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Brigade Enterprises Limited 2017-18

CONTENTS

SL.NO TITLE PAGE NO


1 INTRODUCTION TO BRIGADE GROUP 3

2 INTRODUCTION TO BRIGADE ORCHARDS 5

3 MASTER PLAN 6

4 INTRODUCTION TO DEODAR BLOCK 7

5 INTRODUCTION TO BRIGADE ARCADE 11

6 QUALITY, SAFETY AND ‘EHS’ POLICY 13

7 SITE EXECUTION 19

8 PLANNING 38

9 QUALITY CONTROL 39

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1. INTRODUCTION TO BRIGADE GROUP

Brigade group, one of South India’s leading property developers was established
in 1986 and is headquartered in Bangalore. The group has presence in various domains of
real estate such as residential, commercial, retail, hospitality, education, and property
management. The business of the group is mainly concentrated within Bangalore and
nearby regions such as Mysore, Chennai, Kochi, etc. For project development, Brigade
follows a mix of outright purchase of land parcels and undertaking joint development
(JD) with land owners. Brigade Enterprises Limited (BEL) is the flagship company of the
group. BEL was promoted by Mr M.R. Jaishankar and Ms. Githa Shankar as a
partnership firm called Brigade Enterprises in 1990 and converted to a Private Ltd
Company in 1995 and to Public Limited Company in July 2007.

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Brigade group has been operational in the Bangalore real estate market for more
than 20 years and has an established brand name and reputation for quality development
in the real estate market in Bangalore and Mysore. As on 31st March 2014, the group has
completed and delivered 20 million sqft of space. Since the inception of the group in
1990, Brigade has been involved in development of properties in multiple real estate
domains – residential, commercial and hospitality. In the residential segment, the group is
focused towards development of integrated lifestyle enclaves and apartment buildings
targeted towards middle to high income range customers. In the commercial segment, the
group is involved in development of Grade- A office space, software and IT parks, retail
malls, etc. In the hospitality segment, the group is focused towards developing serviced
apartments, hotels, resorts, spas and recreation clubs.
The Group has completed over 150 buildings in residential, commercial and
hospitality sectors amounting to 25 million sq. ft. and has an ambitious target of completing
30 million sq. ft. of development in the next 5 years.

One of the leading real estate development companies of South India, Brigade group
(Brigade) is based in Bangalore and primarily focused on development of residential,
commercial and hospitality projects. In December 2007, BEL raised about Rs.704 crore
through an initial public offering (IPO). The promoters of the Brigade have experience of
over 25 years in the real estate industry

The Brigade stamp of innovation, quality and trust speak of a standard that has been
established, and is consistently being upgraded by our continual efforts to provide a positive
experience. The awards and recognition received by Brigade across various categories serve
as testimony that Brigade is a well-established, trustworthy, and proven brand that provides
excellent customer service and impeccable build quality.

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2. INTRODUCTION TO BRIGADE ORCHARDS

Brigade orchards are a 130-acre haven, ten minutes from the Bangalore
international airport.A multifaceted and inclusive township, it offers you a richer life.

Within the complex are residences, school by Jain group , proposed hospital,
signature club resort, world class sports arena, shopping &leisure and offices. A sports
arena, indoor games and workout facilities at the signature club resort, jogging tracks and
winding trails give you enough options to stay fit. While retail spaces take care of your
everyday needs.

In brigade orchard, luxury apartments are available in cedar and deodar block
where as value homes are available in aspen and banyan.

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MASTER PLAN

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3. INTRODUCTION TO DEODAR BLOCK

Deodar at brigade orchards is a residential project developed by brigade group. The


project offers very well designed 2BHK and 3BHK residential apartments.

Name of the Project : BRIGADE DEODAR.


Total Land Area : 19659.14 sqm
Total Built up Area : 76028.15 sqm.
Total Saleable Area : 655630 sqft.
Total No. of flats : 425
Total No. of 3BHK flats : 217
Total No. of 2BHK flats : 208
Total Contract value as per Budget : 127 crores
Total Contract value as per Viraj projects : 87 crores
Amenities : Club house, Badminton Court,
convenience store, Multipurpose Party Hall,
Sporting Facility, Basketball court,
Tennis Court, Cricket Nets, Play Court,
Jogging Trail, Play Area,

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Start Date : 30/12/2014


Expected Finish Date : 24 Months From Start
Clients : Brigade Enterprises Ltd.
Architects & Landscape Consultants : Mindspace
Structural Consultants : S&S
MEP Service Consultants : Fujitec,kumar, RR sanitation
Principal Contractors : Viraj projects (India) Pvt. Ltd.
Fire fighting : KAFEX

3.1. CONTRACTS
The contract between Brigade Group and Viraj projects was signed on . Following
documents were attached,
1. Contract agreement.

2. Work order date: 30/12/2014

3. LOI date: 31/12/2014

4. General conditions of Contract.

5. Special conditions of Contract.

6. Bill of Quantity (BOQ).

7. Preamble and Technical specifications.

8. Tender Drawings.

9. Standard codes and statutory regulations

3.2. Few conditions of the contract [ ITEM RATE CONTRACT ]


1. Insurance- CAR policy and Third party policy will be taken by BCV on behalf of all
contractors in contract. The actual cost incurred on account of this will be debited to all
contractors on prorata basis for the contract value .

2. Quantity Variation- The Variation limit is (+/-) 25%. In the event of variation beyond the
above mentioned limits, rates shall be settled as per the mutually negotiated terms.

3. Mobilization advance- interest free mobilization advance of 5% of the contract value


shall be paid to VPPL against submission of irrevocable bank guarantee of equivalent value.

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4. taxes and duties-this is an indivisible contract with and by a legal fiction altered into a
contact which is divisible into:

a)one for sale of goods.

b)balance for supply of consumables to be used in this project ,labour and services.

5 .Scheme of methodology& schedule-VVPL will have to submit the methodology


statement and schedule as discussed with BCV before commencing the work and take due
approval for the same from the project in charge.

6. Recovery of Mobilization Advance- Recovery of mobilization advance shall commence


from 2nd RA bill on prorate based on value of work done and shall be completed by the time
80%value of work is completed.

7. Running bills- 50%Adhoc payment shall be paid in 15 working days from date of
submission of bills with relevant documents. Balance shall be released after verification of
submitted bill.

8. Retention Money-retention money at a rate of 5% of the total value of work done from
each RA bill will be deducted.

9.Release of retention money-2.5 % retention money shall be released upon virtual


completion of project along with final bill. Balance 2.5% shall be released upon successful
completion of defects liability period.

10.Performance bank guarantee-VPPL is also required to submit an irrevocable bank


guarantee
Equivalent to Rs. 1 crore . bank guarantee to be submitted by VPPL shall remain vaild till
issuance of certificate of completion of the works.

11. Liquidated Damages- It shall be levied as a penalty for any delay @0.5% per week,
subject to maximum of 5% of order value, after which employer reserves the right to
terminate the contract and forfeit the performance bond.
12.Arbitration- Any dispute or difference whatsoever arising between the parties out of or
relating to the construction, meaning and operation or effect of this contract or the breach

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there of shall be settled by the arbitration in accordance with the Rules of Arbitration of the
Indian Council of Arbitration and govern under the Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1996.

13. Safety- The Contractor shall comply with National Safety code and Building and Other
Construction Workers Act 1996(BOWC).

3.2. TENDER:
This is an ITEM RATE CONTRACT and shall agree to furnish the detailed rate
analysis of the rates quoted for all items in the price proposal as and when required by the
Engineer. The Tender shall quote his rates individually and derive at the tender prices. On
releasing the LOA, the successful bidder shall start the works so as to achieve the major
milestones activity which is mutually agreed before awarding the contract given in the tender.
Scope of works:
1. Taxes and Duties.
2. Service Tax.
3. Excise Duty.
4. Earnest Money Deposit.
5. Electricity.
6. Water.
7. Workmen compensation policy.
8. Nominated Sub Contractor.

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4. INTRODUCTION TO BRIGADE ARCADE

Name of the Project : BRIGADE ARCADE .

No of buildings : one building

No of floors : Basement + Ground + 6 Upper Floors

Total Built up Area : 32601.7 sqm.

Total Saleable Area : 300000 sqf.

Total Contract value as per Budget : 18.5 crores

Total Contract value as per MFAR : 16.3 crores

Start Date : 20 April 2016

Expected Finish Date : 12 months from start date

Clients : Brigade Enterprises Ltd.

Architects & Landscape Consultants : Zachariah Consultants

Structural Consultants : Melior Str Solutions

Principal Contractors : MFAR Constructions Pvt. Ltd.

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4.1. CONTRACTS
The contract between Brigade Group and MFAR Constructions Pvt. Ltd. was signed on .
Following documents were attached,
1. Contract agreement.

2. Work order date:1/4/2016

3. LOI date: 20/4/2016

4. General conditions of Contract.

5. Special conditions of Contract.

6. Bill of Quantity (BOQ).

7. Preamble and Technical specifications.

8. Tender Drawings.

9. Standard codes and statutory regulations

4.2. Few conditions of the contract [ ITEM RATE CONTRACT ]


1. Insurance- CAR policy and Third party policy will be taken by BCV on behalf of all
contractors in contract. The actual cost incurred on account of this will be debited to all
contractors on prorata basis for the contract value .

2. Quantity Variation- The Variation limit is (+/-) 15%. In the event of variation beyond the
above mentioned limits, rates shall be settled as per the mutually negotiated terms.

3. Mobilization advance- interest free mobilization advance of 7. 5% of the contract value


shall be paid to against submission of irrevocable bank guarantee of equivalent value.

4. Taxes and duties-this is an indivisible contract with and by a legal fiction altered into a
contact which is divisible into:

a) one for sale of goods.

b) balance for supply of consumables to be used in this project ,labour and services.

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5 Scheme of methodology& schedule-MFAR will have to submit the methodology


statement and schedule as discussed with BCV before commencing the work and take due
approval for the same from the project in charge.

6. Recovery of Mobilization Advance- Recovery of mobilization advance shall commence


from 2nd RA bill on prorate based on value of work done and shall be completed by the time
80%value of work is completed.

7. Running bills- 50%Adhoc payment shall be paid in 15 working days from date of
submission of bills with relevant documents. Balance shall be released after verification of
submitted bill.

8. Retention Money-retention money at a rate of 5% of the total value of work done from
each RA bill will be deducted.

9.Release of retention money-2.5 % retention money shall be released upon virtual


completion of project along with final bill. Balance 2.5% shall be released upon successful
completion of defects liability period.

10.Performance bank guarantee-MFAR is also required to submit an irrevocable bank


guarantee Equivalent to 1% of contract sum . bank guarantee to be submitted by MFAR shall
remain vaild till issuance of certificate of completion of the works.

11. Liquidated Damages- It shall be levied as a penalty for any delay @0.5% per week,
subject to maximum of 5% of order value, after which employer reserves the right to
terminate the contract and forfeit the performance bond.

12. Escalation-the item rate agreed in BOQ for all items are firm and final, all inclusive and
valid till completion in all respect and no escalation or extra amount for any reason shall be
considered.

13. Liquidated Damages- It shall be levied as a penalty for any delay @0.5% per week,
subject to maximum of 5% of order value, after which employer reserves the right to
terminate the contract and forfeit the performance bond.

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14.Arbitration- Any dispute or difference whatsoever arising between the parties out of or
relating to the construction, meaning and operation or effect of this contract or the breach
there of shall be settled by the arbitration in accordance with the Rules of Arbitration of the
Indian Council of Arbitration and govern under the Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1996.

15. Safety- The Contractor shall comply with National Safety code and Building and Other
Construction Workers Act 1996(BOWC).

4.2. TENDER
This is an ITEM RATE CONTRACT and shall agree to furnish the detailed rate
analysis of the rates quoted for all items in the price proposal as and when required by the
Engineer. The Tender shall quote his rates individually and derive at the tender prices. On
releasing the LOA, the successful bidder shall start the works so as to achieve the major
milestones activity which is mutually agreed before awarding the contract given in the tender.
Scope of works:
1. Taxes and Duties.
2. Service Tax.
3. Excise Duty.
4. Earnest Money Deposit.
5. Electricity.
6. Water.
7. Workmen compensation policy.
8. Nominated Sub Contractor.

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5. QUALITY, SAFETY AND ‘EHS’ POLICY


1. ISO 9001, 1996
First property developer in South India and the third in the country to receive the
certification.

2. ISO 14001:2004
(Environmental Management Systems), 2008

3. OHSAS 18001:1999
(Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series), 2008

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SAFETY

Fig 1: Some of the safety instruction boarding’s to labours, visitors, engineers etc..

Fig 2: Safety nets and belts

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Fig 3 : Safety park

Fig 4 : Safety brackets

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Various Safety Rules are followed. Few are mentioned below

Do’s
1. Always wear helmet and shoes while entering the site.

2. Wear earplug in noisy area.

3. Enter the site with caution.

4. Keep safe distance from the shaft.

Don’ts
1. Do not stand under the swing area of crane boom.

2. Do not stand near conveyor belt.

3. Do not smoke inside the site.

4. Do not enter the HT/LT room without permission from electrical department.

5. Do not run in the site except in case of emergency.

6. Do not go near welding and cutting arc

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6. STRUCTURAL WORK

Brief introduction of materials used during internship program

Cement -43/53 grade : ACC, Birla, Ultratech, Ramco & Chettinad.


Type of steel Fe 415/500 : RINL, CISCOL, TATA, SAIL TISCO
Size of aggregate used : 12 mm and 20mm .
Grade of concrete : M15 - Plain Cement Concrete
: M30 – Beams, Columns, Slabs and footing
Plaster mesh : ARPITHA mesh
Plaster fiber : Recron fiber
Admixtures : FOSROC, CERA, ENDURA.
Tiles : vitrified, ceramic, anti skid, glazed.
Concrete blocks : 400x200x200
: 400x200x150
: 400x200x100

6.1. REINFORCEMENT
1. Reinforcement are provided in RCC stricture to counteract concrete’s relative low tensile
strength and ductility.

2. Rebar is used because although concrete is very strong in compression it is virtually


without strength in tension. To compensate for this, rebar is cast into it to carry the tensile
loads on a structure.

3. Whilst any material with sufficient tensile strength could conceivably be used to reinforce
concrete, steel is used in concrete as they have similar coefficients of thermal expansion. This
means that a concrete structural member reinforcement with steel will experience minimal
stress as a result of differential expansions of the interconnected materials due to temperature
changes.

4. In the project 8mm, 10mm, 12mm, 16mm, 20mm, 25mm and 32mm high yield strength
bars are used for construction.
8mm Bars: Stirrups, links, Plinth Beams, Slabs.
10mm Bars: Stirrups, links, Slabs, Beams, Pedestals.

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12mm Bars: Beams, Columns, Stirrups. Slabs


16mm Bars: Column, Beams, Stairs. Slabs
20mm Bars: Columns and Beams.
25mm Bars: Columns and Beams.
32mm Bars: Columns and Beams.

6.1.1. COLUMN REINFORCEMENT


 A column is a structural element that transmits, through compression, the weight of
the structure above to other structural element below. In other words it is a
compression member.
 In the erection of the reinforcement of columns, it is the first we make sure that the
starter bars are in correct position with correct cover spacing.
 Then required amount of shear links were placed on the columns.
 After that vertical bars attached to the starter bars and bind with correct spacing.
 Checking of the reinforcement is done as per the structural drawing wherein we
check the following components dia of bars, hooks and bends, lap length, clear cover,
cover blocks, rods are tied properly with binding wires.

6.1.2. BEAM REINFORCEMENT

Fig 5 : Beam Reinforcement

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 Beam bottom’s line, level & width are checked.
 Beam to beam measurements is checked as per architectural drawings.
 Reinforcement of beam is important in the concrete construction work. Therefore laying
reinforcement should be more accurate.
 Reinforcement bar sizes, no. of bars, shear links, link spacing, cover blocks, anchorages
and lap lengths are important. If any one of followings will changed it can cause a large
damage.
 Dowels required to be provided for elevation feature/ future extensions.

6.1.1. SLAB REINFORCEMENT


Suspended slabs and flat slabs are being employed in the site

Slabs may be supported on walls or beams or columns. Slabs supported directly by


columns are called flat slab.
Slab supported on two sides and bending takes place predominantly in one direction
only is called One way slab. On the other hand, when slab is supported on all four sides and
bearing takes place in two direction are said to be Two way slab.
The slabs having ration of longer length to its shorter length (Ly/Lx) greater than 2 is
called one way slab otherwise as two way slab.
In one way slab main reinforcement is parallel to shorter direction and the
reinforcement parallel to longer direction is called Distribution steel.
In two way slabs main reinforcement is provided along both direction.
The maximum diameter of bar used in slab should not exceed 1/8 of the total
thickness of slab.

Minimum clear cover to reinforcement in slab depends on the durability criteria and
this is specified in IS 456-200. Generally 15mm to 20mm cover is provided for the main
reinforcement.
A flat slab is a two way reinforcement concrete slab that usually does not have beams
and girders, and the loads are transferred directly to the supported concrete columns.
 Leveling of slab should be checked as per architect drawing.

 Cover blocks to the bottom sides should be checked.

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 Reinforcement bars sizes, no. of bars, spacing and lap lengths are done for both
bottom and top mat.

 It is ensured that are placed chairs firmly and properly, so that the top reinforcement
bars not disturbed during concreting.

Fig 6 : Slab Reinforcement


6.1.2. STAIRCASE REINFORCEMENT

 Waist slab bottom bars to be checked.


 Mid lading slabs top and bottom bars to be checked as per drawing.
 Check whether dowels are left for next flight.
 Cover blocks to be placed.

Fig 7 : stair case

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6.2. MASONRY WORKS


 Concrete masonry units

 Stone masonry units

In this project Concrete masonry units are been used.


6.2.1 BLOCK WORK
 Surface area is cleaned for mortar & dust, excess concrete is chipped

 Site engineer will mark the points depicting the block work area and position.

 Hacking is done for good adhesion between the RCC structure and block work.

 1:6mcement sand mortar called chat is applied, & is measured using KANDA

 Stretcher bond is followed in order to avoid weak joints.

 Vertical stiffeners are provided for walls greater than 4m.

 Throughout the work, verticality & level is checked.

 Later, plastering work is initiated.

Fig 8: Block Work

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6.3. FORM WORK


Formwork is a mould used to shape and support the concrete. Until it attains
sufficient strength to carry its own weight. The formwork which holds the concrete until it
hardens to attain the required shape and size.
SIGNIFICANCE
 Formwork constitutes 30% of the cost and 60% of the time in concrete Construction.

 Quality of concrete finish and soundness of concrete depends very Much on the
formwork system.

 Formwork should be properly designed, fabricated, and erected to receive fresh


concrete.

 If formwork is not done properly the desired shape of concrete is not possible.

 When concrete is compacted, it exerts pressure and the formwork, must be strong and
stable to take this pressure. The form should be Leak proof to retain the concrete &
slurry.

 Accidents happen because of faulty formwork and scaffolding/staging.

 Proper care and attention to be paid at all stages of form work in Construction.
Safety is ensured if:
 Loose or dangling / hanging components are minimal

 Proper housekeeping and stacking of materials

 Erection and dismantling is done as per the procedure

 Usage of appropriate PPE’s.

a) Plywood Formwork
Resin bonded plywood sheets are attached to timber frames to make up panels of required
sizes. The cost of plywood formwork compares favorably with that of timber shuttering and it
may even prove cheaper in certain cases in view of the following considerations:
 It is possible to have smooth finish in which case on cost in surface finishing is there.
 By use of large size panels it is possible to effect saving in the labor cost of fixing and
dismantling.
 Number of reuses are more as compared with timber shuttering. For estimation
purpose, number of reuses can be taken as 20 to 25.
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Fig 9: Plywood Formwork


b) Steel Formwork
This consist of panels fabricated out of thin steel plates stiffened along the edges by
small steel angles. The panel units can be held together through the use of suitable clamps or
bolts and nuts. The panels can be fabricated in large number in any desired modular shape or
size. Steel forms are largely used in large projects or in situation where large number reuses
of the shuttering is possible. This type of shuttering is considered most suitable for circular or
curved structures.

6.4. CONCRETE
Concrete is a composite material composed of coarse aggregate bonded together with
a fluid cement which hardens over time. Most concretes used are lime-based concretes such
as Portland cement concrete or concretes made with other hydraulic cements, such as cement
fond. However, asphalt concrete which is very frequently used for road surfaces is also a type
of concrete, where the cement material is bitumen, and polymer concretes are sometimes
used where the cementing material is a polymer.

Fig 10: Placing Of Concrete

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6.4.1 Curing of concrete


There are various methods of curing. The adoption of a particular method will depend
upon the nature of work and the climate conditions. The following methods of curing of
concrete are generally adopted.
 Shading concrete work

 Covering concrete surface with gunny bags.

 Sprinkling of water.

 Ponding method.

 Membrane curing.

 Steam curing.

a) Ponding method
This is the best method of curing. It is suitable for curing horizontal surfaces such as
floors, roof slabs, road and air field pavements. The horizontal top surfaces of beams can also
be ponded. After placing the concrete, its exposed surface is first covered with moist canvas.
After 24 hours, these covers are removed and small ponds of clay or sand are built across and
along the pavements. The area is thus divided into a number of rectangles. The water is filled
between the ponds. The filling of water in these ponds is done twice or thrice a day,
depending upon the atmospheric conditions. Though this method is very efficient, the water
requirement is very heavy. Ponds easily break and water flows out. After curing it is difficult
to clean the clay.

Fig 11: curing by ponding method

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b) Covering concrete surface with gunny bags


This widely used method of curing, particularly for structural concrete. Thus exposed
surface of concrete is prevented from drying out by covering it with gunny bags, canvas or
empty cement bags. The covering over vertical and sloping surfaces should be securing
properly. These are periodically wetted. The interval of wetting will depend upon the rate of
evaporation of water. It should be ensured that the surface of concrete is not allowed to dry
even for a short time during the curing period. Special arrangement for keeping the surface
wet must be made at nights and on holidays.

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7. FINISHING WORKS
7.1. WATER PROOFING
7.1.1. CRYSTALLIZATION WATER PROOFING

a) Toilet Water Proofing


The surface shall be prepared thoroughly by chipping all loose materials/mortar,
cleaned with wire brush and coir brush in order to remove all loose and deleterious matter,
dust etc.
The gap between the vertical bores and pipes shall be packed using non shrink grout
CERA GROUT 40 after the application of bonding agent CERA LATEX SBR.G.I. nipples
shall be fixed at construction joints, honey combed areas ,weak locations and shall be grouted
using neat cement slurry admixed with expansive grouting additive CERA CRYSTALLINE
CRETE EXPAN ADMIX at a dosage of 225 gms per bag of cement using 40 psi hand pump.
‘V’ grooves shall be cut along concrete/brickwork junctions and constructon joints,
cracks and the same shall be filled with polymer modified CERA LATEX SBR mortar with
proper coving at corners .
The area to be waterproofed shall be ponded with water and leakage/ dampness if any
shall be marked in the ceiling below. Nipples shall be fixed at weak locations, wherever
leakage persists and along construction joints and pressure grouted using neat cement slurry
admixed with expansive grouting additive CERA CRYSTALLINE CRETE EXPAN ADMIX
at dosage of 225 Gms per bag of cement using 40 psi hand pump.
Crystalline waterproofing system CERA CRYSTALLINE CRETE shall be mixed
with 3 parts of powder with 1 to 3 parts of water and applied in two coats over the surface at
a dosage of 1kg/sq.M. ensure that the surface is damp before the application of coating.
The crystallization waterproofing system shall be cured for three times that a day for
two days. The complete toilet shall be filled with water to ensure water tightness. Bore
packing will be measured .

Protective Plaster
Providing 20mm thick wall plastering shall be done with 1:4 CM admixed with
waterproofing compound
CERA PROOF IWP at a dosage of 300 ml per bag of cement and cured for 7 days.

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Protective Screed
Providing M20 GRADE ,65mm thick screed concreting admixed with CERA PROOF
IWP liquid at a dosage of 200 ml per bag of cement with 12mm down chips shall be done for
floor.
b) Terrace Waterproofing

The surface shall be prepared thoroughly by chipping all loose materials/mortar,


cleaned with wire brush and coir brush in order to remove all loose and deleterious matter,
dust etc.

‘V’ grooves shall be cut along concrete/brickwork junctions and construction joints,
change of direction and the same shall be filled with 1:3 cement modified mortar admixed
with polymer modifier CERE LATEX SBR at a dosage of 300ml/bag of cement with proper
coving at corners 12mm dia GI nipples shall be fixed at weak locations ,construction joints
using a crystalline plugging compound CERE CRSTAL PLUG, and pressure grouted using
neat cement slurry admixed with expansive grouting additive CERE CRYSTALLINE
CRETE EXOAN ADMIX at a dosage of 225 gms per bag of cement.

The gap between the outlet pipes and bores if any shall be grouted using non shrink
grout CERA GROUT 40 after the application of bonding agent CERA LATAX SBR the area
to be waterproofed shall be ponded with 4 inches water for a period of 48 hrs and
leakage/dampnessif any shall be marked in the ceiling below the slab.

GI nipples having 12mm dia shall be fixed at leaking locations below using
crystalline plugging compound CERA CRSTAL PLUG, and pressure grouted using neat
cement slurry admixed with expansive grouting CERA CRYSTALLINE EXPAN ADMIX at
a dosage of 225 gms per bag of cement two component, acrylic based water proofing
membrane CERA LASTIC shall be applied in 2 coats on the treated surface at 700gms
/sqm/coat on the floor and wall to a height of 300 mm from the finished floor level. The
completed terrace shall be ponded with water to ensure water tightness.

Protective screed

Providing M20 grade. 100mm thick screed concreting admixed with CERE PROOF IWP
shall be done for floor with required slope.

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7.1.2. MEMBRANE WATER PROOFING

a) Planter box Water Proofing

The surface shall be prepared thoroughly by chipping all loose materials/mortar,


cleaned with wire brush and coir brush in order to remove all loose and deleterious matter.
the gap between the vertical bores and pipes shall be packed using non shrink grout
CERA GROUT 40 after the application of bonding agent CERA LATEX SBR.G.I. nipples
shall be fixed at construction joints , honey combed areas ,weak locations and shall be
grouted using neat cement slurry admixed with expansive grouting additive CERA
CRYSTALLINE CRETE EXPAN ADMIX at a dosage of 225 gms per bag of cement using
40 psi hand pump.
‘V grooves shall be cut along concrete/brickwork junctions and construction joints,
cracks and the same shall be filled with polymer modified CERA LATEX SBR mortar with
proper coving at corners .
The area to be waterproofed shall be pounded with water and leakage/ dampness if
any shall be marked in the ceiling below. Nipples shall be fixed at weak locations, wherever
leakage persists and along construction joints and pressure grouted using neat cement slurry
admixed with expansive grouting additive CERA CRYSTALLINE CRETE EXPAN ADMIX
at dosage of 225 Gms per bag of cement using 40 psi hand pump
One coat of bituminous primer shall be applied on podium floor and wall at
0.3kg/sqm. SIKA WP SHIELD weighing not less than 4kg/sqm APP modified waterproofing
membrane reinforced with 180 GSM non-woven polyester mat and without central separation
layer of polyethylene film, skin layers top and bottom should not be more than 9 micron
thickness, with 10cm over laps shall be laid by torch on application complete over planter
box.
The completed planter box shall be filled with water to ensure water tightness.

Protective Plaster

Providing 20mm thick wall plastering shall be done with 1:4 CM admixed with
waterproofing compound CERA PROOF IWP at a dosage of 300 ml per bag of cement and
cured for 7 days. The complete planter shall be filled with water to ensure water tightness.

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Protecting Screed

Providing M20 grade, 100mm thick screed concreting admixed with CERA PROOF
IWP shall be done for floor with required slope.

Fig 12: planter box water proofing

b) EXPANSION JOINT TREATMENT


1. slab surface on either side of joint shall be cleaned thoroughly to remove all loose
particles, oil ,dirt etc by mechanical .
2. Any uneven projections shall be grinded and leveled. Fix masking tape on either side
50-75mm away the joint to provide a neat edge.
3. Cera mech stripsea shall be cleaned using mild solvent and allowed to dry.
4. Apply cera mech SS adhesive on the prepared surface for a thickness of 2mm on
either side of the joint. The adhesive shall be extended 5mm from the edge of the
strip.
5. The cera mech stripseal shall be firmly fixed to the applied adhesive with the divider
tape facing up. The divider tape shall be aligned in line of the expansion joint.
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6. Apply cera mech SS adhesive over the cera mech stripseal to a thickness of 2mm as
an over coating.
7. 3mm thick capsule board has to be used as protective layer on the top of ceramic strip
seal. using cera mech stripseal 150mm
A) Horizontal joint of 50mm thick.
B) Vertical joint of 50mm thick.

Fig 13: expansion joint treatment

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7.2. PLASTERING
Plastering is done to provide a smooth and even surface on a wall. Plastering is done
both in internal & external areas of the building.
It is the process of covering a rough wall or uneven surface with a plaster or a mortar.
The types are.
 Done for living room, bed room, Passage, kitchen.
 Grouting of any cracks if Present is done.
 Started only after completion of brickwork and Electrical work.
 Doors and windows shall be protected.
 Initial marking of bull mark and other reference marks of required thickness
is done with reference to the surveyor grid lines initially considered. .
 GI mesh or PVC Mesh is provided for Electrical Conduits to prevent weak joints.
 Work is begun from a specified point and continued further.
 Checks for level, line and right angle of corners shall be ensured.
 GVP around electrical conduits shall be made in alignment and at right angles.
 Repairing of honey combs if present is taken care of.

Quality checklist of Plastering

 Cleaning & Hacking the concrete surface


 Button marks on the walls
 Mesh at RCC & Block work joints
 Cement Slurry should be splashed on the surface
 Any undulations, hollowness should be rectified

7.3. FLOORING WORKS


7.3.1. VITRIFIED FLOORING WORKS

Laying Vitrified Tiles for Flooring of approved make, colour and thickness laid over
CM 1:6(1 Cement : 6M-Sand)(Manufactured sand confirming to relevant IS Code with
necessary admixture (FOSROC) ) of average 30mm thickness and cement slurry @ 3.3
kg/sqm, tamped, laid to required line & level, with 3 mm thick spacers & grouting with
cement based grout of BAL - endura or equivalent.

cleaned & washed with Diluted HCL or any suitable means as per instructions of EIC,
covering to protect tile with Floor guard/ 250 GSM D # 8 protection sheet (Cello Bubble
guard) , joints to be taped.

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Fig 14: Vitrified Tiles

7.3.2. CERAMIC / GLAZED TILE WORKS


Laying Anti Skid Ceramic Tiles for Flooring of approved make, colour and thickness
laid over CM 1 : 6(1 Cement :6 M-Sand)(Manufactured sand confirming to relevant IS Code
with necessary admixture (FOSROC) ) of average 30mm thickness and cement slurry @ 3.3
kg/ sqm, tamped, laid to required line & level, including cutting of tiles. Space between tile
are grouted with Epoxy based grout(BAL - endura ) ,
Cleaned & washed with Diluted HCL, covering to protect tile with Floor guard, 250
GSM D - 8 protection sheet (Cello Bubble guard), joints to be taped,

Fig 15: Ceramic Tiles

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7.3.3. CLAY TILE WORKS FOR TERRACE FLOOR


Laying pressed clay tiles of size 8" x 8" OR 5" x 10" over CM 1 : 6(1 Cement : 6 M-
Sand)(Manufactured sand confirming to relevant IS Code with necessary admixture
(FOSROC) ) of average 30mm thickness over which cement slurry/ paste @ 3.3 kg / sqm is
laid upon which clay tiles are set on terraces to required line, level, slope, including providing
5mm tile spacers filled with cement based sanded grout with admix and sealer coat of BAL –
endura.

Fig 16: Clay Tile Works On Terrace

7.3.4. STONE FLOORING, CLADDING & SKIRTING WORKS

Laying of 20mm thick POLISHED SADARAHALLI Granite as per specified pattern,


laid over average 30mm thick CM bed of 1 : 4 (1 Cement: 4 M-Sand) (Manufactured sand
confirming to relevant IS Code with necessary admixture (FOSROC) )over which cement
slurry @ 3.3 kg / sqm applied, paper joints filled with an admixture of pigment to match the
shade of the stone, cleaning & washing with diluted detergent or suitable chemical & clean
cement mortar deposits, etc.,
Providing protection sheet with 250 GSM D - 8 of Cello Bubble guard or Floor guard
or equivalent, joints to be taped, so that it remains intact till handing over, removed &
disposed out of site after completion.

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7.3.5. VACUUM DEWATERED FLOORS


In order to obtain a high quality concrete floor using this method, it is essential to
follow the various operations in the correct sequence. Firstly the floor is divided into panels
with the help of steel channels. These panels are filled with concrete which is braided with
the help of needle vibrator. There after leveling and compaction is done, special type of mat
is placed over it. The micropores of this mat do not allow cement particles to go out. Within
45 minutes of placing concrete vacuum is created which sucks the water from the concrete.
The water in the concrete is extracted from the top surface not by vacuum itself but also by
the atmospheric pressure acting on the upper surface of the concrete around the vacuum zone.

Schematic showing vacuum dewatering process


The flooring operation takes place immediately after the vacuum treatment and helps
in mixing and grinding of the top layer resulting in a strong and wear resistance surface,
power troweling of this surface, further improves the wear resistance of the floor and gives a
very fine finish. The concrete curing is started after the gap of one day.

Steps involved in Vacuum Dewatering process


a) Take usual precautions to prepare sound sub-base by well compacted murum and a
levelling course comprising of lean concrete as per good engineering practices.
b) The floor or pavement should be structurally designed from the point of view of load.
The site of base and joint system is also decided from various other considerations.
c) The system calls for an absolutely leveled and lined rigidly held form work over the
base. MS channel of depth equal to the depth of the concrete slab could be right frame
work.
d) Place the concrete within the frame work upto level slightly above the top surface of
frame work and then compact the same thoroughly with needle vibrator. The
double beam screed vibrator is then placed on MS channels. It is pulled from the end
to the other or for a part length by two people. Any depressions existing at the surface
must be made up when you drag the screed vibrator. Any extra concrete existing over

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and above the top level of the MS channel is removed so that the load of the concrete
floor surface is correctly maintained by the double beam screed vibrator.
e) On completion of screed board vibrations, spread the filter MAT & top mat (Suction
Mat) over the concrete base & connect the same to vacuum pump through the suction
hose and start the pump. A required vacuum is created between the concrete and
Suction Mat which helps in removing the water in the body of concrete in a
controlled manner. The vacuum process for extraction of water takes about 1.5 to 2
minutes/centimeter thickness of concrete slab. (Say about 15 to 20 min. for 10cm
thick slab). The vacuum treated concrete becomes so hard that a man can walk on the
concrete for further operation.
f) Remove the Suction Mat and start the floating operation with a circular disk. When a
satisfactory level is obtained, operate the Power Trowel with finishing blade. The
blades with cut the laitance or extra mortar if any present on the surface due to initial
bleeding, settling and vibrations. The surface brought to such a condition to expose
fine aggregate and course aggregate firmly embedded in cement paste. Such a
condition will give an absolute wear resistance to the concrete floor. The application
of Power Float followed by Power Trowel will also result in a kind of controlled
revibration which helps in segmenting the possible capillary cavities in the body of
concrete.

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Fig 17: vacuum dewatered floor

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8. SURVEY
1. Total Station

2. Auto Level

Fig 18: total station


Total Station:
Total station is a surveying equipment combination of electromagnetic Distance
Measuring instrument and electronic theodolite. It is also integrated with microprocessor,
electronic data collector and storage system. The instrument can be used to measure
Horizontal and vertical angles as well as sloping distance of object to the instrument.
1. The Total station is mounted on a tripod and is leveled by operating leveling screws.
Within a small range instrument is capable of adjusting itself to the level position.

2. Then Vertical and horizontal reference directions are indexed using onboard keys.

3. In site it was used to transfer the coordinate points and measure distances.

Auto level:
It is known as dumpy level or builder’s auto level, is a laser marking, optical measuring
device used to establish horizontal plane.

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9. PLANNING
Planning is the process of organizing the activities required to achieve a desired goal. It
involves the creation and maintenance of a plan, such as psychological aspects that require
conceptual skills. Planning is one of the important part of the project Management.
Project management is the discipline of initiating, planning, executing, controlling, and
closing the work of a team to achieve specific goals and meet specific criteria.
Here, planning is doing by using Microsoft Project software. It is the most popular
project management software.
The application is designed to assist project managers in developing plans, assigning
resources to tasks, tracking progress, managing budgets and analyzing workloads.

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10. QUALITY CONTROL


8.1Tests on Cement.
a. Fineness of Cement.
IS4031 part 1; specified limit is 10%; obtained 3%.

b. Consistency of Cement. Specified std. Obtained


Standard consistency IS4031 part 4 32% 34%
Initial setting IS4031 part 5 >30 min 140 min
Final setting IS4031 part 5 <600 min 417 min

c. Soundness test.
IS4031 part 3; specified limit is 10mm; obtained 1mm.
8.2 Tests on M Sand.
a. Sieve Analysis.
Table 1: sieve analysis
Sieve size Cumulative % passing IS : 383 – 1970 specification
Mm retained
%(A) % passing % passing % passing % passing
for Zone I for Zone for Zone for Zone
II III IV
10 mm 0 100 100 100 100 100
4.75mm 0 100 90-100 90-100 90-100 95-100
2.36mm 3.6 96.4 60-95 75-100 85-100 95-100
1.18mm 21.7 78.3 30-70 55-90 75-100 90-100
600µ 39.1 60.9 15-34 35-59 60-79 80-100
300µ 57.0 43.0 5-20 8-30 12-40 15-50
150µ 75.8 24.2 0-10 0-10 0-10 0-15
REMARKS: the sample satisfies the requirements of grading zone III as per IS: 383-2016

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8.3 Test On Structural Steel


Table 2: test on structural steel
SI Type/ Size of Mass Yield Ultimate Elongation Mass range
No Description test Stress tensile (%) (Kg/m)
Specimen (Kg/m) (N/mm2) Strength
(mm) (N/mm2)
1 ISA 22.3x5.8 3.193 335 471 32 2.91-3.15
40X40X5mm
2 ISA 21.8x4.7 2.386 326 519 31 2.522-2.72
35X35X5mm
3 Square Bar -- 0.752 688 805 10 0.73-0.84
10mm
4 MS flat 25x10 1.946 365 518 30 2.01-2.05
25x10mm
5 Hollow pipe 22x1.8 1.631 215 356 34 --
42mm

8.4 Test On Ceramic Tiles

Table 3: Length and width


SI. No Measured dimension Deviation in length and width
(mm) (%)
1 300x300 No deviation observed
2 300x300 No deviation observed
3 300x300 No deviation observed

Table 4: Water absorption


SI. No Size of test specimen Water absorption
(mm) (%)
1 100x100x8.3 6.7
2 100x100x8.1 6.6
3 100x100x8.1 6.6

Table 5: Breaking strength


SI. No Size of test specimen Breaking strength
(mm) (N)
1 300x300x8.3 1021
2 300x300x8.1 989
3 300x300x8.1 958

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OVERALL OUTCOME FROM THE EXCLUSIVE PROGRAMME

This internship programme under Brigade Constructions Pvt. Ltd., proved to be a very
healthy and educative programme. We obtained a first-hand experience about the
construction and the everyday routine that prevails in the field. The practicality in the
construction field was experienced here. The way a plan is created by the planning
department, the contract details and minor and major issues faced during an agreement. The
initial set up that needs to be made by the company for the smooth and free flow of work. The
role of each person in the office and the cooperation and the communication skill that needs
to be developed in order for the mutual development of the individually, both technically and
personally.

Coming to the technical knowledge, we obtained a first-hand experience about all the
basic concepts of building construction. Right from the soil testing, earth evacuation till the
finishing of the building and handing over it the client.

The management skills involved, the planning procedure and its methodology, the
execution of the techniques involved and maintaining the safety of every individual without
compromising the quality of construction, and the maintenance of all the machineries in the
site.

We were explained, in detail, the step by step procedure of the execution of the work.
The shuttering work for the reinforcement, the preparation of concrete according to the mix
design, the pumping of concrete and finally the curing.

After all the steps, the final finishing which is carried out on the interior and exterior
portion. The main thing which was thought to us was the procedure that need to be followed
in this process so that there is maximum utility of all the product with the minimum wastage
of resources and also ensuring that the already placed materials are not damaged.

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