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M. Tech.

in Post Harvest Engineering


(AG – 8)
Semester 1
Sub. No. Sub. Sub. Name L T P C Semester
Code
Post Harvest Engineering 1
AG60071 C1 3 1 0 4
Operation
Physics and Chemistry of 1
AG60073 C2 3 1 0 4
Bio-Materials
E1 Elective I 3 0/1 0 3/4 1
E2 Elective II 3 0/1 0 3/4 1
E3 Elective III 3 0/1 0 3/4 1
Post Harvest Engineering 1
AG69031 L1 0 0 3 2
Lab.
Properties of Biomaterials 1
AG69033 L2 0 0 3 2
Lab.
AG69001 S1 Seminar 0 0 3 2 1
15 2/5 9 23/26

Semester 2
Sub. No. Sub. Sub. Name L T P C Semester
Code
AG60072 C3 Grain Process Engineering 3 1 0 4 2
Grain Storage Principle and 2
AG60074 C4 3 1 0 4
Structure
0/ 2
E4 Elective IV 3 0 3/4
1
0/ 2
E5 Elective V 3 0 3/4
1
0/ 2
E6 Elective VI 3 0 3/4
1
E7 Communication Skills 2 0 3 3 2
AG69016 L3 Grain processing Lab. 0 0 3 2 2
AG69002 S2 Seminar II 0 0 3 2 2
17 2/ 9 24/27 2
5

Semester 3
Sub. No. Sub. Code Sub. Name L T P C Semester
AG67001 P1 Thesis Part 1 0 0 40 20 3
CV Comprehensive 3 3
Viva-voce
Semester 4
Sub. No. Sub. Code Sub. Name L T P C Semester
AG67002 P2 Thesis Part 0 0 40 20 4
2

Summary
Sl Particulars Required Proposed
No.
Number Credits Number Credits
1. Total credit 88-94 92-94
2 Core courses 2-5 4
3 Elective courses 5-8 8
4 Total credit from core and Elective 36-40 37-43
courses
5 Labs and credits 2-3 6-8 3 6
6 Seminars 2 4 2 4
7 Comprehensive viva-voce 1 3 1 3
8 Thesis part 1 20 20
9 Thesis part 2 20 20

LIST OF ELECTIVE SUBJECTS

Elective 1, 2 and 3 (Any three of the following)

Sub. No. Sub. Sub. Name L T P C Semester


Code
Agro Industrial Project Planning and 3 1 0 4 1
AG60107 E Management
AG60081 E Computational Methods 3 1 0 4 1
AG60117 E Fat and Oil Technology 3 0 0 3 1
AG60097 E Transfer Processes in Food Engineering 3 1 0 4 1

ME60085 E Refrigeration Systems 3 1 0 4 1

LIST OF ELECTIVE SUBJECTS

Elective 4,5 and 6 (Any three of the following)


Sub. No. Sub. Sub. Name L T P C Semester
Code
Advances in Drying and Dehydration of 3 0 0 3 2
AG60136 E Crop
AG60138 E Processing of Horticultural and 3 0 0 3 2
Plantation Crop Products
AG60140 E Crop Process Equipment Design 3 0 0 3 2
AG60094 E Seed Technology 3 1 0 4 2
AG60022 E Dairy and Food Products Technology 3 1 0 4 2
AG60124 E Food Handling and Packaging 3 0 0 3 2
AG60126 E Plant Utilities and Sanitation 3 0 0 3 1
MA60012 E Computational Software 3 1 0 4 1
AG60118 E Biomass and Agricultural Byproducts 3 1 0 4 1
Utilization
AG60116 E Agricultural Finance and Marketing 3 1 0 4 1
IM60051 E Project Engineering and Management 3 1 0 4 2
IM60014 E Networks and Project management 3 1 0 4 2

Detailed Syllabi
Dairy and Food Products Technology AG60022
3 - 1 - 0 : 4 Credits Prerequsites: None

Basic principles and methods of food processing and perservation.


Emerging technologies in food processing. Food additives and
preservatives. Food laws and standards. Effect of processing on
acceptability and nutritive value of food. Physico-chemical properties
and structure of milk and milk constituents. Chemical and microbial
spoilage of milk and milk products; Fluid milk processing, packaging
and distribution. Common dairy processes - cream separation (
standardization), pasteurization, sterilization and homogenisation.
Process technology for manufacture of evaporated milk, codensed
milk, dried milk, malted milk, infant and baby foods, icecream, cheese,
butter, formented milk and indigenous dairy products. Methods and
procedures for sampling and testing of milk and milk products. Laws
and standards for milk and milk products. Technological processes for
industrially manufactured foods of commercial importance, from plant
and animal origin. Cereals, vegetables, fruits, meats, poultry and egg
products; Bakery, pasta and confectionary products, ready to eat
foods, fermented foods, alcoholic and non- alcoholic beverages, tea,
coffee and cocoa, fabricated foods. packaging materials;
characteristics, properties and their design. Packaging requirement for
different processed and unprocessed foods. Working Principles of
various type of fillers: form-fill- seal machine. Gas packaging and
modified atmosphere package design. Shelf life prediction of foods in
packages. Quality control in food packaging. Product safety and
packaging regulations.

Post Harvest Engineering Operation AG60071


3 - 1 - 0 : 4 Credits Prerequsites: None

Hydrothermal treatment & conditioning of grains, Modern paddy and


wheat parboiling-systems, equipment, Advances in heat transfer and
fluid flow in grain processing operations. Humidification and
dehumidification operations applied to post harvest engineering. Crop
drying principles, moisture migration theories, advances in crop drying
theories & mathematical modeling, Crop drying methods/systems and
Crop dryers-selection, design and testing.

Grain Process Engineering AG60072


3 - 1 - 0 : 4 Credits Prerequsites: None

Measurement and analysis of quality of different grains. Optimum


harvesting conditions for different crops, principles, selection,
operation, maintenance and testing of grains processing equipment
and plants, fluidization and mechanical operations in cereal processing.
Processes and machines for operations involving cleaning,
conditioning, milling, sizing, grading and packaging of cereals (paddy,
wheat, maize and millets) and pulses.

Physics and Chemistry of Bio-Materials AG60073


3 - 1 - 0 : 4 Credits Prerequsites: None

Physical characteristics, rheological properties, texture evaluation,


mechanical damage, aero- and hydro-dynamic characteristics,
fractional characteristics, thermal, electrical and optical properties of
bio-materials and their application to processing, storage and
handling. Composition of grains and other bio-materials and their
properties, physico-chemical changes in grains and other bio-materials
during processing and storage.
Grain Storage Principle and Structure AG60074
3 - 1 - 0 : 4 Credits Prerequsites: None

Principles and practices of storage - storage losses and their


estimation, factors affecting the grain quality in insects, pests and
rodents-control. Flow characteristics of granular materials. Types and
functional requirements of storage structures-village level and
improved structures, godowns and silos. Design of silos, bunkers and
godowns-R.C.C. and steel structures. Aeration system for various
storage structures. Grain handling equipment and their design and
operational features. Management and maintenance of grain storage.

Computational Methods AG60081


3 - 1 - 0 : 4 Credits Prerequsites: None

Numerical solution of equations; Iteration techniques; Interpolation,


finite difference calculus, integration and differentiation; Solution of
linear equations using iterative and matrix methods; Boundary value
problems; Partial differential equations; Simple statistical methods and
curve fitting; Programming language features, functions and
subroutines.

Seed Technology AG60094


3 - 1 - 0 : 4 Credits Prerequsites: None

Seed multiplication with reference to production and harvesting of


hybrid, composite and improved varieties of crops, seed certification,
seed processing with reference to drying, cleaning, processing and
treatment of seed packaging, post harvest control of insect, pest and
fungi in storage, packaging, seed testing, seed germination and
vigour, maintenance and distribution of breeders seed, foundation
seed and certified seeds.

Transfer Processes in Food Engineering AG60097


3 - 1 - 0 : 4 Credits Prerequsites: None

Momentum transfer: Equation of continuity, equation of motion, pipe


flow, channel flow, flow through porous media, Ergun’s equation,
fluidization of solids, principle of extrusion. Heat Transfer- Fourier’s
law, conduction, convection and radiative heat transfer. Steady state
and transient heat transfer. Heat transfer in Cartesian and cylindrical
coordinates. Analytical and numerical solutions to transient state heat
transfer. Heat exchangers without and with heat loss, effectiveness
and transfer units. Mass transfer: Molecular diffusion, Fick’s law,
diffusion in solids, liquids and gases, heat and mass transfer analogy.

Agro Industrial Project Planning and Management AG60107


3 - 1 - 0 : 4 Credits Prerequsites: None

Methods of techno-economic feasibility study, analysis of alternatives,


economic decisions, plant location and layout criteria for selection,
single, multiple and continuous facility design and layout problems,
discrete location and layout problems, forecasting-distribution of time
series analysis and calculations, project feasibility report preparation,
agro-industrial production systems- capital budgeting, productivity
measurement, quality control inventory, risk analysis, maintenance.

Agricultural Finance and Marketing AG60116


3 - 1 - 0 : 4 Credits Prerequsites: None

Marketing core concepts: needs & Maslows hierarchy of needs, wants,


demands, products, utility, value, satisfaction, exchange, transactions,
relationships, markets; management: production concept, product
concept, selling concept, marketing concept; planning and process:
SBU identification, SWOT analysis, marketing mix, resource allocation;
industrial markets; segmentation variables in consumer and industrial
markets; state of branding in agro and food sectors; pricing strategies
and programs; product life cycle.

Finance - elements of engineering economics; balance sheet & loss


and profit accounts; agricultural finance, institutional and non-
institutional credits; principles of farm finance; need for specialised
agencies for agricultural credit, risk involved in finance, recovery of
loans, supervision, linking credit with marketing management of
agricultural credit.

Fats and Oils Technology AG60117


3 - 0 - 0 : 3 Credits Prerequsites: None
Lipids, oils and fats-occurrence and distribution in nature, composition,
solid-liquid, liquid-liquid, separation operations in solvents extraction
and refining of oils. Physical and chemical properties. Saturated and
unsaturated fatty acid and their properties. Enzymatic and chemical
spoilage. Milling of oilseed extraction of oils-mechanical and solvent
extraction. Refining, degumming and dewaxing, alkali treatment,
bleaching, deodourization etc. Hydrogenation of unsaturated fats and
oils. Butter substitutes, salad oils, shortenings and oils of special use-
Oleoresins and essential oils.

Biomass and Agricultural Byproducts Utilization AG60118


3 - 1 - 0 : 4 Credits Prerequsites: None

Classification, characteristics and conversion methods of bio-mass and


solid wastes. Bio-mass combustion - Principles & mechanism, furnaces
and their design. Chemical conversion of bio-mass and agricultural
wastes into pulp, paper, various other products and chemicals.
Conversion of agricultural wastes into energy chemicals. Utilization of
milling by-products of cereals, pulses and other bearing materials for
foods, feed and chemicals production.

Food Handling and Packaging AG60124


3 - 0 - 0 : 3 Credits Prerequsites: None

Overview of material handling system and devices in food processing


plants, Design of screw, bucket, belt, oscillating and vibratory
conveyors. Refrigerated transport and transportation in insulated
containers, Packaging materials, their characteristics and properties,
Manufacture of plastic films, foils, laminates, retortable pouches, rigid
plastic container paper and corrugated fibre board, Design of shipping
cartons and containers, Rigid packaging using tin plate and aluminium,
Design of aerosol container, metal tubes, glass containers and
closures, Labels and printing in packages, Packaging requirement for
different processed and unprocessed foods, e.g., cereal grains, baked
foods, milk and dairy products, fish and meat, fresh fruits and
vegetables, Principles of working of various type fillers : form- fill-seal
machine, gas packaging and modified atmosphere package design,
Shelf life prediction of foods in packages, Quality control in food
packaging, Product safety and packaging regulations.

Plant Utilities and Sanitation AG60126


3 - 0 - 0 : 3 Credits Prerequsites: None

Steam generation -Boiler design considerations, forced and induced


draught. Flue gas analysis and performance analysis. Water treatment
for prevention against boil corrosion and scale formation on heat
exchange equipment. Water treatment against microbial
contamination. process plant sanitation - chemistry and CIP cleaning
systems. Detergent properties and corrosion inhibition. Waster water
treatment- BOD and its reduction, design of batch and continuous type
effluent treatment system. Principles for biochemical reaction
engineering.

Process plant automation - analogue, digital, PI and PID control,


Temperature and pressure measurements. Advanced instrumentation.

Advances in Drying and Dehydration of Crop AG60136


3 - 0 - 0 : 3 Credits Prerequsites: None

Water activity and it’s relation with shelf life of grains and other bio-
materials. Equilibrium moisture content and latent heat of
vapourisation. Equipment for movement and heating of air. Resistance
to air flow in granular bed. Drying characteristics of cereals, pulses,
oilseeds, spices and other bio-materials. Advances in drying theory
and simulation of drying process. Heated air dryers’ heat requirement
and thermal efficiency of drying systems. Aeration, tempering and
dehydration. Operation of dryers and their control. Dehydration of
crops by microwave, dielectric and irradiation. Recent dehydration
techniques, dehydration operations. Packing of dried grain products
and other bio-materials.

Processing of Horticultural and Plantation Crop


AG60138
Products
Prerequsites:
3 - 0 - 0 : 3 Credits
None

Principles and techniques in preservation of foods and vegetables-cold


storage, freezing, addition of chemicals, dehydration and canning,
packaging. Manufacturing methods of major horticultural and
plantation crop products-juices, pickles, jams, jellies,
marmalades,tea,coffee-processing and quality control.
Crop Process Equipment Design AG60140
3 - 0 - 0 : 3 Credits Prerequsites: None

Design of machine elements and their selection. Design of grains and


other crops processing machine components. Grain/crop processing
systems design involving, conveying, elevating, cleaning, separation,
conditioning/parboiling, milling and mixing. Design, laying and drawing
of crop processing machines and plants.

Grain Processing Lab. AG69016


0 - 0 - 3 : 2 Credits Prerequsites: None

Performance indices of grain grinding and separating systems, Testing


of paddy, wheat & pulses-milling machineries plants, plant layout ,
testing of modern food extruders

Post Harvest Engineering Lab. AG69031


0 - 0 - 3 : 2 Credits Prerequsites: None

Sorption and desorption of grains\bio-materials, parboiling of grains.


Thin layer drying characteristics of crops and other bio-materials,
testing of condition & convection dryers, Expression\extraction of oils,
testing of different rice bran stabilization methods and preparation of
valuable products from husk.

Properties of Bio-Materials Laboratory AG69033


3 - 1 - 0 : 4 Credits Prerequsites: None

Physical characteristics, rheological properties, texture evaluation,


mechanical damage, aero- and hydro-dynamic characteristics,
fractional characteristics, thermal, electrical and optical properties of
bio-materials and their application to processing, storage and
handling. Composition of grains and other bio-materials and their
properties, physico-chemical changes in grains and other bio-materials
during processing and storage.