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You are on page 1of 46

Harun Alrasyid

INSTITUT TEKNOLOGI SEPULUH NOPEMBER

2 INTRODUCTION

In general, slabs are classified as being one way or two way. Slabs that primarily deflect in

one direction are referred to as one‐way slabs. When slabs are supported by columns

arranged generally in rows so that the slabs can deflect in two directions, they are usually

referred to as two‐way slabs.

Two‐way slabs can be strengthened by the addition of beams between the columns, by

thickening the slabs around the columns (drop panels), and by flaring the columns under

the slabs (column capitals).

3 INTRODUCTION

4 Shear Resistance of Slabs

For two‐way slabs supported by beams or walls, shears are calculated at a distance d

from the faces of the walls or beams. The value of φVc is, as for beams, φ2λ √f c bw d

Shear is not usually a problem for these types of slabs.

slabs at columns.

5 Slabs without Interior Beams

and with a ratio of its long span to short span not greater than 2.0,

the minimum thickness can be taken from Table 1. The values

selected from the table, however, must not be less than the

following values (ACI 9.5.3.2)

2. Thickness of those slabs with drop panels outside the panels 4 in.

6

Minimum Thickness of Slabs without Interior

Beams (Table 1)

7 Example 1

8 Example 1

9 Example 1

10 Example 1

Sections for edge beam and slab

11 Slabs with Interior Beams

The minimum thickness of slabs or other two‐way construction may be obtained by

substituting into the equations to follow. In the equations, the quantity β is used to

take into account the effect of the shape of the panel on its deflection, while the effect

of beams (if any) is represented by αfm . If there are no beams present (as is the case

for flat slabs), αfm will equal 0.

12 Example 2

13 Example 2

A two-way slab.

14 Example 2

15 Limitations of Direct Design Method

1. There must be at least three continuous spans in each direction.

2. The panels must be rectangular, with the length of the longer side of any panel not

being more than two times the length of its shorter side lengths being measured c

to c of supports.

3. Span lengths of successive spans in each direction may not differ in length by more

than one‐third of the longer span.

4. Columns may not be offset by more than 10% of the span length in the direction of

the offset from either axis between center lines of successive columns.

5. The unfactored live load must not be more than two times the unfactored dead

load. All loads must be the result of gravity and must be uniformly distributed over

an entire panel.

6. If a panel is supported on all sides by beams, the relative stiffness of those beams

in the two perpendicular directions, as measured by the following expression, shall

not be less than 0.2 or greater than 5.0.

16 Distribution of Moments in Slabs

negative moments.

17

Distribution of Total Span Moment in an End

Span (ACI Code 13.6.3.3)

18 Distribution of Moments in Slabs

Sample moments for a flat plate with no

edge beams.

19 Example 3

Design an interior flat plate for the structure considered. This plate is shown in Figure

below. Assume a service live load equal to 80 psf, a service dead load equal to 110 psf

(including slab weight), fy = 60,000 psi, fc = 3000 psi, normal‐weight concrete, and

column heights of 12 ft.

20 Example 3

21 Example 3

Dimensions

22 Example 3

23 Summary of Moments and Steel Selections for Example 3

24 Minimum extensions for reinforcement in slabs without beams

25 Bar details

26 Example 4

27 Example 4

28 Example 4

29 Example 4

30 Example 4

31 Example 4

32 Example 4

33 Example 4

34 Example 4

35 Example 4

36 Example 4

37 Example 4

38 Example 4

39

TWO-WAY SLABS, EQUIVALENT

FRAME METHOD

Example 5

40 Example 5

41 Example 5

42 Example 5

43 Example 5

44 Example 5

45 Example 5

DESIGN OF REINFORCED CONCRETE

SUMBER UTAMA ----

THANK YOU

Email Dosen : ---------------------------------------------

INSTITUT TEKNOLOGI SEPULUH NOPEMBER

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