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List of musical scales and modes - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.

org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modes

List of musical scales and modes


The following is a list of musical scales and modes. Degrees are relative to the major scale.

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List of musical scales and modes - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modes

List of musical scales and modes

Use of
# of key
Lower Upper
Name Image Sound Degrees pitch signature
tetrachord tetrachord
classes usual or
unusual

15 equal
15-tet scale on C. Play — 15 — — —
temperament

16 equal
Play — 16 — — —
temperament 16-tet scale on C.

17 equal
Play — 17 — — —
temperament 17-tet scale on C.

19 equal
19-tet scale on C. Play — 19 — — —
temperament

21 equal
21-tet scale on C. Play — 21 — — —
temperament

Acoustic 1 2 3 ♯4 5
Play 7 whole tone minor

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List of musical scales and modes - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modes

Use of
# of key
Lower Upper
Name Image Sound Degrees pitch signature
tetrachord tetrachord
classes usual or
unusual

scale 6 ♭7
Acoustic scale on C.

Aeolian mode
1 2 ♭3 4 5
or natural Play 7 minor Phrygian Usual
♭6 ♭7
minor scale
Aeolian on C.

Algerian 1 2 ♭3 ♯4 5
Play variable — —
scale ♭6 7 etc.
Algerian scale on C.

Alpha scale — Play — 15.39 — — —

1 ♭2 ♭3 ♭4
Altered scale Play 7 diminished whole tone
♭5 ♭6 ♭7

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List of musical scales and modes - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modes

Use of
# of key
Lower Upper
Name Image Sound Degrees pitch signature
tetrachord tetrachord
classes usual or
unusual

Altered scale on C.

Augmented 1 ♭3 3 5 ♯5
Play 6 — —
scale 7
Augmented scale on C.

Bebop
123456
dominant Play 8 — —
♭7 7
scale Bebop dominant scale on C.

Beta scale — Play — 18.75 — — —

1 ♭3 4 ♭5 5
Blues scale Play 6 — —
♭7

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List of musical scales and modes - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modes

Use of
# of key
Lower Upper
Name Image Sound Degrees pitch signature
tetrachord tetrachord
classes usual or
unusual

Blues scale on C.

Bohlen–
— Play — — — — —
Pierce scale

1 ♯1 2 ♯2 3
4 ♯4 5 ♯5 6
Chromatic ♯6 7
Play 12 — — —
scale Chromatic scale on C. 7 ♭7 6 ♭6 5
♭5 4 3 ♭3 2
♭2 1

Delta scale — Play — 85.7 — — —

1 2 ♭3 4 5
Dorian mode Play 7 minor minor Usual
6 ♭7
Dorian on C.

Double
1 ♭2 3 4 5
harmonic Play 7 harmonic harmonic Unusual
♭6 7
scale

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List of musical scales and modes - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modes

Use of
# of key
Lower Upper
Name Image Sound Degrees pitch signature
tetrachord tetrachord
classes usual or
unusual

Double harmonic scale on C.

Enigmatic 1 ♭2 3 ♯4
Play 7 Unusual
scale ♯5 ♯6 7
Enigmatic scale on C.

Euler–Fokker
Play — 6 — — —
genus Euler-Fokker genus 337 on C.

Flamenco 1 ♭2 3 4 5
Play 7 Phrygian Phrygian Unusual
mode ♭6 7
Flamenco mode on C.

Gamma scale — Play — 34.29 — — —

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List of musical scales and modes - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modes

Use of
# of key
Lower Upper
Name Image Sound Degrees pitch signature
tetrachord tetrachord
classes usual or
unusual

"Gypsy" 1 2 ♭3 ♯4 5
Play 7 Gypsy Phrygian Unusual
scale[a] ♭6 ♭7
"Gypsy" [sic] scale on C.

Half
1 2 ♭3 4 ♭5
diminished Play 7 minor whole tone
♭6 ♭7
scale
Half diminished scale on C.

Harmonic 12345
Play 7 major harmonic
major scale ♭6 7
Harmonic major scale on C.

Harmonic 1 2 ♭3 4 5
Play 7 minor harmonic
minor scale ♭6 (♮)7

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List of musical scales and modes - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modes

Use of
# of key
Lower Upper
Name Image Sound Degrees pitch signature
tetrachord tetrachord
classes usual or
unusual

Harmonic minor scale on C.

Harmonic
Play — 144 — — —
Scale Harmonic scale chromatic on C.

Hexany — — — — — — —

Hirajoshi
Play 1 3 ♯4 5 7 5 — — —
scale
Hirajoshi scale on C.

Hungarian
1 2 ♭3 ♯4 5
"Gypsy" Play 7 Gypsy harmonic Unusual
♭6 7
scale[a]

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List of musical scales and modes - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modes

Use of
# of key
Lower Upper
Name Image Sound Degrees pitch signature
tetrachord tetrachord
classes usual or
unusual

Hungarian "Gypsy"[sic] scale on


C.

Hungarian 1 2 ♭3 ♯4 5
Play 7 Gypsy harmonic
minor scale ♭6 7
Hungarian minor scale on C.

In scale Play 1 ♭2 4 5 ♭6 5 — —
Miyako-bushi scale on D,
equivalent to in scale on D, with
brackets on fourths.

Insen scale Play 1 ♭2 4 5 ♭7 5 — — —

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List of musical scales and modes - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modes

Use of
# of key
Lower Upper
Name Image Sound Degrees pitch signature
tetrachord tetrachord
classes usual or
unusual

Insen scale on C.

Ionian mode
123456
or major Play 7 major major Usual
7
scale
Ionian on C.

1 ♭2 ♭3 ♭4
Istrian scale Play 6 — — —
Istrian mode on C.
♭5 5

1 ♭2 4 ♭5
Iwato scale Play 5 — — —
♭7
Iwato scale on C.

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List of musical scales and modes - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modes

Use of
# of key
Lower Upper
Name Image Sound Degrees pitch signature
tetrachord tetrachord
classes usual or
unusual

1 ♭2 ♭3 4
Locrian mode Play 7 Phrygian whole tone Usual
♭5 ♭6 ♭7
Locrian on C.

Lydian
1 2 3 ♯4 ♯5
augmented Play 7 whole tone diminished
67
scale
Lydian augmented scale on C.

1 2 3 ♯4 5
Lydian mode Play 7 whole tone major Usual
67
Lydian on C.

Major bebop 12345


Play 7(8) — —
scale (♯5/♭6) 6 7
Major bebop scale on C.

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List of musical scales and modes - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modes

Use of
# of key
Lower Upper
Name Image Sound Degrees pitch signature
tetrachord tetrachord
classes usual or
unusual

Major Locrian 1 2 3 4 ♭5
Play 7 major whole tone
scale ♭6 ♭7
Major Locrian scale C.

Major
pentatonic Major pentatonic scale on C. Play 12356 5 — — Usual
scale

1 2 ♭3 4 5
Melodic The A melodic minor scale, ♮6 ♮7 8 ♭7
Play 9 minor varies
minor scale ascending and descending, on ♭6 5 4 ♭3 2
A. 1

Melodic
1 2 ♭3 4 5
minor scale Play 7 minor major
67
(ascending) Melodic minor scale ascending
on A.

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List of musical scales and modes - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modes

Use of
# of key
Lower Upper
Name Image Sound Degrees pitch signature
tetrachord tetrachord
classes usual or
unusual

Minor
pentatonic Minor pentatonic scale on A. Play 1 ♭3 4 5 ♭7 5 — — Usual
scale

Mixolydian
mode or 123456
Play 7 major minor Usual
Adonai ♭7
malakh mode Mixolydian on C.

Neapolitan 1 ♭2 ♭3 4 5
Play 7 Phrygian major Unusual
major scale 67
Neapolitan major scale on C.

Neapolitan 1 ♭2 ♭3 4 5
Play 7 Phrygian harmonic Unusual
minor scale ♭6 7
Neapolitan minor scale on C.

Non-
— Play — — — — —

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List of musical scales and modes - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modes

Use of
# of key
Lower Upper
Name Image Sound Degrees pitch signature
tetrachord tetrachord
classes usual or
unusual

Pythagorean
scale

1 2 ♭3 4 ♭5
Octatonic ♭6 6 7
Play 8 — —
scale 1 ♭2 ♭3 3
♯4 5 6 ♭7
Octatonic scales on C.

Pelog Play — — — — —
Pelog approximated in Western
notation.

1 ♭2 3 4 ♭5
Persian scale Play 7 harmonic unusual
♭6 7
Persian scale on C.

Pfluke scale - - 1 2 ♭3 ♯4 5 7 minor minor Unusual

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List of musical scales and modes - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modes

Use of
# of key
Lower Upper
Name Image Sound Degrees pitch signature
tetrachord tetrachord
classes usual or
unusual

67

Phrygian
1 ♭2 3 4 5
dominant Play 7 harmonic Phrygian Unusual
Phrygian dominant on C. ♭6 ♭7
scale

Phrygian 1 ♭2 ♭3 4 5
Play 7 Phrygian Phrygian Usual
mode ♭6 ♭7
Phrygian on C.

Prometheus 1 2 3 ♯4 6
Play 6 — —
scale ♭7
Prometheus scale on C.

1 1 ♯1 1
2 2 ♯2 2
3 34 4
Quarter tone ♯4 4 5 5
Play 24 — — —
scale Quarter tone scale C. ♯5 5 6 6
♯6 6 7 7
8 7 7 ♭7

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List of musical scales and modes - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modes

Use of
# of key
Lower Upper
Name Image Sound Degrees pitch signature
tetrachord tetrachord
classes usual or
unusual

76 6 ♭6
65 5 ♭5
54 43
3 ♭3 32
2 ♭2 21

Scale of
Play — — — — —
harmonics
Scale of harmonics C.

Play
Slendro or — 5 — — —
Slendro on C compared to a Play
whole tone scale on C.

1 ♭2 3 ♭5 5
Tritone scale Play 6 — —
♭7
Tritone scale on C.

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List of musical scales and modes - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modes

Use of
# of key
Lower Upper
Name Image Sound Degrees pitch signature
tetrachord tetrachord
classes usual or
unusual

Ukrainian 1 2 ♭3 ♯4 5
Play 7 Gypsy minor Unusual
Dorian scale 6 ♭7
Ukrainian Dorian mode on C.

Whole tone 1 2 3 ♯4 ♯5
Play 6 — —
scale ♯6
Whole tone scale on C.

Yo scale Play 1 ♭3 4 5 ♭7 5 — —
Minyō scale on D, equivalent to
yo scale on D, with brackets on
fourths.

See also
Bebop scale

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List of musical scales and modes - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_scales_and_modes

Chord-scale system
Heptatonic scale
Jazz scale
List of chord progressions
List of chords
List of musical intervals
List of pitch intervals
Arabian maqam
Modes of limited transposition
Symmetric scale
Synthetic modes
Tetrachord

Notes
a. "Gypsy" is considered a derogatory term for people who refer to themselves as Roma.

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This page was last edited on 26 November 2017, at 16:11.

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