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GCE

Edexcel GCE
Core Mathematics C3 (6665)

January 2006

Mark Scheme (Results)


Core Mathematics C3 (6665)
Edexcel GCE
January 2006
6665 Core Mathematics C3
Mark Scheme
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

1. (a)
y
Shape unchanged B1
(2, 7) Point B1 (2)

O x

(b) y
(2, 4) Shape B1
Point B1 (2)

O x

(c)

( −2, 4) y (2, 4) Shape B1


(2, 4) B1
( −2, 4) B1 (3)
[7]

O x
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

2. x 2 − x − 2 = ( x − 2 )( x +1) At any stage B1


2 x 2 + 3x x ( 2 x + 3) x
= = B1
( 2 x + 3)( x − 2 ) ( 2 x + 3)( x − 2 ) x − 2
2 x 2 + 3x 6 x ( x + 1) − 6
− 2 = M1
( 2 x + 3)( x − 2 ) x − x − 2 ( x − 2 )( x + 1)
x2 + x − 6
= A1
( x − 2 )( x + 1)
=
( x + 3)( x − 2 )
M1 A1
( x − 2 )( x + 1)
x+3
= A1 (7)
x +1
[7]

Alternative method
x 2 − x − 2 = ( x − 2 )( x +1) At any stage B1
( 2 x + 3) appearing as a factor of the numerator at any stage B1
2 x 2 + 3x

6
=
( 2 x 2 + 3 x ) ( x + 1) − 6 ( 2 x + 3)
M1
( 2 x + 3)( x − 2 ) ( x − 2 )( x + 1) ( 2 x + 3)( x − 2 )( x + 1)
2 x 3 + 5 x 2 − 9 x − 18
= can be implied A1
( 2 x + 3)( x − 2 )( x + 1)

( x − 2) ( 2x2 + 9x + 9) ( 2 x + 3) ( x 2 + x − 6 ) ( x + 3) ( 2 x 2 − x − 6 ) M1
= or or
( 2 x + 3)( x − 2 )( x + 1) ( 2 x + 3)( x − 2 )( x + 1) ( 2 x + 3)( x − 2 )( x + 1)
Any one linear factor × quadratic
=
( 2 x + 3)( x − 2 )( x + 3) Complete factors A1
( 2 x + 3)( x − 2 )( x + 1)
x+3
= A1 (7)
x +1
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

dy 1 3
3. = accept M1 A1
dx x 3x
dy 1
At x = 3, = ⇒ m′ = − 3 Use of mm′ = −1 M1
dx 3
y − ln1 = −3 ( x − 3) M1
y = −3 x + 9 Accept y = 9 − 3 x A1 (5)
[5]
dy 1
= leading to y = −9 x + 27 is a maximum of M1 A0 M1 M1 A0 =3/5
dx 3 x

4. (a) (i)
dx
( e ) = 3e3 x + 2 ( or 3e 2 e3 x )
d 3x+2
At any stage B1

dy
= 3 x 2 e 3 x + 2 + 2 x e3 x + 2 Or equivalent M1 A1+A1
dx
(4)
(ii)
d
dx
( )
cos ( 2 x 3 ) = −6 x 2 sin ( 2 x 3 ) At any stage M1 A1

d y −18 x sin ( 2 x ) − 3cos ( 2 x )


3 3 3

= M1 A1 (4)
dx 9 x2
Alternatively using the product rule for second M1 A1
y = ( 3x ) cos ( 2 x3 )
−1

= −3 ( 3 x ) cos ( 2 x 3 ) − 6 x 2 ( 3 x ) sin ( 2 x 3 )
dy −2 −1

dx
Accept equivalent unsimplified forms

dy dx
(b) 1 = 8cos ( 2 y + 6 ) or = 8cos ( 2 y + 6 ) M1
dx dy
dy 1
= M1 A1
dx 8cos ( 2 y + 6 )
dy 1 ⎛ 1 ⎞
= ⎜ = (±) ⎟
dx ⎛ ⎛ x ⎞ ⎞ ⎜⎝ 2 √ (16 − x 2 ) ⎟⎠ M1 A1 (5)
8cos ⎜ arcsin ⎜ ⎟ ⎟
⎝ ⎝ 4 ⎠⎠
[13]
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

4
5. (a) 2 x2 −1 − =0 Dividing equation by x M1
x
1 4
x2 = + Obtaining x 2 = … M1
2 2x
⎛2 1⎞
x=
√⎜ + ⎟ ¿
⎝ x 2⎠
cso A1 (3)

(b) x1 = 1.41, x2 = 1.39, x3 = 1.39 B1, B1, B1


If answers given to more than 2 dp, penalise first time then accept awrt above. (3)

(c) Choosing (1.3915, 1.3925 ) or a tighter interval M1


f (1.3915 ) ≈ −3 ×10 , f (1.3925 ) ≈ 7 ×10
−3 −3
Both, awrt A1
Change of sign (and continuity) ⇒ α ∈ (1.3915, 1.3925)
⇒ α = 1.392 to 3 decimal places ¿ cso A1 (3)
[9]

6. (a) R cos α = 12, R sin α = 4


R = √ (12 2 + 4 2 ) = √ 160 Accept if just written down, awrt 12.6 M1 A1
4
tan α = , ⇒ α ≈ 18.43° awrt 18.4° M1, A1(4)
12

7
(b) cos ( x + their α ) = ( ≈ 0.5534 ) M1
their R
x + their α = 56.4° awrt 56° A1
= … , 303.6° 360° − their principal value M1
x = 38.0°, 285.2° Ignore solutions out of range A1, A1 (5)
If answers given to more than 1 dp, penalise first time then accept awrt above.

(c)(i) minimum value is − √ 160 ft their R B1ft

(ii) cos ( x + their α ) = −1 M1


x ≈ 161.57° cao A1 (3)
[12]
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

7. (a) (i) Use of cos 2 x = cos 2 x − sin 2 x in an attempt to prove the identity. M1
cos 2 x cos 2 x − sin 2 x ( cos x − sin x )( cos x + sin x )
= = = cos x − sin x ¿ cso A1 (2)
cos x + sin x cos x + sin x cos x + sin x

(ii) Use of cos 2 x = 2 cos 2 x − 1 in an attempt to prove the identity. M1


Use of sin 2 x = 2sin x cos x in an attempt to prove the identity. M1
( cos 2 x − sin 2 x ) = ( 2 cos 2 x − 1 − 2sin x cos x ) = cos 2 x − cos x sin x − ¿
1 1 1
cso A1 (3)
2 2 2

1
(b) cos θ ( cos θ − sin θ ) = Using (a)(i) M1
2
1
cos 2 θ − cos θ sin θ − =0
2
1
( cos 2θ − sin 2θ ) = 0 Using (a)(ii) M1
2
cos 2θ = sin 2θ ¿ A1 (3)

(c) tan 2θ = 1 M1
π ⎛ 5π 9π 13π ⎞
2θ = , ⎜ , , ⎟ any one correct value of 2θ A1
4 ⎝ 4 4 4 ⎠

π 5π 9π 13π
θ= , , , Obtaining at least 2 solutions in range M1
8 8 8 8
The 4 correct solutions A1 (4)
If decimals ( 0.393,1.963,3.534,5.105) or degrees ( 22.5°,112.5°, 202.5°, 292.5° ) are [12]
given, but all 4 solutions are found, penalise one A mark only.
Ignore solutions out of range.
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

8. (a) gf ( x ) = e 2( 2 x + ln 2) M1
= e 4 x e 2ln 2 M1
= e 4 x e ln 4 M1
= 4 e4 x Give mark at this point, cso A1 (4)
( Hence gf : x a 4 e4 x , x ∈ )
(b)
y

Shape and point B1 (1)

O x

(c) Range is + Accept gf ( x ) > 0, y > 0 B1 (1)

d
(d) ⎡⎣ gf ( x ) ⎤⎦ = 16 e 4 x
dx
3
e4 x = M1 A1
16
3
4 x = ln M1
16
x ≈ −0.418 A1 (4)
[10]