You are on page 1of 3

POLITICAL SCIENCE

ALVERO, Bren August 3, 2010


BUDUAN, Camila
HWANG, Charles
LEACHON, Rachel
SO, Steven

C37

Democratic People's Republic of Korea (D.P.R.K.)


-­‐ North Korea is ruled by the Communist party known in Korea as the Korea Workers'
party.
-­‐ Power is inherited.
• Upon the death of Kim Il-Sung, his son, King Jong Il inherited supreme power
-­‐ Three key entities control the government.
• Cabinet - It is formerly known as the State Administration Council (SAC),
administers the ministries and has a significant role in implementing policy.
• National Defense Commission (NDC) - It is responsible for external and internal
security.
• Politburo of the Central People’s Committee- top policymaking body of the
Korean Workers’ Party (KWP), which also plays a role as the dominant social
institution in North Korea.
-­‐ North Korea has an industrialized, near-autarkic, highly centralized command economy
-­‐ North Korea is a single-party state. The governing party is the Democratic Front for the
Reunification of the Fatherland, a coalition of the Workers' Party of Korea and two other
smaller parties, the Korean Social Democratic Party and the Chondoist Chongu Party.
These parties nominate all candidates for office and hold all seats in the Supreme People's
Assembly.
-­‐ The North Korean constitution provides for freedom of speech and the press; however,
the government prohibits the exercise of these rights in practice.
• Sources of media, such as radio, television, and news organizations, are controlled
by the regime and heavily censored
• Reported human rights abuses include arbitrary and lengthy imprisonment, torture
and degrading treatment, poor prison conditions, public executions, prohibitions
or severe restrictions on freedom of speech, the press, movement, assembly,
religion, and privacy, denial of the right of citizens to change their government,
and suppression of workers’ rights.

Republic of Korea (R.O.K.)


Government:
- The government of South Korea is divided into three branches, which are the executive,
judicial, and legislative.

• The executive and legislative branches operate primarily at the national level while
the judicial branch operates at both the national and local levels.

- South Korea is a constitutional or liberal democratic country. The government is ruled


based on the consent of the people.

- The country has always had a presidential system with a relatively independent chief
executive.

Elections:

- Elections in South Korea are held on national level to select the President and the
National Assembly.

• The president is elected for a single five-year term by plurality vote that means
winning with the most votes.

• The National Assembly has 299 members elected for a four-year term, 245 in single-
seat constituencies and 54 members by proportional representation.

Human Rights, Education and Religion:

- The rule of law, democracy and human rights depend on high levels of the preservation of
discipline within the police.

- The NHRCK is a national institution for the protection of human rights. The credibility of
the institution lies in its capacity to deal with state authorities that violate rights without
fear. A national human rights institution that would not condemn violations of rights by
state agencies does not deserve to bear the name.

- South Korea's education system is technologically advanced and it is the world's first
country to bring high-speed fibre-optic broadband Internet access to every primary and
secondary school nation-wide. This is because the government has given extensive rights
to people to broaden their education.

Source:
http://southkoreagovernment.com/government.htm
http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2800.htm
http://www.ahrchk.net/statements/mainfile.php/2008statements/1755/
http://www.upiasia.com/Human_Rights/2008/11/05/
South_Korea_Must_Respect_Human_Rights/3582/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Korea#Education