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Liq-Liq Disengagement Tab (Horizontal Vapor-Liquid-Liquid) Page 1 of 2

Liq-Liq Disengagement Tab (Horizontal Vapor-Liquid-


The Liq-Liq Disengagement Tab calculates the liquid-liquid disengagement performance of

the separator. The calculations and applicable fields depend upon the configuration (i.e. boot,
weir, baffle or none).

Three conditions indicate whether or not disengagement is satisfied:

1. The calculated particle diameter should be less than the target particle diameter.
2. The rising/settling velocity should be less than 10 in/min (254 mm/min).
3. The dispersed phase residence time (Misc tab) should be less than the corresponding
continuous phase residence time.

In general, if one of the three criteria above is not satisfied all 3 criteria are not
satisfied. However, it is possible to meet the first condition and not meet the second
and third conditions. This is due to the fact that the particle diameter calculation is not
limited to rising/settling velocities greater than 10 in/min (254 mm/min). If any of the
three criteria are not met then disengagement is not satisfied and the vessel size
should be increased.

The following table lists some typical particle diameters for hydrocarbon/water service:

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Liq-Liq Disengagement Tab (Horizontal Vapor-Liquid-Liquid) Page 2 of 2

125 micron 35° API or lighter hydrocarbon

90 micron heavier than 35° API hydrocarbon

35° API is equivalent to a specific gravity of 0.8498 (53.0 lb/ft³ or 849.4 kg/m³) .

Consult the Vertical Particle Velocity Calculation and Disengagement topics for additional
information on these calculations.

The From Reference Level and To Reference Level drop-down fields are used to specify the
disengagement path that the calculation is based on. Consult the Overview topic for additional

The Upper Reference Level and Lower Reference Level drop-down fields are used to determine
the cross-sectional area that the Main Vessel Velocity and Main Vessel Reynolds No. fields are
based on. For example, if the light continuous phase upper reference level is set to NLL and the
lower reference level is set to NIL then the cross-section area would be based on the shaded
region in the diagram below:

Since the heavy continuous phase always extends to the bottom of the vessel, you only need to
specify the upper reference level.


Rising/Settling velocity, Reynolds number and drag coefficient are based on the
calculated particle diameter and not the target particle diameter.

A design factor of 2 is used to calculate the boot diameter. This means that the
allowable boot velocity is one half the rising velocity of the light liquid dispersed phase.

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