You are on page 1of 3

References

Azizol, A.K. and Rasadah, M. A. (1998) Medicinal plants in Malaysia: their potential
and utilization. Sustainable management of non-wood forest products. Proceedings
of an International Workshop held at Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, 14-17
October 1997. Serdang, Universiti Putra Malaysia Press.

Deny, S., Hasnah, M. S., Farediah, A., Rasadah, M. A., Norio, A. and Mariko, K.
(2007). Antioxidant and cytotoxic flavonoids from the flowers of Melastoma
malabathricum L. Food Chemistry. 103: 710 – 716 .

Evans, C.A., Miller, N. J. and Paganga, G. (1996) Structure antioxidant relationships


of flavonoids and phenolic acids. The American Biological & Medical Papers, 20:
933 – 56.

Farnsworth, N.R. and Soejarto, D.D. (1991) Global importance of medicinal plants.
In: The Conservation of Medicinal Plants. Proceedings of an International
Consultation edited by Akerele, O., Heywood, V. & Synge, H. 25-51. Chiang Mai,
Thailand. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Ibrahim, J. (2004) Medicinal Plant Research in Malaysia: Scientific Interests and


Advances. Jurnal Sains Kesihatan Malaysia. 2(2): 27-46

Isabel, S., Baoshan, S., Ana, M.M., Freitas, V., and Jorge, M.R. (2008) Chemical
characterization and antioxidant activities of oligomeric and polymeric procyanidin
fractions from grape seeds. Food Chemistry. 108: 519 – 532.

Jaganath, I. B. and Ng, L.T., eds. (2000) Melastoma malabathricum in Herbs: The
Green Pharmacy of Malaysia, Vinpress. Kuala Lumpur. 58 – 59.
Lucy, H. and DaSilva, E. J. (1999) Medicinal plants: A re-emerging health aid.
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, 2: 56 – 70.

Mackeen, M.M., Ali, A.M., Lajis, N.H, Kawazu, K., Hassan, Z., Amran, M., Habsah,
M., Mooi, L.Y. and Mohamed, S.M. (2000) Antimicrobial, antioxidant, antitumor-
promoting and cytotoxic activities of different plant part extracts of Garcinia
atroviridis Griff. Ex T. Anders. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 72: 395 – 402.

Middleton, E., Kandaswami, C. and Theoharides, T. C. (2000) The Effects of Plant


Flavonoids on Mammalian Cells: Implications for Inflammation, Heart Disease, and
Cancer. The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 52:
673 – 751.

Min, B. C., Omar-Hor, K. and Lin, O. Y. C. (2006) 1001 Garden Plants in Singapore
2nd Edition. National Parks Publication. Pg. 325.

Neuhouser, M.L. (2004) Dietary flavonoids and cancer risk: evidence from human
population studies. Nutrition and Cancer. 50(1): 1 – 7.

Nuchanart, R., Somkid, S., Luksamee, W., Mahidol, C., Mathuros, R. and Jutamaad,
S. (2007). Evaluation of Free Radical Scavenging and Antityrosinase Activities of
Standardized Longan Fruit Extract. Food and Chemical Toxicology. 45: 328 – 336.

Peterson, J. and Dwyer, J. (1998) Taxonomic classification helps identify flavonoid-


containing foods on a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Journal of
American Dietetic Association. 98: 682 – 5.
So, F.V., Guthrie, N. and Chambers, A.F. (1996) Inhibition of human breast cancer
cell proliferation and delay of mammary tumorigenesis by flavonoids and citrus
juices. Nutrition and Cancer. 26: 167 – 81.

Sulaiman, M. R., Somchit, M. N., Israf, D. A., Ahmad, Z. and Moin, S. (2004).
Antinociceptive Effect of Melastoma malabathricum Ethanolic Extract in Mice.
Fitoterapia. 75: 667-672.

Ververidis, F., Trantas, E., Douglas, C., Vollmer, G., Kretzschmar, G., Panopoulos,
N. (2007). Biotechnology of flavonoids and other phenylpropanoid-derived natural
products. Part I: Chemical diversity, impacts on plant biology and human health.
Biotechnology Journal. 2 (10).

Zakrzewski, P.A. (2002) Bioprospecting or biopiracy? The pharmaceutical industry’s


use of indigenous medicinal plants as a source of potential drug candidates.
University of Toronto Medical Journal. 79(3): 252-254.