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# PAPER-1 (B.E./B. TECH.

## JEE (Main) 2019

COMPUTER BASED TEST (CBT)
Questions & Solutions
Date: 12 April, 2019 (SHIFT-1) | TIME: 09.30 A.M. to 12.30 P.M.

## Duration: 3 Hours | Max. Marks: 360

SUBJECT: PHYSICS

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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PART : PHYSICS

1. A man (mass = 50 kg) and his son (mass = 20 kg ) are standing on a frictionless surface facing each
other. The man pushes his so that he starts moving at a speed of 0.70 ms –1 with respect to the man.
The speed of the man with respect to the surface
,d O;fDr (nzO;eku = 50 kg) rFkk mldk csVk (nzO;eku = 20 kg), fdlh ?k"kZ.kjfgr i`"B ij] ,d nwljs ds lkeus [kM+s
gSaA og O;fDr vius csVs dks /kdsyrk gSA ftlls] og ml O;fDr ds lkis{k 0.70 ms–1 dh pky ls xfr djus yxrk
gSA rks] ml O;fDr dh i`"B ds lkis{k pky gksxh &
(1) 0.20 ms–1 (2) 0.14 ms–1 (3) 0.47 ms–1 (4) 0.28 ms–1
Ans. (1)
Sol. Pi = 0
Pf = 20 (0.7 – V) –50 (V)
20 (0.7 – v) = 50 V
14 – 20 v = 50 V
14 = 70 V
14
V= = 0.2 m/s
70

2. The figure shows a square loop L of side 5 cm which is connected to a network of resistance. The
whole setup is moving towards right with a constant speed of 1 cm s –1. At some instant, a part of L is in
a uniform magnetic field of 1 T, perpendicular to the plane of the loop. If the resistance of L is 1.7, the
current in the loop at that instant will be close to :
;gk¡ vkjs[k esa 5 cm Hkqtk dk ,d oxkZdkj ik'k L n'kkZ;k x;k gS] tks izfrjks/kksa ds ,d ifjiFk ls tqM+k gSA ;g la;kstu
1 cm s–1 dh ,d leku pky ls] nka;h vksj xfr dj jgk gSA fdlh {k.k L dk ,d Hkkx 1 T rhozrk ds ,d leku
pqEcdh; {ks=k esa gSA ;g {ks=k ik'k L ds lery ds yEcor~ gSA ;fn] bl ik'k dk izfrjks/k 1.7gS rks, bl {k.k blesa
/kkjk dk fudV eku gksxk
• • • v =1 cm/sec
1
B 2
• • • 1
3
B • • • A C
• • • 1 2
D
• • •
5 cm
(1) 170 µA (2) 150µA (3) 115µA (4) 60µA
Ans. (1)
Sol. E = BV = 1 × 10–2 × 5 × 10–2 = 5 × 10–4 Volt

4
Req = + 1.7 = 1.33 + 1.7 = 3.03
3
5  104
I=  166 A
3.03

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3. A shell is fired from a fixed artillery gun with an initial speed u such that it hits the target on the ground
at a distance R from it. If t1 and t2 are the values of the time taken by it to hit the target in two possible
ways, the product t1t2 is :
fdlh fLFkj rksi ls ,d xksyk] izkjfEHkd pky u ls ,sls dks.k ij] nkxk tkrk gS fd xksydk Hkwry ij vius y{; ij
yxrk gSA y{; dh rksi ls nwjh R gSA ;fn xksys }kjk y{; ij yxus ds nks laHko ekxZ gSa] vkSj bu esa yxs le; Øe'k%
t1 rFkk t2 gSa rks] xq.kuQy t1t2 gksxk :
(1) R/2g (2) R/4g (3) R/g (4) 2R/g
Ans. (2)
2u sin 1 2u sin  2
Sol. t1 = t2 =
g g

4u 2
t1t2 = sin 1 sin 2  Ranges are equal
g2

## 2 2u2 sin 1 cos 1 2R

2 = 90° – 1 t1t2 
g g g

4. When M1 gram of ice at –10ºC (specific heat = 0.5 cal g–1ºC–1) is added to M2 gram of water at 50ºC,
finally no ice is left and the water is at 0ºC. The finally no ice is left and the water is at 0ºC. The value of
latent heat of ice in cal g–1 is :
–10°C rkieku ds M1 xzke cQZ (fof'k"V Å"ek = 0.5 cal g–1ºC–1) dks] 50°C rkieku ds M2 xzke ty esa Mkyus ij]
iwjh cQZ fi?ky tkrh gS vkSj ty dk rkieku 0°C gks tkrk gS] rks cQZ dh xqIr Å"ek dk eku cal g–1 esa gS :
5M1 50M2 50M2 5M2
(1) – 50 (2) –5 (3) (4) –5
M2 M1 M1 M1

Ans. (4)
Sol. heat taken by ice = heat given by water
m1 Sice (10) + m1 Lf = m2 Sw (50)
m1
 10 + m1 Lf = m2 × 50
2
m2
5 + Lf = 50
m1

50m2
Lf = 5
m1

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5. A uniform rod of length l is being rotated in a horizontal plane with a constant angular speed about an
axis passing through one of its ends. If the tension generated in the rod due to the rotation is T(x) at a
distance x from the axis, then which of the following graphs depicts it most closely ?
l yEckbZ dh fdlh ,d leku NM+ dks {kSfrt lery esa] ,d fLFkj dks.kh; pky ls ?kqek;k tk jgk gSA ?kw.kZu&v{k NM+
ds ,d fljs ls xqtjrh gSA ;fn] bl ?kw.kZu ds dkj.k] NM+ esa mRiUu ruko] v{k ls x nwjh ij T(x) gS rks] fuEukafdr esa
ls dkSuulk xzkQ bls lokZf/kd fudV :i ls n'kkZrk gS ?
T(x) T(x) T(x)
T(x)
(1) (2) (3) (4)

l x l x l x l x
Ans. (3)
Sol.

Tension = T

–x

T
m  – x
T= ( – x)2 x  
  2 
m 2 ( – x )(   x ) m 2 2
T= ( )  T= ( – x2)
 2 2

6. A circular disc of radius b has a hole of radius at its centre (see figure). If the mass per unit area of the
 
disc. varies as  0  , then the radius of gyration of the disc about its axis passing through the centre is
 r 
fdlh o`Ùkkdkj fMLd dh f=kT;k b gSA blesa ,d fNnz blds dsUnz ij cuk gS] ftldh f=kT;k a gS] fp=k nsf[k,A ;fn

fMLd ds izfr&,dkad {ks=kQy dk nzO;eku]  0  ds vuqlkj ifjofrZr gksrk gS] rks blds dsUnz ls xqtjus okyh v{k
 r 
ds ifjr% fMLd dh ifjHkze.k f=kT;k gksxh
b

ab a2  b2  ab a2  b2  ab ab
(1) (2) (3) (4)
2 2 3 3
Ans. (3)

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Sol.

=  dm.r
2

b
0  b3  a3 
= 
a
r
2rdr.r 2   = 0 2 
 3



b b
0
M= 
a
dm  a
r
2rdr = 02(b – a)

 = MK2
 b3  a3  a2  b2  ab
0 2    0 2(b  a)K 
2
K=
 3 3
 

## 7. The truth table for the circuit given the figure is

fn;s x;s ifjiFk ds fy;s lR;eku lkj.kh gS %

A B Y A B Y A B Y A B Y
0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
(1) 0 1 0 (2) 0 1 1 (3) 0 1 0 (4) 0 1 1
1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1
1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1
Ans. (2)
Sol. Output of OR gate C = A + B
OR xsV dk fuxZr C = A + B
Out put of NAND gate

y = ( A  B)  A = ( A  B )  A

A B Y
0 0 1
From above equation 0 1 1
1 0 0
1 1 0

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8. Which of the following combinations has the dimension of electrical resistance (0 is the permittivity of
vacuum and µ0 is the permeability of vacuum ?
fuEukafdr esa ls fdl la;kstu dh foek ogh gS] tks] fo|qr izfrjks/k dh gS (;gk¡ 0 fuokZr dh fo|qr'khyrk (ijkoS|qrkad)
rFkk µ0 fuokZr dh pqEcd'khyrk gS) ?
µ0 µ0 0 0
(1) (2) (3) (4)
0 0 µ0 µ0
Ans. (2)
Sol. [0] = [M–1 L–3 T4 A2]
[0] = [M1 L2 T–2 A–2]
[R] = [M L2 T–3 A–2]
[R] = [0]a [0]b
[M L2 T–3 A–2] = [M–a L–3a T4a A2a Mb L2b T–2b A–2b]
2a – 2b = –2
a – b = –1 ...(i)
4a – 2b = –3 ...(ii)
2a – 2b = –2 ...(iii)
2a = –1
1 1 µ0
a= – ,b=  [R] =
2 2 0

9. A galvanometer of resistance 100 has 50 divisions on its scale and has sensitivity of 20 µA/division. It
is to be converted to a voltmeter with three ranges, of 0–2V, 0–10 V and 0–20. The appropriate circuit
to do so is :
fdlh xSYoksuksehVj dk izfrjks/k 100 gSA blds Ldsy ij 50 Hkkx gS vkSj bldh lqxzkfgrk 20 µA/Hkkx gSA bls ,d
,sls oksYVehVj esa ifjofrZr djuk gS] ftlds rhu ijkl 0 - 2V, 0 - 10 V rFkk 0 - 20 gSA blds fy, yxHkx mi;qDr
ifjiFk gksxk %
R1 R2 R3
G R1 = 2000 
R2 = 8000 
(1) R3 = –10000 
2V 10V 20V

G R1 = 19900 
R1 R2 R3 R2 = 9900 
(2) R3 = 1900 
2V 10V 2V

G R1 = 1900 
R1 R2 R3 R2 = 9900 
(3) R3 = 19900 
2V 10V 2V

R1 R2 R3
G R1 = 1900 
R2 = 8000 
(4) R3 = 10000 
2V 10V 20V

Ans. (4)

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Sol. IG = 20 × 50 A = 1mA
IG (100 + R1) = 2
R1 = 1900 
IG (100 + R1 + R2) = 10V
R2 = 8000 
IG (100 + R1 + R2 + R3) = 20
R3 = 10000 

10. A progressive wave travelling along the positive x-direction is represented by y(x,t) = A sin (kx – t + ).
Its snapshot at t = 0 is given in the figure
/kukRed x-fn'kk esa xeu djrh gqbZ fdlh izxkeh rjax dks, y(x, t) = A sin (kx – t + ), ls fu:fir fd;k tkrk gSA
t = 0 ij [khapk x;k vk'kq fp=k fuEu ls fn;k tkrk gS %
y

## For this wave, the phase  is

bl rjax ds fy,, dyk dk eku gksxk
 
(1) – (2) (3) 0 (4) 
2 2
Ans. (4)
Sol. At t = 0, the phase of particle at x = 0 is .
t = 0, x = 0 ij d.k dh dyk  gSA
 = 

11. To verify Ohm's law, a student connects the voltmeter across the battery as, shown in the figure. The
measured voltage is plotted as a function of the current, and the following graphs is obtained :
vkse ds fu;e dk lR;kiu djus ds fy,] ,d Nk=kk oksYVehVj dks ,d cSVjh ds fljksa ds chp tksM+rh gS] vkSj ifjiFk
esa oksYVrk (V) rFkk fo|qr /kkjk () ds fofHkUu eku izkIr dj] fuEukafdr xzkQ cukrh gSA
V V
V 1.5V

internal
resistance
Ammeter

V0
R  1000 mA

## If V0 is almost zero, identify the correct statement

;fn V0 dk eku yxHkx 'kwU; gS rks] lgh dFku dk p;u dhft,A

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(1) The emf of the battery is 1.5 V and its internal resistance is 1.5
(2) The emf of the battery is 1.5V and the value of R is 1.5
(3) The potential difference across the battery is 1.5 V when it sends a current of 1000 mA
(4) The value of the resistance R is 1.5
 (1) cSVjh dk bZ-,e-,Q- = 1.5 V vkSj bldk vkUrfjd izfrjks/k = 1.5
(2) cSVjh dk bZ-,e-,Q- = 1.5V rFkk R dk eku 1.5gSA
(3) cSVjh ds fljksa ds chp foHkokUrj = 1.5 V, tc ;g 1000 mA /kkjk izokfgr djrh gSA
(4) fn;s x;s izfrjks/kd dk R dk izfrjks/k 1.5gSA
Ans. (1)
Sol. When  = 0
V = 1.5 V ; emf of battery
When V = 0
 = r
 1.5 = 1 × r
r = 1.5

12. Shown in the figure is a shell made of a conductor. It has inner radius a and outer radius b, and carries

charge Q. At its centre is a dipole P as shown. In this case :
;gk¡ vkjs[k esa ,d pkyd&dks'k ('ksy) dks n'kkZ;k x;k gSA bldh vkUrfjd o cká f=kT;k;sa Øe'k% a rFkk b gSA bl

dks'k ij Q vkos'k gSA blds dsUnz ij ,d f}/kzqo P gS (vkjs[k nsf[k;s)A bl fLFkfr esa

P

(1) electric field outside the shell is the same as that of a point charges at the centre of the shell
(2) surface charge density on the inner surface of the shell is zero every where surface charge density
on the inner
( Q / 2)
(3) surface charge density on the inner surface is uniform and equal to
4m2

(4) surface charge density on the outer surface depends on P

(1) dks'k ds ckgj fo|qr {ks=k dk dk eku ogh gksxk] tks] blds dsUnz ij fLFkr fdlh fcUnq vkos'k dks dkj.k gksrk gSA
(2) dks'k ds vkUrfjd i`"B ij i`"B&vkos'k&?kuRo 'kwU; gksxkA
( Q / 2)
(3) blds vkUrfjd i`"B&vkos'k ?kuRo] ,d leku rFkk ds cjkcj gSA
4m2

(4) blds cká i`"B ij i`"B&vkos'k ?kuRo P ij fuHkZj djsxkA
Ans. (1)
Sol. (i) Electric field outside sphere does not depends on inside charge, it depends on only outer charge.
(ii) Surface charge density on inner surface is non-uniform and zero.
(iii) Surface charge density on inner surface is non-uniform and zero.

(iv) Surface charge density on outer surface does not depend on P

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13. A submarine (A) travelling at 18 km /hr is being chased along, the line of its velocity by another
submarine (B) travelling at 27 km/hr. B sends a sonar signal of 500 Hz to detect A and receives a
reflected sound of frequency v. The value of v is close to : (Speed of sound in water = 1500 ms–1)
18 km/hr dh pky ls xfr'khy ,d iuMqCch (A) dk ihNk] mldh xfr ds vuqlkj 27 km/hr dh pky ls xfr'khy
nwljh iuMqCch (B), djrh gSA A dks [kkstus ds fy, B 500 Hz dk ,d /ofud flXuy Hktrh gS rks vko`fÙk v dh
ijkofrZr /ofu izkIr gksrh gSA v dk eku gksxk] yxHkx (ikuh esa /ofu dh pky = 1500 ms–1)
(1) 504 Hz (2) 499 Hz (3) 502 Hz (4) 507 Hz
Ans. (3)
Sol.

 1500  5 
Frequency received by A, fA = f0  
 1500  7.5 
 1500  7.5 
Frequency of reflected sound perceived by B = f A  
 1500  5 
 1500  5  1500  7.5 
= 500   = 501.669  502 Hz
 1500  7.5  1500  5 

14 At 40º C, a brass wire of 1mm radius is hung, from the celling. A small mass, M is hung from the free
end of the wire. When the wire is cooled down from 40ºC to 20ºC it regains its original length of 0.2 m.
The value of M is close to : (Coefficient of linear expansion and Young's modulus of brass 10–5/ºC and
1011 N/m2 respectively ; g = 10 ms–2)
40°C rkieku ij 1mm f=kT;k dk ihry dk ,d rkj Nr ls yVdk;k x;k gSA rkj ds dqDr fljs ls M nzO;eku ds
,d NksVs fi.M dks yVdk;k x;k gSA tc rkj dks 40°C ls 20°C ij BaMk djrs gS rks og okil viuh iqjkuh yEckbZ
0.2 m dks izkIr dj ysrk gSA M dk fudVre eku gksxk :
(ihry dk js[kh; izlkj xq.kkad rFkk ;ax izR;kLFk xq.kkad Øe'k% gSa 10–5/°C rFkk 1011 N/m2, ,oa g = 10 ms–2)
(1) 9 kg (2) 1.5 kg (3) 0.9 kg (4) 0.5 kg
Ans. (Bonus)
 Mg
Sol.   
 AY
M = 6.28 kg

15. A concave mirror has radius of curvature of 40 cm. It is at the bottom of a glass that has water filled up
to 5 cm (see figure). If a small particle is flowing on the surface of water, its image as seen from directly
above the glass, is at a distance d from the surface of water. The value of d is close to (Refractive index
of water = 1.33)
40 cm oØrk f=kT;k dk ,d vory niZ.k] vkjs[k (fp=k) esa n'kkZ;s x;s vuqlkj] ,d fxykl dh ryh esa j[kk gSA
fxykl esa 5 cm Å¡pkbZ rd ty Hkjk gSA ,d NksVk ldk d.k ty dh lrg ij rSj jgk gSA fxykl ds Bhd Åij ls
ns[kus ij] bl dk izfrfcEc ty dh lrg ls d nwjh ij gSA rks d dk fudV eku gksxk (ikuh dk viorZukad = 1.33)
particle

5 cm

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Ans. (3)
Sol. Reflection from mirror
1 1 1
 
v u f
1 1 1
   (f = –20 cm)
v  5  20

20
v= cm
3
Refraction from water surface
 2 1
 0
v u
1 1.33
 0
v  35 
 
 3 
35
v=  = –8.8 cm
3  1.33

16. The resistance network shown below is connected to a D.C. source of 16 V. The power consumed by
the network is 4 walt. The value of R is
n'kkZ;s x;s izfrjks/kdksa ds ifjiFk dks] 16 V ds ,d Mh-lh- (D.C) L=kksr ls tksM+k x;k gSA ifjiFk }kjk miHkqDr 'kfDr
4 okWV gS rks] R dk eku gksxk
4R 6R
R R

4R 12R

 = 16V
(1) 8 (2) 6 (3) 1 (4) 16
Ans. (1)

V2 162
Sol. Reg = = = 64
P 4
2R + R + 4R + R = 64
8R = 64
R = 8

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17. A sample of an ideal gas is taken through the cyclic process abca as shown in the figure. The change in
the internal energy of the gas along the path ca is – 180j. The gas absorb 250 J of heat along the path
ab and 60 J along, the path bc. The work done by the gas along the path abc is
,d vkn'kZ xsl dks] fp=k esa n'kkZ;s x;s vuqlkj pØh; izØe abca ls xqtkjk tkrk gSA ca iFk ds vuqfn'k xSl dh
vkUrfjd ÅtkZ esa ifjorZu – 180J gSA ab iFk ds vuqfn'k 250 J Å"ek vo'kksf"kr djrh gS rFkk bc iFk ds vuqfn'k]
xSl 60 J Å"ek vo'kksf"kr djrh gS] rks iFk abc ds vuqfn'k] xSl }kjk fd;k x;k dk;Z gS
c
P

a b
V

## (1) 130 J (2) 140 J (3) 120 J (4) 100 J

Ans. (1)
Sol. Q = Q +U
250 + 60 = W + 180
W = 130 J

18. The value of numerical aperture of the objective lens of a microscope is 1.25. If light of wavelength
5000 Å is used, the minimum separation between two points, to be seen as distinct, will be :
,d lw{en'khZ ds vfHkn`';d ySUl dh la[;kRed }kjd (numerical aperture) dk eku 1.25 gSA ;fn 5000 Å
rjaxnS/;Z dk izdk'k iz;ksx djas rks] nks fcUnqvksa dks vyx&vyx ns[kus ds fy;s muds chp dh U;wure nwjh gksxh :
(1) 0.12 µm (2) 0.48 µm (3) 0.38 µ (4) 0.24 µm
Ans. (4)
1.22
Sol. dmin =
2 sin 
sin = numerical aperture = 1.25
1.22  5  107
 dmin  = 0.24m
2  1.25

19. An electromagnetic wave is represented by the electric field E  E0n̂ sin[t  (6y  8z)] . Taking unit

## vectors in x, y and z directions to be î , ĵ and k̂ , the direction of propagation ŝ , is

,d fo|qr pqEcdh; rjax dks] fo|qr {ks=k] E  E0n̂ sin[t  (6y  8z)] , ls fu:fir fd;k tkrk gSA ;fn x, y rFkk z
fn'kk esa bdkbZ lfn'k Øe'k% î , ĵ rFkk k̂ gSa] lapj.k dh fn'kk ŝ ds fy;s] lgh fodYi gS %
 4 ĵ – 3k̂    3 ĵ  4k̂   3 î – 4 ĵ   4k̂  3 ĵ
(1) S = (2) S =   (3) S = (4) S =
5  5  5 5
 
Ans. (2)
   3 ĵ  4k̂ 
Sol. S =  
 5 
 

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20. The trajectory of a projectile near surface of the earth is given as y = 2x – 9x2. If it were launched at an
angle 0 with speed v0 then (g = 10 ms–2):
fdlh iz{ksI; ds iz{ksi&iFk dks] Hkw i`"B ij y = 2x – 9x2, ls fu:fir fd;k tkrk gSA ;fn] bls v0 pky }kjk 0 dks.k
ij izeksfpr fd;k x;k gksrk rks] (g = 10 ms–2):
 1  5  1  5
(1) 0 = cos–1   and v0 = ms–1 (2) 0 = sin–1   and v0 = ms–1
 5  3  5  3

 2  3  2  3
(3) 0 = cos–1   and v0 = ms–1 (4) 0 = sin–1   and v0 = ms–1
 5  5  5  5
Ans. (1)
Sol. y = 2x – 9x2
1 gx 2
y = x tan –
2 u2 cos2 
1
tan = 2, cos =
5
g
=9
2u cos2 
2

g(1  tan2 )
=9
2u2
10(1  4)
=9
2u2
10  5
u2 =
29
5
u= m/s
3

21. In a double slit experiment, when a thin film of thickness t having, refractive index µ is introduced in
front of one of the slits, the maximum at the centre of the fringe pattern shifts by one fringe width. The
value of t is : ( is wavelength of the light used)
,d f}&f>jh iz;ksx esa] fdlh ,d f>jh ds lkeus] t eksVkbZ rFkk viorZukad dh ,d iryh fQYe j[k nsus ls] fÝat
iSVuZ ds dsUnzh; mfPp"B] ,d fÝat dh pkSM+kbZ ds cjkcj foLFkkfir gks tkrk gSA rks t dk eku gS : ( izdk'k dh
rjaxnS/;Z gS)
   2
(1) (2) (3) (4)
2(µ – 1) (µ – 1) (2µ – 1) (µ – 1)
Ans. (2)
tD D
Sol. y = ( – 1) ==
d d

t=
( – 1)

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 
22. A point dipole P = – p0 x is kept at the origin. The potential and electric field due to this dipole on the
y-axis at a distance d are, respectively : (Take V = 0 at infinity)
 
,d fcUnq f}&/kqzo P = – p0 x , ewy fcUnq ij fLFkr gS] rks bl f}/kzqo ds dkj.k] y-v{k ij d nwjh ij, foHko rFkk fo|qr
{ks=k gksaxs Øe'k% (ekuks vuar ij V = 0 gS)
  p p
P P –p –p
(1) 0, (2) 0, (3) , (4) , ]
40 d 3
40 d 3
40 d 40 d
2 3
40 d 40 d3
2

Ans. (2)
Sol.
y

0,d,0

 x
p  –p î
 
kp 1 p
Clearly it is the equatorial position E  – 3  î
r 4 0 r
3

put r = d
 1 p
E î  V=0
40 d3

23. A person of mass M is sitting on a swing of length L and swinging with an angular amplitude 0. If the
person stands up when the swing passes through its lowest point, the work done by him, assuming that
his centre of mass moves by a distance l (l < < L) is close to
,d O;fDr (nzO;eku = M), L yEckbZ ds ,d >qys ij >wy jgk gSA >wys dk dks.kh; vk;ke 0 gSA >wys ds vius fuEure
fcUnq ls xqtjrs le;] og O;fDr >wys ij [kM+k gks tkrk gSA ;fn [kM+s gksus ls ml O;fDr dk nzO;eku dsUnz
l (l < < L) nwjh ls foLFkkfir gks tkrk gS] rks] O;fDr }kjk fd;k x;k dk;Z gksxk %
  
2   
2
(1) Mgl (2) Mgl 1  0  (3) Mgl 1  0  (4) Mgl(1+ 02)
 2   2 
 
Ans. (4)
Sol. when man is passing through lowest position, its angular momentum is conserved
MVL = MV' (L – )
 VL 
V' =  
L  
 g
V = A = (L0) 
 L 
 
Work energy theorem at lowest position W m + W g = K.Ff – K.Ei
1 1
W m – Mg = MV '  MV
2 2

2 2
g  L  
2
1
W m – Mg = ML2 02    1
2 L  L   
1  
W m = Mg + M02 gL 1  2  1 = Mgl [1 + 02]
2  L 

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24. A thin ring of 10 cm radius carries a uniformly distributed charge. The ring rotates at a constant angular
speed of 40r rad s–1 about its axis, perpendicular to its plane. If the magnetic field a its centre is
3.8 × 10–9T, then the charge carried by the ring is close to (µ0 = 4 × 10–7 N/A2).
10 cm f=kT;k dh ,d fjax ij vkos'k ,dleku :i ls forfjr gSA ;g fjax 40r rad s–1 dh ,dleku nj ls vius
v{k ds ifjr% ?kw.kZu dj jgh gSA rks fjax ds lery ds yEcor~ gSA ;fn blds dsUnz ij pqEcdh; {ks=k 3.8 × 10–9T gS
rks, fjax ij vkos'k yxHkx gksxk (µ0 = 4 × 10–7 N/A2).
(1) 7 × 10–6 C (2) 4 × 10–5 C (3) 2 × 10–6 C (4) 3 × 10–5C
Ans. (4)
  qv
Sol. B= sin 
4 r 2
qr
B = 10-7
r2

3.8  104
q=
4
q = 3 × 10–5C

25. The stopping potential V0 (in volt) as a function of frequency (v) for a sodium emitter, is shown in the
figure. The work function of sodium, from the data plotted in the figure, will be :
(Given Planck's constant)
(h) = 6.63 × 10–34 Js, electron charge e = 1.6 × 10–19C)
;gk¡ vkjs[k esa] ,d lksfM;e&mRltZd ds fy;s] vko`fÙk (v) ds Qyu ds :i esa] fujks/kh foHko V0 (oksYV esa) ds ifjorZu
dks n'kkZ;k x;k gSA bl xzkQ ls lksfM;e dk;Z&Qyu izkIr gksxk %
(Iykad fLFkjkad (h) = 6.63 × 10–34 Js, bysDVªkWu vkos'k e = 1.6 × 10–19C)

3.0
2.0
V0 1.0

2 4 6 8 10

## (1) 1.95 eV (2) 1.66 eV (3) 2.12 eV (4) 1.82 eV

Ans. (2)
Sol. using above diagram :
th = 4 × 1014 Hz
h th
W= in eV
e
6.63  1034  4  1014
W= = 1.66 eV
1.6  1019

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26. Two moles of helium gas is mixed three moles of hydrogen molecules (taken to be rigid) what is the
molar specific heat of mixture at constant volume ? (R = 8.3 J/mol K)
ghfy;e xSl ds nks eksy dks] gkbMªkstu ds rhu eksy v.kqvksa (tks fd n`<+ ekus x;s gS) ds lkFk feyk;k tkrk gSA fLFkj
vk;ru ij bl feJ.k dh eksyj fof'k"V Å"ek D;k gksxh ? (R = 8.3 J/mol K)
(1) 15. 7 J/ mol K (2) 21.6 J/mol K (3) 19.7 J/mol K (4) 17.4 J/mol K
Ans. (4)
3 5 R
n1Cv1  n2Cv2 2 R  3 R 3R  15
Sol. = 2 2 = 2   21R  = 21 8.3 =17.4J/mol K
n1  n2  10 
23 5   10

27. Two identical parallel plate capacitors, of capacitance C each, have plates of area A, separated by a
distance d. The Space between the plates of the two capacitors, is filled with three dielectrics, of equal
thickness and dielectric constants K1, K2 and K3. The first capacitor is filled as shown in fig. , and the
second one is filled as shown in fig. II
If these two modified capacitors are charged by the same potential V, the ratio of the energy stored in
the two, would be (E1 refers) to capacitor () and E2 to capacitor () :
nks loZle lekUrj ifêdk la/kkfj=kksa esa] izR;sd dh /kkfjrk C gS] mudh IysVksa (ifêdkvksa) dk {ks=kQy A gS vkSj
ifêdkvksa ds chp dh nwjh d gSA nksuksa IysVksa ds chp ds LFkku dks K1, K2 rFkk K3 ijkoS|qrkad ds rhu ijkoS|qr LySc ls
Hkj fn;k gSA lHkh LyScksa dh eksVkbZ leku gSA fdUrq] igys la/kkfj=k esa mUgsa vkjs[k ds vuqlkj rFkk nwljs esa vkjs[k II
ds vuqlkj j[kk x;k gSA (E1 rFkk E2 Øe'k% izFke rFkk f}rh; la/kkfj=k ls lEcfU/kr gS)
;fn bu u;s la/kkfj=kksa esa izR;sd dks leku foHko V ls vkosf'kr fd;k tk;s rks] muesa lafpr Åtkvksa dk vuqikr gksxk

K1
K1 KK2 2 K3
K2
K3
() ()

## E1 (K1  K 2  K 3 )(K 2K 3  K1K 2 ) E1 9K1K 2K 3

(1) – (2) –
E2 K1K 2K 3 E2 (K1  K 2  K 3 )(K 2K 3  K 3K1  K1K 2 )
E1 K1K 2K 3 E1 (K1K 2  K 3 )(K 2K 3  K 3K1  K1K 2 )
(3) – (4) –
E2 (K1  K 2  K 3 )(K 2K 3  K 3K1  K1K 2 ) E2 9K1K 2K 3
Ans. (2)
d d d
1 3 3 3
Sol. = + + s
C1 K10 A K 20 A K 30 A
3K1K 2K 30 A
C1 =
d(K1K 2  K 2K 3  K 3K1)
K10 A / 3 K  A / 3 K 30 A / 3
C2 = + 2 0 +
d d d
1
C1V 2
(K1  K 2  K 3 ) 0 A E1 2 9K1K 2K 3
C2 =  = =
3d E2 1 2 (K1K 2  K 2K 3  K 3K1 )(K1  K 2  K 3 )
C2 V
2

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28. The transfer characteristic curve of a transistor, having, input and output resistance 100 and 100 k
respectively, is shown in the figure. The Voltage and power gain, are respectively :
fdlh VªkaftLVj ds] fuos'k rFkk fuxZe izfrjks/k Øe'k% 100 rFkk 100 kgSaA blds fy;s varj.k vfHky{k.k oØ ;gk¡
n'kkZ;k x;k gSA rks] oksYVrk rFkk 'kfDr yfC/k gSa Øe'k%

(400, 20)

(300, 15)
IC (200, 10)
(mA))

(100, 5)
Ib (µA)
(1) 5 × 104, 5× 105 (2) 5 × 104 , 2.5 × 106 (3) 5 × 104 , 5 × 106 (4) 2.5 × 104, 2.5 × 106
Ans. (2)
 c  10  5  3
Sol. Current gain  = =  10  50
 b  200  100 
R out 50  100  103
Voltage gain = Av =   =  5  104
Rin 100
Power gain =  × Av = 2.5 × 106

29. A magnetic compass needle oscillates 30 times per minute at a place where the dip is 45º, and 40
times per minute where the dip is 30. If B1 and B2 are respectively the total magnetic field due to the
earth at the two places, then the ratio B1/B2 is best given by
nks LFkkuksa ij ueu dks.kksa dk eku Øe'k% 45° rFkk 30° gSA bu LFkkuksa ij ,d pqEcdh; lqbZ ,d feuV esa Øe'k% 30
rFkk 40 nksyu djrh gSA ;fn] bu nks LFkkuksa ij i`Foh ds dqy pqEcdh; {ks=mk dh rhozrk Øe'k% B1 rFkk B2 gS] rks
vuqikr B1/B2 dk fudVre eku gksxk
(1) 0.7 (2) 3.6 (3) 1.8 (4) 2.2
Ans. (1)

1 MBH
Sol. n
2 
BH = Be cos

n1 B1 cos 1

n2 B 2 cos  2

30 B1 cos 45

40 B 2 cos 30

9 6
=  = 0.68
16 2

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30. An excited He+ ion emits two photons in succession, with wavelength 108.5 nm and 30.4 nm, in making
a transition to ground state. The quantum number n, corresponding to its initial excited state is (for
1240eV
photon of wavelength , energy E =
(in nm)
,d mÙksftr He+ vk;u] viuh U;wure ÅtkZ voLFkk esa laØe.k gksus rd nks Øekxr QksVkWu] ftuds rjaxnS/;Z
108.5 nm rFkk 30.4 nm gSa, mRlftZr djrk gSA izkjfEHkd mÙksftr voLFkk ds laxr DokWUVe la[;k n gS ; ( rjaxnS/;Z
1240eV
ds fy;s QksVkWu dh ÅtkZ =
(in nm)
(1) n = 4 (2) n = 5 (3) n = 6 (4) n = 7
Ans. (2)

 1240 1240 
Sol. Etotal =   eV = 52.20 eV
 108.5 30.4 

 1 
52.20 eV = 13.6 × 4 1  2 
 n 
n2 = 25
n=5

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