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CBSE QUESTION PAPER

CHEMISTRY (Theory)
�tt,�"1 Pc.�1"1 (�oiilki&i)
CLASS-XII

(i) ÃÖ³Öß ¯ÖÏ¿®Ö †×®Ö¾ÖÖµÖÔ Æïü …


(ii) ¯ÖÏ¿®Ö-ÃÖÓܵÖÖ 1 ÃÖê 5 ŸÖÛú †×ŸÖ »Ö‘Öã-ˆ¢Ö¸üßµÖ ¯ÖÏ¿®Ö Æïü †Öî¸ü ¯ÖÏŸµÖêÛú ¯ÖÏ¿®Ö Ûêú ×»Ö‹ 1 †ÓÛú Æîü …
(iii) ¯ÖÏ¿®Ö-ÃÖÓܵÖÖ 6 ÃÖê 10 ŸÖÛú »Ö‘Öã-ˆ¢Ö¸üßµÖ ¯ÖÏ¿®Ö Æïü †Öî¸ü ¯ÖÏŸµÖêÛú ¯ÖÏ¿®Ö Ûêú ×»Ö‹ 2 †ÓÛú Æïü …
(iv) ¯ÖÏ¿®Ö-ÃÖÓܵÖÖ 11 ÃÖê 22 ŸÖÛú ³Öß »Ö‘Öã-ˆ¢Ö¸üßµÖ ¯ÖÏ¿®Ö Æïü †Öî¸ü ¯ÖÏŸµÖêÛú ¯ÖÏ¿®Ö Ûêú ×»Ö‹ 3 †ÓÛú Æïü …
(v) ¯ÖÏ¿®Ö-ÃÖÓܵÖÖ 23 ´Ö滵ÖÖ¬ÖÖ׸üŸÖ ¯ÖÏ¿®Ö Æîü †Öî¸ü ‡ÃÖÛêú ×»Ö‹ 4 †ÓÛú Æïü …
(vi) ¯ÖÏ¿®Ö-ÃÖÓܵÖÖ 24 ÃÖê 26 ŸÖÛú ¤üß‘ÖÔ-ˆ¢Ö¸üßµÖ ¯ÖÏ¿®Ö Æïü †Öî¸ü ¯ÖÏŸµÖêÛú ¯ÖÏ¿®Ö Ûêú ×»Ö‹ 5 †ÓÛú Æïü …
(vii) µÖפü †Ö¾Ö¿µÖÛúŸÖÖ ÆüÖê, ŸÖÖê »ÖÖòÝÖ ™êü²Ö»ÖÖë ÛúÖ ¯ÖϵÖÖêÝÖ Ûú¸ëü … Ûîú»ÖÛãú»Öê™ü¸üÖë Ûêú ˆ¯ÖµÖÖêÝÖ Ûúß †®Öã´Ö×ŸÖ ®ÖÆüà Æîü …
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General Instructions :
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Questions number 1 to 5 are very short-answer questions and carry 1 mark each.
(iii) Questions number 6 to 10 are short-answer questions and carry 2 marks each.
(iv) Questions number 11 to 22 are also short-answer questions and carry 3 marks
each.
(v) Question number 23 is a value based question and carry 4 marks.
(vi) Questions number 24 to 26 are long-answer questions and carry 5 marks each.
(vii) Use log tables, if necessary. Use of calculators is not allowed.

1. ´ÖïÝÖ®Öß•Ö (Mn) Ûêú ‹Ûú †ÖòŒÃÖß-ŠúÞÖÖµÖ®Ö ÛúÖ ÃÖæ¡Ö ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ וÖÃÖ´Öê µÖÆü †ÖòŒÃÖßÛú¸üÞÖ †¾ÖãÖÖ †¯Ö®Öß ¾ÖÝÖÔ-ÃÖÓܵÖÖ Ûêú
²Ö¸üÖ²Ö¸ü ¯ÖϤüÙ¿ÖŸÖ Ûú¸üŸÖÖ Æîü … 1
Write the formula of an oxo-anion of Manganese (Mn) in which it shows the oxidation
state equal to its group number.

2. ×®Ö´®Ö×»Ö×ÜÖŸÖ µÖÖî×ÝÖÛú ÛúÖ †Ö‡Ô.µÖæ.¯Öß.‹.ÃÖß. ®ÖÖ´Ö ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ : 1


(CH3CH2)2NCH3
Write IUPAC name of the following compound :
(CH3CH2)2NCH3

3. ‹Ûú ¸üÖÃÖÖµÖ×®ÖÛú †×³Ö×ÛÎúµÖÖ R ––→ P Ûêú ×»Ö‹ †¬ÖÖÔµÖã (t1/2) ÛúÖê †×³Ö×ÛÎúµÖÛú Ûúß ¯ÖÏÖ¸Óü׳ÖÛú ÃÖÖÓ¦üŸÖÖ ¯Ö¸ü ×®Ö³ÖÔ¸ü ®ÖÆüà
Ûú¸üŸÖê ¯ÖÖµÖÖ ÝÖµÖÖ … †×³Ö×ÛÎúµÖÖ Ûúß ÛúÖê×™ü ŒµÖÖ Æîü ? 1
For a reaction R ––→ P, half-life (t1/2) is observed to be independent of the initial
concentration of reactants. What is the order of reaction ?

4. 1-²ÖÎÖê´ÖÖê-4-Œ»ÖÖê¸üÖê²µÖæ™ü-2-‡Ô®Ö Ûúß ÃÖÓ¸ü“Ö®ÖÖ ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ … 1


Write the structure of 1-Bromo-4-chlorobut-2-ene.

5. ³ÖÖîןÖÛú †×¬Ö¿ÖÖêÂÖÞÖ †Öî¸ü ¸üÖÃÖÖµÖ×®ÖÛú †×¬Ö¿ÖÖêÂÖÞÖ Ûêú ²Öß“Ö ‹Ûú ÃÖ´ÖÖ®ÖŸÖÖ ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ … 1
Write one similarity between Physisorption and Chemisorption.

6. ×®Ö´®Ö †×³Ö×ÛÎúµÖÖ†Öë ÛúÖê ¯Öæ¸üÖ Ûúßו֋ : 1+1=2


(i) NH3 + 3Cl2(†×¬ÖÛú) –––––→
(ii) XeF6 + 2H2O –––––→
†£Ö¾ÖÖ
ŒµÖÖ ÆüÖêŸÖÖ Æîü •Ö²Ö 1+1=2
(i) (NH4)2Cr2O7 ÛúÖê ÝÖ´ÖÔ Ûú¸üŸÖê Æïü ?
(ii) H3PO3 ÛúÖê ÝÖ´ÖÔ Ûú¸üŸÖê Æïü ?
ÃÖ´ÖßÛú¸üÞÖ ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ …
2
Complete the following reactions :
(i) NH3 + 3Cl2(excess) –––––→
(ii) XeF6 + 2H2O –––––→
OR
What happens when
(i) (NH4)2Cr2O7 is heated ?
(ii) H3PO3 is heated ?
Write the equations.

7. ×®Ö´®Ö ¯Ö¤üÖë Ûúß ¯Ö׸ü³ÖÖÂÖÖ ¤üßו֋ : 1+1=2


(i) †ÞÖãÃÖÓÜµÖ ÝÖãÞÖ¬Ö´ÖÔ
(ii) ´ÖÖê»Ö»ÖŸÖÖ (m)
Define the following terms :
(i) Colligative properties
(ii) Molality (m)

8. ×®Ö´®Ö Ûúß ÃÖÓ¸ü“Ö®ÖÖ‹Ñ ²Ö®ÖÖ‡‹ : 1+1=2


(i) H2S2O7
(ii) XeF6
Draw the structures of the following :
(i) H2S2O7
(ii) XeF6

9. ‹êÃÖß×™üÛú †´»Ö Ûúß ×¾ÖµÖÖê•Ö®Ö ´ÖÖ¡ÖÖ (α) ÛúÖ ¯Ö׸üÛú»Ö®Ö Ûúßו֋ µÖפü ‡ÃÖÛúß ´ÖÖê»Ö¸ü “ÖÖ»ÖÛúŸÖÖ (∧m) ÛúÖ ´ÖÖ®Ö
39.05 S cm2mol–1 Æîü … 2
פüµÖÖ Æîü : λo(H+) = 349.6 S cm2 mol–1
λo(CH3COO–) = 40.9 S cm2 mol–1
Calculate the degree of dissociation (α) of acetic acid if its molar conductivity (∧m) is
39.05 S cm2mol–1.
Given λo(H+) = 349.6 S cm2 mol–1 and λo(CH3COO–) = 40.9 S cm2 mol–1

10. ×®Ö´®Ö×»Ö×ÜÖŸÖ †×³Ö×ÛÎúµÖÖ†Öë ÃÖê ÃÖ´²Ö×®¬ÖŸÖ ÃÖ´ÖßÛú¸üÞÖÖë ÛúÖê ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ : 2


(i) ¾ÖÖê»±ú-×Ûú¿®Ö¸ü †¯Ö“ÖµÖ®Ö
(ii) ‡Ô™üÖ›Ôü †×³Ö×ÛÎúµÖÖ
Write the equations involved in the following reactions :
(i) Wolff-Kishner reduction
(ii) Etard reaction
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11. ÃÖæÛÎúÖêÃÖ Ûêú 10% (¦ü¾µÖ´ÖÖ®Ö) •Ö»ÖßµÖ ×¾Ö»ÖµÖ®Ö ÛúÖ ×Æü´ÖÖÓÛú 269.15 K Æîü … µÖפü ¿Öã¨ü •Ö»Ö ÛúÖ ×Æü´ÖÖÓÛú 273.15 K
Æîü ŸÖÖê Ý»ÖæÛúÖêÃÖ Ûêú 10% •Ö»ÖßµÖ ×¾Ö»ÖµÖ®Ö ÛúÖ ×Æü´ÖÖÓÛú ¯Ö׸üÛú×»ÖŸÖ Ûúßו֋ … 3
פüµÖÖ Æîü : ´ÖÖê»Ö¸ü ¦ü¾µÖ´ÖÖ®Ö (ÃÖæÛÎúÖêÃÖ) = 342 g mol–1
´ÖÖê»Ö¸ü ¦ü¾µÖ´ÖÖ®Ö (Ý»ÖæÛúÖêÃÖ) = 180 g mol–1
A 10% solution (by mass) of sucrose in water has freezing point of 269.15 K.
Calculate the freezing point of 10% glucose in water, if freezing point of pure water is
273.15 K.
Given : (Molar mass of sucrose = 342 g mol–1)
(Molar mass of glucose = 180 g mol–1)

12. (†) Ag Ûúß ×ÛúŸÖ®Öß ´ÖÖ¡ÖÖ Ûîú£ÖÖê›ü ¯Ö¸ü ×®ÖõÖê×¯ÖŸÖ ÆüÖêÝÖß µÖפü AgNO3 Ûêú ×¾Ö»ÖµÖ®Ö ÛúÖê 2 ‹ê×´¯ÖµÖ¸ü Ûúß ¬ÖÖ¸üÖ ÃÖê
15 ×´Ö®Ö™ü ŸÖÛú ¾ÖîªãŸÖ †¯Ö‘Ö×™üŸÖ ×ÛúµÖÖ ÝÖµÖÖ ? 2+1=3
(פüµÖÖ Æîü : ´ÖÖê»Ö¸ü ¦ü¾µÖ´ÖÖ®Ö : Ag = 108 g mol–1 1F = 96500 C mol–1).
(²Ö) ‘‡Õ¬Ö®Ö ÃÖê»Ö’ ÛúÖê ¯Ö׸ü³ÖÖ×ÂÖŸÖ Ûúßו֋ …
(a) Calculate the mass of Ag deposited at cathode when a current of 2 amperes was
passed through a solution of AgNO3 for 15 minutes.
(Given : Molar mass of Ag = 108 g mol–1 1F = 96500 C mol–1)
(b) Define fuel cell.

13. (i) ÃÖÓÛãú»Ö [Co(NH3)6] [Cr(CN)6] ×ÛúÃÖ ¯ÖÏÛúÖ¸ü Ûúß ÃÖ´ÖÖ¾ÖµÖ¾ÖŸÖÖ ×¤üÜÖÖŸÖÖ Æîü ? 1×3=3
(ii) [Ni(H2O)6]2+ ÛúÖ ×¾Ö»ÖµÖ®Ö Æü¸üÖ ŒµÖÖë ÆüÖêŸÖÖ Æîü, •Ö²Ö×Ûú [Ni(CN)4]2– ÛúÖ ×¾Ö»ÖµÖ®Ö ¸ÓüÝÖÆüß®Ö Æîü ?
(Ni ÛúÖ ¯Ö¸ü´ÖÖÞÖã ÛÎú´ÖÖÓÛú = 28)
(iii) ÃÖÓÛãú»Ö [Co(NH3)5(CO3)]Cl ÛúÖ IUPAC ®ÖÖ´Ö ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ …
(i) What type of isomerism is shown by the complex [Co(NH3)6] [Cr(CN)6] ?
(ii) Why a solution of [Ni(H2O)6]2+ is green while a solution of [Ni(CN)4]2– is
colourless ? (At. no. of Ni = 28)
(iii) Write the IUPAC name of the following complex : [Co(NH3)5(CO3)]Cl.

14. ×®Ö´®Ö ´Öë ÃÖê ¯ÖÏŸµÖêÛú Ûêú ²Öß“Ö ‹Ûú †ÓŸÖ¸ü ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ : 1×3=3
(i) ¦ü¾Ö×¾Ö¸üÖÝÖß ÃÖÖò»Ö ‹¾ÖÓ ¦ü¾Ö¸üÖÝÖß ÃÖÖò»Ö
(ii) ×¾Ö»ÖµÖ®Ö ‹¾ÖÓ ÛúÖê»ÖÖò‡›ü
(iii) ÃÖ´ÖÖÓÝÖß ˆŸ¯ÖÏê¸üÞÖ ‹¾ÖÓ ×¾ÖÂÖ´ÖÖÓÝÖß ˆŸ¯ÖÏê¸üÞÖ
Write one difference in each of the following :
(i) Lyophobic sol and Lyophilic sol
(ii) Solution and Colloid
(iii) Homogeneous catalysis and Heterogeneous catalysis

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15. ×®Ö´®Ö †×³Ö×ÛÎúµÖÖ Ûêú ×»Ö‹ פüµÖê ÝÖµÖê †ÖÑÛú›Ìêü ¯ÖÏÖ¯ŸÖ Æãü‹ : 3
N2O5 → 2NO2 + ½O2
t/s 0 300 600
–2 –2
[N2O5]/mol L –1
1.6 × 10 0.8 × 10 0.4 × 10–2
(†) µÖÆü ¤ü¿ÖÖÔ‡‹ ×Ûú †×³Ö×ÛÎúµÖÖ ¯ÖÏ£Ö´Ö ÛúÖê×™ü Ûúß Æîü …
(²Ö) †¬ÖÖÔµÖã Ûúß ÝÖÞÖ®ÖÖ Ûúßו֋ …
(פüµÖÖ Æîü : log 2 = 0.3010, log 4 = 0.6021)
Following data are obtained for the reaction :
N2O5 → 2NO2 + ½O2
t/s 0 300 600
[N2O5]/mol L–1 1.6 × 10–2 0.8 × 10–2 0.4 × 10–2
(a) Show that it follows first order reaction.
(b) Calculate the half-life.
(Given log 2 = 0.3010 log 4 = 0.6021)

16. †Ö¯ÖÛúÖê ×®Ö´®Ö×»Ö×ÜÖŸÖ µÖÖî×ÝÖÛú פüµÖê ÝÖ‹ Æïü : 1×3=3


2-²ÖÎÖê´ÖÖê¯Öê®™êü®Ö, 2-²ÖÎÖê´ÖÖê-2-´Öê×£Ö»Ö²µÖæ™êü®Ö, 1-²ÖÎÖê´ÖÖê¯Öê®™êü®Ö
(i) SN2 †×³Ö×ÛÎúµÖÖ ´Öë ÃÖ²ÖÃÖê †×¬ÖÛú †×³Ö×ÛÎúµÖÖ¿Öᯙ µÖÖî×ÝÖÛú ÛúÖ ®ÖÖ´Ö ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ …
(ii) ¬ÖÐã¾ÖÞÖ ‘ÖæÞÖÔÛú µÖÖî×ÝÖÛú ÛúÖ ®ÖÖ´Ö ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ …
(iii) β-×¾Ö»ÖÖê¯Ö®Ö ´Öë ÃÖ²ÖÃÖê †×¬ÖÛú †×³Ö×ÛÎúµÖÖ¿Öᯙ µÖÖî×ÝÖÛú ÛúÖ ®ÖÖ´Ö ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ …
Following compounds are given to you :
2-Bromopentane, 2-Bromo-2-methylbutane, 1-Bromopentane
(i) Write the compound which is most reactive towards SN2 reaction.
(ii) Write the compound which is optically active.
(iii) Write the compound which is most reactive towards β-elimination reaction.

17. (†) •Ö´Öì×®ÖµÖ´Ö Ûêú ¯Ö׸üÂÛú¸üÞÖ ´Öë ÛúÖ´Ö †Ö®Öê ¾ÖÖ»Öß ×¾Ö×¬Ö ÃÖê ÃÖÓ²ÖÓ×¬ÖŸÖ ×ÃÖ¨üÖ®ŸÖ ÛúÖ ˆ»»ÖêÜÖ Ûúßו֋ … 1×3=3
(²Ö) PbS ŸÖ£ÖÖ PbCO3 ´Öë ÃÖê (»Öê›ü Ûêú †µÖÃÛú), ×ÛúÃÖ ‹Ûú ÛúÖê ´Öãֵܵ֟ÖÖ: ±êú®Ö ¯»Ö¾Ö®Ö ×¾Ö×¬Ö ÃÖê ÃÖÖÓצüŸÖ ×ÛúµÖÖ
•ÖÖŸÖÖ Æîü ?
(ÃÖ) ‹ê»Öã×´Ö×®ÖµÖ´Ö Ûêú ×®ÖÂÛúÂÖÔÞÖ ´Öë ×®ÖõÖÖ»Ö®Ö ÛúÖ ŒµÖÖ ´ÖÆü¢¾Ö Æîü ?
(a) Write the principle of method used for the refining of germanium.
(b) Out of PbS and PbCO3 (ores of lead), which one is concentrated by froth
floatation process preferably ?
(c) What is the significance of leaching in the extraction of aluminium ?

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18. ×®Ö´®Ö †×³Ö×ÛÎúµÖÖ†Öë ´Öë A, B ŸÖ£ÖÖ C µÖÖî×ÝÖÛúÖë Ûúß ÃÖÓ¸ü“Ö®ÖÖ ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ : 1½ × 2 = 3
(a) CO2(g) PCl5
Mg/¿ÖãÂÛú ‡Ô£Ö¸ü A →
(i) C6H5Br → B → C
(b) H3O+
(a) SnCl2/HCl ŸÖ®Öã NaOH ∆
(ii) CH3CN → A → B → C
(b) H3O+
†£Ö¾ÖÖ
×®Ö´®Ö×»Ö×ÜÖŸÖ ºþ¯ÖÖÓŸÖ¸üÞÖÖë ÛúÖê †×¬ÖÛúŸÖ´Ö ¤üÖê “Ö¸üÞÖÖë ´Öë Ûúßו֋ : 1×3=3
(i) ²ÖꮕÖÌÖê‡Ûú †´»Ö ÃÖê ²ÖꮕÖÌê×»›üÆüÖ‡›ü
(ii) ‹£Öᯙ ²ÖꮕÖß®Ö ÃÖê ²ÖꮕÖÖê‡Ûú †´»Ö
(iii) ¯ÖÏÖê¯Öê®ÖÖê®Ö ÃÖê ¯ÖÏÖê¯Öß®Ö
Write structures of compounds A, B and C in each of the following reactions :
(a) CO2(g) PCl5
Mg/dry ether A →
(i) C6H5Br → B → C
(b) H3O+
(a) SnCl2/HCl dil. NaOH ∆
(ii) CH3CN → A → B → C
(b) H3O+
OR
Do the following conversions in not more than two steps :
(i) Benzoic acid to benzaldehyde
(ii) Ethyl benzene to Benzoic acid
(iii) Prapanone to Propene

19. ×®Ö´®Ö×»Ö×ÜÖŸÖ ²ÖÆãü»ÖÛúÖë ÛúÖê ¯ÖÏÖ¯ŸÖ Ûú¸ü®Öê Ûêú ×»Ö‹ ¯ÖϵÖãŒŸÖ ‹Ûú»ÖÛúÖë Ûúß ÃÖÓ¸ü“Ö®ÖÖ ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ : 1×3=3
(i) ›êüÛÎúÖò®Ö
(ii) ´Öê»Öî´Öß®Ö-±úÖò´Öì»›üßÆüÖ‡›ü ²ÖÆãü»ÖÛú
(iii) ²µÖæ®ÖÖ-N
Write the structures of the monomers used for getting the following polymers :
(i) Dacron
(ii) Melamine – formaldehyde polymer
(iii) Buna-N

20. ×®Ö´®Ö ÛúÖê ¯Ö׸ü³ÖÖ×ÂÖŸÖ Ûúßו֋ : 1×3=3


(i) ŠúÞÖÖµÖ®Öß †¯Ö´ÖÖ•ÖÔÛú
(ii) ×¾ÖßÖéŸÖ ïÖꌙÒü´Ö ¯ÖÏן֕Öß¾ÖÖÞÖã
(iii) ¯ÖæןָüÖê¬Öß
Define the following :
(i) Anionic detergents
(ii) Broad spectrum antibiotics
(iii) Antiseptic

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21. ÛúÖ¸ÞÖ ¤üßו֋ : 1×3=3
(i) ŸÖÖ¯ÖßµÖ Ã£ÖÖ×µÖŸ¾Ö H2O ÃÖê H2Te ŸÖÛú Ûú´Ö ÆüÖêŸÖÖ •ÖÖŸÖÖ Æîü …

(ii) Œ»ÖÖê¸üÖ‡›ü †ÖµÖ®Ö Ûúß †¯ÖêõÖÖ °»ÖÖê¸üÖ‡›ü †ÖµÖ®Ö Ûúß •Ö»ÖµÖÖê•Ö®Ö ‹®£ÖÖß ˆ““ÖŸÖ¸ü ÆüÖêŸÖß Æîü …
(iii) ®ÖÖ‡™ÒüÖê•Ö®Ö ¯Öê®™üÖÆîü»ÖÖ‡›ü ®ÖÆüà ²Ö®ÖÖŸÖÖ …
Give reasons:
(i) Thermal stability decreases from H2O to H2Te.

(ii) Fluoride ion has higher hydration enthalpy than chloride ion.
(iii) Nitrogen does not form pentahalide.

22. ÛúÖ¸üÞÖ ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ : 1×3=3


(i) ‹ê×®Ö»Öß®Ö ÛúÖ ‹êÃÖß×™ü»Ö®Ö ‡ÃÖÛúÖ ÃÖ×ÛÎúµÖÞÖ ¯ÖϳÖÖ¾Ö Ûú´Ö Ûú¸ŸÖÖ Æîü …
(ii) CH3NH2 ÛúÖ õÖÖ¸üÛúßµÖ ÝÖãÞÖ C6H5NH2 Ûúß ŸÖã»Ö®ÖÖ ´Öë †×¬ÖÛú ÆüÖêŸÖÖ Æîü …
(iii) µÖª×¯Ö –NH2 ÃÖ´ÖæÆü o/p ×®Ö¤ìü¿ÖÛú ÆüÖêŸÖÖ Æîü ×±ú¸ü ³Öß ‹ê×®Ö»Öß®Ö ®ÖÖ‡™ÒüßÛú¸üÞÖ «üÖ¸üÖ µÖ£Öê™ü ´ÖÖ¡ÖÖ ´Öë
´Öê™üÖ®ÖÖ‡™ÒüÖê‹®Öß»Öß®Ö ¤êüŸÖß Æîü …
Give reasons :
(i) Acetylation of aniline reduces its activation effect.
(ii) CH3NH2 is more basic than C6H5NH2.

(iii) Although –NH2 is o/p directing group, yet aniline on nitration gives a significant
amount of m-nitroaniline.

23. ™üß.¾Öß. ´Öë ‹Ûú ¯ÖÏÖêÝÖÏÖ´Ö ´Öë ²ÖÎê›ü ŸÖ£ÖÖ ¤æüÃÖ¸êü ²ÖêÛú¸üß ˆŸ¯ÖÖ¤üÖë ´Öë ¯ÖÖê™îü×¿ÖµÖ´Ö ²ÖÎÖê´Öê™ü †Öî¸ü ¯ÖÖê™îü×¿ÖµÖ´Ö †ÖµÖÖê›êü™ü •ÖîÃÖê
ÛúÖÃÖÔ®ÖÖê•Öê×®ÖÛú (ÛïúÃÖ¸üÛúÖ¸üß) ¸üÃÖÖµÖ®ÖÖë Ûúß ˆ¯Ö×ãÖ×ŸÖ ¤êüÜÖ®Öê Ûêú ²ÖÖ¤ü, ׸üŸÖã, ²ÖÖ¸üÆü¾Öà ÛúõÖÖ Ûúß ”ûÖ¡ÖÖ, ®Öê ¤æüÃÖ¸üÖë ÛúÖê
ÜÖÖª-¯Ö¤üÖ£ÖÖí ´Öë ‡®Ö ÛúÖÃÖÔ®ÖÖê•Öê®Ö ÃÖê ÆüÖê®Öê ¾ÖÖ»Öê ®ÖãÛúÃÖÖ®Ö Ûêú ²ÖÖ¸êü ´Öë •ÖÖÝÖéŸÖ Ûú¸ü®Öê ÛúÖ ×®Ö¿“ÖµÖ ×ÛúµÖÖ … ¾ÖÆü ÃÛæú»Ö
¯ÖϬÖÖ®ÖÖ“ÖÖµÖÔ ÃÖê ×´Ö»Öß †Öî¸ü ˆ®ÖÃÖê Ûîú®™üß®Ö šêüÛêú¤üÖ¸ü ÛúÖê †Ö¤êü¿Ö ¤ëü®Öê ÛúÖ †ÖÝÖÏÆü ×ÛúµÖÖ ×Ûú ¾ÖÆü ×¾ÖªÖÙ£ÖµÖÖë ÛúÖê
ÃÖî®›ü×¾Ö“Ö, ׯ֕•ÖÖ, ²ÖÝÖÔ¸ü †Öî¸ü ¤æüÃÖ¸êü ²ÖêÛú¸üß ˆŸ¯ÖÖ¤ü ®Ö ²Öê“Öë … ¯ÖϬÖÖ®ÖÖ“ÖÖµÖÔ ®Öê ŸÖŸÛúÖ»Ö Ûú¤ü´Ö ˆšüÖŸÖê Æãü‹ Ûîú®™üß®Ö
šêüÛêú¤üÖ¸ü ÛúÖê ²ÖêÛú¸üß ˆŸ¯ÖÖ¤üÖë Ûúß •ÖÝÖÆü ¯ÖÏÖê™üß®Ö ‹¾ÖÓ ×¾Ö™üÖ×´Ö®Ö ÃÖê ³Ö¸ü¯Öæ¸ü ÜÖÖ®ÖÖ •ÖîÃÖê ±ú»Ö, ÃÖ»ÖÖ¤ü, †ÓÛãú׸üŸÖ ¯Ö¤üÖ£ÖÔ,
¸üÜÖ®Öê ÛúÖ †Ö¤êü¿Ö פüµÖÖ … ‡ÃÖ ×®ÖÞÖÔµÖ ÛúÖ ÃÖ³Öß ´ÖÖŸÖÖ-ׯ֟ÖÖ ŸÖ£ÖÖ ×¾ÖªÖÙ£ÖµÖÖë ®Öê þÖÖÝÖŸÖ ×ÛúµÖÖ …
ˆ¯ÖµÖãÔŒŸÖ ¯ÖÏÛú¸üÞÖ ÛúÖê ¯ÖœÌü®Öê Ûêú ²ÖÖ¤ü, ×®Ö´®Ö×»Ö×ÜÖŸÖ ¯ÖÏ¿®ÖÖë Ûêú ˆ¢Ö¸ü ¤üßו֋ :
(i) ׸üŸÖã «üÖ¸üÖ ×Ûú®Ö ´Ö滵ÖÖë (Ûú´Ö-ÃÖê-Ûú´Ö ¤üÖê) ÛúÖê ¤ü¿ÖÖÔµÖÖ ÝÖµÖÖ Æîü ?
(ii) †Ö´ÖŸÖÖî¸ü ÃÖê ²ÖÎê›ü ´Öë ÛúÖ²ÖÖìÆüÖ‡›Òêü™ü ÛúÖ ÛúÖî®Ö ÃÖÖ ¯ÖÖò×»ÖÃÖîÛîú¸üÖ‡›ü ‘Ö™üÛú ÆüÖêŸÖÖ Æîü ?
(iii) ¯ÖÏÖê™üß®ÖÖë Ûúß ×«üŸÖßµÖÛú ÃÖÓ¸ü“Ö®ÖÖ Ûêú ¤üÖê ¯ÖÏÛúÖ¸ü ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ …
(iv) •Ö»Ö ×¾Ö»ÖêµÖ ×¾Ö™üÖ×´Ö®Ö Ûêú ¤üÖê ˆ¤üÖÆü¸üÞÖ ¤üßו֋ … 4
7
(i) What are the values (at least two) displayed by Ritu ?
(ii) Which polysaccharide component of carbohydrates is commonly present in bread ?
(iii) Write the two types of secondary structure of proteins.
(iv) Give two examples of water soluble vitamins.

24. (†) ×®Ö´®Ö Ûêú ÛúÖ¸üÞÖ ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ : 3+2=5


(i) ÃÖÓÛÎú´ÖÞÖ ¬ÖÖŸÖã‹Ñ †®ÖêÛú ÃÖÓÛãú»Ö µÖÖî×ÝÖÛúÖë Ûúß ¸ü“Ö®ÖÖ Ûú¸üŸÖê Æïü …
(ii) ÃÖÓÛÎú´ÖÞÖ ¬ÖÖŸÖã ÛúÖ ×®Ö´®ÖŸÖ´Ö †ÖòŒÃÖÖ‡›ü õÖÖ¸üÛúßµÖ Æîü, •Ö²Ö×Ûú ˆ““ÖŸÖ´Ö †ÖòŒÃÖÖ‡›ü ˆ³ÖµÖ¬Ö´Öá µÖÖ
†´»ÖßµÖ ÆüÖêŸÖÖ Æîü …
(iii) Mn3+/Mn2+ µÖãÝ´Ö Ûêú ×»Ö‹ E° ÛúÖ ´ÖÖ®Ö Cr3+/Cr2+ Ûúß ŸÖã»Ö®ÖÖ ´Öë ²ÖÆãüŸÖ †×¬ÖÛú ¬Ö®ÖÖŸ´ÖÛú
(+1.57 V) ÆüÖêŸÖÖ Æîü …
(²Ö) »ÖÖê®ÖÖòµÖ›ü ‹¾ÖÓ ‹ê׌™ü®ÖÖòµÖ›ü Ûêú ¸üÃÖÖµÖ®Ö Ûêú ²Öß“Ö ‹Ûú ÃÖ´ÖÖ®ÖŸÖÖ †Öî¸ü ‹Ûú †ÓŸÖ¸ü ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ …
†£Ö¾ÖÖ
(†) (i) ÃÖÓÛÎú´ÖÞÖ ¬ÖÖŸÖã†Öë Ûúß †ÖòŒÃÖßÛú¸üÞÖ †¾ÖãÖÖ†Öë ´Öë ¯Ö׸ü¾ÖŸÖÔ®Ö¿Ö߻֟ÖÖ p-²»ÖÖòÛú Ûêú ŸÖŸ¾ÖÖë ÃÖê ×ÛúÃÖ
¯ÖÏÛúÖ¸ü ׳֮®Ö Æïü ?
(ii) Cu+ †Öî¸ü Cu2+ ŸÖß ŸÖã»Ö®ÖÖ ´Öë, ÛúÖî®Ö ÃÖÖ †ÖµÖ®Ö •Ö»ÖßµÖ ×¾Ö»ÖµÖ®Ö ´Öë †Ã£ÖÖµÖß Æîü †Öî¸ü ŒµÖÖë ?
(iii) Cr2O72– ÛúÖ ®ÖÖ¸ÓüÝÖß ¸ÓüÝÖ õÖÖ¸üßµÖ ´ÖÖ¬µÖ´Ö ´Öë ¯Öß»Öê ¸ÓüÝÖ ´Öë ²Ö¤ü»Ö •ÖÖŸÖÖ Æîü … ŒµÖÖë ? 3+2=5

(²Ö) ‹×Œ™ü®ÖÖòµÖ›ü ÛúÖ ¸üÃÖÖµÖ®Ö »ÖÖê®ÖÖòµÖ›ü Ûúß ŸÖã»Ö®ÖÖ ´Öë •Ö×™ü»Ö Æîü … ¤üÖê ÛúÖ¸üÞÖ ¤üßו֋ …
(a) Account for the following :
(i) Transition metals form large number of complex compounds.
(ii) The lowest oxide of transition metal is basic whereas the highest oxide is
amphoteric or acidic.
(iii) E° value for the Mn3+/Mn2+ couple is highly positive (+1.57 V) as
compare to Cr3+/Cr2+.
8
(b) Write one similarity and one difference between the chemistry of lanthanoid and
actinoid elements.
OR
(a) (i) How is the variability in oxidation states of transition metals different from
that of the p-block elements ?
(ii) Out of Cu+ and Cu2+, which ion is unstable in aqueous solution and why ?
(iii) Orange colour of Cr2O72– ion changes to yellow when treated with an
alkali. Why ?
(b) Chemistry of actinoids is complicated as compared to lanthanoids. Give two
reasons.

25. (†) ‹Ûú ŸÖ¢¾Ö ÛúÖ ¯Ö¸ü´ÖÖ×Þ¾ÖÛú ¦ü¾µÖ´ÖÖ®Ö 93 g mol–1 †Öî¸ü ‘Ö®ÖŸ¾Ö 11.5 g cm–3 Æîü … µÖפü ‹ÛúÛú ÛúÖêךüÛúÖ
Ûêú ÛúÖê¸ü Ûúß »Ö´²ÖÖ‡Ô 300 pm Æîü, ŸÖÖê ‹ÛúÛú ÛúÖêךüÛúÖ Ûêú ¯ÖÏÛúÖ¸ü Ûúß ¯ÖÆü“ÖÖ®Ö Ûúßו֋ … 3+2=5
(²Ö) †×ÛÎúÙü»ÖßµÖ šüÖêÃÖ ‹¾ÖÓ ×ÛÎúÙü»ÖßµÖ šüÖêÃÖ Ûêú ²Öß“Ö ¤üÖê †ÓŸÖ¸ü ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ …
†£Ö¾ÖÖ
(†) ‹ê»Öã×´Ö×®ÖµÖ´Ö Ûêú 8.1 g ´Öë ×ÛúŸÖ®Öß ‹ÛúÛú ÛúÖêךüÛúÖ‹Ñ ÆüÖëÝÖß µÖפü µÖÆü f.c.c. ÃÖÓ¸ü“Ö®ÖÖ ´Öë ×ÛÎúÙü»ÖßÛéúŸÖ ÆüÖêŸÖÖ Æîü …
(Al ÛúÖ ¯Ö¸ü´ÖÖ×Þ¾ÖÛú ¦ü¾µÖ´ÖÖ®Ö = 27 g mol–1) 2+3=5
(²Ö) ÛúÖ¸üÞÖ ¤üßו֋ :
(i) ÙüÖ‡×ÛúµÖÖê´Öß™Òüß ¤üÖêÂÖ ´Öë, NaCl ¿ÖÖ™ËüÛúß ¤üÖêÂÖ ×¤üÜÖÖŸÖÖ Æîü ®Ö ×Ûú ±ÏëúÛêú»Ö ¤üÖêÂÖ …
(ii) ×ÃÖ×»ÖÛú®Ö ÛúÖê ±úÖòñúÖê¸üÃÖ Ûêú ÃÖÖ£Ö †¯Ö×´Ö×ÁÖŸÖ Ûú¸ü®Öê ¯Ö¸ü n-¯ÖÏÛúÖ¸ü ÛúÖ †¬ÖÔ“ÖÖ»ÖÛú ¯ÖÏÖ¯ŸÖ ÆüÖêŸÖÖ Æîü …
(iii) ±êú¸üß“ÖãÓ²ÖÛúŸ¾Ö ¯Ö¤üÖ£ÖÔ, ¯ÖÏןֻÖÖêÆü “ÖãÓ²ÖÛúŸ¾Ö ¯Ö¤üÖ£ÖÖí Ûúß ŸÖã»Ö®ÖÖ ´Öë ²ÖêÆüŸÖ¸ü “ÖãÓ²ÖÛúßµÖ ÝÖãÞÖ ¤ü¿ÖÖÔŸÖê Æïü …
(a) An element has atomic mass 93 g mol–1 and density 11.5 g cm–3. If the edge
length of its unit cell is 300 pm, identify the type of unit cell.
(b) Write any two differences between amorphous solids and crystalline solids.
OR
(a) Calculate the number of unit cells in 8.1 g of aluminium if it crystallizes in a
f.c.c. structure. (Atomic mass of Al = 27 g mol–1)
(b) Give reasons :
(i) In stoichiometric defects, NaCl exhibits Schottky defect and not Frenkel
defect.
(ii) Silicon on doping with Phosphorus forms n-type semiconductor.
(iii) Ferrimagnetic substances show better magnetism than antiferromagnetic
substances.
9
26. (†) ×®Ö´®Ö †×³Ö×ÛÎúµÖÖ†Öë Ûêú ˆŸ¯ÖÖ¤üÖë ÛúÖê ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ : 3+2=5

(CH3CO)2O
(i) → ?
H+

CH3
| HI
(ii) CH3 – CH – O – CH2 – CH3 → ? + ?

PCC
(iii) CH3 – CH = CH – CH2 – OH → ?

(²Ö) ×®Ö´®Ö×»Ö×ÜÖŸÖ µÖÖî×ÝÖÛú µÖãÝÖ»ÖÖë ´Öë ×¾Ö³Öê¤ü Ûú¸ü®Öê Ûêú ×»Ö‹ ÃÖ¸ü»Ö ¸üÖÃÖÖµÖ×®ÖÛú ¯Ö¸üßõÖÞÖ ¤üßו֋ :
(i) ‹ê£Öê®ÖÖò»Ö †Öî¸ü ±Ìúß®ÖÖò»Ö
(ii) ¯ÖÏÖê¯Öê®ÖÖò»Ö †Öî¸ü 2-´Öê×£Ö»Ö¯ÖÏÖê¯Öê®Ö-2-†Öò»Ö
†£Ö¾ÖÖ
(†) ×®Ö´®Ö×»Ö×ÜÖŸÖ †×³Ö×ÛÎúµÖÖ†Öë ´Öë ¯ÖϵÖãŒŸÖ †×³ÖÛú´ÖÔÛúÖë Ûêú ÃÖæ¡Ö ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ : 2+2+1=5
(i) ±Ìúß®ÖÖò»Ö ÛúÖ 2,4,6-™ÒüÖ‡²ÖÎÖê´ÖÖê±Ìúß®ÖÖò»Ö ´Öë ²ÖÎÖê´Ö֮߮Ö
(ii) ¯ÖÏÖê¯Öß®Ö ÛúÖ ÆüÖ‡›ÒüÖê²ÖÖê¸üÖò®Ö®Ö †Öî¸ü †ÖòŒÃÖßÛú¸üÞÖ Ûêú «üÖ¸üÖ ¯ÖÏÖê¯Öê®ÖÖò»Ö ÛúÖ ²Ö®Ö®ÖÖ
(²Ö) ×®Ö´®Ö×»Ö×ÜÖŸÖ µÖÖî×ÝÖÛú ÃÖ´ÖæÆüÖë ÛúÖê ˆ®ÖÛêú ÃÖÖ´Ö®Öê ¤ü¿ÖÖÔ‹ ÝÖãÞÖ¬Ö´ÖÖí Ûêú ²ÖœÌüŸÖê ÛÎú´Ö ´Öë ¾µÖ¾Ö×Ã£ÖŸÖ Ûúßו֋ :
(i) p-®ÖÖ‡™ÒüÖê±úÌ ß®ÖÖò»Ö, ‹ê£Öê®ÖÖò»Ö, ±úß®ÖÖò»Ö (†´»ÖßµÖ Ã¾Ö³ÖÖ¾Ö)
(ii) ¯ÖÏÖê¯Öê®ÖÖò»Ö, ¯ÖÏÖê¯Öê®Ö, ¯ÖÏÖê¯Öê®Öî»Ö (Œ¾Ö£Ö®ÖÖÓÛú)
(ÃÖ) ×®Ö´®Ö×»Ö×ÜÖŸÖ †×³Ö×ÛÎúµÖÖ (‘Öã´ÖÖ¾Ö¤üÖ¸ü ŸÖ߸ü †ÓÛú®Ö ÛúÖ ˆ¯ÖµÖÖêÝÖ Ûú¸üŸÖê Æãü‹) Ûúß ×ÛÎúµÖÖ×¾Ö×¬Ö ×»Ö×ÜÖ‹ :
+ CH3CH2OH +
CH3 – CH2 – OH2 → CH3 – CH2 – O – CH2 – CH3 + H2O
|
H
(a) Write the product(s) in the following reactions :

(CH3CO)2O
(i) → ?
H+

CH3
| HI
(ii) CH3 – CH – O – CH2 – CH3 → ? + ?

PCC
(iii) CH3 – CH = CH – CH2 – OH → ?

10
(b) Give simple chemical tests to distinguish between the following pairs of
compounds :
(i) Ethanol and Phenol
(ii) Propanol and 2-methylpropan-2-ol
OR
(a) Write the formula of reagents used in the following reactions :
(i) Bromination of phenol to 2,4,6-tribromophenol
(ii) Hydroboration of propene and then oxidation to propanol.
(b) Arrange the following compound groups in the increasing order of their property
indicated :
(i) p-nitrophenol, ethanol, phenol (acidic character)
(ii) Propanol, Propane, Propanal (boiling point)
(c) Write the mechanism (using curved arrow notation) of the following reaction :
+ CH3CH2OH +
CH3 – CH2 – OH2 → CH3 – CH2 – O – CH2 – CH3 + H2O
|
H

11
Marking scheme – 2017

CHEMISTRY (043)/ CLASS XII

Q.No Value Points Marks


1 MnO4- / KMnO4 1
2 N-Ethyl-N-methylethanamine 1
3 First order 1
4 BrCH2CH=CHCH2Cl 1
5 Both are surface phenomenon / both increase with increase in surface area (or any 1
other correct similarity)
6 (i)NH3 +3 Cl2 (excess) NCl3 + 3HCl 1
(ii)XeF6 + 2H2O XeO2F2 + 4HF 1
OR
6 (i) (NH4)2Cr2 O7 N2 + 4H2O + Cr2O3 1
(ii) 4H3PO3 3H3PO4 +PH3 1
7 (i) Properties that are independent of nature of solute and depend on 1
number of moles of solute only.
(ii) Number of moles of solute dissolved per kg of the solvent . 1
8 (i) 1

(ii)
1

9 Λ oCH3COOH = λo CH3COO- + λo H+ ½
= 40.9 + 349.6 = 390.5 S cm2/mol ½
Now, α = Λm /Λo m ½
= 39.05 / 390.5 = 0.1 ½
10. (i)

or

(ii)
or
1

11 ΔTf = Kf m ½
Here , m = w2x 1000/ M2XM1
273.15-269.15 = Kf x 10 x1000/ 342 x90 1
Kf = 12.3 K kg/mol ½
ΔTf = Kf m
= 12.3 x 10 x1000/ 180x90
= 7.6 K
Tf = 273.15 – 7.6 = 265.55 K (or any other correct method) 1
12 (i)m = ZIt ½
= 108x2x15 x60 1
1×96500
= 2.01 g (or any other correct method) ½
(ii) Cells that converts the energy of combustion of fuels directly into electrical 1
energy.
13 (i) Coordination isomerism 1
(ii) Unpaired electrons in [Ni(H2O)6]2+ / d-d transition 1
(iii) Pentaamminecarbonatocobalt(III) Chloride 1
14 (i) Lyophobic are liquid(dispersion medium)-hating and lyophillic are 1
liquid(dispersion medium)-loving colloids.
(ii) Solution is a Homogenous mixture while colloid is heterogenous mixture 1
/ does not show Tyndall effect -shows Tyndall effect.
(iii) Homogenous catalysis : reactants and catalyst are in same phase - 1
Heterogeneous catalysis: reactants and catalyst are not in same phase.
(or any other correct difference)
15 2.303 [A]o ½
(a) k = 𝑡
log [A]
2.303 1.6 × 10 −2
= 300
log 0.8 × 10 −2

2.303 ½
= log 2 = 2.31 x10-3 s-1
300

2.303 [A]o
At 600 s, k = log ½
𝑡 [A]
2.303 1.6 × 10 −2
= 600 log 0.4 × 10 −2

= 2.31x10-3 s-1

k is constant when using first order equation therefore it follows first order ½
kinetics.
or
In equal time interval, half of the reactant gets converted into product and
the rate of reaction is independent of concentration of reactant, so it is a
first order reaction.

(b) t1/2 = 0.693/k


= 0.693/ 2.31x10-3
= 300 s
(If student writes directly that half life is 300 s , award full marks) 1
16 (i) 1- Bromopentane 1
(ii) 2-Bromopentane 1
(iii) 2-Bromo-2-methylbutane 1
17 (i) The impurities are more soluble in the melt than in the solid state of the metal. 1
(ii)PbS 1
(iii)Impurities like SiO2 etc are removed by using NaOH solution and pure alumina is 1
obtained .
18. (i) A : C6H5MgBr B : C6H5COOH C : C6H5COCl ½×3
½×3
(ii)A : CH3CHO B : CH3CH(OH)CH2CHO C : CH3CH=CHCHO

OR
18 (i) C6H5COOH SOCl2 C6H5COCl H2 , Pd – BaSO4 C6H5CHO 1

(ii) C6H5C2H5 K2Cr2O7 / H+ C6H5COOH 1


(iii)CH3COCH3 NaBH CH3CH(OH)CH3 conc.H2SO4 CH3CH=CH2
4
1
(or any other correct method)
19. ½+ ½
(i) HOCH2CH2OH + HOOC COOH

(ii) ½+ ½

+ HCHO

(iii)CH2=CH-CH=CH2 + CH2=CHCN ½+ ½
20. (i) Anionic detergents are sodium salts of sulphonated long chain alcohols or 1
hydrocarbons / alkylbenzene sulphonate or detergents whose anionic part is
involved in cleansing action. 1
(ii)Broad spectrum antibiotics: Antibiotics which kill or inhibit a wide range of
Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.
1
(iii) Antiseptics are the chemicals which either kill or prevent growth of microbes
on living tissues.
21 (i) Due to the decrease in bond dissociation enthalpy / due to increase in 1
atomic size from O to Te. 1
(ii) Due to small size of fluoride ion / high charge density of fluoride ion / 1
high charge size ratio of fluoride ion.
(iii) Absence of d-orbitals.
22 (i) Due to the resonance, the electron pair of nitrogen atom gets delocalised 1
towards carbonyl group / resonating structures.
(ii)Because of +I effect in methylamine electron density at nitrogen increases
whereas in aniline resonance takes place and electron density on nitrogen 1
decreases / resonating structures.
1
(iii)Due to protonation of aniline / formation of anilinium ion
23 (i)concerned , caring, socially alert, leadership ( or any other 2 values) ½+½
(ii)starch 1
(iii)α -Helix and β-pleated sheets ½+½
(iv)Vitamin B / B1 / B2/ B6 / C (any two ) ½+½
24 a) (i) Due to small size and high ionic charge / availability of d orbitals. 1
(ii) Higher is the oxidation state higher is the acidic character / as the 1
oxidation state of a metal increases, ionic character decreases
(iii) Because Mn2+ has d5 as a stable configuration whereas Cr3+ is more 1
stable due to stable t32g
b) Similarity-both are stable in +3 oxidation state/ both show contraction/
irregular electronic configuration (or any other suitable similarity) 1
Difference- actinoids are radioactive and lanthanoids are not / actinoids show
wide range of oxidation states but lanthanoids don’t (or any other correct 1
difference)
OR
24 a) i) In p block elements the difference in oxidation state is 2 and in transition 1
metals the difference is 1
ii) Cu+ , due to disproportionation reaction / low hydration enthalpy ½+½
iii) Due to formation of chromate ion / CrO42- ion, which is yellow in colour 1
b) Actinoids are radioactive , actinoids show wide range of oxidation states 1+1
25 (a)  = (zxM) /a3x Na ½
11.5 = z x 93 / [(300x10-10)3 x 6.02x1023] 1
Z = 2.0 ½
Body centred cubic(bcc) 1
(b)
Amorphous solids Crystalline solids
Short range order Long range order
Isotropic Anisotropic
1+1
(or any other correct difference)
OR
25 a) n= given mass / molar mass
= 8.1 / 27 mol ½
8.1
Number of atoms= 27 x 6.022x1023 ½
Number of atoms in one unit cell= 4 (fcc)
8.1
Number of unit cells = [ x 6.022x1023] / 4 ½
27
= 4.5 x1022 ½
Or
27g of Al contains= 6.022x1023 atoms ½
8.1g of Al contains =( 6.022x1023 / 27) x 8.1 ½
No of unit cells = total no of atoms /4
8.1
=[ 27 x 6.022x1023] / 4 ½
=4.5 x1022 ½
b) i) Due to comparable size of cation and anion / large size of sodium ion 1
ii) P has 5 valence e-, an extra electron results in the formation of n-type 1
semiconductor.
iii)In ferrimagnetism ,domains / magnetic moments are aligned in opposite
direction in unequal numbers while in antiferromagnetic the domains align in
1
opposite direction in equal numbers so they cancel magnetic moments
completely ,net magnetism is zero / diagrammatic representation.
26
1

a) i)
ii) (CH3)2CHOH and CH3CH2 I 1
iii) CH3CH=CHCHO 1
b) i) Add neutral FeCl3 to both the compounds, phenol gives violet complex. 1
ii) Add anhy ZnCl2 and conc. HCl to both the compounds, 1
2-methyl propan-2-ol gives turbidity immediately. (or any other correct test)
OR
26 a) i)Aq. Br2 1
ii)B2H6 , H2O2 and OH- 1

b) i) ethanol<phenol<p-nitrophenol 1
ii) propane<propanal<propanol 1

c)