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Dyslexia Presentation

Hello everyone. My name is Tia Erickson. And today I'm going to be talking about dyslexia and its
effects on reading in children. This came about because I was thinking about my own experience
with reading because I have always loved reading. When I was a kid, I wouldn't be found in the
playground with all the other kids but I was always in the library reading a book or making a list
of books that I wanted to read in the future.

[00:00:22] My favorite part of school was when the teacher would give us our own reading time
or when the teachers themselves would read stories to us and just let us listen and although it
didn't like make a whole lot of sense to me growing up. I noticed that not everyone loved
reading as much as I did. My sister was one of those who especially hated reading and she
would get really bad grades in reading and no one could figure out why because when a book
was being read to her her comprehension of material was great.

[00:00:48] And so when she was in about, fourth grade they found out that she had dyslexia and
that's why it made it difficult for her to read because the letters would switch places in flop
positions that made words that look normal to the rest of us not normal to her and since finding
this out. I also learned that many of the other kids in my classes growing up that also hated
reading or had a really difficult time reading had major speech impediments or had dyslexia as
well. Not all the time, but sometimes and this made me really interested in this idea of how
reading disabilities can affect the way that kids read and learn in the classroom.

[00:01:28] And in order to continue this discussion on dyslexia. I think it's important for us to
talk about what it is and what it means and also just what it looks like.

[00:01:39] Dyslexia is a brain-based. Issue that makes it hard to learn to read accurately and
fluently and so it's sometimes called a reading disability or a reading disorder and oftentimes it
makes it difficult for people to know to see the difference between letters that have similar
shapes like p's and q's, sometimes they see words backwards or upside down and sometimes it
makes it so that they the words on the page swirl. Which makes it so that they get severe
headaches which makes it which also makes it difficult to read. And another thing that I've also
seen is that sometimes it might not be with site but they also might have a difficulty connecting
letters with sounds and which makes it difficult to read accurately out loud.

[00:02:30] And so as I move on to the next slide, I kind of want you to step into the shoes of
somebody who might struggle with dyslexia, and this will be a simulation that I want you to take
a few seconds to kind of try and read through and kind of incorporate in your mind.

[00:02:51] Now, this is a simulation done by Victor wydell who is a very renowned Swedish web
developer who had a friend who talked to him about his struggles with dyslexia. And so he came
up with this simulation to kind of. Put himself in the mind of somebody who might struggle so
that he could understand it better and I don't know about you but this is just this gives me a
headache and I can't even imagine being somebody who really struggles with this and learning
to read.

[00:03:20] To read but not only learning not only that but learning math and learning science
and learning just in general and having this struggle along with it. And I think this is important
for us to see so that we can begin to be more sympathetic about people who do have these
struggles. And as we look at the statistics - I think it's kind of alarming to contrary to Common
belief the number of children with learning disabilities, especially dyslexia has relatively High
statistics from the United States Department of Health and Human Services estimates that 15%
of the population US population or one in every.

[00:04:01] Suffers from dyslexia, I think this number shows the harsh reality for those who suffer
with dyslexia struggles with reading create dissonance. I think between them and their
Educators and it makes learning difficult and I think this tension can also last a long time and
sufferers. Don't often get the help that they need to throw the get the help that they need
because they're struggling with their with their disabilities and has those who struggle with

[00:04:30] And find it difficult to read they also face judgment from those who call their disorder
laziness this stems from Educators such as teachers and also parents who struggle with giving
children the adequate help. They need to be successful teaching those who struggle with
dyslexia is ability to work to walk the extra mile as it makes as it takes much more effort
determination and belief in the child with the disorder in with any other child.

[00:04:52] They often times need extra measures to ensure that they understand the material is
given to them Peter Shaw a professor of biochemistry at Nottingham University is one of those
critics who believes in this idea of laziness among dyslexics. He worries that abuse of the power
to receive extra help could be something that would be seen more often as more children are
diagnosed with dyslexia in an article.

[00:05:14] He states that I have sympathy for those four people who generally suffer from
dyslexia, but with other with other students I get. Impression that they are just bad at their own
language some are just inherently lazy people. They have never read books or done the work
and school that others have so according to his statement.

[00:05:33] He believes that not everyone who suffers from dyslexia are completely honest about
the severity of their struggles and use the disorder as leverage against their own laziness. also
according to statements. He in a sense believes that those with dyslexia. I just need to try harder
or to focus more and that maybe if they did that they might not have their disorder or struggle
with that as much and I think these types of misunderstandings are common among those who
don't quite understand.

[00:06:02] The complexities of Dyslexia and can often times be a real struggle for those who are
interested to help them. But this isn't this is a type of ignorance that needs to be stopped if
there are to be any advancements in helping children succeed in school. So what does the
science say? What do what does the evidence point to what does it what does it mean while the
major ways in which dyslexics differ from the rest of the population lies in their ability to learn
to read?

[00:06:30] Because when children are First beginning to learn to read they learn to read words
in two very important ways. The first way the learn to read words is by mapping letters and
mapping letters and letter patterns to phenoms in other ways of saying this is sounding Out
words. The other way that children learn to read is through sight reading this suggests that
when a child becomes comes into contact with a word they are familiar with they are able to
read it because they have already encountered the correct way to pronounce the word.

[00:06:59] So on First beginning to learn to read children start by sounding the word out as this
becomes more familiar to them. They don't need to sound the word out because they haven't
memorized through site recognition. This is important when understanding the disconnect that
lies with those who suffer with dyslexia research has shown that.

[00:07:16] John Junta as at the part of the brain between the parietal and temporal lobe which
is key in helping us read words quickly and effortlessly because they're familiar is less active in
the brains of those with dyslexia over those without the evidence that not a biology seems to
elicit here is that there are certain parts of the brain that function differently for those with
dyslexia, which would also prove that.

[00:07:38] This is not something that they can control or manipulate to get rid of. It's Lexia. Also
as a standalone disorder is already very complicated in its ability to be different for every child.
But when it's paired with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, it continues to get more
difficult to understand as sufferers also feel trapped behind their disorder.

[00:08:02] According to the National Institute of Health mental health attention deficit
hyperactivity disorder is a brain disorder marked as an ongoing pattern of inattention and or
hyperactivity impulsivity that interferes with functioning or. More often than not dyslexia is
paired with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

[00:08:20] This only adds to the challenge that they already face giving them more battles to
have to fight and Conquer and critics tend to look at those with dyslexia. They look at symptoms
such as inability to focus restlessness and impulsivity and label that as laziness when in reality.
These things are paired with another disorder than only makes life more difficult this onset of so
many challenges and symptoms can lead many to want to give up on learning in a study trying
to focus on the internalizing effects that dyslexia can have they concluded that dyslexia and
reading problems consistently contribute to higher depressive and anxiety symptoms and
students from first grade to University.

[00:08:55] So consistent stress on anyone with a number of challenges can lead to depression
anxiety when it comes to learning. This is an alarming. This is alarming depression anxiety can
also cause lack of motivation and loss of interest in certain activities. These symptoms can also
look like laziness to the unfocused.

[00:09:09] I so comorbidity also points to the fact that sentence of laziness do not always argue
for it. So, what does this all mean? Why is it important for us to know right now? Other Studies
have shown that's the school dropout rate for dyslexics is it can be as high as 35% This number is
also alarming as it shows that adequate steps need to be taken in order for dyslexics to not only
thrive in the classroom but to also survive.

[00:09:38] But there's help and there's hope and there are people all over the country who are
teaming together to find ways to help those who struggle with dyslexia one place in Nigeria has
come up with a brain feed program which strives to help children with dyslexia learn better in
the classroom. The first approach is a classroom environment based approach that emphasizes
the importance of teachers knowing the warning signs of children who struggle with dyslexia
and then shaping that teaching methods as to not overload children with too many activities
during the class time so that there is more room for one-on-one learning.

[00:10:10] Their second approach is to enhance their memory and learning by certain by by
creating training activities at Target weaker learning areas results show that this significantly
help children who struggle to learn better and have more motivation for continued learning in
the future and also think and also other programs that are a little bit closer to home.

[00:10:28] There are multi-sensory structured literacy instructions that engages engages
children through their senses. So not just through their hearing but also through there. To their
touch and through movement as well. And there's also a assistive Technologies like audio books
that help kids be able to see words and here I'm at the same time.

[00:10:50] There are also text-to-speech apps, which also allow that there's also
accommodations like learning to give kids extra time in exams so that they can have the extra
help that they need to work through those problems as they struggle now as more and more
programs like these come into play. The Improvement and learning and reading for those with
dyslexia will also increase and children will feel more connected to their Educators and peers
offsetting their further disorders like depression anxiety now, thank you so much for listening to
this discussion on dyslexia.

[00:11:24] Any questions about photo credits can be found on this page, and they're all from a
website called unsplash. Thank you for your time.