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Speed of Reaction

1. Which one of the following measures will not speed up the rate of reaction
between calcium carbonate and hydrochloric acid?

A Use powdered calcium carbonate instead of calcium carbonate chips.


B Increase the temperature by 20oC.
C Shine more ultraviolet light into the reaction mixture.
D Stir the reaction mixture.

2. In an experiment, excess calcium carbonate is reacted with hydrochloric


acid and the volume of carbon dioxide is collected in a gas syringe.

Which one of the following measures (while keeping the other variables constant)
will increase both the speed of reaction and the yield of carbon dioxide?

A Increasing the concentration of hydrochloric acid.


B Using the same mass of calcium carbonate, but in a finely divided and
powdered form.
C Increasing the temperature by 10oC.
D Increasing the pressure in the reaction mixture.

3. How does a catalyst work?

A It lowers the activation energy and provides an alternative pathway for the
reaction to proceed.
B It enables reactant molecules to collide more frequently and vigorously.
C It changes its oxidation state and provide an alternative pathway for the
redox reaction to occur.
D It has empty electron shells and enable reactant molecules to bind to the
electron shells of catalyst more effectively.

4. Which of the following reactions is not affected by changes in pressure?

A barium nitrate reacts with sulphuric acid.


B carbon monoxide gas reacts with oxygen gas.
C carbon dioxide dissolves into water.
D carbon dioxide gas reacts with aqueous sodium hydroxide.
5. 2.00 g of sodium carbonate reacts with 10 cm3 of 1.00 mol/dm3
hydrochloric acid. What volume of carbon dioxide is produced at room
conditions?

A 0.0600 dm3
B 0.120 dm3
C 0.453 dm3
D 0.906 dm3

6. Which of the reactions will be the fastest?

A 1 mol/dm3 hydrogen peroxide at 25oC. No manganese(IV) oxide is added.


B 1 mol/dm3 hydrogen peroxide at 10oC with 1 g manganese(IV) oxide
added.
C 10 mol/dm3 hydrogen peroxide at 25oC with 5 g manganese(IV) oxide
added.
D 0.01 mol/dm3 hydrogen peroxide at 20oC with 20 g manganese(IV) oxide
added.

7. Sulfur is oxidized by concentrated nitric acid. The reaction is as shown:

S (s) + 6HNO3 (aq) 2H2O (l) + H2SO4 (aq) + 6NO2 (g)

(a) Sketch the graph of volume of gaseous products against time when
excess sulfur is reacted with 100 cm3 of 5 mol/dm3 nitric acid. Indicate
clearly the final volume of gas(es) obtained at room temperature and
pressure.
(b) On the same graph, label and sketch clearly when the same volume of
10 mol/dm3 nitric acid is used.
(c) What happens to the speed of reaction when another 300 cm3 of water
is added to the acid in (b)? Explain the speed of reaction using collision
theory.

8. Explain briefly collision theory when it applies to pressure of reaction


involving gases.

What information can a graph of reactant mass against time yield for calcium
carbonate reacting with hydrochloric acid?

Answers:

1. C
2. A
3. A
4. A
5. C
6. C