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1. The pressure gage on a 2.5- m3 oxygen tank reads 500 kPa.

Determine the
amount of oxygen in the tank if the temperature is 28°C and the atmospheric
pressure is 97 kPa.

Given: Req’d:

V= 2.5 m3
Pgage= 500 kPa moxygen=?
Patm= 97 kPa
T= 28 oC + 273= 301 K
kJ
Roxygen = 0.2598 (
kg ∙ K )
Solution:

Pabs= Pgage + Patm


= 500 + 97 kPa
= 597 kPa

PV = mRT

PV
m=
RT

( 597 kPa ) ( 2.5 m3 )


m=
kJ
( 0.2598
kg ∙ K ) ( 301 K )

m = 19.08 kg
2. A 400-L rigid tank contains 5 kg of air at 25°C. Determine the reading on the
pressure gage if the atmospheric pressure is 97 kPa.
Given: Req’d:

V= 400-L = 0.4 m3
mair= 5 kg Pgage= ?
Patm= 97 kPa
T= 25 oC + 273= 298 K
KN . m
R = 0.287
Kg−° K

Solution:

Pgage
Air

400-L

25 oC

PV = mRT

mRT
P=
V

0.287 kPa ∙ m3 /kg ∙ K


¿
298 K
(¿)
( 5 kg ) ¿
¿¿
= 1069.1 kPa

Pgage= P- Patm

Pgage= 1069.1 – 97

= 972.1 kPa

3. A 1- m3 tank containing air at 25°C and 500 kPa is connected through a valve to
another tank containing 5 kg of air at 35°C and 200 kPa. Now the valve is
opened, and the entire system is allowed to reach thermal equilibrium with the
surroundings, which are at 20°C. Determine the volume of the second tank and
the final equilibrium pressure of air.

Given: Required:

VA=m3 VB =?
TA=25oC + 273 = 298 K Pair =?
PA=500kPa
mB=5kg
TB=35oC + 273 K= 308 K
PB=200kPa
KN . m
R = 0.287
Kg−° K

Solution:

PA V A
mA ¿
RT A
KN KN
(500 2
)(1 m3) 500 2 × 1 m3
m m
mA ¿ = =5.846 kg
KJ KN . m
(0.287 )( 298 ° K ) (0.287 ) ( 298 ° K )
Kg−° K Kg−° K

a. VB

KN . m
vB ¿
(
( 5 kg ) 0.287
kg−° K )
(308 ° K )

KN
200 2
m
VB ¿ 2.21 m3

Now, when the valve is opened:


Vtotal ¿ V A +V B=1+2.21=3.21 m3

mtotal ¿ m A +mB =5+5.846=10.846 kg

b. Final equilibrium Pair

KN .m
(10.846 kg)(0.287 )(293 ° K)
P ¿ mR T surrounding = kg−° K
V total 3.21 m
3

P ¿ 284.12 kPa

4. The pressure in an automobile tire depends on the temperature of the air in the
tire. When the air temperature is 25°C, the pressure gage reads 210 kPa. If the
volume of the tire is 0.025 m3 , determine the pressure rise in the tire when the
air temperature in the tire rises to 50°C. Also, determine the amount of air that
must be bled off to restore pressure to its original value at this temperature.
Assume the atmospheric pressure is 100 kPa.

Given: Req’d:

Initial Tair ,T1= 25 °C + 273 K = 298 K ∆P = ?


Initial Pgage ,P1= 210 kPa ∆mair = ?
V = 0.025 m3
Final Tair , T2= 50 °C + 273 K = 323 K
Patm = 100 kPa

KN . m
R= 0.287
Kg−° K

Solution:

a) P1 = Pgage + Patm = 210 kPa +100 kPa = 310 kPa

P1V1 = mRT1 —— (Eq. 1)

P2V2 = mRT2 —— (Eq. 2)


 Assuming the volume of the tire remains constant

V1 = V2

 From equations (1) and (2), eliminating m and R, we can write

P1 P2
=
T1 T2

P1T 2
 Therefore, P2 =
T1

(310 kPa )( 323 K )


= =336 kPa
298 K

∆P = P2- P1

= 336 kPa- 310 kPa

∆P= 26 kPa
PV
b) m1 =
RT
(336 kPa)( 0.025 m3 )
= KN . m
(0.287 )(323 K )
kg−° K
m1= 0.0906 kg

PV
m2 =
RT
3
(310 kPa)(0.025m )
= KN . m
(0.287 )(323 K )
kg−° K
m2= 0.0836 kg

∆m = m1 – m2

=0.0906 – 0.0836

∆m = 0.0070 kg