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1/8/2016

Engr. Jerome Famadico


In some types of problems the motion of one
particle will depend on the corresponding motion
of another particle.

Absolute Dependent Motion: This dependency commonly occurs if the particles,


Analysis of Two Particles here represented by blocks, are interconnected by
inextensible cords which are wrapped around
pulleys.

Prepared by:
Engr. Jerome Jordan F. Famadico, CE
Instructor

Engr. Jerome Famadico

Engr. Jerome Famadico


For example, the movement of block A downward Note that each of the coordinate axes is (1)
along the inclined plane as shown in the figure measured from a fixed point (O) or fixed datum
below will cause a corresponding movement of line, (2) measured along each inclined plane in the
block B up the other incline. direction of motion of each block, and (3) has a
positive sense from C to A and D to B.

If the total cord length is lT, the two position


coordinates are related by the equation:

We can show this mathematically by first specifying


the location of the blocks using position
coordinates SA and SB.
Engr. Jerome Famadico

Engr. Jerome Famadico


Taking the time derivative of this expression, A more complicated example is
realizing that lCD and lT remain constant, while SA shown in the figure.
and SB measure the segments of the cord that
During the motion, the length
change in length. We have:
of the red colored segments of
the cord in the figure remains
constant. If l represents the
total length of cord minus
In a similar manner, time differentiation of the these segments, then the
velocities yields the relation between the position coordinates can be
accelerations, i.e., related by the equation:

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1/8/2016

Engr. Jerome Famadico

Engr. Jerome Famadico


Since l and h are constant PRACTICE PROBLEMS:
during the motion, the two 1. Determine the speed of block A in the figure
time derivatives yield: shown if block B has an upward speed of 6 ft/s.

Hence, when B moves


downward (+SB), A moves to
the left (-SA) with twice the
motion.

Engr. Jerome Famadico

Engr. Jerome Famadico


PRACTICE PROBLEMS: PRACTICE PROBLEMS:
2. Determine the speed of A in the figure shown if B 3. Determine the speed of block B in the figure
has an upward speed of 6 ft/s. shown if the end of the cord at A is pulled down
with a speed of 2 m/s.