You are on page 1of 5




Seat belts have proved to be one of the most effective safeguards against

death and injury in a vehicle crash. Efforts to encourage seat belt use span 30

years, yet in 2002 approximately one-quarter of drivers and front-seat passengers

were still observed not to be buckled up. The number was considerably higher for

drivers with a high risk of crash involvement; nearly 60 percent of drivers in high-

speed fatal crashes were unrestrained despite the fact that drivers and passengers

can reduce their risk of dying in a crash nearly by half simply by buckling up.

Canada, many northern European countries, and Australia can document belt use

rates that exceed 90 percent.


The seat belts play a vital role in the driver’s safety during driving. One

should buckle up the seat belt when inside or driving the car. This is because in

most of the accidents the seat belts protect the passengers and the driver by holding

them to their seats. But still in most of the countries people do not buckle up their

seat belts due to inconvenience in driving. The purpose of the project was to

promote safety belt use all the countries by gaining a better understanding of the

effectiveness and safety of the seat belts. These systems were judged as being less

effective than the 3-point safety belt and were not well liked by consumers. When

it was clarified its definition of “passive occupant protection” to encompass air

bags, automatic belts were largely eliminated from newly manufactured vehicles

This project is developed so that the seat belt must be buckled and that makes the

ignition of the car to go. The ignition of the system is locked while the seat belts

are in the ordinary conditions, and the ignition is not done in the chamber, so that

the car fails to start. If the seat belts were buckled up and started, the car starts to


The working principle of the seal belt based ignition system is as follows, it

has a seat belt sensor unit which senses for the seat belt (buckled up or not). This

sensor is power by the battery which could be merely the car’s battery. The sensed

signal is sent to the control unit, to which the car’s ignition key system also gets

connected. When the seat belt is buckled up the sensor senses the signal and makes

the system loop closed and makes way for the system for the ignition. The sensor

sends the signal to the control unit which makes the loop closed, and now when the

key is turned or switched to ignition. The engine gets started and it continues to

run. The ignition does not switches to on when the seat belt is not buckled up, this

is because the sensor does not send any sensed signal to the controller and hence

the system remains open, so it does not gets ignited.


Some of the advantages of the this type of the system are as follows

 The engine does not start if the seat belt is not buckled up. So one can

ensure the safety of the person inside the car.

 This can even reduce damages up to 50% in the accidental hazards

 The system gets the supply through 12v battery which can be easily

put inside any vehicle.

 The system response time is barely 2ms which makes it respond


 This system makes seat belt wearing mandatory.


 One can never start the engine without the seat belt buckled up.

 It needs a separate small unit to be kept inside the car.


 All automobile application

 High security and to minimize the accident death