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1.Health Sector Reform Agenda (HSRA) is the overriding Act No 2156 is also known as the Fajardo Act.

ardo Act. Jones Law


goal of the DOH. The reform is established because is also known as the Philippine Autonomy Act. Act No.
although there has been a significant improvement in 2468 is the Philippine Health service. Rural Health Law is
the health status of the Filipinos negative conditions are EO 102.
still seen among the population which does not include: 4. An indispensible and essential equipment of a public
Slowing down in the reduction in the Infant Mortality Rate health nurse during her home visit is:
(IMR)
Black umbrella
Increase reduction of Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) Bag technique
Rising Burden from chronic diseases Public health bag
Thermometer
Unattended emerging health risks from environmental and
work related factors Question 4 Explanation:
Question 1 Explanation: A public health bag is an indispensible and essential
If there is an increase in the reduction of maternal equipment of a public health nurse which she has to
mortality no health reform is needed because the carry along during her home visits
mortality rates are decreasing at a faster phase, thus, B 5. The neighbor of Family Alonzo has been grieving due
is the correct answer. A, C, and D are all negative to the death of their mother from pregnancy
statements in response to health among Filipinos that’s complications. Nurse Diane understands that this event
why a reform is needed. is a:
2. Nurse Diane influenced the Sangguniang Bayan to
ban smoking in public areas to minimize if not prevent Health deficit
the exposure of population to smoking. She is Foreseeable crisis
performing her role as: Health threat
Health problem
Educator
Trainer Question 5 Explanation:
Advocate Foreseeable crises are stressful events such as death or
Researcher illness of a family member. Health deficits are gaps
between actual and achievable health status such as no
Question 2 Explanation: regular checkup and history of repeated infections. A
Using her skills to create a supportive environment health threat is a condition that promotes disease or
through policies and devising ways to make the injury and prevents the people from realizing their
environment clean for a healthier population is health potential. Examples include, lack of
demonstrating advocacy. immunization and inappropriate role assumption. A
3. Act No. 2156 which consolidated the municipalities health problem is a situation in which there is a
into sanitary divisions and established the health fund demonstrated health need combined with actual or
for travel and salaries is known as: potential resources to apply remedial measures.
6. The DOH’s specific role in the health sector. Serving
Fajardo Act as an advocate in the adoption of health policies, plans
Jones Law and programs to address the national and sectoral
Philippine Health Service concerns is an example of which role?
Rural Health Law

Question 3 Explanation:
all the MDGs are health or health related. Thus, B is the
enabling and building capacity correct answer.
administrator of specific services 9. Which law mandates the DOH to provide assistance
leadership in health to LGUs, people’s organization and other members of
all of the above civic society in effectively implementing programs,
projects and services in the promotion of health?
Question 6 Explanation:
A, B, C are the roles of the DOH as the national E.O. 288
authority. However, serving as an advocate in the E.O. 102
adoption of health policies, plans and programs to R.A. 1082
address the national and sectoral concerns is an R.A. 7160
example of a leadership role thus, C is the best choice.
7. The Philippine Health Care Delivery System has two Question 9 Explanation:
sectors. The public sector is further divided into two It is also known as the Rural Health Law. EO 288 is a
categories, national and local. On the items given select reorganization act that created 8 regional health offices.
all the agencies that belong to the national health E.O. 102 is the “Redirecting the functions and
system. A. Philippine General Hospital B. Rural health operations of the DOH” signed by President Joseph
unit C. District hospitals D. regional hospital E. medical Estrada on May 24, 1999. RA 7160 is the Local
center F. Barangay health station G. Provincial hospital Government Code.
10. One of the areas where a Public Health Nurse
A, C, E, F functions is disease surveillance. What is disease
D, E, F, G surveillance?
B, C, D, G A continuous collection and analysis of data of cases and
A, C, D, E death.

Question 7 Explanation: An on-going interpersonal process in which the nurses and


At the national level, the DOH is mandated as the lad the clients are viewed as a system.
agency. Under this health system is the specialty, A declaration of purpose or intent that gives essential
regional and medical hospitals. Philippine General direction to an action.
Hospital is also part of this sector.
8. Which of the following Millennium Development An estimate of the degree to which a family, group or
Goals (MDGs) is not health related? community is achieving the level of health possible for them.
Question 10 Explanation:
Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other disease A- A continuous collection and analysis of data of cases
Achieve universal primary education and death – Disease Surveillance B- An on-going
Reduce child mortality interpersonal process in which the nurses and the
Ensure environmental sustainability clients are viewed as a system. – Nursing Process
definition C- A declaration of purpose or intent that
Question 8 Explanation: gives essential direction to an action. – Goal setting D-
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are:  An estimate of the degree to which a family, group or
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger  Achieve community is achieving the level of health possible for
universal primary education  Promte gender equality them. – assessment
and empower women  Reduce child mortality  11. Which item demonstrates the correct steps in bag
Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other disease  Ensure technique:
environmental sustainability  Develop a global Place bag on table, wash hands, wear apron, close the bag,
partnership for development Except for goals 2 and 3, perform nursing care and treatment
Place bag on table, wear apron, wash hands, put out needed
Health problem
articles, close the bag
Question 13 Explanation:
Wash hands, place bag on table, wear apron, put out needed
A health threat is a condition that promotes disease or
articles, nursing care
injury and prevents the people from realizing their
Place bag on table, wash hands, wear apron, put out neededhealth potential. Examples include, lack of
articles, close the bag, nursing care immunization and inappropriate role assumption.
Question 11 Explanation: Health deficits are gaps between actual and achievable
The nurse places the bag first on the table then asks for health status such as no regular checkup and history of
a basin of water for hand washing. The apron is then repeated infections. Foreseeable crises are stressful
worn and the needed items are placed in a specific area. events such as death or illness of a family member. A
Before the nursing care and treatment is done, the bag health problem is a situation in which there is a
should be closed first. demonstrated health need combined with actual or
12. potential resources to apply remedial measures.
14The core business of the public health includes which
The youngest sibling of Family Alonzo was coughing and of the following?
upon assessment has a fever. The mother told Nurse
Diane that the child has had two incidents of Health protection
pneumonia within the year. This is a: Epidemiological surveillance
Research
Health deficit Health situation analysis
Foreseeable crisis
Health threat Question 14 Explanation:
Health problem The core businesses of public health are disease control,
injury prevention, health protection, health public
Question 12 Explanation: policy and health promotion. B, C, and D are essential
Health deficits are gaps between actual and achievable functions of Public Health.
health status such as no regular checkup and history of 15 The DOH espoused an Inter Local Health system to
repeated infections. A health threat is a condition that ensure quality of health care service at the local level. It
promotes disease or injury and prevents the people is a system where individuals, communities and all
from realizing their health potential. Examples include, other health care providers in a specific geographical
lack of immunization and inappropriate role area participate together in providing quality equitable
assumption. Foreseeable crises are stressful events such and accessible health. An Inter Local Health Zone (ILHZ)
as death or illness of a family member. A health is a clustered municipality and is comprised of:
problem is a situation in which there is a demonstrated
DOH and private sectors
health need combined with actual or potential
resources to apply remedial measures Secondary level facilities only
13. During one of Nurse Dianne’s home visit to Family
Central referral hospital and primary level facilities
Alonzo, she learned that the client’s first child lacks
immunization. This situation is a: DOH and secondary level facilities
Health deficit Question 15 Explanation:
In an Inter Local Health system (ILHS) the municipalities
Foreseeable crisis
are clustered into Inter Local Health Zone (ILHZ). Each
Health threat ILHZ has a defined population in a specific geographical
area and is comprised of a central referral hospital and
a number of primary level facilities (RHUs and barangay Observation of health-related behaviors of individuals and
health stations). family groups
Question 18Explanation:
Developing an operational plan is part of the planning
16. A law that was the key in creating the first 81 rural
phase not the data collection phase.
health units is:
19. The World Health Organization defines public
E.O. 288 health as:
E.O. 102 Science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life,
promoting health and efficiency through organized
R.A. 1082
community effort for the sanitation of the environment.
R.A. 7160
The art of applying science in the context of politics so as to
Question 16 Explanation: reduce inequalities in health while ensuring the best health
It is also known as the Rural Health Law. EO 288 is a for the greatest number.
reorganization act that created 8 regional health offices.
E.O. 102 is the “Redirecting the functions and A state of complete physical, mental and social well being
operations of the DOH” signed by President Joseph and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Estrada on May 24, 1999. RA 7160 is the Local d. A service rendered by a professional nurse with
Government Code. communities, groups, families, individuals at home, in health
17. The core business of the public health cannot be centers, clinics, schools, places of work for promotion of
achieved without the proper delivery of essential health, prevention of illness and care of the sick at home and
functions. In the implementation of these functions the rehabilitation.
following are implemented apart from:
Question 19 Explanation:
Government implementation of all functions A. Science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life,
Implementation through governmental and non- promoting health and efficiency through organized
governmental organizations community effort for the sanitation of the environment.
– definition of Public Health by Dr. C.E. Winslow B. The
Private sectors can also implement the said function art of applying science in the context of politics so as to
Coordination of public health system through different reduce inequalities in health while ensuring the best
infrastructures health for the greatest number. – by WHO C. A state of
complete physical, mental and social well being and not
Question 17 Explanation:
merely the absence of disease or infirmity. – definition
For the essential functions to be adequately delivered,
of health by WHO D. A service rendered by a
implementations may be achieved through other
professional nurse with communities, groups, families,
governmental agencies and non-governmental
individuals at home, in health centers, clinics, schools,
organizations or private sectors. Governments do not
places of work for promotion of health, prevention of
necessarily have to implement or finance these
illness and care of the sick at home and rehabilitation. –
functions themselves
definition of community health nursing by Ruth
18.In the collection of data various methods are
Freeman
employed by a public health nurse. Which is not
20. What is the primary reason or rationale of
included in these methods?
performing bag technique?
Community surveys
To minimize if not prevent the spread of infection.
Individual and family health records
To save time and effort in the performance of nursing
Developing an operational plan procedures.
To promote ease and dexterity in implementing procedures. Greet the patient and introduce self, perform bag technique
state purpose of visit, perform nursing care, make an
To render effective nursing care to the client.
appointment for a return visit, document data
Question 20Explanation:
All of the given items in the options are goals in Greet the patient and introduce self, perform nursing care,
performing a bag technique however, the most document data, perform bag technique, make an
important rationale of utilizing the bag technique is to appointment for a return visit, document data
prevent the spread of infection. Greet the patient and introduce self, state purpose of visit,
21.During what phase of nursing process do data perform bag technique, perform nursing care, document
analysis and interpretation is done and mutual trust and data and make an appointment for a return visit
confidence is developed?
Question 23 Explanation:
Assessment Greet the patient and introduce self, state purpose of
Planning nursing action visit, perform bag technique, perform nursing care,
document data and make an appointment for a return
Implementation of planned care visit.
Evaluation of care and services rendered 24. The Philippine Heart Center is under what level of
health care?
Question 21 Explanation:
Assessment phase involves data collection, initiation of Primary
contact, analyzing and interpreting data. Mutual trust Secondary
and confidence is important in this step to obtain the
needed data. Tertiary
22.The following is a part of intrinsic factor that may B and C
cause a disease to occur:
Question 24 Explanation:
Climate Tertiary level of care is rendered by specialists in health
Flora facilities. Secondary levels are providing care given by
physicians with basic health training. A primary level of
Occupation care is devolved to the cities and the municipalities
Food handling where the health care provided is given by center
physicians, PHN’s, rural health midwives and barangay
Question 22 Explanation:
health workers.
Intrinsic factors are inherent and basic influences that
25.The epidemiologic triangle consists of three
can cause en exposure, susceptibility or response to
components which are the following except:
agents. Included in these factors are genetic, age, sex,
ethnic group, physiologic, immunologic, inter-current Host
disease, human behavior (E.g. food handling, personal Mode of transmission
hygiene). Extrinsic factors are environmental factors
such as physical environment (climate), biologic Agent
environment (flora), and socio-economic environment Environment
(occupation).
Question 24 Explanation:
The epidemiologic triangle consists of three
23. Which of the following shows the correct sequence
components – host, environment and agent. The model
of steps in a home visit?
implies that each must be analyzed and understood for
Greet the patient and introduce self, state purpose of visit, comprehensions and prediction of patterns of disease.
perform bag technique, perform nursing care, make an
appointment for a return visit, document data