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NUMBER SYSTEM

1 NUMBER SYSTEM
Divisible numbers/composite numbers : The whole
Importance : Being a basic concept of mathematics :
numbers which are divisible by numbers other than itself
1 and 2 questions on number system are regularly asked
and 1 are called divisible numbers or we can say the
in different competitive exams. Its knowledge is also
numbers which are not prime numbers are composite or
essential to solve other questions.
divisible numbers. As, 4, 6, 9, 15, ........
Scope of questions : Different type of questions like
Note : 1 is neither Prime number nor composite
based on fractions, even/odd/whole/divisible/prime/
number. Composite numbers may be even or odd.
coprime/rational/irrational/numbers and related to
divisibility, order, ascending, descending, addition, Rational Numbers : The numbers which can be
multiplication, inverse numbers may be asked. p
Way to success : These questions are solved by expressed in the form of q where p and q are integers and
different methods. Maximum practice and rechecking is
the way to success for this chapter. coprime and q ¹0 are called rational numbers. It is
Natural Numbers : Set of counting numbers is callled denoted by Q. These may be positive, or negative.
natural numbers. It is denoted by N. where,
4 5 1
N = {1, 2, 3, ......¥} e.g. , , - etc are rational numbers.
5 1 2
Even Numbers : The set of all natural numbers which
are divisible by 2 are called even numbers. It is denoted by E. Irrational Numbers : The numbers which are not
Where, E = {2, 4, 6, 8, 10, ......¥} rational numbers, are called irrational numbers. Such as
Odd Numbers : The set of all natural numbers which 2 = 1.414213562..........
are not divisible by 2 are called odd numbers. In other
p = 3.141592653 ...........
words, the natural numbers which are not even numbers,
are odd numbers. i.e., Real Numbers: Set of all rational numbers as well as
irrational numbers is called Real numbers. The square of
O = {1, 3, 5, 7, ........¥}
all of them is positive.
Whole Numbers : When zero is included in the set of
Cyclic Numbers : Cyclic numbers are those numbers
natural numbers, then it forms set of whole numbers. It is
of n digits which when multiplied by any other number
denoted by W. where,
upto n gives same digits in a different order. They are in
W = {0, 1, 2, 3, .....¥} the same line. As 142857
Integers : When in the set of whole numbers, natural 2 × 142857 = 285714 : 3 × 142857 = 428571
numbers with negative sign are included, then it becomes 4 × 142857 = 571428 : 5 × 142857 = 714285
set of integers. It is denoted by I or Z.
Perfect Numbers : If the sum of all divisors of a number
I : [– ¥, ............................... –4, –3, –2, –1, 0, 1, 2, 3, N (except N) is equal to the number N itself then the number
4, ..........¥] is called perfect number. Such as, 6, 28, 496. 8128 etc.
Integers can further be classified into negative or The factor of 6 are 1, 2 and 3
positive Integers. Negative Integers are denoted by Z– and Since, 6 : 1 + 2 + 3 = 6
positive Integers are denoted by Z+. 28 : 1 + 2 + 4 + 7 + 14 = 28
Z– = {– ¥, ................... –3, – 2, –1} and 496 : 1 + 2 + 4 + 8 + 16 + 31 + 62 + 124 + 248 = 496
Z+ = {1, 2, 3, ................ ¥} 8128 : 1 + 2 + 4 + 8 + 16 + 32 + 64 + 127 + 254 + 508
Further 0 is neither negative nor positive integer. + 1016 + 2032 + 4064 = 8128. etc.
Prime Numbers: The natural numbers which have no Note : In a perfect number, the sum of inverse of all of
factors other than 1 and itself are called prime numbers. its factors including itself is 2 always.
Note that, (i) In other words they can be divided only e.g. Factors of 28 are 1,2,4,7,14 are
by themselves or 1 only. As, 2, 3, 5, 7, 11 etc.
(ii) All prime numbers other than 2 are odd numbers 1 1 1 1 1 1 56
= + + + + + = =2
but all odd numbers are not prime numbers. 1 2 4 7 14 28 28
2 is the only one even Prime number. Complex Numbers : Z = a + ib is called complex
Co-Prime Numbers : Two numbers which have no
common factor except 1, are called Co–Prime numbers. number, where a and b are real numbers, b ¹ 0 and i = -1 .
Such as, 9 and 16, 4 and 17, 80 and 81 etc. Such as, -2 , -3 etc.
It is not necessary that two co–prime numbers are
prime always. They may or may not be prime numbers. So, a + ib or 4 + 5i are complex numbers.

SME–21
NUMBER SYSTEM

Number Tree

Real Numbers (R) Imaginary Numbers (i)

e - 1, - 2 j
Rational Numbers (Q) Irrational Numbers Complex
Numbers
e 2 ,- 3 j (a + ib)

Integers (I) Fractional Numbers

GH 32 , 85 JK
Negative Integers (Z) Positive Zero (0)
(–1,–2) Integers

Natural Numbers (N) Whole Numbers (W)


(1, 2, 3, ...) (0, 1, 2, 3, ...)

Prime Numbers Composite Numbers Even Numbers Odd Numbers


(2, 5, 7, ...) (4, 6, 15, 16, ...) (2, 4, ...) (1, 3, 5, ...)

Additive Identity : If a + 0 = a, then 0 (zero) is called (h) Whole numbers and natural numbers can never be
additive identity. negative.
Additive Inverse : If a + (–a) = 0, so ‘a’ and ‘–a’ are (i) Natural (including Prime, Composite, even or odd)
called additive inverse to each other. As, 2 + (–2) = 0 numbers and whole numbers are never negative.
Additive inverse of 2 is –2. (j) Fractions are rational.
Multiplicative Identity : If a × 1 = a. then 1 is called (k) All prime numbers except 2 are odd.
multiplicative identity. e.g. 3 × 1 = 3 etc. (l) 0 is neither negative nor positive number.
Multiplicative Inverse : If a × b = 1. then we can say (m) If a is any number then, if a divides zero, result will
that a and b are multiplicative invverse of each other. As be zero. If 0 divides a, then result will be infinite or
not defined or undetermined i.e.
1
2´ =1 0 a
2 = 0 but = ¥ (infinite)
a 0
1 where a is real number.
So, multiplicative inverse of 2 is
2 0
(n) Dividing 0 by any number gives zero e.g. =0
SOME IMPORTANT POINTS ON NUMBERS a
(o) The place or position of a digit in a number is called
(a) 2 is the only even prime number.
its place value such as
(b) Number 1 is neither divisible nor prime.
Place value of 2 in 5283 is 200.
(c) Two consecutive odd prime numbers are called prime (p) The real value of any digit in a certain number is called
pair. its face value. As, face value of 2 in 5283 is 2.
(d) All natural numbers are whole, rational, integer and (q) The sum and the product of two rational numbers is
real. always a rational number.
(e) All whole numbers are rational Integer and real. (r) The product or the sum of a rational number and
(f) All whole numbers are rational and real. irrational number is always an irrational number.
(g) All whole numbers, rational and irrational numbers (s) p is an irrational number.
are real.

SME–22
NUMBER SYSTEM
(t) There can be infinite number of rational or irrational
numbers between two rational numbers or two x xy
As, 0.x = and 0.xy =
irrational numbers. 10 100
(u) Decimal indication of an irrational number is infinite
(y) If decimal recurring numbers 0.x and 0. xy are given,
coming. as - 3 , 2
p
(v) The square of an even number is even and the square then they can be expressed in the form of q As 0. x
of an odd number is odd.
DECIMAL x xy
= and 0. xy =
(w) The decimal representation of a rational number is 9 99
3 (z) The recurring decimal numbers of type 0.x or
either finite or infinite recurring e.g. = = 0.75
4
p
11 0. xyz may be converted to rational form as q follows.
(finite), = 3.666 ..... (infinite recurring)
3
(x) If decimal number 0, x and 0. xy are given, then they xy - x xyz - x
0. xy = and 0. xyz =
p 90 990
can be expressed in the form of q

DIVISIBILITY
Importance : Divisibility questions, if not asked 7. Divisibility by 8 : If in any number last three digits are
directly, still its knowledge is very essential to solve divisible by 8, then whole number is divisible by 8, such as,
different questions in simplications. 247864 since 864 is divisible by 8.
Scope of questions : The study of this concept is So, 247864 is divisible by 8.
very useful to increase speed in simplication and number Similarly, 289000 is divisible by 8.
system. 8. Divisibility by 9 : If the sum of all digits of a number
Way to success : The knowledge of divisibility rules is divisible by 9, then that whole number will be divisible
(of ,2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 ) and of osculaters for 7, 11, 13 etc by 9. As, 243243 : 2 + 4 + 3 + 2 + 4 + 3 = 18 is divisible by 9.
& mental calcul ations increase o ur (speed) time So, 243243 is divisible by 9.
management and accuracy. 9. Divisibility by 10 : The number whose last digit is
Basic Formulae of Divisibility from 2 to 19: ‘0’, is divisible by 10, such as, 10, 20, 200, 300 etc.
1. Divisibility by 2 : If the last digit of a number is 0 10. Divisibility by 11 : If the difference between “Sum
or an even number then that number is diviisible by 2. of digits at even place” and “Sum of digits at odd place” is
Such as, 242, 540 etc. divisible by 11, then the whole number is divisible by 11
2. Divisibility by 3 : If the sum of all digits of a number such as,
is divisible by 3, then that number will be divisible by 3.
9174
Such as.
432 : 4 + 3 + 2 = 9 which is divisible by 3. +
+
So, 432 is divisible by 3. 5
3. Divisibility by 4 : If in any number last two digits 16
are divisible by 4, then whole number will be divisible by \ (9 + 7) – (4 + 1) = 16 – 5 = 11 is divisible by 11.
4. Such as, So, 9174 will be divisible by 11.
48424. In this number 24 is divisible by 4. So, 48424 11. Divisibility by 12 : If a number is divisible by 3
will be divisible by 4. and 4 both. Then the number is divisible by 12. Such as,
4. Divisibility by 5 : If last digit of a number is 5 or 0, 19044 etc.
then that number is divisible by 5. Such as 200, 225 etc. 12. Divisibility by 13 : For 13 we use osculator 4,
5. Divisibility by 6 : If a number is divisible by both but our osculator is not negative here. It is one-more
2 and 3, then that number is divisible by 6 also, such as osculator (4).
216, 25614 etc. 143 : 14 + 3 × 4 = 26
6. Divisibility by 7 : Here concept of osculator should and 26 is divisible by 13, So, 143 is divisible by 13.
be applied. The meaning of negative osculator is – there Similarly for 325 : 32 + 5 × 4 = 52
increases or decreases 1 from the factor of 10 of the number.
52 is divisible by 13
As, 21 : 2 × 10 + 1 = 21
Hence, 325 will also be divisible by 13.
49 : 5 × 10 – 1 = 50 – 1 = 49
13. Divisibility by 14 : If a number is divisible by 2
To check the divisibility of 7, we use osculator ‘2’, as ,
and 7 both then that number is divisible by 14 i.e. number
112 : 11 – 2 × 2 = 7 which is divisible by 7
is even and osculator 2 is applicable.
Again,
14. Divisibility by 15 : If a number is divisible by 3
343 : 34 – 2 × 3 = 28 which is divisible by 7. Then 343
and 5 both, then that number is divisible by 15.
will be divisible by 7.

SME–23
NUMBER SYSTEM
15. Divisibility by 16 : If last 4 digits of a number are and b = 82 – 28 = 54 is given then
divisible by 16, then whole number is divisible by 16. Such
11 ´ 10 + 54 164
as 341920. original number = = = 82
16. Divisibility by 17 : For 17, there is a negative 2 2
‘osculator 5’. This process is same as the process of 7. As. Rule 2 : If the sum of digits of two digit number is ‘a’
1904 : 190 – 5 × 4 = 170. and if the digits of the number are reveresed, such that
Q 170 is divisible by 17. So 1904 will be divisible by 17. number increases by ‘b’, then,
17. Divisibility by 18 : If a number is divisible by 2 11 a - b
and 9 both, then that number is divisible by 18. Original Number =
18. Divisibility by 19 : For 19, there is one–more 2
(positive) osculator 2, which is same processed as 13. As, e.g. (For number 47): a = 4 + 7 = 11
361 = 36 + 1 × 2 = 38 & b = 74 – 47 = 27 thus the
Q 38 is divisible by 19. So 361 is also divisible by 19. 11 ´ 11 - 27
Few more Important Points: original number = = 47
1. Out of a group of n consecutive integers one and 2
only one number is divisible by n. Rule 3 : If the difference between a number and formed
2. The product of n consecutive numbers is always by number reversing digit is x, then the difference between
divisible by n! or = n . x
3. For any number n, (np–h) is always divisible by P both the digits of the number is
9
where P is a prime number, for e.g.,
if n = 2 and P = 5 then, eg. (for 63) x = 63 – 36 = 27
(25 – 2) = (32 – 2) = 30 which is divisible by 5. 27
4. The square of an odd number when divided by 8 Þ Required difference = =3
9
always leaves a remainder 1, as
If we divide 72 = 49 or 52 = 25 by 8 then remainder will be 1. Rule 4 : If the sum of a number and the number formed
5. For any natural number n, n5 or n4k + 1 is having by reversing the digits is x, then the sum of digits of the
same unit digit as n has, where k is a whole number, such x
as, number is .
11
35 = 243 has 3 at its unit place.
e.g. (For number 76) = x = 67 + 76 = 143 Required
6. Square of any natural number can be written in the
form of 3n or 3n + 1 or 4n or (4n + 1). sum of numbers = 67 + 76 = 143
e.g. square of 11 = 121 = 3 × 40 + 1 143
or 4 × 30 + 1 Required sum = = 13
11
If N = ap b q cr ......... where a, b and c are prime Dividend = (Divisor × Quotient) + Remainder
numbers and p, q and r are natural numbers, then
1. Number of factors of N is given by Dividend - Remainder
Divisor = Quotient
F = (p + 1)(q + 1)(r + 1) .......
2. Number of ways to express the number as a product
Dividend - Remainder
F F +1 Quotient =
of two factors are F is even or if F is odd Divisor
2 2
Remainder = Dividend – (Divisor × Quotient)
respectively.
Special Rule for Remainder Calculation:
3. Sum of all the factors of the number N.
an
S(F) =
ea p +1
-1 j ´ eb q +1
j ´ ec
-1 r +1
-1 j Rule 5 : If
a -1
then remainder will always be 1,
(a - 1) (b - 1) (c - 1)
whether n is even or odd.
4. The number of ways in which a number N can be
resolved into co–prime factors is 2 k – 1, where k is the a (even number )
number of different Prime factors of the number N. Rule 6 : If , then remainder will be 1.
(a +1)
5. The number of co–primes to number N is given by

FG
C(N) = n 1 -
1IJ FG
1-
1
1-
1 IJ FG IJ a (odd number )
H a KH b c KH K Rule 7 : If
(a +1)
, then remainder will be a.

Special Rules : Rule 8 : If n is a single digit number, then in n3, n will


Rule 1 : If the sum of digits of two digit number is ‘a’ be at unit place. It is valid for the number 0, 1, 4, 5, 6 or 9
and if the digits or the number are reversed, such that As, digit at unit place in (43) is 4.
number reduces by ‘b’, then Rule 9 : If n is a single digit number then in np, where
11 a + b p is any number (+ve), n will be at unit place. It is valid for
Original Number = 5 and 6.
2
For example : (For number 82) a = 8 + 2 = 10 qq q

SME–24
NUMBER SYSTEM

QUESTIONS ASKED IN PREVIOUS SSC EXAMS


6. Which of the following is the 12. The greatest value among the
TYPE–I 6 5 7 4 2 1 5 3
largest fraction ? , , , fractions , , , is :
1. Which of the following fraction 7 6 8 5 7 3 6 4
is the smallest? 6 4
(1) (2) 3 5
7 7 4 5 7 5 (1) (2)
, , , 4 6
6 9 5 7 5 7
(3) (4) 1 2
7 7 6 8 (3) (4)
(1) (2) 3 7
6 9 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 11.05.2003
(First Sitting) (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
4 5 7. The smallest number of five dig- Exam. 21.10.2012 (IInd Sitting)
(3) (4)
5 7 its exactly divisible by 476 is 13. The least number of five digits
(SSC CGL Exam. 04.07.1999 (1) 47600 (2) 10000 which has 123 as a factor is
(Ist Sitting) (3) 10476 (4) 10472 (1) 10037 (2) 10086
2. Which of the following fraction (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 08.02.2004 (3) 10081 (4) 10063
is the smallest ? (First Sitting)
(SSC Delhi Police
9 17 28 33 8. The least among the fractions
SI Exam. 19.08.2012)
, , ,
13 26 29 52 15 19 24 34 14. The largest among the numbers
, , , is
16 20 25 35
33 17 (0.1) 2, 0.0121 , 0.12 and
(1) (2) 34 15
52 26 (1) (2)
35 16 0.0004 is
9 28
(3) (4) 19 24 (1) (0.1)
2
(2)
13 29 (3) (4)
0.0121
(SSC CGL Exam. 04.07.1999 20 25
(IInd Sitting) (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 16.05.2010 (3) 0.12 (4) 0.0004
3. The smallest possible three- (Second Sitting) (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
place decimal number is : 9. The greatest fraction among Exam. 28.10.2012, Ist Sitting)
(1) 0.012 (2) 0.123 15. The greatest among the following
2 5 11 7
(3) 0.111 , , and is
(4) None of the above 3 6 15 8 1 1 1
(SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000 7 11 bg bg bg
numbers 3 3 , 2 2 ,1, 6 6
(IInd Sitting) (1) (2)
8 15 is :
4. Which of the following fraction
is the smallest? 5 2 1
8 14 7 11
, , ,
(3)
6
(4)
3 (1) b 2g 2 (2) 1
15 33 13 13 (SSC CISF ASI
Exam. 29.08.2010 (Paper-1) 1 1

(1)
8
15
(2)
7
13
10. The least number among (3) bg 6 6 (4) 3 3bg
4 9 (SSC CAPFs SI & CISF ASI
11 14 , , & & and (0.8)2 is
(3) (4) 9 49 0.45 Exam. 23.06.2013)
13 33 16. When 335 is added to 5A7, the
(SSC CGL Exam. 24.02.2002 4 9 result is 8B2. 8B2 is divisible
(Ist Sitting) (1) (2) by 3. What is the largest pos-
9 49
5. Which of the following is the sible value of A ?
smallest fraction ? &&
(3) 0.45 (4) (0.8)2 (1) 8 (2) 2
8 7 11 14 (SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 06.09.2009) (3) 1 (4) 4
, , , 11. Which of the following number
25 23 23 53 (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 29.09.2013
is the greatest of all ?
17. If a number is as much greater
8 7 than 31 as it is less than 75,
(1) (2) 0.9, 0.9,0.09,0. 09
25 23 then the number is
(1) 0.9 (2) 0.9
11 14 (1) 106 (2) 44
(3) (4) (3) 0.09 (4) 0. 09 (3) 74 (4) 53
23 53
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 24.02.2002 (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
(Middle Zone) Exam. 28.11.2010 (Ist Sitting) Exam. 20.10.2013)

SME–25
NUMBER SYSTEM
18. The greatest number among 0.7 22. Which of the following is cor- 5. Which of the following numbers
0.6 rect ? will always divide a six-digit
+ . , 1.02 – 24 , 1.2 × 0.83
016 number of the form xyxyxy
2 3 11 (where 1 < x < 9, 1 < y < 9)?
and 1.44 is : (1) < <
3 5 15 (1) 1010 (2) 10101
(1) 0.7 + 016
. (2) 1.44 (3) 11011 (4) 11010
3 2 11
0.6 (2) < < (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(3) 1.2 × 0.83 (4) 1.02 – 5 3 15 04.12.2011(IInd Sitting (East Zone)
24
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 08.02.2004 11 3 2 6. The divisor is 25 times the
(Second Sitting) (3) < < quotient and 5 times the
15 5 3
19. Which is the largest of the fol- remainder. If the quotient is 16,
lowing fractions ? 3 11 2 the dividend is :
(4) < < (1) 6400 (2) 6480
2 3 8 11 5 15 3
, , , (3) 400 (4) 480
3 5 11 17 (SSC CGL Tier-II Online
(SSC CGL Exam. 24.02.2002
Exam.01.12.2016)
8 3 (Ist Sitting) & SSC CGL Prel.
(1) (2) Exam. 13.11.2005 (IInd Sitting)
11 5 TYPE–II 7. The product of two positive
11 2
(3) (4) 1. A number when divided by 899 numbers is 11520 and their
17 3
(SSC CGL Tier-I gives a remainder 63. If the 9
quotient is . Find the differ--
Re-Exam. (2013) 27.04.2014 same number is divided by 29, 5
11 the remainder will be : ence of two numbers.
20. Sum of three fractions is 2 . (1) 10 (2) 5 (1) 60 (2) 64
24
On dividing the largest fraction (3) 4 (4) 2 (3) 74 (4) 70
7 (SSC CGL Exam. 04.07.1999 (SSC CGL Exam. 24.02.2002
by the smallest fraction, is (IInd Sitting) & SSC CGL (IInd Sitting)
6
Exam. 27.07.2008 (IInd Sitting) 8. When a number is divided by
1 56, the remainder obtained is
obtained which is greater 1
3 29. What will be the remainder
than the middle fraction. The 2. is equal to :
0.04 when the number is divided by
smallest fraction is 8?
5 3 1 2 (1) 4 (2) 5
(1) (2) (1) (2)
8 4 40 5 (3) 3 (4) 7
(SSC CGL Exam. 24.02.2002
5 3 5 (IInd Sitting) & SSC CGL
(3) (4) (3) (4) 25
6 7 2 Exam. 04.02.2007 (Ist Sitting)
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam, 2014 12.04.2015 9. A student was asked to multiply
(Kolkata Region) (SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000
(TF No. 789 TH 7) (Ist Sitting) 3
a number by but he divided
4 3. A six digit number is formed by 2
21. Arrangement of the fractions ,
3 repeating a three digit number; 3
for example, 256, 256 or 678, that number by . His result
2 7 5 2
– , – , into ascending 678 etc. Any number of this
9 8 12 was 10 less than the correct an-
order is form is always exactly divisible swer. The number was :
by : (1) 10 (2) 12
7 2 5 4
(1) 7 only (2) 11 only
(1) – ,– , , (3) 15 (4) 20
8 9 12 3 (3) 13 only (4) 1001 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 24.02.2002
7 2 4 5 (SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000 (Second Sitting)
(2) – , – , ,
8 9 3 12 (Ist Sitting)
10. A number being divided by 52
2 7 5 4 4. The small est num ber to be gives remainder 45. If the num-
(3) – , – , , added to 1000, so that 45 di- ber is divided by 13, the remain-
9 8 12 3
vides the sum exactly, is : der will be
2 7 4 5
(1) 35 (2) 80 (1) 5 (2) 6
(4) – ,– , ,
9 8 3 12 (3) 20 (4) 10 (3) 12 (4) 7
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
& PA/SA Exam, 20.12.2015 (SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 24.02.2002
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 9692918) (Ist Sitting) (Middle Zone)

SME–26
NUMBER SYSTEM
17. The sum of first sixty numbers 24. A number when divided by 6
3 1
11. If of the difference of 2 and from one to sixty is divisible by leaves remainder 3. When the
4 4 square of the same number is
(1) 13 (2) 59
divided by 6, the remainder is :
2 2 (3) 60 (4) 61
1 is subtracted from of (1) 0 (2) 1
3 3 (SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 07.09.2003) (3) 2 (4) 3
18. A number when divided by 3 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005
1
3 the result is leaves a remainder 1. When the (First Sitting)
4
quotient i s divided by 2, it 25. When a number is divided by
-48 48 leaves a remainder 1. What will 893, the remainder is 193. What
(1) (2) be the remainder when the will be the remainder when it is
83 83 divided by 47 ?
number is divided by 6?
-83 83 (1) 3 (2) 4 (1) 3 (2) 5
(3) (4) (3) 25 (4) 33
48 48 (3) 5 (4) 2
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 24.02.2002 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 08.02.2004 (First Sitting)
(Middle Zone) (Second Sitting)
26. A number divided by 13 leaves a
12. A number when divided by 296 19. The product of two numbers is remainder 1 and if the quotient,
gives a remainder 75. When the 9375 and the quotient, when the thus obtained, is divided by 5,
same number is divided by 37, larger one is divided by the we get a remainder of 3. What
the remainder will be smaller, is 15. The sum of the will be the remainder if the num-
(1) 1 (2) 2 numbers is : ber is divided by 65 ?
(3) 8 (4) 11 (1) 395 (2) 380 (1) 28 (2) 16
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 12.01.2003)
(3) 18 (4) 40
(3) 400 (4) 425
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005
13. A number when di vided (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 08.02.2004 (Second Sitting)
successively by 4 and 5 leaves (Second Sitting)
27. Which of the following number
remainder 1 and 4 respectively. 20. A number, when divided by 119, is NOT divisible by 18 ?
When it is successively divided leaves a remainder of 19. If it is (1) 54036 (2) 50436
by 5 and 4 the respective
divided by 17, it will leave a re- (3) 34056 (4) 65043
remainders will be
mainder of : (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005
(1) 4, 1 (2) 3, 2 (Second Sitting)
(1) 19 (2) 10
(3) 2, 3 (4) 1, 2 28. 64329 is divided by a certain
(3) 7 (4) 2
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 11.05.2003 number. While dividing, the
(Second Sitting) (SSC CPO S.I.
numbers, 175, 114 and 213 ap-
Exam. 26.05.2005) & SSC CGL
14. In a division problem, the divisor pear as three successive remain-
Prelim Exam. 27.07.2008)
is 4 times the quotient and 3 times ders. The divisor is
the remainder. If remainder is 4, 21. (719 + 2) is divided by 6, the re- (1) 184 (2) 224
the dividend is mainder is : (3) 234 (4) 296
(1) 36 (2) 40 (1) 5 (2) 3 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 04.02.2007
(3) 12 (4) 30 (3) 2 (4) 1 (First Sitting)
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 11.05.2003 (SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 26.05.2005) 29. In a question on division, the di-
(Second Sitting) 22. When a number is divided by visor is 7 times the quotient and
15. Each member of a picnic party 357 the remainder is 39. If that 3 times the remainder. If the re-
contributed twice as many rupees number is divided by 17, the re- mainder is 28 , then the
as the total number of members mainder will be : dividend is
and the total collection was (1) 588 (2) 784
(1) 0 (2) 3
3042. The number of members (3) 823 (4) 1036
present in the party was (3) 5 (4) 11
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 04.02.2007
(1) 2 (2) 32 (SSC Section Officer (Commercial Audit) (Second Sitting)
Exam. 25.09.2005) 30. If two numbers are each divided
(3) 40 (4) 39
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 11.05.2003 23. A number divided by 68 gives the by the same divisor, the remain-
(Second Sitting) quotient 269 and remainder ders are respectively 3 and 4. If
zero. If the same number is di- the sum of the two numbers be
16. How many natural numbers di-
vided by 67, the remainder is : divided by the same divisor, the
visible by 7 are there between 3
remainder is 2. The divisor is
and 200 ? (1) 0 (2) 1
(1) 9 (2) 7
(1) 27 (2) 28 (3) 2 (4) 3
(3) 5 (4) 3
(3) 29 (4) 36 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 04.02.2007
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 07.09.2003) (First Sitting) (Second Sitting)

SME–27
NUMBER SYSTEM
31. A number consists of two digits. 38. The remainder when 3 21 i s 46. When two numbers are separate-
If the number formed by inter- divided by 5 is ly divided by 33, the remainders
changing the digits is added to are 21 and 28 respectively. If the
(1) 1 (2) 2
the original number, the result- sum of the two numbers is divid-
ing number (i.e. the sum) must (3) 3 (4) 4 ed by 33, the remainder will be
be divisible by (SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam 26.06.2011 (1) 10 (2) 12
(First Sitting) (3) 14 (4) 16
(1) 11 (2)9
39. A number when divided by 49 (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(3) 5 (4)3
leaves 32 as remainder. This 28.11.2010 (IInd Sitting)
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 27.07.2008 number when divided by 7 will
(First Sitting) 47. In a division sum, the divisor is
have the remainder as 10 times the quotient and 5 times
32. A number when divided by 5
leaves a remainder 3. What is the (1) 4 (2) 3 the remainder. If the remainder
remainder when the square of the (3) 2 (4) 5 is 46, then the dividend is
same number is divided by 5 ? (SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam 26.06.2011 (1) 4236 (2) 4306
(1) 1 (2)2 (First Sitting) (3) 4336 (4) 5336
(3) 3 (4)4 40. When a number is divided by (SSC Multi-Tasking (Non-Technical)
36, the remainder is 19. What Staff Exam. 20.02.2011)
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 27.07.2008
(First Sitting)
will be the remainder when the 48. When a number is divided by 24,
number is divided by 12 ? the remainder is 16. The remain-
33. A number when divided by 192
(1) 7 (2) 5 der when the same number is
gives a remainder of 54. What
(3) 3 (4) 0 divided by 12 is
remainder would be obtained on
(SSC CPO (SI, ASI & Intelligence Officer) (1) 3 (2) 4
dividing the same number by
Exam 28.08.2011 (Paper-I) (3) 6 (4) 8
16 ?
41. 96 – 11 when divided by 8 would (SSC Multi-Tasking (Non-Technical)
(1) 2 (2) 4 leave a remainder of : Staff Exam. 27.02.2011)
(3) 6 (4) 8 (1) 0 (2) 1
49. The expression 26n – 42n, where
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 06.09.2009) (3) 2 (4) 3 n is a natural number is always
34. A number, when divided by 136, (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 04.07.1999 divisible by
leaves remainder 36. If the same (First Sitting)
(1) 15 (2) 18
number is divided by 17, the re- 42. If 17200 is divided by 18, the re-
(3) 36 (4) 48
mainder will be mainder is—
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
(1) 9 (2) 7 (1) 17 (2) 16
Exam. 04.12.2011 (Ist Sitting
(3) 3 (4) 2 (3) 1 (4) 2 (North Zone)
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 16.05.2010 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 27.02.2000
50. (461 + 462 + 463) is divisible by
(Second Sitting) (First Sitting)
(1) 3 (2) 11
35. Two numbers, when divided by 43. When 231 is divided by 5 the (3) 13 (4) 17
17, leave remainders 13 and 11 remainder is (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
respectively. If the sum of those (1) 4 (2) 3 Exam. 04.12.2011 (IInd Sitting
two numbers is divided by 17, (3) 2 (4) 1 (North Zone)
the remainder will be (SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam 19.06.2011 51. 47 is added to the product of 71
(1) 13 (2) 11 (First Sitting) and an unknown number. The
(3) 7 (4) 4 44. A student was asked to divide a new number is divisible by 7 giv-
number by 6 and add 12 to the ing the quoti ent 98.
(SSC CISF ASI
quotient. He, however, first add- The unknown number is a mul-
Exam 29.08.2010 (Paper-1)
ed 12 to the number and then di- tiple of
36. A number, when divided by 221, vided it by 6, getting 112 as the
leaves a remainder 64. What is (1) 2 (2) 5
answer. The correct answer
the remainder if the same num- (3) 7 (4) 3
should have been
ber is divided by 13 ? (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
(1) 124 (2) 122
Exam. 04.12.2011 (Ist Sitting
(1) 0 (2) 1 (3) 118 (4) 114 (East Zone)
(3) 11 (4) 12 (SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam. 19.06.2011
52. When an integer K is divided by
(SSC CPO S.I. (Second Sitting)
3, the remainder is 1, and when
Exam 12.12.2010 (Paper-I) 45. When a number is divided by K + 1 is divided by 5, the remain-
37. When ‘n’ is divisible by 5 the re- 387, the remainder obtained is der is 0. Of the following, a pos-
mainder is 2. What is the remain- 48. If the same number is divid- sible value of K is
der when n2 is divided by 5 ? ed by 43, then the remainder
(1) 62 (2) 63
obtained will be–
(1) 2 (2) 3
(1) 0 (2) 3 (3) 64 (4) 65
(3) 1 (4) 4
(3) 5 (4) 35 (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
(SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam 19.06.2011 (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. Exam. 11.12.2011 (Ist Sitting
(Second Sitting) 28.11.2010 (Ist Sitting) (Delhi Zone)

SME–28
NUMBER SYSTEM
53. A number when divided by 91 60. Divide 37 into two parts so that 67. In a division sum, the divisor is
gives a remainder 17. When the 5 times one part and 11 times 3 times the quotient and 6 times
same number is divided by 13, the remainder. If the remainder
the other are together 227.
the remainder will be : is 2, then the dividend is
(1) 0 (2) 4 (1) 15, 22 (2) 20, 17
(1) 50 (2) 48
(3) 6 (4) 3 (3) 25, 12 (4) 30, 7
(3) 36 (4) 28
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC (SSC Multi-Tasking Staff
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
Exam. 11.12.2011 (IInd Sitting Exam. 24.03.2013, Ist Sitting)
10.11.2013, IInd Sitting)
(Delhi Zone) 61. The greatest common divisor of 16
68. 2 –1 is divisible by
54. If the sum of the two numbers 333 334
is 120 and their quotient is 5, 33 + 1 and 33 + 1 is : (1) 11 (2) 13
then the difference of the two (1) 2 (2) 1 (3) 17 (4) 19
numbers is– 333
(SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam 26.06.2011
(1) 115 (2) 100 (3) 33 +1 (4) 20 (Second Sitting)
(3) 80 (4) 72 (SSC CGL Tier-I 69. The smallest number that must
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. 21.04.2013) be added to 803642 in order to
Exam. 11.12.2011 (IInd Sitting 62. How many numbers between obtain a multiple of 11 is
(Delhi Zone) 400 and 800 are divisible by 4, (1) 1 (2) 4
55. A number when divided by 280 5 and 6 ? (3) 7 (4) 9
leaves 115 as remainder. When (1) 7 (2) 8 (SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 12.01.2003)
the same number is divided by (3) 9 (4) 10 70. Which one of the following will
35, the remainder is completely divide 5 71 + 5 72 +
(SSC Constable (GD)
(1) 15 (2) 10 Exam. 12.05.2013 Ist Sitting) 573 ?
(3) 20 (4) 17 63. A positive integer when divided (1) 150 (2) 160
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. by 425 gives a remainder 45. (3) 155 (4) 30
11.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (East Zone) When the same number is divid- (SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam 19.06.2011
56. A certain number when divided ed by 17, the remainder will be (Second Sitting)
by 175 leaves a remainder 132. (1) 11 (2) 8 71. If [n] denotes the greatest inte-
When the same number is di- ger < n and (n) denotes the
(3) 9 (4) 10
vided by 25, the remainder is : smallest integer > n, where n is
(SSC CGL Tier-I
(1) 6 (2) 7 any real number, then
Exam. 19.05.2013 Ist Sitting)
(3) 8 (4) 9 64. A number x when divided by 289 FG1 1 IJ ´ LM1 1 OP – FG1 1 IJ ¸ LM1 1 OP + b1.5g
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. leaves 18 as the remainder. The H 5K N 5Q H 5K N 5 Q
11.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (East Zone) same number when divided by is
57. The number of integers in be- 17 leaves y as a remainder. The (1) 1.5 (2) 2
tween 100 and 600, which are value of y is (3) 2.5 (4) 3.5
divisible by 4 and 6 both, is (1) 5 (2) 2 (SSC Delhi Police S.I.
(1) 40 (2) 42 (3) 3 (4) 1 (SI) Exam. 19.08.2012)
(3) 41 (4) 50 (SSC CGL Tier-I 72. The number which is to be add-
(SSC Constable (GD) & Rifleman Exam. 19.05.2013 Ist Sitting) ed to 0.01 to get 1.1, is
(GD) Exam. 22.04.2012 (IInd Sitting) 65. When n is divided by 6, the re- (1) 1.11 (2)1.09
58. The value of l for which the ex- mainder is 4. When 2n is divid- (3) 1 (4)0.10
pression x3 + x2 – 5x + l will be ed by 6, the remainder is (SSC Data Entry Operator
divisible by (x – 2) is : (1) 2 (2) 0 Exam. 31.08.2008)
(1) 2 (2) –2 (3) 4 (4) 1
998
(3) –3 (4) 4 (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. 73. 999 ´ 999 is equal to :
999
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. 10.11.2013, Ist Sitting)
21.10.2012, IInd Sitting) 66. Two numbers 11284 and 7655, (1) 998999 (2) 999899
59. If the number formed by the last when divided by a certain num- (3) 989999 (4) 999989
two digits of a three digit integer ber of three digits, leaves the (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
is an integral multiple of 6, the same remainder. The sum of dig- Exam. 27.11.2010)
original integer itself will always its of such a three-digit 74. (271 + 272 + 273 + 274) is divis-
be divisible by number is ible by
(1) 6 (2) 3 (1) 8 (2) 9 (1) 9 (2) 10
(3) 2 (4) 12 (3) 10 (4) 11 (3) 11 (4) 13
(SSC Multi-Tasking Staff (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. (SSC (South Zone) Investigator
Exam. 17.03.2013, Kolkata Region) 10.11.2013, Ist Sitting) Exam 12.09.2010)

SME–29
NUMBER SYSTEM
75. By which number should 0.022 83. If 5432*7 is divisible by 9, then 91. If * is a digit such that 5824* is
be multiplied so that product the digit in place of * is : divisible by 11, then * equals :
becomes 66 ? (1) 0 (2) 1 (1) 2 (2) 3
(1) 3000 (2) 3200 (3) 6 (4) 9 (3) 5 (4) 6
(3) 4000 (4) 3600 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 04.07.1999 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 27.02.2000
(Second Sitting) (Second Sitting)
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 24.02.2002
84. The least number, which must 92. If 78*3945 is divisible by 11,
(Middle Zone)
be added to 6709 to make it ex- where * is a digit, then * is equal to
76. (3 25 + 326 + 327 + 328) is divis- actly divisible by 9, is
ible by (1) 1 (2) 0
(1) 5 (4) 4
(1) 11 (2) 16 (3) 3 (4) 5
(3) 7 (4) 2
(3) 25 (4) 30 (SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 05.09.2004)
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 08.02.2004
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 05.09.2004) (First Sitting) 93. If the number 4 8 3 2 7 * 8 is
85. The total number of integers be- divisible by 11, then the miss-
77. The value of
tween 100 and 200, which are ing digit (*) is
e0.3467 + 01333
. j is : divisible by both 9 and 6, is :
(1) 5 (2) 6
(1) 5
(3) 2
(2) 3
(4) 1
(1) 0.48 (2) 0.4801 (3) 7 (4) 8 (SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 09.11.2008)
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 08.02.2004 94. Both the end digits of a 99 digit
(3) 0. 48 (4) 0.48 (First Sitting) number N are 2. N is divisible by
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 24.02.2002 86. How many 3-digit numbers, in 11, then all the middle digits are :
(Second Sitting) all, are divisible by 6 ? (1) 1 (2) 2
78. The value of (1) 140 (2) 150 (3) 3 (4) 4
(3) 160 (4) 170 FCI Assistant Grade-III
3157
. ´ 4126 ´ 3198
.
is closest (SSC CPO S.I. Exam.26.05.2005 Exam. 05.02.2012 (Paper-I)
63.972 ´ 2835121
. & SSC CGL Prelim Exam. East Zone (IInd Sitting)
to 27.07.2008 (Second Sitting)
95. If n is a whole number greater
(1) 0.002 (2) 0.02 87. If ‘n’ be any natural number, then
than 1, then n2(n2 – 1) is always
by which largest number (n3 – n)
(3) 0.2 (4) 2 divisible by :
is always divisible ?
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 12.01.2003) (1) 16 (2) 12
(1) 3 (2) 6
(3) 10 (4) 8
1
+ 999
FG
692 IJ
´ 99 is equal to
(3) 12 (4) 18
79.
7 H
693 K (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 16.05.2010
(Second Sitting)
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 26.05.2005)
96. A 4-digit number is formed by
(1) 1 (2) 99000 88. If n is an integer, then (n3 – n) is repeating a 2-digit number such
(3) 99800 (4) 99900 always divisible by : as 2525, 3232, etc. Any number
(1) 4 (2) 5 of this form is always exactly di-
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
visible by :
10.11.2013, IInd Sitting) (3) 6 (4) 7
(1) 7 (2) 11
(SSC CGL Exam.13.11.2005 (Ist Sitting)
80. (49)15 – 1 is exactly divisible by : (3) 13
& SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
(1) 50 (2) 51 Exam. 27.11.2010) (4) Smallest 3-digit prime num-
(3) 29 (4) 8 ber
89. If the sum of the digits of any
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 04.07.1999 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005
integer lying between 100 and
(Second Sitting) (First Sitting) & SSC CGL Tier-I
1000 is subtracted from the
Exam.16.05.2010 (IInd Sitting)
81. If a and b are two odd positive number, the result always is
integers, by which of the follow- (1) divisible by 6 97. What least number, of 5 digits is
ing integers is (a4 – b4) always (2) divisible by 2 divisible by 41?
divisible ? (3) divisible by 9 (1) 10045 (2) 10004
(1) 3 (2) 6 (4) divisible by 5 (3) 10041 (4) 41000
(3) 8 (4) 12 (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC (SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 03.09.2006)
Exam. 20.10.2013) 98. It is given that (232 + 1) is exactly
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 16.05.2010
90. If a number is divisible by both divisible by a certain number.
(First Sitting)
11 and 13, then it must be which one of the following is also
82. If m and n are positive integers necessarily : definitely divisible by the same
and (m – n ) is an even number, (1) divisible by (11 + 13) number ?
then (m2 – n2) will be always di- (2) divisible by (13 – 11)
visible by (1) 296 + 1 (2) 7 × 233
(3) divisible by (11 × 13) 16
(1) 4 (2) 6 (3) 2 – 1 (4) 216 + 1
(4) 429
(3) 8 (4) 12 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 27.02.2000 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 04.02.2007
(Second Sitting) (First Sitting)
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam.16.09.2012)

SME–30
NUMBER SYSTEM
99. The greatest whole number, by 107. The least number which must be 115. Weight of a bucket when filled
which the expression added to the greatest number of fully with water is 17 kg. If the
n4 + 6n3 + 11n2 + 6n + 24 is 4 digits in order that the sum weight of the bucket when half
divisible for every natural num- may be exactly divisible by 307 is filled with water is 13.5 kg, what
ber n, is (1) 132 (2) 32 is the weight of empty bucket ?
(1) 6 (2) 24 (3) 43 (4) 75 (1) 12 kg (2) 8 kg
(3) 12 (4) 48 (SSC CGL Tier-I Re-Exam. (2013)
(3) 10 kg (4) 7 kg
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 04.02.2007 (SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC
20.07.2014 (IInd Sitting)
(Second Sitting) Exam. 16.11.2014, IInd Sitting
108. If a = 4011 and b = 3989 then (TF No. 545 QP 6)
100. How many numbers between
1000 and 5000 are exactly di- value of ab = ? 116. In a farm there are cows and
visible by 225 ? (1) 15999879 (2) 15899879 hens. If heads are counted they
(3) 15989979 (4) 15998879 are 180, if legs are counted they
(1) 16 (2)18
are 420. The number of cows in
(3) 19 (4)12 (SSC CGL Tier-I
the farm is
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 27.07.2008 Re-Exam. (2013) 27.04.2014
(1) 130 (2) 150
(First Sitting) 109. For any integral value of n, 32n +
9n + 5 when divided by 3 will (3) 50 (4) 30
101. Find the largest number, which
leave the remainder (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 12.04.2015
exactly divides every number of
(TF No. 567 TL 9)
the form (n3 – n) (n –2) where n is (1) 1 (2) 2
a natural number greater than 2. 117. The number which can be writ-
(3) 0 (4) 5
(1) 6 (2) 12 ten in the form of n (n + 1) (n + 2),
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 19.10.2014
where n is a natural number, is
(3) 24 (4) 48 110. The solution to the inequality (1) 7 (2) 3
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 09.11.2008) 12x – 61 < 6 is (3) 5 (4) 6
102. The greatest number less than (1) x < 6 (2) 0 < x < 6 (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 12.04.2015
1500, which is divisible by both
(3) – 6 < x < 6 (4) – 6 < x < 0 (TF No. 567 TL 9)
16 and 18, is
(SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi 118. A number when divided by 2736
(1) 1440 (2) 1404
Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014
(3) 1386 (4) 1368 leaves the remainder 75. If the
111. 5349 is added to 3957. Then same number is divided by 24,
(SSC (South Zone) Investigator
7062 is subtracted from the sum.
Exam 12.09.2010) then the remainder is
The result is not divisible by
103. The least number, which is to be (1) 12 (2) 3
(1) 4 (2) 3
added to the greatest number of
4 digits so that the sum may be (3) 7 (4) 11 (3) 0 (4) 23
divisible by 345, is (SSC CHSL DEO Exam. 02.11.2014 (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam, 2014 12.04.2015
(1) 50 (2) 6 (Ist Sitting) (Kolkata Region)
112. The product of all the prime (TF No. 789 TH 7)
(3) 60 (4) 5
(SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam 19.06.2011
numbers between 80 and 90 is 119. The maximum value of F in the
(Second Sitting) (1) 83 (2) 89 following equation
104. 461 + 462 + 463 + 464 is divisible (3) 7387 (4) 598347 5E9 + 2F8 + 3G7 = 1114 is
by (SSC CHSL DEO Exam. 02.11.2014 where E, F, G each stands for any
(1) 3 (2) 10 (Ist Sitting) digit.
n
(3) 11 (4) 13 113. If n is even, (6 – 1) is divisible by (1) 8 (2) 9
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 12.01.2003) (1) 37 (2) 35 (3) 7 (4) 5
105. The difference of a number con- (3) 30 (4) 6 (SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi
sisting of two digits from the (SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC Police SI Exam, 21.06.2015
number formed by interchanging Exam. 16.11.2014, IInd Sitting IInd Sitting)
the digits is always divisible by (TF No. 545 QP 6)
114. I have x marbles. My elder broth- 120. The sum of four numbers is 48.
(1) 10 (2) 9
er has 3 more than mine, while When 5 and 1 are added to the
(3) 11 (4) 6
my younger brother has 3 less first two; and 3 and 7 are sub-
(SSC CGL Tier-I tracted from the 3rd and 4th, the
than mine. If the total number
Exam. 21.04.2013 IInd Sitting)
of marbles is 15, the number of numbers will be equal. T he
106.Which one of the numbers is di-
marbles that I have is numbers are
visible by 25 ?
(1) 3 (2) 5
(1) 303310 (2) 373355 (1) 9, 7, 15, 17 (2)4, 12, 12, 20
(3) 8 (4) 7
(3) 303375 (4) 22040 (SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC (3) 5, 11, 13, 19 (4)6, 10, 14, 18
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 16.11.2014, IInd Sitting (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015
Exam. 29.09.2013) (TF No. 545 QP 6) (Ist Sitting) TF No. 1443088)

SME–31
NUMBER SYSTEM

121. The least number that should be 128. If the sum of the digits of a three 136. If the sum of a number and its
digit number is subtracted from reciprocal be 2, then the num-
added to 2055, so that the sum
that number, then it will always ber is
is exactly divisible by 27 is be divisible by (1) 0 (2) 1
(1) 28 (2) 24 (1) 3 only (3) –1 (4) 2
(3) 27 (4) 31 (2) 9 only (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
(3) Both 3 and 9 Exam. 29.08.2016) (IInd Sitting)
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015
(4) All of 3, 6 and 9 137. When a number is divided by 56,
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 1443088)
(SSC CGL Tier-II Online the remainder will be 29. If the
122. What is the Arithmetic mean of the Exam.01.12.2016) same number is divided by 8,
129. The greater of the two numbers then the remainder will be
first ‘n’ natural numbers ?
whose product is 900 and sum (1) 6 (2) 7
n (n + 1) n +1 exceeds their difference by 30 is (3) 5 (4) 3
(1) (2) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
2 2 (1) 60 (2) 75
Exam. 31.08.2016) (Ist Sitting)
(3) 90 (4) 100
138. A positive number when de-
n 2 (n + 1) (SSC CGL Tier-II Online
creased by 4, is equal to 21 times
(3) (4) 2(n + 1) Exam.01.12.2016)
2 the reciprocal of this number.
130. In a division sum, the divisor ‘d’ The number is :
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015 is 10 times the quotient ‘q’ and 5 (1) 3 (2) 7
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 1443088) times the remainder ‘r’. If r = 46,
(3) 5 (4) 9
123. A number when divided by 361 the dividend will be (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
gives a remainder 47. If the same (1) 5042 (2) 5328 Exam. 03.09.2016) (IInd Sitting)
number is divided by 19, the re- (3) 5336 (4) 4276 139. When n is divided by 4, the re-
mainder obtained is (SSC CGL Tier-II Online mainder is 3. The remainder
Exam.01.12.2016) when 2n is divided by 4 is :
(1) 3 (2) 8
131. A number when divided by 44, (1) 1 (2) 2
(3) 9 (4) 1 gives 432 as quotient and 0 as (3) 3 (4) 6
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam, remainder. What will be the re- (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
25.10.2015, TF No. 1099685) mainder when dividing the same Exam. 02.09.2016) (IInd Sitting)
number by 31? 140. A number when divided by the
124. The difference between the great-
(1) 3 (2) 4 sum of 555 and 445 gives two
est and the least four digit num-
(3) 5 (4) 6 times their difference as quotient
bers that begin with 3 and ends and 30 as the remainder. The
(SSC CPO SI, ASI Online
with 5 is number is
Exam.05.06.2016) (IInd Sitting)
(1) 999 (2) 900 132. A number when divided by 729 (1) 220030 (2) 22030
(3) 990 (4) 909 gives a remainder of 56. What (3) 1220 (4) 1250
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO & PA/SA will we get as remainder if the (SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE)
same number is divided by 27? Exam. 30.11.2016)
Exam, 01.11.2015, IInd Sitting)
(1) 4 (2) 2 141. When a number x is divided by
125. The sum of two numbers is 75 a divisor it is seen that the divi-
and their difference is 25. The (3) 0 (4) 1
sor = 4 times the quotient = dou-
product of the two numbers is : (SSC CPO SI, ASI Online
ble the remainder. If the remain-
Exam.05.06.2016) (IInd Sitting)
(1) 1350 (2) 1250 der is 80 then the value of x is
133. What is the smallest 6-digit
(3) 125 (4) 1000 (1) 6480 (2) 9680
number that is completely divis-
(3) 8460 (4) 4680
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO ible by 108 ?
(SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE)
& PA/SA Exam, 15.11.2015 (1) 100003 (2) 100004 Exam. 30.11.2016)
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 6636838) (3) 100006 (4) 100008 142. On dividing a certain number by
126. The dif ference between the (SSC CPO Exam. 06.06.2016) 342 we get 47 as remainder. If
greatest and least prime numbers (Ist Sitting) the same number is divided by
which are less than 100 is 134. If 25 is added to a number it 18, what will be the remainder ?
(1) 96 (2) 97 becomes 3 less than thrice of the (1) 15 (2) 11
(3) 94 (4) 95 number. Then number is : (3) 17 (4) 13
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO (1) 15 (2) 14 (SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE)
& PA/SA Exam, 20.12.2015 (3) 19 (4) 20 Exam. 30.11.2016)
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 9692918) (SSC CPO SI & ASI, Online 143. The sum of three numbers is
Exam. 06.06.2016) (IInd Sitting) 252. If the first number is thrice
127. Which one of the following is the the second and third number is
minimum value of the sum of two 145. The number 334 × 545 × 7p is two–third of the first, then the
integers whose product is 24? dividible by 3340 if p is at least. second number is
(1) 25 (2) 11 (1) 2 (2) 4 (1) 41 (2) 21
(3) 8 (4) 10 (3) 3 (4) 1 (3) 42 (4) 84
(SSC CPO SI & ASI, Online (SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE)
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
Exam. 06.06.2016) (IInd Sitting) Exam. 30.11.2016)
Exam.10.09.2016)

SME–32
NUMBER SYSTEM
144. The difference between the great- 152. The least number to be added to
est and the least five-digit num- 13851 to get a number which is TYPE–III
bers formed by the digits 2, 5, 0, divisible by 87 is :
6 and 8 is (repetition of digits is 1. One-fourth of a tank holds 135
(1) 18 (2) 43 litres of water. What part of the
not allowed)
(3) 54 (4) 69 tank is full if it contains 180
(1) 69552 (2) 65925
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) litres of water?
(3) 65952 (4) 63952
Exam. 10.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) 2 2
Exam. 29.08.2016 (IST Sitting) 153. What least value must be as- (1) (2)
145. A man has some hens and some signed to ‘*’ so that the number 5 3
cows. If the total number of 451 * 603 is exactly divisible by
1 1
heads of hens and cows together 9? (3) (4)
is 50 and the number of feet of (1) 7 (2) 8 3 6
hens and cows together is 142, (3) 5 (4) 9 (SSC CGL Exam. 04.07.1999
then the number of cows is (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (Ist Sitting)
(1) 21 (2) 25 Exam. 11.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) 2. What is two-third of half of 369?
(3) 27 (4) 29 154. The largest number of four dig- (1) 123 (2) 246
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
its exactly divisible by 88 is : 3 3
Exam. 01.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
146. The least number, which when
(1) 9988 (2) 9944 (3) 246 (4) 271
(3) 8888 (4) 9768 8 4
divided by 5, 6, 7 and 8 leaves a (SSC CGL Exam. 04.07.1999
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
remainder 3 in each case, but (Ist Sitting)
when divided by 9 leaves no re- Exam. 27.10.2016 (Ist Sitting)
mainder, is : 155. Which of the following numbers 1 1
(1) 1677 (2) 1683 is completely divisible by 99? 3. of a number exceeds of the
5 7
(3) 2523 (4) 3363 (1) 57717 (2) 57627
same number by 10. The
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (3) 55162 (4) 56982 number is :
Exam. 02.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) (SSC CHSL (10+2) Tier-I (CBE)
(1) 125 (2) 150
147. If the sum of the digits of any Exam. 15.01.2017) (IInd Sitting)
(3) 175 (4) 200
integer between 100 and 1000 is 156. The sum of all prime numbers
subtracted from the same inte- (SSC CGL Exam. 04.07.1999
between 58 and 68 is
(Ist Sitting)
ger, the resulting number is al- (1) 179 (2) 178
ways divisible by 4. A boy was asked to find the value
(3) 187 (4) 183
(1) 2 (2) 5 3
(3) 6 (4) 9 (SSC CHSL (10+2) Tier-I (CBE) of of a sum of money. Instead
Exam. 16.01.2017) (IInd Sitting) 8
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
Exam. 03.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) 157. The product of digits of a 2-digit 3
148. The least number that must be number is 24. If we add 45 to of multiplying the sum by he
8
added to 8961 to make it exact- the number, the new number ob-
ly divisible by 84 is : tained is a number formed by 3
(1) 27 (2) 57 interchanging the digits.What is divided it by and then his
8
(3) 141 (4) 107 the original number? answer exceeded by 55. Find
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (1) 54 (2) 83 the correct answer ?
Exam. 07.09.2016 (IInd Sitting)
(3) 38 (4) 45 (1) 9 (2) 24
149. Number of composite numbers
lying between 67 and 101 is : (SSC CHSL (10+2) Tier-I (CBE) (3) 64 (4) 1,320
Exam. 16.01.2017) (IInd Sitting) (SSC CGL Exam. 04.07.1999
(1) 27 (2) 24
158. The smallest number, which (Ist Sitting)
(3) 26 (4) 23
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
should be added to 756896 so 3
Exam. 08.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) as to obtain a multiple of 11, is 5. In a class, of the students are
e
5
150. The least number that must be (1) 1 (2) 2
subtracted from 1294 so that the (3) 3 (4) 5 2
remainder when divided by 9, 11 (SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE) girls and rest are boys. If of
9
and 13 will leave in each case the Exam. 12.01.2017)
same remainder 6, is : 159. The product of two numbers is 1
(1) 2 (2) 3 the girls and of the boys are
e
48. If one number equals “The 4
(3) 1 (4) 4 number of wings of a bird plus 2 absent. What part of the total
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) number of students are present?
times the number of fingers on
Exam. 09.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
your hand divided by the num- 23 23
151. What least value must be as-
signed to ‘*’ so that the number ber of wheels of a Tricycle”. Then (1) (2)
the other number is 30 36
63576*2 is divisible by 8 ?
(1) 1 (2) 2 (1) 9 (2) 10 18 17
(3) 3 (4) 4 (3) 12 (4) 18 (3) (4)
49 25
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE)
(SSC CGL Exam. 04.07.1999
Exam. 10.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) Exam. 12.01.2017)
(Ist Sitting)

SME–33
NUMBER SYSTEM
6. An 85m long rod is divided into 12. The product of two fractions is 17. If one-third of one-fourth of a
number is 15, then three-tenth
2 14 35 of the number is
two parts. If one part is of the and their quotient is .
3 15 24 (1) 35 (2) 36
other part, then the longer part The greater fraction is— (3) 45 (4) 54
(in metres) is : (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 24.02.2002
7 7 (Second Sitting)
2 (1) (2)
(1) 34 (2) 56 4 6 18. Express 45 minutes as the frac-
3 tion of one day.
7 4
(3) 85 (4) 51 (3) (4) 1 1
3 5 (1) (2)
(SSC CGL Exam. 04.07.1999 (SSC CGL Exam. 24.02.2002 40 32
(Ist Sitting) 1
(Ist Sitting) 1
(3) (4)
2 4 4 60 24
7. Fraction between and is : 13. What fraction of must be (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 24.02.2002
5 9 7
(Second Sitting)
3 2 added to itself to make the sum 19. If 1 is added to the denominator
(1) (2) 1
7 3 1 ? 1
14 of a fraction it becomes . If 1
4 1 2
(3) (4) 7 1 is added to the numerator it be-
5 2 (1) (2) comes 1. The product of numera-
(SSC CGL Exam. 04.07.1999 8 2 tor and denominator of the frac-
(IInd Sitting) 4 15 tion is
(3) (4) (1) 6 (2) 10
2 7 14 (3) 12 (4) 14
8. of three-fourth of a number (SSC CGL Exam. 24.02.2002
3 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 24.02.2002
(Ist Sitting) (Middle Zone)
is :
4 5
1 14. If of an estate be worth 20. A student was asked to find
(1) of the number 5 16
2
3 of a number. By mistake he
1 16800, then the value of of it 5
(2) of the number 7 found of that number. His
3 is— 6
(1) 90000 (2) 9000 answer was 250 more than the
8 correct answer. Find the given
(3) of the number (3) 72000 (4) 21000
9 (SSC CGL Exam. 24.02.2002 number.
(Ist Sitting) (1) 300 (2) 480
17 (3) 450 (4) 500
(4) of the number 6 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 24.02.2002
12
15. A boy on being asked what of (Middle Zone)
(SSC CGL Exam. 04.07.1999 7
(IInd Sitting) a certain fraction was, made the 21. A number exceeds its one-fifth by
mistake of dividing the fraction 20. The number is
9. If 3 times a number exceeds its (1) 100 (2) 25
3 6 (3) 20 (4) 5
by 60, then what is the num- by and so got an answer (SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 12.01.2003
5 7
which exceeded the correct 22. Two-third of a positive number
ber ?
(1) 25 (2) 35 13 25
answer by . Find the fraction– and of its reciprocal are
e
(3) 45 (4) 60 70 216
(SSC CGL Exam. 04.07.1999 equal. The number is
(IInd Sitting)
2 3
(1) (2) 25 5
10. Half of 1 per cent written as a 3 5 (1) (2)
144 12
decimal is— 4 7
(1) 0.2 (2) 0.02 (3) (4) 144 12
5 9 (3) (4)
(3) 0.05 (4) 0.005 25 5
(SSC CGL Exam. 24.02.2002 (SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 12.01.2003
(SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000 (Ist Sitting)
(Ist Sitting) 5
1 3 1 23. 0.1 and of a bamboo are in
1 16. of of a number is 2 of 8
11. A runner runs 1 laps of a 5 lap 2 4 2 mud and water respectively and
4 10. What is the number? the rest of length 2.75 m is
race. What fractional part of the (1) 50 (2) 60 above water. What is the length
race remains to be run? of the bamboo?
(1) 15/4 (2) 4/5 2 (1) 10 m (2) 30 m
(3) 66 (4) 56
(3) 5/6 (4) 2/3 3 (3) 27.5 m (4) 20 m
(SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000 (SSC CGL Exam. 24.02.2002 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 11.05.2003
(Ist Sitting) (Ist Sitting) (First Sitting)

SME–34
NUMBER SYSTEM

1 34. If the difference between the re-


2 1
24. A man spends of his income on (1) (2) ciprocal of a positive proper frac-
3 3 2
9
2 tion and the fraction itself be ,
food, of his income on house 4 9 20
5 (3) (4) then the fraction is
5 10
1 (SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 26.05.2005) 3 3
rent and of his income on (1) (2)
5 5 10
clothes. If he still has 400 left 4
30. A tin of oil was full. When 6 4 5
with him, his income is 5 (3) (4)
5 4
(1) 4000 (2) 5000 bottles of oil was taken out and
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 03.09.2006)
(3) 6000 (4) 7000 4 bottles of oil was poured into
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 3
3 35. A boy was asked to find of a
11.05.2003 (Second Sitting) it, it was full. How many 5
4
fraction. Instead, he divided the
25. When 0. 47 is converted as a bottles of oil can the tin contain ?
fraction, the result is 3
(1) 10 (2) 20 fraction by and got an answer
5
47 46 (3) 30 (4) 40 which exceeded the correct answer
(1) (2)
90 90 (SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 26.05.2005)
32
31. A candidate in an examination by . The correct answer is
46 47 75
(3) (4) 5
99 99 was asked to find of a cer-- 3 6
14 (1) (2)
(SSC Section Officer (Commercial Audit) 25 25
Exam. 16.11.2003) tain number. By mistake he
2 2
6 5 (3) (4)
found of it. Thus, his answer 25 15
26. By how much does exceed 4
7/ 8 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 27.07.2008
was 25 more than the correct (Second Sitting)
6/7 answer. The number was : 36. The rational number between
?
8 (1) 28 (2) 56 1 3
and is
1 3 (3) 84 (4) 140 2 5
(1) 6 (2) 6 (SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 26.05.2005)
8 4 2 4
32. In an examination, a student was (1) (2)
3 5 5 7
(3) 7 (4) 7 3
4 6 asked to find of a certain 2 1
14 (3) (4)
(SSC Section Officer (Commercial 3 3
Audit) Exam. 16.11.2003) & SSC CGL number, By mistake, he found
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 09.11.2008)
Exam. 27.07.2008 (Ist Sitting) 3
of it. His answer was 150 more
e 2
27. If one-nineth of a certain num- 4 37. A man read th of a book on
ber exceeds its one-tenth by 4, 5
than the correct answer. The
the number is 1
given number is : the first day. He read rd more
e
(1) 320 (2) 360 3
(1) 500 (2) 280
(3) 400 (4) 440 on second day than he read on
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 05.09.2004) (3) 240 (4) 180 the first day. 15 pages were left
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005 for the third day. The number of
28. 0.423 is equivalent to the frac- (First Sitting) pages in the book is
tion : (1) 100 (2) 105
33. The product of two fractions is
491 419 (3) 225 (4) 250
(1) (2) 14 35 (SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 6.09.2009)
990 990 and their quotient is .
15 24 38. The number 0.121212.... in the
49 94 The greater of the fractions is p
(3) (4) form q is equal to
99 99
7 7
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 26.05.2005) (1) (2)
4 6 4 2
29. Which of the following fraction is (1) (2)
11 11
3 7 4
greater than but less (3) (4) 4 2
4 3 5 (3) (4)
33 33
5 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005 (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 16.05.2010
than ? (Second Sitting)
6 (First Sitting)

SME–35
NUMBER SYSTEM

39. 0. 001 is equal to (1) 16 m (2) 18 m The difference of numerator and


(3) 20 m (4) 30 m denominator of the fraction is
1 1 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 08.02.2004 (1) 5 (2) 3
(1) (2)
1000 999 (Second Sitting) (3) 1 (4) 9
1 1 1 (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(3) (4) 45. A tree increases annually by th 04.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (North Zone)
99 9 8
50. The denominator of a fraction is
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 16.05.2010 of its height. By how much will it 3 more than its numerator. If the
(First Sitting) increase after 2 years, if it stands numerator is increased by 7 and
p today 64 cm high? the denomi nator is
40. 1. 27 in the form q is equal to (1) 72 cm (2) 74 cm decreased by 2, we obtain 2. The
(3) 75 cm (4) 81 cm sum of numerator and denomi-
127 73 FCI Assistant Grade-III Exam.25.02.2012 nator of the fraction is
(1) (2)
100 100 (Paper-I) (1) 5 (2) 13
North Zone (Ist Sitting) (3) 17 (4) 19
14 11
(3) (4) (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
11 14 1 04.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (East Zone)
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 16.05.2010 46. A man spends th of his in-
4
(Second Sitting) 1
2 51. A fraction becomes when 1 is
41. Find a number, one-seventh of 3
which exceeds its eleventh part come on food rd of it on
3 subtracted from both the numer-
by 100. ator and the denominator. The
house rent and the remaining
(1) 1925 (2) 1825 income which is 630 on other 1
(3) 1540 (4) 1340 commodities. Find his house same fraction becomes when
(SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam 26.06.2011 2
rent.
(First Sitting) 1 is added to both the numera-
(1) 5040 (2) 3520
42. The value of tor and the denominator. The
(3) 4890 (4) 4458 sum of numerator and denomi-
1 1 1 1 1 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 04.07.1999 nator of the fraction is
+ + + + is (Second Sitting)
15 35 63 99 143 (1) 10 (2) 18
1 (3) 7 (4) 16
5 4 47. How many of together make
(1) (2) 6 (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
39 39 04.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (East Zone)
2 52. A girl was asked to multiply a
2 7 41 ?
(3) (4) 3 7
39 39
(1) 125 (2) 150 number by , instead she di-
FCI Assistant Grade-III 8
Exam. 25.02.2012 (Paper-I) (3) 250 (4) 350
(SSC CHSL DEO Entry Operator & LDC 7
North Zone (Ist Sitting) vided the number by and got
.. Exam. 28.11.2010 (Ist Sitting) 8
43. The number 2. 5 2 , when writ- 48. A fraction having denominator the result 15 more than the cor-
ten as a fraction and reduced to rect result. The sum of the dig-
5
lowest terms, the sum of the nu- 30 and lying between and its of the number was :
merator and denominator is 8
(1) 4 (2) 8
(1) 7 (2) 29 7 (3) 6 (4) 11
is–
(3) 141 (4) 349 11 (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
FCI Assistant Grade-III 11.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (Delhi Zone)
Exam. 25.02.2012 (Paper-I) 18 19 53. A student was asked to multiply
(1) (2)
North Zone (Ist Sitting) 30 30
8
a given number by . Instead,
1 1 20 21 17
44. of a rod is coloured red, (3) (4)
10 20 30 30 he divided the given number by
(SSC CHSL DEO Entry Operator & LDC 8
1 1
orange, yellow, green, Exam. 28.11.2010 (Ist Sitting) . His answer was 225 more
e
30 40 17
49. The sum of the numerator and
than the correct answer. The
1 1 denominator of a positive frac-
blue, black and the rest given number was
50 60 tion is 11. If 2 is added to both
numerator and denominator, the (1) 64 (2) 289
is violet. If the length of the vio-
(3) 136 (4) 225
let portion of the rod is 12.08 1
metres, then the length of the fraction is increased by . (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
24 11.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (East Zone)
rod is

SME–36
NUMBER SYSTEM
54. If 1 is added to both the numera- 58. A, B, C and D purchase a gift 62. The numerator of a fraction is 4
tor and the denominator of a less than its denominator. If the
1
worth 60. A pays of what numerator is decreased by 2 and
1 2
fraction, it becomes . If 2 is the denominator is increased by
4 1, then the denominator be-
1
added to both the numerator and others are paying, B pays of comes eight times the numera-
3
the denominator of that fraction, tor. Find the fraction.
what others are paying and C
1 3 3
it becomes . The sum of 1 (1) (2)
3 pays of what others are pay- 8 7
4
numerator and denominator of ing. What is the amount paid by
the fraction is :
4 2
D? (3) (4)
(1) 8 (2) 13 8 7
(1) 16 (2) 13
(SSC CGL Tier-I
(3) 22 (4) 27 (3) 14 (4) 15
Exam. 19.05.2013 Ist Sitting)
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 21.04.2013)
63. In a class, there are ‘z’ students.
Exam. 11.12.2011 (IInd Sitting 1 Out of them ‘x’ are boys. What
(East Zone) 59. In a school of the boys are
e part of the class is composed of
10
55. A number whose one-fifth part girls ?
increased by 4 is equal to its 1
same in number as of the x z
one-fourth part diminished by 4 (1) (2)
10, is : z x
5
(1) 260 (2) 280 girls and of the girls are same x x
8 (3) 1 – (4) –1
(3) 240 (4) 270 z z
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC 1 (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 29.09.2013
in number as of the boys. The
Exam. 11.12.2011 (IInd Sitting 4 64. Divide 50 into two parts so that
(East Zone) ratio of the boys to girls in that the sum of their reciprocals is
school is 1
1 (1) 2 : 1 (2) 5 : 2 .
56. A person gives of his prop- 12
4 (3) 4 : 3 (4) 3 : 2
(SSC Constable (GD) (1) 35, 15 (2) 20, 30
1 Exam. 12.05.2013 Ist Sitting) (3) 24, 36 (4) 28, 22
erty to his daughter, to his (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
2
9 Exam. 20.10.2013)
60. A fraction becomes , if 2 is
1 11 65. A school group charters three
sons and for charity. How added to both the numerator and
5 4
the denominator. If 3 is added to identical buses and occupies
much has he given away ? 5
both the numerator and the de-
1 19 5 1
(1) (2) nominator it becomes . What of the seats. After of the pas-
20 20 6 4
is the fraction ? sengers leave, the remaining pas-
1 9
(3) (4) 7 3 sengers use only two of the bus-
10 10 (1) (2) es. The fraction of the seats on
9 7
(SSC CGL Tier-I the two buses that are now oc-
Exam. 11.11.2012, Ist Sitting) 5 7 cupied is
(3) (4)
9 10 8 7
57. In an office, there are 108 tables
(SSC CGL Tier-I (1) (2)
9 10
Exam. 19.05.2013 Ist Sitting)

and 132 chairs. If 1 of the tables 3 7 9


61. A rational number between (3) (4)
6 4 9 10
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 12.04.2015
1 3 (TF No. 567 TL 9)
and of the chairs are broken. and is
4 8 66. 0. 123 is equal to :
How many people can work in the
office if each person requires one
12 7 14 41
(1) (2) (1) (2)
table and one chair? 7 3 333 333
(1) 86 (2) 90 16 9 123 441
(3) (4) (3) (4)
(3) 92 (4) 99 9 16 1000 333
(SSC Multi-Tasking Staff (FCI Assistant Grade-III
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 05.02.2012 (Paper-I)
Exam. 24.03.2013, Ist Sitting) Exam. 19.05.2013 Ist Sitting)
East Zone (IInd Sitting)

SME–37
NUMBER SYSTEM
67. 0.393939 ....... is equal to 78. The smallest fraction, which
1
73. Ram left of his property to should be added to the sum of
39 13 3
(1) (2) 1 1 1 1
100 33 3 2 ,3 , 4 and 5 to make
his widow and of the remain- 2 3 4 5
93 39 5 the result a whole number, is
(3) (4) der to his daughter. He gave the
100 990 13 1
rest to his son who received Rs. (1) (2)
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 04.02.2007 6,400. How much was his origi- 60 4
(Second Sitting) nal property worth ?
17 43
1 (1) 16, 000 (2) 32, 000 (3) (4)
68. is equal to (3) 24, 000 (4) 1, 600
60 60
11 (SSC CGL Tier-II Online
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
Exam. 9.11.2014) Exam.01.12.2016)
(1) 0.009 (2) 0.09
74. A number exceeds its two fifth 79. Which of teh following fractions
(3) 0. 09 (4) 0.009 by 75. The number is 5
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 09.11.2008) (1) 125 (2) 112 does not lie between and
6
(3) 100 (4) 150
69. The decimal fraction 2.349 is 8
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015
equal to (IInd Sitting) TF No. 4239378) ?
15
(1) 2326 /999 (2) 2326/990 75. If the sum of two numbers, one
(3) 2347/999 (4) 2347/990 2 3
2 (1) (2)
of which is times the other,, 3 4
(SSC Constable (GD) & Rifleman 5
(GD) Exam. 22.04.2012 (IInd Sitting) is 50, then the numbers are 4 6
70. The value of (3) (4)
115 235 5 7
1 1 1 1 1 1 (1) and
+ + + + + 7 7 (SSC CPO SI & ASI, Online
is Exam. 06.06.2016) (IInd Sitting)
20 30 42 56 72 90
150 200 80. The numerator of a fraction is
(2) and
1 3 7 7 multiple of two numbers. One of
(1) (2) the numbers is greater than the
10 5
240 110 other by 2. The greater number
(3) and
3 7 7 7 is smaller than the denominator
(3) (4) by 4. If the denominator 7 + c (c
20 20 250 100
and > –7) is a constant, then the min-
(4)
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC 7 7 imum value of the fraction is
Exam. 10.11.2013, Ist Sitting) (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015 1
(IInd Sitting) TF No. 4239378) (1) 5 (2)
1 1 1 1 1 5
71. 1 + + + + + is equal 3
2 4 7 14 28 76. If of a number is 7 more than
4 -1
to : (3) –5 (4)
5
(1) 2 (2) 2.5 1 5 (SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE)
of the number, then of
(3) 3 (4) 3.5 6 3 Exam. 30.11.2016)
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 04.07.1999 the number is : 81. The sum of three numbers is 2,
(First Sitting) (1) 12 (2) 20 1
(3) 15 (4) 18 the 1st number is times the
1 1 1 1 1 2
72. + + + + (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 16.08.2015
20 30 42 56 72 (Ist Sitting) TF No. 3196279) 2nd number and the 3rd num-
77. The vulgar fraction of 0.3939 1
1 1 1 ber is times the 2nd number..
+ + + is equal to: is : 4
90 110 132
15 11 The 2nd number is
1 1 (1) (2)
(1) (2) 33 39 7 8
8 7 (1) (2)
6 7
17 13
1 1 (3) (4)
9 10
(3) (4) 39 33
6 10 (3) (4)
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO 8 9
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 24.02.2002 & PA/SA Exam, 15.11.2015 (SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE)
(Second Sitting) (IInd Sitting) TF No. 7203752) Exam. 30.11.2016)

SME–38
NUMBER SYSTEM

1 5. The digit in the unit’s place of


1 4 2
82. If is added to a number and 3. The fractions , and writ- [(251) 98 + (21) 29 – (106) 100 +
2 3 7 5
(705)35 – 164 + 259] is :
the sum is multiplied by 3, the ten in ascending order given by:
result is 21. Then the number is : (1) 1 (2) 4
(1) 6.5 (2) 5.5 4 1 2 2 4 1 (3) 5 (4) 6
(1) < < (2) < <
(3) 4.5 (4) – 6.5 7 3 5 5 7 3 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 27.02.2000
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (Second Sitting)
Exam. 04.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) 1 2 4 4 1 2 6. The last digit of 340 is
(3) < < (4) > >
4 3 5 7 7 3 5 (1) 1 (2) 3
83. If th of a number exceeds its
5 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 08.02.2004 (3) 7 (4) 9
(Second Sitting) (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
3
th by 8, then the number is : 4. Six numbers are arranged in de- Exam. 28.10.2012 (Ist Sitting)
4 creasing order. The average of the 7. What will be the unit digit in the
(1) 130 (2) 120 first five numbers is 30 and the product 7105 ?
(3) 160 (4) 150 average of the last five numbers (1) 5 (2) 7
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
is 25. The difference of the first (3) 9 (4) 1
Exam. 06.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
and the last numbers is :
84. A mason can build a wall in 70 (SSC Section Officer (Commercial Audit)
hours. After 7 hours he takes a (1) 20 (2) 25 Exam. 25.09.2005)
break. What fraction of the wall (3) 5 (4) 30 8. The unit digit in the expansion
is yet to be built? (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO of (2137)754 is
(1) 0.9 (2) 0.8 & PA/SA Exam, 15.11.2015 (1) 1 (2) 3
(3) 0.5 (4) 0.75 (Ist Sitting) TF No. 6636838)
(SSC CHSL (10+2) Tier-I (CBE)
(3) 7 (4) 9
5. The sum of three consecutive in-
Exam. 15.01.2017) (IInd Sitting) (SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 07.09.2003
tegers is 51. The middle one is : & SSC Section Officer (Commer-
85. Two baskets together have 640
(1) 14 (2) 15
FG 1 IJ th of the oranges (3) 16 (4) 17
cial Audit) Exam. 30.09.2007
(Second Sitting)
oranges. If
H 5K (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) 9. One’s digit of the number
in the first basket be taken to the Exam. 09.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) (22)23 is
second basket. The number of (1) 4 (2) 6
oranges in the first basket is TYPE–V (3) 8 (4) 2
(1) 800 (2) 600
(3) 400 (4) 300 1. The digit in unit’s place of the (SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 09.11.2008)
(SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE) product 81 × 82 × 83 × ... × 89 is 10. The unit digit in the product
Exam. 12.01.2017) (1) 0 (2) 2 (122)173 is
(1) 2 (2) 4
TYPE–IV (3) 6 (4) 8
(3) 6 (4) 8
(SSC Section Officer (Commercial Audit)
4 7 6 5 Exam. 16.11.2003) (SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam 19.06.2011
1. Arrange , , , in the as-
5 8 7 6 (First Sitting)
2. The digit in unit’s place of the
cending order : product (2153)167 is : 11. The unit digit in the sum of
4 7 6 5 5 6 7 4 (124)372 + (124)373 is
(1) 1 (2) 3
(1) , , , (2) , , , (1) 5 (2) 4
5 8 7 6 6 7 8 5 (3) 7 (4) 9
(3) 2 (4) 0
4 5 6 7 7 6 5 4 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 08.02.2004 (First
(3) , , , (4) , , , Sitting) (SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam 19.06.2011
5 6 7 8 8 7 6 5 (Second Sitting)
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 24.02.2002 3. The digit in the unit’s place of
the product 12. The last digit of (1001)2008 + 1002
(Second Sitting)
is
2. Arrange the following fractions in
(2464 )1793 ´ (615 )317 ´ (131)491 is (1) 0 (2) 3
decreasing order :
(1) 0 (2) 2 (2) 4 (4) 6
3 7 11
, , (3) 3 (4) 5 (SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam 26.06.2011
5 9 13
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 05.09.2004) (First Sitting)
3 7 11 7 3 11 4. Unit digit in (264)102 + (264)103 13. Find the unit digit in the prod-
(1) , , (2) , ,
5 9 13 9 5 13 is : uct (4387)245 × (621)72.
11 7 3 11 3 7 (1) 0 (2) 4 (1) 1 (2) 2
(3) , , (4) , ,
13 9 5 13 5 9 (3) 6 (4) 8 (2) 5 (4) 7
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 11.05.2003 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 04.07.1999 (SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam 26.06.2011
(Second Sitting) (First Sitting) (Second Sitting)

SME–39
NUMBER SYSTEM
14. The units digit of the expression 21. There is a number consisting of 7. Sum of three consecutive even
256251 + 36528 + 7354 is two digits, the digit in the units’ integers is 54. Find the least
(1) 6 (2) 5 place is twice that in the tens’ place among them.
(3) 4 (4) 0 and if 2 be subtracted from the (1) 18 (2) 15
sum of the digits, the difference is (3) 14 (4) 16
(SSC Multi-Tasking (Non-Technical)
Staff Exam. 20.02.2011) (SSC CGL Exam. 24.02.2002
1
equal to th of the number. The (IInd Sitting)
15. The unit’s digit in the product 7 71
6
× 663 × 365 is 8. The sum of three consecutive
number is numbers is 87. The middle num-
(1) 1 (2) 2 ber is
(1) 26 (2) 25
(3) 3 (4) 4 (1) 27 (2) 29
(3) 24 (4) 23
(SSC Multi-Tasking (Non-Technical) (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam, (3) 30 (4) 28
Staff Exam. 27.02.2011) 25.10.2015, TF No. 1099685) (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 24.02.2002
16. The digit in unit’s place of the (Middle Zone)
number (1570) 2 + (1571) 2 + TYPE–VI 9. What is the su m of two
(1572)2 + (1573)2 is : consecutive even numbers, the
(1) 4 (2) 1 1. The sum of three consecutive difference of whose square is 84?
(3) 2 (4) 3 odd natural numbers is 147. (1) 38 (2) 34
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. Then, the middle number is : (3) 42 (4) 46
21.10.2012, IInd Sitting) (1) 47 (2) 48 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 11.05.2003
(Second Sitting)
17. The unit digit in 3 × 38 × 537 × (3) 49 (4) 51
10. The sum of all the natural num-
1256 is (SSC CGL Exam. 04.07.1999 bers from 51 to 100 is
(1) 4 (2) 2 (IInd Sitting)
(1) 5050 (2) 4275
(3) 6 (4) 8 2. The sum of first 20 odd natural (3) 4025 (4) 3775
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 29.09.2013 numbers is equal to :
(SSC CPO S.I.
18. In a two–digit number, the digit (1) 210 (2) 300 Exam. 05.09.2004)
at the unit’s place is 1 less than (3) 400 (4) 420 11. The sum of all the 2-digit num-
twice the digit at the ten’s place. (SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000 bers is :
If the digits at unit’s and ten’s (Ist Sitting) (1) 4995 (2) 4950
place are interchanged, the dif- 3. The sum of all natural numbers (3) 4945 (4) 4905
ference between the new and the from 75 to 97 is : (SSC CPO S.I.
original number is less than the (1) 1598 (2) 1798 Exam. 26.05.2005)
original number by 20. The origi- 12. The sum of first 50 odd natural
(3) 1958 (4) 1978
nal number is numbers is
(SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000
(1) 59 (2) 23 (Ist Sitting)
(1) 1000 (2) 1250
(3) 35 (4) 47 (3) 5200 (4) 2500
4. The sum of all natural numbers
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 27.07.2008 (First
between 100 and 200, which are
Exam. 20.10.2013) Sitting)
multiples of 3 is :
19. The digit in unit’s place of the 13. The sum of all the 3-digit num-
(1) 5000 (2) 4950 bers, each of which on division
product 49237 × 3995 × 738 ×
(3) 4980 (4) 4900 by 5 leaves remainder 3, is
83 × 9 is
(SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000 (1) 180 (2)1550
(1) 0 (2) 7 (Ist Sitting) (3) 6995 (4)99090
(3) 5 (4) 6 5. The sum of the squares of three (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 27.07.2008
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC consecutive natural numbers is (Second Sitting)
Exam. 16.11.2014 2030. Then, what is the middle 14. The sum of all the 3-digit num-
20. By interchanging the digits of a number? bers is
two digit number we get a num- (1) 25 (2) 26 (1) 98901 (2)494550
ber which is four times the orig- (3) 8991 (4)899
(3) 27 (4) 28
inal number minus 24. If the (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 27.07.2008
(SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000
unit’s digit of the original num- (Second Sitting)
(IInd Sitting)
ber exceeds its ten’s digit by 7, 15. Out of six consecutive natural
then original number is 6. The sum of three consecutive odd
natural numbers is 87. The numbers, if the sum of first three
(1) 29 (2) 36 is 27, what is the sum of the
smallest of these numbers is :
other three ?
(3) 58 (4) 18 (1) 29 (2) 31
(1) 36 (2) 35
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam, 2014 (3) 23 (4) 27
(3) 25 (4) 24
12.04.2015 (Kolkata Region) (SSC CGL Exam. 24.02.2002 (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 16.05.2010
(TF No. 789 TH 7) (Ist Sitting) (Second Sitting)

SME–40
NUMBER SYSTEM
16. Which one of the following is a 24. Find the sum of all positive mul- 1 ; 0.444
factor of the sum of first twenty- tiples of 3 less than 50 3. Given that 0.111 ..... =
five natural numbers ? 9
(1) 400 (2) 404
(1) 26 (2) 24 is equal to :
(3) 408 (4) 412
(3) 13 (4) 12 1 2
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 21.09.2014 (1) (2)
(SSC CISF ASI
25. What is the arithmetic mean of 90 45
Exam 29.08.2010 (Paper-1)
17. The sum of all even numbers first 20 odd natural numbers ? 1 4
between 21 and 51 is (1) 19 (2) 17 (3) (4)
99 9
(1) 518 (2) 540 (3) 22 (4) 20
(SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000
(3) 560 (4) 596 (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 16.08.2015
(Ist Sitting)
(SSC CISF ASI (Ist Sitting) TF No. 3196279)
Exam 29.08.2010 (Paper-1) · · ·
26. Two positive whole numbers are 4. 8.31+ 0. 6+ 0.00 2 is equal to:
18. The sum of four consecutive
such that the sum of the first
even numbers is 748. The small- ··· ··
number and twice the second (1) 8. 912 (2) 8. 912
est among them is
number is 8 and their difference
(1) 188 (2) 186 · · ·
is 2. The numbers are :
(3) 184 (4) 174 (3) 8. 9 7 9 (4) 8. 9 7 9
(SSC CISF ASI (1) 7,5 (2) 6,4
(SSC CGL Exam. 24.02.2002
Exam 29.08.2010 (Paper-1) (3) 4,2 (4) 3,5 (Ist Sitting)
19. If the sum of five consecutive in- (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
tegers is S, then the largest of & PA/SA Exam, 06.12.2015
(IInd Sitting) TF No. 3441135)
e
5. The value of 0. 63 + 0.37 is j
those integers in terms of’S is
27. The sum of three consecutive 100
S – 10 S+4 (1) 1 (2)
(1) (2) natural numbers divisible by 3 99
5 4
is 45. The smallest number is :
S+5 S + 10 (1) 18 (2) 3 99 100
(3) (4) (3) (4)
4 5 (3) 12 (4) 9 100 33
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. (SSC CAPFs (CPO) SI & ASI, (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
04.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (East Zone) Delhi Police Exam. 20.03.2016) Exam. 28.10.2012 (Ist Sitting)
20. The sum of all those prime num- (IInd Sitting)
bers which are not greater 28. The sum of three consecutive 6. e0.11 + 0. 22j × 3 is equal to
than17 is natural numbers each divisible
(1) 59 (2) 58 by 5, is 225. The largest among (1) 3 (2) 1. 9
(3) 41 (4) 42 them is (3) 1 (4) 0. 3
(SSC Constable (GD) & Rifleman (1) 85 (2) 75
(GD) Exam. 22.04.2012 (IInd Sitting) (SSC CPO S.I.
(3) 70 (4) 80 Exam. 12.12.2010 (Paper-I)
21. The sum of the squares of 3 con-
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
secutive positive numbers is 7 . Find the value of
Exam. 28.08.2016) (IInd Sitting)
365. The sum of the numbers is 1 494
(1) 30 (2) 33 + 999 ´ 99
(3) 36 (4) 45
TYPE–VII 5 495
(SSC Multi-Tasking (Non-Technical) (1) 90000 (2) 99000
Staff Exam. 22.02.2011) 1. If we write 45 as sum of four (3) 90900 (4) 99990
numbers so that when 2 is (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 11.05.2003
22. Find three consecutive numbers
added to first number, 2 sub- (Second Sitting)
such that twice the first, three
tracted from second number, 8. If * means adding 6 times the
times the second and four times
third multiplied by 2 and fourth second number to the first num-
the third together make 191.
divided by 2, we get the same ber then (1 * 2) * 3 equals :
(1) 19, 20, 21 (2) 21, 22, 23 result, then the four numbers (1) 121 (2) 31
(3) 20, 21, 22 (4) 22, 23, 24 are : (3) 93 (4) 91
(SSC Multi-Tasking Staff (1) 1, 8, 15, 21 (2) 8, 12, 5, 20 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 11.05.2003
Exam. 24.03.2013, Ist Sitting) (First Sitting)
(3) 8, 12, 10, 15 (4)2, 12, 5, 26
23. The sum of three consecutive odd (SSC CGL Exam. 04.07.1999 995
natural numbers each divisible 9. The value of 999 ´ 999 is
(IInd Sitting) 999
by 3 is 72. What is the largest 2. 12345679 × 72 is equal to :
among them? (1) 990809 (2) 998996
(1) 88888888 (2) 999999998
(1) 21 (2) 24 (3) 999824 (4) 998999
(3) 888888888 (4) 898989898
(3) 27 (4) 36 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 11.05.2003
(SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000
(SSC CGL Exam. 04.07.1999 (Ist Sitting) & (SSC CGL Prelim
(Ist Sitting)
(Ist Sitting) Exam. 27.07.2008 (IInd Sitting)

SME–41
NUMBER SYSTEM

17. 2.8768 is equal to 25. Sum of two numbers is 40 and


10. 1.2 ´ 0. 03 =
their product is 375. What will
(1) 0. 04 (2) 0.036 4394 292 be the sum of their reciprocals?
(1) 2 (2) 2
4995 333
(3) 1.13 (4) 0. 037 8 1
9 878 (1) (2)
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 06.09.2009) 75 40
(3) 2 (4) 2
11. Given that 10 999
1 1 (SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 03.09.2006) 75 75
3.718 = ; then (3) (4)
0.2689 0.0003718 18. Numbers 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, ....., 196, 8 4
is equal to 198, 200 are multiplied togeth- (SSC CGL Exam. 04.07.1999
(1) 2689 (2) 2.689 er. The number of zeros at the (Ist Sitting)
(3) 26890 (4) 0.2689 end of the product on the right 26. The sum and product of two
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 04.02.2007 will be equal to — numbers are 12 and 35 respec-
(Second Sitting) (1) 21 (2)22
12. If a and b are two distinct natu- tively. What will be the sum of
(3) 24 (4) 25
ral numbers, which one of the their reciprocals?
(SSC Data Entry Operator
following is true ? Exam. 31.08.2008) 1 1
19. 7, 77, 77, 777 ÷ 77 equals (1) (2)
(1) a +b > a + b 3 5
(1) 1111 (2) 101001
(2) a + b = a + b (3) 10101 (4) 1010101 12 35
(SSC Data Entry Operator (3) (4)
35 12
(3) a +b < a + b Exam. 02.08.2009)
(SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000
20. 8.31 + 0. 6 + 0.002 is equal to (Ist Sitting)
(4) ab = 1
(1) 8. 912 (2) 8.912 27. If the sum of two numbers is 3
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 16.12.2007) and the sum of their squares is
13. Which one of the following num- (3) 8.979 (4) 8.979
12,then their product is equal to :
bers is not a square of any nat- (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005
ural number ? (Second Sitting) 3 2
(1) (2)
(1) 17956 (2) 18225 21. The value of 0. 2 + 0. 3 + 0. 32 is : 2 3
(3) 63592 (4) 53361
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 27.07.2008 (1) 0. 87 (2) 0. 77 3 2
(3) – (4) –
(Second Sitting) (3) 0. 82 (4) 0. 86 2 3
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005 (SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000
14. 0142857
. ¸ 0.285714 is equal
(First Sitting) (Ist Sitting)
to
28. 800 chocolates were distributed
(1) 10 (2) 2 e
22. The value of 0. 63 + 0.37 is j among the students of a class.
1 1 East student got twice as many
(3) (4) 100 chocolates as the number of stu-
2 3 (1) 1 (2)
99 dents in the class. The number
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 04.02.2007
(First Sitting) 99 100 of students in the class was :
(3) (4) (1) 25 (2) 30
15. The difference of 5. 76 and 2. 3 100 33
(3) 35 (4) 20
is (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
Exam. 28.10.2012 (Ist Sitting) (SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000
(1) 2. 54 (2) 3. 73 (Ist Sitting)
51.84
(3) 3. 46 (4) 3. 43 23. If = 12, then the value of 29. The numbers 2, 4, 6, 8 ...., 98,
4.32 100 are multiplied together. The
(SSC CISF ASI
Exam 29.08.2010 (Paper-1) 0.005184 number of zeros at the end of
16. When simplified the product is the product must be :
0.432
(1) 13 (2) 12
F1 – 1 I F1 – 1 I F1 – 1 I ........F1 – 1 I , (1) 0.12 (2) 0.012
H 3K H 4 K H 5K H n K (3) 0.0012 (4) 1.2
(SSC Assistant Grade-III
(3) 11 (4) 10
(SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000
it becomes : Exam. 11.11.2012 (IInd Sitting) (Ist Sitting)
1 2 24. The value of 30. How many digi ts in all are
(1) (2)
n n FG1 + 1 IJ FG1 + 1 IJ FG1 + 1 IJ..... FG1 + 1 IJ is required to write numbers from

a f
2 n –1 2 H 2 K H 3 K H 4 K H 120 K 1 to 50?
(1) 100 (2) 92
(3) (4) (1) 30 (2) 40.5
n n (n + 1) (3) 91 (4) 50
(3) 60.5 (4) 121
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 27.02.2000 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 11.05.2003 (SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000
(First Sitting) (Second Sitting) (IInd Sitting)

SME–42
NUMBER SYSTEM
31. If doubling a number and adding 37. The sum and product of two (1) 40 (2) 16
20 to the result gives the same numbers are 10 and 24 respec- (3) 20 (4) 100
answer as m ul tiplying the tively. The sum of their recipro- (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 11.05.2003
number by 8 and taking away 4 cals is (First Sitting)
from the product, the number 44. Thrice the square of a natural
1 5
is : (1) (2) number decreased by four times
(1) 2 (2) 3
2 12 the number is equal to 50 more
(3) 4 (4) 6 7 12 than the number. The number is:
(SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000 (3) (4) (1) 4 (2) 5
12 5
(IInd Sitting) (3) 10 (4) 6
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 24.02.2002
32. A number of friends decided to go (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 11.05.2003
(Middle Zone)
on a picnic and planned to spend (First Sitting)
108 on eatables. Three of them
F 1 2 3
38. GH 99 7 + 99 7 + 99 7 + 99
4 5
+ 99 + 99
6 IJ 45. The difference between two posi-
however did not turn up. As a
7 7 7 K tive numbers is 3. If the sum of
consequence each one of the is equal to their squares is 369, then the
remaining had to contribute 3 (1) 603 (2) 600 sum of the numbers is :
extra. The number of them who (3) 598 (4) 597 (1) 81 (2) 33
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
attended the picnic was : (3) 27 (4) 25
Exam. 28.11.2010 (IInd Sitting) (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 11.05.2003
(1) 15 (2) 12
39. 380 mangoes are distributed (First Sitting)
(3) 9 (4) 6
among some boys and girls who 46. A number consists of two digits
(SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000 are 85 in number. Each boy gets
(IInd Sitting) such that the digit in the ten’s
four mangoes and each girl gets
33. The numbers 1, 3, 5,7 .., 99 place is less by 2 than the digit
five. The number of boys is
and128 are multiplied together. in the unit’s place. Three times
(1) 15 (2) 38
The number of zeros at the end (3) 40 (4) 45 6
of the product must be : (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 24.02.2002 the number added to times
7
(1) 19 (2) 22 (Middle Zone)
(3) 7 (4) Nil the number obtained by revers-
40. The product of two positive
(SSC CGL Exam. 27.02.2000 ing the digits equals 108. The
numbers is 2500. If one number
(IInd Sitting) is four times the other, then the sum of digits in the number is :
34. The sum of the squares of two sum of the two numbers is : (1) 8 (2) 9
positive numbers is 100 and (1) 25 (2) 125 (3) 6 (4) 7
difference of their squares is 28. (3) 225 (4) 250 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 11.05.2003
Find the sum of the numbers : (SSC CGL Exam. 24.02.2002 (First Sitting)
(1) 12 (2) 13 (IInd Sitting) 47. Of the three numbers, the sec-
(3) 14 (4) 15 41. In a two digit number if it is ond is twice the first and it is
(SSC CGL Exam. 24.02.2002 known that its units digit ex- also thrice the third. If the av-
(Ist Sitting) ceeds its tens digit by 2 and that erage of three numbers is 44,
35. The simplified value of the product of the given number the difference of the first num-
FG1– 1IJ FG1– 1 IJ FG1– 1IJ.... FG1– 1 IJ FG1– 1 IJ and the sum of its digits is equal ber and the third number is :
H 3K H 4K H 5K H 99K H 100K to 144, then the number is
(1) 46 (2) 42
(1) 24 (2) 18
is (3) 12 (4) 6
(3) 26 (4) 24 (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 11.05.2003
2 1 (SSC CPO S.I. (First Sitting)
(1) (2) Exam. 12.01.2003)
99 25 48. A two digit number is five times
42. In a test, 1 mark is awarded for the sum of its digits. If 9 is
1 1 each correct answer and one
(3) (4) added to the number, the digits
50 100 mark is deducted for each wrong
interchange their positions. The
answer. If a boy answers all 20
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 11.05.2003 sum of digits of the number is :
items of the test and gets 8
(Ist Sitting) & (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. (1) 11 (2) 9
13.11.2205 (Ist Sitting) & (SSC CGL marks, the number of questions
answered correct by him was (3) 7 (4) 6
Prelim Exam. 27.07.2008 (IInd Sitting) (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 08.02.2004
(1) 16 (2) 14
36. The product of two numbers is (Second Sitting)
(3) 12 (4) 8
120. The sum of their squares is (SSC CPO S.I. 49. How many numbers less than
289. The difference of these two Exam. 12.01.2003) 1000 are multiples of both 10
numbers is 43. A number of boys raised 400 and 13 ?
(1) 9 (2) 7 for a famine relief fund, each (1) 9 (2) 8
(3) 8 (4) 6 boy giving as many 25 paise (3) 6 (4) 7
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 24.02.2002
coins as there were boys. The (SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005
(Middle Zone) number of boys was : (First Sitting)

SME–43
NUMBER SYSTEM
50. The number 1, 2, 3, 4, ...., 1000 57. Of the three numbers, the sec- 64. If a and b are odd numbers, then
are multiplied together. The ond is twice the first and is also which of the following is even ?
number of zeros at the end (on thrice the third. If the average of (1) a + b + ab (2) a + b – 1
the right) of the product must these three numbers is 44, the (3) a + b + 1 (4) a + b + 2ab
be : largest number is (SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam 26.06.2011
(1) 30 (2) 200 (1) 24 (2) 36 (Second Sitting)
(3) 211 (4) 249 (3) 72 (4) 108 65. If two numbers x and y
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005
(SSC Section Officer (Commercial Audit) separately divided by a number
(First Sitting)
Exam. 30.09.2007 (Second Sitting) d, remainders obtained are 4375
51. If the difference of two numbers
58. The sum of the digits of a two and 2986 respectively. If the sum
is 3 and the difference of their
squares is 39, then the larger digit number is 10. The number of the numbers i.e (x+y) i s
number is formed by reversing the digits is divided by the same number d
(1) 8 (2) 9 18 less than the original num- remainder obtained is 2361. The
(3) 12 (4) 13 ber. Find the original number. value of number d is
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005 (1) 81 (2) 46 (1) 7361 (2) 5000
(IInd Sitting) & SSC CHSL DEO (3) 64 (4) 60 (3) 4000 (4) 2542
& LDC Exam. 04.11.2012) (SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 06.09.2009) (SSC CPO S.I. Exam.09.11.2008)
52. 7 is added to a certain number; 59. Five times of a positive integer is 66. A farmer divides his herd of n
the sum is multiplied by 5; the equal to 3 less than twice the
product is divided by 9 and 3 is cows among his four sons so that
square of that number. The num- the first son gets one – half the
subtracted from the quotient. ber is
Thus if the remainder left is 12, herd, the second son gets one –
(1) 3 (2) 13
what was the original number ? fourth, the third son gets one –
(3) 23 (4) 33
(1) 30 (2) 20 fifth and the fourth son gets 7
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 06.09.2009)
(3) 40 (4) 60 cows. The value of n is
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005 60. The product of two numbers is
(1) 80 (2) 100
(Second Sitting) 24 times the difference of these
(3) 140 (4) 180
53. On multiplying a number by 7, two numbers. If the sum of these
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 09.11.2008)
all the digits in the product ap- numbers is 14, the larger num-
67. In an examination, a student
pear as 3’s. the smallest such ber is
scores 4 marks for every correct
number is (1) 9 (2) 8
answer and loses 1 mark for ev-
(1) 47649 (2) 47719 (3) 7 (4) 10
(3) 47619 (4) 48619 ery wrong answer. A student at-
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 06.09.2009)
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 03.09.2006) 61. The product of two numbers is tempted all the 200 questions
54. A 2-digit number is 3 times the and scored in all 200 marks. The
sum of its digits. If 45 is added to 1 number of questions, he an-
0.008. One of the number is
the number, its digits are inter- 5 swered correctly was
changed. The sum of digits of the of the other. The smaller num- (1) 82 (2) 80
number is ber is (3) 68 (4) 60
(1) 11 (2) 9 (1) 0.2 (2) 0.4 (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 16.05.2010
(3) 7 (4) 5 (3) 0.02 (4) 0.04 (Second Sitting)
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 04.02.2007
(SSC SAS Exam 26.06.2010 68. In an examination, a student
(First Sitting)
(Paper-1) scores 4 marks for every correct
55. The numbers 2272 and 875 are
62. I multiplied a natural number by answer and loses 1 mark for ev-
divided by a 3-digit number N,
giving the same remainders. The 18 and another by 21 and added ery wrong answer. If he attempts
sum of the digits of N is the products. Which one of the all 75 questions and secures 125
(1) 10 (2) 11 following could be the sum? marks, the number of questions
(3) 12 (4) 13 (1) 2007 (2) 2008
he attemtpts correctly is
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 04.02.2007 (3) 2006 (4) 2002
(First Sitting) (SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam 19.06.2011 (1) 35 (2) 40
56. The sum and product of two (First Sitting) (3) 42 (4) 46
numbers are 12 and 35 respec- 63. If the sum of two numbers be (SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam. 26.06.2011
tively. The sum of their recipro- multiplied by each number sep- (First Sitting)
cals will be arately, the products so obtained 69. The product of two numbers is
12 1 are 247 and 114. The sum of the 120 and the sum of their
(1) (2) numbers is squares is 289. The sum of the
35 35
(1) 19 (2) 20 two numbers is
35 7 (1) 23 (2)7
(3) (4) (3) 21 (4) 23
8 32 (3) 13 (4) 169
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 04.02.2007 (SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam 26.06.2011
(SSC Data Entry Operator
(First Sitting) (First Sitting)
Exam. 31.08.2008)

SME–44
NUMBER SYSTEM
70. The sum and product of two 76. If the digits in the unit and the
95
numbers are 11 and 18 respec- ten’s places of a three digit num- 82. The value of 99 ´ 99 is
tively. The sum of their recipro- 99
ber are interchanged, a new
cals is number is for med, which is (1) 9798 (2) 9997
2 11 greater than the original number (3) 9898 (4) 9896
(1) (2) by 63. Suppose the digit in the (SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 06.09.2009)
11 2
unit place of the original num- 83. There are 50 boxes and 50 per-
18 11
(3) (4) ber be x. Then, all the possible sons. Person 1 keeps 1 marble
11 18 values of x are in every box. Person 2 keeps 2
(SSC Data Entry Operator (1) 7, 8, 9 (2) 2, 7, 9 marbles in every 2nd box, per-
Exam. 02.08.2009)
(3) 0, 1, 2 (4) 1, 2, 8 son 3 keeps 3 marbles in every
71. A man ate 100 grapes in 5 days. (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC third box. This process goes on
Each day, he ate 6 more grapes Exam. 11.12.2011
than those he ate on the earlier till person 50 keeps 50 marbles
(Ist Sitting (East Zone) in the 50th box. Find the total
day. How many grapes did he eat
77. The sum of a natural number number of marbles kept in the
on the first day ?
and its square equals the prod- 50th box.
(1) 8 (2) 12
(3) 54 (4) 76 uct of the first three prime num- (1) 43 (2) 78
(SSC Data Entry Operator bers. The number is
(3) 6 (4) 93
Exam. 02.08.2009) (1) 2 (2) 3
(SSC FCI Assistant Grade-III Main
72. Instead of multiplying a number (3) 5 (4) 6
Exam. 07.04.2013)
by 0.72, a student multiplied it (SSC Constable (GD) & Rifleman
by 7.2. If his answer was 2592 (GD) Exam. 22.04.2012 (Ist Sitting)
84. 252 m of pant cloth and 141 m
more than the correct answer, of shirt cloth are available in a
78. A man has some hens and cows.
then the original number was cloth store. To stitch one pant
If the number of heads : number
(1) 400 (2) 420 of feet = 12 : 35, find out the 1 3
(3) 500 (4) 560 number of hens, if the number and one shirt, 2 m and 1
2 4
(SSC Data Entry Operator
of heads alone is 48. m of cloth are needed respec-
Exam. 02.08.2009)
73. Of the three numbers, the sum (1) 28 (2) 26 tively. Then the approximate
of the first two is 55, sum of the (3) 24 (4) 22 number of pants and shirts that
second and third is 65 and sum (SSC Constable (GD) & Rifleman can be made out of it are
of third with thrice of the first is (GD) Exam. 22.04.2012 (Ist Sitting) (1) (80,100) (2) (100,80)
110. The third number is (3) (100,90) (4) (90,80)
(1) 25 (2) 30 79. The length of a road is one kilo-
(SSC FCI Assistant Grade-III Main
(3) 35 (4) 28 metre. The number of plants re-
Exam. 07.04.2013)
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. quired for plantation at a gap of
85. The number 323 has
04.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (North Zone) 20 metres in both sides of the
74. A number consists of two digits road is (1) three prime factors
and the digit in the ten’s place (2) five prime factors
(1) 102 (2) 100
exceeds that in the unit’s place (3) two prime factors
(3) 51 (4) 50
by 5. If 5 times the sum of the (4) no prime factor
digits be subtracted from the (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
(SSC CGL Tier-I
number, the digits of the num- Exam. 28.10.2012 (Ist Sitting)
Exam. 21.04.2013 IInd Sitting)
ber are reversed. Then the sum 98 86. The product of two positive
of digits of the number is 80. 999 ×99 is equal to : numbers is 2500. If one number
(1) 11 (2) 7 99
is four times the other, the sum
(3) 9 (4) 13 (1) 98999 (2) 99899
of the two numbers is :
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. (3) 99989 (4) 99998
04.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (North Zone) (1) 25 (2) 125
(SSC CHSL DEO Entry Operator (3) 225 (4) 250
75. In a three-digit number, the dig-
& LDC Exam. 28.11.2010
it at the hundred’s place is two (SSC CGL Exam. 24.02.2002
(Ist Sitting)
times the digit at the unit’s place (IInd Sitting)
and the sum of the digits is 18. 81. The sum of a two digit number 87. Mohan gets 3 marks for each cor-
If the digits are reversed, the and the number obtained by re- rect sum and loses 2 marks for
number is reduced by 396. The versing its digits is a square each wrong sum. He attempts 30
difference of hundred’s and ten’s number. How many such num- sums and obtains 40 marks. The
digit of the number is bers are there ? number of sums solved correctly
(1) 1 (2) 2 (1) 5 (2) 6 is :
(3) 3 (4) 5
(3) 7 (4) 8 (1) 15 (2) 20
(SSCCHSL DEO & LDC
Exam. 04.12.2011 (SSC Multi-Tasking (Non-Technical) (3) 25 (4) 10
(IInd Sitting (East Zone) Staff Exam. 27.02.2011) (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 21.04.2013)

SME–45
NUMBER SYSTEM
95. ‘a’ divides 228 leaving a 102. Among the following statements,
a remainder 18. The biggest two–
88. If a * b = a + b + , then the the statement which is not cor-
b digit value of ‘a’ is rect is :
value of 12 * 4 is : (1) 70 (2) 21 (1) Every natural number is an
(1) 20 (2) 21 (3) 35 (4) 30 integer.
(3) 48 (4) 19 (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC (2) Every natural number is a
Exam. 20.10.2013) real number.
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 21.04.2013)
96. In a division sum, the divisor is (3) Every real number is a ratio-
89. Find the maximum number of
12 times the quotient and 5 nal number.
trees which can be planted, 20 times the remainder. If the re-
metres apart, on the two sides of (4) Every integer is a rational
mainder is 36 , then the number.
a straight road 1760 metres long dividend is (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
(1) 180 (2) 178
(1) 2706 (2) 2796 & PA/SA Exam, 15.11.2015
(3) 174 (4) 176 (IInd Sitting) TF No. 7203752)
(3) 2736 (4) 2826
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 21.04.2013) 103. If p = – 0.12, q = –0.01 and r = –
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
90. A and B have together three times Exam. 27.10.2013 IInd Sitting) 0.015, then the correct relation-
what B and C have, while A, B, 97. The sum of two number is 8 and ship among the three is :
C together have thirty rupees their product is 15. The sum of (1) q > p > r (2) p > r > q
more than that of A. If B has 5 their reciprocals is (3) p > q > r (3) p < r < q
times that of C, then A has (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
8 15
(A) 60 (2) 65 (1) (2) & PA/SA Exam, 06.12.2015
15 8 (IInd Sitting) TF No. 3441135)
(3) 75 (4) 45 (3) 23 (4) 7
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 21.04.2013) 104. In an exam the sum of the scores
(SSC CHSL DEO
91. If sum of two numbers be a and & LDC Exam. 28.11.2010
of A and B is 120, that of B and
C is 130 and that of C and A is
their product be b, then the sum (IInd Sitting)
140. Then the score of C is :
of their reciprocals is 98. A number is doubled and 9 is
added. If the resultant is trebled, (1) 65 (2) 75
1 1 b it becomes 75. What is that (3) 70 (4) 60
(1) + (2)
a b a number ? (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
(1) 6 (2) 3.5 & PA/SA Exam, 06.12.2015
a 1 (3) 8 (4) None of these (IInd Sitting) TF No. 3441135)
(3) (4) 105. What decimal of a week is an
b ab (SSC CGL Exam. 04.07.1999
(IInd Sitting) hour ?
(SSC Constable (GD)
Exam. 12.05.2013 Ist Sitting) 99. If the operation ‘ * ’ is defined by (1) 0.0059 (2) 0.0062
a * b = a + b – ab, then 5 * 7 (3) 0.062 (4) 0.059
FG 999 999 ´ 7IJ equals (SSC CPO Exam. 06.06.2016)
92.
H 1000 K is equal to: (1) 12
(3) –23
(2) –47
(4) 35
(Ist Sitting)
106. The value of x in the following
7 7 (SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi equation is :
(1) 6993 (2) 7000 Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014 . . . .
1000 1000
100. A man engaged a servant on the 0.3+ 0. 6 + 0. 7 + 0. 8 = x
7 993 condition that he would pay him
(3) 6633 (4) 6999 90 and a turban after service 3
1000 1000 of one year. He served only for (1) 5.3 (2) 2
10
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 16.12.2007) nine months and received the
93. In a factory one out of every 9 is turban and an amount of 65. 2 . .
The price of turban is (3) 2 (4) 2.3 5
a female worker. If the number 3
of female workers is 125, the (1) 25 (2) 18.75 (SSC CAPFs (CPO) SI & ASI,
total number of workers is (3) 10 (4) 2.50 Delhi Police Exam. 20.03.2016)
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC (IInd Sitting)
(1) 1250 (2) 1125
(3)1025 (4) 1000 Exam. 16.11.2014 7. Natu and Buchku each have cer-
(SSC Constable (GD) 101. If a certain number of two digits tain number of oranges. Natu
Exam. 12.05.2013) is divided by the sum of its dig- says to Buchku, “If you give me
its, the quotient is 6 and the re- 10 of your oranges, I will have
1 2 3 mainder is 3. If the digits are re- twice the number of oranges left
94. 999 + 999 + 999 versed and the resulting number with you”. Buchku replies,“If you
7 7 7 is divided by the sum of the dig- give me 10 of your oranges, I will
4 5 6 its, the quotient is 4 and the re-
+999 + 999 + 999 have the same number of orang-
7 7 7 mainder is 9. The sum of the dig- es as left with you”. What is the
its of the number is number of oranges with Natu
is simplified to :
(1) 6 (2) 9 and Buchku, respectively ?
(1) 5997 (2) 5979
(3) 12 (4) 4 (1) 50, 20 (2) 70, 50
(3) 5994 (4) 2997
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam, 2014 (3) 20, 50 (4) 50, 70
(SSC CGL Prelim Exam. 08.02.2004
12.04.2015 (Kolkata Region) (SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE)
(Second Sitting) Exam. 12.01.2017)
(TF No. 789 TH 7)

SME–46
NUMBER SYSTEM

SHORT ANSWERS
117. (4) 118. (2) 119. (2) 120. (4) TYPE-V
121. (2) 122. (2) 123. (3) 124. (3)
1. (1) 2. (3) 3. (1) 4. (1)
TYPE-I 125. (2) 126. (4) 127. (4) 128. (3)
5. (2) 6. (1) 7. (2) 8. (4)
129. (1) 130. (3) 131. (3) 132. (2) 9. (3) 10. (1) 11. (4) 12. (2)
1. (4) 2. (1) 3. (4) 4. (4)
133. (4) 134. (2) 135. (1) 136. (2) 13. (4) 14. (4) 15. (4) 16. (1)
5. (4) 6. (4) 7. (4) 8. (2)
17. (4) 18. (4) 19. (1) 20. (1)
137. (3) 138. (2) 139. (2) 140. (1)
9. (1) 10. (2) 11. (2) 12. (2) 21. (3)
141. (1) 142. (2) 143. (3) 144. (3)
13. (2) 14. (3) 15. (4) 16. (4)
17. (4) 18. (2) 19. (1) 20. (2)
145. (1) 146. (2) 147. (4) 148. (1) TYPE-VI
149. (1) 150. (3) 151. (3) 152. (4)
21. (1) 22. (2) 1. (3) 2. (3) 3. (4) 4. (2)
153. (2) 154. (2) 155. (1) 156. (3) 5. (2) 6. (4) 7. (4) 8. (2)
TYPE-II 157. (3) 158. (3) 159. (3) 9. (3) 10. (4) 11. (4) 12. (4)
13. (4) 14. (2) 15. (1) 16. (3)
1. (2) 2. (4) 3. (4) 4. (1) TYPE-III 17. (2) 18. (3) 19. (4) 20. (2)
5. (2) 6. (2) 7. (2) 8. (2) 21. (2) 22. (3) 23. (3) 24. (3)
1. (3) 2. (1) 3. (3) 4. (2)
9. (2) 10. (2) 11. (4) 12. (1) 25. (4) 26. (3) 27. (3) 28. (4)
5. (1) 6. (4) 7. (1) 8. (1)
13. (3) 14. (2) 15. (4) 16. (2)
17. (4) 18. (2) 19. (3) 20. (4) 9. (1) 10. (4) 11. (1) 12. (2) TYPE-VII
21. (2) 22. (3) 23. (2) 24. (4) 13. (1) 14. (2) 15. (2) 16. (3) 1. (2) 2. (3) 3. (4) 4. (3)
25. (2) 26. (4) 27. (4) 28. (3) 17. (4) 18. (2) 19. (1) 20. (2) 5. (2) 6. (3) 7. (2) 8. (2)
29. (4 30. (3) 31. (1) 32. (4) 21. (2) 22. (2) 23. (1) 24. (3) 9. (2) 10. (4) 11. (1) 12. (3)

33. (3) 34. (4 35. (3) 36. (4) 13. (3) 14. (3) 15. (4) 16. (2)
25. (4) 26. (2) 27. (2) 28. (2)
17. (2) 18. (3) 19. (4) 20. (3)
37. (4) 38. (3) 39. (1) 40. (1) 29. (3) 30. (4) 31. (1) 32. (2)
21. (1) 22. (2) 23. (2) 24. (3)
41. (*) 42. (3) 43. (2) 44. (2) 33. (2) 34. (3) 35. (2) 36. (2) 25. (1) 26. (3) 27. (3) 28. (4)
45. (3) 46. (4) 47. (4 48. (2) 29. (3) 30. (3) 31. (3) 32. (3)
37. (3) 38. (3) 39. (2) 40. (3)
49. (4) 50. (1) 51. (4) 52. (3) 33. (3) 34. (3) 35. (3) 36. (2)
41. (1) 42. (1) 43. (4) 44. (1)
53. (2) 54. (3) 55. (2) 56. (2) 37. (2) 38. (4) 39. (4) 40. (2)
45. (4) 46. (1) 47. (3) 48. (2)
57. (3) 58. (2) 59. (3) 60. (4) 41. (4) 42. (2) 43. (1) 44. (2)
49. (3) 50. (2) 51. (1) 52. (4) 45. (3) 46. (3) 47. (3) 48. (2)
61. (1) 62. (1) 63. (1) 64. (4
53. (3) 54. (1) 55. (2) 56. (2) 49. (4) 50. (4) 51. (1) 52. (2)
65. (1) 66. (4) 67. (1) 68. (3)
57. (2) 58. (2) 59. (2) 60. (1) 53. (3) 54. (2) 55. (1) 56. (1)
69. (3) 70. (3) 71. (2) 72. (2)
57. (3) 58. (3) 59. (1) 60. (2)
73. (1) 74. (2) 75. (1) 76. (4) 61. (4) 62. (2) 63. (3) 64. (2)
61. (4) 62. (1) 63. (1) 64. (4)
77. (2) 78. (3) 79. (2) 80. (4) 65. (4) 66. (2) 67. (2) 68. (3)
65. (2) 66. (3) 67. (2) 68. (2)
81. (3) 82. (1) 83. (3) 84. (1) 69. (2) 70. (3) 71. (1) 72. (3) 69. (1) 70. (4) 71. (1) 72. (1)
85. (2) 86. (2) 87. (2) 88. (3) 73. (3) 74. (1) 75. (4) 76. (2) 73. (3) 74. (3) 75. (2) 76. (1)
89. (3) 90. (3) 91. (3) 92. (4) 77. (3) 78. (2) 79. (1) 80. (1)
77. (4) 78. (4 79. (4) 80. (4)
93. (4) 94. (4) 95. (2) 96. (4) 81. (4) 82. (4) 83. (4) 84. (2)
81. (2) 82. (1) 83. (3) 84. (1)
85. (3) 86. (2) 87. (2) 88. (4)
97. (2) 98. (1) 99. (4) 100. (2) 85. (3)
89. (2) 90. (2) 91. (3) 92. (4)
101. (3) 102. (1) 103. (2) 104. (2)
93. (2) 94. (1) 95. (1) 96. (3)
105. (2) 106. (3) 107. (1) 108. (1) TYPE-IV
97. (1) 98. (3) 99. (3) 100. (3)
109. (2) 110. (1) 111. (3) 112. (3) 1. (3) 2. (3) 3. (3) 4. (2) 101. (3) 102. (3) 103. (4) 104. (2)
113. (2) 114. (2) 115. (3) 116. (4) 5. (4) 105. (1) 106. (3) 107. (2)

SME–47
NUMBER SYSTEM
6. (4) The decimal equivalents of : 13. (2) The smallest number of 5 dig-
EXPLANATIONS 6 5
its = 10000
= 0.857 , = 0.833 , Remainder on dividing 10000 by
7 6 123 = 37
TYPE-I
\ Required number
7 4
= 0.875 , = 0.8 = 10000 + (123 – 37) = 10086
7 7 8 5
1. (4) = 1166
. ; = 0.777 14. (3) (0.1)2 = 0.01
6 9 Obviously, 0.875 is the greatest.
0.0121 = 011 . = 0.11
. ´ 011
4 7
= 0.8 and 5 = 0.714 \ is the largest fraction. 0.0004 = 0.02
5 8
7 Þ 0.01< 0.02 < 0.11 < 0.12
Therefore, the smallest number 7. (4) The smallest number of 5 dig-
15. (4) LCM of 3, 2 and 6 = 6
its = 10000
5 Now, 1 1 1
is \ (3) 3 = (32 ) 6 = (9) 6
7
1 1 1
9 9´4 36
2. (1) = =
13 13 ´ 4 52 e j
2 2 = 23 6 = (8) 6

17 17 ´ 2 34 1 1 1
= =
26 26 ´ 2 52 \ Required number = 10000 + (1) 6 = 1 ; (6 ) 6 = (6 )6
(476 – 4) 16. (4) 5 A 7
33 33
= = 10000 + 472 = 10472 3 3 5
52 52
15 19 8 B 2
8. (2) = 0.94 ; = 0.95
33 16 20
Among these is the smallest Þ A ® 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 &
52
24 34 B ® 5, 6, 7, 8,9
= 0.96 ; = 0.97
28 56 33 25 35 8B2 is exactly divisible by 3.
Again, = > \ 8 + B + 2 = multiple of 3
29 58 52
2 5 \ B = 5 or 8 Þ A = 1 or 4
3. (4) The smallest possible three- 9. (1) = 0.67 ; = 0.83
3 6 17. (4) If the number be x, then
place decimal number = 0.001
11 7 x – 31 = 75 – x
8 14 7 11 = 0.73 ; = 0.875
4. (4) , , , 15 8 Þ 2x = 75 + 31 = 106
15 33 13 13
10. (2) Decimal equivalents : Þ x = 53
8 18. (2) 0.7 + 016
.
= 0.533 4 9 3
15 = 0.4& ; = = 0.43 = 0.7 + 0.4 = 1.1
9 49 7
14 & & ; (0.8)2 = 0.64 0.6
= 0. 42 0.45 1.02 –
33 24
\ Least number = 0.43
= 1.02 – 0.025
7 9 = 0.995
= 0.538 =
13 49 1.2 × 0.83 = 0.996

11 1.44 = 1.2
= 0.846 9 9
13 11. (2) 0.9 = ; 0.9 = = 1, Hence, the greatest number
10 9
= 1.44
11 7 8 14 9 1
\ > > > 0.09 = = ;
13 13 15 33 90 10 2
19. (1) = 0.66
3
9 1
8 7 0. 09 = =
5. (4) = 0.32, = 0.30 99 11 3
25 23 = 0.6
5
2 1
11 14 12. (2) = 0.286 ; = 0.33
= 0.47, =0.26 7 3 8
23 53 = 0.73
11
5 3
14 = 0.833; = 0.75 11
\ is the smallest fraction. 6 4 = 0.65
53 17

SME–48
NUMBER SYSTEM
20. (2) Let the three fractions be p, q 5 ´ 144
and r, where p < q < r.
TYPE-II y= = 80
9
According to the question, 1. (2) Required remainder = \ Required difference
remainder got when 63 is divid- = 144 – 80 = 64
r 7 7
= Þr= p ed by 29 = 5 8. (2) Rule : When the second divi-
p 6 6 sor is factor of first divisor, the
1 100
Again, middle fraction 2. (4) = = 25 second remainder is obtained by
0.04 4 dividing the first remainder by
7 1 7–2 5 3. (4) The number (x y z x y z) can the second divisor.
=q= – = =
6 3 6 6 be written, after giving corre- Hence, on dividing 29 by 8, the
sponding weightage of the plac- remainder is 5.
11 es at which the digits occur, as 9. (2) Let the given number be x.
\p+q+r= 2
24 100000 x + 10000y + 1000z + Then,

5 7 59 100x + 10y + z FG x ´ 3 IJ – FG x ¸ 3 IJ = 10
Þp+
6
+
6
p =
24 = 100100x + 10010y + 1001z H 2K H 2K
= 1001 (100x + 10y + z)
7p 59 5 3 2
Þp+ = – Since 1001 is a factor, the number Þ x – x = 10
6 24 6 is divisible by 1001. 2 3

6p + 7 p 59 – 20 39 7 × 11 × 13 = 1001 9x – 4 x
Þ = =
Þ = 10
As the number is divisible by 6
6 24 24
1001, it will also be divisible by Þ 5x = 60 Þ x = 12
39 39 all three namely, 7, 11 and 13 10. (2) Here, 52 is a multiple of 13.
Þ 13p = ´6= and not by only one of these be-
24 4 Hence, the required remainder is
cause all three are factors of obtained on dividing 45 by 13.
39 3 1001.
Þp= = Required remainder = 6.
4 ´ 13 4 So, the answer is 1001.
21. (1) Decimal equivalents of frac- 4. (1) 1000 = (45 × 22) + 10 13 2
´ –
9 5 FG
´
3 IJ
tions : \ 45 – 10 = 35 to be added.
11. (4)
4 3

4 3 H4 K
4 So, the smallest number to be
=
13 FG
27 – 20
´
3IJ
3
= 1.3 added to 1000 to make the sum
exactly divisible by 45 is 35.
6

H12 4 K
–2 5. (2) Number = xy xy xy 13 7 3 13 7
= –0.2 = – ´ = –
9 = xy × 10000 + xy × 100 + xy 6 12 4 6 16
–7 = xy (10000 + 100 + 1) 104 – 21 83
= – 0.875 = xy × 10101 = =
8 48 48
6. (2) Quotient = 16
12. (1) Let number (dividend) be X.
5 Divisor = 25 × 16 = 400
= 0.42 \ X = 296 × Q + 75 where Q is
12 and remainder = 80 the quotient and can have the
\ – 0.875 < – 0.2 < 0.42 < 1.3 Dividend = Divisor × quotient + values 1, 2, 3 etc.
Remainder = 37 × 8 × Q + 37 × 2 + 1
–7 –2 5 4 = 37 (8Q + 2) + 1
i.e., < < < = 400 × 16 + 80
8 9 12 3 Thus we see that the remainder
= 6400 + 80 = 6480
22. (2) On making denominators is 1.
7. (2) Let the numbers be x and y.
equal, [Remark : When the second di-
\ xy = 11520 visor is a factor of the first divi-
3 3´3 9
= = x 9 sor, the second remainder is ob-
5 5 ´ 3 15 and = tained by dividing the first re-
y 5 mainder by the second divisor.
2 2 ´ 5 10
= = Hence, divide 75 by 37, the re-
3 3 ´ 5 15 x 9 mainder is 1].
\ xy ´ = 11520 ´
11 11 y 5 13. (3) The least number X in this
= case will be determined as follows:
15 15 Þ x2 = 2304 × 9
9 10 11 Þx= 4 X
2304 ´ 9
\ < < 5 Y – 1
15 15 15 Þ 48 × 3 = 144
3 2 11 1 – 4
Þ < < x 9
From = Y=5×1+4=9
5 3 15 y 5 we have

SME–49
NUMBER SYSTEM
X = 4 × Y + 1 = 4 × 9 + 1 = 37 19. (3) Let the numbers be x and y 26. (4) Let the least number be x.
Now, and x is greater than y.
As given, 13 x Remainder
5 37 xy = 9375 ....(i) 5 y 1
4 7 – 2 Again, 1 3
1 – 3 x
= 15 y=5×1+3=8
Hence, the respective remainders y x = 13 × 8 + 1 = 105
are 2, 3. Þ x = 15y On dividing 105 by 65, remain-
14. (2) Remainder = 4 \ From equation (i), der = 40
Þ Divisor = 3 × 4 = 12 15y × y = 9375 27. (4) A number will be exactly di-
Again, divisor = 4 × quotient visible by 18 if it is divisible by 2
9375
Þ 4 × quotient = 12 Þ y2 = = 625 and 9 both. Clearly 65043 is not
15
divisible by 2.
12
Þ Quotient = =3 Þy= 625 = 25 \ Required number = 65043
4
\ x = 15y = 15 × 25 = 375
Þ Dividend = 3 × 12 + 4 = 40
15. (4) Let the required number of 20.
\ x + y = 375 + 25 = 400
(4) On dividing the given num-
g
28. (3) ´ ´ ´ 6 4 3 2 9 ´ ´ ´ b
persons be x. ber by 119, let k be the quotient
´ ´ ´ .......( i)
According to the question, and 19 as remainder. 1 75 2
2x2 = 3042 Then, number = 119k + 19 ´ ´ ´ ´ ......(ii)
= 17 × 7k + 17 × 1 + 2
3042 ´11 49
or x2 = = 1521 = 17 (7k + 1) + 2
2 Hence, the given number when ´ ´ ´ ´ ......( iii )
or x = 1521 = 39 divided by 17, gives (7k + 1) as
quotient and 2 as remainder. ´ 213
16. (2) Number just greater than 3
21. (2) By the Binomial expansion we
which is divisible by 7 = 7 have Number at (i) = 643 – 175 = 468
Number just smaller than 200 (x + 1)n = xn + nc1 x n–1 + nc2 xn– Number at (ii) = 1752 – 114
which is divisible by 7 = 196 2 + ..... + nc
n-1 x +1 = 1638
Here, a = 7, an = 196, Here, each term except the last
Number at (iii) = 1149 – 213
d = 7, n = 8 term contains x. Obviously, each
term except the last term is ex- = 936
\ an = a + (n –1)d
actly divisible by x. Clearly, 468, 1638 and 936 are
Þ 196 = 7 + (n – 1) × 7 multiples of 234 and 234 > 213.
Following the same logic,
196 - 7 719 = (6 + 1)19 has each term ex- \ Divisor = 234
Þn–1= = 27 cept last term divisible by 6.
7 29. (4) Let the quotient be Q and the
Þ n = 27 + 1 = 28 Hence, 719 + 2 when divided by remainder be R. Then
6 leaves remainder
Note : We can find the Divisor = 7 Q = 3 R
=1 + 2 = 3
answer after dividing 200 by 7.
22. (3) Here, 357 is exactly divisible 3 3
The quotient is our answer. by 17. \Q= R= × 28 = 12
7 7
17. (4) Sum of first 60 numbers \ Required remainder = Remain-
\ Divisor = 7 Q = 7 × 12 = 84
=
b
60 60 + 1 g = 60 ´ 61 = 1830 der obtained on dividing 39 by
17 = 5 \ Dividend = Divisor × Quotient
2 2 23. (2) Number = 269 × 68 + Remainder = 84 × 12 + 28 =
The number 1830 is divisible by 61. = 269 × (67 + 1) 1008 + 28 = 1036
18. (2) The least number (dividend) = 269 × 67 + 269 30. (3) Required divisor
x is obtained as follows : Clearly, remainder is obtained on =3+4–2=5
dividing 269 by 67 that is 1. 31. (1) Let the number be 10x + y
3 x 24. (4) The remainder will be same. After interchanging the digits,
2 y –1 On dividing 9 by 6, remainder = 3 the number obtained = 10y + x
On dividing 81 by 6, remainder According to the question,
1–1 =3
Resulting number
y=2×1+1=3 25. (2) Here, 893 is exactly divisible
by 47. = 10x + y + 10y + x
x = 3 × 3 + 1 = 10 = 11x + 11y
Hence, the required remainder is
When we divide 10 by 6, the re- obtained on dividing 193 by 47. = 11 (x + y) which is exactly di-
mainder = 4 \ Remainder = 5 visible by 11.

SME–50
NUMBER SYSTEM
32. (4) If the quotient in the first case 41. (*) If (x ±1)n is divided by 46. (4) If two numbers are separate-
be x. x, the remainder is (±1)n, ly divided by a certain divisor (d)
Then, number = 5x + 3 Now, 96 – 11 == (8 + 1) 6 –11 leaving remainders r1 and r2 ,
On Squaring, the number then remainder after their sum
When it is divided by 8,
is divided by the same divisor.
= (5x + 3)2 remainder = + 1 – 11 = – 10
= r1 + r2 – d
= 25x2 + 30x + 9 When – 10 is divided by 8,
= 21 + 28 – 33 = 16
On dividing by 5, remainder remainder = – 2 i.e. – 2 + 8 = 6
=9–5=4 47. (4) Divisor = 5 × Remainder
42. (3) (17)200 = (18 –1)200
33. (3) Here, the first divisor 192 is We know that = 5 × 46 = 230
a multiple of second divisor 16. (x + a)n 230
\ Required remainder Quotient = = 23
= xn + nxn–1.a + 10
= remainder obtained by divid-
ing 54 by 16 = 6 +
a f
n n – 1 n–2 2
x a
\ Dividend = Divisor ×
34. (4) If the first divisor be a mul- 1´ 2 Quotient + Remainder
= 230 × 23 + 46
tiple of the second divisor, then
required remainder = remainder +
a fa f
n n – 1 n – 2 n–3 3
x a +.....+ a n = 5290 + 46 = 5336
obtained by dividing the first re- 1´ 2 ´ 3 48. (2) Required remainder
mainder (36) by the second divi- We see that all the terms on the = 16 – 12 = 4
sor (17) = 2 R.H.S. except an has x as one of (because 24 is a multiple of 12.)
35. (3) First number (X) = 17x + 13 its factor and hence are divisible
n n
Second number (Y) = 17y + 11 by x. So, (x +a)n is divisible by x or
not will be decided by an.
e j - e4 j
49. (4) 26n – 42n = 2
6 2

X+Y 17( x + y ) 13 + 11
\ = + Let x = 18, a = – 1 = 64n – 16n
17 17 17 and n = 200 which is divisible by 64 –16 = 48
\ Required remainder \ (18 –1)200 is divisible by 18 or 50. (1) 461 + 462 + 463
= Remainder obtained on not will depend on (–1)200 as all = 461 (1 + 4 + 42)
dividing other terms in its expansion will = 461 × 21 which is divisible by 3.
11 + 13 i.e. 24 by 17 = 7 be divisible by 18 because each 51. (4) Let the unknown number be
36. (4) Here, the first divisor (221) of them will have 18 as one of x.
is a multiple of second divisor their factors. \ 71 × x + 47 = 98 × 7
(13) Hence, required remainder (–1)200 = 1 ( Q 200 is even) Þ 71x = 686 – 47 = 639
= remainder obtained on divid- 1 is not divisible by 18 and is
ing 64 by 13 = 12 also less than 18. 639
Þx= =9=3×3
37. (4) Required remainder = Re- \ 1 is the remainder. 71
mainder obtained by dividing 22 52. (3) Of the given alternatives,
4
by 5.
Remainder = 4
31
43. (2) 2 = 2
8
e j ¸ 2 = (256)4 ÷2 When 64 is divided by 3, remain-
der = 1
38. (3) 31 = 3; 32 = 9; 33 = 27; 34 = ......6 When 65 is divided by 5, remain-
81; 35 = 243 = = ...... 3 der = 0
2
i.e. unit’s digit is repeated after 53. (2) Here, the first divisor (91) is
index 4. Clearly, the remainder will be 3 a multiple of second divisor (13).
when divided by 5.
Remainder after dividing 21 by \ Required remainder = Re-
4=1 Illustration : mainder obtained on dividing 17
\ Unit’s digit in the expansion 23 ÷ 5 gives remainder = 3 by 13 = 4
of (3) 21 = 3 83 ÷ 5 gives remainder = 3 54. (3) x + y = 120 ....... (i)
\ Remainder after dividing by 5 44. (2) Let the number be x.
x
=3 x + 12
39. (1) Here, the first divisor i.e. 49 is \ = 112 y = 5
6
multiple of second divisor i.e. 7. Þ x = 5y
Þ x + 12 = 672
\ Required remaind er = From, equation (i),
Remainder obtained on dividing Þ x = 672 – 12 = 660
5y + y = 120
32 by 7 = 4 660 Þ 6y = 120 Þ y = 20
40. (1) Here, the first divisor (36) is \ Correct answer = + 12
6 \ x = 120 – 20 = 100
exactly divisible by the second
= 110 + 12 = 122 \ Difference = 100 – 20 = 80
divisor (12).
45. (3) Here, 387 is a multiple of 43. 55. (2) Here, 280 is a multiple of 35.
\ Required remainder
\ Remainder obtained on divid- \ Required remainder
= Remainder obtained after 19
ing 48 by 43 i.e. 5 is the required = Remainder obtained on divid-
is divided by 12 = 7
remainder. ing 115 by 35 = 10

SME–51
NUMBER SYSTEM
56. (2) Here, first divisor (175) is a It is an Arithmetic Progression Method 2 :
multiple of second divisor (25). with common difference = 60 Sum of digits at odd places = 2 +
\ Required remainder = Remain- By tn = a + (n – 1)d 6 + 0 = 8, sum of digits at even
der obtained on dividing 132 by 780 = 420 + (n – 1) × 60 places = 4 + 3 + 8 = 15. For di-
25 = 7 Þ (n – 1) × 60 = 780 – 420 visibility by 11, difference i.e.,
57. (3) We have to find such num- (15 – 8) = 0 or mutiple of 11.
= 360
bers which are divisible by 12 \ The required number = 7
Þ (n – 1) = 360 ÷ 60 = 6
(LCM of 4 and 6). 70. (3) 571 + 572 + 573
Number of numbers divisible by Þn=6+1=7 = 571 (1 + 5 + 52)
12 and lying between 1 to 600 63. (1) The no. is of the form (425x = 571 × 31 which is exactly divis-
+ 45) First divisor (425) is mul- ible by 155.
600 tiple of second divisor (17).
= - 1 = 49 71. (2) [n] < n (integer); (n) > n (inte-
12 \ Required remainder ger)
Number of numbers divisible by = Remainder obtained on divid- \ Expression
100 ing 45 by 17 = 11 =2×1–2÷1+2=2
12 from 1 to 100 = =8 72. (2) Required number
12 64. (4) Here, the first divisor (289) is
\ Required answer a multiple of second divisor (17). = 1.1 – 0.01 = 1.09
= 49 – 8 = 41 \ Required remainder = Remain- 998
der obtained on dividing 18 by 73. (1) 999 ´ 999
58. (2) (x – 2) is a factor of polynomi- 999
al P (x) = x3 + x2 – 5x + l. 17 = 1
\ P(2) = 0 (i.e., on putting x = 2) 65. (1) n = 6q + 4 FG 999 + 998 IJ ´ 999
Þ 23 + 2 2 – 5 × 2 + l = 0 2n = 12q + 8
= H 999 K
Þ 8 + 4 – 10 + l = 0 Dividing 8 by 6 the remainder = 2 = 9992 + 998
Þl+2=0 66. (4) If the remainder be x, then = (1000 – 1)2 + 998
Þ l = –2 (11284 – x ) and (7655 – x ) are = 1000000 – 2000 + 1 + 998
59. (3) Required Number divisible by three digit number. = 998999
i.e. (11284 – x ) – (7655 – x ) 74. (2) Expression
= 100x + 10y + z
= 3629 is divisible by that num- = 271 (1 +2 + 4 + 8)
Q 10y + z = 6m ber. = 271 × 15 = 271 × 3 × 5
\ Number = 100x + 6m, where Which is exactly divisible by 10.
3629 = 19 × 191
m is a positive integer.
Hence, required number = 191 75. (1) Let required number be x.
= 2 (50x + 3m)
Sum of digits = 1 + 9 + 1 = 11 \ 0.022 × x = 66
60. (4) If the first part be x, then sec-
ond part = 37 – x. 67. (1) Divisor = 6 × 2 = 12 66
Þx= = 3000
Again, Divisor = 3 × quotient 0.022
\ x × 5 + (37 – x) 11 = 227
76. (4) 325 + 326 + 327 + 328
Þ 5x + 407 – 11x = 227 12 = 325 (1 + 3 + 32 + 33)
\ Quotient = =4
Þ 6x = 407 – 227 = 180 3 = 325 (1 + 3 + 9 + 27)
Þ x = 30 Dividend = 12 × 4 + 2 = 325 × 40, which is clearly di-
\ Second part = 7 visible by 30.
= 48 + 2 = 50
61. (1) 31 = 3, 32 = 9, 77. (2) \ Required sum
68. (3) 216 – 1 = (28)2–1
33 = 27, 34 = 81 = (28+1) (28–1) = 0.3467 + 01333
. = 0.4801
i.e. the unit’s digit = odd num- = (256 + 1) (256 – 1) Illustration = 0.34 67 67
ber 013
. 33 33
= 257 × 255 which is exactly di-
\ Hence, both numbers are di- visible by 17.
0.48 01 00
visible by 2. 78. (3) Tricky Approach
62. (1) LCM of 4, 5 and 6 = 60 Taking approximate values, we
69. (3)
Quotient on dividing 800 by 60 have
= 13
Quotient on dividing 400 by 60
3 ´ 4126 ´ 3
= 0.2046 » 0.2
=6 64 ´ 2835
\ Required answer = 13 – 6 = 7 79. (2) Expression
Method 2 : 1 FG
+ 999 +
692
´ 99
IJ
First number greater than 400
that is divisible by 60 = 420
=
7 H 693 K
Smaller number than 800 that \ The required number 1 692
is divisible by 60 = 780 = 11 – 4 = 7 = + 999 ´ 99 + ´ 99
7 693

SME–52
NUMBER SYSTEM

89. (3) Number = 100x + 10y + z by 101, which is the smallest


1 692
= + (1000 - 1) 99 + three-digit prime number.
7 7 Sum of digits = x + y + z
97. (2) The least number of 5 digits =
1 692 Difference = 100x + 10y + z – x – 10000
= + + 99000 - 99 y–z
7 7
= 99x + 9y = 9 (11x + y) g
41 10000 243
82
b
693 90. (3) divisible by (11 × 13)
= + 99000 - 99
7 91. (3) Any number is divisible by 11 180
when the differences of alterna- 164
= 99 + 99000 – 99 = 99000
80. (4) xn–an is exactly divisible by tive digits is 0 or multiple of 0, 160
11 etc. Here, 123
(x–a) if n is odd.
\ (49)15–(1)15 is exactly divisible 37
by 49–1 = 48, that is a multiple 5 8 2 4 \ Required number
of 8. = 10000 + (41–37)
81. (3) a4 – b4 = (a2)2 – (b2)2 = (a2 + b2) 5+2+«=7+«
= 10004
(a2 – b2) = (a2 + b2) (a + b) (a – b) 8 + 4 = 12
98. (1) 296 + 1 = (232)3 + 13
Let a = 3, b = 1 \ « = 12 – 7 = 5
\ Required number = (232+1) (264 – 232 + 1)
92. (4) A number is divisible by 11, if
= (3 + 1) (3 – 1) = 8 Clearly, 232+1 is a factor of 296 +1
the difference of the sum of its dig-
82. (1) Let m = n = p and m – n = 2p its at odd places and the sum of 99. (4) For n = 1
m + n = 2p its digits of even places, is either 0 n4 + 6n3 +11n2 + 6n + 24
\ (m – n) (m + n) = 4p2 or a number divisible by 11. = 1 + 6 + 11 + 6 + 24 = 48
Þ m2 – n2 = 4p2 \ (5 + 9 + * + 7) – (4 + 3 + 8) = 0 For n = 2
83. (3) A number is divisible by 9, if or multiple of 11 n4 +6n3 + 11n2 +6n +24
sum of its digits is divisible by Þ 21 + * – 15 = 16 + 48 + 44 + 12 + 24
9. Let the number be x. \ * + 6 = a multiple of 11 = 144 which is divisible by 48.
Þ5+4 +3+2+x+7 \*=5 Clearly, 48 is the required num-
= 21 + x 93. (4) A number is divisible by 11, ber.
\x=6 if the difference of sum of its dig- 100.(2) When we divide 1000 by 225,
84. (1) A number is divisible by 9 if its at odd places and the sum of quotient = 4
the sum of its digits is divisible its digits at even places is either When we divide 5000 by 225,
by 9. 0 or a number divisible by 11. quotient = 22
Here, 6 + 7 + 0 + 9 = 22 Difference \ Required answer = 22 – 4 = 18
Now, 22 + 5 = 27, which is divis- = (4 + 3 + 7 + 8) – (2 + 8 + «) 101.(3) (n3 – n) (n – 2)
ible by 9. Hence 5 must be add- = n (n – 1) (n + 1) (n – 2)
= 22 – 10 – «
ed to 6709.
= 12 – « When n = 3,
85. (2) A number is divisible by 9 and
6 both, if it is divisible by LCM Clearly, « = 1 Number = 3 × 2 × 4 = 24
of 9 and 6 i.e., 18. Hence, the 94. (4) A number is divisible by 11 102.(1) LCM of 16 and 18 = 144
numbers are 108, 126, 144, 162, if the difference of the sum of Multiple of 144 that is less than
180, 198. digits at odd and even places be 1500 = 1440
86. (2) First 3–digit number divisible either zero or multiple of 11. 103.(2) The largest 4-digit number
by 6 = 102 If the middle digit be 4, then = 9999
Last such 3-digit number =996 24442 or 244442 etc are divisi-
\ 996 = 102 + (n –1) 6 ble by 11. g
345 9999 28 b
Þ (n – 1)6 = 996 – 102 = 894 95. (2) n2(n2–1) = n2 (n + 1) (n – 1) 690
894 Now, we put values n = 2, 3..... 3099
Þ n–1= = 149 When n = 2
6 2760
\ n2(n2 –1) = 4 × 3 × 1 = 12, which
Þ n = 150 339
is a multiple of 12
87. (2) n3 – n = n (n2 – 1)
When n = 3. \ Required number = 345 – 339
= n (n + 1) (n – 1)
n2(n2 – 1) = 9 × 4 × 2 = 72, =6
For n = 2, n3 – n = 6
which is also a multiple of 12. etc. 104.(2) 461 + 462 + 463 + 464
88. (3) n3 – n = n (n + 1) (n – 1)
96. (4) Let the unit digit be x and ten’s = 461 (1 + 4 + 42 + 43)
n = 1, n3 – n = 0
digit be y. = 461 (1 + 4 + 16 + 64)
n = 2, n3 – n = 2 × 3 = 6
\ Number = 461 × 85
n = 3, n3 – n = 3 × 4 × 2 = 24
= 1000y + 100x + 10y + x Which is a multiple of 10.
n = 4, n3 – n = 4 × 5 × 3 = 60
= 1010y + 101x = 101(10y + x) 105.(2) Let the number be 10x + y
60 ÷ 6 = 10
Clearly, this number is divisible
SME–53
NUMBER SYSTEM
where y < x. Bucket + full water = 17 kg.
Number obtained by interchang- 121. (2) 27) 2055 (76
1 189
ing the digits = 10y + x Bucket + water = 13.5 kg.
2 165
\ Difference = 10x + y – 10y – x 162
– – –
= 9x – 9y = 9 (x – y) 3
Hence, the difference is always 1
exactly divisible by 9. water = 3.5 kg. \ Required number = 27 – 3 = 24
2
106.(3) Check through option 122. (2) Sum of first n natural num-
\ Water = 2 × 3.5 = 7 kg. bers
303375 303375 ´ 4 \ Weight of empty bucket
= n (n + 1)
25 25 ´ 4 = 17 – 7 = 10 kg. =
116. (4) A cow and a hen each has a 2
1213500
= = 12135 head. \ Required average
100 If the total number of cows be x,
A number is divisible by 25 if the then n (n + 1) n +1
= =
last two digits are divisible by 25 Number of hens = 180 – x 2´n 2
or zero. A cow has four legs and a hen 123. (3) Here, the first divisor (361)
107. (1) 307 × 32 = 9824 has two legs. is a multiple of second divisor
\ (180 – x) × 2 + 4x = 420 (19).
307 × 33 = 10131
Þ 360 – 2x + 4x = 420 \ Required remainder = Re-
\ Required number
Þ 2x = 420 – 360 = 60 mainder obtained on dividing 47
= 10131 – 9999 = 132
60 by 19 = 9
108. (1) a = 4011, b = 3989 Þ x= = 30
2 124. (3) Largest number = 3995
\ ab = 4011 × 3989
Smallest number = 3005
= (4000 + 11) (4000 – 11) 117. (4) On putting n = 1
n(n +1) (n + 2) = 1 × 2 × 3 = 6 Difference = 3995 – 3005 = 990
= (4000)2 – (11)2
118. (2) 2736 ÷ 24 = 114 125. (2) Let the numbers be x and y.
= 16000000 – 121
Hence, first divisor (2736) is a According to the question,
= 15999879
multiple of second divisor (24). x + y = 75
109. (2) Expression = 32n + 9n + 5
\ Required remainder x – y = 25
= (32n + 9n + 3) + 2 = Remainder obtained on Q (x + y)2 – (x – y)2 = 4xy
= 3 (32n – 1 + 3n +1) + 2 dividing 75 by 24 = 3 Þ 752 – 252 = 4xy
Clearly, remainder = 2 119. (2) 5 E9 + 2 F8 + 3 G7 = 1114 Þ 4xy = (75 + 25) (75 – 25)
110. (1) 12x – 61 < 6 Þ 12x < 61 + 6 Value of ‘F’ will be maximum if

67
the values of E and G are mini-
mum.
b gb
Q a 2 – b2 = a + b a – b g
Þ 12x < 67 Þ x < Þ 4xy = 100 × 50
12 \ 509 + 2 F8 + 307 = 1114
Þ x < 6 (Approx.) Þ 2 F8 = 1114 – 509 – 307= 298 100 ´ 50
ÞF=9 Þ xy = = 1250
111. (3) Resulting number = 3957 + 4
5349 – 7062 = 2244 which is 120. (4) Let four numbers be a, b, c 126. (4) Required difference
and d respectively.
divisible by 4, 3 and 11. = 97 – 2 = 95
\ a + b + c + d = 48 ......(i)
127. (4) xy = 24
2244 ÷ 4 = 561 and,
\ (x, y)
2244 ÷ 3 = 748 a + 5 = b + 1 = c – 3 = d – 7 = x (let) = (1 × 24), (2 ×12), (3 × 8), (4 × 6)
2244 ÷ 11 = 204 \ a = x – 5; b = x – 1, \ Minimum value of (x + y)
112. (3) Prime numbers between 80 c = x + 3, d = x + 7 = 4 + 6 = 10.
and 90. From equation (i), 128. (3) Let the 3–digit number be
= 83 and 89 x – 5 + x – 1 + x + 3 + x + 7 = 48 100x + 10y + z.
\ Required product = 83 × 89 Þ 4x + 4 = 48 Sum of the digits = x + y + z
According to the question,
= 7387 Þ 4x = 48 – 4 = 44
113. (2) When n = 2, Difference
6n – 1 = 62 – 1 = 36 – 1 = 35
44 = 100x + 10y + z – (x + y + z)
Þ x = 4 = 11 = 99x + 9y
When, n = an even number,
= 9 (11x + y)
an–bn is always divisible by (a2–b2). \ a = x – 5 = 11 – 5 = 6
Clearly, it is a multiple of 3 and
114. (2) Total number of marbles = x b = x – 1 = 11 – 1 = 10 9.
+ x + 3 + x – 3 = 3x c = x + 3 = 11 + 3 = 14 129. (1) Let the numbers be x and y
\ 3x = 15 Þ x = 5 d = x + 7 = 11 + 7 = 18 where x > y.
115. (3) According to the question,
(x + y) – (x – y) = 30
SME–54
NUMBER SYSTEM
Þ x + y – x + y = 30 135.(1) 334 × 545 × 7p is divisible by 143. (3) Let second number = x.
Þ 2y = 30 \ First number = 3x
3340.
30 2
Þ y= = 15 Þ 334 × 5 × 109 × 7 × p, is Third number = × 3x
2 3
\ xy = 900 divisible by 334 × 2 × 5 = 2x
Þ 15x = 900 Clearly, p = 2 According to the question,
3x + x + 2x = 252
900 136. (2) Let the number be a.
Þ x= = 60 Þ 6x = 252
15 According to the question,
252
130. (3) According to the question, 1 Þ x= = 42
Divisor (d) = 5r = 5 × 46 = 230 a+ 6
=2
Again, Divisor (d) = 10 × Quo- a 144.(3) Five-digit numbers formed by
tient (q) Þ a2 + 1 = 2a Þ a2 – 2a + 1 = 0 2, 5, 0, 6 and 8 :
Þ 230 = q × 10 Þ (a – 1)2 = 0 Þ a – 1 = 0 Largest number = 86520
Smallest number = 20568
230 Þa=1
Þ q= = 23 Required difference
10 137.(3) Q First divisor (56) is a mul- = 86520 – 20568 = 65952
\ Dividend = Divisor × Quotient tiple of second divisor (8). 145.(1) Let the number of cows be x.
+ Remainder \ Required remainder Q A hen or a cow has only one
= 230 × 23 + 46 = Remainder obtained after divid- head.
= 5290 + 46 = 5336 ing 29 by 8 = 5 \ Number of hens = 50 – x
131. (3) Divided = 44 × 432 = 19008 138.(2) Let the number be x. A hen has two feet.
According to the question, A cow has four feet.
31) 19008 (613 According to the question,
21
186 x–4= 4x + 2 (50 – x) = 142
40 x
Þ x2 – 4x = 21 Þ 4x + 100 – 2x = 142
31
Þ 2x = 142 – 100 = 42
98 Þ x2 – 4x – 21 = 0
93 Þ x2 – 7x + 3x – 21 = 0 42
Þ x= = 21
5 Þ x (x – 7) + 3 (x – 7) = 0 2
\ Remainder = 5 Þ (x + 3) (x – 7) = 0 146.(2) Firstly, we find LCM of 5, 6,
Þ x = 7 because x ¹ – 3. 7 and 8.
132. (2) Here, first divisor (729) is a
139. (2) Let quotient be 1. 2 5, 6, 7, 8
multiple of second divisor (27).
\ n=4×1+3=7
\ Required remainder = 5, 3, 7, 4
\ 2n = 2 × 7 = 14,
Remainder got on dividing 56 by
On dividing 14 by 4, remainder Þ LCM = 2 × 5 × 4 × 3 × 7= 840
27 = 2.
=2 Required number
133. (4) Smallest number of six dig-
140. (1) Divisor = 555 + 445 = 1000 = 840x + 3 which is exactly divis-
its Quotient = (555 – 445) × 2 ible by 9.
= 100000 = 110 × 2 = 220 Now, 840x + 3
Remainder = 30 = 93x × 9 + 3x + 3
108 ) 100000 ( 925 \ Dividend = Divisor × Quotient When x = 2 then 840x + 3, is di-
972 + Remainder visible by 9.
280 = 1000 × 220 + 30 = 220030
216 \ Required number
141. (1) According to the question, = 840 × 2 + 3 = 1683
640 Divisor = 2 × remainder
540 147. (4) A 3–digit number
= 2 × 80 = 160 = 100x + 10y + z
100 Again, 4 × quotient = 160 Sum of digits = x + y + z
\ Required number 160 Difference
= 100000 + (108 – 100) Þ Quotient = = 40 = 100x + 10y + z – x – y – z
4
= 100008 \ x = Divisor × Quotient + re- = 99x + 9y = 9 (11x + y) i.e.,
mainder multiple of 9.
134.(2) Let the number be x.
= 160 × 40 + 80 = 6480 148. (1) 84 ) 8961 (106
According to the question, 142. (2) Here, first divisor (342) is a 84
multiple of second divisor (18). 561
x + 25 = 3x – 3 i.e. 342 ÷ 18 = 19 504
Þ 3x – x = 25 + 3 \ Required remainder ×57 Þ Remainder
= Remainder on dividing 47 by
Þ 2x = 28 Þ x = 14 \ Required number = 84 – 57
18 = 11
= 27

SME–55
NUMBER SYSTEM
149.(1) Number of numbers lying be- Þ 10y + x – 10x – y = 45 64 x – 9 x
tween 67 and 101 Þ 9y – 9x = 45 Þ = 55
Þ 101 – 67 – 1 = 33 24
Þ 9(y – x) = 45
Prime numbers Þ 71, 73, 79, 83, 55 x
89 and 97 = 6 45 Þ = 55 or, x = 24
Þy–x= = 5 ... (ii) 24
\ Composite numbers 9 5. (1) Let the total number of stu-
= 33 – 6 = 27 \ (x + y)2 = (y – x)2 + 4xy dents in a class be x
150. (3) LCM of 9, 11 and 13 = 52 + 4 × 24 \ According to question,
= 9 × 11 × 13 = 1287 = 25 + 96 = 121
\ Required lowest number that 3
leaves 6 as remainder Þx+y= 121 = 11 ... (iii) Number of girls = x
= 1287 + 6 = 1293 5
On adding equations (ii) and (iii),
\ Required answer y – x + x + y = 5 + 11 3x
= 1294 – 1293 = 1 Þ 2y = 16 Þ y = 8 and number of boys = x –
151. (3) A number is divisible by 8 if 5
\ xy = 24 Þ 8x = 24
number formed by the last three
digits is divisible by 8. 24 2
Þx= =3 = x
\ If * is replaced by 3, then 632 8 5
÷ 8 = 79 \ Required number = 10x + y = Number of girls who are absent
152. (4) 87) 13851 (159 10 × 3 + 8 = 38 3 2 6x
87 4. (3) A number is divisible by 11 = ´ x=
515 if the difference between the sum 5 9 45
435 of digits at odd places and that and number of boys who are ab-
at even places is either zero or a sent
801
multiple of 11.
783 2 1 x
Sum of the digits at odd places = = ´ ´x=
18 6 + 8 + 5 = 19 5 4 10
\ Required number
= 87 – 18 = 69
Sum of the digits at even places \ Total number of students who
= 9 + 6 + 7 = 22 are present
153.(2) If the sum of the digits of a
\ Required number=22–19 = 3
number be divisible by 9, the 6x x
number is divisible by 9. 6. (3) According to the question, =x– –
Sum of the digits of 451 * 603 2+2´5 45 10
=4+5+1+*+6+0+3
= 19 + *
First number =
3
=
b90 – 12 – 9gx
If * = 8, then 19 + 8 = 27 which 12 90
is divisible by 9. =
3
154.(2) The largest 4-digit number = =4 69 x 23x
9999 = =
48 90 30
88 ) 9999 ( 113 \ Second number = = 12
88 4 23
119 Therefore, the part of the stu-
30
88 TYPE-III dents are present in the class.
319
6. (4) Let the longer part be x
264
55 Þ Remainder 1 \ According to question,
1. (3) Q135 Litres = th part
\ Required number 4
2x
= 9999 – 55 = 9944 1 180 1 Shortest part =
155. (1) A number is divisible by 99 180 Litres = ´ = 3
4 135 3
if it is divisible by 9 and 11 both.
Sum of the digits of the number 1 2 2
57717 2. (1) ? = 369 ´ ´ = 123 \ x + x = 85m
2 3 3
= 5 + 7 + 7 + 1 + 7 = 27 which is
divisible by 9. 3. (3) Let the number be x. 3 x + 2x
\ According to question, Þ = 85
Difference between the sum of 3
digits at odd and even places = x x 7x – 5x
(7 + 7 + 5) – (7 + 1) – = 10 Þ = 10
5x
5 7
Þ = 85
= 19 – 8 = 11 which is a multiple 35 3
of 11. 2x \ x = 51m
\ Required number = 57717 Þ = 10
35 2 4
156. (3) Prime numbers between 58
and 68 Þ 59, 61 and 67 10 ´ 35 7. (1) and = 0.40 and 0.44
Þx = = 175 5 9
\ Required sum = 59 + 61 + 67 2 Fraction between these two
= 187 4. (2) Let the amount be x
157. (3) Let the two digit number be 3
\ According to question, = = 0.42
10x + y. 7
According to the question, 8 3
x – x = 55 2 3 1
xy = 24 .... (i) 3 8 ´ =
8. (1)
and, 10x + y + 45 = 10y + x 3 4 2

SME–56
NUMBER SYSTEM
9. (1) Suppose required number is 15. (2) Let the fraction = x
y +1 + 2
x Then, According to the question; Þ =y
2
3x 12 x 6 x 13
3x – = 60 Þ = 60 of x = – Þ y + 3 = 2y Þ y = 3
5 5 7 6 70 x+1=3Þ x=2
60 ´ 5 7
Þ x= = 25 \ xy = 2 × 3 = 6
12 20. (2) Let the number = x
6 x 7 x 13
1 Þ = –
10. (4) of 1% 7 6 70 5 5
2 \ x´ –x´ = 250
7 x 6 x 13 6 16
1 1 0.01 Þ – =
= ´ = = 0.005 6 7 70 40x – 15x
2 100 2 Þ = 250
11. (1) Remaining race 49 x – 36 x 13 48
Þ =
1 42 70 25x
= 5–1 laps Þ = 250
4 13 x 13 48
Þ =
5 15 42 70
= 5 – laps = laps 250 ´ 48
4 4 Þx = = 480
13 ´ 42 3 25
12. (2) Given \x = =
70 ´ 13 5 21. (2) Let the number be x.
a c 14 According to the question,
´ = ...(i) 16. (3) Let the number is x.
b d 15 According to the question x x
a d 35 x= + 20 Þ x – = 20
´ = 1 3 1 5 5
b c 24
...(ii) of of x = 2 of 10
2 4 2
Now multiplying both the equa- 4x
Þ = 20
tions 3x 5 5
Þ = ´ 10
ac ad 14 35 8 2
´ = ´ 20 ´ 5
bd bc 15 24 5 ´ 10 ´ 8 200 2 Þx= = 25
Þx= = = 66 4
3´2 3 3 22. (2) Let the number be x.
a2 49 a 7
Þ = Þ = 17. (4) Let the number be x.
b 2 36 b 6 2 25 25 ´ 3
x \ x= Þ x2 =
\ = 15 3 216x 2 ´ 216
14 3´4
c 15 4 Þ x = 15 × 3 × 4 = 180 25 ´ 3 25 5
\ = = \x = = =
d 7 5 Now, required number 2 ´ 216 144 12
6
3 3 23. (1) Let the length of bamboo be
= x= ´ 180 = 54
7 10 10 x metres.
But the greater fraction is .
6 18. (2) 1 day = 24 × 60 minutes \ Length of bamboo above water
13. (1) Let the fraction be x. \ Required fraction x 5x
= x- -
4 x 4 15 10 8
\ + = 45 1
7 7 14 = =
24 ´ 60 32 40 x - 4 x - 25x 11x
4 x 15 4 15 - 8 1 = =
Þ = - = = 19. (1) Let the numerator = x and 40 40
7 14 7 14 2 denominator = y
1 7 7 \ Fraction According to the question,
Þ x = ´ =
2 4 8 11x
x x 1 = 2.75
14. (2) Let the value of estate be x = y and y + 1 = 2 40
According to the question
2.75 ´ 40
4 y +1 Þ x = =10 metres.
of x = 16800 Þ 2x = y + 1 Þ x = 11
5 2
24. (3) Let the man’s income be x
16800 ´ 5
\x = = 21000 x +1 According to the question,
4 =1 Þ x + 1 = y
y x 2x 1x
x– – – = 400
3 3 3 5 5
\ of the value = 21000 ´ y +1
7 7 Þ
2
+1 = y
FG 1 2 1 IJ
= 3000 ´ 3 = 9000 or x 1 –
H – –
3 5 5
= 400
K
SME–57
NUMBER SYSTEM

FG 15 – 5 – 6 – 3 IJ = 400 FG 16 - 15 IJ x = 2 5x 3x 32
- =
or x
H 15 K Þ
H 20 K Þ
3 5 75

1 x 25x - 9x 32
or x ´ = 400 Þ =
15 Þ =2 15 75
20
or x = 15 × 400 = 6000 Þ x = 2 × 20 = 40 16x 32
Þ =
47 \ The tin can contain 40 bottles. 15 75
25. (4) 0. 47 = 31. (1) Let the required number be x.
99 32 15 2
As given, Þ x= ´ =
6 6 ´ 8 48 75 16 5
26. (2) = = 5 5
7 7 7 Þx× –x× = 25 2 3 6
4 14 Correct answer = ´ =
8 5 5 25
FG 1 - 1 IJ = 25 36. (2) Required number
6 Þ 5x H 4 14 K 3 +1 4
7 = 6 = 3 =
= or
8 7 ´ 8 28 FG 7 - 2 IJ = 25 Þ 5x × 5 2+5 7
\ Required difference
Þ 5x H 28 K 28
= 25
1 3
= 0.5 ; = 0.6
48 3 25 ´ 28 2 5
= - Þx= = 28
7 28 5´5 4
= 0.57
32. (2) Let the number be x. 7
192 - 3 189 27 3
= = = =6 Then, Clearly, 0.5 < 0.57 < 0.6
28 28 4 4
3 3 37. (3) Let the number of pages in
27. (2) Let the number be x. x- x = 150
4 14 the book be x.
According to the question
According to the question,
x x 21x - 6x
- =4 Þ = 150 2x 2x x 2
9 10 28 + + ´ + 15 = x
5 5 3 5
10 x - 9 x Þ 15x = 28 × 150
Þ =4
90 4 x 2x
28 ´ 150 Þ + + 15 = x
Þ x = 90 × 4 = 360 Þx= = 280 5 15
15
423 - 4 419 33. (2) Let the fractions be x and y, 12x + 2x + 225
28. (2) 0.423 = =
where x > y Þ =x
990 990 15
29. (3) Decimal equivalent of : 14 x 35 Þ 15x = 14x + 225
\ xy = and y = Þ 15x – 14x = 225
3 5 15 24
= 0.75 and = 0.833 Þ x = 225
4 6
x 14 35 38. (3) 0.121212 ....
2 1 \ xy × y = ´
Now, = 0.66 , = 0.5 , 15 24 12 4
3 2 = 0.12 = =
99 33
49
4 9 Þ x2 =
= 0.8 and = 0.9 36 1
5 10 39. (2) 0. 001 =
999
7
4 3 Þx=
Clearly, lies between 6 27 3 14
5 4 40. (3) 1. 27 = 1 = 1 =
99 11 11
5 4
34. (3) The required fraction is , 41. (1) Let the number be x.
and . 5
6
x x
30. (4) Let the tin contain x bottles 5 4 25 - 16 9 \ - = 100
because - = = 7 11
of oil. 4 5 20 20
As given, 35. (2) Let the fraction be x, 11x - 7 x
Þ = 100
4 3 According to the question, 11 ´ 7
x -6+4= x
5 4 x 3 32 Þ 4x = 77 × 100
-x ´ =
4 3 3 5 75 77 ´ 100
Þ x- x =2 Þx= = 1925
5 4 5 4

SME–58
NUMBER SYSTEM

1 1 1 1 1 47. (3) Required answer Þ 3x – y = 2 .....(i)


42. (1) + + + + x +1 1
15 35 63 99 143 125
Again, y + 1 = 2 Þ 2x + 2 = y + 1
125
1 1 1 = 3 = ´ 6 = 250
= ´ + 1 3 Þ 2x – y = –1 ....(ii)
3´5 5´7 7´9
6 From equation (i) – (ii)
1 1 3x – y – 2x + y = 2 + 1
+ + 5 7
9 ´ 11 11 ´ 13 48. (2) = 0.625 ; = 0.636 Þx=3
8 11
=
FG
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
- + - + - + - +
1
-
1 IJ From equation (i)
H
2 3 5 5 7 7 9 9 11 11 13 K 20 19 3×3–y=2Þy=9–2=7
= 0.666 ...; = 0.633...
=
1 1 1
- =
FG
1 13 - 3
=
5 IJ FG IJ 30 30 Þ x + y = 3 + 7 = 10
2 3 13 H
2 39 39 K H K 49. (3) Let numerator be x, then de-
nominator = 11 – x.
52. (4) Let the number be x.
x 7x
52 250 - = 15
43. (4) 2.52 = 2 = x 7 8
99 99 \ Fraction =
11 – x 8
\ Required sum
= 250 + 99 = 349 x +2 8x 7x
Again, Þ - = 15
44. (1) Let the length of the rod be x 11 – x + 2 7 8
metres. According to the ques-
tion, x 1 64 x - 49x
= + Þ = 15
FG x + x + x + x + x + x IJ 11 – x 24 56
x–
H 10 20 30 40 50 60 K x +2 x 1 15x
Þ - =
Þ = 15
=12.08 13 – x 11 - x 24 56

Þ x 1–
LM FG 60 + 30 + 20 +15 +12 +10IJOP Þ x = 56

N H 600 KQ Þ
11x - x 2 + 22 - 2x - 13x + x 2
(13 - x )(11 - x )
\ Sum of the digit = 5 + 6 = 11
53. (3) Let the given number be x.
= 12.08
x 8x
F 147 IJ = 12.08
Þ x G1 –
1 \
8
-
17
= 225
H 600 K =
24 17

Þ xG
F 600 – 147 IJ = 12.08 Þ
22 - 4 x 1
Þ
17 x 8 x
- = 225
H 600 K (13 - x )(11 - x )
=
24 8 17
Þ 528 – 96x = 143 – 24x + x2 289x - 64 x
453 Þ = 225
Þx´ = 12.08 Þ x2 + 72x – 385 = 0
136
600 Þ x2 + 77x – 5x – 385 = 0
12.08 ´ 600 Þ x (x + 77) – 5 (x + 77) = 0 225x
Þx = Þ = 225 Þ x = 136
=16 m. Þ (x – 5) (x + 77) = 0 Þ x = 5 136
453
45. (4) Height of tree after 1 year \ Denominator = 11 – 5 = 6
x
\ Difference = 6 – 5 = 1 54. (1) Let the original fraction be .
1 y
= 64 + 64 ´ = 72 cm 50. (2) Let the original fraction be
8
x x +1 1
Height of tree after 2 years . \ y +1 = 4
x +3
1
= 72 + 72 ´ x +7 Þ 4x + 4 = y + 1
8 \ =2 Þ 4x – y = –3 ...(i)
x +3-2 In case II,
= 72 + 9 = 81 cm
46. (1) Suppose total income Þ x + 7 = 2x + 2
x +2 1
= x Þx=7–2=5 =
\ Required sum = x + x + 3 y+2 3
x 2x
\ x – – = 630 = 2x + 3 = 10 + 3 = 13 Þ 3x + 6 = y + 2
4 3 Þ 3x – y = – 4 ...(ii)
51. (1) Let the original fraction be
x By (i) – (ii),
= 630 \ x = 7560 x 4x – y – 3x + y = –3 + 4
12 .
y Þx=1
2 From (i),
\ House rent = ´ 7560
x -1 1
3 4×1–y=–3Þy=7
\ y - 1 = 3 Þ 3x - 3 = y - 1 \x+y=1+7=8
= 5040

SME–59
NUMBER SYSTEM
55. (2) Let the number be x. Remaining passengers
3 3 ´ 4 12
x x 61. (4) = = 3
\ +4 = - 10 4 4 ´ 4 16 = 24 × = 18
5 4 4
3 6 \ Required answer
x x =
Þ - = 10 + 4 = 14 8 16
4 5 18 9
= =
6 7 8 9 10 11 12 20 10
5x - 4 x \ , , , , , ,
Þ = 14 16 16 16 16 16 16 16
20 123 41
\ Required rational number 66. (2) 0.123 = =
Þ x = 20 × 14 = 280 999 333
56. (2) Part of the property given 9 67. (2) 0.393939 ......
=
away 16
.. 39 13
1 1 1 12 7 16 = 0.3 9 = 99 = 33
= + + , , are all greater than 1,
4 2 5 9 3 9
1
9 68. (3) = 0.0909.......... = 0. 09
5 + 10 + 4 19 11
= = only < 1, hence it is the
20 20 16
obvious choice) 2349 - 23
57. (2) Unbroken tables 69. (2) 2.349 =
990
x -4
5 62. (2) Original fraction =
= ´ 108 = 90 x 2326
6 =
In case II, 990
3 70. (3) Expression
Unbroken chairs = ´ 132 = 99 8 (x - 4 - 2) = x + 1
4
Þ 8x – 48 = x +1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Unbroken pairs = 90 = + + + + +
Þ 7x = 49 Þ x = 7 20 30 42 56 72 90
58. (2) A + B + C + D = 60 \ Original fraction
1 1 1
B+C+D 7-4 3 = + + +
A= = 4´5 5´6 6´7
2 =
7 7
Þ 3A = 60 Þ A = 20 1 1 1
63. (3) Boys = x + +
7 ´ 8 8 ´ 9 9 ´ 10
A +C+D Girls = z – x
B=
3 z-x x
Þ 4B = 60 Þ B =
\ Part of girls =
z
=1-
z FG 1 - 1 IJ + FG 1 - 1 IJ .....+ FG 1 - 1 IJ
15
64. (2) First part = x,
= H 4 5 K H 5 6 K H 9 10 K
A +B+D
C= Second part = 50 – x 1 1 5-2 3
4 - = =
=
Þ 5C = 60 Þ B = 12 1 1 1 4 10 20 20
\ + =
D = 60 – (20 + 15 + 12) = 13 x 50 - x 12
1 1 1 1 1
59. (2) If the number of boys be x, Put values of x from the given 71. (1) ? = 1 + + + + +
options. Otherwise 2 4 7 14 28
and that of girls be y, then
x y x 10 5 50 - x + x 1 28 + 14 + 7 + 4 + 2 + 1
= Þ = = =5:2 Þ = =
10 4 y 4 2 x (50 - x ) 12 28
Þ x (50 – x) = 600
60. (1) Solve this question by op- 28 + 28
tions. Þ x2 – 50 x + 600 = 0 = =2
Þ x2 – 30x – 20x + 600 = 0 28
7
Original fraction = Þ x (x – 30) – 20 (x – 30) = 0 72. (3) Expression
9 Þ (x – 20) (x – 30) = 0 1 1 1 1
Adding 2 to numerator and de- Þ x = 20 or 30 = + + +....+
20 30 42 132
9 65. (4) Number of seats in each bus
nominator, fraction = = 10 (let) 1 1 1 1
11 = + + +....+
Adding 3 to numerator and de- 30 ´ 4 4´5 5´6 6 ´7 11 ´ 12
Total passengers = = 24
10 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
nominator, fraction = = – + – + – +.....+ –
12 1 4 5 5 6 6 7 11 12
of the passengers leave the
5 4 1 1 3–1 2 1
= , which is correct. = – = = =
6 bus. 4 12 12 12 6

SME–60
NUMBER SYSTEM
73. (3) The original property with 9x – 2x x x
Ram = x (let) Þ =7 \ x+ + =2
12 2 4
x Þ 7x = 12 × 7
\ Wife’s share = Rs. 4 x + 2x + x
3 Þ =2
12 ´ 7 4
Remaining property Þx= = 12
7 8
x 2x Þ 7x = 8 Þ x =
5x 5 7
=x– = \ = × 12 = 20
3 3 3 3 82. (1) Let the number be x.
According to the question,
2x 3 77. (4) 0.3939 = 0. 39
Daughter’s share =
3
×
5 FG x + 1 IJ × 3 = 21
2x =
39
=
13
.
H 2K
99 33
= 1 21
5 1 1 1 1 Þ x+ = =7
78. (4) 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 2 3
2x 2x 2 3 4 5
Son’s share = – 1 13
3 5 FG 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 IJ Þ x=7–
2
=
2
= 6.5
10x – 6 x 4x
= (2 + 3 + 4 + 5) +
H 2 3 4 5K 83. (3) Let the number be x.
= =
15 15 F 30 + 20 + 15 + 12 IJ
= 14 + G
According to the question,

4x H 60 K 4 x 3x
- =8
\ = 6400 5 4
15 77 17
Þ 4x = 6400 × 15 = 14 + = 14 + 1 16 x - 15x
60 60 =8
Þ
6400 ´ 15 17 20
Þx= = 24000 = 15
4 60 x
Þ =8
74. (1) Let the number be x. 17 20
According to the question, \ Required answer = 1 – = Þ x = 20 × 8 = 160
60
2x 60 – 17 43 84. (1) Q A mason makes a wall in
x– = 75 = 70 hours.
5 60 60 \ Part of wall built by the ma-
5x - 2 x 5 7
Þ = 75 79. (4) = 0.83 son in 7 hours =
5 6 70
3x 8 1
Þ = 75 = 0.53 =
5 15 10
75 ´ 5 6 1
Þx= = 125 = 0.86 \ Remaining part = 1 –
3 7 10
75. (4) First number = x (let) Clearly, 0.53 < 0.83 < 0.86 9
= = 0.9
2x 80. (4) Let the first number be x. 10
\ Second number = \ Second number = x + 2 85. (3) Let the number of oranges in
5
According to the question, the first basket be x.
2x x+2=7+c–4=3+c \ Number of oranges in the sec-
\x+ = 50 Þ x=1+c ond basket = 640 – x
5
\ Fraction According to the question,
5x + 2x
Þ
5
= 50
=
a
x x +2 f a
=
fa
1+ c 3 + c f x–
x
= 640 – x +
x
7 +c 7+c 5 5
Þ 5x + 2x = 50 × 5
Þ 7x = 250
For the minimum value, FG x IJ
250
–3 < c < –1
\ c = –2
= 640 – x –
H 5 K
Þx= \ Required value of fraction = – 4x 4x
7 Þ = 640 –
\ Second number 1 5 5
2 250 100 5 4x 4x
Þ + = 640
= × = 81. (2) Let second number be x. 5 5
5 7 7
76. (2) Let the number be x. x 8x
\ First number = Þ = 640 Þ 8x = 640 × 5
According to the question, 2 5
3x x x 640 ´ 5
Third number = Þ x= = 400
– =7 4 8
4 6

SME–61
NUMBER SYSTEM
8. (4) Expression = ( 2137)754
TYPE-IV TYPE-V Unit’s digit in 2137 = 7
1. (3) Firstly, we express every frac- 1. (1)The digit in unit’s place = Now, 71 = 7, 72 = 49, 73 = 343, 74
tion in decimal form. unit’s digit in the product 1 × 2 × = 2401, 7 5 = 16807, ...........
3 × .... × 9 = 0. Clearly, after index 4, the unit’s
4 7 digit follow the same order.
= 0.8 ; = 0.875 2. (3)Unit’s digit in 34 = 1
5 8 So, unit digit in 3164 = 1 Dividing index 754 by 4 we get
6 Now, unit's digit in remainder = 2
= 0.857
7 (2153)167 \ Unit’s digit in the expansion of
= unit digit in 3167 (2137)754 = Unit’s digit in the ex-
5 ·
= 0.833 = 0.8 3 = unit digit in 33 = 7 pansion of (2137)2 = 9
6 3. (1)(4)2m gives 6 at unit digit. 9. (3) Unit’s digit in the expansion
(4)2m +1 gives 4 at unit digit. of (22)23
4 5 6 7
So, < < < (5)n gives 5. = Unit’s digit in the expansion of
5 6 7 8
The same is the case with 1. (2)23
2. (3) The decimal equivalent of \ Required digit = Unit’s digit in Now,
3 7 the product of 4×5 × 1 = 0
= 0.6 , = 0.777..,.... 21 = 2
5 9 4. (1)Unit digit in (264)4 i.e.
22 = 4
4 × 4 × 4 × 4 is 6
11 23 = 8
= 0.846 \ Unit digit in
13 24 = 16
(264)100 is also 6.
Now, (264)102 = (264)100 × (264)2 25 = 32
·
Obviously, 0.846 > 0. 7 > 0.6 = (Unit digit 6) × (Unit digit 6)=36 i.e. 2 repeats itself after the
\ The required decreasing order index 4.
\ Unit digit is 6
On dividing 23 by 4, remainder
11 7 3 Similarly,
= , , =3
13 9 5
\ Unit’s digit in (2)23
1 = Unit’s digit in (2)3 = 8
3. (3) = 0.333.... ,
3 10. (1) 21 = 2; 22 = 4;
23 = 8; 24 = 16; 25 = 32
4 2
= 0.5714, = 0.4 \ Unit digit in the product of
7 5
(122)173
Clearly, = Unit digit in (122)1 = 2
0. 33 < 0.4 < 0.5714 Therefore, the unit digit in (264)102 (1 = remainder when 173 is
+ (264)103 is 6 + 4 = 10 i.e. 0. divided by 4).
1 2 4 5. (2) (251)98 = ......1
\ < < 11. (4) 4 1 = 4; 4 2 = 16; 4 3 = 64;
3 5 7 (21)29 = ....1 44 = 256; 45 = 1024
4. (2) Numbers are : (106)100 = ......6 Remainder on dividing 372 by 4
a>b>c>d>e>f (705)35 = ....5 =0
According to the question, (16)4 = .....6 Remainder on dividing 373 by 4
259 = ......9 =1
a + b + c + d + e = 5 × 30
\ Required answer = 1 + 1 – 6 + \ Required unit digit
= 150 --- (i) 5 – 6 + 9 = 16 – 12 = 4
b + c + d + e + f = 5 × 25 = Unit digit of the sum of 6 + 4 = 0
6. (1) 31 = 3; 32 = 9; 33 = 27;
= 125 --- (ii) 34 = 81; 35 = 343 ; ..... 12. (2) Last digit of (1001)2008 + 1002
\ Remainder on dividing 40 by =1+2=3
By equation (i) – (ii)
4=0 13. (4) 71 = 7; 72 = 49; 73 = 343;
a – f = 150 – 125 = 25
\ Unit’s digit in 340 = 1 74 = 2401 ; 75 = 16807
5. (4) Let the numbers be x, x + 1
and x + 2. Unit digit i.e. The unit’s digit repeats itself
7. (2) 4) 105 (26
7
1
7 after power 4.
\ x + x + 1 + x + 2 = 51 8
72 9 Remainder after we divide 245 by
Þ 3x + 3 = 51
7
3
3 4 25 4=1
Þ 3x = 51 – 3 = 48
74 1 24 \ Unit’s digit in the product of
48 7
5
7 (4387)245 × (621)72 = Unit’s digit
Þ x= = 16 1
3 in the product of (4387)1 × (621)72
\ Middle number = 16 + 1= 17 71 Þ 7 =7×1=7

SME–62
NUMBER SYSTEM
14. (4) Unit digit in the expansion of Þ 40x + 4y – 10y – x = 24 an = a + (n–1)d
256251 Þ 39x – 6y = 24 Þ 97 = 75 + (n – 1)
= Unit digit in the expansion of Þ 13x – 2y = 8 ....(i) Þ n = 97 – 74 = 23
56251 = 5
Again, y – x = 7
36528 º Unit digit in 6528 = 6
Þ y=x+7 ....(ii) Sn =
n
2
b
a +l g
Now, 31 = 3, 32 = 9, 33 = 27 ;
34 = 81, 35 = 243....
\ 13x – 2 (x + 7) = 8
\ 7354 = 7352 × 732 Þ 13x – 2x – 14 = 8 S23 =
23
2
b
75 + 97 g
º 32 = 9 Þ 11 x = 14 + 8 = 22
\ Required digit = Unit’s digit of 22 23
Þ x= =2 = ´ 172 = 1978
the sum 5 + 6 + 9 = 0 11 2
15. (4) 71 = 7, 72 = 49, 73 = 343, 4. (2) Numbers divisible by 3 and
From equation (ii),
74 = 2401 lying between 100 and 200 are :
31 = 3, 32 = 9, 33 = 27, 34 = 81 y–2 =7Þy =2 +7 =9 102, 105,..... 198
i.e. the digit at unit’s place gets \ Number = 10x + y =10´2+9= 29 Let number of terms = n
repeated after power 4. Unit 6 \ 198 = 102 + (n–1) 3
21. (3) Ten’s digit of original number
remains same for any power.
=x 198 – 102
\ Required unit’s digit Þ n–1 = = 32
\ Unit’s digit = 2x 3
= Unit’s digit in the product of
\ Number = 10x + 2x = 12x Þ n = 33
73 × 6 × 31 = 4
According to the question,
16. (1) Unit's digit in (1570)2 = 0 n
Unit's digit in (1571)2 = 1 1 \ S= = (a + l )
3x – 2 = × 12x 2
Unit's digit in (1572)2 = 4 6
Unit's digit in (1573)2 = 9
\ Required unit’s digit
Þ
Þ
3x – 2 = 2x
3x – 2x = 2
=
32
2
b
102 + 198 = 4950 g
= Unit’s digit (0 +1+4 + 9) = 4 Þ x=2 5. (2) Let the three consecutive natu-
17. (4) Unit’s digit in 3 × 38 × 537 × \ Number = 12x = 12 × 2 = 2 = 24 ral numbers be x, x + 1 and x + 2.
1256 \ According to question,
= Unit’s digit in 3 × 8 × 7 × 6 TYPE-VI x2 + (x + 1)2 + (x + 2)2 = 2030
=4×2=8 or x2 + x2 + 2x + 1 + x2 + 4x + 4
1. (3) \ x + x + 2 + x + 4 = 147 = 2030
18. (4) Ten’s digit = x
Þ 3 x + 6 = 147 or 3x2 + 6x + 5 = 2030
Unit’s digit = 2x – 1 Þ 3 x = 147 – 6 = 141 or 3x2 + 6x – 2025 = 0
\ Original number 141 or x2 + 2x – 675 = 0
= 10x + (2x – 1)
Þx= = 47
or x2 + 27x – 25x – 675 = 0
3
= 12x – 1 \ Middle Number x (x + 27) – 25 (x + 27) = 0
New number = 10 (2x – 1) + x = x + 2 = 47 + 2 = 49 or (x – 25) (x + 27) = 0
= 20x – 10 + x = 21x – 10 2. (3) Series of first 20 odd natural \ x = 25 and – 27
\ (21x – 10) – (12x + 1) numbers is an arithmetic pro- \ Required number = x + 1
gression with 1 as the first term = 25 + 1 = 26
= 12x – 1 – 20
and the common difference 2.
Þ 9x – 9 = 12x – 21 6. (4) Let the three odd consecutive
Sum of n terms in arithmetic natural numbers be x, x + 2 and
Þ 3x = 12 Þ x = 4 progression is given by. x + 4.
Þ Original number = 12x – 1
= 12 × 4 – 1 = 47 Sn =
1
2
a f
n 2a + n – 1 d \ According to the question
x + x + 2 + x + 4 = 87
[check through options]. Where a : First term or 3x + 6 = 87
19. (1) Required unit’s digit d : common difference or 3x = 81 \ x = 27
= Unit’s digit in the product of 7 \ Smallest number = 27
×5×8×3×9=0
\ S20 =
1
2
b g b g
´ 20 2 ´ 1 + 20 – 1 ´ 2 7. (4) Let three consecutive even
integers be 2x, 2x + 2 and 2x + 4
20. (1) Let the two–digit number be = 10 [2 + 38]=10 × 40 = 400 respectively.
10x + y where x < y. Note :Sum of first n consecutive \ 2x + 2x + 2 + 2x + 4 = 54
Number obtained on reversing odd numbers = n2
Þ 6x + 6 = 54
3. (4) Series of all natural numbers
the digits =10y + x
from 75 to 97 is in A.P. whose Þ 6x = 54 – 6 = 48
According to the question, first term, Þx=8
10y + x = 4 (10x + y) – 24 a = 75, last term, l = 97 \ The least even number
If number of terms be n, then = 2 × 8 = 16

SME–63
NUMBER SYSTEM
8. (2) Let three consecutive natural 998 = 103 + (n – 1) × 5 19. (4) Sum of five consecutive inte-
numbers be x, x+1, x+2. Þ (n – 1) × 5= 998 – 103 = 895 gers = S
According to the question, S
895
x + x + 1 + x + 2 = 87 Þn–1= = 179 \ Third integer =
5 5
Þ 3x + 3 = 87
Þ n = 180 S
84 \ Largest integer = +2
Þ 3x = 84 Þ x = = 28 n 5
3 \ S = (a + l )
2
\ Middle number = 28 + 1 = 29 S + 10
180 =
87 = (103 + 998) 5
OR, = 29 2 20. (2) Prime numbers upto 17
3
= 90 × 1101 = 99090 Þ 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17
9. (3) (x + 2)2 – x2 = 84 14. (2) First 3 – digit number = 100
or x2 + 4x + 4 – x2 = 84 \ Required sum = 2 + 3 + 5 + 7
Last 3 – digit number = 999 + 11 + 13 + 17 = 58
or 4x = 84 – 4 = 80 Number of terms = 900 21. (2) 102 + 112 + 122
80 n = 100 + 121 + 144 = 365
or x = = 20 \S= [a + l ]
4 2 \ Required sum =10 + 11 + 12
Þ x + 2 = 20 + 2 = 22 = 33
900 22. (3) Numbers = x, x +1 and x + 2
\ The required sum = [100 + 999]
2 \ 2x + 3x + 3 + 4x + 8 = 191
= 20 + 22 = 42
= 450 × 1099 = 494550 Þ 9x = 191 – 11 = 180
10. (4) We have,
15. (1) x + x + 1 + x + 2 = 27 Þ x = 20
1 + 2 + 3 ........ + n
3x + 3 = 27 \ Numbers = 20, 21 and 22
n (n + 1) 3x = 24
= 23. (3) Let the numbers be 3x, 3x +
2 x=8 3 and 3x + 6
\ 51 + 52 + ..... + 100 \ Three consecutive no's whose
\ 3x + 3x + 3 + 3x + 6 = 72
= (1 + 2 + ....... 100) – (1 + 2 + ... sum is 27 are 8, 9,10. Hence,
+ 50) next 3 consecutive no's having Þ 9x + 9 = 72
36 as sum are 11, 12 and 13 Þ 9x = 72 – 9 = 63
100 ´ 101 50 ´ 51
= - 63
n (n + 1)
2 2
16. (3) Q 1 + 2 + 3 + ... + n = Þx= =7
= 5050 – 1275 = 3775 2 9
11. (4) The two-digit numbers are : \ 1 + 2 + 3 + .. + 25 \ Largest number
10, 11, 12, ..... 97, 98, 99 = 3x + 6 = 3 × 7 + 6 = 27
25 (25 + 1)
We know that, = = 25 × 13 24. (3) Sum of all multiples of 3 upto
2 50
1+ 2 + 3 + 4 + ..... + n
Hence, 13 is a factor of required = 3 + 6 + ..... + 48
n (n + 1) sum.
= = 3 (1 + 2 + 3 + .... + 16)
2 17. (2) 22 + 24 + 26 + ... + 50
\ Required sum = (1 + 2 + 3 + = 2 (11 + 12 + 13 + .... + 25) 3 ´ 16(16 + 1)
= = 3 × 8 × 17
......+ 99)–(1+2+ ..... + 9) = 2 [(1 + 2 + 3 + ... + 25) 2
– (1 + 2 + 3 ... + 10)] = 408
99(99 + 1) 9(9 + 1)
=
2
-
2 FG
25 ´ 26 10 ´ 11
-
IJ LMQ1 + 2 + 3 + ......+n = n(n + 1) OP
= 4950 – 45 = 4905
= 2 H
2 2 K N 2 Q
12. (4) S = 1 + 3 + 5 + ..... to 50 terms = 2 (325 – 55) = 2 × 270 = 540 25. (4) Sum of first n odd natural
Here, a = 1 Method 2 : numbers = n2 = (20)2 = 400
d=3–1=2
Tricky Approach 400
n = 50
\ Required average = = 20
Sum of first n even numbers 20
n
\ S= 2a + (n - 1) d = n (n + 1)
2 26. (3) Let the numbers be x and y.
\ Required sum = Sum of 25
even numbers from 1 to 50 – sum According to the question,
50
= 2 ´ 1 + (50 - 1) ´ 2 of 10 even numbers from 1 to 20 x + 2y = 8 .... (i)
2
= 25×26 – 10 × 11 = 650 – 110 x – y = 2 ....... (ii)
= 25 (2 + 98) = 25 × 100
= 540 By equation (i) – (ii),
= 2500
18. (3) x + x + 2 + x + 4 + x + 6 = 748
13. (4) According to the question, 2y + y = 8 – 2
Þ 4x + 12 = 748
First number = a = 103 Þ 3y = 6 Þ y = 2
Þ 4x = 748 – 12 = 736
Last number = l = 998
736 From equation (ii),
\ If the number of such num- = 184
Þx= x–2=2Þx=4
bers be n, then, 4

SME–64
NUMBER SYSTEM
27. (3) Let the numbers be : 3x, 3x + 2
5. (2) Expression = 0. 63 + 0. 37
3 and 3x + 6 e a + b j = a + b + 2 ab
According to the question,
63 37 100
3x + 3x + 3 + 3x + 6 = 45 = + = Here, a + b < a + b + 2 ab
99 99 99
Þ 9x + 9 = 45
6. (3) Expression Clearly, a +b < a + b
Þ 9x = 45 – 9 = 36

Þ x=
36
=4
e j
= 0.11 + 0. 22 ´ 3 13. (3) 18225 =135,
9
17956 = 134
\ The smallest number F 11 + 22 IJ ´ 3
= GH
= 3x = 3 × 4 = 12 99 99 K 63592 = 25217
.
28. (4) Let the required largest num- In a perfect square number 2
ber be x. 33 99 never comes at the unit's place.
= ´3 = =1
According to the question, 99 99 14. (3) 0.142857 ¸ 0. 285714
x + x – 5 + x – 10 = 225 1 FG
494 IJ 142857 285714
Þ 3x – 15 = 225 7. (2)
5
+ 999 +
H
495
´ 99
K = ¸
999999 999999
Þ 3x = 225 + 15 = 240
1 FG 1 IJ 142857 1
\x=
240
3
= 80
=
5 H
+ 999 + 1 –
495
´ 99
K = =
285714 2
1 99 15. (4) 5.76 - 2. 3
= + 999 ´ 99 + 99 –
TYPE-VII 5 495 76 3 76 3
=5+ -2- = 3 + -
1 1 99 9 99 9
1. (2) Check through options = + 98901 + 99 – = 99000
The numbers are :8, 12, 5, 20 5 5 76 - 33 43
8. (2) (1 * 2) * 3 = (1 + 2 × 6) * 3 =3+ =3+ = 3. 43
2. (3) 12345679 × 72 = 888888888 99 99
1 = 13 * 3 = (13 + 3 × 6)
3. (4) Given : 0.111.....= = 13 + 18 = 31 FG 1IJ FG
1 IJ FG1 – 1IJ ......FG1 – 1 IJ
9
9. (2) The given expression
16. (2) 1 –
H 3 KH
1–
4 K H 5K H n K
0.444...... = 4 ´ 0.111....
995 2 3 4 n –1 2
1 4 = 999 ´ 999 = ´ ´ ´........´ =
= 4´ = 999 3 4 5 n n
9 9
We observe that denominator of
·
31 – 3 FG
= 999 +
995 IJ a term cancels with the numera-
4. (3) 8.31 = 8
90 H 999
999
K tor of the succeeding term

995 8768 - 8
28 748 17. (2) 2.8768 = 2
=8 = = 999 × 999 + × 999 9990
90 90 999
= (1000 – 1) 999 + 995 8760 292
· 6 =2 =2
0. 6 = = 999000 – 999 + 995 9990 333
9 = 999000 – 4 = 998996 18. (3) When we multiply 2 and 5 (at
·
unit place) we get a zero
2 10. (4) Expression = 1.2 ´ 0. 03
0.002 = \ Number of zeros = The num-
900 ber of zeros in the end in the
2 3 11 3 1
· · · = 1 ´ = ´ = product of 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60,
9 99 9 99 27
\ 8.31+ 0. 6+ 0.00 2 70, 80, 90, 100, 110, 120, 130,
= 0. 037 140, 150, 160, 170, 180, 190
748 6 2 and 200 = 24
= + +
90 9 900 1 19. (4) 77777777 ÷ 77 = 1010101
11. (1) 3.718 = (Given)
0.2689 20. (3) Expression
7480 + 600 + 2 8082
= = = 8.3 1 + 0.6 + 0.002
900 900 1 10000
\ =
0.0003718 3.718
8082 979 – 97 = 8.31 1
=8= =8 = 0.2689 ×10000 = 2689 +0.666
900 900
2 +0.002
= 8.97 9
·
12. (3) e a +b j =a+b
8.979

SME–65
NUMBER SYSTEM
28. (4) Let the number of students 33. (3) In 2m × 5n, the number of
21. (1) 0. 2 + 0. 3 + 0. 32
be n. zeros
2 3 32 So, each of n students got 2n = n when m ³ n
= + + chocolates = m when m < n
9 9 99
Total no. of chocolates Here, 128 = 27
22 + 33 + 32 87 = (2n) × n = 800 In 1 × 3 × 5 × 7 × ... × 99
= = = 0. 87
99 99 Þ 2n2 = 800 multiples of 5 are 5, 15, 25, 35,
Þ n2 = 400 Þ n = 20 45, 55, 65, 75, 85, 95 (= 510)
22. (2) Expression = 0. 63 + 0. 37 29. (3) A product gets 0 at its end Clearly, 7 zeros will be found in
when the product.
63 37 100 (i) a multiple of 5 is multiplied 34. (3) According to question
= + =
99 99 99 by an even number or x2 + y2 = 100 ...(i)
(ii) a multiple of 10 is multiplied x2 – y2 = 28 ...(ii)
51.84 5184 by any number. Adding both the equations
23. (2) = = 12
4.32 432 All the given numbers are even x2 + y2 = 100
and do not contain any multiple x2 – y2 = 28
0.005184 5184 1 of 5. So, zeros at the end of the --------------
\ = ´ product will come only on mul-
0.432 432 1000 2x2 = 128
tiplications by multiples of 10.
Þ x2 = 64 \x=8
12 Multiples of 10 that lie in the giv-
= 0.012 From the equation (i)
= en range from 2 to 100 are 10,
1000 y2 = 100 – 64 \ y = 6
20, 30, 40,50, 60, 70, 80, 90 and
24. (3) 100. Each of these multiples will So, x + y = 8 + 6 = 14

FG 2 + 1IJ FG 3 + 1IJ FG 4 + 1IJ .... FG 120 + 1IJ yield one zero except 100 which
will yield two zeros at the end of 35. (3)
2 3 4
´ ´ ´...´
98
´
99
H 2 K H 3 K H 4 K H 120 K the product.
3 4 5 99 100
\ Total no. of zeros at the prod- 2 1
3 4 5 121 = =
= ´ ´ ´.....´ uct = 9 + 2 = 11 100 50
2 3 4 120 30. (3) Number of digits from 1 to 9 36. (2) Let the numbers be x and y.
=9 xy = 120
121
= = 60.5 Number of digits used in writing
2 x2 + y2 = 289
from 10 to 50
(x – y)2 = x2 + y2– 2xy
25. (1) Let x and y be the two num- = 41 × 2 = 82
bers. Then, = 289 – 2× 120 = 289 – 240 = 49
\ Total digits = 82 + 9 = 91
xy = 375 and x + y = 40
\x–y=7
31. (3) Let the number be x.
37. (2) Let the numbers be x and y.
x+y \ According to question, \ x + y = 10 and xy = 24
\ Sum of reciprocals = 2x + 20 = 8x – 4
xy x + y 1 1 10 5
or 8x – 2x = 20 + 4 \ = + = =
xy y x 24 12
40 8 or 6x = 24
= = \x=4 1 2
375 75 38. (4) Expression = 99+ + 99+
32. (3) Let the original number of 7 7
26. (3) Let the two numbers be x and
friends be x. 3 6
y. + 99+ + ..... + 99 +
108 108 7 7
\ x + y = 12 and xy = 35 \ x –3– x = 3
1 1 y + x 12 FG 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 IJ
+ = = F x - x + 3 IJ = 3 = (99 × 6) +H 7 7 7 7 7 7K
x y xy 35 Þ 108 G
H x ( x - 3) K F 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 IJ
= 594 + GH
27. (3) Let two numbers be x and y.
x+y=3
Þ x (x – 3) = 108 7 K
x2 + y2 = 12
Þ x2 – 3x – 108 = 0
21
Þ (x + y)2 = (3)2 Þ x2 –12 x + 9x –108 = 0 = 594 + = 594 + 3 = 597
7
Þ (x– 12) + 9 (x – 12) = 0
Þ x2 + y2 + 2xy = 9 39. (4) Let number of boys = x
Þ (x – 12) (x + 9) = 0
Þ 12 + 2xy = 9 and number of girls = 85 – x
Þ x = 12 as x ¹ – 9
Þ 2xy = – 3 According to the question,
\ The number of friends who x × 4 + (85 – x ) × 5 = 380
3 attended the picnic
Þ xy = – = 12 – 3 = 9
Þ 4x + 425 – 5x = 380
2 Þ x = 45

SME–66
NUMBER SYSTEM
40. (2) Let one of the positive num- Þ 3x (x – 5) + 10 (x – 5) = 0
132 ´ 3
bers be x. Þ (x – 5) (3x – 10) = 0 Þ x = = 36
\ The other will be 4x 11
-10 \ Required difference
Now, 4x × x = 2500 Þ x = 5 or
3
Þ x2 = 2500 ÷ 4 = 625 2x x 36
But the number is natural. = x- = = = 12
\ x = 625 = 25 3 3 3
-10
\ Sum of the two numbers \ x ¹ 48. (2) Let the two digit number be
3 10y + x.
= 5x = 5 × 25 =125
41. (4) Let the ten’s digit be x Hence, the required number = 5. According to the question,
45. (3) Let the number be x and y 10y + x = 5 (x + y)
\ Unit’s digit = x + 2
and x > y. Þ 10y + x – 5x – 5y = 0
Therefore, the two digit number
x–y=3 ...(i) Þ 5y – 4x = 0 ....(i)
= 10x + x + 2 x2 + y2 = 369 ...(ii) And,
= 11x + 2 ...(i) From equation (i) 10y + x + 9 = 10x + y
Again, x–y=3 Þ 9x – 9y = 9
(11x + 2) (x + x + 2) Þ (x – y)2 = 32 Þx–y=1 ... (ii)
= 144 Þ x2 + y2 – 2xy = 9 From equation (i),
Þ (11x + 2) (2x + 2) = 144 Þ 2xy = (x2 + y2) – 9 Þ 5y – 4(1 + y) = 0
(11x + 2) (x + 1) = 72 = 369 – 9 = 360 [From (ii)]
Þ 11x2 + 2x + 11x + 2 = 72 From equation (ii) Þ 5y – 4 – 4y = 0
Þ 11x2 + 13x – 70 = 0 Now,(x + y)2 = x2 + y2 + 2xy Þy=4
Þ 11x2 – 22x + 35x – 70 = 369 + 360 = 729 \ From equation (ii),
=0 \ x + y = 729 = 27 x=4+1=5
Þ 11x (x – 2) + 35 (x – 2) = 0 \ Number = 10 × 4 + 5 = 45
\ Required sum = 27
Þ (x – 2) (11x + 35) = 0 \ Sum of digits = 4 + 5 = 9
46. (3) Let the unit’s digit be x.
49. (4) The number of multiples of
35 \ Ten’s digit = x – 2 130 are obtained by dividing
Þ x = 2, – \ Number = 10 (x – 2) + x
11 1000 by 130. The quotient i.e. 7
= 10x – 20 + x = 11x – 20 gives the result.
35 New number obtained after re-
But x = – 50. (4) Zeros are obtained if there is
11 versing the digits any zero at the end of any multi-
is not admissible. = 10x + x – 2 = 11x – 2 plicand and if 5 or multiple of 5
\ The number = 11x + 2 According to the question, are multiplied by any even num-
= 11 × 2 + 2 = 24 6 ber. i.e. (5) n (2)m has n zeros if n
42. (2) Let the number of correct an- 3(11x – 20) + (11x – 2) = 108 < m or m zeros if m < n
7
swers be x Now, we obtain the index of 5 as
\ The no. of incorrect answers 2 follows :
Þ (11x – 20) + (11x – 2) = 36
= 20 – x 7 LM1000 OP + LM1000 OP
According to the question,
x – (20 – x) = 8
Þ 77x – 140 + 22x – 4 = 252
Þ 99x = 252 + 144
Index =
N 5 Q N 52 Q
Þ x – 20 + x = 8
Þ 2x = 28 Þ x = 14 396 +M
L1000 OP + LM1000 OP
43. (1) Let the number of boys = x
Þ x =
99
=4 N 53 Q N 54 Q
\ Number of 25 paise coins= x2 \ Number = 11x – 20 = 200 + 40 + 8 + 1 = 249.
According to question, = 11 × 4 – 20 = 24 Certainly, n will be less than m.
\ Sum of digits = 2 + 4 = 6 \ Number of zeros = 249
25
´ x 2 = 400 47. (3) Let the first number be x. 51. (1) Let the numbers be a and b,
100 where a > b
\ Second number = 2x,
According to the question,
x2 2x a–b=3 ...(i)
Þ = 400 Þ x2 = 1600 and third number =
4 3 a2 – b2 = 39
Þ (a + b) (a – b) = 39
Þ x = 1600 = 40 2x
Now, x + 2x + = 44 × 3 39 39
44. (2) Let the number be x. 3 = = 13
Þa+b=
According to the question, a -b 3
3 × x2 – 4 × x = x + 50 3x + 6x + 2x
Þ = 132 Þ a + b = 13 ...(ii)
Þ 3x2 – 5x – 50 = 0 3
Adding equations (i) and (ii)
Þ 3x2 – 15x + 10x – 50 = 0 Þ 11x = 132 × 3 2a = 16 Þ a = 8

SME–67
NUMBER SYSTEM
52. (2) Check through options 57. (3) Let the third number be x. 61. (4) If the first number be x, then
20 ® 20 + 7 = 27 ® 27 × 5 \ Second number = 3x x
= 135 ® 135 ÷ 9 Second number =
5
= 15 ®15 – 3 = 12 3
First number = x x
OR, We will solve the problem 2 \ x´ = 0.008
from the opposite side. 5
According to the question,
Here the remainder is 12. Þ x2 = 0.008 × 5 = 0.04
12 + 3 = 15 3x \ x = 0.04 = 0.2
15 × 9 = 135 + 3x + x = 44 × 3
2 \ Smaller number
135 ÷ 5 = 27
27 – 7 = 20 3x + 6 x + 2x 0.2
Þ = 44 × 3 = = 0.04
\ The original number was 20. 2 5
53. (3) Let the smallest number be x. 62. (1) Let the natural numbers be x
Þ 11x = 88 × 3 and y.
\ x × 7 = 33333....
88 ´ 3 \ Required sum = 18x + 21y
33333 ....
Þ x = = 47619 Þx= = 24 = 3 (6x + 7y)
7 11
Hence, the sum is divisible by 3.
54. (2) Let the two digit number be = \ The largest number \ Required answer = 2007
10x + y. = 3x = 3 × 24 = 72 63. (1) Let the numbers be x and y.
According to the question, \ x (x + y) = 247
58. (3) Let the two digit number be
10 x + y = 3(x + y) and y (x + y) = 114
10x + y where x > y.
Þ 10 x + y = 3x + 3y Þ x2 + xy = 247 and xy + y2
Here, x + y = 10 ...(i) = 114
Þ 10 x + y – 3x –3y = 0
Þ 7 x – 2y = 0 ...(i) and, 10x + y – 10y – x = 18 On adding;
and, Þ 9x – 9y = 18 x2 + xy + xy + y2 = 247 + 114
10 x + y + 45= 10 y + x Þ 9 (x – y) = 18 Þ x2 + 2xy + y2 = 361
Þ 10 y + x – 10x –y = 45 Þ (x + y)2 = 192 Þ x + y = 19
Þ x–y=2 ...(ii)
64. (4) The sum of two odd numbers
Þ 9 y – 9 x = 45 Solving equations (i) and (ii), is even. The same is the case with
Þ 9 (y – x) = 45 x = 6 and y = 4 their product.
Þy– x=5 ...(ii) \ a + b + 2ab = Even number
\ Number = 10 × 6 + 4 = 64
2 × (ii) + (i) we have 65. (2) d = 4375 + 2986 – 2361
2y –2x + 7x – 2y =10 59. (1) Let the positive integer be x. = 5000
\ 2x2 – 5x = 3 66. (3) According to the question,
10
Þ 5x = 10 Þ x =
5
=2 Þ 2x2 – 5x – 3 = 0
FG n + n + n IJ + 7 = n
From equation (ii),
Þ 2x2 – 6x + x – 3 = 0 H 2 4 5K
Þ 2x (x – 3) + 1 (x – 3) = 0
y –2 = 5 Þ y = 2 + 5 = 7
Þ (x – 3) (2x + 1) = 0
Þ GH
F 10n + 5n + 4n IJ + 7 = n
\ Number = 10x + y
= 2 × 10 +7 = 27 1
20 K
\Sum of digits = 2 + 7 = 9 \ x = 3 and x = – is not 19n
2 Þ +7 =n
55. (1) Let the remainder in each case 20
be x. admissible.
60. (2) Let the first number be x. 19n n
Then, (2272 – x) and (875 – x) Þ n- =7Þ =7
are exactly divisible by that three \ Second number = 14–x 20 20
digit number. \ x (14 – x ) = 24 (x – 14 + x) Þ n = 20 × 7 = 140
Hence, their difference [(2272 – 67. (2) If the number of correct an-
Þ x (14 – x ) = 24 (2x – 14) swers be x, then
x) – (875 – x)] = 1397 will also be
exactly divisible by the said di- Þ 14x – x2 = 48x – 336 x × 4 – 1. (200 – x ) = 200
visor (N). Þ x2 + 34x – 336 = 0 Þ 4x – 200 + x = 200
Now, 1397 = 11×127 Þ x2 + 42x – 8x – 336 = 0 Þ 5x = 400
Since both 11 and 127 are prime Þ x (x + 42) – 8 (x + 42) = 0 400
numbers, N is 127. Þx= = 80
Þ (x + 42) (x – 8) = 0 5
\ Sum of digits = 1+ 2 + 7 = 10 68. (2) Let the number of correct an-
56. (1) Let the numbers be x and y \ x = 8 as x ¹ – 42
swers be x.
respectively. \ Second number = 14 – 8 = 6
\ x × 4 – (75 – x ) × 1 = 125
\ x + y = 12 and xy = 35 \ Larger number = 8 Þ 4x –75 + x = 125
1 1 x + y 12 Note : It is preferable to solve it Þ 5x = 125 + 75 = 200
\ x + y = xy = 35 by oral calculation with the help 200
of given alternatives. \ x= = 40
5

SME–68
NUMBER SYSTEM
69. (1) Let the numbers be a and b. 75. (2) Let the number be 100 (2x) + 82. (4) Expression
According to the question, 10y + x = 201x + 10y .....(i)
ab = 120 ... (i) \ 2x + y + x = 18 FG 99 + 95 IJ ´ 99
and a2 + b2 = 289 ... (ii) Þ 3x + y = 18 .....(ii)
= H 99 K
\ (a + b)2 = a2 + b2 + 2ab When the digits are reversed, = 99 × 99 + 95
= 289 + 2 × 120 number = 99(100 – 1) + 95
= 289 + 240 = 529
= 100(x) + 10y + 2x =9900 – 99 + 95 = 9896
\ a + b = 529 = 23 = 102x + 10y .....(iii) 83. (4) Marbles in the 50th box will
70. (4) Let the numbers be x and y. \ 201x +10y – 102x – 10y = 396 be kept by 1st, 2nd, 5th, 10th,
According to the question, Þ 99x = 396 Þ x = 4 25th and 50th persons.
x + y = 11 ....(i) [There are the factors of 50].
\ From equation (i)
xy = 18 ...(ii)
Dividing equation (i) by 3 × 4 + y = 18 \ Number of marbles
equation (ii) Þ y = 18 – 12 = 6 = 1 + 2 + 5 + 10 + 25 + 50 = 93
x + y 1 1 11 \ Required difference = 2x – y = 84. (2) Number of pants
= + = 2×4–6=2
xy y x 18
76. (1) Let the two digit number be 252 252 ´ 2
71. (1) Let number of grapes eaten = = = 100
10y + x where x > y 1
on the first day be x. 2 5
\ x + x + 6 + x + 12 + x + 18 + \ 10x + y – 10y – x = 63 2
x + 24 = 100 Þ 9x – 9y = 63
Number of shirts
Þ 5x + 60 = 100 Þx–y=7
Þ 5x = 100 – 60 = 40 \ x = 7, 8, 9 and y = 0, 1, 2 141 ´ 4
77. (3) Let the required number be x. = » 80
40 7
Þx= =8 \ x2 + x = 2 × 3 × 5
5 85. (3) 323 = 17 × 19
Þ x2 + x – 30 = 0
72. (1) Let the original number bex. 86. (2) Let one of the positive num-
Þ x2 + 6x – 5x – 30 = 0
According to the question ber be x.
7.2 × x – 0.72 × x = 2592 Þ x (x + 6) – 5 (x + 6) = 0
Þ (x – 5) (x + 6) = 0 \ The other will be 4x
Þ x (7.2 – 0.72) = 2592
Þx=5 Now, 4x × x = 2500
Þ x × 6.48 = 2592
78. (2) Number of hens = x Þ x2 = 2500 ÷ 4 = 625
2592
Þx= \ Number of cows = 48 – x \ x = 625 = 25
6.48
\ 2x + (48 – x ) × 4 = 35 × 4
\ Sum of the two numbers
2592 ´ 100 Þ 2x + 192 – 4x = 140
= = 400 4x + x = 5x = 5 × 25 =125
648 Þ 2x = 192 – 140 = 52
87. (2) If the number of correct sums
73. (3) Let the numbers be x, y and z. Þ x = 26
be x, then,
\ x + y = 55 ....(i) 79. (1) Length of the road = 1000 me-
x × 3 – (30 –x) × 2 = 40
y + z = 65 ....(ii) tre
3x + z = 110 ....(iii) Number of plants on one side of Þ 3x – 60 + 2x = 40
By equation (iii) – (ii), Þ 5x = 60 + 40 = 100
1000
3x – y = 110 – 65 = 45 ....(iv) the road = + 1 = 51 Þ x = 20
By equation (i) + (iv), 20
4x = 45 + 55 = 100 \ Total number of plants a
88. (4) a * b = a + b +
Þ x = 25 = 2 × 51 = 102 b
From equation (iii),
75 + z = 110 FG 999 + 98 IJ ´ 99 12
Þ z = 110 – 75 = 35 80. (1) H 99 K
\ 12 * 4 = 12 + 4 +
4
74. (3) Let unit’s digit be x. = 16 + 3 = 19
= 999 × 99 + 98
Ten’s digit = x + 5
= (1000 – 1) 99 + 98 89. (2) Number of trees on each side
Number = 10 (x + 5) + x
= 99000 – 99 + 98 = 98999 of the road
= 11x + 50
81. (4) If the number be 10x + y then [+1 because we would start with
Again,
number obtained by reversing a tree]
11x + 50 – 5 (2x + 5)
the digits = 10y + x.
= 10x + x + 5 1760
\ 10x + y + 10y + x = 11 (x + y) = + 1 = 88 + 1 = 89
Þ 11x + 50 – 10x – 25 = 11x + 5
If x + y = 11 the possible pairs 20
Þ 10x = 20 Þ x = 2
are= (2, 9), (3, 8), (4, 7) and (5, 6) \ Required answer
\ Required sum
= 2x + 5 = 2 × 2 + 5 = 9 \ Required answer = 8 = 89 × 2 = 178

SME–69
NUMBER SYSTEM
90. (2) A + B= 3 (B + C)
180 \ By equation (i) + 4 × (ii),
A + B + C = A + 30 \ Quotient = = 15 4x – 5y = 3
12
B=5C 8y – 4x = 12
\ A + B = 3 (B + C) \ Dividend = Divisor × Quotient
+ Remainder 3y = 15
Þ A + 5C = 18C Þ A = 13C
= 180 × 15 + 36 Þ y=5
\ A + B + C = A + 30
= 2700 + 36 = 2736 From equation (ii),
13C + 5C + C = 13C + 30
97. (1) If the numbers be x and y, 2×5–x=3Þ
Þ 6C = 30 x = 10 – 3 = 7
then
ÞC=5
x + y = 8 ....... (i) \ Sum of digits = x + y = 7 + 5 =12
Þ A = 13 × 5 = 65
xy = 15 ...... (ii) 102. (3) Every rational number is a
91. (3) If the numbers be x and y, real number.
Dividing equation (i) by (ii)
then
103. (4) 0.01 < 0.015 < 0.12
x + y = a and xy = b x +y 8 x y 8
= + = Þ – 0.01 > – 0.015 > – 0.12
1 1 x +y a xy 15 Þ xy xy 15
Þp<r<q
\ y + x = xy =
b 1 1 8 104. (2) A + B = 120
Þ y + x = 15 B + C = 130
999
92. (4) 999 ´7 C + A = 140
1000 98. (3) Suppose number is x.
\ 3 (2x + 9) = 75 On adding,
FG 999 + 999 IJ ´ 7 Þ 6x + 27 = 75 2 (A + B + C) = 120 + 130 + 140
= H 1000 K Þ 6x = 48 Þ x = 8 = 390
6993 99. (3) Q a * b = a + b – ab 390
= 6993 + \ 5 * 7 = 5 + 7 – 5 × 7 = 12 – 35 ÞA+B+C= = 195
1000 2
= – 23
993 \ Marks obtained by C = Marks
= 6993 + 6 100. (3) 12 months’ salary obtained by (A + B + C) – Marks
1000
= 90 + turban obtained by (A + B)
993
= 6993 + 6 + \ 9 months’ salary = 195 – 120 = 75
1000
9 105. (1) Required answer
993 =( 90 + turban) ×
= 6999 12 1 1
1000 = = = 0.0059
93. (2) Total number of workers 3 3 7 ´ 24 168
= 90 ´ + turban
= 125 × 9 = 1125 4 4 . . . .
94. (1) Expression 106. (3) x = 0.3+ 0. 6 + 0. 7 + 0. 8
135 3
1 2 6 = + turban 3 6 7 8
= 999 + 999 +...+999
2 4 = + + +
7 7 7 9 9 9 9
135 3
\
F 1I F 2I
= G 999 + J + G 999 + J +.......
2
+
4
turban
=
3 + 6 + 7 + 8 24 8
= = = 2
2
H 7K H 7K = 65 + turban
9 9 3 3
107. (2) Let the number of oranges
F 6I
+ G 999 + J \
1
turban =
135
- 65 =
5 with Natu be x.
H 7K 4 2 2 Number of oranges with Buch-
ku = y
5
F 1 2 3 6I
= (6 × 999) + G + + +...+ J
\ Turban Þ ´4 = 10 Case I,
H 7 7 7 7K 2
101. (3) Let the number be 10x + y.
x + 10 = 2 (y – 10)
Þ x + 10 = 2y – 20

= 5994 + G
F 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 IJ Dividend = Divisor × quotient + Þ 2y – x = 20 + 10 = 30 ..(i)
H 7 K remainder Case II,
\ 10x + y = 6(x + y) + 3 y + 10 = x – 10
21 Þ 10x + y = 6x + 6y + 3 Þ x – y = 10 + 10 = 20 ... (ii)
= 5994 + = 5994 + 3= 5997 On adding equations (i) and (ii),
7 Þ 10x – 6x + y – 6y = 3
95. (1) 228 = 70 × 3 + 18 Þ 4x – 5y = 3 ....(i) 2y – x + x – y = 30 + 20
Þ y = 50
96. (3) Divisor = 5 × remainder Again, 10y + x = 4 (x + y) + 9
From equation (ii),
= 5 × 36 = 180 Þ 10y + x = 4x + 4y + 9
x – 50 = 20
Again, Divisor = 12 × quotient Þ 6y – 3x = 9 Þ x = 50 + 20 = 70
\ 180 = 12 × quotient Þ 2y – x = 3 ....(ii)

SME–70
NUMBER SYSTEM

TEST YOURSELF
1. 64329 is divided by a certain 10. Find the number of prime factors 20. Find the greatest number of 4
number, the successive remain- in 307 × 225 × 3412 × 125. digits and the least number of 5
ders being 175, 114 and 213 re- (1) 70 (2) 65 digits which when divided by 789
spectively. What are the divisor (3) 29 (4) 69 leave a remainder 5 in each case.
and the quotient respectively ? 11. Find the number of prime factors (1) 9473, 10262(2) 9573, 10362
(1) 234 and 274 (2) 224 and 268 in the product of 2512 × 107 × 147. (3) 9673,10462 (4) 9676, 10465
(1) 50 (2) 52
(3) 468 and 232 (4) 218 and 274
(3) 51 (4) 54 SHORT ANSWERS
2. The sum of the first two of three 12. A certain number when
consecutive odd numbers is 33 successively divided by 8 and 11 1. (1) 2. (2) 3. (3) 4. (4)
more than the third number. leaves remainder 3 and 7
What is the second number ? 5. (2) 6. (1) 7. (2) 8. (4)
respectively. Find the remainder if
(1) 35 (2) 37 the same number is divided by 88. 9. (3) 10. (1) 11. (2) 12. (3)
(3) 39 (4) 33 (1) 57 (2) 51 13. (1) 14. (2) 15. (2) 16. (1)
(3) 59 (4) 61
1 17. (2) 18. (3) 19. (4) 20. (1)
3. A rational number between 13. A certain number on being
2 divided successively by 9, 11 and
13 leaves remainder 8, 9 and 8
3
respectively. What are the
EXPLANATIONS
and is :
5 remai nders when the same
number be divided by reversing 1. (1) × × × ) 64329 ( × × ×
2 3 the order of divisors? ×× ×
(1) (2)
5 5 (1) 10, 1, 6 (2) 10, 6, 2 175
Here, 643 – 175 = 468
(3) 10, 3, 3 (4) 9, 3, 2
11 \ Divisor = 468 or 234
(3) (4) None of these 14. A certain number when
20 successively divided by 3, 5 and 234) 64329 ( 274
4. How many numbers are there 8 leaves remainder 1, 2, 3
468
between 99 and 1000 such that respectively. Find the remainders
the digit 8, occupies the unit’s when the same number is divided 1752
place? by reversing the divisors. 1638
(1) 64 (2) 74 (1) 3, 2, 1 (2) 4, 1, 1
1149
(3) 82 (4) None of these (3) 4, 2, 2 (4) 1, 4, 1
15. If the sum of the digits of any 936
5. One third of the boys and one half
of the girls of a college participate number, lying between 100 and 213
in a social work project. If the 1000 is subtracted from the Divisor = 234
number, then the difference is
number of participating students Quotient = 274
always divisible by
is 300 out of which 100 are boys, 2. (2) x + x + 2 = x + 4 + 33
(1) 7 (2) 9
what is the total number of stu- Þ x + 2 = 37
(3) 11 (4) 6 3. (3) Required number
dents in the college?
16. Find the least number of five
(1) 500 (2) 700 1 3
digits which is divisible by 666. +
(3) 800 (4) None of these
(1) 10656 (2) 10665 = 2 5 = 5 + 6 = 11
6. Find the unit’s digit in the product (3) 10566 (4) 15066 2 20 20
of 437, 82, 28, 45 and 47. 17. Find the nearest num ber to 4. (4) Such numbers between 99
(1) 0 (2) 1 56586 which is exactly divisible and 200 = 10
(3) 2 (4) 3 by 552. Total numbers = 90
7. What will be the digit at unit’s (1) 58666 (2) 56856 5. (2) Total number of students
place in the value of (2467)153? (3) 58656 (4) 85656 = 100 × 3 + 400 = 700
(1) 9 (2) 7 18. Find the number nearest to 6. (1) The unit’s digits in 437, 82,
28, 45 and 47 are 7, 2, 8, 5 and
(3) 3 (4) 1 77685 which is exactly divisible
7 respectively.
8. What will be the unit’s digit in the by 720.
The product of 7, 2, 8, 5 and 7 =
value of (3127)173? (1) 78680 (2) 77700 7 × 2 × 8 × 5 × 7 = 3920
(1) 9 (2) 1 (3) 77760 (4) 78960 Since the unit’s digit in 3920 is
(3) 3 (4) 7 19. Find the number nearest to 0, hence, the unit digit of
12199 which is exactly divisible 437 × 82 × 28 × 45 × 47 will also
9. What will be the unit’s digit in the
by the product of the first four be zero.
product of (2467)153 × (341)72?
prime numbers. 7. (2) The given number = (2467)153
(1) 3 (2) 1 Here, the unit’s digit in 2467 is
(1) 12229 (2) 122208
(3) 7 (4) 9 (3) 12280 (4) 12180 7 that repeats itself after 4 times

SME–71
NUMBER SYSTEM
Now, we divide index by 4. x = 13 × 1 + 8 = 21 \ R = 282
y = 11x + 9 = 11 × 21 + 9 = 231 + D = 552
9 = 240 \ D – R = 552 – 282 = 270
z = 9y + 8 = 9 × 240 = 8 = 2160 + Here, (D – R) < R
8 = 2168. So, we get the required number
Now, divide 2168 by 13, 11 and 9. by adding (D – R) to the dividend.
13 2168 Therefore, the number nearest to
Here the remainder is 1. 56586 that is exactly divisible by
The unit’s digit in the value of 11 166 – 10 552 is
(2467)153 will be same as (7)1 = 7 9 15 – 1 56586 + 270 = 56856
8. (4) Here the unit’s digit of 3127 18. (3) We divide 77685 by 720
is 7 and the index is 173 1 – 6
So, if we divide 173 by 4, the Hence, the remainders are 10, 1
remainder is 1. and 6 respectively.
\ The required unit’s digit Remark : To determine the least
= (7)1 = 7 number, we have taken the last
9. (3) The unit’s digit in (2467)153 quotient as 1.
Here, D – R = 720 – 645 = 75 < R.
= The unit’s digit in (7)153 = The 14. (2) This problem can be solved
unit’s digit in (7)1 = 7 by determining true or complete \ The required number
= 77685 + 75 = 77760
and the unit’s digit in (341)72 = 1 remainder and dividing it by re-
versing the order of divisors. 19. (4) As we know, the first four
Because for any index to 1, the
True remainder = d1d2r3 + d1r2 + r1 prime numbers are 2, 3, 5, 7
value of unit’s digit will be 1.
Their product = 2 × 3 × 5 × 7
\ The unit’s digit in the product of Here, d1 = 3, d2 = 5, r1 = 1, r2
= 210
(2467)153 × (341)72 = 7 × 1 = 7 = 2, r3 = 3
Now, we divide 12199 by 210
10. (1) We break each base number \ True remainder = 3 × 5 × 3 +
into prime factors. 3 × 2 + 1= 45 + 6 + 1 = 52
Now, 307= (2 × 3 × 5)7= 27 × 37 × 57 Now, we divide 52 by 8, 5 and 3
225 = (2 × 11)5 = 25 × 115 8 52
3412 = (2 × 17)12 = 212 × 1712
125= (3 × 2 × 2) 5 = 35 × 25 × 25 5 6 – 4 Here, D – R = 210 – 19 = 191
\ 307 × 22 × 3412 × 125 = 27 3 1 – 1 So, (D – R) > R.
× 37 × 57 × 25 × 115 × 212 × Hence, the required number
1712 × 35 × 25 × 25 0 1 = 12199 – R = 12199 – 19
= 27+5+12+5+5 × 37+5 × 57 × 115 × 1712 Hence, the remainders are 4, 1 = 12180
= 234 × 312 × 57 × 115 × 1712 and 1. 20. (1) The greatest number of 4 dig-
\ The required number of prime 15. (2) Any number between 100 its = 9999
factors and 1000 may be written as Now, we divide 9999 by 789
= 34 + 12 + 7 + 5 + 12 = 70 100m + 10n + K where 0 < m <
11. (2) We break each base number 9, 0 < n < 9 and 0 < K < 9.
into prime factors. \ (100m + 10n + K) – (m + n + K)
Now, 2512 = 99m + 9n
= (5 × 5) 12 = 512 × 512 = 9 (11m + n) = multiplie of 9.
107 = (2 × 5) 7= 27 × 57 Hence divisible by 9. Thus, when 9999 – 531= 9468 is
and , 147 = (2 × 7)7 = 27 × 77 16. (1) The least number of five dig- divided by 789, no remainder is left.
\ 2512 × 107 × 147= 512 × 512 its = 10000 The required greatest number of
× 2 7 × 5 7 × 2 7 × 77 Now, we divide 10000 by 666 4 digits = 9468 + 5 = 9473
= 512 + 12 + 7 × 27 + 7 × 77 = 531 × The least number of 5 digits
214 × 77 = 10000
\ Number of prime factors= 31
+ 14 + 7 = 52
12. (3) It is to be noted that 88= 8 × 11
Here, d1 = 8, d2 = 11, r1 = 3, r2 = 7. Here, we have 10 as remainder.
Where d1, d2 are divisors and r1 Therefore, the least number to be
and r2 are respective remainders. added to the least number of 5 Remainder = 532
\ Required remainder = d1r2 + r1 digits, i.e., 10000 to get the least \ The least number of 5 digits
= 8 × 7 + 3 = 56 + 3 = 59 number of 5 digits which is exactly divisible by 789
13. (1) We proceed to find the num- exactly divisible by 666 is 666– = 10000 + (789 – 532)
ber that is least as mentioned 10 or 656. = 10000 + 257 = 10257
below. Hence, the required number \ The required number
= 10000 + 656 = 10656. = 10257 + 5 = 10262
9 z 17. (2) We divide 56586 by 552 Remark : If 532 is subtracted
11 y – 8 from 10000 the number
obtained 9468 is exactly divisible
13 x – 9 by 789 but in that case, the
number will not be of 5 digits but
1 – 8
of 4 digits. ppp

SME–72