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Repaso San Marcos

SEMANA
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INGLÉS
REPASO SAN MARCOS

PRESENT SIMPLE 3. Scheduled events in the near future


The Present Simple can be used to talk about a sche-
duled event in the near future. This is normally used
The Present Simple has four main functions (uses). with timetables; arrival and departure times, but it
With regard to its form, remember that in the third per- can be used with other scheduled events especially
son singular ‘s/es’ is added to the verb. if there is a fixed time which is referred to in the sen-
I speak English. / He speaks English. tence.

Question forms with the Present Simple need the The flight leaves at 6:55. Why such an ungodly hour?
auxiliary ‘do’, as do short replies: The party starts at nine.
Do you speak English? / Does he speak English? What time does the morning lesson start?
Yes, I do. / Yes, he does?
No, I don’t / No, he doesn’t? It is important to remember that the Present Simple
is only used for a scheduled time when it is absolu-
Uses of the Present Simple tely clear in context and cannot be confused with a
1. Repeated actions routine. In situations like this the Present Continuous
is used:
The Present Simple is used to express the idea that - I meet Peter at seven on Friday. – This means every
an action is repeated or usual. It shows the action to Friday.
be a habit, a hobby, a scheduled event, or something - I am meeting Peter at seven on Friday. – This is a
that often happens. It can even show something a fixed arrangement for the future.
person forgets regularly or never does:
4. Using ‘now’ with non - continuous verbs
I play the piano.
She doesn’t play tennis. Speakers sometimes use the Present Simple to ex-
Does he play tennis? press the idea that an action is happening now. Nor-
The bus leaves every 30 minutes. mally this is expressed with the Present Continuous
The bus does not pass through your street. but the Present Simple can be used with verbs that
When does the bus leave? do not take the continuous form and with ‘mixed’
I never forget a face. verbs.
I always forget the names of new acquaintances. - I’m here in London now.
Did you forget your phone again? - I’m afraid Sarah is not here now.
The sun rises in the center of the bay in summer. - John needs our help now.
Where does the sun rise from? - Do you have your camera with you now?
- I don’t have time now.
2. Facts or generalizations
Position of adverbs
The Present Simple can also show that the speaker
Adverbs of frequency are placed in front of the main
believes a fact was true, is true now, and will be true
verb as do adverbs like ever, still, just etc. Adverbs of
in the future. It is also used to make generalizations:
time come in the front or end position of the sentence.
- I only speak English?
Italians love cooking.
- Do you only speak English?
The English do not like travelling to cold countries for
- Do you still work as an accountant?
their holidays.
Do the Japanese eat beef?

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Academia ADUNI

Exercises

Doctor Bugs Marcus the Monkey


Most people don’t like bugs, but Doctor Mark Moffet lo- My name is Marcus. I am a monkey. I have five fingers
ves them! In fact, his nickname is Doctor Bugs. He’s and five toes, just like you. I have long arms and a long
a photographer and an entomologist. An entomologist tail. I live in the trees in the rainforest. It is very hot in the
studies bugs. Doctor Moffet’s favorite bug is the ant. He rainforest. I have great fun swinging from the branches.
goes all over the world to study ants. He watches them I like to munch on fruit and leaves. Bananas are my fa-
as they eat, work, rest, sleep, and fight. He takes photo- vorite food. Bananas are good for you. I live with other
graphs of the ants. He lies on the ground with his came- monkeys. A group of monkeys is called troop. I am a
ra and waits for the right moment. The ants and other very clever animal. My brain is very big.
bugs often bite him, but that doesn’t stop Doctor Bugs.
He has an interesting and unusual job, and he loves it!
6. Where does Marcus live?
1. Where does Doctor Mark Moffet go to study ants?
A) In the desert
A) He goes to his garden
B) In the woods
B) He lies on the ground
C) In the rainforest
C) He waits for the right moment
D) In a cave
D) He goes all over the world
E) In the lake
E) He goes to the jungle

2. What does an entomologist study? 7. What is his favorite food?

A) An entomologist studies the ground A) Bananas


B) An entomologist studies only ants B) Carrots
C) An entomologist studies bugs C) Grapes
D) An entomologist studies all kind of animals D) Pears
E) An entomologist is interested in ants E) Coconuts

3. What does he watch about ants? 8. What is a group of monkeys called?

A) He loves them A) An army


B) He takes photographs B) A gang
C) He doesn’t like bugs C) A troop
D) He watches them as ants eat, work, rest, sleep and
D) A pod
fight
E) A pack
E) He watches ants how they bit him

9. How does Marcus get fun?


4. Why Doctor Moffet’s nickname is Doctor Bugs?
A) Munching leaves
A) He doesn`t like bugs. B) With his long arms
B) He’s an entomologist. C) Living in the trees
C) His favorite bug is the ant. D) Eating bananas
D) He is always bitten by bugs. E) Swinging from the branches
E) He loves bugs.
10. What does the word clever mean in the text?
5. What does the word unusual mean in the text?
A) Dumb
A) common B) Silly
B) rare C) Distracted
C) normal D) Smart
D) typical E) Outgoing
E) expected