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Thermodynamics questions....

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Tutorial-1 (Unit – 1)

1. Two chambers with the same fluid at their base are separated by a piston whose weight is 25 N, as shown

in Fig. 1. Calculate the gage pressures in chambers A and B.

Fig: 1 Fig: 2

2. A U-tube manometer is connected to a closed tank containing air and water as shown in Figure 2. At the

closed end of the manometer the absolute air pressure is 140kPa. Determine the reading on the pressure

gage for a differential reading of 1.5-m on the manometer. Express your answer in gage pressure value.

Assume standard atmospheric pressure and neglect the weight of the air columns in the manometer.

3. Two water tanks are connected to each other through a mercury manometer with inclined tubes, as shown

in Fig. 3. If the pressure difference between the two tanks is 20 kPa, calculate a and ϴ.

Fig: 3 Fig: 4

4. For the inclined-tube manometer of Figure 4, the pressure in pipe A is 8 kPa. The fluid in both pipes A and B

is water, and the gage fluid in the manometer has a specific gravity of 2.6. What is the pressure in pipe B

corresponding to the differential reading shown?

1

5. A mercury manometer is used to measure the pressure difference in the two pipelines as shown in Fig 5.

Fuel (ρf = 850 kg/m3) is flowing in A and oil (ρo = 915 kg/m3) is flowing in B. An air pocket has become

entrapped in the oil as indicated. Determine the pressure in pipe B if the pressure in A is 105.5 kPa.

Fig: 5 Fig: 6

6. A weight lies on a piston with a radius r2 = 1.0 m. Determine the force F1 applied to the piston with radius

r1 = 20 cm if the hydraulic jack is in balance, as shown in Fig 6. The jack is filled by an oil with ρo = 850

kg/m3. Mass of weight is mw = 1000 kg. Neglect the mass of the pistons.

7. A mercury manometer connects two oil pipe lines, as shown in Fig 7. Calculate a pressure difference

between points A and B if H=2m, Δh=0.2m, ρo=800 kg/m3, ρm=13600 kg/m3. [Ans: 9.418 kPa]

8. A mercury manometer is connected to open tank of fuel (Fig 8). Calculate a change of manometer readings

h if a level of fuel increases by ΔH. Take ΔH=0.2m, ρf=832 kg/m3, ρm=13600 kg/m3. [Ans: 0.6 cm]

Fig: 7 Fig: 8

2

9. Compartments A and B of the tank shown in the figure 9 are closed and filled with air and a liquid with a

specific gravity equal to 0.6 respectively. If atmospheric pressure is 101 kPa and the pressure gage reads 3.5

kPa (gage), determine the manometer reading, h.

10. Deduce the manometer reading h2 in Fig. 10 terms of h3, h, ρ1, ρ2 and ρw.

Fig: 9 Fig: 10

11. A platinum wire is used as resistance thermometer. The wire resistance was found to be 10 ohm, 16 ohm

and 30 ohm at ice point, steam point and sulphur point respectively. Find the resistance of the wire at

500oC, if the resistance varies with temperature by the relation: R = Ro (1+αT+βT2). Sulphur point is 444.6oC.

12. The temperature t on a thermometric scale is defined in terms of a property ‘P’ by the relation:

t=a ln P + b, where a and b are constants. The temperatures of the ice point and the steam point are

assigned the number 0 and 100 respectively. Experiment gives values of P of 1.86 and 6.81 at the ice point

and steam point respectively. Evaluate the temperature corresponding to a reading of P=2.50 on the

thermometer.

13. The readings, tA and tB, of two Celsius thermometers A and B agree at the ice point (0K) and ice point

(100K), but elsewhere are related by the equation , where l, m and n are constants.

When both the thermometers are immersed in a well-stirred oil bath ‘A’ registers 51 K while ‘B’ registers

50K. (a) Determine the reading on B when A reads 25 K. (b) Discuss the question: Which thermometer is

correct?

14. A constant volume gas thermometer containing helium gives readings of gas pressure, ‘p’ of 1000 and 1366

mm of mercury at the ice point and the steam point respectively.

(a) Express the gas thermometer Celsius temperature, ‘tc’ in terms of gas pressure p.

(b) The thermometer, when left standing in the atmosphere, registers 1075 mm. Determine the

atmospheric temperature.

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