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QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY 1|Page

CHAPTER 1
PROJECT BACKGROUND

In creating a company it is essential to make a Company Name, type of

business organization, company logo and tag line, location of the head office

and factory, and to determine the project proponents as well. These things

serve as the first but important decisions of a company that they will make in

staring up a business. These are the base to company’s sustainability and

success, without it the company will not be established.

This chapter includes the Projects Proponents, Proposed Name of the

business, Company Logo and Tag line, Type Company’s Business

Organization, lastly Location of the Head Office and Factory. This chapter will

further explain the necessary information.

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1.1 PROJECT PROPONENTS


PERCENTAGE
NAME OF TYPE OF
OF
INVESTORS PARTNERSHIP
INVESTMENTS
Macasarte,
25% General Partner
Jefferson H.
Martinez,
15% General Partner
Mathew O.
Castor, Reven
15% General Partner
John
Guinto, Elaine P. 15% General Partner
Giray, Genelyn
7.5% Limited Partner
C.
Cabal, Jonalyn
7.5% Limited Partner
B.
Returban, Clyde
7.5% Limited Partner
Jun Danielle T.
Viloria, Pitt
7.5% Limited Partner
Andrew M.
TOTAL 100%

The company has decided that all of the stakeholder will have a

percentage of ownership at least 7.5%, for the reason that the company

is a limited partnership. The investor has no authority to rule the whole

organization. General Manager has an investment of Php 400,000

(General Partnership 25%), Php 240,000 (General Partnership 15%) for

Marketing Staff as well as Production staff and Finance staff. All in all,

the company has an total investment of Php 1,600,000.

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1.2 Proposal Name of the Business

E-Lazer Company Ltd.

E-Lazer Company is a manufacturing company that produces a

plastic whiteboard eraser with components such as laser pointer,

wireless presenter, marker holder and ink storage.

Why E-Lazer?

MISSION

E-Lazer’s mission is to contribute to society through the

development and innovate original products.

VISION

E-Lazer is committed to become one of the leading company that

manufactures an innovative whiteboard eraser through continuous

improvements of the production systems and research and development

while ensuring the quality of the product as well as customers satisfaction

with the product.

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COMPANY LOGO

Ltd.

Since, our primary product is eraser, the company decided to put

letter “E” in the company name which stands of eraser and the “lazer”

comes from the laser pointer. The red gear is inspired of engineering, we

engineered our whole production system, from product development to

production. The red and black is manufacturing.

COMPANY SHIRT

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Our organization decides to make it simple but presentable. The

company choose white as primary color with red lines on neck and sleeves

1.3 Type of Business Organization

Limited Partnerships

The company as a whole unite to jointly conduct a business in which the

partners liable only to the extent of the amount of money are the stakeholders

who was invested. Limited partners do not receive dividends, but enjoy direct

access to the flow of income and expenses. This term is also referred to as a

"limited liability partnership" (LLP) and also limited partners are not liable for

the debts of the company. They have no authority in the type of management

the company was implemented, but they have rights to the flow of the money

inside the business organization.

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1.4 Location of the head office and factory

Figure 1.2 Location of the Factory

Figure 1.2 shows the location of the factory at west side of the district 2, for

the reason that west side of district 2 has the biggest score in Factor-Rating

method (1.65) which is the location strategy that we have used. Specifically

near at Batasan Road.

FACTOR-RATING METHOD

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CHAPTER 2

MANAGEMENT AND PERSONNEL FEASIBILITY

The company requires members that will manage the business to take

responsibility for making critical decisions for the whole organization to be

developed. It requires their knowledge and skills to manage the whole

organization according to its mission and vision, also for the benefits of the

company.

This chapter includes the propose management strategy and samples

of their projects administrative flow diagram and forms design.

2.1 Personnel (Administration)

The E-Lazer Company (ELC Ltd.) has four (4) in totals of

management personnel and one (1) Production Workers. They have one

(1) General Manager, (1) Production Head, (1) Marketing Staff, (1)

Finance staff.

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2.2 Organizational Chart

ORGANIZATIONAL CHART

General Manager

Production Head Marketing Staff Finance Staff

Production Worker

Figure 2.2 Organizational Chart

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2.3 Job Specification and Responsibilities

Table 2.3 Job Specification and Responsibilities

Job Position Job Specification Job Responsibilities


 Qualified  Responsible for
candidates overseeing all
possess a administrative
bachelor's or
functions in your
master's degree in
business business. A major
administration. part involves
Through his leading and
education, he will directing
have taken employees. He
courses in delegates
finance,
administrative
accounting,
management or tasks, such as
GENERAL industrial accounting,
MANAGER relations. This paperwork and
knowledge and payroll, while giving
experience makes you the freedom to
him a valuable deal with other
asset to any small
issues. In doing so,
business.
she ensures
administrative
efficiency, proper
procedure,
implementation of
policies and
employee morale.

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 Must have strong  Managing all


communication, marketing for the
sales, and company and
presentation skills. activities within the
 Must be goal marketing
oriented, flexible, department.
and creative  Developing the
under pressure - marketing strategy
often while for the company in
juggling several line with company
projects at once. objectives.
 Expert knowledge  Co-ordinating
of current marketing
marketing trends campaigns with
and multimedia sales activities.
platforms is  Overseeing the
essential. company’s
 Must have strong marketing budget.
leadership skills  Creation and
and the ability to publication of all
MARKETING hire, train, and marketing material
STAFF motivate team in line with
members. marketing plans.
 Should also have  Planning and
strong budgeting, implementing
Internet, and promotional
computer skills. campaigns.
 Manage and
improve lead
generation
campaigns,
measuring results.
 Overall
responsibility for
brand management
and corporate
identity
 Preparing online
and print marketing
campaigns.
 Monitor and report
on effectiveness of

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marketing
communications.
 Creating a wide
range of different
marketing
materials.
 Working closely
with design
agencies and
assisting with new
product launches.
 Maintain effective
internal
communications to
ensure that all
relevant company
functions are kept
informed of
marketing
objectives.
 Analysing potential
strategic partner
relationships for
company
marketing.

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 Hires production
crew, and
 Business Sense,
Strong Planning contractors
Skills,  Develops
production budgets
 Negotiation,
and schedules
Management
Skills,  Meets regularly
with different
 Delegation,
production
Confidence,
department heads,
 Networking
to ensure they are
Abilities,
meeting the
Leadership,
production budget
 Decisiveness,
and schedule
 Accounting Skills
 Makes changes to
and/or
the budget and
Qualifications,
schedule as
 Excellent Oral and required, such as
Written rescheduling of
Communication production during
PRODUCTION Skills, shutdowns.
HEAD  Superior  Informs
Organizational stakeholders of
Skills, production progress
 Assertiveness,  Negotiates costs
 Problem Solving with suppliers
Skills,  Approves locations,
 Risk Assessment equipment, and
Skills, other necessary
 Production resources
Knowledge,  Ensures the
 Understanding of production
Human complies with
Resources, health and safety
 Scheduling regulations, union
 Software, and requirements,
 Knowledge of copyright laws, and
Health and Safety insurance terms
Procedures  Obtains any
necessary
approvals and risk
assessment reports

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 Supervises
production team,
including its
production
assistants,
production
secretaries,
production
coordinator, and
other production
office staffers
 Handles any
insurance issues
which arise during
the course of the
production

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 The finance  Reviewing financial


manager reports,
candidate should  Monitoring
have a Bachelor's accounts, and
degree in finance  Preparing activity
or accounting, or reports and
equivalent financial forecasts.
business  Investigate ways to
experience improve
 Preference will be profitability, and
given to analyze markets for
candidates with business
the Certified opportunities, such
Public Accountant as expansion,
or Certified mergers or
Management acquisitions.
Accountant  Overseeing the
designations. flow of cash and
FINANCE STAFF Excellent financial
communication instruments
skills are  Planning and
essential, directing the
particularly in activities of
regard to workers in
presenting the branches or
results of departments
analyses to  Preparing reports
management. as required by
Should have an law, regulations
outstanding or company
knowledge of policies
electronic  Ensuring
spreadsheets. compliance with
applicable laws
and procedures

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2.4 Personnel Salary Rates

Table 2.2 Salary Rates

Rate/ No. of
No. of Basic Pay per
Position regular days
personnel Commission Month
of work

General
1 750 24 Php 18,000
Manager

Finance
1 512 24 Php 12,288
Staff

Production
1 665.6 24 Php 15,974.4
Head

Marketing
1 512 24 Php 12,288
Staff

The basic salary of the worker is based on R.A. 994227 Section 4, it state that

a company who has below ten employees, is exempted to minimum wage.

2.5 Personnel Benefits

Proposed Employee Benefits

 Social Security Systems (SSS)


Based on Republic Act No. 8282 knows as Social Security Act of
1997, it aims to provide protection for the SSS member against socially
organize hazard conditions, such as sickness, disability, maternity, old age
& death being result in loss of income or results to a financial burden.

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 Paternity Leave
Elazer Company provided a leave of 7 days with full pay to all
married male employees either private or public sectors. It is only available
for the first four deliveries of the legitimate wife with whom he is living
together.
 Maternity Leave
Elazer Company provided at least two weeks prior to the expected
date of delivery & another four weeks after normal delivery with full pay
base on her regular or average wages.
 Sick Leave
Elazer Company provided twelve days per year for the first two
year service. Maximum total sick leave is accumulated as fifteen days. All
unused leave days will be alter to cast on December every year.
 13th Month Pay
Elazer Company provided a 13th month pay which is accumulated
to every salary per month divided to twelve months.
 Resignation Pay
Elazer Company has entitled a resignation pay that is equivalent to their
one month salary multiple to the number of years of their service in the
company.
 Hours of works - SECTION 3— the following shall be considered as

compensable hours worked:

(a) All time during which an employee is required to be on duty or to be

at the employer's premises or to be at a prescribed work place; and

(b) All time during which an employee is suffered or permitted to work.

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 Meal and Rest Period – SECTION 7— Every employer shall give his

employees, regardless of sex, not less than one (1) hour time-off for

regular meals, except in the following cases when a meal period of not

less than twenty (20) minutes may be given by the employer provided

that such shorter meal period is credited as compensable hours worked

of the employee:

(a) Where the work is non-manual work in nature or does not involve

strenuous physical exertion;

(b) Where the establishment regularly operates not less than sixteen

(16) hours a day;

(c) In case of actual or impending emergencies or there is urgent work

to be performed on machineries, equipment or installations to avoid

serious loss which the employer would otherwise suffer; and

(d) Where the work is necessary to prevent serious loss of perishable

goods.

Rest periods or coffee breaks running from five (5) to twenty (20)

minutes shall be considered as compensable working time.

 Overtime Remuneration - Article 87. Overtime work. Work may be

performed beyond eight hours a day provided that the employee is paid

for the overtime work an additional compensation equivalent to his

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regular wage plus at least twenty-five percent thereof. Work performed

beyond eight hours on a holiday or rest day shall be paid an additional

compensation equivalent to the rate for the first eight hours on a holiday

or rest day plus at least 30 percent thereof.

 Night Shift Differential - SECTION 2. — An employee shall be paid

night shift differential of no less than ten per cent (10%) of his regular

wage for each hour of work performed between ten o'clock in the

evening and six o'clock in the morning.

 Weekly Rest Period - SECTION 3— Every employer shall give his

employees a rest period of not less than twenty-four (24) consecutive

hours after every six consecutive normal work days.

 Holidays with Pay - SECTION 3. — Every employer shall pay his

employees their regular daily wage for any worked regular holidays.

As used in the rule, the term 'regular holiday' shall exclusively refer to:

New Year's Day, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, the ninth of April, the

first of May, the twelfth of June, the last Sunday of August, the thirtieth

of November, the twenty-fifth and thirtieth of December. Nationwide

special days shall include the first of November and the last day of

December

As used in this Rule legal or regular holiday and special holiday shall

now be referred to as 'regular holiday' and 'special day', respectively.

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 Service Incentives Leave – SECTION 2 — Every employee who has

rendered at least one year of service shall be entitled to a yearly service

incentive leave of five days with pay.

 Service Charges - SECTION 3. — All service charges collected by

covered employers shall be distributed at the rate of 85% for the

employees and 15% for the management. The 85% shall be distributed

equally among the covered employees. The 15% shall be for the

disposition by management to answer for losses and breakages and

distribution to managerial employees at the discretion of the

management in the latter case.

 Wages - "Basic Wage" means all remuneration or earnings paid by an

employer to a worker for services rendered on normal working days and

hours but does not include cost-of-living allowances, profit sharing

payments, premium payments, 13th month pay or other monetary

benefits which are not considered as part of or integrated into the

regular salary of the workers on the date the Act became effective."

 Payment of Wages - SECTION 2— Payment of wages by bank

checks, postal checks or money orders is allowed where such manner

of wage payment is customary on the date of the effectivity of the Code,

where it is so stipulated in a collective agreement, or where all of the

following conditions are met:

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(a) There is a bank or other facility for encashment within a radius of

one (1) kilometer from the workplace;

(b) The employer or any of his agents or representatives does not

receive any pecuniary benefit directly or indirectly from the

arrangement;

(c) The employees are given reasonable time during banking hours to

withdraw their wages from the bank which time shall be considered as

compensable hours worked if done during working hours; and

(d) The payment by check is with the written consent of the employees

concerned if there is no collective agreement authorizing the payment

of wages by bank checks.

 Retirement -ARTICLE 302 (287) An employee upon reaching the age

of sixty (60) years or more, but not beyond sixty five (65) years which is

hereby in the said established, may retire and shall be entitled to

retirement pay equivalent to at least one half (½) monthly salary for

every year of service, a fraction of at least six (6) months being

considered as one (1) whole year.

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Holidays

Regular Holidays

 New year’s day (January 1)

 Maundy Thursday (movable)

 Good Friday (movable)

 Araw ng Kagitingan (April 9)

 Labor Day (May 1)

 Independence Day (June 12)

 National Heroes Day (Last Monday of August)

 Bonifacio Day (November 30)

 Eid ul-Fitr (movable)

 Eid-Ul-Adha (movable)

 Christmas Day (December 25)

 Rizal Day (December 30 - or nearest Monday)

Special Holidays

 November 1 (All Saints Day)

 November 2 (All Souls Day)

 August 21 (Ninoy Aquino Day)

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Work Performance

The company expect that the employee will give their full commitment

to the job they applied for. They will give their 100 percent in every task they

are engaged and will follow the rules and regulation of the company even if no

one is supervised. Since the heart of the company is the employee expect that

the company will take good care of the employee and will pay them right in

exchanged to their dedication in work. Poor job performance can result in

disciplinary action up to termination.

2.6 Management Style

For the organizations to be developed, they require the members who

will manage the business to take responsibility for make decisions in the

running of business. Business location is being considered on getting the

right people with the right skills on the important position in the company.

They need to ensure that these persons have the opportunities to develop

especially when it comes to decision-making.

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Theory Z

William Ouchi developed Theory Z after making a comparative study of

Japanese and American management practices. Theory Z is an integrated

model of motivation. Theory Z suggests the large complex organizations are

human system and their effectiveness depends on the quality of humanism

used. A type Z organization has three major features—trust, subtlety,

intimacy.

Mutual trust between members of organization reduces conflict and leads

to team work. Subtlety requires sensitivity towards other and yields higher

productivity. Intimacy implies concern, support and discipline unselfishness.

The distinguishing features of Theory Z are as follows:

1. Mutual Trust:

According of Ouchi, trust, integrity and openness are essential ingredients of

an effective organization. When trust and openness exist between

employees, work groups, union and management, conflict is reduced to the

minimum and employees cooperate fully to achieve the organization’s

objectives.

2. Strong Bond between Organization and Employees:

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Several methods can be used to establish a strong bond between the

enterprise and its employees. Employees may be granted lifetime

employment which leads to loyalty towards the enterprise. During adverse

business conditions shareholders may forgo dividends to avoid retrenchment

of workers. Promotions may be slowed down.

As against vertical movement of employees greater emphasis should be

placed on horizontal movement which reduces stagnation. A career planning

for employees should be done so that every employee is properly placed.

This would result in a more stable and conducive work environment.

3. Employee Involvement:

Theory Z suggests that involvement of employees in related matters

improves their commitment and performance. Involvement implies

meaningful participation of employees in the decision-making process,

particularly in matters directly affecting them. Such participation generates a

sense of responsibility and increases enthusiasm in the implementation of

decisions, Top manager’s serve as facilitators rather than decision-makers.

4. Integrated Organization:

Under Theory Z, focus is on sharing of information and ‘resources rather than

on chart, divisions or any formal structure. An integrated organization puts

emphasis on job rotation which improves understanding about

interdependence of tasks. Such understanding leads to group spirit.

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5. Coordination:

The leader’s role should be to coordinate the efforts of human beings. In order

to develop common culture and class feeling in the organization, the leader

must use the processes of communication, debate and analysis.

6. Informal Control System:

Organizational control system should be made informal. For this purpose

emphasis should be on mutual trust and cooperation rather than on superior-

subordinate relationships.

7. Human Resource Development:

Managers should develop new skills among employees. Under Theory’ Z,

potential of every person is recognized and attempts are made to develop

and utilize it through job enlargement, career planning, training, etc.

Thus, Theory Z is a hybrid system which incorporates the strengths of

American management (individual freedom, risk taking, quick decision-

making, etc.) and Japanese management (job security, group decision-

making, social cohesion, holistic concern for employees, etc.) systems.

Japanese companies operating in the United State have successfully used

Theory Z. After collaboration between Japanese and Indian companies,

some experts have suggested application of this theory in India, in

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MarutiUdyog, which has collaboration with Suzuki motors of Japan an

attempt has been made to apply Theory Z.

The workplace has been designed on the Japanese pattern, which involves

open offices. The same uniform has been introduced for all employees

irrespective of their designation. Similarly, there is a common canteen for all.

These practices are expected to avoid status differentials and class feeling

among employees and thereby facilitate teamwork in the company.

Limitations of Theory Z:

Theory Z suffers from the following limitations:

(i) Provision of lifetime employment to employees to develop a strong bond

between organization and employees may fail to motivate employees with

higher level needs. It merely provides job security and may fail to develop

loyalty among employees.

An employee may leave the organization when better employments are

offered to him by some other enterprise. Moreover, complete security of job

may create lethargy among many employees. Employers also do not like to

retain inefficient employees permanently.

(ii) Participation of employees in the decision-making process is very difficult.

Managers may dislike participation as it may hurt their ego and freedom.

Employees may be reluctant to participate due to fear of criticism and lack of

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motivation. Even if they sit along with management they may contribute little

unless they understand the issues and take initiative. Involvement of all

employees may also slow down the decision-making process.

(iii) Theory Z suggests organization without any structure. But without

structure there may be chaos in the organization as nobody will know who is

responsible to whom.

(iv) It may not be possible to develop a common culture in the organization

because people differ in their attitudes, habits, languages, religions, customs,

etc.

(v) Theory Z is based on Japanese management practices. These practices

have been evolved from Japan’s unique culture. Therefore, the theory may

not be applicable in different cultures.

Thus, Theory Z does not provide complete solution to motivational problems

of all organizations operating under different types of environment. However,

it is not merely a theory of motivation but a philosophy of managing. The

company used this management style because the company believes that

building strong relationship between the employees and management is

essential in company’s growth.

2.7 General Company Policies

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The employees should follow the rules and Regulation of the company.

Failure to comply in the company’s rules and regulation can be subject to

disciplinary action up to termination, if the employee will disobey on this policies

he/she will have a memo and after 3 memos he/she will be fired.

1. The employee should follow the company dress code. The employee

should wear the prescribed company uniform upon entering the

company premises.

2. The employee must present the company’s Identification card for any

entry and exit to the company premises.

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3. Staff should not enter the establishment if they are drunk and it is

prohibited.

4. Staff must wear safety equipment in production area.

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5. Look for the correct procedures and equipment.

6. It’s better to consult and report immediately pain and discomfort.

7. Accidents and incidents are also reported.

8. Staff must help newly hired employees trainees and visitors of the

company; inform them about the safety rules of the workplace.

9. Any concerns in terms of any health and safety will tell to the manager.

10. Keeping the workplace dry and tidy to avoid falls and accident.

Attendance Policies

The company maintain standard eight (8) working hours, it may change

depending on work location and job responsibilities.

1. The company does not tolerate absenteeism without appropriate excuse,

the staff must notify in advance to the supervisor if he/she will be late or

absent.

2. Seeming for work no sooner that 5 minutes prior to the start of the shift

and no later than the start of the shift.

3. Employees should inform a supervisor if he/she need to leave, for illness

or otherwise.

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4. The employees must remain to the workplace unless the needs of the job

require being elsewhere, except during authorized breaks including

restroom breaks.

5. Taking only the time normally allowed for breaks.

6. Remaining at work during your entire shift, unless excused by a

supervisor.

Work Schedule

Breaks
Position Regular Days
Morning Lunch Afternoon
Monday to
Friday from
9:45am – 12:00 nn – 3:00pm –
Admin 8:00am5:00pm
10:00am 1:00 pm 3:15pm
Saturday from
8:00am-12:00nn
Monday to
9:45am – 12:00 nn – 3:00pm–
Management Saturday from
10:00am 1:00 pm 3:15pm
8:00am-5:00pm
Monday to
Company 9:45am – 12:00 nn – 3:00pm–
Saturday from
staff/Worker 10:00am 1:00 pm 3:15pm
8:00am-5:00pm

Tardiness

The employees should be ready for work and expected to arrive at 8:00

AM, if they arrive beyond on their given schedule it considers as tardiness.

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Excessive tardiness is prohibited that may be subjected to disciplinary action

but the company consider the situations that affects the employees punctuality.

Vacations

The General Manager is the one who will approve or disapprove the early

request of the employees. The company provides vacations as a benefit, paid

vacations for them. They are flexible in approving time off when doing so would

not interfere with company operations. Vacation days are granted only on a full

day or half day basis.

After 6 months, the regular employee is adequate to receive paid time off

of his/her full time service. Employees must earn and increased vacation

benefits before they may be used. They must consult to the administration

personnel regarding the amount of vacation leave they accrue each pay period.

The remaining accrue time off may not be accumulated or carried forward into

next year. The vacation benefits do not accrue during any period of extended

leave and absence.

2.8 Facilities
1. Renovation

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Table 2.3 Renovation Supplies

5 pcs. Of
gallons

TOTAL: Php 33,346

6 packs
Table 2.3 Office Supplies

2. Office Supplies

Items Quantity Unit Price Total


Bond paper 3 rims 189.00 567.00
Ballpen 1 dozen 72.00 72.00
Folder 1 dozen 84.00 84.00

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Scientific Calculator 2 pcs 1,689.50 3,379.00


Receipt paper 5 rolls 34.70 173.50
Fastener 12 pcs 4.00 48.00
Marker 3 pcs 24.00 72.00
Scotch tape 3 pcs 12.00 36.00
Staple 4 boxes 21.75 87.00
Stapler 1 pc 68.00 68.00

TOTAL 4,586.50

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2.9 System and Forms Design

Salary Process Chart*


START

Collect Timecards

Process Payroll

Confirmation of
amount

Recording in
Cash Book

Figure 2.3 Salary Process Flow Chart

1. Collecting of Timecard
The timecard will collect by the General Manager in every 10th and 25th day
of the month. Entering the total working hours rendered by the employee for the
entire 15 days and calculating the accumulated amount of the total worked hours
and net pay. This is also includes his/her under time and overtime and put it in the
system. (Micros0oft Excel)
2. Reviewing the time keeping data
The input time keeping data should be review by the General Manager if
there is error or missing scan. Checking if the tax deduction is applied correctly

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such as SSS, Philhealth and Pag-ibig it should be deducted in the 25th day of the
paying salary.
3. Process Payroll
The General Manager will use the system to get the exact salary of each
employee after the benefit and other deduction.
4. Confirmation of amount
Upon distribution of salary the employee will sign as a confirmation of the
salary he/she received.
5. Recording in Cash Book
The General Manager will record the payment of salaries in the company’s
cash book after paying the employees.
START
Employment Flow Process
Identifying staffing

Position

Notification of Vacancy

Accepting of application form/Resume

Screening

Application
is Rejected
NO
Passed

NO

YES
Did He/She
Passed the Tests
Test (only 1 take)
NO
Did He/She
Pass the
Interview data Interview
YES
YES

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1. Identifying staffing

The General FINAL RESULT Manager and the Department

Head will the one who will identify if there is a need of new staff or the vacant

position. If the Department head is the one who request for the new staff, it should

be approved by the General Manager.

2. Position Description

The request for new staff should accompanied by Job Description and Job

Qualification to ensure that they will hire the right person for the job.

3. Notification of Vacancy

Announcement of job vacancy in any means such as Posters and in the

internet to let the people know that there is a vacant slot in the company. In this

announce should list the requirement need for the vacant slot.

4. Accepting of Application Form

The General Manager is the one who’s accepting the Application Form if it’s

electronically sent or in email. If the application is personally sent the security is

the one who will received the application and advised the applicant that the

company will keep in touch if He/she application is accepted. The General

Manager will be handling the application form for the screening.

5. Screening of Application Form/Resume

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The General Manager will screen the resume since the application form is

the summary of the capabilities of the applicant, from that the General Manager

will easily know if the applicant is suit to the job requirement.

6. Test

Here the candidate who passed the resume screening will be undergoing two

kinds of test the character test and knowledge based test also pre-interview. The

two test will served as personality test and intelligence test. The pre-interview will

examine the sincerity of the knowledge that they have.

7. Rejection of Application

If the applicant did not pass the test

8. Interview

The interview part of the final interview will be performing by General

Manager or by the Department Head. This will test the communication skills of

applicant if he/she can express himself/his self in front of everyone.

9. Final Result

This is the stage when the General Manager will decide if the applicant is

Hired or not.

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2.10 Administrative Forms

eLazer Company
Batasan Hills, Quezon City

EMPLOYEE JOB EVALUATION AND CLASSIFICATION RECORD


Department: ____________________________________________ Date: ______________
Employee ID #: _____________ Position: ________________ Date of Hire: _______________
Name: _______________________________________ Part-time Full-time

Job Classification/Grade Academic Year/ Department


12Month/
Monthly
Current
Information
New/Changed
Information
Job 1 Dept Job Transaction Rank Unit Time Based Actual
ID Code Effective Paid Based Salary Salary
Date
Current
Information
New/Changed
Information
Job 2
Current
Information
New/Changed
Information
Transitional Balances: Sick: __________ Vacation: _____________ PH: _____________
APPROVALS:

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Print Name Signature

Prepared By:
Department
Head
Manager

eLazer Company
Batasan Hills, Quezon City

JOB ANALYSIS FORM


Date: ______________
Prepared By: _______________
Title: _______________
Department: ______________
JOB RESPONSIBILITIES
Job Title: Reporting To:
Major Responsibilities:

Minor Responsibilities:

EDUCATIONAL/EXPERIENCE REQUIRED

GOALS/ OBJECTIVES OF POSITION

KNOWLEDGE/SKILL REQUIRED

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PHYSICAL REQUIREMENTS

SPECIAL PROBLEMS/ HAZARDOUS

eLazer Company
Batasan Hills, Quezon City

TERMINATION FORM

Title: _______________________________________
Current Position: _______________________________
Employee Name:__________________________________________________________
Last Name First Name Middle Initial
Employee ID: __________________________ Department: _________________
Last Day Work Paid: ________________________Retirement Date: _______________
MM/DD/YY MM/DD/YY
Address: __________________________________________________________
Phone Number : __________________________
Reason of Termination:
____________________________________________________________________
Comments:
_____________________________________________________________________

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_________________________________ _____________________
Human Resources Department/ Date Employee signature

eLazer Company
Batasan Hills, Quezon City

PERSONNEL REQUISITION FORM


Current Requisition
Date Number
Job Title Department
Salary Range Replacement
Name of New Position Approved: YES NO
Vacating Reason for
Employee Vacancy or
New Position:

Exempt Non-Exempt Hours of Work


Regular Full-Time Regular Part-Time
Temporary Time Evaluate
Temporary Agency Time Evaluate

Educational or Equivalent Experience:


Essential Job Functions:
Skill Required:
INTERVIEWERS
Name EVL
Name EVL
APPROVALS
Manager’s Signature Date

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Operations Director Date


Signature
CEO Signature Date
FOR HUMAN RESOURCES DEPARTMENT ONLY

Position Start Date


Filled By
Starting HR Signature
Salary

eLazer Company
Batasan Hills, Quezon City

eLazer Company
EMPLOYEES DAILY TIME CARD

No _____________________ Payroll Period _______________________

Name ______________________________________________________

Dept _______________________________________________________

Position ______________________ ID No. ________________________

Days Morning AFTERNOON OVERTIME LATE

IN OUT IN OUT IN OUT UT

1
2
3
4
5
6 Industrial Engineering Department
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8
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CHAPTER 3
MARKETING FEASIBILITY
This chapter presents the market and analysis of the past, present and

future demand and supply situations of the product. It also states the

marketing practices used as a guide for design the marketing strategies also

the projected sales and system of marketing.

A. Market Description

District II of Quezon City is one of the biggest and most populous

districts here in Metro Manila as constituents from Batasan Hills,

Commonwealth, Holy Spirit, Payatas A&B, and Bagong Silangan reside

here. It is a bustling district with many institutions established within its

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vicinity – government offices like the Commission of Audit, Sandigan-

Bayan, House of Representatives, Civil Service Commission, and the

Department of Social Welfare & Development; public markets most

notably the Commonwealth Market; the infamous Payatas Dumpsite

where the garbage of most municipalities in the National Capital Region

is dumped; and schools like Quezon City Polytechnic University-Batasan

Campus, Corazon Aquino Elementary School, Commonwealth High

School, and a lot more. Aside from these institutions, the said district is

where Commonwealth Avenue, one of the busiest roads in the metro, is

located.

3.1 Geographic Segmentation

City: Quezon City

District: 2

Population: 360 sample size (3568 Teachers)

Growth Rate: 2%

Demographic Segmentation

Through the use of Slovin’s Formula the respondents for the Survey was

Determined.

𝟑,𝟓𝟔𝟖 𝒕𝒆𝒂𝒄𝒉𝒆𝒓𝒔
n =
𝟏+(𝟑𝟓𝟔𝟖)(𝟎.𝟎𝟓)
𝟐

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=𝟑𝟔𝟎 𝒕𝒆𝒂𝒄𝒉𝒆𝒓𝒔

3.2 Age

The data shows the interval of age with respect to its total teachers

per range of age. It shows that most of the respondent teachers ages

from 26-30 years old.

AGE Total

21-25 105
26-30 86
31-35 68
36-40 56
41-45 33
46 and
12
up
360
3.3 Gender

The data below shows the gender of the teachers, it shows that

most of the teachers were Female.

Gender Total

Male 129
Female 231
360

3.4 Demand

Table 3.1 shows the demand for the last five years.

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𝟏𝟖𝟔 (𝑵𝒐. 𝒐𝒇 𝒕𝒆𝒂𝒄𝒉𝒆𝒓𝒔 𝒘𝒉𝒐 𝒘𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒔 𝒕𝒐 𝒃𝒖𝒚 𝒕𝒉𝒆 𝒑𝒓𝒐𝒅𝒖𝒄𝒕


𝐌𝐚𝐫𝐤𝐞𝐭 𝐀𝐜𝐜𝐞𝐩𝐭𝐚𝐛𝐢𝐥𝐢𝐭𝐲 𝐩𝐞𝐫𝐜𝐞𝐧𝐭𝐚𝐠𝐞 =
𝟑𝟔𝟎 𝑻𝒐𝒕𝒂𝒍 𝑹𝒆𝒔𝒑𝒐𝒏𝒅𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒕𝒆𝒂𝒄𝒉𝒆𝒓𝒔

Year Target Market Frequency Annual


Population Acceptability of Demand
(51.67%) Agreement

2013 3291 1700 1 1700

2014 3359 1736 1 1736

2015 3427 1771 1 1771

2016 3497 1807 1 1807

2017
3568 1844 1 1844

The source of the population of Teachers in Quezon City is based

on the Human Resources which can be seen in this

URL:http://quezoncitybusiness.com/index.php/2012-04-29-13-25-48.

The company conducted survey for the purpose of determining the

annual demand, the combined population of Teachers from elementary

and high school was computed to get the sample size of the teachers.

The formula that the company used to determine the past and

future annual demand are follows:

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Past Demand= Demand Present (1-Growth Rate)

Future Demand= Demand Present (1+Growth Rate)

Table 3.2 shows the demand for the next five years

Year Target Market Frequency of Annual


Population Acceptability Agreement Demand
(51.67%)

2018 3640 1881 1 1881

2019 3713 1919 1 1919

2020 3788 1957 1 1957

2021 3864 1997 1 1997

2022 3942 2037 1 2037

The source of the population of Teachers in Quezon City is based

on the Human Resources which can be seen in this

URL:http://quezoncitybusiness.com/index.php/2012-04-29-13-25-48.

The company conducted survey for the purpose of determining the

annual demand, the combined population of Teachers from elementary

and high school was computed to get the sample size of the teachers.

The formula that the company used to determine the past and

future annual demand are follows:

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Past Demand= Demand Present (1-Growth Rate)

Future Demand= Demand Present (1+Growth Rate)

3.5 Market Share Analysis


Table 3.3 shows the market share analysis.

Year Annual Annual Market Share


Demand Capacity

2018 1881 1728 91.87%

2019 1919 1728 90.05%

2020 1957 1728 88.30%

2021 1997 1728 86.53%

2022 2037 1728 84.83%

Annual Capacity
The formula for Market shares is Market Shares =
Annual Demand
The data of Annual Demand is came from the compute demand from
2018-2022. The formula of annual capacity and market shares are
follows:

Production per Day


𝟒𝟖𝟎 𝒎𝒊𝒖𝒕𝒆𝒔 𝐮𝐧𝐢𝐭𝐬
=( 𝒙 = 6 units/day
𝒅𝒂𝒚 𝟕𝟔.𝟖𝟖𝟏 𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒖𝒕𝒆𝒔
6 𝑤ℎ𝑖𝑡𝑒𝑏𝑜𝑎𝑟𝑑𝑑 𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑠𝑒𝑟𝑠 24 𝑑𝑎𝑦𝑠 12 𝑚𝑜𝑛𝑡ℎ𝑠
𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝐶𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝐴𝑛𝑛𝑢𝑎𝑙𝑙𝑦 = 𝑥 𝑥
𝑑𝑎𝑦 𝑚𝑜𝑛𝑡ℎ 𝑦𝑒𝑎𝑟

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= 1728 whiteboard erasers per year


3.6 Projected Sales

Based on Annual Capacity

SOLD PER SELLING


YEAR YEAR PRICE SALES

2018 1728 1,576.31 2,723,863.68

2019 1728 1,576.31 2,723,863.68

2020 1728 1,576.31 2,723,863.68

2021 1728 1,576.31 2,723,863.68

2022 1728 1,576.31 2,723,863.68

The annual sales is equal to Annual Demand times Price per piece

(Php 1630.82). Then to get the Monthly Sales, divide the annual sales to

12 months. Lastly, to get the daily sales, divide the Monthly Sales to 24

days.

3.7 Marketing Strategy

Product Strategy
Goals

Goals define what you want to achieve in the next quarter, year, or 18 months.

Here are a few examples:

Increase revenue by 30%

Expand in Quezon City

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Increase annual demand

Formulate new designs and continuous Innovation

Initiatives

Initiatives are the high-level efforts that will help you achieve your goals. Here

are some examples:

Performance improvements

Manufacturing Methods Improvements

Better reporting

Expand into the Philippines

3.8 Place Strategy

Our office and production are located at Brgy. Batasan Hills, Quezon City,

the customers are willing to purchase our product since it is the optimal place

base on the location strategy we used (Scoring Model).

Pricing Strategy
The price of Multi-purpose whiteboard eraser will be dependent on how

the market price of main raw materials. A change of the price product will be

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taken into consideration to the factor that measures the consumer’s capability

to purchase the product.

Cost-Plus Pricing strategy- it assures that all costs, both fixed and

variable, are covered and the desired profit percentage is attained.

Promotion Strategies
We used internet advertising to introduce our product; by our

company Facebook page everyone can know us as well as the specification

of our product. And they can order from there. Our company used the said

platform because most of the people now days are active in social media

sites like Facebook.

3.9 SWOT Analysis

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Based on our SWOT analysis our company has opportunities and


strength if the company enters the business.

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3.10 Systems and Forms Design

3.10.1 Sales Invoice

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3.10.2 Delivery Receipts

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3.10.3 Petty Cash Receipt

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3.10.4 Check Voucher

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3.10.5 Credit Memo

CHAPTER 4

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PRODUCTION OR TECHNICAL FEASIBILITY

This Chapter is the presentation of the details of the company’s proposed

project’s product. How it will product produce using different lean

manufacturing methods chosen location based on factor rating method, This

Chapter also explains how the product being produced, and what are the

sequence of processes and lastly, how many number of workers needed.

design of facilities, design of product, buildings, project capacity, design

of layout, specific machineries and equipment, raw materials, manpower

requirements, project utilities, waste disposal management, production

systems, documentation and forms.

4.1 Product

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TOP VIEW (Realistic)

Battery Cap

Ink Storage
Cap

Eraser
Eraser
Slider
Body

BACK UPPER VIEW


(Realistic)

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FRONT VIEW
(Realistic)

DIMENSIONS

TOP VIEW (ERASER BODY)

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TOP VIEW (INK STORAGE CAP)

TOP VIEW (ERASER SLIDER)

TOP VIEW (BATTERY CAP)

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4.1.1 Product Description:

Our product is a Multi-Purpose Whiteboard Eraser, it is a multi-functional

whiteboard eraser with eraser, marker holder, ink storage, laser pointer, and

wireless presenter that enables you to control your presentation. It is a very

useful tool for lecturing and presentation in office, school and other place

which you need a whiteboard eraser.

Wireless Presenter Product Technicalities

Terms and Explanations: Battery Life: 180 days


Amperes: 0.1 amps
Laser Button: Laser on/off control
Volts: 1.5 volts
Page Up Button: Slide Down Control
Product lifespan: 2 years (Based on
Page Down Button: Slide up Control the life span of the raw materials)

Lock/Unlock Switch: To change Battery

LED indicator

Blinking: Connected and waiting for ID

Off: ID received and waiting for Command

Off-On-Off: Every time Command Received

Installation and Usage

Plug the Receiver into USB port

Then the LED indicator will start to blink

Push either the Page down or Page up

Button for 1-2 seconds. The LED indicator will Turn off

Begin your Power Point presentation

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4.2.1 Production Process

Observe Time( in minutes )


Process Name Total OT Average OT Allowance Factor Rating Factor Basic Time Standard Time
1 2
Machine Section
Model Analysis 11.3 12.03 23.33 11.665 14.0% 100% 11.67 13.299
Slicing the Design 3.12 3.31 6.43 3.215 14.0% 100% 3.22 6.665
Printing 36.01 35.46 71.47 35.735 14.0% 100% 35.74 41.741
Support Removal 2.09 2.35 4.44 2.22 14.0% 100% 2.22 3.531
Post Processing 1.11 1.34 2.45 1.225 14.0% 100% 1.23 2.547
Assembly Section
Get and put the finish body on the machine tray 0.026 0.03 0.056 0.0112 14.0% 100% 0.01 0.013
Get the button of wireless presenter 0.016 0.14 0.156 0.0312 14.0% 100% 0.03 0.036
Put the button on the button holder 0.018 0.017 0.035 0.007 14.0% 100% 0.01 0.008
Get the wireless presenter 0.015 0.017 0.032 0.0064 14.0% 100% 0.01 0.007
Put the wireless presenter on the holder 4.7 4.9 9.6 1.92 14.0% 100% 1.92 1.123
Get and put the cover for the battery holder 0.013 0.019 0.032 0.0064 14.0% 100% 0.01 1.234
Get the cover for the wireless presenter 2.07 2.37 4.44 0.888 14.0% 100% 0.89 0.58
Put the cover at the back of wireless presenter 0.022 0.026 0.048 0.0096 14.0% 100% 0.01 0.011
Get the Screw 0.014 0.015 0.029 0.0058 14.0% 100% 0.01 0.007
Screw all the corners of cover 0.013 0.012 0.025 0.005 14.0% 100% 0.01 1.789
Get the eraser cloth and adhesive 0.011 0.012 0.023 0.0046 14.0% 100% 0.00 1.567
Attach the eraser cloth and adhesive on the cloth holder 3.77 3.6 7.37 1.474 14.0% 100% 1.47 1.681
Transfer to the packaging section 0.014 0.016 0.03 0.006 14.0% 100% 0.01 0.08
Packaging Area 14.0%
Get the bubble wrap 1.02 1.08 2.1 0.42 14.0% 100% 0.42 0.479
Wrap the finish product , markers and batteries 0.029 0.032 0.061 0.0122 14.0% 100% 0.01 0.014
Inspect if the parts of products are complete 1.33 1.25 2.58 0.516 14.0% 100% 0.52 0.588
Put the wrapped product in the box and sealed 0.43 0.39 0.82 0.164 14.0% 100% 0.16 0.187
TOTAL TIME 76.881

Time and Motion Study


The total Standard time is equal to 76.881 mins. with two trials. The

allowance that the company used based on their policy is 14.01% and 100%

of rating factor.

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Flow Process Chart for Machine

The flow process chart of machine is composed of five (5) operation

process with a total time of 67.783 mins.

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Flow Process Chart for Worker

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The Total Standard time for each product is 76.881 mins with 20

operations, 1 transportation, 1 inspection and storage. The type of Flow

Process chart that the company used for the production of the product is

Machine-Worker flow process chart. Since the product of the company has

one design, the company decides to have a repetitive type of production, but

the company also accept customization of plastic if there’s customer and since

the company has an 3D Printing Machine which can mold different shapes in

the form of plastic. It can be also the Alternative Process of production for the

company.

4.3 Materials Handling Design

The storage, handling, and processing of the chemicals that make acrylic

plastics are done under controlled environmental conditions to prevent

contamination of the material or unsafe chemical reactions. The control of

temperature is especially critical to the polymerization process. Even the initial

temperatures of the monomer and catalyst are controlled before they are

introduced into the mold. During the entire process, the temperature of the

reacting material is monitored and controlled to ensure the heating and cooling

cycles are the proper temperature and duration.

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From the truck of supplier, worker will get the acrylic powder with the

use of rack cart then the sacks of acrylic powder is transfer to the storage

area for the materials, then it will store to a cooled environment like in our

storage room, for avoiding some chemical reactions because of heat.

From the delivery truck, the raw materials is transferred to the storage

room and stored with a cool temperature below 30 degrees.

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4.4 Technological Assistance

Name of office or Address and Tel. no.


Type of Assistance
Specialist /Contact Person.
Use of advanced Department of Taguig, Metro Manila
technologies Science and (02) 837 2944
Technology
Assistance in Product CCP Complex Roxas
Product development Development and Blvd., Pasay City
process Design Center of the (+632) 832 1112
Philippines

4.5 Project Site

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Figure 1.2 Location of the Factory

Above figure shows the exact location of the factory at west side of the

district 2 (Kalusugan st. Brgy. Batasan Hills), for the reason that west side of

district 2 has the biggest score in Factor-Rating method (1.65) which is the

location strategy that we have used. Specifically near at Batasan Road.

FACTOR-RATING METHOD

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4.6 Project Layout

Based on Relationship Chart this is the Layout that our company needs

TOP VIEW

Packaging Assembly
Molding
Area Area
Area

Storage
Area

Office C.R.

ISOMETRIC
VIEW

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FRONT VIEW

ISOMETRIC
FRONT VIEW

UPPER BACK VIEW

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Relationship Chart

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4.7 Plant Size and Production Schedule

Scheduling is the process of arranging, controlling and optimizing work

and workloads in a production process or manufacturing process. Scheduling

is used to

allocate plant and machinery resources, plan human resources, plan product

ion processes and purchase materials.

It is an important tool for manufacturing, where it can have a major impact

on the productivity of a process. In manufacturing, the purpose of scheduling

is to minimize the production time and costs, by telling a production facility

when to make, with which staff, and on which equipment. Production

scheduling aims to maximize the efficiency of the operation and reduces costs.

E-lazer Company will operate from 50-90% capacity on its first five year

of operation. On its initial year, the monthly production will be 156 WBE at 24

days operation per month.

YEAR OF ESTIMATED
OPERATION OUTPUT(WBE)

1st 1728
2nd 1728
3rd 1728
4th 1728
5th 1728
Production per Day

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𝟒𝟖𝟎 𝒎𝒊𝒖𝒕𝒆𝒔 𝐮𝐧𝐢𝐭𝐬


=( 𝒙 = 6 units/day
𝒅𝒂𝒚 𝟕𝟔.𝟖𝟖𝟏 𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒖𝒕𝒆𝒔
6 𝑤ℎ𝑖𝑡𝑒𝑏𝑜𝑎𝑟𝑑𝑑 𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑠𝑒𝑟𝑠 24 𝑑𝑎𝑦𝑠 12 𝑚𝑜𝑛𝑡ℎ𝑠
𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝐶𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝐴𝑛𝑛𝑢𝑎𝑙𝑙𝑦 = 𝑥 𝑥
𝑑𝑎𝑦 𝑚𝑜𝑛𝑡ℎ 𝑦𝑒𝑎𝑟

= 1728 whiteboard erasers per year

Production Schedule

Department/ Manpower
Shift Description Time
Section Requirement

- Marketing
Manager
- Production Monday to Saturday
1 Management 4
Manager 8:00am – 5:00pm
- Finance Manager
- General Manager

Company - Production Monday to Saturday


1 1
staff/Worker worker 8:00am – 5:00pm

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4.8 Floor Plan

Scale 1:100

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DIMENSION OF FLOOR PLAN

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Safety Layout (Emergency Evacuation Plan)

The green line serve as the exit plan and the red logo are the

place where the fire extinguishers are located.

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4.9 Building and Facilities

Actual pictures of Building and

facilities at Kalusugan St., Brgy.

Batasan Hills

4.10 Materials and Equipment

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Direct Materials

1 roll

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Indirect Materials

Equipment

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4.11 Utilities

The company represents the list of utilities that needed in the


project. It includes utility sources and cost.

ELECTRICITY BILL
Hours Monthly (24
Appliances Wattage KwH Quantity
Used days)
Computer Set 120 0.12 8 1 23.04
Printer 45 0.045 4 1 4.32
Water Dispenser 580 0.58 6 1 83.52
Air Conditioner 800 0.8 8 1 153.6
Exhaust Fan 30 0.03 8 2 11.52
Ceiling Fan 75 0.075 8 2 28.8
LED Light 8 0.008 8 2 3.072
LED Light 8 0.008 16 1 3.072
Fluorescent Light 20 0.02 8 6 23.04
Telephone 20 0.02 8 1 3.84
At P9.75 337.824
Total: 3293.784
Php 39,525.41
per year

WATER BILL
Consumption /
Use cost (php) Cost Monthly TOTAL
Month (m³)
Php
Water
45 93.99 4,229.55 50,754.60
Bill
per year

TELECOMMUNICATION BILL

Cost Monthly (Php)

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Internet and
1299
phone
Php 15,588 per year

4.12 Raw Materials Requirements

1 roll

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4.13 Manpower Requirements

Allowance Factor
Setup 5
Coffee Break 30
Personal Time 24
Total 59

Allowance Time
𝐴𝑙𝑙𝑜𝑤𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟 = Operating Time−Allowance time 𝑥100

59
= 𝑥100
480 − 59
= 14.01%

No. of Employee
Actual Hours needed
hr
𝐴𝑐𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑙 𝐻𝑜𝑢𝑟𝑠 𝑁𝑒𝑒𝑑𝑒𝑑 = 76.881 mins 𝑥 𝑥7 𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑡𝑠 𝑝𝑒𝑟 𝑑𝑎𝑦
60 mins
= 8.97 hrs.
Employee
8.97 hours x employee/8 hours = 1.12 employee or 1 employee

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4.14 Wastes and Waste Disposal

Our product is primarily composed of acrylic components also known as

poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA), is a clear colorless transparent plastic

with a high melting point better impact strength and better weather

resistance than polystyrene (PS). Widely used in many areas like

transparency roofs, automobile parts and produced principally through

casting and extrusion.

Acrylic scrap is an industrial waste, not only having a significant impact

on the environment. These plastics are not easily biodegradable and

some plastics could be highly flammable. Our company goes with the

process of recycling scrap by means of Pyrolysis. The process generally

consists of heating the acrylic scrap with a certain chemicals to a

temperature of 4000 – 4500 degree Celsius in a mild steel distillation still.

The heating results in depolymerisation of PPMA to Methyl meth acrylate

monomer which is condensed and redistilled to get the pure regenerated

monomer.

PMMA may also been depolymerized by contacting with molten lead

resulting in MMA with a purity of more than 98% but from an

environmental point of view the use of lead many be undesirable.

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4.15 Total Production Cost

Year 2018

Direct Materials 1,361,806.38

Direct Labor: 147,456.00

Manufacturing Overhead:

Indirect Materials 20,691.00

Indirect Labor 658,368.00

Electricity 39,525.41

Water 50,754.60

Telecommunication 15,588.00

Rent 36,000.00

Oil Maintenance 22,176.00

Depreciation M&E 7,298.80


Total Production Cost Php 2,359,664.19

The total Production Cost is equal to Php 2,359,664.19

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4.16 Systems and Forms

Order form of Raw Materials

The raw materials used in producing the product will be first

ordered in the storage room, with the order form above.

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CHAPTER 5
TOTAL PROJECT COST

FINANCIERS

NAME EQUITY % OWNERSHIP

Macasarte, Jefferson 25%


400,000.00

Martinez, Mathew 15%


240,000.00

Castor, Reven John 15%


240,000.00

Guinto, Elaine 15%


240,000.00

Giray, Genelyn 7.50%


120,000.00

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Cabal, Jonalyn 7.50%


120,000.00

Returban, Clyde 7.50%


120,000.00

Viloria, Pitt Andrew 7.50%


120,000.00

TOTAL 100%
1,600,000.00

CHAPTER 6 PRE-OPERATING COST


Pre-Operating Period - Balance Sheet

ELAZER COMPANY
Pre-Operating Period
Balance Sheet
ASSETS
Current Assets:
Cash 1,473,053.23
Prepaid Rent 15,000.00

Fixed Assets:
Machineries and Equipment 36,494.00
Furniture and Fixtures 42,252.77
Vehicle 30,000

Intangibles:
Business Permits 3,200.00

Total Assets 1,600,000.00

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Capital:
Macasarte, Jefferson 400,000.00
Martinez, Mathew 240,000.00
Castor, Reven John c 240,000.00
Guinto, Elaine 240,000.00
Giray, Genelyn 120,000.00
Cabal, Jonalyn 120,000.00
Returban, Clyde Jun Danielle 120,000.00
Viloria, Pitt Andrew 120,000.00

TOTAL CAPITAL 1,600,000.00

Pre-Operating Period – Cash Flow

ELAZER COMPANY
Pre Operating Period
Cash Flow
CASH INFLOWS:

Cash Contributions 1,600,000.00

Total Cash Inflows 1,600,000.00

LESS: CASH DISBURSEMENTS

Prepaid Rent 15,000.00

Machineries & Equipment 36,494.00

Furniture & Fixtures 42,252.77

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Vehicle 30,000.00

Business Permits 3,200.00

Total Cash Disbursements 126,946.77

CASH BALANCE, END 1,473,053.23

OPERATING PROJECTED CASHFLOW

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OPERATING PROJECTED INCOME STATEMENT

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OPERATING PROJECTED BALANCE SHEET

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COST OF GOODS MANUFACTURED AND SOLDS

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GROSS PROFIT RATIO

RETURN ON INVESTMENT

BREAK-EVEN POINT SUMMARY

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CHAPTER 7

SOCIO-ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY

Your Employee

The goal of the certain business is to have a high income and the

business should generate pleasantly relationship between the manager

and its coworkers. Having a good employee makes the business go

run smoothly giving productivity. Good communication and dealing with

your employees will give a good relationship towards the business.

The employees in the business need income to support their own needs

and also rendered in the business. Building up business is a great

opportunity for an employed people to have jobs and it will also be their

opportunity of having another source of income.

The Government

The study is expected to give a great contribution to the government in

the form of giving a good literacy rate in the field of education. We know

that education is very important to all. This study concerns about in

helping the instructors/teachers in District II of Quezon City to increase

the literacy rate.

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Other beneficiaries

The study contributes for those who wants to innovate and improve the

product.

It will also help the locality as well as the economy in its future project

especially the people that will benefit it.

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