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HOW TO IMPROVE BEARING Search the site Search

CAPACITY OF SOIL?
Suryakanta | February 20, 2015 | Building Construction, Construction, SUBSCRIBE TO BLOG
Geotechnical, How To, Soil | No Comments VIA EMAIL
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TECHNIQUES USED FOR IMPROVING
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BEARING CAPACITY OF SOIL
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The following techniques can be used for improving bearing
capacity of soil as per the site condition.
JOIN US ON
Increasing depth of foundation FACEBOOK
Draining the soil
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Compacting the soil 7,569 likes
Confining the soil
Replacing the poor soil
Using grouting material
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Stabilizing the soil with chemicals

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12 LOGICAL
STEPS TO
SELECT SOIL &
ROCK
PROPERTIES
February 4, 2016
1. INCREASING DEPTH OF FOUNDATION 7 MUST HAVE
PROPERTIES
At deeper depths, the over burden pressure on soil is higher; hence OF ASPHALT
the soil is more compacted at deeper depth. As a result it shows CONCRETE
February 3, 2016
higher bearing capacity. This is applicable only for cohesionless
soils such as sandy and gravelly soils. This method of improving
bearing capacity of soil is not applicable if the subsoil material QUALITY

grows wetter as depth increase. This method has a limited use


because with increase in depth, the weight and cost of foundation
REQUIREMENTS OF
also increases.
JOINTS IN RIGID
PAVEMENT
2. DRAINING THE SOIL February 2, 2016

With increase in percentage of water content in soil, the bearing


capacity decreases. In case of sandy soil, the bearing capacity may EFFECTS OF
reduce as much as 50% due to presence of water content. FLY ASH ON
CONCRETE
Cohesionless soils (i.e. sandy & gravelly soils) can be drained by
PROPERTIES
laying the porous pipes to a gentle slope, over a bed of sand and
January 31, 2016
filling the trenches above the pipes with loose boulders. These
trenches subsequently should lead to the nearest well or any water
QUALITY
body.

3. COMPACTING THE SOIL REQUIREMENTS OF


If we compact soil using appropriate method, then there will be DRINKING WATER
January 29, 2016
increase in its density and shear strength. As a result the bearing
capacity of soil also increases. There are many methods of
GUIDING
compacting soils on site. Few of them are mentioned below.
RULES TO
DECIDE DEPTH
By spreading broken stones, gravel or sand and thereafter
OF SOIL
ramming well in the bed of trenches. EXPLORATION
Using an appropriate roller as per the soil type to move at a January 28, 2016
specified speed.
Next »
Br driving concrete piles or wood piles and withdrawing piles
and subsequently filling the holes with sand or concrete.

4. CONFINING THE SOIL


In this method, the soils are enclosed with the help of sheet piles.
This confined soil is further compacted to get more strength. This
method is applicable for shallow foundations.

5. REPLACING THE POOR SOIL


In this method the poor soil is first removed and then the gap is
filled up by superior material such as sand, stone, gravel or any
other hard material. In order to do this, first excavate a foundation
trench of about 1.5 m deep, and then fill the hard material is stages
of 30 cm. Then compact the hard material at every stage. This
method is useful for foundations in black cotton soils.

6. USING GROUTING MATERIAL


This method is applicable for soils where there is presence of pores,
fissures or cracks etc underneath the foundation. In this method,
poor soil bearing strata is hardened by injecting the cement grout
under pressure, because it scales off any cracks or pores or fissures
etc. For proper distribution of the cement grout, the ground is
bored and perforated pipes are introduced to force the grout.

7. STABILIZING THE SOIL WITH


CHEMICALS
This method of improving bearing capacity of soil is costly and
applied in exceptional cases. In this method, chemical solutions,
like silicates of soda and calcium chloride is injected with pressure
into the soil. These chemical along with the soil particles form a gel
like structure and develop a compact mass.This is called chemical
stabilization of soil and used to give additional strength to soft soils
at deeper depths.

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Tags: Bearing Capacity, Site Investigation

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Suryakanta
Geotechnical-Material Engineer. You can
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