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CONTENTS

Chapter.
No. Name of the Experiment Page no

1 3
The design process
2 12
Literature survey
3 22
Comparative study
4 27
Weight estimation
5 32
Powerplant selection
6 35
Actual weight estimation
7 37
Selection of airfoil
8 43
Performance curves
9 47
Three view diagram
10 48
V-n Diagram
INDEX

Description page no.


1. Aim of the project………………………………………………...1

2. Abstract…………………………………………………………...2

3. Introduction to aircraft design project………………………….....3

4. Introduction to design process…………………………………….4

 Starting a design process………………………………....4

 Phases of airplane design………………………………....5

 Conceptual design………………………………………….5

 Preliminary design………………………………………...5

 Detail design……………………………………………....6

 Requirements………………………………………….…..7

 Weight of the airplane…………………………………......7

 Critical performance parameters…………………………..7

 Configuration layout………………………………………8

 Better weight estimate……………………………………..8

 Performance analysis…………………………………........8

 Optimization……………………………………………......8

 New design……………………………………………….....8

 Design aspects……………………………………………...9

 Performance aspects…………………………………….....9

5. Literature survey……………………………………………….….12

 Classification of airplanes…………………………….…..13
 Based on operation…………………………………….…..13

 Based on configuration…………………………………...13

 Based on position of wings…………………………….....14

 Based on shape of wings……………………………….....15

 Based on engines……………………………………….....18

 Based on fuselage……………………………………….....20

 Based on landing gear…………………………………….20

 Consideration for own aircraft……………………………20

6. Comparative study………………………………………………...22

 Comparative data sheet…………………………………...23


7. Weight estimation………………………………………………....27

 Fuel fraction estimation………………………………….28


 Estimation of empty weight ratio………………………..30

8. Powerplant selection……………………………………….……..32

 Specifications……………………………………….……34

9. Actual weight estimation………………………………………...32

 Error...................................................................................36

10. Selection of airfoil……………………………………………….37

 NACA Four- Digit series………………………………..37


 NACA Five- Digit series………………………………..38
 NACA Six- Digit series…………………………............39

11. Performance curves……………………………………………...43

 Maximum speed Vs service ceiling…………………….43

 Maximum speed Vs aspect ratio………………………..44

 Maximum speed Vs rate of climb………………………..44


 Maximum speed Vs wing loading………………………45

 Maximum speed Vs range……………………………….45

 Maximum speed Vs B/L…………………………………46

12. Three view diagram………………………………………............47

13. V-n diagram……………………………………………………….48

 Formula used……………………………………………...49
14. Conclusion……..............................................................................50
15. References……………...................................................................51