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Arpita V. Mankar Switi M. Talmale

Department of Electrical Engineering, K.D.K. College of Engineering,

Great Nag Road, Nandanwan, Nagpur, Maharashtra – 440009

Abstract: This paper include the making of have a connection to public electricity grid
reliable wiring for grid tied solar system. It with a inverter. The reason for this is that
develop to solve the problems about the PV module delivers DC power only. This
transmission of electricity problems in projects shows the reduction in energy bill
institutional area. It’s all about the related by employing the more use of solar energy
to the reliable connection of solar system, and give support to the grid at night time
safe transmission in the grid tied solar and the complete system is free from
system, also the management of power in the pollution.
institution. Basically this system is made for
the our college.The features of this system is KEYWORDS: Grid wiring, grid tied, solar
it is battery less system which reduce the power, connection of solar wiring, battery
cost of system. It not only include about the less.
wiring but also about the installation of grid 1. INTRODUCTION: The main of the
tied solar system. This system is made up paper is to reduce the energy consumption
with the terms and rule of the manufacturer from the grid and to conserve the non-
of system component and wiring.. This renewable resources. Hence we are
system is not related about the replacing the installing a 1 KW solar panel to make a
current system but it including the better detailed study of it and to understand the
connection which makes current system various concept related to it by analyzing the
better with minor replacement. And finally it equipments specifications (such as power,
is natural source of energy which is not voltage, current, operating condition and
limited and also about the reducing the light switchgear). We have installed the 1 KW
bills. The main goal of this project is to solar plant on our college roof top. Our
reduce the dependency on conventional initial goal is to reduce the electricity bill of
resources and more use of renewable energy college, we have chosen solar plant because
sources which is abundantly available in in this region solar energy is abundantly
nature. This paper presents the design and available since solar energy is free of cost
performance analysis of grid tied solar roof and renewable type of energy it can be
top PV plant. Grid tied PV system always efficiently use for production of electricity
without any problem, this will also help in led to the widespread use of solar modules
reducing dependency on coal fired thermal and their availability to you and me. In the
plant because in thermal plant coal is used as following sections, I describe some common
a fuel which is non renewable source of PV applications, a few brief pros and cons
energy. of PV systems, and the future of the PV
year solar system is most popular things for Modern PV systems can be found in a wide
the homes and also for the business in India. variety of applications. The power
Believe it or not, this desire to use the sun to calculators, pump water, help offset the
power people’s electricity needs is anything energy used by floodlights along highways,
but new. Ever since scientists discovered and, of course, power homes and businesses.
materials that can produce electrical current
by simply being exposed to light, people For you and me, electricity is available
have been excited about this energy source. nearly everywhere we go, and PV systems
Get ready to dive into the exciting and ever- are able to integrate with the existing utility
expanding world of solar power with the grid. In remote, developing areas, PV
overview we provide in this report. The systems provide valuable energy for
operating principles for modern PV cells powering lighting systems, running
were first discovered in 1839 by a French refrigerators, and helping deliver clean
physicist named A.E. Becquerel. After that, drinking water
a number of scientists played with and 3. METHODOLOGY:
improved on Becquerel’s original discovery.
In the 1950s, Bell Labs created the first There are basically three types of solar grid
piece of PV technology designed for use in namely,
space. This technology soon found its way
back down to earth for use in  Grid tied solar system
telecommunications applications in remote
 Off-grid solar system
areas. In the 1970s and 1980s, people began
using PV modules to charge batteries and  Hybrid solar system
then used those batteries to run various Grid tied solar system:
lights and appliances in their remote homes.
These early PV pioneers helped set the stage Grid tied solar system has connection for
for today’s PV industry. this system .It include the some component
The first PV cells weren’t very efficient or and wiring for this system. The components
widely used outside of space programs. are PV plates, dc/ac inverter, ac manual
They were also quite costly. Yet over the disconnect and dc manual disconnect,
years, researchers and manufacturing electric meter, and grid.
companies increased efficiencies and Simple operation of this system simple as
reliability and managed to drive down costs per the diagram .the solar array absorbs the
drastically. All of these contributions have energy from the sun rays then this energy
provided to the dc to ac converter .As per need for maintenance or replacements and
name it perform the dc to ac power with much better efficiency rates. In other
conversion. This ac power is applied to the words more energy and more money gets
ac disconnect .this circuit is mainly placed waste with the conventional battery systems.
for the safety and switching purpose. Then it
is ready for institutional or residential uses. 4. EXPERIMENTAL RESULT:

The connection between this is play main In this grid tied solar system without battery
role for the whole system which depends on and battery backup we used highly reliable
the wiring of system. The good quality of wiring. This wire has good transmission rate
wiring is necessary for the system of energy with minimum losses. In this we
performance. Wiring should be colored as used black and red dc wire for negative and
per the standard. positive as per the standard. Also this wiring
is providing the connection for the different
The wiring standard means the color of component in the system. In this system we
wired is used for the connection. It helps to used 3 solar panel and each panel has 72
understand the connection of the system. cells in which each cell produce the near
Electrical wire insulation is color coded to about the 4 volt. This reading measured on
designate its function and use. For the inverter display which produces near
troubleshooting and repair, understanding about 1kw or overall system.
the coding is essential. The wiring differs
according to AC or DC current. 5. CONCLUSION:

In our project, we are using grid tied solar Since there is a generation of own power
system because of the following advantages- and therefore only have to pay for the power
we consume that is above and beyond what
(1)Saves more energy with net metering- your solar system generates.

Batteries and other stand alone equipments 6. REFERENCES:

are required for a fully functional off-grid
solar system and add to costs as well as 1. J.B.Gupta, “Electrical Installation
maintenance. Grid tied solar systems are Estimating and Costing”,Kataria and sons
therefore generally cheaper and simpler to publication, 3rd edition, page no. 202-230.
2. B.R. Gupta, “Power System Analysis and
(2)The utility grid is a virtual battery- Design”, S. Chand Publication, 6th edition,
Electricity has to be spent in real time. Page no. 181-206.
However it can be temporarily stored as 3. Mr. Michael Boxwell, “Solar Electricity
other forms of energy (e.g. chemical energy
Handbook” Greenstream publishing, 8th
in batteries). Energy storage typically comes
with a lot of losses. The electric power grid edition, page no. 9-33.
is in many ways also a battery without the
4. Ryan Mayfield, “Photovoltaic design and
installation”Dummies publication,1st edition
Page no. 101-163.
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and Energy society general meeting -
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Vol.21, Page(s): 1 – 5, 2008.
AND APPLICATION” by Chetan Singh
Solanki, 2nd Edition 2012.