0 views

Uploaded by Venkat

CBSE class 1 - Motion in straight line pratice problems

- soln
- TA
- TA
- trex
- Brain Ly 06242018
- nht
- Sta
- Motion in a Plane
- measurement
- up
- 11_computer_science_notes_unit1_python_prog_simpledatatype.pdf
- 11_computer_science_notes_unit1_python_prog_simpledatatype.pdf
- Ans 0624
- Basics
- Ans 0623
- Bbb
- Module 2_Trading Technical Analysis
- Air conditioning Principles and Systems Edward Pita Solution Chapter-7 Problem 20
- fatigue__creep_problems_solution.pdf
- TA

You are on page 1of 11

woxiwnnoek@UjOUrNal.in
Motion in
a Straight Line
Frame of Reference
Motion of an abject is the change in its position with
respect to time generally, a three dimensional coordinate
system consisting of three mutually perpendicular axes, x,
and 2 is used to describe motion, The point at which all,
the three axes meet is the origin and this point serves as
the reference point to find the position of an object
The three dimensional coordinate system along with a
clock to measure time is known as frame of reference. If
the value of any coordinate of the three coordinates x, y
and z of an objet changes with respect to time than the
object is considered to be in motion
Frame of reference can be of two types
tet mmaed leon She New
law of motion holds good.
‘© Non intertial frame of reference : In thi
first law of motion does not hold good.
\
oe swe
ition of the object
thsen arigin. Positions
ositive and left of origin
Motion in a Straight Line
Th describe motion along, a straig
an axis, say x-axis, 50 sana
object. Then one can meas
{with roforonce ta a con
to the right of origin is
is taken as negative,
Distance and Displacement
Distance isa measure ofthe ength ofthe path taken during
the change in position of an object. Ite aesalar quantity,
Displacement is a measure of the change in position of
an object. 1 is a vector quantity. SI unit of distance and
dlzplacement ia metre (2),
Position-Time Graph
+ Themotionofanobjectcanbe graphically
represented by position time graph.
Position time graph of astationary object
iva sive i Figute ().
If an object is travelling equal distance
inoqual intervals of time, then its said
to be in uniform motion. The position-
time graph of an object undergoing
uniform mations as show in Figur (i.
29)
xe
+ an object is oa ual x)
distance in equal int or
vce versa, the objestas it to ben | 7
pananionn RQ pst
Figur oat
time graph for an es onergcing
ron uniforiumotiow is as shown in
fg WO
ee
cS responding time taken by the object.
‘object in motion isthe ratio of total path length
total path length
time taken
+ nuorm speed : An object Is sald to be moving with
tuniform speed, if it covers equal distances in equal
Intervals of time.
Average speed : Iti the ratio ofthe total distance travelled
by the body to the total time taken
total distance travelnd
Average Speed = otal time taken
Instantaneous speed : Ibis the speed of an object ata given
instant of time,
Velocity
Velocity of an object is the ratio of displacement and the
corresponding time interval taken by the object
displacement
time taken
Velocity
It is a vector quatity. SI unit of velocity ism sh Its
tesa Kris [MOLT
Uniform velocity : An object is said to be moving with
tuniform velocity fit undergoes equal displacements in
equal intervals of time, however small these intervals may
be.
Instantancous velocity : The velocity of an object at any
given instant of time is known as instantaneous velocity
Instantaneous velocit
Average velocity ¢ It is the ratio of displacement to the
time interval for which the motion takes place.
hitps:ittmelEstore33_comMotion in a Straight Line
lsplacement
Average volt = splacemen
Acceleration
Acceleration of an object in motion is defined as the ratio
of change in velocity and the corresponding time taken by
the object
change in velocity
Acceleration = Hane woos
leis a vector quantity SI unit of acceleration is m =. its
worwmoek@ujournal.in
13
When an object is moving with sine)
positiveconstant acceleration with
some initial velocity, the velocity-
time graph is stright line as shown Lg
in igure (i, ‘Figure
= When an object is moving with sine)
increasingacceleration, having zero
initial velocity, the velocity-time
sgraph is a curve as shown in figure ay.)
oy Figure i
© When an object is moving with
dimensional formula is MPLT=] vn’
Uniform acceleration : An objet is sid to be moving __SonSaninegative acceleration having
witha uniform acelertionifits velocity changesty equal stv inal veloc, tha velacty
unorm aceeration i fine gaphaina a ra
tenors in equal interval of ime time graph is a
Average acceleration : 18 the ato of ftal change in
velocity ofthe objet during motion othe tal time ken. Positon-tie graph asad motion,
Imanlaneoee saseaien "The aeeaton of fe When magne mene wih
Shiectat piven inetancoG tne incalied ks Inotentansaoue mi tyé acceleration, L-7
acceleration, pos raph is 2 curve os
ws
Instantaneous accleration = jim SY 2 ure (i) Figee
mar a
Equations of motion fora uniformly accelerated motion tf te mong. ih
Bavations o tive assertion, thon positon 7
: ime api Bown
os enteda? figure. =r
«tw = When an object is moving wih *%
- negative acceleration, then positon
Tne graph ire ctrngh ic as shoven
eciy intigure i. Cr
= fina velocity
a Fae heed lementary concept oF aitrentiation and integration
oasis for describing motion
‘These equations
Uniform. In case of
if the acceleration is non
jon of an object under gravity,
acceleration a is replaced by g, acceleration due to gravity.
Velucity-tine graph for ann accelerated motion
© When an object is moving with zero. sag")
acceleration, that is with constant
velocity, the velocity-tme graph is a
straight line as shown in figure. gH)
= When an object is moving with © "=
constantpositive acceleration, having “5?
zero initial velocity its velocity graph
isa straight line as shown in figure
i rg
Ian object moving with velocity 2 along a straight line,
the velocity ata time tis given by
ae
a
‘where dis the displacement ofthe object
If an object is moving in a straight line with uniform
acceleration, then
do
a
where dois the change in acceleration in time dt
Also distance travelled by a particle
x-feu
Velocity of par,
fate
hitps:ittmelEstore33_comwoxiwnnoek@UjOUrNal.in
> >) EXAMDRILL & &
1. A person walks up a stationary escalator in time fy
If he remains stationary on the escalator, then it can
take him up in ime f. How mtzch fime would i fake
him to walk up the moving escalator?
oy th oie
( @ hth
2 Thevelocity-time graph of +1)
abody ishownin figure.
Thedteparemententered
tythebodyingsis
@) 9m
© 2m 2
(© 10m =~
(@) 28m
3. A streamer moves with velocity 3 km h-! in and
‘against the direction of river water whose velocity is
2 km hl. Calculate its total time for total joumey if
the boat travela 2 lum in dircetion of the ofream and
then back to his place.
(@ 2h @) 25h
© 24h @ 4h
4. Aboyofmass50kgisstandingon a weighit
placed on the floor ofa lift. The machi is
‘weight in N. What is the reading of ine if
the lift is moving upwards with tiniformspeed of
1 ms? (Take g= 10. ms)
(@) S10N &
(©) 490N
© Aes?
© devs
5A cae necolonaton fren vost at a eematant rate ov fr
some time, after which it decelerates at a constant
rate to come to reat. If the total time elapsed is # the
‘maximum velocity acquired by the car is
@) lsh) ob
®) ap » ‘Ha+B)
at ca) (abt
8 (a+B) ® ap
7. Two particles move tn the same straight Line starting
from the same position. The first moves with constant
velocity u and the second with eonstant acceleration f
1.
uw
16.
During the time clapses before the second catches the
first greatest distance between the particles is
@F oF
9 £ af
© Pr (d) #
‘A body falling from a high minaret travels 40.m in
the last 2 of its fall to ground. Height of minaret is
[Take g=10m 2]
(@) 60m 45m
(© 80m id) 50m
A particle movi ‘plane according to the law
sti. The distance traversed,
aes” oe
Is freely from rest and the total distance
by it in the last second of its motion equals
es
Qu Sees
Sees
@) 6s () 58
© 7s (@) as
A body is fred vertically upwards. At half the
maximum height, the wolocity of the body. is
0 ms". The maximum height raised by the body
(lake g=10ms)
@ 5m (&) 10m
© Bm (a) 20m
Appantcle moves along a straight line OX. Ata time £
(in seconds) the distance x (in metres) of the particle
from O's given by x=40+ 121~#
How long would the particle travel before coming to
rest?
(@) 24m ) 40m
12m (@) 16m
‘A drunkard walking in a narrow lane takes 8 steps
forward and 6 steps hackward. followed again by
Bsteps forward and 6 steps backward and so on. Each
step is 1m long and requires 1s, Determine how long
the drunkard takes to fallin a pit 18m avay from the
start
@) 18s (0) 1265
© Ts (a) es
A ball Ais thrown up vertically with a speed w and
at the same instant another ball Bis released from @
Iheight h Attime tthe speed af A relative to is
@) (0)
© we @
Acar covers the frst one-third of a distance x at a
speed of 10 km hr", the second one-third at a speed
of 20 km fr! and the last one-third at a speed of
hitps:ittmelEstore33_com

- solnUploaded byVenkat
- TAUploaded byVenkat
- TAUploaded byVenkat
- trexUploaded byVenkat
- Brain Ly 06242018Uploaded byVenkat
- nhtUploaded byVenkat
- StaUploaded byVenkat
- Motion in a PlaneUploaded byVenkat
- measurementUploaded byVenkat
- upUploaded byVenkat
- 11_computer_science_notes_unit1_python_prog_simpledatatype.pdfUploaded byVenkat
- 11_computer_science_notes_unit1_python_prog_simpledatatype.pdfUploaded byVenkat
- Ans 0624Uploaded byVenkat
- BasicsUploaded byVenkat
- Ans 0623Uploaded byVenkat
- BbbUploaded byVenkat
- Module 2_Trading Technical AnalysisUploaded bylong20091667
- Air conditioning Principles and Systems Edward Pita Solution Chapter-7 Problem 20Uploaded byVenkat
- fatigue__creep_problems_solution.pdfUploaded byVenkat
- TAUploaded byVenkat
- Second Law of ThermodynamicsUploaded byVenkat
- Hong KongUploaded byVenkat
- 1Uploaded byVenkat
- Cookbook EnUploaded byVenkat
- Shear force and bending moment of overhanging beamUploaded byVenkat
- ghdUploaded byVenkat
- Shear Force and Bending moment with distributed, point and moment loadUploaded byVenkat
- VBA-introUploaded byGheorghe Stoian
- fluid dynamic.pdfUploaded byVenkat