]ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.255
[R1-LoopBack0]quit

[R2]interface Serial 1/0/0


e n
[R2-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.12.2 255.255.255.0
/
[R2-Serial1/0/0]quit
o m
i.c
[R2]interface Serial 2/0/0
[R2-Serial2/0/0]ip address 10.0.23.2 255.255.255.0
[R2-Serial2/0/0]quit
w e
[R2]interface loopback 0
u a
[R2-LoopBack0]ip address 10.1.2.2 255.255.255.255

g .h
n
[R2-LoopBack0]quit

ni
r
lea
[R3]interface Serial 2/0/0
[R3-Serial2/0/0]quit
[R3]ip address 10.0.23.3 255.255.255.0
: //
[R3-Serial2/0/0]quit

t t p
:h
[R3]interface loopback 1

s
[R3-LoopBack1]ip address 10.1.3.3 255.255.255.255
[R3-LoopBack1]quit

r c e
[R4]interface Serial 1/0/0
s ou
[R4-Serial1/0/0]quit
Re
[R4-Serial1/0/0]ip address 10.0.14.4 255.255.255.0

n g
[R4]interface loopback 0

i
n
[R4-LoopBack0]ip address 10.0.4.4 255.255.255.255

ar
[R4-LoopBack0]quit

e
e L
[R5]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

or
[R5-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 10.0.15.5 255.255.255.0

M
[R5-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
[R5]interface loopback 0
[R5-LoopBack0]ip address 10.1.5.5 255.255.255.255
[R5-LoopBack0]quit

After the configurations are complete, test direct link connectivity.


[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.12.2

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PING 10.0.12.2: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break


Reply from 10.0.14.4: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=41 ms

--- 10.0.12.2 ping statistics ---


1 packet(s) transmitted
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 41/41/41 ms

e n
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.14.4
/
PING 10.0.14.4: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
o m
i.c
Reply from 10.0.14.4: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=41 ms

--- 10.0.14.4 ping statistics ---


w e
1 packet(s) transmitted
u a
1 packet(s) received

g .h
n
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 41/41/41 ms
ni
r
[R1]ping -c 1 10.0.15.5

//lea
:
PING 10.0.15.5: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

p
t
Reply from 10.0.15.5: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=34 ms

t
--- 10.0.15.5 ping statistics ---
s :h
1 packet(s) transmitted

r c e
ou
1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss

es
round-trip min/avg/max = 34/34/34 ms

R
n g
[R2]ping -c 1 10.0.23.3

i
n
PING 10.0.23.3: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

ar
Reply from 10.0.23.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=34 ms

e
e L
--- 10.0.23.3 ping statistics ---

or1 packet(s) transmitted

M 1 packet(s) received
0.00% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 34/34/34 ms

Step 2 Configure EBGP and advertise routes.

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Configure directly connected routers to establish BGP peer relationships using


physical interface addresses.
[R1]router id 10.1.1.1
[R1]bgp 64513
[R1-bgp]peer 10.0.12.2 as-number 64514
[R1-bgp]peer 10.0.14.4 as-number 64512
[R1-bgp]peer 10.0.15.5 as-number 64516
[R1-bgp]quit
e n
/
[R2]router id 10.1.2.2
o m
i.c
[R2]bgp 64514
[R2-bgp]peer 10.0.12.1 as-number 64513

w e
a
[R2-bgp]peer 10.0.23.3 as-number 64515
[R2-bgp]quit
u
g .h
[R3]router id 10.1.3.3
[R3]bgp 64515
ni n
r
lea
[R3-bgp]peer 10.0.23.2 as-number 64514

//
[R3-bgp]quit

p :
[R4]router id 10.0.4.4
t t
:h
[R4]bgp 64512
[R4-bgp]peer 10.0.14.1 as-number 64513

e s
[R4-bgp]quit

r c
[R5]router id 10.1.5.5
s ou
[R5]bgp 64516
Re
g
[R5-bgp]peer 10.0.15.1 as-number 64513
[R5-bgp]quit

n i n
e ar
L
After the configurations are complete, check BGP peer relationships.

e
or
[R1]display bgp peer

M
BGP local router ID : 10.1.1.1
Local AS number : 64513
Total number of peers : 3 Peers in established state : 3

Peer V AS MsgRcvd MsgSent OutQ Up/Down State PrefRcv

10.0.12.2 4 64514 4 6 0 00:02:19 Established 0


10.0.14.4 4 64512 2 4 0 00:00:40 Established 0

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

10.0.15.5 4 64516 2 4 0 00:00:17 Established 0

[R2]display bgp peer

BGP local router ID : 10.1.2.2


Local AS number : 64514
Total number of peers : 2 Peers in established state : 2

Peer V AS MsgRcvd MsgSent OutQ Up/Down State PrefRcv


e n
/
10.0.12.1 4 64513 5 6 0 00:03:42 Established 0
o m
i.c
10.0.23.3 4 64515 4 6 0 00:02:25 Established 0

[R3]display bgp peer


w e
u a
BGP local router ID : 10.1.3.3

g .h
n
Local AS number : 64515
Total number of peers : 1
ni
Peers in established state : 1

r
Peer V AS MsgRcvd
lea
MsgSent OutQ Up/Down

//
State PrefRcv

p :
10.0.23.2 4 64514 6

t
7
t 0 00:04:55 Established 0

[R4]display bgp peer


s :h
r c e
ou
BGP local router ID : 10.0.4.4
Local AS number : 64512
Total number of peers : 1
es Peers in established state : 1

R
Peer V

i n g AS MsgRcvd MsgSent OutQ Up/Down State PrefRcv

n
10.0.14.1

e ar 4 64513 7 8 0 00:05:11 Established 0

e L
[R5]display bgp peer

or
M
BGP local router ID : 10.1.5.5
Local AS number : 64516
Total number of peers : 1 Peers in established state : 1

Peer V AS MsgRcvd MsgSent OutQ Up/Down State PrefRcv

10.0.15.1 4 64513 7 8 0 00:05:16 Established 0

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The preceding command output shows that all BGP peer relationships are in
Established state.

Run the network command to advertise the network segment of the loopback
interface on each router into BGP.
[R1]bgp 64513
[R1-bgp]network 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.255

e n
/
[R1-bgp]quit

[R2]bgp 64514
o m
[R2-bgp]network 10.1.2.2 255.255.255.255
[R2-bgp]quit
e i.c
aw
u
.h
[R3]bgp 64515

g
[R3-bgp]network 10.1.3.3 255.255.255.255
[R3-bgp]quit

ni n
r
lea
[R4]bgp 64512

//
[R4-bgp]network 10.0.4.4 255.255.255.255
[R4-bgp]quit
p :
t t
:h
[R5]bgp 64516
[R5-bgp]network 10.1.5.5 255.255.255.255
e s
[R5-bgp]quit
r c
s ou
e
Check the BGP routing table of R4 and observe the AS_Path attribute.
R
i n g
[R4]display bgp routing-table

n
ar
BGP Local router ID is 10.0.4.4

L e
Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,

e
h - history, i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale

or
Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

M
Total Number of Routes: 5
Network NextHop MED LocPrf PrefVal Path/Ogn

*> 10.0.4.4/32 0.0.0.0 0 0 i


*> 10.1.1.1/32 10.0.14.1 0 0 64513i
*> 10.1.2.2/32 10.0.14.1 0 64513 64514i
*> 10.1.3.3/32 10.0.14.1 0 64513 64514 64515i
*> 10.1.5.5/32 10.0.14.1 0 64513 64516i

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Step 3 Run the network command to summarize BGP routes.

You need to summarize routes on R1.

On R1, add the static route 10.1.0.0/16 pointing to interface Null0 and run the
network command to advertise this route.

e n
[R1]ip route-static 10.1.0.0 16 NULL 0
/
[R1]bgp 64513

o m
i.c
[R1-bgp]network 10.1.0.0 255.255.0.0

e
[R1-bgp]quit

aw
Check the BGP routing table of R4 to determine whether the summarized
hu route
exists.
g .
nin
r
<R4>display bgp routing-table

l e a
BGP Local router ID is 10.0.4.4

: / /
tp
Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,

t
h - history, i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale

h
:
Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

e s
Total Number of Routes: 6
r c
Network NextHop

o u MED LocPrf PrefVal Path/Ogn

e s
R
*> 10.0.4.4/32 0.0.0.0 0 0 i
*>
*>
10.1.0.0/16
10.1.1.1/32
i n g 10.0.14.1
10.0.14.1
0
0
0
0
64513i
64513i
*>

a rn
10.1.2.2/32 10.0.14.1 0 64513 64514i

e
*> 10.1.3.3/32 10.0.14.1 0 64513 64514 64515i
*>

e L
10.1.5.5/32 10.0.14.1 0 64513 64516i

o r
MSet an IP prefix list named pref_detail_control to filter the routes to be sent to the
BGP peer R4 and prevent the specific routes from being sent out.
[R1]ip ip-prefix pref_detail_control index 10 permit 10.1.0.0 8 less-equal 24
[R1]bgp 64513
[R1-bgp]peer 10.0.14.4 ip-prefix pref_detail_control export
[R1-bgp]quit

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Check the BGP routing table of R4 again. Observe the AS_Path attribute of the
summarized route.
<R4>display bgp routing-table

BGP Local router ID is 10.0.4.4


Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,
h - history, i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale
Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete
e n
/
Total Number of Routes: 2
o m
i.c
Network NextHop MED LocPrf PrefVal Path/Ogn

w e
a
*> 10.0.4.4/32 0.0.0.0 0 0 i
*> 10.1.0.0/16 10.0.14.1 0 0 64513i
u
g .h
i n
n BGP routes.
Step 4 Run the aggregate command to summarize
ar
l e
/ summarized route advertised
/
Delete the IP prefix list configured in step 3 and the
:
using the network command.
t tp
Run the aggregate command to summarize
: h routes to 10.1.0.0/16 using the default
e s
mode.
r c
[R1]bgp 64513
o u
e s
[R1-bgp]undo network 10.1.0.0 255.255.0.0

R
[R1-bgp]undo peer 10.0.14.4 ip-prefix pref_detail_control export
[R1-bgp]quit

i n g
rn
[R1]undo ip ip-prefix pref_detail_control

a
[R1]undo ip route-static 10.1.0.0 16 NULL 0

L e
e
[R1]bgp 64513

o r
[R1-bgp]aggregate 10.1.0.0 255.255.0.0

M
[R1-bgp]quit

Check the BGP routing tables of R1 and R4 and observe the Origin attribute of the
summarized route.
[R1]display bgp routing-table

BGP Local router ID is 10.1.1.1

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,


h - history, i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale
Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

Total Number of Routes: 6


Network NextHop MED LocPrf PrefVal Path/Ogn

*> 10.0.4.4/32 10.0.14.4 0 0 64512i


*> 10.1.0.0/16 127.0.0.1 0 i
e n
*> 10.1.1.1/32 0.0.0.0 0 0 i
/
*> 10.1.2.2/32 10.0.12.2 0 0 64514i
o m
i.c
*> 10.1.3.3/32 10.0.12.2 0 64514 64515i
*> 10.1.5.5/32 10.0.15.5 0 0 64516i

w e
<R4>display bgp routing-table
u a
g .h
n
BGP Local router ID is 10.0.4.4
Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,
ni
r
lea
h - history, i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale
Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

: //
Total Number of Routes: 6

t t p
:h
Network NextHop MED LocPrf PrefVal Path/Ogn

e s
c
*> 10.0.4.4/32 0.0.0.0 0 0 i

r
ou
*> 10.1.0.0/16 10.0.14.1 0 64513i
*> 10.1.1.1/32 10.0.14.1 0 0 64513i
*> 10.1.2.2/32
es
10.0.14.1 0 64513 64514i
*> 10.1.3.3/32
R
10.0.14.1 0 64513 64514 64515i
*> 10.1.5.5/32

i n g 10.0.14.1 0 64513 64516i

rn
e a
The preceding command output shows that the Origin attribute of the summarized

e L
route retains unchanged and is still IGP.
r
o configuring route summarization on R1, suppress specific routes and
Madvertise only the summarized route.
When

[R1]bgp 64513
[R1-bgp]aggregate 10.1.0.0 255.255.0.0 detail-suppressed
[R1-bgp]quit

Check the BGP routing table of R4.

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HCNP-IERS Chapter 3 BGP Features and Configurations

[R4]display bgp routing-table

BGP Local router ID is 10.0.4.4


Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,
h - history, i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale
Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

Total Number of Routes: 2


Network NextHop MED LocPrf PrefVal Path/Ogn
e n
/
*> 10.0.4.4/32 0.0.0.0 0 0 i
o m
i.c
*> 10.1.0.0/16 10.0.14.1 0 64513i

w e
The preceding command output shows that the BGP routing table of a R4 does not
contain specific routes.
. hu
i n g
Check the IP routing table of R1 to view the next hop of the
r n route to 10.1.0.0/16.
[R1]display ip routing-table

l e a
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib

: //
tp
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public

ht
Destinations : 21
:
Routes : 21

s
Destination/Mask Proto
r c
Pre e Cost Flags NextHop Interface

o u
10.0.4.4/32
e s
EBGP 255 0 D 10.0.14.4 Serial3/0/0
10.0.12.0/24
R
Direct 0 0 D 10.0.12.1 Serial1/0/0
10.0.12.1/32

i
10.0.12.2/32
n g Direct 0
Direct 0
0
0
D
D
127.0.0.1
10.0.12.2
Serial1/0/0
Serial1/0/0

a rn
10.0.12.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial1/0/0

L e
10.0.14.0/24
10.0.14.1/32
Direct 0
Direct 0
0
0
D
D
10.0.14.1
127.0.0.1
Serial3/0/0
Serial3/0/0

r e 10.0.14.4/32 Direct 0 0 D 10.0.14.4 Serial3/0/0

o 10.0.14.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 Serial3/0/0

M 10.0.15.0/24
10.0.15.1/32
Direct 0
Direct 0
0
0
D
D
10.0.15.1
127.0.0.1
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.0.15.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
10.1.0.0/16 IBGP 255 0 D 0.0.0.0 NULL0
10.1.1.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 LoopBack0
10.1.2.2/32 EBGP 255 0 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.1.3.3/32 EBGP 255 0 D 10.0.12.2 Serial1/0/0
10.1.5.5/32 EBGP 255 0 D 10.0.15.5 GigabitEthernet0/0/0

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127.0.0.0/8 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0


127.0.0.1/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
127.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0
255.255.255.255/32 Direct 0 0 D 127.0.0.1 InLoopBack0

The route to 10.1.0.0/16 is a summarized route, which is configured on R1. Therefore,


the outbound interface is interface Null0. This configuration can prevent routing

e n
loops.
/
Check the BGP routing table of R1 to view specific routes.
o m
[R1]display bgp routing-table
e i.c
aw
u
BGP Local router ID is 10.1.1.1
Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,
h - history, i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale
g .h
Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete
ni n
r
Total Number of Routes: 6

//lea
Network NextHop MED
:
LocPrf

p
PrefVal Path/Ogn

t t
:h
*> 10.0.4.4/32 10.0.14.4 0 0 64512i

s
*> 10.1.0.0/16 127.0.0.1 0 i
s> 10.1.1.1/32 0.0.0.0

r c e0 0 i

ou
s> 10.1.2.2/32 10.0.12.2 0 0 64514i
s> 10.1.3.3/32 10.0.12.2 0 64514 64515i
s> 10.1.5.5/32
es
10.0.15.5 0 0 64516i

R
i n g
rn
If the detail-suppressed parameter is specified, only summarized routes are sent.

e a are marked with s, indicating that they are suppressed during route
Specific routes

e L
summarization.

or 5 Change the attributes of summarized routes.


Step
M
By default, BGP does not advertise the Community attribute to any peer.

Configure R5 and R1 to advertise the Community attribute to R1 and R4 respectively.


[R5]bgp 64516
[R5-bgp]peer 10.0.15.1 advertise-community
[R5-bgp]quit

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[R1]bgp 64513
[R1-bgp]peer 10.0.14.4 advertise-community
[R1-bgp]quit

Verify that the Community attribute disappears after routes are summarized.

On R5, add the Community attribute 100 to the route 10.1.5.5/32 advertised by R5
e n
and advertise this route to R1. /
o m
i.c
[R5]acl number 2000
[R5-acl-basic-2000]rule 0 permit source 10.1.5.5 0
[R5-acl-basic-2000]quit
w e
[R5]route-policy set_comm permit node 10

u a
.h
[R5-route-policy]if-match acl 2000
[R5-route-policy]apply community 100
[R5-route-policy]quit
i n g
[R5]bgp 64516
r n
lea
[R5-bgp]peer 10.0.15.1 route-policy set_comm export
[R5-bgp]quit

: //
t t p
:h
On R1, check whether the route 10.1.5.5/32 carries the Community attribute 100.
s
<R1>display bgp routing-table community

r c e
BGP Local router ID is 10.1.1.1
s ou
Re
Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,
h - history, i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale

n g
Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

i
n
ar
Total Number of Routes: 2

Le
Network NextHop MED LocPrf PrefVal Community

r e
o
*> 10.1.5.0/24 10.0.15.5 0 <0:100>

M
On R4, check whether the summarized route carries the Community attribute 100.
<R4>display bgp routing-table community

Total Number of Routes: 0

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The preceding command output shows that R4 does not have any route that carries
the Community attribute.

Configure a route policy add_comm on R1 to add the Community attribute 100:2 to


the summarized route.
[R1]acl number 2000
[R1-acl-basic-2000]rule 0 permit source 10.1.0.0 0.0.255.255

e n
/
[R1-acl-basic-2000]quit

m
[R1]route-policy add_comm permit node 10
[R1-route-policy]if-match acl 2000
o
[R1-route-policy]apply community 100:2
[R1-route-policy]quit
e i.c
[R1]bgp 64513
aw
u
.h
[R1-bgp]aggregate 10.1.0.0 255.255.0.0 attribute-policy add_comm

i n g
n
On R4, check whether the summarized route carries the Community attribute 100:2.
r
lea
<R4>display bgp routing-table community

: //
BGP Local router ID is 10.0.4.4

t t p
:h
Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,

s
h - history, i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale

r c e
Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

s ou
Total Number of Routes: 2
Network
Re
NextHop MED LocPrf PrefVal Community

i n g
n
*> 10.1.0.0/16 10.0.14.1 0 <100:2>

ar
*> 10.1.5.5/32 10.0.14.1 0 <0:100>

L e
r e
The preceding command output shows that the summarized route learned by R4
o the Community attribute 100:2.
M
carries

Step 6 Use the AS_Set attribute to configure the AS_Path attribute.

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After routes are summarized, the AS_Path attribute of the summarized route is
discarded by default, which may cause a routing loop. To eliminate this risk, add the
AS_Set attribute to the summarized route.

Configure R1 to add the AS_Set attribute to the summarized route during route
summarization.
[R1]bgp 64513

e n
[R1-bgp]aggregate 10.1.0.0 255.255.0.0 detail-suppressed as-set
/
[R1-bgp]quit

o m
Check the AS_Path attribute of the summarized route in the BGP routing tables of R1 e i.c
aw
and R4.
u
[R1]display bgp routing-table
g .h
ni n
BGP Local router ID is 10.1.1.1
r
lea
Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,

//
h - history, i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale
Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete
p :
t t
:h
Total Number of Routes: 6
Network NextHop
e s
MED LocPrf PrefVal Path/Ogn

r c
ou
*> 10.0.4.4/32 10.0.14.4 0 0 64512i
*> 10.1.0.0/16
s
127.0.0.1

e
0 {64514 64515 64516}i
s> 10.1.1.1/32
R
0.0.0.0 0 0 i

ing
s> 10.1.2.2/32 10.0.12.2 0 0 64514i
s> 10.1.3.3/32 10.0.12.2 0 64514 64515i

n
ar
s> 10.1.5.5/32 10.0.15.5 0 0 64516i

L e
<R4>display bgp routing-table

e
or
BGP Local router ID is 10.0. 4.4

M
Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,
h - history, i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale
Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

Total Number of Routes: 2


Network NextHop MED LocPrf PrefVal Path/Ogn

*> 10.0.4.4/32 0.0.0.0 0 0 i

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*> 10.1.0.0/16 10.0.14.1 0 64513 {64514 64515 64516}i

The AS_Path attribute of the summarized route to which the AS_Set attribute is
added contains AS path information of specific routes.

On R3, stop advertising the route 10.1.3.3/32 and reset the peer relationship.
[R3]bgp 64515
e n
[R3-bgp]undo network 10.1.3.3 255.255.255.255
/
[R3-bgp]return
o m
i.c
<R3>reset bgp all

e
w of the
a
hu
After the peer relationship is established again, check the AS_Path attribute
summarized route learned by R4.
g .
<R4>display bgp routing-table
ni n
ar
BGP Local router ID is 10.0.4.4
l e
Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,
: //
tp
h - history, i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale

t
h
Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

<