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# QP CODE : 16MA108 Reg.

No.

## END SEMESTER EXAMINATIONS – APRIL/MAY 2018

Regulation – 2016
Programme (s) Semester Course Code (s) Course Title
B.E ELECTRONICS AND PROBABILITY AND
IV 16MA108
COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING RANDOM PROCESS
Date : 02.05.2018 No. of Pages : 04
Duration : Three hours Maximum Marks: 100 Marks
COURSE OUTCOMES
CO1 Recall concepts of probability and integration
CO2 Predict the correlation and regression between the random variables
CO3 Apply skills to handle situations involving single and multiple random variables
CO4 Use distribution in cluster analysis of similar binary variables.
CO5 Analyze various types of random processes.
CO6 Use the concepts of random processes in signals and systems

PART A (10 X 2 Marks = 20 Marks) BT CO Marks
1. An experiment has the four possible mutually exclusive outcomes AP CO1 2
and . Check whether the following assignments of
probability are permissible:
[a]
[b] and
2. If the probabilities are 0.87, 0.36 and 0.29 that, while under AP CO1 2
warranty, a new car will require repairs on the engine, drive
train or both, what is the probability that a car will require one
or the other or both kinds of repairs under the warranty?
3. The probability mass function of a random variable X is 0 except at AP CO2 2
the points x=0, 1, 2. At these points, it has the values
and for some Determine the
value of .
4. If the random variable X has the moment generating AP CO2 2
function , determine the variance of X.

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5. A manufacturer of fax machines claims that only 10% of his AP CO3 2
machines require repairs within the warranty period of 12 months.
If 5 of 20 machines required repairs within the first year, does this
tend to support or refute the claim?
6. Suppose that a trainee soldier shoots a target in an independent AP CO3 2
fashion. If the probability that the target is shot on any one shot is
0.8, what is the probability that the target would be hit on the sixth
attempt?
7. Let the random variables X and Y have the joint density function AP CO4 2
, find the marginal density of X.
8. If particles are emitted from a radioactive source at the rate of 20 AP CO4 2
per hour, find the probability that exactly 5 particles are emitted
during a 15- minute period.
9. Define a Strict- Sense Stationary Process. Is every Wide- sense AP CO5 2
Stationary process, stationary in the Strict- Sense?
10. Given that the autocorrelation function of a stationary random AP CO6 2
process to be , find the mean.

## PART B ( 5 x 16 Marks = 80 Marks) BT CO Marks

11. 1(i) An electronic assembly consists of two subsystems A and B. AP CO1 8
1 From previous testing procedures, the following probabilities
are assumed to be known:
P(A fails)=0.20, P(A and B fail)=0.15 and P(B fails alone)=0.15.
Evaluate (i) P(A fails alone) and (ii) P(A fails/ B has failed).
(ii) The probability that a student passes certain exam is 0.9, given AP CO1 8
that he studied. The probability that he passes the exam
without studying is 0.2. Assume that the probability that the
student studies for his exam is 0.75. Given that the student
passed the exam, what is the probability that he studied?

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12. 8(i) The length of time (in minutes) that a certain lady speaks on AP CO2 8
the telephone is found to be a random phenomenon, with a
probability function specified by
a) Find A that makes a p.d.f.
b) What is the probability that the number of minutes that
she will talk over the phone is between 5 and 10
minutes?
(ii) A random variable X has the following probability distribution AP CO2 8

x -2 -1 0 1 2 3
p(x) 0.1 K 0.2 2K 0.3 3K

Find
a) K
b) Evaluate P(X<2)
c) Find c.d.f. of X and
d) Compute mean of X.

13. 1(i) In certain experiments, the error made in determining the AP CO3 8
3 solubility of a substance is a random variable following
Uniform distribution in (-0.025, 0.025). What are the
probabilities that such an error will be
a) Between 0.010 and 0.015;
b) Between -0.012 and 0.012?

(ii) Of a large group of men, 5% are less than 60 inches in height AP CO3 8
and 40% are between 60 and 65 inches. Assuming a normal
distribution, find the mean and standard deviation.

## 14. 1 If the joint density function of (X, Y) is defined by AP CO4 16

4 . Computethe
correlation coefficient between X and Y.

## 15. 1 Determine the regression equations : AP CO4 16

5
X 2 4 6 8 10 12 14
Y 4 2 5 10 4 11 12

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16. 1 The process {X(t)} whose probability distribution under certain AP CO5 16
6
conditions is given by

## Show that it is not stationary.

17. 1(i) Find the nature of the states of the Markov chain with the AP CO5 8
7
tpm .

(ii) Assume that a computer system is in one of the three states: AP CO6 8
busy, idle, or undergoing repair respectively denoted by states
0, 1, 2. Observing its state at the same time each day, find the
steady state probabilities of the chain described by the

## behaviour of homogeneous Markov chain.

18. 1(i) Find the power spectral density of the random binary AP CO5 8
8 transmission process whose autocorrelation function is

## (ii) If and , where is AP CO4 8

a random variable uniformly distributed in . Find the
cross correlation.