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Northeast Power Systems, Inc.

66 Carey Road, Queensbury, NY Phone: (518) 792-4776 Fax: (518) 792-5767 www.nepsi.com

actiVAR Performance Calculator


The following calculator computes the expected performance of NEPSI's actiVAR™ in reducing voltage sags associated with large motor starts.
Expected voltage sag, voltage drop, and inrush currents are calculated for "across-the-line motor starts" based on system impedance data and motor
nameplate rating.

Known Variables:
Source Data: Source Voltage, Source Short Circuit Level (in kA), and X/R Ratio
Supply Side Transformer Data: Transformer Power Rating (MVA), leakage impedance (in % on transformer base), and X/R ratio of leakage impedance

Motor Nameplate Data: Motor voltage rating, motor full load current (FLA), motor locked rotor current (See code letters following calculator if not
know), locked rotor power factor (assume 20% if not know)

--------SOURCE DATA--------
SOURCE VOLTAGE (Kv LINE-TO-LINE): 115 CALCULATED
SOURCE 3-PHASE SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT (kA): 8 Rpu Xpu
X/R RATIO: 7 0.000392 0.002741
--------TRANSFORMER DATA--------
MVA RATING: 40 CALCULATED
PERCENT IMPEDANCE (ON TRANSFORMER BASE): 8 Rpu Xpu
X/R RATIO: 24 0.000367 0.008817
--------MOTOR DATA--------
MOTOR VOLTAGE RATING (kV): 13.2
FULL LOAD CURRENT RATING (FLA): 193
LOCK ROTOR CURRENT (%): 600 CALCULATED
LOCK ROTOR PF (%): 20 Rpu Xpu

MOTOR KVA BASE RATING: 4413 0.033333 0.163299

--------actiVAR™ DATA-------- CAP/MOT EQIV.


actiVAR™ RATING (kV LINE-TO-LINE): 13.8 Rpu Xpu Rpu Xpu
actiVAR™ RATING (MVAR THREE-PHASE): 25 0.00 -0.192913 0.623972 0.361436

actiVAR™ PERFORMANCE
VMOTOR VPRIMARY
TORQUE LOSS
VOLTAGE VOLTAGE SAG VOLTAGE DROP VOLTAGE SAG FROM VOLTAGE actiVAR TORQUE
DROP (%) (%) (%) (%) SAG (%) ADVANTAGE (%)

WITHOUT actiVAR™ 6.50 93.50 1.55 98.45 12.6


WITH actiVAR™ 0.90 99.10 0.24 99.76 1.8 10.8
Motor Inrush Current
Inrush Current with actiVAR 265 amps 1.37 Per Unit of FLA
Inrush Current without actiVAR 1083 amps 5.61 Per Unit of FLA

Use Locked-Rotor CODE on motor nameplate (KVA/HP) to determine Locked Rotor Current (%) for insertion in calculation above

Enter KVA/HP Based on Table 1: 6


HP Rating of Motor (HP): 8000
Enter Motor Terminal Voltage (kV): 4
Enter FLA rating of Motor (Amps): 958.25305074

Motor Inrush Current: 6936 amps


Locked Rotor Current %: 724%

The actiVAR reduces the inrush current from 1082.7 amps (5.6 Per Unit
Current) to 265.3 amps (1.4 Per Unit Current). The actiVAR decreases
the voltage sag at the motor from 93.5% to 99.1%. The 115kV primary
voltage sag is reduced from 98.4% to 99.8%.
Northeast Power Systems, Inc.
66 Carey Road, Queensbu
Phone: (518) 792-4776 Fax: (518) 792-5767 www.nepsi.com

actiVAR™ Voltage Resolution, Stage Sequence, Step & Stage Size Table

Enter System Voltage: 13.8 kV


Enter total kvar required by actiVAR: 25000 kvar
Calculated MVAsc at actiVAR: 380.9 MVA

Number of Stage Smallest Required Valve Rating of Approximate Voltage


Number of Steps Stages Sequence Step Size Largest Stage (amps)* Resolution
1 1 1 25000 597 ± 3.3%
2 2 1:1 12500 298 ± 1.6%
3 2 1:2 8333 398 ± 1.1%
3 3 1:1:1 8333 199 ± 1.1%
5 3 1:2:2 5000 239 ± 0.7%
6 3 1:2:3 4167 298 ± 0.5%
7 3 1:2:4 3571 341 ± 0.5%
4 4 1:1:1:1 6250 149 ± 0.8%
7 4 1:2:2:2 3571 171 ± 0.5%
9 4 1:2:3:3 2778 199 ± 0.4%
11 4 1:2:4:4 2273 217 ± 0.3%
15 4 1:2:4:8 1667 318 ± 0.2%

* Current Rating of ABB DS1M: ≈ 444 Amps, values colored red are not valid ratings