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- Douglas Hernandez - Chemical Engineer (résumé)
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h0 (Heat transfer coefficient ousite the pipe) 6000 hdo (fouling factor outside the

hd0 11111.11

kw 47

Do 0.03 Dittus-boelter equation for hi

Di 0.02 k of dowtherm

hdi 666.67 hi

hi (heat transfer coefficient inside the pipe) 214.5

Ucalc 149.56

Ucalc/Uassume 1

Uassume 149.4

Q (heat to be removed from the reactor)(kW) 1.87E+06

∆Tm 174.81 ∆Tm

A 71.76

was assumed to be 3m

long.

Area of one tube 0.24 Area of 1 tube = Pix

No of tubes 299.71 DxL

Actual 300 No of tubes =

TotalArea/ Area of 1

Shell Inside Diameter (m) 2 passes 0.59 tube.

Total cross section area of the300 pipes 70.62 velocity through the

Dowtherm Volumetric Flow Rate (cubic meter/sec) 7.12E+01 tube = Dowtherm

FLow Rate / T.Cross

Velocity through tubes 1.01 check Q

sectional Area

Reynolds No of Dowtherm 80419.05

the pressure drop across the heat exhanger is calculated by the formula;

Specific gravity 0.997

∆P =( 4*L*shear stress of wall )/ D

Therfore, acc ording to

to calculate the shear stress of the wall, we use the Blasius Model;

between density of a s

specific gravity; densi

Pressure Drop across the Heat Exchanger: 357511.06

height (m) 12.5

Density of the dowtherm 997

Gravitatonal Constant 9.81

velocity 9.92E-01

diameter(mm) 0.05

Density of the dowtherm 997

viscosity 0 to calculate the shear stress, w

Reynolds number : 224830.15 Reynolds number and see whe

shear stress 1.79 than 100,000 and then we calcu

Pressure Drop Across the Reactor 4080.27 using the equation above.

length = 30 m

Pressure Drop from the reactor to the Heat Exhanger

Height (Δz) 12.5

Velocity out of the reactor 9.92E-01 Inorder to calculate the pressure

reactor to the heat exchanger; w

the Bernoulli's equation.

(V1^2/2g) + z1 + (P1/ρg) = (v2^2

(P2/ρg)

Inorder to calculate the pressure

Velocity into the heat exchanger 1.01 reactor to the heat exchanger; w

gravitational constant 9.81 the Bernoulli's equation.

denisty of the dowtherm 997 (V1^2/2g) + z1 + (P1/ρg) = (v2^2

According to Bernoullis theorem; (P2/ρg)

Pressure drop -122,241.15 Rearranging the above equation;

ΔP =((V2^2- V1^2)*ρ)/2 - ρgΔz

Total Pressure Drop throught the heat exchanger and the pipework to and from the reactor

Pressure drop across the heat exchanger 357511.06

Pressure drop across the reactor 4080.27

Pressure drop from the reactor to the heat exchanger -122,241.15

Total Pressure drop 239,350.18

(fouling factor inside the pipe)

the hdi and hdo values were calculated by reciprocating 0.00009 and

(fouling factor outside the pipe)

0.0015 values. Values 0.00009 and 0.0015 are the fouling resistance

values found online.

us-boelter equation for hi the heat transfer coefficient is found by the Dittus - boelter equation

0.13 Nu = (hzD/K) = 0.023 Re4/5 Pr0.3

214.5 where hz = hi

where Re = 9269.55

Pr = (Cp .µ)/ K where Cp = 2.2 KJ/Kg/K, µ = 0.3x 10-3 and K = 0.13 W/m/K)

(convert to kW)

dowtherm inlet temperature, T2 = outlet temperatture and t = wall temperature. T1 =

382Celsius, T2 = 370 C

t = 201.12 (using steam tables at bar gauge =15 which is 16 absolute bar pressure.

hence we have to find the temperature between the pressures 15 ad 20) T at 15bar =

198.3 and Tat 20 bar = 212.4. therefore to calculate the wall temperature = Tat 15 bar +

((Tar 20 bar - Tat 15 bar )/5) = 201.12.

the are is calculated using the equation ; A = Q/(Ux ∆Tm).

layout table in slides on the VLE based

city through the on a triangular arrangement . There

= Dowtherm

w Rate / T.Cross are 2 passes in the heat exchanger and

ional Area the shell diameter converted from

23.25in into metres.

Therfore, acc ording to the realtionship

between density of a substance and the

specific gravity; density of the dowtherm 997

s number and see whether it is less

,000 and then we calculate it by

e equation above.

30 m

the heat exchanger; we have to use

ulli's equation.

+ z1 + (P1/ρg) = (v2^2/2g) + z2 +

calculate the pressure drop from the

the heat exchanger; we have to use

ulli's equation.

+ z1 + (P1/ρg) = (v2^2/2g) + z2 +

^2- V1^2)*ρ)/2 - ρgΔz

0.00009 and

g resistance

equation

= 0.13 W/m/K)

) where T 1=

perature. T1 =

bar pressure.

0) T at 15bar =

re = Tat 15 bar +

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