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App L Spring 2003

1. What is Applied Linguistics? B) a context sensitive, practice oriented linguistics


oriented interdiscipline
2. Which of the following Journals is Hungarian? B) Novelty
3. Which competence is nearest to what Chomsky termed competence? A) linguistic
4. Which Communication strategy involves Tailoring meaning to knowledge? D)
message adjustment
5. The proper title is C) Skehan, P. (1988). A cognitive approach to language learning.
Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 157-167.
6. Discourse analysis studies A) suprasentential language use
7. Grice’s maxims deal with C) logic in conversation
8. Pragmatics should be taught in the language class C) both directly and indirectly
9. Which of the SLA theories is not Krashen’s? D) acculturation
10. Who wrote (2001). Motivational strategies in the language classroom. Cambridge.
Cambridge University Press? B) Dörnyei, Z.
11. Psycholinguistics is primarily interested in A) language learning
12. Which of the following believes in Error avoidance? A) Contrastive analysis
13. Classroom research and Classroom oriented research differ in the sense that the
latter is also interested in D) high inference items
14. Classroom research differs from Pedagogical observation as it (ie the former) does
not B) provide advice to the teacher about how to teach better
15. Questionnaires as research technique may be used in applied linguistics for B) rich
description
16. Sociolinguistics does not study D) normal distribution
17. Teaching culture does not involve D) standard deviation
18. Which acronym refers to Using computers in teaching language? A) CALL
19. A Cloze test can be described as being A) discrete point
20. A test is Valid when A) it measures what it intended to
21. Teaching can be placed along the Swing of pendulum (inger) whose extremes are
form- and function-centeredness. Which pair of ideas could stand for Form and Function
in this sense? C) accuracy/ appropriateness
22. The Approximative system is Nemser’s term for A) Selinker’s interlanguage
23. When the Attractive filter is raised the students are A) on the defensive
24. An approach, compared to a method is A) eclectic
25. Which method relies on the finding that giving a motoric answer before actual
language production helps to interiorize the target language best? C) suggestopaedia
26. Who coined the term Communicative competence? B) Dell Hymes
27. Students sit around a tape-recorder; the teacher is walking outside the circle. When
needed, the teacher translates, whispering the solution into the student’s ear, who will the
proceed to record his contribution. The transcript thus created will be the textbook. The
method is: D) community language learning
28. Students lie back in reclining seats, in semi-darkness, listening to baroque music.
Which Suggestopaedia do we see? D) passive concert
29. Interlanguage means: B) systematic approximation of the target language
30. Which competence has the widest scope out of the following: C) communicative
31. Which method adopts the following slogans: Language is made up of patterns.
Language learning habit formation. Learning is overlearning, therefore patterns must be
drilled. Errors should be prevented. C) audio-lingual
32. Which of the Conversational maxims is the most important? D) Relevance
33. A test like this has Face validity when the test takers C) find the test fair and
accurate
34. Krashen’s Monitor is B) used in learning
35. In a rational Cloze test A) every -nth word is deleted
36. Which of the competences below is a Coping skill, using paraphrase, fillers,
hesitation, topic shift, message adjustment etc. C) strategic
37. A text is Coherent: when there is A) a covert relationship between utterances
38. Which error can fossilize the easiest? The one that involves A) pronunciation
39. A C-test deletes A) the second half of every second word
40. In an Open rational close test A) every acceptable solution is accepted
41. The Washback effect means that B) teaching is designed with the exam in view
42. Content validity is especially important in the case of a D) achievement test
43. An Oral test is by its nature A) synthetic
44. In the case of Criterion-references test A) the cut-off score is generally set in
advance
45. One of the following is not located in the Left hemisphere of the brain, indicate
which: A) tune of a song
46. The Validity of a test is C) the degree to which a test actually measures what it is
designed to measure
47. When you teach, as rule you Except output to A) match input
48. Socratic elicitation is D) ensuring face validity
49. Which analysis says that increasing the Amount of input eliminates errors better that
correction? C) interlanguage
50. Accommodation involves B) reaching a useable level of the target language, for
instance pidgin English
51. Positive echoing as an error correcting technique involves A) repeating the correct
solution
52. A Lapse is not D) an error in competence
53. We can recommend that classroom management should be in English because it D)
provides daily material for acquisition
54. In a Rational close test the teacher cannot D) test particular features of grammar
55. A function in the Functional-notional syllabus can be D) a speech act
56. Which fact could Motivate one’s learning best? If you attribute success or failure in
an exam to C) preparation

Sociolinguistics

57. Multilingualism is based on the personality principle in A) India


58. The Asymmetric principle of multilingualism can be the best illustrated by the
phenomenon of A) diglossia
59. If an American says she is bilingual because she attends a Hungarian club in New
York City, she most probably defines herself as such on the basis of B) identification and
competence
60. Choose the correct solution: The word A) accent refers to a variety of pronunciation
61. Choose the correct solution: D) Diglossia occurs across domain boundaries, code-
switching occurs within domains.
62. A Dialect area may best be defined by the D) accent used there
63. Television B) is not a significant force in spreading dialect patterns
64. The Northern Cities Chain Shift is taking place in, for example C) Cleveland ,
Detroit, Chicago
65. A Parser is B) a computer program that breaks down text into recognized strings of
characters for further analysis
66. Which of these NON-EXISTENT Corpus? D) UCLA Corpus (British National
Corpus, London/Lund Corpus, Lancaster – Oslo/Bergen Corpus)

Motivation

67. Intrinsic motivation is best fostered by being A) interested


68. Integratively motivated people are C) interested in the target culture and community
69. Implicit grammar and Functional interest characterize A) SLA
70. Which of the following is the Audio-lingual method based on? C) contrastive
analysis
71. Which is the Least measurable of the following? B) intake
72. Who recommends Comprehensible input? D) Krashen
73. ‘There are Rules of use without which the rules of grammar would be useless’ refers
to C) communicative competence
74. Coherence and Cohesion are central features of D) discourse analysis
75. Turn-takings means C) holdong the floor
76. Washback is C) the effect of the test on teaching
77. The Ground breaking book on Speech acts, How to do things with words, was
written by B) Austin
78. The Speaker’s attention is conveyed by C) illocution
79. Which of the following could be the surface realization of the Speech and of
request? /more than on solution/ A) John, could you open the window please? B) It1s so
stuffy in here, don’t you think?
80. Which of the four statements is a flouting of the Quality maxim? C) Mrs Thatcher
bought some garlic in Nagycsarnok
81. The bishop walked among the pilgrims eating their sandwiches is a case of C)
syntactic Ambiguity
82. If an American says: We must have lunch together one of these days, the appropriate
reaction is D) Yes, it’ll be wonderful
83. This cat has no tail. That one has A) Cohesion
84. Which is the most desirable process for looking at Strange phenomena? C)
describing – interpreting – evaluating
85. In Canale and Swain’s model of communicative competence, the one that takes
culture into consideration is: C) sociolinguistic competence
86. How do Socio-cultural competence and social competence contribute to better
communicative ability in van Ek’s model? A) They account for knowledge about the target
culture, and the ability to interact and deal with social solutions.
87. Kaplan characterizes the text structure of different languages graphically. Which
figures does he use? D) spiral: Oriental; zig-zag: Semitic, deviations: Romance; linear:
English
88. Which of the following does not belong to the Civilisation part culture? B) habits
89. Which of the following is not a behaviour or Speech pattern? B) figures of speech
90. Which of the following is not related to Text structures or text related skills? D)
monitoring
91. Content based language teaching is useful in teaching culture because D) it makes
use of authentic materials.
92. Personalising tasks in teaching culture and language is useful because this way
students can learn A) to examine and interpret new phenomena from their own perspective.
93. Developing Critical thinking is important because it helps language users to B) view
new phenomena objectively.
94. Learning to deal with Stereotypes is important because stereotypes A) raise language
learners” (inter)cultural awareness.
95. Classroom research is research centred on B) happenings is the classroom
96. Why, according to Allwright and Bailey, should we focus on the classroom? B) to
try to understand what goes on in classrooms.
97. Which of the following is not a main tool of Classroom research? D) surveys
98. Action research involves A) action research
99. Generalisability is of major importance in C) experimental research
100.Triangulation requires that at least B) 5 perspectives are necessary when/if an
accurate picture f the phenomenon is to be obtained.

App L Autumn 2002

1. Outside help is not a sine qua non in the case of teacher B) training
2. The Least measurable of the following is C) intake
3. ... is not an English teachers association. C) OHP
4. Which of the following is used for the Staging of a lesson? B) PPPT
5. An Information gap is a key feature of D) the communicative approach
6. Diglossia is observable in a situation of D) code mixing?
7. What Studies channels open/close signals? A) conversational analysis
8. Whose hypothesis is the Input Hypothesis? D) Krashen
9. When the Affective filter is raised students C) are on the defensive (DOWN: Learn
faster)
10. Which of the following languages can be considered as the Property of an
individual? D) interlanguage
11. His husband Spanish – said a Hungarian student of English. The error is most likely
B) interlingual
12. The mistake that shows lack of underlying competence is A) an Er (LAPSE: mistake
of not-underlying competence
13. If a French learner of English says exposition instead of exhibition we have a case of
A) Interference
14. Push and pull motivation is synonymous with the kind that is called C) reward and
punishment
15. Usage and use are synonyms for A) accuracy and appropriateness
16. The Washback effect of a test is seen in A) a change of the way of teaching
17. At the end of a course the test students generally take is called D) achievement
18. If students believe that the Test is fair and measures what it is designed to measure
we have a case of B) face validity
19. A Multiple choice test is best described as being a test that is D) discrete point
20. In a Cloze test B) every -nth word is deleted
21. Radical teachers characteristically C) play the role of a faciliator
22. Conservative teachers characteristically A) rise chalk and talk and no fancy theory
or gadgets
23. Language aptitude is tested by the test named A) MLAT
24. A test is not Reliable when A) It is not consistent
25. Which of the following communication strategies is illustrated by Varadi’s example
of the ball in composition, airball in translation, instead of balloon? B) message adjustment
26. The compulsory reading about Learning strategies is in C) the Larsen-Freeman and
Long introduction
27. Which of the following discourse units is the smallest unit of Negotiated meaning?
A) act
28. Speech and theory was first revised by C) Austin
29. Which Maxim is flouted in the following example? Did you like the play? Well, the
costumes were interesting. D) relevance
30. Which of the following is a Cross-cultural pragmatic failure? B) A Hungarian speaker
says: I think so that you are right
31. Which of the following is connected with Turn-taking? A) nomination
32. Scanning is when A) we look for specific information in a text, written or spoken
33. Echo correction is the most useful during A) acquisition
34. Of the 4 Gricean maxims the most important one is D) relevance