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1.

The discipline which is concerned with (se ocupa de) the practical usage, acquisition, teaching language, and education, is called:
a) Linguistics. b) Psycholinguistics c) Applied linguistics.

2. The study of how languages change over time (con el tiempo), the reasons for the changes and the relationship among different
languages are the focus of: a) Geographical Linguistics. b) Historical linguistics. c) Descriptive linguistics.

3. Non standard English differs from Standard English most importantly at the level of: a) Grammar. b) Phonology. c)
Vocabulary.

4. A variety of a spoken language peculiar to a region, community, social group, or occupational group is known as: a) Dialect. b)
Non standard language c) Accent.

5. Prestige dialect can be defined as: a) Standard language b) BBC dialect c) Geographical variation of a language.

6. ……………. refers to difference in pronunciation: a) Dialect b) Accent c) Register.

7. The discipline that studies the mental processes involved (implicados) in the comprehension, production, and acquisition of
language is called: a) Neurolinguistics b) Sociolinguistics c) Psycholinguistics.

8. When concrete vocabulary is taught through demonstrations, objects and pictures, and when the classroom instructions are
given in the target language (idioma de destino), it means that we apply: a) Direct method b) Grammar – translation
method c) Task – based language teaching.

9. Students may be engaged in real – world task – use situations, such as short dialogues between a customer and a waiter in a
restaurant, or filling in job application form, etc. This is description of: a) Direct method b) Task – based language teaching c)
Natural approach.

10.When grammar rules are practiced through translation exercises little or no attention is paid (ejerce poco o no se presta atención)
to speaking, reading and writing are used as main class activities, we apply: a) Grammar – translation method b) Task –
based language teaching c) Direct method.

11.This method is designed for beginners. The teacher gives very simple commands. Students may perform (realizar) very simple
dialogues using fixed conversational patterns (utilizando patrones conversacionales fijos). Speaking can be delayed (retrasado) until
learners feel ready to do it. This is a description of: a) Direct method b) Communicative approach c) Natural approach
(enfoque).

12.This method places a special emphasis on the development of speaking skill as a goal: a) Natural approach b)
Communicative approach (enfoque) c) Task – based language teaching (La enseñanza de idiomas basado en tareas).

13.Intercommunication, prestige, and necessity are some of the factors that influenced the changes in the lexicon during the period
known as: a) Old English b) Middle English c) Modern English.

14.During this stream (corriente) of language studies, ancient scholars (antiguos eruditos) tried to explain why languages consist of
systems of rules and forms. They concluded that the human languages are rule – governed. It is true about: a) Roman
grammarians b) Modistae c) Sophists (sofistas).

15.Which of these methods is learner – centered (centrado): a) Grammar – translation b) Direct method c)
Communicative approach.

16.Which of the following methods does not allow the use of students´ mother tongue: a) Natural approach b) Task – based
language teaching c) Direct method.

17.The preproduction stage (etapa), the early production, and speech emergent phases are the parts of: a) Communicative
approach b) Direct method c) Natural approach.

18.A task is a special form of technique. Students might be asked to accomplish different real – world tasks, for instance (por
ejemplo), problem – solving tasks, discussion or exchange of ideas tasks, use of dialogues (ex: between a waiter and a customer in a
restaurant, or flight attendant and a passenger), etc. It is true about: a) Task – based language teaching b) Direct method c)
The communicative approach.
1. Applied Linguistics is a field of study that identifies, investigates, and offers solutions to language related problems. T F.

2. Applied Linguistics deal with mother, foreign, and second language acquisition. T F.

3. “Standard” language is usually represented in oral communication T F.

4. Lingua Franca refers to level of usage of most educated speakers of a language and is established as the prestigious form of that
language. T F.

5. Pidgin language is a simplified language that develops as a means (medio) of communication between two or more groups that
do not have a language in common. T F.

6. Accent refers to variation of language in grammar use. T F.

7. Prescriptive approach (enfoque) consists basically of stating (indicar) what is considered right and wrong in language T F.

8. Dialects differ from standard language at levels of grammar, pronunciation, and vocabulary. T F.

9. Branches (ramas) of Applied Linguistics are: morphology, semantics, syntax, and phonology. T F.

10.Linguistics studies languages as a part of human behaviour. T F.

11.The deliberate change from one manner or style of speaking to another is called CODE SWITCHING. (Cambio de código.) T F.

12.The term code switching was introduced by Basil Bernstein. T F.

13.Descriptive approach deals with variety or manner of speaking of a language and refers to HOW language should be used. T F.

14.Standard language is considered to be a prestige dialect. T F.

15.When languages share the common source or origin, they are called pidgin T F.

16.Sociolinguistics is the study of how language and social factors are related. T F.

17.Critical Discourse Analysis is a field of interest for Linguistic T F.

18.Dialects are said to be regional and social class variations of the same language. T F.

19.Language attitude refers to the feelings people have about their own language variety or languages or language varieties of
others T F.

20.A LANGUAGE FAMILY is a group of languages derived from the same (parental) language. T F.

1. Phonology, Syntax, Semantics are the branches of Applied Linguistics. T F.

2. Linguistics studies languages as a part of human behavior. T F.

3. Comparative Linguistics is a branch (rama) of Applied Linguistics. T F.

4. Applied Linguistics deals with mother, foreign, second language acquisition. T F.

5. One of the functions of Applied Linguistics is to offer solutions in language T F.

6. Applied Linguistics mostly describes second and foreign language Acquisition. T F.

7. Critical Discourse Analysis is a center of interest of Linguistics. T F.

8. The “applied” part of linguistics deals with functions of science. T F.

9. Functional Linguistics describes language as a means of communication and how people use their language. T F.

10.Applied Linguistics establishes a reciprocal relationship between experience and expertise. T F.

1. “Standard” language is usually represented in oral communication. T F.


2. Dialects are said to be regional and social class variations of the same language. F T.

3. The deliberate change from one manner or style of speaking to another is called code choice. T F.

4. The phenomenon of code switching can be observed in an oral communication of less educated people. T F.

5. The difference in pronunciation constitutes the main distinguishing feature between standard and non standard. T F.

6. Accent may indicate the social status of speakers. T F.

7. Psycholinguistics studies the mental processes involved in comprehension, production, and acquisition of language. T F.

8. Sociolinguistics does not have any practical applications in education. T F.

9. Slang represents non standard language. T F.

10.Sociolinguistics deals with the studies of language variations. T F.

1. When languages share common source or origin, they are called ----------------. a. Language death b. Related languages c. Pidgin
language.

2. When a certain language is not in use anymore, we refer to ---------------. a. Related language b. Foreign language c. Language
death.

3. English is a --------------- in a community where another tongue is spoken. a. Foreign language b. Second language c. Pidgin
language.

4. English as a -------------- refers to language learning where it is the official means of communication around the country and the
students native language IS NOT English. a. Language death b. Second language c. Foreign language.

5. --------------- refers to language used by speakers who have different first language. a. Language death b. Related languages c.
Pidgin language.

1. Attitude is a manner of acting, feeling, and thinking that shows one´s disposition, opinion, or mental set T F.

2. Related languages share a common source. T F.

3. Languages changes can occur as a result of people´s migration. T F.

4. The linguistic phenomenon of Language Death can be caused by certain social conditions, like genocide. T F.

5. The terms English as Second Language and English as Foreign language are synonymous T F.

1. When concrete vocabulary is taught through demonstrations, objects and pictures, and when the classroom instructions are
given in the target language, it means that we apply: a) Direct method b) Grammar – translation method c) Task –
based language teaching.

2. Students may be engaged in real – world task – use situations, such as short dialogues between a customer and a waiter in a
restaurant, or filling in job application form, etc,. This is description of: a) Direct method b) Task – based language teaching c)
Natural approach.

3. When grammar rules are practiced through translation exercises; little or no attention is paid to speaking; reading and writing are
used as main class activities, we apply: a) Grammar – translation method b) Task – based language teaching c) Direct
method.

4. This method is designed for beginners. Teacher gives very simple commands. Students may perform very simple dialogues using
fixed conversational patterns. Speaking can be delayed until learners feel ready to do it. We describe: a) Direct method b)
Communicative approach c) Natural approach.

5. This method makes the focus on communicative competence: a) Natural approach b) Communicative approach c)
Task – based language teaching.
6. Which of these methods are learner – centered: a) Grammar – translation b) Direct method c) Communicative
approach.

7. Which of the following methods does not allow the use of students´ mother tongue? a)Natural approach b) Task – based
language teaching c) Direct method.

8. One of these methods is still popular nowadays: a) Communicative language teaching b) Natural approach c) Grammar
– translation.g