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BENGALURU, KARNATAKA

Cell: The Unit of Life


BOTANY
[ MATCH THE COLUMN TYPE QUESTIONS ]
1. Match the following and choose the correct combination from the options given below:
Column I (Cell Organelle) Column II (Function)
A. Endoplasmic reticulum 1. Take part in cellular respiration
B. Freeribosome 2. Take part in osmoregulation and excretion
C. Mitochondrion 3. Synthesis of lipids
D. Contractile vacuole 4. Synthesize non-secretory proteins
Answer codes :
(1) A = 3,B = 4, C = 1,D = 2 (2) A = 1,B = 2, C = 4,D = 3
(3) A = 3, B = 4, C = 2, D = 1 (4) A = 3,B = 2, C = 1,D = 4
2. Match column I (Sub-structures) with column II (Functions) and select the correct answer using the
codes given below the lists :
Column I (Sub-structures) Column II (Functions)
A. Nucleosome 1 Cell adhering junctions
B. Tubulin 2 Battery of degradative enzymes
C. Desmosomes 3 Structural units of chromatin
D. Lysosomes 4 Protein units of microtubules
5 Oxidative phosphorylation
Answer codes :
(1) A = 2, B = 5,C = 4, D = 3 (2) A = 3, B = 4, C = 1,D = 2
(3) A = 3,B = 5, C = 4, D = 2 (4) A = 2, B = 4, C = 1, D = 3
3. Match the following :
Column I Column II
A. Bacteria 1 Synthesis and storage of lipids
B. Sphaerosomes 2 Idiogram
C. Chloroplasts 3 Glycocalyx
D. Karyotype 4 Thylakoids
Answer codes :
(1) A = 3, B = 2, C = 4, D = l (2) A = 3,B = 1, C = 2,D = 4
(3) A = 4, B = 3, C = 2, D = 1 (4) A = 3, B= 1,C = 4,D = 2
4. Match the sites in column I with the processes in the column II and choose the correct combination
from the options :
Column I Column II
A. Grana of chloroplast 1 Krebs' cycle
B. Stroma of chloroplast 2 Light reaction
C. Cytoplasm 3 Dark reaction
D. Mitochondrial matrix 4 Glycolysis
Answer codes :
(1) A = 4,B = 3,C = 2,D = 1 (2) A= 1,B = 2,C = 4,D = 3
(3) A = 2,B = 3,C = 4, D= 1 (4) A = 2,B = 1,C = 3,D = 4

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VK
BENGALURU, KARNATAKA
Cell: The Unit of Life
5. Match the items in column I with column II and choose the correct answer:
Column I Column II
A Sap vacuole 1 Contain digestive enzymes
B Contractile vacuole 2 Store metabolic gases
C Food vacuole 3 Osmoregulation
D Air vacuole 4 Store lipids
E Sphaerosomes 5 Store and concentrate mineral salts and
nutrients
Answer codes :
(1) A = 2, B = 3,C = 4,D = 5,E = 1 (2) A = 5, B = 3,C = 1,D = 2,E = 4
(3) A = 5, B = 2,C = 3,D = 1,E = 4 (4) A = 5, B = 3,C = 2,D = 4, E = 1
6. Match the following with correct combination :
Column I Column II
A Endoplasmic reticulum 1 Stack of cisternae
B Spherosome 2 Store oil or fats
C Dictyosomes 3 Synthesis and storage of lipids
D Peroxisome 4 Photorespiration
E Elaioplasts 5 Detoxification of drugs
Answer codes :
(1) A = 5, B = 3, C = 2, D = 4, E = 1 (2) A = 3, B = 3, C = 1, D = 5, E = 2
(3) A = 3, B = 5, C = 1, D = 4, E = 2 (4) A = 5, B = 3, C = 1, D = 4, E = 2
7. Identify the correct match between types of chromosomes and their descriptions :
Column I Column II
A Metacentric 1 At the tip
B Submetacentric 2 Almost near the tip
C Acrocentric 3 At the middle
D Telocentric 4 Slightly away from the middle
Answer codes :
(1) A = 1,B = 3,C = 2,D = 4 (2) A = 4,B = 3, C = 2 , D = 1
(3) A = 3,B = 4, C = 2,D = 1 (4) A = l , B = 2,C = 3,D = 4
8. Match the following and select the correct answer:
Column I Column II
A Centriole 1 Infoldings in mitochondria
B Chlorophyll 2 Thylakoids
C Cristae 3 Nucleic acids
D Ribozymes 4 Basal body cilia or flagella
Answer codes :
(1) A = 1,B = 3,C = 2,D = 4 (2) A = 4, B = 3, C = 2, D = 1
(3) A = 3, B = 4, C = 2, D = 1 (4) A = 4,B = 2,C = 1,D = 3

VK
BENGALURU, KARNATAKA
Cell: The Unit of Life
9. Match the column I with that of column II and choose the correct combination from the options given:
Column I (Organelle) Column II
A Rough ER 1 Synthesis of glycoprotein
B Smooth ER 2 Aerobic respiration
C Mitochondria 3 Synthesis of lipid
D Golgi apparatus 4 Protein synthesis
Answer codes :
(1) A= 1,B = 2,C = 3,D = 4 (2) A = 2, B = 3, C = 4, D = 1
(3) A = 3, B = 4, C = 2, D = 1 (4) A = 4,B = 3,C = 2,D = 1

[ ASSERTION AND REASON TYPE QUESTIONS ]


The following questions consist of two statements, one labelled as Assertion (1) and the other labelled
the Reason (R). Examine these two statements carefully and select the most appropriate answer
codes.
Answer Code;
(1) Both (1) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (1)
(2) Both (1) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (1).
(3) (1) is true and (R) is false.
(4) Both (1) and (R) false.
10. Assertion (1): The true nucleus is generally absent in E. coli and other prokaryotes.
Reason (R) : An undifferentiated, unorganised fibrillar nucleus without any limiting membrane is
observed in prokaryotic cells.
11. Assertion (1): In plant tissue culture, somatic embryos can be induced from any plant cell.
Reason (R) : Any viable plant cell can differentiate into somatic embryos.
12. Assertion (1) : Prokaryotic genome consists of a single circular DNA molecule.
Reason (R) : Genetic variations do not occur in Prokaryotes.
13. Assertion (1) : Eukaryotic cells have the ability to adopt a variety of shapes and cany out directed
movements.
Reason (R) : There are three principal types of protein filaments-microfilaments, microtubules and
intermediate filaments, which constitute the cytoskeleton.
14. Assertion (1): The number of mitochondria in a cell do not correspond to the function of the cell.
Reason (R): Mitochondria are not common to both plant and animal cells.
15. Assertion (1): A cell membrane shows fluid behaviour.
Reason (R) : A membrane is a mosaic or composite of diverse lipids and proteins.
16. Assertion (1) : Supernumerary chromosomes do not usually have any effect on the phenotype and
hence, are genetically unnecessary.
Reason (R) : In some plants supernumerary chromosomes result in decreased vigour.
17. Assertion (1) : Polytene chromosomes have a high amount of DNA.
Rsasoti (R) : Polytene chromosomes are formed by repeated replication of chromosomal DNA
without separation of chromatids.

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VK
BENGALURU, KARNATAKA
Cell: The Unit of Life
[ MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS ]
18. Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane is called:
(1) osmosis (2) diffusion (3) active transport (4) facilitated diffusion
19. Cellulosic cell wall can specifically be stained by:
(1) Sudan III (2) Acetocarmine (3) Ruthenium red (4) Zinc chlor-iodide
20. What are the sac-like structures of endoplasmic reticulum?
(1) Cristae (2) Tubules (3) Cisternae (4) Thylakoids
21. All the following processes occur in the endoplasmic reticulum except:
(1) urea cycle (2) protein glycosylation
(3) fatty acid elongation (4) fatty acid desaturation
22. If cells are broken up and sedimented by centrifugation, the new structures formed in one of the
fractions is:
(1) lysosomes (2) microsomes (3) centrosomes (4) peroxisomes
23. Dictyosomes are:
(1) Golgi bodies (2) Classes of ribosomes
(3) Respiratory particles (4) Places of flagellar origin
24. Golgi apparatus is specialized for:
(1) energy transduction (2) glycosylation of proteins and lipids
(3) digestion of carbohydrates and proteins (4) conversion of light energy to chemical energy
25. Which of the following enzymes is characteristic of Golgi apparatus?
(1) Acid phosphatase (2) Malate synthetase
(3) Glycosyltransferase (4) Cytochrome oxidase
26. Cytoskeleton of a cell is composed of:
(1) microfilaments
(2) microfilaments and cellulose
(3) cellulose and intermediate filaments
(4) microtubules, intermediate filaments, and microfilaments
27. Which of the following organelles is not a membranous organelle?
(1) ER (2) Lysosome (3) Centrosome (4) Mitochondrion
28. An animal cell was grown in a culture medium containing p32
nucleotides, the parts from which DNA
is built. Later examination of the cell showed the radioactivity to be concentrated in the:
(1) Golgi (2) Nucleus (3) Rough ER (4) Smooth ER
29. How many genomes are present in the skin cell of man?
(1) one (2) two (3) four (4) forty six
30. Humans normally have 46 chromosomes in kidney cells. How many autosomes would be expected
in a brain cell?
(1) 46 (2) 44 (3) 23 (4) 47
31. Lampbrush chromosomes were discovered by:
(1) Riickert (2) Morgan (3) Balbiani (4) McClung
32. The term 'cell' was introduced by:
(1) Robert Hooke (2) Felice Fontana (3) Robert Brown (4) Alfred Wallace
33. Schleiden and Schwann proposed:
(1) phenomenon of Brownian movement (2) protoplasm as a physical basis of life
(3) cell theory or cell doctrine (4) none of the above
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VK
BENGALURU, KARNATAKA
Cell: The Unit of Life
34. 'Omnis cellula e cellula' (all cells from cells). The above statement was given by:
(1) Robert Brown (2) M.J. Schleiden (3) Rudolf Virchow (4) Theodor Schwann
35. Which of the following is common in plant and animal?
(1) Centriole (2) Tonoplast (3) Mitochondria (4) None of these
36. Flagella of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells differ in:
(1) Microtubular organization and function (2) Type of movement and placement in cell
(3) Location in cell and mode of functioning (4) Microtubular organization and type of movement
37. Prokaryotes differ from eukaryotes in lacking:
(1) DNA (2) Histone (3) Both of these (4) None of these
38. The prokaryotic cell does not contain:
(1) ribosome (2) chromosome (3) plasma membrane (4) mitochondrion
39. Which cell organelle is present in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell?
(1) ER (2) Nucleus (3) Ribosome (4) Mitochondrion
40. Which one of the following is common to both prokaryotes and enkaryolcs?
(1) Histories (2) Genetic code (3) Mitochondria (4) Mitotic apparatus
41. Which of the following is seen only in prokaryotic cells?
(1) DNA (2) Ribosome (3) Mesosome (4) Dictyosome
42. The folds of plasma membrane in bacterial cells are known as:
(1) mesosomes (2) spherosomes (3) episomes (4) acrosomes
43. Which of the following groups of algae do not have eukaryotic organization?
(1) Red algae (2) Green algae (3) Blue-green algae (4) Golden-brown algae
44. Consider the following statements.
A. In prokaryotic cells, a special membranous structure formed by the extension of the plasma
membrane into the cell is known as polysome.
B. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum is the major site for synthesis of glycoproteins. RuBisCO is
the most abundant protein in the whole of biosphere,
C. Mitochondria and chloroplasts are not considered as part of endomembrane system.
Of the above statements:
(1) A and B alone are correct (2) B and C alone are correct
(3) A and D alone are correct (4) C and D alone are correct
45. The inherent capacity of a cell to regenerate a new whole organism is called:
(1) ontogeny (2) phylogeny (3) totipotency (4) proliferation
46. Which of the following lacks the protein tubulin?
(1) Cilium (2) Flagellum (3) Microtubules (4) Plasma membrane
47. Two animal cells are interconnected by:
(1) cell wall (2) desmosomes (3) plasmodesmata (4) plasma membrane
48 The latest model for plasma membrane is:
(1) lamellar model (2) fluid mosaic model
(3) unit membrane model (4) molecular lipid model
49. Select the correct statement from the following regarding cell membrane:
(1) Proteins make up 60 to 70% of the cell membrane.
(2) Na+ and K+ ions move across cell membrane by passive transport.
(3) Lipids are arranged in a bilayer with polar heads towards the inner part.
(4) Fluid mosaic model of cell membrane was proposed by Singer and Nicolson.
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VK
BENGALURU, KARNATAKA
Cell: The Unit of Life
50 . In which method of transport in plasma membrane does not require carrier molecule?
(1) Na+ -K+ pump (2) Active transport (3) Simple diffusion (4) Facilitated diffusion
51. Consider the following statements with reference to facilitated transport.
A. Requires ATP energy B. Transport saturates
C. Highly selective D. Requires special membrane properties
E. Uphill transport
Of the above statements:
(1) A, B and C are relevant but D and E are irrelevant
(2) B, C and E are relevant but A and D are irrelevant
(3) C, D and E are relevant but A and B are inelevant
(4) B, C and D are relevant but A and E are irrelevant
52. The membrane which allows passage of certain substances more readily than others is termed as:
(1) permeable (2) impermeable (3) semipermeable (4) selectively permeable
53. Living cells placed in isotonic solution (0.9% saline) retain their size and shape. This is based on the
concept of:
(1) osmosis (2) diffusion (3) transpiration (4) facilitated diffusion
54. Accll is placed in salt solution will:
(1) burst (2) shrink (3) no effect (4) none of these
55. A RBC and a plant cell (with thick cell wall) are placed in distilled water. The solute concentration
is the same in both the cells. What changes would be observed in them?
(1) the plant cell would increase in size and burst while the RBC would remain about the same size.
(2) both plant cell and RBC would decrease in size and collapse.
(3) both plant cell and RBC would not undergo any change.
(4) the RBC would increase in size and burst while the plant cell would remain about the same size.
56. Movement of ions or molecules in a direction opposite to thai of prevailing electrochemical gradient
is known as:
(1) Diffusion (2) Pinocytosis (3) Active transport (4) Brownian movement
57. Active transport:
(1) releases energy (2) requires energy (3) produces energy (4) produces toxic materials
59. Na+/K+ pump is associated with:
(1) passive transport (2) active transport (3) osmosis (4) imbibition
59. Which of the following is not true for active transport?
(1) It is a chemical process.
(2) This process is not modified by enzymes.
(3) Energy is required for this process which is obtained in the form of ATP.
(4) It takes place through special organic molecule called carrier molecules.
60. Which of the following phenomena is commonly referred as 'cell drinking'?
(1) Exocytosis (2) Pinocytosis (3) Endocylosis (4) Phagocytosis
61. Simultaneous movement of two molecules across a membrane in the same direction is known as:
(1) biport (2) uniport (3) antiport (4) symport
62. In higher plants, continuity of cytoplasm from one cell to its neighbouring cells is established through:
(1) symplast (2) apoplast (3) chloroplast (4) leucoplast

VK
BENGALURU, KARNATAKA
Cell: The Unit of Life
63. Which one of the following structures between two adjacent cells is an effective transport pathway ?
(1) Plasmalemma (2) Plasmodesmata (3) Plastoquinones (4) Endoplasmic reticulum
64. The cytoplasm of neighbouring cells is connected with the help of:
(1) primary wall (2) mitochondria (3) middle lamella (4) plasmodesmata
65. The chief component of the middle lamella in plant cell is:
(1) Calcium (2) Potassium (3) Magnesium (4) Phosphorus
66. An interconnecting membranous network of the cell composed of vesicles, flattened sacs and tubules
is :
(1) nucleus (2) lysosome (3) mitochondrion (4) endoplasmic reticulum
67. ER work for the synthesis of:
(1) ATP (2) Protein (3) Photosystem (4) Carbohydrate
68. Rough endoplasmic reticulum differs from smooth walled endoplasmic reticulum by the presence of:
(1) DNA (2) Nucleus (3) Ribosomes (4) Ergastic substance
69. Important site for formation of glycoproteins and glycolipids is:
(1) Lysosome (2) Vacuole (3) Golgi apparatus (4) Plastid
70. The Golgi apparatus:
(1) is found only in animals. (2) is found in prokaryotes.
(3) is a site of rapid ATP production. (4) modifies and packages proteins.
71. Which of the following organelles is called suicidal bag of cell?
(1) Lysosome (2) Mitochondria (3) Peroxisome (4) Glycocalyx
72. A single unit membrane surrounds the organelle:
(1) nucleus (2) lysosome (3) microsome (4) chloroplast
73. Cell organelle containing hydrolytic enzymes is:
(1) ribosome (2) lysosome (3) mesosome (4) microsome
74. Most of the hydrolytic enzymes of lysosome function at:
(1) acidic pH (2) alkaline pH (3) neutral pH (4) both (2) and (3)
75. Lysosomes have acidic environment inside their vesicles due to:
(1) production of carboxylate ions inside it (2) production of phosphate ions inside it
(3) high pH compared to outside (4) none of the above
76. Cell organelle responsible for autolysis:
(1) lysosome (2) dictyosomc (3) p roxisomc (4) glyoxysome
77. Heterophagosome is:
(1) formed by fusion of food containing phagosome with primary lysosome.
(2) a newly pinched out vesicle from Golgi apparatus which fuses with endosome to become fully
functional.
(3) formed by fusion of primary lysosome with degenerating intracellular organelles.
(4) a lysosome in which only indigestible food material is left.
78. Peroxisomes were discovered by:
(1) Rhodin (2) Beevers (3) Dalton and Felix (4) Tolbert and Yamazaki
79. Peroxisomes are associated with:
(1) respiration (2) photosynthesis (3) photorespiration (4) photophosphorylation

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VK
BENGALURU, KARNATAKA
Cell: The Unit of Life
80. One of the most common enzyme found in peroxisome is:
(1) hydrolase (2) catalase (3) dehydrogenase (4) reductase
81. Which of the following organelles is present in plant only?
(1) Ribosome (2) Lysosome (3) Peroxisome (4) Glyoxysome
82. In germinating seeds, fatty acids are degraded exclusively in the
(1) proplastids (2) peroxisomes (3) glyoxysomes (4) mitochondria
83. Which is not true about spherosomes?
(1) Arise from ER (2) Related to fats
(3) Involved in photorespiration (4) Single membrane bound structure
84. Which of the following cell organelle is excluded from endomembrane system?
(1) Mitochondria (2) Vacuoles (3) Lysosomes (4) Golgi complex
85. Vacuole in a plant cell:
(1) lacks membrane and contains air.
(2) lacks membrane and contains water and excretory substances.
(3) is membrane-bound and contains storage proteins and lipids.
(4) is membrane-bound and contains water and excretory substances.
86. Tonoplast is a membrane surrounding the:
(1) cytoplasm (2) vacuole (3) nucleus (4) mitochondria
87. The vacuole in the plant cell contains:
(1) stroma (2) matrix (3) tonoplast (4) cell sap
88. The organelles which occur external to cell membrane but internal to cell wall are:
(1) lomasomes (2) peroxisomes (3) glyoxysomes (4) sphaerosomes
89. The term mitochondria was coined by:
(1) Palade (2) Benda (3) Altman (4) de Duve
90. Cristae are found in which cell organelle?
(1) Nucleus (2) Mitochondrion (3) Chloroplast (4) Endoplasmic reticulum
91. b -oxidation of fatty acids occurs in:
(1) microsomes (2) glyoxysomes (3) mitochondria (4) peroxisomes
92. DNA could be found in:
(1) Lysosomes (2) Endosomes (3) Peroxisomes (4) Mitochondria
93. Mature erythrocytes cannot utilize glucose because they lack:
(1) enzymes (2) nucleus (3) mitochondria (4) Golgi complex
94. Which of the following are most plentiful and best developed in parts of cells where energy-requiring
processes take place?
(1) Lysosomes (2) Ribosomes (3) Mitochondria (4) Endoplasmic reticulum
95. Mitochondria are nonexistent in:
(1) red algae (2) green algae (3) blue-green algae (4) brown algae
96. The stalked elementary particles present in the inner surface of inner membrane of mitochondria are
called:
(1) cristae (2) oxysomes (3) peroxisomes (4) glyoxysomes

VK
BENGALURU, KARNATAKA
Cell: The Unit of Life
97. Consider the following statements with respect to respiration.
A. Glycolysis occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell.
B. Aerobic respiration takes place within the mitochondria.
C. Electron transport system is present in the outer mitochondrial membrane.
D. C51H98O6 is the chemical formula of Tripalmitin, a fatty acid
Volume of O2 evolved
E. Respiratory quotient =
Volume of CO2 consumed
Of the above statements:
(1) A, B and D alone are correct. (2) B, C and D alone are correct.
(3) C, D and E alone are correct. (4) B, D and E alone are correct.
98. Fernandez Morgan particles are seen in:
(1) nucleus (2) centrioles (3) lysosomes (4) mitochondria
99. Identify the membrane across which the proton (H +) gradient facilitates ATP synthesis a typical
eukaryotic cell:
(1) Mitochondrial inner membrane (2) Mitochondrial membrane
(3) Nuclear membrane (4) Plasma membrane
100. Krebs' cycle occurs in:
(1) cytoplasm (2) chloroplast (3) mitochondria (4) both (1) and (2)
101. The site of Krebs' cycle is:
(1) cytoplasm (2) racker's particles
(3) mitochondrial matrix (4) intermembrane space of mitochondria
102. Protein synthesis occurs on:
(1) nucleus (2) ribosome (3) lysosome (4) centrosome
103. The smallest organelles in the cell are:
(1) lysosomes (2) ribosomes (3) microsomes (4) dictyosomes
104. Peptide synthesis inside a cell takes place in:
(1) Ribosomes (2) Chloroplast (3) Mitochondria (4) Chromoplast
105. Subunits in prokaryotic ribosome are:
(1) 60S - 40S (2) 50S - 30S (3) 40S - 30S (4) 50S - 20S
106. What is true about ribosomes?
(1) The prokaryotic ribosomes are 80S, where 'S' stands for sedimentation coefficient.
(2) These are composed of ribonucleic acid and proteins.
(3) These are self-splicing introns of some RNAs.
(4) These are found only in eukaryotic cells.
107. Which one of the following structures is an organelle within an organelle?
(1) Ribosome (2) Peroxisome (3) ER (4) Mesosome
108. Proteins required for functioning of nucleus are formed in:
(1) nucleolus (2) RER (3) cytoplasm (4) mitochondria
109. The term 'chloroplast' was coined by:
(1) Seifriz (2) Rhodin (3) Schimper (4) Park and Pon
110. In chloroplasts, chlorophyll is present in the:
(1) stroma (2) thylakoids (3) outer membrane (4) inner membrane
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VK
BENGALURU, KARNATAKA
Cell: The Unit of Life
111. Quantasomes are found in:
(1) lysosome (2) chloroplast (3) mitochondria (4) endoplasmic reticulum
112. In which organelle the conversion of phosphoglycolate to glycolate takes place, during
photorespiration?
(1) Chloroplast (2) Peroxisome (3) Glyoxysome (4) Mitochondria
113. What is common between chloroplasts, chromoplasts andleucoplasts?
(1) presence of pigments (2) possession of thylakoids and grana
(3) storage of starch, proteins and lipids (4) ability to multiply by a fission-like process
114. Which of the following represents the correct molecular formula of chlorophyll ‘b’?
(1) C55H72O6N4Mg (2) C55H72O5N4Mg (3) C55H70O6N4Mg (4) C55H72O4N4Mg
115. A chlorophyll molecule contains:
(1) Iron (2) Sulphur (3) Calcium (4) Magnesium
116. Which of these is wrongly matched?
(1) Chloroplasts — chlorophyll (2) Elaioplasts — starch
(3) Chronioplasts - carotenoids (4) Amyloplasts — carbohydrates
117. The correct sequence of cell organelles during photorespiration is:
(1) chloroplast, rough endoplasmic reticulum, dictyoso-mes
(2) chloroplast, Golgi-bodies, mitochondria
(3) chloroplast, mitochondria, peroxisome
(4) chloroplast, vacuole, peroxisome
118. Which one of the following cellular parts is correctly described?
(1) Ribosomes : those on chloroplasts are larger (80S) while those in the cytoplasm are smaller (70S)
(2) Lysosomes : optimally active at a pH about 8.5
(3) Thylakoids : flattened membranous sacs forming the grana of chloroplasts
(4) Centrioles : sites for active RNA synthesis
119. From the following, select the statement that is true:
(1) All cells have a cell wall
(2) Animal cells contain microtubules but plant cells do not contain microtubules
(3) The Golgi apparatus is found only in animal cells
(4) Chloroplasts are found in plant cells but not in prokaryotic or animal cells
120. The plane of cell wall formation in a dividing cell is determinedby:
(1) Microtubules (2) Microfilaments (3) Golgi apparatus (4) Endoplasmic reticulum
121. Microtubules are unbranched, hollow, submicroscopic tubules made up of:
(1) actin (2) keratin (3) tubulin (4) dyenin
122. Microtubule depolymerizing drug such as colchicine is expected to:
(1) inhibit cytokinesis. (2) allow mitosis beyond metaphase.
(3) inhibit spindle formation during mitosis. (4) induce formation of multiple contractile rings.
123. Filaments present in flagella/cilia are:
(1) microvilli (2) microfibrils (3) microfilaments (4) microtubules
124. The arrangement of outer and central microtubules in a cilium is called:
(1) 9 + 2 pattern (2) 8 + 2 pattern (3) 9 + 1 pattern (4) 8+1 pattern

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VK
BENGALURU, KARNATAKA
Cell: The Unit of Life
125. Basal bodies are associated with:
(1) cell plate (2) kinetochore (3) phragmoplast (4) cilia and flagella
126. The non-membranous organelles are:
(1) nucleoli (2) centrioles (3) ribosomes (4) all of these
127. Which of the following organelles is not present in plant cells?
(1) centrioles (2) ribosomes (3) peroxisomes (4) mitochondria
128. The crystals of calcium carbonate, which appear like a-bunch of grapes in epidermal cells of the
leaves of some plants are called:
(1) otoliths (2) raphides (3) cystoliths (4) sphaeraphides
129. Nuclear membrane is absent in:
(1) Nostoc (2) Volvox (3) Agaricus (4) Penicillium
130. The RER in the cell synthesised a protein which would be later used in building the plasma
membrane. But it is observed that the protein in the membrane is slightly different from the protein
made in the RER. The protein was probably modified in another cell organelle. Identify that organelle
in the given diagram:

(1) B (2) C (3)D (4) A


131. Nucleolus was discovered by:
(1) Fontana (2) Altmann (3) Schleiden (4) Robert Brown
132. Nucleolus is formed by:
(1) RNA (2) Vesicles of ER (3) SAT chromosome (4) Nuclear membrane
133. Which of the following is associated with nucleolus?
(1) DNA (2) t-RNA (3) r-RNA (4) m-RNA
134. The nucleolus is the site of formation of:
(1) ribosomes (2) peroxisomes (3) chromosomes (4) spindle fibres
135. Ribosomal RNA is actively synthesized in:
(1) lysosomes (2) nucleolus (3) nucleoplasm (4) ribosomes
136. The terminal end of chromosome is termed:
(1) telomere (2) centromere (3) metamere (4) chromomere
137. Which of the following occurs more than one and less than five in a chromosome?
(1) Telomere (2) Chromomere (3) Centromere (4) None of these
138. The telomeres of eukaryotic chromosomes consist of short sequences of:
(1) guanine rich repeats (2) thymine rich repeats
(3) cytosine rich repeats (4) adenine rich repeats
139. Shape of the chromosome is determined by:
(1) telomere (2) centromere (3) centrosome (4) chromomere
140. The scientific term not related to the primary constriction of a chromosome is:
(1) kinomere (2) centromere (3) chromomere (4) kinetochore
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BENGALURU, KARNATAKA
Cell: The Unit of Life
141. The chromosomes apart from the sex chromosomes are called as:
(1) allosomes (2) autosomes (3) heterosomes (4) lampbrush chromosomes
142. Histones are:
(1) mucoproteins (2) glycoproteins (3) basic proteins (4) acidic proteins
143. Which amino acids are present in histones?
(1) Arginine and lysine (2) Lysine and histidine (3) Valine and histidine (4) Arginine and histidine
144. Nucleosome core is made of:
(1) H1, H2A, H2B and H3 (2) H1, H2A, H2B and H4
(3) H1, H2A, H2B, H3 and H\ (4) H2A, H2B, H3 and H4
145. Polytene chromosomes are found in:
(1) oocytes (2) green glands (3) salivary gland (4) none of these
146. Polytene chromosomes were discovered in:
(1) Chironomus (2) Drosophila (3) Neurospora (4) Rattus
147. Which one of the following is the most suitable medium for culture of Drosophila melanogaster ?
(1) Agar agar (2) Cow dung (3) Moist bread (4) Ripe banana
148. The salivary gland chromosomes in the dipteran larvae, are useful in gene mapping because:
(1) these are fused (2) these are easy to stain
(3) these are much longer in size (4) they have endoreduplicated chromosomes
149. The point at which the polytene chromosomes appear to be attached together is known as:
(1) centriole (2) centromere (3) chromocentre (4) chromomere
150. The diagram of the ultrastructure of a plant cell is given below. Identify the functions of the organelle
labelled A, B, C, D, E in the diagram:

(1) A : Intracellular transport, B : Site of oxidative phosphorylation, C : Principle director of macro-


molecular traffic, D : Site of photophosphorylation, E : Storage of cell sap
(2) A : Site of photophosphorylation, B : Storage of cell sap, C : Intracellular transport, D : Site of
oxidative phosphorylation, E : Principle director of macro-molecular traffic
(3) A : Storage of cell sap, B : Site of oxidative phosphorylation, C : Principle director of macro-
molecular traffic, D : Site of photo- phosphorylation, E : Intracellular transport
(4) A : Principle director of macromolecular traffic, B : Site of oxidative phosphorylation, C :
Intracellular transport, D : Site of photophosphorylation, E : Storage of cell sap
151. How many base pairs (bp) are found in the haploid genome of humans?
(1) 7 ´ 109 (2) 3 ´ 109 (3) 4 ´ 108 (4) 2.75 ´ 109
152. Which one of these is not a eukaryote?
(1) Euglena (2) Anabena (3) Spirogyra (4) Agaricus
153. Which of the following features is common to prokaryotes and many eukaryotes?
(1) Cell wall present (2) Chromosomes present
(3) Nuclear membrane present (4) Sub cellular organelles present

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BENGALURU, KARNATAKA
Cell: The Unit of Life
154. Which of the following is not true of a eukaryotic cell?
(1) It has 80S type of ribosome present in the mitochondria
(2) It has 80S type of ribosome present in the cytoplasm
(3) Membrane bound organelles are present
(4) Mitochondria contain circular DNA
155. Different cells have different sizes. Arrange the following cells in an ascending order of their size.
Choose the correct option among the followings:
i. Mycoplasma ii. Ostrich eggs iii. Human RBC iv. Bacteria
Options:
(1) i, iv, iii & ii (2) i, ii, iii & iv (3) ii, i, iii & iv (4) iii, ii, i & iv
156. Who proposed the fluid mosaic model of plasma membrane?
(1) Camillo Golgi (2) Robert Brown
(3) Singer and Nicolson (4) Schleiden and Schwann
157. Which of the following statements is not true for plasma membrane?
(1) Proteins are present integrated as well as loosely associated with the lipid bilayer.
(2) It is present in both plant and animal cell.
(3) Lipid is present as a bilayer in it.
(4) Carbohydrate is never found in it.
158. Which of the following statements is true for a secretory cell?
(1) Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER) is easily observed in the cell.
(2) Only Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER) is present.
(3) Secretory granules are formed in nucleus.
(4) Golgi apparatus is absent.
159. What is a tonoplast?
(1) Membrane boundary of the vacuole of plant cells
(2) Outer membrane of mitochondria
(3) Inner membrane of chloroplast
(4) Cell membrane of a plant cell
160. A common characteristic feature of plant sieve tube cells and most of mammalian erythrocytes is:
(1) Absence of nucleus (2) Presence of cell wall
(3) Presence of haemoglobin (4) Absence of mitochondria
161. The stain used to visualise mitochondria is:
(1) Safranin (2) Fast green (3) Janus green (4) Aceto carmine
162. Select one which is not true for ribosome:
(1) Form polysome (2) Made of two sub units
(3) May attach to m RNA (4) Have no role in protein synthesis
163. Plastid differs from mitochondria on the basis of one of the following features. Mark the right answer:
(1) Presence of two layers of membrane (2) Presence of chlorophyll
(3) Presence of ribosome (4) Presence of DNA
164. Which of the following is not a function of cytoskeleton in a cell?
(1) Maintenance of cell shape and structure (2) Support of the organelle
(3) Intracellular transport (4) Cell motility
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BENGALURU, KARNATAKA
Cell: The Unit of Life
165. Which of the following dyes is best suited for staining chromosomes?
(1) Safranin (2) Carmine (3) Basic Fuchsin (4) Methylene blue
166. Which one of the following organelle in the figure correctly matches with its function?

(1) Golgi apparatus, protein synthesis


(2) Golgi apparatus, formation of glycolipids
(3) Rough endoplasmic reticulum, protein synthesis
(4) Rough endoplasmic reticulum, formation of glycoproteins
167. Which of the following criteria does not pertain to facilitated transport ?
(1) Uphill transport (2) High selectivity
(3) Transport saturation (4) Requirement of special membrane proteins
168. The Golgi complex plays a major role :
(1) as energy transferring organelles
(2) in digesting proteins and carbohydrates
(3) post translational modification of proteins and glycosidation of lipids
(4) in trapping the light and transforming it into chemical energy
169. A major site for synthesis of lipids is :
(1) SER (2) RER (3) Symplast (4) Nucleoplasm
170. Lysosomes are produced by:
(1) Leucoplasts (2) Golgi complex (3) Mitochondria (4) Endoplasmic reticulum
171. Plasmodesmata are usually observed between:
(1) sieve tubes and bast fibres (2) trachea and phloem fibres
(3) sieve tubes and companion cells (4) xylem parenchyma and xylem fibres
172. The fluid mosaic model of cell membrane was given by:
(1) S. S. Singer and J. L. Nicolson (2) S. J. Singer and H. L. Nicolson
(3) S. S. Singer and G. L. Nicolson (4) S. J. Singer and G. L. Nicolson
173. The movement of cilia and flagella is due to the presence of:
(1) dyneins (2) radial spokes (3) central sheath (4) singlet microtubules
174. Quantasomes occur on the surface of:
(1) cristae (2) thylakoids (3) plasmalemma (4) nuclear envelope
175. Where does the synthesis of ATP in mitochondria take place?
(1) In matrix (2) In intercristal space (3) Upon cristae (4) At outer membrane
176. The osmotic expansion of a cell kept in water is chiefly regulated by:
(1) Plastids (2) Vacuoles (3) Ribosomes (4) Mitochondria

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BENGALURU, KARNATAKA
Cell: The Unit of Life
177. The solid linear cytoskeletal elements having a diameter of 6 nm and made up of a single type of
monomer are known as:
(1) Lamins (2) Microtubules (3) Microfilaments (4) Intermediate filaments
178. Choose the matched ones.
(1) Vibrio Rod-like bacteria
(2) Mesosome Helps in cell wall formation
(3) Smooth endoplasmic Synthesis of lipids reticulum
(4) Vacuoles Rich in hydrolytic enzymes
(1) (2) and (3) only (2) (1) and (4) only
(3) (1), (2) and (3) only (4) (2) and (4) only
179. Which of these organelles does not contain ribosomes?
I. Rough endoplasmic reticulum II. Chloroplast
III. Golgi apparatus IV. Mitochondria
(1) I and II only (2) I and IV only (3) IV only (4) III only
180. Which of these is/are not a property of facilitated transport?
A. Requires special membrane proteins B. Highly selective
C. Uphill transport D. Requires ATP energy
(1) A and B only (2) C and D only (3) A and C only (4) B and C only
181. Axoneme is a structure associated with:
(1) Only cilia (2) Golgi bodies (3) Only flagella (4) Both cilia and flagella
182. Rough endoplasmic reticulum is actively involved in:
(1) lipid synthesis (2) protein synthesis (3) hormone synthesis (4) carbohydrate synthesis
183. Perinuclear space is presen t in:
(1) Nucleus (2) Cytoplasm
(3) Golgi apparatus (4) ER (Endoplasmic reticulum)
184. Acetylation of pyruvate takes place in the .
(1) cristae (2) Fj particles
(3) perimitochondrial space (4) mitochondrial matrix
185. Which of the following store proteins?
(1) Elaioplasts (2) Aleuroplasts (3) Amyloplasts (4) Chromoplasts
186. In which of the following expenditure of energy is required?
(1) Osmosis (2) Diffusion (3) Active transport (4) Passive transport
187. The primary cell wall is mainly made up of:
(1) lignin (2) pectin (3) cellulose (4) protein
188. The correct sequence of organelles in which glycolate and glyoxylate are produced sequentially in
photorespiration is:
(1) peroxisome and chloroplast (2) chloroplast and peroxisome
(3) chloroplast and mitochondria (4) peroxisome and mitochondria
189. The principal function of Golgi apparatus is:
(1) producing enzymes (2) protein synthesis (3) synthesis of lipids (4) packaging materials
190. When the concentration of the solutes is low in plant cell, absorption of water is:
(1) normal (2) absent (3) retarded (4) increased

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BENGALURU, KARNATAKA
Cell: The Unit of Life
191. In which cell organelle the genome system is autonomous?
(1) Mitochondria and chloroplasts (2) Mitochondria and ribosomes
(3) Ribosomes and chloroplasts (4) Golgi bodies and ribosomes
192. The type of transport taking across the biomembranes without the help of proteins is:
(1) active transport (2) simple diffusion
(3) facilitated diffusion (4) diffusion via symport
193. 70 S ribosomes occurs in:
(1) bacteria (2) mitochondria (3) chloroplasts (4) all of these
194. Mitochondrial porins are located in:
(1) the outer membrane (2) the inner membrane
(3) inter-membrane space (4) both outer and inner membranes
195. The structures that are formed by stacking of organized flattened membranous sacs in the chloroplasts
are:
(1) Cristae (2) Grana (3) Stroma lamellae (4) Stroma
196. Select the correct matching in the following pairs:
(1) Smooth ER - Synthesis of lipids (2) Rough ER - Synthesis of glycogen
(3) Rough ER - Oxidation of fatty acids (4) Smooth ER - Oxidation of phospholipids
197. True nucleus is absent in:
(1) Mucor (2) Volvox (3) Vaucheria (4) Anabaena
198. Which one of the following is not an inclusion body found in prokaryotes?
(1) Polysome (2) Phosphate granule (3) Glycogen granule (4) Cyanophycean granule
199. Nuclear envelope is a derivative of:
(1) Microtubules (2) Membrane of Golgi complex
(3) Rough endoplasmic reticulum (4) Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
200. Cytochromes are found in:
(1) Outer wall of mitochondria (2) Cristae of mitochondria
(3) Matrix of mitochondria (4) Lysosomes
201. (i) They help in respiration.
(ii) They help in cell wall formation.
(iii) They help in DNA replication.
(iv) They increase surface area of plasma membrane. Which of the following prokaryotic structures
has all the above roles?
(1) Chromosome (2) Ribosome (3) Mesosome (4) Lysosome
202. Which of the following statements about plasmolysis is/are true?
I. Plasmolysis occurs when water moves into the cell.
II. Cells shrink in hypotonic solutions.
III. If the external solution balances the osmotic pressure of the cytoplasm, it is said to be isotonic.
(1) I only (2) II only (3) III only (4) I and II only
203. FAD is electron acceptor in the citric acid cycle during the oxidation of:
(1) succinic acid to malic acid (2) oxaloacetic acid to citric acid
(3) malic acid to oxaloacetic acid (4) citric acid to oc-ketoglutaric acid
204. TCA cycle enzymes are located in:
(1) cristae (2) outer membrane
(3) mitochondrial matrix (4) mitochondrial intermembrane space
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BENGALURU, KARNATAKA
Cell: The Unit of Life
205. The apoplast is located:
(1) in the entire cytosol (2) in the plastidial content
(3) outside the plasma membrane (4) on both sides of plasma membrane
206. ATP synthesis in cell requires:
(1) H+ gradient across the membrane (2) K+ gradient across the membrane
(3) PO34- gradient across the membrane (4) Ca2+ gradient across the membrane
207. The eukaryotic cells have all of the followings except:
(1) the 80S ribosome (2) nuclear membrane
(3) mitochondria cellulose mainly (4) peptidoglycan in the cell wall
208. Which one of the followings is correct for the transmembrane proteins in lipid bilayer ?
(1) They act as channel proteins. (2) They are absent in plant cells.
(3) They are absent in animal cells. (4) They are only externally located.
209. Engulfing of solid materials by cells is called:
(1) autolysis (2) pinocytosis (3) phagocytosis (4) active transport
210. Peroxisomes have:
(1) DNA (2) Ribosome (3) Centrosome (4) Catalase enzyme
211. Two-membrane envelope is found in:
(1) nucleus, Golgi apparatus and endoplasmic reticulum
(2) mitochondria, Golgi apparatus and chloroplast
(3) mitochondria, nucleus and chloroplast
(4) nucleus, ribosome and chloroplast
212. Mitochondria and chloroplast are :
A. semi-autonomous organelles.
B. formed by division of pre-existing organelles and they contain DNA but lack protein synthesizing
machinery.
Which one of the following options is correct?
(1) A is true but B is false. (2) Both A and B are false.
(3) Both A and B are correct. (4) B is true but A is false.
213. Water soluble pigments found inplant cell vacuoles are:
(1) Carotenoids (2) Xanthophylls (3) Chlorophylls (4) Anthocyanins
214. Microtubules are the constituents of:
(1) Cilia, Flagella and Peroxisomes (2) Spindle fibres, Centrioles and Cilia
(3) Centrioles, Spindle fibres and Chromatin (4) Centrosome, Nucleosome and Centrioles
216. Which one of the following cell organelles is enclosed by a single membrane?
(1) Nuclei (2) Lysosomes (3) Chloroplasts (4) Mitochondria
216. Select the mismatch:
(1) Protists - Eukaryotes
(2) Methanogens - Prokaryotes
(3) Gas vacuoles - Green bacteria
(4) Large central vacoules - Animal cells
217. A cell organelle containing hydrolytic enzymes is:
(1) Ribosome (2) Mesosome (3) Lysosome (4) Microsome

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BENGALURU, KARNATAKA
Cell: The Unit of Life

Answer Key
Q. No: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Ans: 1 2 4 3 2 4 3 4 4 1 1 3 1 4 1 2 1 1 4 3
Q. No: 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Ans: 1 2 1 2 3 4 3 2 2 2 1 1 3 3 3 4 2 2 3 2
Q. No: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Ans: 3 1 3 4 3 4 2 2 4 3 4 4 1 2 4 3 2 2 1 2
Q. No: 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80
Ans: 4 1 2 4 1 4 2 3 3 4 1 2 2 1 4 1 1 4 3 2
Q. No: 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100
Ans: 4 3 3 1 4 2 4 1 2 2 3 4 3 3 3 2 1 4 1 3
Q. No: 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120
Ans: 3 2 2 1 2 2 1 3 3 2 2 1 4 3 4 2 3 3 4 1
Q. No: 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140
Ans: 3 3 4 1 4 4 1 3 1 3 1 3 3 1 2 1 1 1 2 3
Q. No: 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160
Ans: 2 3 1 4 3 1 4 4 3 4 4 2 1 1 1 3 4 1 1 4
Q. No: 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180
Ans: 3 4 2 3 2 3 1 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 2 3 1 4 2
Q. No: 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200
Ans: 4 2 1 4 2 3 3 2 4 3 1 2 4 1 2 1 4 1 3 2
Q. No: 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217
Ans: 3 3 1 3 3 1 4 1 3 4 3 1 4 2 2 4 3

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