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I' Y TEC- NI BY CRA1DMASTER YIP "

i n by:

;STER YIP CHUN

Dtrecto« 0.1 Yip Man Martiol:...Art Associauo«

T - flnitlt AdViser:

MASTER LE'UNG TING

B.A,. Ph.D. r

IOlh Level M. O. C of I. W. T:L. TM.A.A.

ANSILA-O'R LI

. '.04,. All.L.

ITOR

IN

~9Bl" by L.eung's PUbnc.at~on5;; Hong Kong ~ r . irved, Printed in lHong Kong ..

IONS

,,~ I 16 Win!'I' TRItt. ,Dllm~y T:ec'h'niquP:8 hi ttl e name o;f a book being Iplanraed 'for publication e·ver since 'tihe de!a,tr. of my father", th elate G randmaste r 'Y~'p M,a,fiI" As ltul!' Inei If' of "the grand master ltV Ie of Ch i rn e.se Ku n.g-'f'uJ III 'fH~ ~rt Imy 'respons ilbi 'I '~tv to, IpU t i nto me tlechlrl iques of 1tIe \i'llQoden du mlmy.., 'wn ]ch form nu~ essent la I

of Wi n9 Tsun K uen, .aM to a i bw readers ,and enthU's~ asts of martial to LI ndemand I' th rough the a ld of el set Qf pin atos passed to roe by father~ the 'Ways o,t app~yirrl'9l the_S! teohmi'qu'e'Si iH,owever', publ icat,~oril

the book. was d~lav,ett- OOca~:se ~ wi S 8wa re of' the fact 'mirt many tutors of Wing 'T:5iUn 'Style ''Wel''·e teaching the Wa'Q:den Dummy quo iIIn w,ays, ~u Ite- d ilfIerent from those miy fatha r ttl ught me. The ra nee of' 'the book m'ight~ SL9 I thought ~awl i er i ['i')9ike t'h ese tutors

wril arrassed ..

~.'II'I th e ~ast ylear j :a tutor ed ited a boo k in my name I' i Pil wh i eh the ......... used as, ill ustratiens were pa rt of Imy 0011 scticn I obta i ned from hither,. I~ rea Ily d idn~t know hew he' got these pRotos .. 'What makes me

II ttu~ d iso'rde;rly arrangemeIllts, of the materla I s, a nd the i r'! correct incomp ~ete exp lanattions and demonst~atior\S:. That boo k w,i I ~ su n;:~~y the image' o,f my father, ,arnd lead readers lnto misl:u~,llief of wrong Iques. 'T m,aT!:' ']$ wh V I flnd ~'t: neeessa ry to pub I [sh my' own boOo k,

to tihaJnk :my ku nm- fu brother ID r, Leung T'~ng fo r offer'ing his th rough out the p!I'an n1 i ng of th is book, and help i ng IT'Le in every .,.., en P IJJni nlg it into 'p,ri rrt,

my I~ ncere. wi sh that readers wi II find th is bo-ok hel pfu I not on I'y as ...... n· ce book. of rna rtla ~ arts, biJlt a lso as a'lIl lnd ls,pensab Ie· a ld wh i i e COlli rses O'f 'W ing Tsu n K I!J ng-'fu.

by Yip Chun

Director of Yip M~n ,Marltai-A rr AS5m:Jation

5

N

P.

Yip' CJrlln P.

UN _ HE AUTHOR

p.

CRIPflON OF tHE OR.IGIIN &

V LOPMENT OF THE 'WING 'TSUN

U MY

Leung Tlng' P .

. TIONS OF "JHIE WOODEN DUMMIES Yip oo« P: 1

H 116 W~NG TSUN DUMM,Y' TECHNIQUES 'Yip Man .P. I

__ IIJ I lION-S '& EXPLA.'NAT'iONS OF 'THE

• T I DUMMY 'TECHNIIQUES

Y 0 MY FATHER - YIP' MAN THE

T GRANDMASTER, Of WING TS,UN

LE

Yi," ChU'n P .,

IfH . - ii ~

'Yip Chun ,. ,47

lNOLCXiY

b 1981.. P 19.82,,, F b 1988" P 1988~ v 1 90~

STER, YIP CHUN' 'THE AUTHOR

D V' lOP'MENT O'F

H WING ,TSUN DIlMM Y

THE SHAPE OF THE, DUMMY

~~~ he trunk of the 'Wing Tsun woaden dummy is made 0 cylindrical 'wooden stake of about fiive feet Inlength and m inches in diameter, Other parts of the dummy include til t upper arms, w.hich . are stuck lntc two chiseled mortises ,91 th t of th e upper part 'of the trunk, the third arm, called U1 middle arm which is stuck in to' a chiseled 'mortise below the two for l h anns, and the dummy leg which is. a short bent stake tlrlcik~J fll tee arms, stuck a'~ a chiseled mortise below that fOI the mi dl e a hove parts together form the body of the dummy ~ which

t e 'supportmg frame by two cross-bars, respectively pH~. in

UJh mortised hole s at the upper and lower ends 'Of 'the trunk, 111 I'I1¥'I ...... b . are fixed. onto 'two perpendicular square pillars, called .. ft,ftl"YOf·n plllan. Th 6 su,pporting pillars are usually rrrm]y fixed 'on I r t . g:t'OUnd~1 so as, to stand heavy strikes.

E BETWEEN TIME DUMMY ST'AJI<.E AND THIE PilLE!

us styles of Chinese ku~fu in 'Which. wooden stakes aids for d'rillwg in. kung-fu techniques. These stakes Ire ~. Ilong" in Chinese- L-ikm]ly the wo.rd chong means any -"""'nd.i ... ul nty stuck at tbe ground. Irmi sht therefore not mean astake used by a kUfig-fu driller,

, th e word chonB may be prefixed with other words to. form.

t rms to mean particular stakes used for individ ual purpose s e • allllni ~ tiler€:: is one kind of chong: in Chinese kung-fu, called the '110 'W (Plum .B,lossam Piles) ~ in which the word chong is. trans"piles' instead of "dummies"; because they are not used as. a dunumy J vihfch. is til meant to be a substitute for a partner or

~DI~DC)nent. Another example is the ching chang of the Choi Lee f wh ich is transl a ted into .lJalance~ummy. and 'is not a pile. nee in terms is caused by the ,diffe.renee in the. purposes of _.r ... stds. If the uirn of the aid is for offedng practices a.s 9J partner nent, lit is called .8J f.'dJ,.mmy·'. If the stakes (whether perNrIJ.'n1u stu;ck at the gJ'ound Of just placed on the ground) are used ,,'1IIM1;1l1 stepping~ Or jumping on them 'Woile practWj~ punches or -TVe as an aid ,foJ'tmining in body-I:ndance an" ill strengstance and they are in rth'is case cal[ed] {pUt'S'~; In short ~ one of distinguishing the dummy and the piles is that the dummy

singular in number, being a wooden stake with other fixtures o be arms and legs of the opponent, while the piles, are usually number, being two, three, five or as. many as a hundred of thout any fixtures on them,

the Wing Tsun MUK YAN C1/01VG literally means '":4. Stake , A D~mmJ!". In 0 ther words, it: takes; the place of an imagined r pp onent of the kung-fu driller,

._~O()lfm dummy of Wing Tsun is constructed according to standarcificatiens, so that tllJe thickness of the trunk, the arms and the 1 nths of [he arms the leg~ the trunk, the cross-bars and the IoftMt"l pillat5 are all pre-calculated to suit movements of the Wing y em. Such ,8, wooden dummy wiill help rectifYing the delivery' ts of the driller" in the same way J as a protractor will ,I\ectify "I~. If a driller can 'wake use of the wooden dummy to correct

w th r the wooden dummy appeared before the creation ofWm un -fu or Wing Tsun kung-fu was created before the appearance tlt on dummy is a problem difficult to solve and needs [a reh, However, judging from the hearsay within the Chinese kun

ir le, migh,( assume the, foUo'\!Vin~ possibilities.

It is 0 said that there was 11 HWo.oden Dummy AU:ey'~ in the Siu

on ery. If the wooden dummy alley did exist, it might have e 1 or \\IOoden dummies. of different structures for intensive t_' il ~ved that the earliest form of the wooden dummy might . pie erected wooden stake that takes the place of a train p n n t. Lates t the early founders of Wing Tsun kung-fu gra du II

mprnved th e dec-rice, un till it hears three arms and one leg as. it I

no d y, fS,D exercises with. the WOOd[M, dummy must have be n

pI 11"'91, being improved later on, and finally becomes a campi ·t

t m le of rnuvements known today as. the '··""aDden D

'0" rnents, h will be able ·0 Improve rapidly, It j , fol . TS of Wing[ TS1!ln (Wing Clu~n 0" 'Ving Tsun J'

anc or the wooden dummy, and cannot rectify th

n d gI 0 n is rnosemen ts and the 'reTha1ive positions of hims Jll r

ppon n t through the help nf the 'wooden dummy! thus 10 i ""Protractor Erfeef~ of it. day many kung-fu drillers make use of the wooden dunn 1 I arning DIOli! kung-fu movements, so that bee can bo l _ no. edl in martial arts. Some even go as f ar as. addin I p r

d- coking variatlons to a simple practical 'wooden dummy m _ s to cheat their students, They fail to realize the. fact that h portance ef Wing l'SUD lies in its f)jmplicity Q;nd p.ntCttcabUJt.I .:' 1

a - y on e effective movement that can 00 used in ar1JY occas] II

d fe hng an opponent is better than several attractfve but ine f Bei des, it is more. successful to master ten movements in on e aster a hundred movemen Is in the same length of time.

ORIGIN &: HISTORV OF THE WOODEIN [DUMMY OF WING rsu

id that durin the early years of [Grandmaster Yip MaJn~ . h n n Style began to develop in Futshan, the W'ooden Durnrn

nJ U onsisted of 140' rnovemen ts, divided ,into ten section 'Co

UfJ)Oi.t ,

dmaster 'Yip .·Ian came to Hong Kong to set up a gymnasium d tudenrs, (It ".-,u/St b,e pointed out here that lie/ore' thts n leu ns-/U ~s Q, secret kung-fiJ style; and t heJ'l GrandmCJste., s 'lJe first to promote it and to teach students opentv). t the movements of the Wooden Dummy echniques were

•• mereus andJ complicated, therefere he rearranged them mto ... m\f~nts. (The number 108 M partic:ultll'ty p.le[e.ri.ed by Chiriese ~"~C'4'U;Sf' it eorresponds to the member of rl special set oJ stars).. 1--11 ...... his expesience of years, he found. out that the 108 move-

n ot Include the most essential parts of the Woodell Dummy Therefore he finaUy regrouped the techniques into the

MOVEMENTS OF THE WOODENI D,UMMV TECHNIQUES

IN::!lent ] 1,6 movements of the Wooden Dummy Techniques are 0' eight sections; as explainedbelow:

Ten rnevernertts begiln'nJng from t~e ~e'ft Prefighti'ng Posture ~ m ai n Iy cons~l5ting of the. Pre fightlng Posture it the Neck-puJJing Hena, the' left and the right Tan~salJ and Lying Palm F and the Jaun-uu. I n this secti on stress is p lacedl 0'11 'footV'lO rk,

Ten movements bagi nn i ng from the right Prefighring Posture.

Three: Ten movements beg in ni ng from the Slap-blocks moveme. nt, Stress ~5 ~ alid 0 n 'the varlet ion o'f the Slap-blocks both at "the tn-Door and Outdoor Areas~ The Section also nffa rs "a lu ab I e pa 1m exerci ses for both a tracks and defense.

Nine movements beginning from the Sideward Palm~ The imp,onance 01 thls section lies in the variation o,f the Inqul:sltj'~e~rms and thek co-crdtnatlon with the Sid,e Thrusting Kick. Stress is placed on the epplleaticn of the sk ill of "Thrust fo rward wh ite the ha.nd is freed H, to I iU non a COli rrte r attack with th e ,arm 0 r the leg \IVh rie' be ing h a r-dmpresse.d by th e oppo ne n1 's lPowe rfu I attacks. T'Mnty-one movements beginning from the Double ran ·s;su. In t h i'S .s.ecti.on 'the tra i nee lea rns how to sneak ira to 1: he OP'Il'D n ent's defense I ina. and atta ek h j s week

11

points with an apt'v applied forc!; such Cifcllng-bJock and drilli ng to ln sklt ~ul getting to the naponent's side and attack h~m,

'Ion Si.: F iftee n movements beg inn ing from t~e F offers rna i n Iv tra in i ifl,g i n ttl e aJpp.1 ieat ion of I h

Cheung (Double Palms) tech n iq u e, ,.... ... on Seven: Fifteen movements beginnin.g in-om the 1ft Gaun-s8u,. S'1:tes! is laic on ;th~' c.hangling of h to the Gmppllng-hand and its sppllcatlon In co- r

wi th other pa 1m attacks. The lest pa rt of th i stresses d ri II u ng in the appl icat'io n of the 1m everne I~ t the Crossed Stam,p-Irickr. the 'most tactfc! k tech n lq I!J e in the 'W i ng T su n IK uen, and me \iI',ari [I

the steps, Section Eight: Twa ntv-s ix movements, begi nn ing from the lie L (l'Ll\eT BQng"'siilU, and end i n9 at the withdrawal m n~Ui.noY~ Most th e kl ek ing techn iquas a fie '~nc luded ~ n 1:h i J

randrnester Yip Man, had made the sheeting of this set of photo

y before he died, lWhen he had just cJ:.tclfJSed hi's dOD.'''' fro~

martial art career (to "close door" is Ch InISS kung-fUi term, whi,c'h In ...... shutti ng the door of the '9vmasi'um and nappi'no to adm it: d 'iscip I l. m an t to pass his: Wooden Dummy Techniques to someone 'Wh 0 n

ke p the complete set of it and pass .it to further generations, 00 U

,en lim ee he began admi tting stu den ts, th ere 'were arguments raJ'u u ton about the correct form of the W'ooden Dummv Techn [quo 'urse 'some One mightt have inten tional changed some of the W'ldl'l.Z'~_" ummy mo,veme.rnts, while others might have Jearnt only a few of Ih

o teasing their studies, and so had to (reate some movemen U up th e mis!iiflg part that he had n-ot learn t, Some others migh thy received difre - 'nt coaching fall the, front and. the latterpart from Grun m te Vip M:aE), during the period when the Wooden. Dummy Technlque

undC!!fJoing a "Course of Change'u,. Still others might have le mt few separate movements of Wing Tsun Kuen;:; but decided to t nal gynmasium to teach students, only as an "unquall ~ tor" I wiloJ in order to cheat tn'elI' students and other laym n

ound It necessary to "create" some 'Will,g Tsun W'ood-en Dummy mov n That 11 Wfl'Y G randmaster Yip Man had flnally decided to film I rl t 0 Wooden DWlmy Techniques, to show the comet m v

th ugh all the time. had no intention of ma.km~ these technique he public ..

t af photos of the Wooden Dummy Techniqnes are not yet • becau se there are still some missing mevemen ts, The. reason h t t the time of makiQg iOte f'tIlm7 both Grandmaster Yip

the one Wh 0 to ok dlese photos .had DO .mt~ntion of disclosing . to th.e pu blic~ but meant only to Ieave some llF(uJf to his @ffl 'We.re few am ong, IG.r:andmaster Y'ip Man.'s studen ts, who I of phBtl08 0'( the Wooden DumDlY Techniqaes, The very dId receive a set 'included the one Dr two most favourtte (Dud of CO!.l.J'Ie h'li Olvn sonsl)

ndmaster Yip Man bas been dead for years. Those 'who own of pbotos of the W'ood.en. Du.mm.)' Techniques. would be . nd du~refore the Wooden Dummy Techniques are no longu

• .,.,.... or those who have not learn t the complete 'Set of th e 'W 00 den T chniques, this incomplete set of photos. will make tbem feel fused. For this reason, we feel that ~t is our duty to make the Ie te, That is exactly the purpose of this book, whic:l[ 11;. a product peration of Master Yip Chun, One of tInY fellow-cfassmates, and

hope that readers, espe.daUy llios.e who are also followers of IU n SystemJ 'win find 'the Ileal au tlook of the W'in,g Tsun Wooden T1 chniques, That is also the primary aim. of this passage.

k 61CJ

NOVEMBE~ 1980.,

1.1

WI,NG TSUN DUM1MY TE'CH DEMONSTRATED BY G RAN DMASTE - VI

Bfare reading e'xptanatory notes on the illustrations o III DU"lmy Ttehntques that /olEow)l readers are adl'iSed to hal) look a{'the lm dfagrams snowing the parts of the dummy and d retarding the :u.._re of me dumm,Y - This "rVill enable r~e.,S 'Q' UI n or cletJl'ly what ts being explaJned in the descr,ipt.[o.rl8 lhtd frll"

Bi rd'HfYt View

~iWn t side of dummy

I ". . i

~ , ~eh sidE= cd WI mmv

, ~

I I

I I

i ,

\ Fr:cnt Q'f, dliJmnmv ~

! ~,

I I

~ I

, ,

~ ~

right :s~ d8 of 'fml rr:

dummy trunk

mid-level

(Jlfustratltln 1) -!ltR E. F IG HT INC POS~ TURE'·

'Gr,$~Iw.r Yip;:i piaces h [s I(lft hand:i<1'II hQlflt Qi til i, ris.ht nandi While 'fKlng the. 'Wo.o.d.m, dummy.

(lIJ" 6) "'H I G'H Ie LOW GAUN~SAlr'i 'l'~p fA!ithdraM; his ,1;tit leg. and rum!!; to til, IF~~I''!1' 'IM1 HI!i p.O$i!1~1 h II arm5i ~n' ti'te' IHl!J'b ,ii Low G8:uf!l-$!i!U ~ re;.

16

(III, 2) U'NECK·'PU l. L.J NG HAN 1)''' Yi POI, llith ni!:fitl ,p~~ lilI,plNi3i~ fti rw ~ twa. dummy !!Iim'ii5\p ihern jh;ft; llimil8ll to reft. lida of 1M num m '!Ii. M1:11'e his 'I n h iii holding t'M rifJl'it WmmV Inn, h .. In nd geu, tlo.f..d of the i"neck" af 1h dIIIl~." Then bottll Qf tl,i~ l'i1uiicb 'EUc:eri; 10nwrd pu'll.

ltll. 6) ·/KWUN~ALr i'

Ylp 'iilii'l"CleIl b-oth I!Jmli U PIiWI'dI ~o pili 'Kwun..gy 1r'Il'i~l;Im.

rI~t, n to pma til:e. 10 pren ,i!re: thi!! IFIQht d!Jmmy

(III: 4) A IGHT uTAN 41 AU" &; LEFT "LOWE II L YI_ GwPA LM r,

Y'lp' lm!1'tl h~~ II'l~t Iq ~nm 'me ,I!;!I~ bBhind l1n81 dummy letI~ NIUe posing the ~Ight TJ.n.. IIEI ' nd llift L..owi!r L,yin'll~Blrn to. nrike !lit ttle. right fide of tn!j, dummy trun k.

GoP', L ' I"

t.t 11'1 l!'ito the ~ C8 bell 100 • wwhi 11llI IIl(ir$ing] the I!B'U. Tan, ~r byili1l1J1) m ~o 1"1lrike m. ~!,unmV ''tj"Ui'I k,

(#/. 8) '·~HI GH It LOW GAUN...sAU',r

Yip w~h~, tJ ~ leM leg to rl1Sli.lm& itB origirlllil posit. Off , will l:Ie, pOling tillS: !ll!mlII in tI'I.a H IrQh ,& low [GI1II!.!~ gestor •

11

(III" 9) RI GH'l' ~'KAU~Atr j It LE fT "~OK-iAlJu

Vip tuMS hlis !5;tafl.ce 10 !I$ to fiIce the du mmy, .. ViIh.i Ie Ip.osi'ng h~s; ri;tIt ,arm i~ the k,au"'5~II:.I~ 8fld n~Si .ef~ arm ~n the Tok"tlu gilBtulre.

(III, 1fJ) LE,FT "'JUT·SAUi\~ ~"'E.A ECli''1PA LM'""

Yip OOI'i'llWbi h I~ rllJlt .erm ,ntfi I~

lEEroot<palml.,,Ejod g~ooj,::I\I' thru!i ill' r

wtiilu c:hBJi!~il'i!f:l i'i i5i ~ift arm to It.! t'O pi"la- tUiBvUy Of! th dUmmv mI, Ine' ~mmy. 'Irun Ii(. '(a ,rnk UI'1d11f hi

12

_"'I~h 10 th~'l\N8I'1tiElith m!i:lWmi!lnll. tlrlese form tfle.- Secmd ~;!!:k!'l of Hlrgo W~~n _mqua, wtMeh I!i~ ,the mO'MB'n(jf'jts 6IU:lC"t~d at ttU;! CIJPlJ:ilite :i~de. f'. Nl"f1 mo~n. ~ an,JnaI. phon)&' of Grandmaster yjf}~ tJemonnT~tit:m~ noW' thw ,f1,r(J,' $p~ Cillm.}

19

17

till. 2') RIGHT f,NDOOR·_,AREA

~?AK-SAU'~

Yilp iilili!lp$ his rjElht palm at: the right dLJIMfifiy. arm,

2.0

18

a« 22) LEfT INDOOM"ARE SAU"'"

Immlil'diateiv afU!!f "dlat Ylp sr.e:p· I. pelJ,rw at thi!l' liilfi; dill mmy ,I! nn.

I DOD A .. A R EA I."-PA K-

, "" I Indoar 'ra Pak..sai:l

iI'!I' ~, .r::,

(Ill 20} LEFT UtDVltE A LVI NGPALM'r i 8.: RIG HT ""JUT ..&AU ~

Y~\p ChLi n tf1 !'US:t1 !his 1 eft p 1m at the ch.lliMi'lV 'tlfiLllI'Iik 'from IUlrid9r h ill r~ht 8Ti"1\ whUili Iii~~ right lIiTm po.ses the JUrt-sau1 mO\r8meflt to dU'llIlt onto the' left OJ mm¥ arm,

(Ill 24) LEFT OUTDOOR-AREA ,II~AK-SAUj"

V~p &laps; hi1 left p3lm &t 'tnt} rigtl't dummy afTTI 'fram lite GU t~r ,6i1'e8.

21

(Ill 25.J LEFT .i'·TH'RO\A.T·CUTTING HANDi;

'V1p then (:Ol!flafens h~ left ami! into, 1l-h e' TtllroatCbI!ttl'flri Hi3r1d.

all. 29) RIGIHT ~IJl1T -BAU"J. a LEFT I~ LOWE R TH RUSTING PUN CH"

Vip withdl'iillW h Is right atm tlllld eonverh I't into tflllil' ,. jl,lt-iiill.!'F .. willie Ii!lLII m:h inrg a I~WIler~ level len :PLlil1Qh.

22

(III. 26) LEFT ~'JU1T .sAlIi1f & RIO ""LOWE R fHR,UST liNG; PlIN,CIH'i "'fijp wJ'lthdralffll h~ I!sft ann SlTid PC!!' 6l;IU" while itnms,tilllg hi:!: t;i'gl'it, fitit at; the ~ower-lw81 qf '~he dummY'.

(Ill. 30) [DOUBLE .I\'TOK~SAU"

Yip'$ bottl arms ~imuh_8_neoti!ly mall; u,p!W!!Iri!l PU$ni ,It the Im;lWEif !:Ian: o'~ VI dlJmrIlV 8nI1l15,_

VII hi. Irtgnl hilin~ to ~Irv 'ID8 'lki1Mi. ( III' Th~' O'flgitUtl tJhoro fn::;m 'Gtw.Jldirnmter Y lP~J:' ,e-of rtCIIlL¥ ~lllCer:i bill' ithef; ~f ~rw

RIGHT j~ LOWE R Bor,U:;~

.

to h 1.. left. and p~ tll"li3 right ...... 1,1 'Ill! RllJm 'tnD Ilowt t' dummy poling hi.: ~ofl arm Tn 'the W'u~!J

flJ/~ ,28). RIGHT "'THAOA:f-CUTTING HAND!""

Yi,p '5i rlglt~ haFid cti ~11I9'.!! to i!;ti'lle; !'111 FOf,Ilcurti 1191 ~'.Ind··.

(III. ,32) R,II G:Hl uM'AN~SAU'"

Vip I iUEH"t!i III i$ right re:EI i nte iilh>i3 !pa08 bail ind lhe dt.i mmv ~;eg; arid 1!1l!3 kes !;II r,l'-ft :liid~'WlI rd!5:lac;! at ~ rigtn d!ummv a.P1m, while- In is, r:l!ont ill!Tl1~ PQ$ingi tt!e Mai"l~iJ, ma~ !l c'hll:ilr;Jpfrm It~i'kB at tha r1ilJh~ s ide of 'thtl' du mmy trulnk~

(1#. 3J} RIIGHT

THRUS1'·-KI CKr.

Yip I"EiI isse, h ra ~iQM leg til), launch a $idil!.lll'ard Th,N:st·ld(;ti;;; at tfie dLimJ!TlY trunk, Ill.thi~e posing 'N1 e fignt 13ong-iii3I,11.

on. 31) HI GH Ii lO'W' GAUNoSA!U

Yip wit"ar-.aws Ih hi lett 1199. and. tu'rn~nl; to hiEs lefit. he p~ h~' :&ITI'I$ in ttl& i4!i'[lh • !Low GBI,! 1!!1-98l1 II) &an! ra,

,(111. 34) LEFT "'LOWER' BDNG.,sAU·' Yip's rig'lt leg riB'.$I..ImH o,r[ginal P'Q:lIUon than turtr;:s to fKs l'!he right WH:fI hrl II" ,BfTTlI POti;'P.1ig th e lower B!iJI1!Q4illJi aM hi .. r I • pllil~in,gl 'd1e Wlll~lJ.

llli. ,3S} R~GHTS j,t-KAIlJ-SAl1"'" IL F iTO K,.,s:AU" I

Vip liUlms ~o f~ tI1Je ~ml'lt. an d chail~. hl II'rgnt arrm w tn!t Kau-saul I;U1d hl'l I'aft rm t thiD' To~au.

T ''MAJ- .:SAU""

~II rlght .8ml to tl\iEi M"ah..siJJU. h .t tl'!oB! ~fI ft: 'SH:ilQ Qt· tha dy mrny

IGHT "EREC;T P,A.llW'

till. 36} IL,EFT ~~IDEWAAD TH RUST KrCI("

"V1,p raD5!!t! h r.s I~ li to launch B Sidewsr,d

ThfYit'"'klc~ at "lhe d'tJmmy mmk.

(11/; 40) lDOUBLE ··'1·AN"SAlI1

Irfll<'!lki 119 8i Yip pik:e!51 hili up·f·M::i r'ii8 FJilifm$ .ilI'I: tne outdoo r area .of 1lf-ka' two dummy .ere'a.

{l1J. 4'1'] ,~/HUEN..sAU"r

T~en ,,(lp. t.V bJ ming his: wr1!;1;l$ eirdiif.S his, [palma, [into the ~Ildliilor area of tihe i!:IUIiI"I!"fiY arm!i,

rill. 45.) DOUBLE uJU1i -SAU'"

ViI!:J men IO-'Wer1o tlls. arms. pl.acil'!9 them on 1jhe dummy ilLllf!I:5l" and <B:II:~r1~ ,i!1 1J\Ii~wef"fu I doWll'flVtlQl!'d J:M;I titl durt !;1IUses. the dUMmy" tru n k to sin k.

26

o« 42) DOUBILE uL-OWEIR L VINGPALNIS"

Vlp':Ej t.'WQ p!i!lm~ 19n~1i' in,tQ tille' loooo:r linea ~iU1J 1he dummv ,arms and! Ulf~ke 911: tina Im~d·1 QW'liiIl'·le1otel Of 'the uUlf'lik Qif the dummy,

(1'11. 4,(;) [AliGHT '~iKAU-SAUIf & LEFT ul-UGH (]AUN~,SAIIJ"~

Yip alilifu nijmse~f to the I!"igh't~ wMI<0 ,clrcllinQ. hi 1$' right 'Mist rntc! the indoor am of tne' diIJrnmv grrm~ ana strilking 01111' a mi!!lf't Hrgn Gaul'iloQu.

(III. 43) DOUBLE "TAN·SAIl'i'

Ylop po_ the [)oub4a Tau ~Li by l1I]dngi h~ palJrni to IPilg 'tnrw QIiI 'tlfill! indoor ' 11111 blilW'Be!1 the du f1!UITIV' :lfiif'lI..

1111. 47) lE,FT' .. tKAIU.SAU~1 ,. RIGHT "1iIG,H GAUN'~AUJ.i1

Yip 'luJ1'l$ to his, left, ;find repeats thill bmre rno~m by int&ret\angl t'iQ the; mOlfernent

III' hi;. ~-!'fIl>'5i.

{III. 44J DaUB lE uUPPER L VINCI .. PALM"i'

Yip u!illn hi palms hrOUl1"I tnl In~!I' 1Irt;g ~f1I dummv ,lIrrni t>o It.rikl!!l lit the 'rrortt: p.,ut of the YPPIU'>'Iev I of' ttH!I dUmnllY 1tni1I111t,

{HI. 48} RIG,HIT' nKAU-SAU'~ a LIEFT ~tHI(]H GAUN-SAU"'i

27

{It}. 49) RIGHT "'lER E CT ·PA LM'" & LE FT U JUT~'SAUu

[!TImed tate Iv Ilfter tl'i~. "\(;p ehange:l, his rlitlht arm t{l; !the Ei'sct-p31m Qnd h i!ii I lift iiiil me Jllit-say,.

au. 53) LEFT .~IKAU·SAU'" 8& R.IGHT uHI GH GAUN,·SAU"

Vip tu rl1:1> Inis stAr'lCe' to. 'faoe ~eft. wnilB' P,:Iosill!l91 his. ,~~ rESpectivel" II~ KSu-$au ;;!ili1dl Hi'gh GaLt~..Qu.

(J II. 50.) Fill GH't UlBON G-SAUFr

Yip U:I m$ t,o ITt r$ left and IPOM'.5 itl:1l1' rig!ln:

Boftg-saJ.

OJJ. 54) R IGNT !"KAU...sAU,j & LEF T I~HI'G H GAUN"SAU .. r

Yip ttl n:t' to the right, rtlPaatlj: ths ~1j!!9' mO'll·ement' whir a 'intelfC1ll8l1g 11'19 tl'e. mov a !i11e nt 'liar tt ii &'fi':I"j:!li.

(Ill. 51) RIGHT "']C:;NEE·S1'AJMPI'NG KtCKr" FROM THE SiDE

Vip shim ilitnt,e1~: 'to ttie rignt side' Ijjif ~h8' dummy. Aruj. IIlOsirlgl a left Lower lL.,v~ng· 4'IIm 111(1 a Ir~ht T'I!I1il"Yu, he thn.jI_~1l5l eut hti 'l'lght leg in cO sl8li1t-nJfaisilrt fol"\t'll3 I'd line b) ItIi"f'iP. at 1ih'!!j kneel' part 0' ttli!l QIlIIfNll'V t~,

(III. 56) LE FT '~KAU"A,lf' &. RIG HT I~ FG H GAUN1..:sAU"

Yl~' r~~ tflfi' Kau~ mOW_r'rIla'nt"

(.1I/~ 52) i:'HIGH Ii LOW GAUN-8AU~' Ylp. ~"'ilhdra!RI hi, 'f~n't 113;' and 11.ll"M to !hI! rigt;t. whole POi, rig the HIgh 81 Low Gali Il~

~.

un. fiS) FA,CADE IfUGHT "«AU .. SAtr.l 1& LEFT .I·lOWER LVING~ PAILMr.~

Yip turrn to faco dbS' 'hoot of ttl iii dIJ ",mV . HI!! 1)05e$ tt!.e 1'1g""t IK8LJ~U , rM1 Pie rni8<ing his h1!ft ,81m 'horn IIJlllldeif the rillrt dummy Uf1'f1I t.1O i!itr~ke M~l!1e' w mmy trunk.

29

(ill. 5') LEfT ·"BONG,o.SAlIt

YIp' tl[J1 I' ns to. 11i9 right :side'" .and pOSl91; hi~ left: ann aEi the Bong-Hi.il.

(III. e J) RIGHT '"fE R ECT wPA 1M" 81 RIGHT ~'JUT&A.tr'

"iR' fir,t ~O$es. h~1I ,riigi,t ann .eJ tna E~t·, pa'm ti1en strikes: U .at thi!!! tru 1'1 k of the ~mmv"

30

on. 58) !LEfT 'uKNEE .. STAMPING K~CK'" FROM 'THE SIDE

YiJp s_s h i'i rlQht foo~ BI PiBi:l9 forwslld to, ~~fit hi_elf to ti'I-Q ~6fl s.fda' Qf ttie ,aummv.. .,(1 ,applies ttle Ile'ft K.neHtarnpin,g Klelc;,

(UJ. 62) !"'"F'll',PING~AND'J. MOVE· MENT FROM THE RIGHT' "'FQo.IK~ SAl1'~

"{,ip f"j.m ~~ niSi r'ight arrn ISS ttle f06k~ '~ • tlila;J'!J fHps [hill rJgh:r, palm at thil right ®111my. i!!iIm.

(III. 59) ~H I GH &, [L.OW G'AIUNaSAU'· Ylp !tII,1 ttictaYi;I5l h ~!i I eft I~ t 0 r~ mil I ti!I original pe sit &DIi'I , thei'! tu rons 'to. face' Ihisleft" wh He IrlIlD~11'n9 hi! OIll'Tl5l as 'dlIiIi! lH~gh & l..Gw OaInooSllO.

(Ii'. 163~ r'F LIPiPING·HANIY' MO:V1E·, MEN" FROM THE A IG1Hl j'FOOK~' un

After tIi'Ilt. y~ fI ~ iii I:!l ril;Jht pal~1'ii'I at tilte lett cliImm'!;." arm.

(JII. Stl} RIG Iff ~'KAUsSAlJ' ~ Ii L.e fT uorOK:oSALrI

Yip fac:. tn. fr~ilIt of fhll' dummy. and PCIeS hit right arm M 'H'Ii!iI Kw ",ag" ,ei hi' IlS'ft arm • d~e 'To.k'.gg.

(III, 64) uFLtPPIIN(i'·HANDi'J' MOVEME NT F R,OM, THE RIGHT' "'~FOOKSAU'"

Yip fHI!):S hil lI'iglin' palm at the rfgl'rt; dummy. !III n ag.ii! 10.

31

(111, GSJ RIGHT ""KAU-SAU'" &. LEfT tJ LOWE R LVI NG -PALM""

v, lp tIJII"IU to h i$ rig~t., FlOIiBS hii~. rignt iii rm a~ the tto!J~. WI1I ile looln on Ino ,B left L.owar Lyl rli!l4l;lulm J1riiks ~t ·th& [rigtit 5.:1. of ti'ie dummy tru (IIi!; •

(Ill. fI9.) '''pQ-ap.AI~'' DOUB L,E·P'AlM mVEMEN'T FROM '1 HE SIDE

'¥~p inieru Iii i$ I:eft 'leg intQ the :lpi!llDB biah I'nd tne dummy. le:g and execu_ title Po.""811 DOI!Jbl~.palm move-merri with M~ left iP ii'i"1 above 119 ~s rlgl'rt.

32

{III. 56} '"'KWU N..sAU~'··

Yip. ap,p I V [n~ the K l(IIIJ n -$8 iJ Ii11I 0 'II'tlfli'I8 n 'It.

tm. 7()) uHtGH II LOW GAUN.sAU~!' Yip w.&t~dr~m 11l,lj h;rft Isg t@ mblf'rlieJ tne o(iginal 'P.~ti'!lR wti ile ll!ol~1iI1 hill SJTM 8$ tile Hig,h &i low Gi<!iY n~li,I-

"II. 61j FACADE .... 1PO~PA I,n roUBLE·

ALM MD,VEMENl

Vip ttl ms n~s iPrm:s 10 f'OIm 1tJe P~·PI,I, DI!M,I hill .. .... m mt1lv-.emefI't'. 11l! !i'i.i'I'i kln h i5 right hlill'ld ij;:

POIlnJl ,Ei.S lEI Er-~t-p9lm f wI1i I lEi h is. llef~' hand! I. poll ng ~ ,8 IReversei'alm.

(III. It) ACAD1E ~"PO·PA,I .. t DOUBLE· PALM MO'V1EMENT'S

Prom the High 8. low Gaun-sall.l. Yip ICQnwm; bill .r:iIl!l!!, lC! 1hl! P'o..Jtl!,!3'! '!l)oublifll;j::ilalm mov!llfll'ljlnt with nllil left' an abgw his right !m'fI.

(III. (11) LE FT NjJONG ~U'"

"Ylp w'rn. to. hili ri!ill11. Ildlt wl"lIil p(i ngi Ii g IlB'h -B'i"ftni I!U ill ,BOfiig-S!l!J.

(til, 72) R IGHT uBONa~AU'"

''Vip j:1IO~!i th!;!, Ir'illlllt Bong4FJu ~IUi!l' tUlmlOQ to, the Jeft.

33

un. J3j "jPD~P.AI~~ OOUBLE·P'ALM MeV EMENJl F'ROM THE SII DE

Y~p iFlRIIl'ts: h 1$ right log il1ltQ tfile space tlelil t~d the dUITiml" Ileg. and, liY.ilh h is left ~Edrn itiltJove h~s r.i911t pkam. tie 1;»:1I;!Clutel!l [tie Po-P.a~ Doubl ~81m movemef'lt.

(Ill In ~IHIGH &. LOW :G;AUN .. SAI1' Vi F<I tlirns: 10 his "'!1ft wt1 iht p~Ji n.tI 1f'Ie MigI':! Be low'Gaun-satJj.

34

(III. 14) ilHI G H ,Ii l'OW GAUN·SAUu Yip turns to h~!S fight wh lie IjlQ.Srngl tlie I1jgl'l' ,& Low GalJn~l.

(1.11, 18) ~"HIIGH & LOW GAUN·SAlI" Vfp' UJ. rn~ 'f['JCim h ii' ~tlft to nijs tis"t. P0S!t6 mill! Hign &, IL,CtIi¥ G!:IiUn~ in !hie Irwenfjl direct1M.

1111. 75; LEFT ""I(AU-8AlI'l' & RIGHT OOK~S:Au .. r

fill. 79} RIGHT' .. iBONG-sAtT"

YIp 'bi! rill, to ti iii left wtlile ch8ngl rig Ii ill' right: trtlllll ~h;jl Lo11'II Goun~ to the Bo.~-.£!f'l8U.

(l1I~ 16j lFET ".f LOWE R' l YING~ PA fI" I; fliGHT uJUT...sAlY~

~1l'1' I ft IP 1m r~ fflDIT! "I ~w '~he rigtit ,l!i.irrn.mv ,1Ii111'11 to 18g I'lCfI • ~!lk Lower LVfniJ' [palm, :strEk at tbe d.I,unmv to nk,

(In: 8DJ RIGHT 1JG RAPPLING·~HAND"jl & LEFT iTHRQAT~UTTIING HANEl";; Yip RJ ddEln~., CMli!ltI:(Iei hts rl'gllit tUITl in" BQng~ ~ to ~ Grsw~i[l!g-hand to ge1 hold of the f191'1it !llJ,rnIll"lY arm, uun,lng to hill r~9ht: ~"EI' iWPI¥ Inlll EllI"igl'n ·TI1~t-.cytt~fI!EI H'and~ t,Q ~ op wmmy tnJI'JJi;~

__ .35

(111., B f J ILE,fT' "·PAK.sAlt" 81. Pi IGHT nSPADE~H.AN IY'

Yi~ 'fiaturns to li'h;e froM of ttJ(j; d!.nmny and pOS8!i n~$. I aft: arm as 'ltiiB Pak.-soo :and I'i i:5; r.gtlt .arm as 1;11 Sl!Jad.e-f1atf1d.

nil. 85) PIli GIHT ~~BONG·SAU~'

Yip tnerJ; turn! to f,'ac:a me Ie'N and pose!;!, I"! I's rlgnt 's rm ,as '8 BCin!iii·t31L

36

un: ,8:2) lE itT "~BONG..sAU"1

Yip tlJi'fi~ t,CI t.J t$ riiJh~ wt!i~e po!il1lg! 1l'he 18k iong-sau,

(1#. 86) lE.FT I·CII:OaEIll ,ST'AMp.. KI:CKu

Yip, ':I;' dgl1t f!OOl 'ita k'e~; one ~~ fOll'lA!'ard 'till fonn tl"l~ Clf'O':5;s.JlE!Ql l!!l~" The'!"lI Ihe nlli:ms h~::J; ~1l!f.1I: I'e.g to thnlSi't a l1,gn:!OI'daI <k.i!!;:ik ,!'It 1i~e right ,~ide Cif tt'l6 tNn k OIf tni;t dui'fi'Uti!~,

011. fi3) LEFT ,>lG RA.PP U NG-HAND'" • IR i G 1fT ~7HROA' ~CllTIING HANOi'''

V"P (;h;Bn:g~$ ihn!:, Ileft E!iong~ to IE! G f~p'1 i'r'i8F' hM~1 'itO ,~@it hoLld af thl1' leU dumlll"f iiiiim,r 11K! pO:&a$ tine righ1: Thlroat-cutiting HE! rKi 00 _lOp IiU mE! dummy tfijfi AI: mille 'Ni'l'I,IIilJil.

(III. eli [LIE F'J ~"BONG~SAU""'

V~'I' len toot ftt;p! oown to fCl'1iTIII Ina· Cr05:fIiIg Sl8rtC8. T1'Ien '1'1 ~ w~ght fOOl resumlH ~1)5, orIglnal p.oti~h}n. Af-t.e.r' u,at 'Y'lip NifJ1lS to 1!;ne rl;l;t I~i!l' wh~le PQli"EI the 'Ie~ BClfI.g~!i!Y.

{III. B4J RIG HT ~~PA_K4AU'" & LEFT j'jSPADE· HANDi'~

'¥~~ J1I'tliI rr.!5: 'Ii:CI tti I!I fm'l'IIt of' ~e a!Jrfwn.'y, WI11 ~liO 1I1:IP1y;,ing i!l I~ft. Spll~arnd., iIiIe :&1_ tl'l:!l; ji'i;JrI: Pol;! k~ i~'tt thle ~.ft dUiI'I'uJl!¥ :am.; •

Oll~ 88~ Fit IG HT jJCRQSSED n AMP· KIC:K"~

'Vip'li lett {lO(U 18~S 6r:ie step 'f~rdl WI fi;l'fITl 1iJh 1;1' Cross-JI~ SitarKie. when r<!il!ij~ hi~, r:j'9Ilt I~Q 1'0 I~ ncRii 81 kiCl.K.

37

Oil. 89) ""'HIGlH &. LOW GAUN ..&AU'" Bil!!'i!fl of Vl'pJs fee.t rtB!iu me' 'thel r olf'i:gI'n~1 pQ$lti'QIl.~. ThEin he tu ri'ioEi te hl~ laft \ihitI Us !posing tile H i'gllil It. low ,Goo rl""S_t!tI.

a« 93) LEfT J'lOWER eONG-sAlUu Vip. 1JJm" t.o face his rjjght'" and IPQge$ tills left Lowar BQf1i9"'~-

38

on SO} R I,GHT ~"KA U~SAU·\· & LE PT "'TO K,=SA lI""

YijP 'fail~ the; frOillt of tn~ dummy and poses tnsl I'"igl"it l(au-sau am:! 19tt Tok-Slllill.

uu. 94) IFUSHl1i ulOWE,R BONG~~ SAUu

Yip t:l!.!1"1Il9 .ifcl to n'i~; heft: .andl p.o~,,- rna rlgnt Lower B.cn~!.

fill. 91 J R.il G1Hll '" ~E R E1CT -'P.ALM .... ·

• lEF'r ~J.JUT-·SAI.l·!'

ytp thrus,ts oot Ihi~ riglrt! EfBCtll!Jim Wh~lf!I pOtl ~ hi~ lililft .all'11r'l; -Eis the Jlu t'ofiali.

(111. 95) RIG HT nSPAD E ·HAN Dn ,81.

EFT '-'FACAIl'E TH R.uST ·KI CK JI

y~ II'1II:tei !i!! ~~ill"rt Sp~e-handi 'from be-Icw through, Ina ~J\dl:J.Qji' ,a~ of the left IiJmmy ...". WVh'II", laumn]ng 131 left TlilrLrst-rkic k: !iIt 1tI,e ,",r:.~ Pillrt of 'Ihe dummy tn.mk.

fill. 9Z) R~ G HT Llil.tDWE R BON G~ SAUn

'VI p! ~ rnll. to 1M. L.ft,. .and pD'ti!i1 'tl'ilij right llkln~~.

un. 96J FAC'ADE uKNE E41'AMPING kiCK'!'

Jl'Ilufi-ecliate.IV ,after that. Yip Jt8mp.:1 In iii left 'fOllit at 'tiIle. dLmlmy leg while posing I'i]~ arrru rll!l!p!;I'G:tiliirely as thill' Bon~1!,J sftj:d WU"'3U!

39

(ill, 91)' oil FOO,T,=ST'AMP!N cr r Ie U: Fr" iilOWE R BONG -sAl/"

'Vipl gl id's5: his: :r;~Iii1i: foot i!ilo",9 thB IEJligth. il!I,f dl!6. dummy 1.:11" II mmedfatelv ilI,fmf thlat h~ pOses the left lO'Wiilr eCl;n9~au,

(III. t o 7} R I'G Hl uFACADE I(N,E E5 STAMP'~NG' KICK'"

The., Yip :rtamp:5l at ~tJ" !knee' p:ut of the dummy I eg ~ wh iI~ pos:ing h iii EI'r1"R5l ,resPS!::;ti'!.!'I;IIV 86 the e OI'lg.saLli amid me WtI,-:saili.

40.

(/11. 98) RIG HiT ""LOWE R BONG·, SAUr'"

TbQIfii Yip turnS! te lhiiSi h!;!:ft: 8f'ifll POjli!$ the riSht Lower eo~-saiJ,

(III. t02} ~'FOOT ..sTAMPING#1 If

RIGHT f~GUM..$AU'"

Ylp 9~ Id~i5, hI' rigM fo~,'l' along the ienut'" o,f the dummy leg, and p,rna: I'i Is rlIgtl,t >!i!rwt doll\lli'WaTdB"B~ a Gtnn~.

(Ill. 99), LE FT N LOWE R BONG -sALr" VI" lQi!Iin turns tQ ITi I$. ri9ht. :and pow:s :the I~ I.owet Bnn~.

1111. f OJ} LE 1FT -s I D EWARD S 1Jt:P'ALM~' ,. nIGHT "LOWER LYING~

ALMn

Vip ins:erUi h i.~ r~gh'~ leg ~n 'Iln a q:t.a(:e belli ina tn. i:lumm¥ leg~ ~OO dsps. iii il ~I!ft lP;!Imn .at \ne ,";h1 mummy. ,an!lll. whil'a- Iw nclr1 in!;!1 a rignt Lowet'" Lvil1l!ItPBim ~'Mk8 lid the mid..! GWi!rlewllil of the dummy tru nil<.

(lit tOO) LE" ~;SPADE·HAND" &. RIGHT 1JFACADE THRU·ST~KICK!'~ Aft~r 'that Yip P05e.J '!the liBJt Sp:a~n.llfld nd ta.mci1 Ii rlgln Facade Thnu:t-klck.

(III. r04j LEPi r~GUM·SAU'"

Yipj:l righ t tom: retu rns to its o.r~i 1181 J'-CUitlOIl, 'Yhl~8 hili: lent. arm pirn dQWJ1 at tl'l It dtJ !l'fIi'i'iy a~_

41

OJI. 105) RIGHT ~~IIO'EWA.ROSLAP~ PALMi & LEi!l' "LOWER L YIN'G-

PALM'~ . betI" d 'Vtp In:s:erts I't i, left le~ i M!to the- spSe'e .'. m~.

ttNJ oomm'lj ~eg.; iii is rTght erm poses t.11 e Sidaward Stap'1)IIIm ~hj~& t; Us. I &ft pOlJB!S dle .Lower Lyin!lJ"P.8lm.

fill. 1(}9) RrGHT .i~PAK~AUr .. · ie. LEFT ~'OfF.aODV LOWER THRlIST·KI'CK'~ Vip's rigM 'fioot takes: on~ 5leP forwa.rd. :tUlf'M to face tn-9 ,left tide of tne dummy. tn.U'I'k., app.1 k;j~ Ii! rl'gM P8k~1 wti,i Ie POOIl1.e!'lIn{jj .8' ieft ti_'QWII!r Thru:rt~kick at tt1e dLJmmy trunk.

(III. 1(6) RfGHT NGU.M-8'AU""

Yip'i!; toft f,oot ~Lilil1eu its origi~aI po~tlo!l. Then ViP UJ 1\'111&1 to. til is Ie.ft Whil'iI!i pinniii!g h j's_ r.lgh~ Piil'm Oi'litO me dummy 8Ji11il.

(III; 1'TO) RIG!HT j~ONG~,tJ·"

Yi,p"!: "eft m~ Ii'l1!lIlImu itt IGrlgif'iBI [ptlsltF,on" 'mmedtataly a1Dr !that Yip, ~os.M. th-a right Doftl"BU"

(1/(. 'fJ7j LE.FT ··"PAK-sAtr' 6: RJGHT -OFF~BODY LOWER 'THRUST·kICK·1j V\!J1U rOI ita hicll' the rJgh!t ,side m ltie d'ummv. Hh IlI'ft Jiia'lm :slap; ill the ,.ght dmffllfiV ann "'1'1. tils lfiig'h"t leg IB.II iil~he!i e Truuftoklit:.k !rt .. !i.lmmy lig.

1111. 11' 1) '*til fiI,APPIl..ING= HANU#~ &

IG In uSNE E p..,1(,IIC K' f WH I tLE

TURNING

Yip ehan.gas hj~ rftht B!Olg~1U to me ~If8PP.1' .-..- .. ,,.,,.... 8nd tums to 1.!Xh Hi right 5~~ wh~le n~s left arm II)Q'.5ieS ttl. GI~J)I i n:9~ to. set no~r;jJ of ttI.a ~e wmmv ann,

(IIi. 1'rJIJ). LEFT ~l1UM-sAt1'

Vlp'$ tight foot J'teRIm~ it$ ofl'jQ,fnl!ll pesitio, Ha WflU, to ftls tlgnt 10 POle the Iflf~ GiJm-~L

(iiI. 1.12) IUiFT i;rBONG",SAU~

Yip~15: ri,ght Iq rlWfiJ "'illS: to i,ts original P IZIlit'IQI while tJ i5i left arm Is IPMi'n;Q the Bong..yu.

(3

fill. 11J} .... GRAPPLl'NG:~H'AND;f.. &: lE FT ""SWE E P ~ t( U::K"r WH IlL,E TUR'NING

Yip f,pises his ~J;tft meg t1J IDIJ ncil ,1;1 Sweep-kick at the dummy. leg. ...m iilll bmh !)f h i& 8I1"!'1S,. pos]ng as; Grap.pllfl!1.fl~lrIdSl. Elm 19e'ttfnrg IiIg,ld ot 'tna- I4;!Tt dummy 8I1'if1').

(/11. 1 tl) [FINAL WllTHllllAWAL

MOVEMENT

Yip's 0011'1 pldi'Tl5 5,imu h~l1eou~r.y make a Doohle 'foik~ mOv.&mailt {IS the Final Wlltl'ldraV!la I.

44

on f t4J ~HICli &. lOW GA,UN-SAU'" Yjp ,""" Ithd,al,tl,lS 1'15 f!'~gnt lleg t(]l its, IjJ ril!lin~1 p,o's.'ltiit1 Q$, I el,nd 'ttIj\!I ~ h~s I~ft whii'fl' posi rti9 the lH'i~h & LQW GJitlitati IlmovemBfit.

(III, 115) RIG HT "'KAU-sAU" It iLIE FT "TOK-5Aurr

YIp f&cas {ni;!' 'fr'iJfit '(lIf th>a ,dummv .. and ij:)O$"! .... lI'igl1t" K<IILJ"$IiU snd! !eft T'okoCtN.

(III. 716) R I GHiT .Ii E FlECT -PA LMr;; Ii L E'T ~~ J Ul ~SAur.

Vi~· tlllon IIllCr.JIrltFU· h i~ i!!Irm~ respelctlv~ IV tl!il lhe rl,gh't E i1iICt-pal iii .l!ind liIlIft J !.!!t'$IIU,

APPllCA TtONS 6 EXPlANA liONS

WING TSUN WOOOEN DUMM Y

TECHNIQtJES

I I

I I I

I 46

DI.AGRAM IOf THE TEAMS OF PDSiTI'DNS IN. CHINESE KUNIG FU

• This diagram shows. the terms of ,PD!litio1is in Chinese kU"R l'u fnrd t lte'pf'U.1 10 readers he/ore reading the Ulu~tratio"8 of the' appticati 11 af the techniques:

r

median line

~

I ~N()OOR ,AREA I OUTOOOR AREA

r----- -'---'""1

I I

1 ~

~ 1

, t

I ~

I 1

II

UlPf'EFI.·lEVEL

L - hcrlmnlfll mkl-llM!
r
I
~ 1
I I
~ ~
Mlll),lLe\i'IE. L ~ ,
I 1
,I I ~
L I 1
~ l
II r"- ~'1
I I
~ I
1 1
t I
~ 1
l.JO'WlER·llI~,VE L I I,
I ,
1 I
1 I
L , I
L ~n t.h;n~ tBr'nIIll1QIClQY '{tie ~_IJ ~frfl5i Qf d'ltl· bodJ" wre equiv;aiern. 1l:tl·1:'lro 1~Ei;5.·CI'r d,QC,T, Who_" both I'lIl5 r.

Gilt ·sfte'tehed.,. ttM:!: @!"eCi embraced 'b.,. both IIII'11iiS OF batMi'6l'1 the i Itner pl;!lrt I)'f bOl!h !CInl\tl b r.a~led the 1 nciGGf .I'm! I wtlilll 1ti e <II ~III biflWnd the euter part of bi)'fh ;8!"f'IT!$ i!; r:;eil.ed the oU1:door ared.

• ~ inidit,rg~ ctt~· i1«Ii" 1M!!! ~ .NLiiI· wf!_i;;:iJ I!I:P8ii'l!i'!IiI!Il'Il':L

(7

A (lefr) putting hims.elf mn the W~n9 Tsun IPrefig'Ullng POtStUifE' in front .of B lrightJ_ B ~8!lHlclr1es a ;stra~ghtlrl'ille pundh at A, whh his fist cam,ing O1J~r A"~ 1'"1!Jh1t arm, .A stretches his right arm W make corrtact with 6,• while makin·g a sl~glit turn to levad~ Br:s puncf-!_ and IPhtcilirg hls left hand at the b,acl< of Br~ neek_ A the,n makes a pU111 with both hls hands at BZs neck., causinn 18 to lose h:is balanef!. Wh.i!e B ~:) fallling forward,A launches a th[1LU:tiilllg punch at B's, face.

48

2.

PREf .GtlTING POSlUIRE - - ECK·lPU LllN G HAND

Rae Pn;ligllting r'ostlue or Wing Tsun t~ formed by placing Que hand ~]l L~tn df rile ether, with both at rI.iid-ieJh!J ·f'Je]ght. The front hand, which aJlJlS 31 deicL;1 ins II It pOllemt!". motive. j:) caned tho Illqllisid\'e..amu., while the hind (I]1,e, 'whidl aims 31 lltfc! inK p.rotedion LO the bodly ~ Js called the Proteef ... e-arm. !But in .~caHty ~ beth hatnds n be a:ppHed for launchlng attacks .if situation needs so.

Th.e·. e~b})uJlUIg H80d is applied by :sm.Tetehing thE arm forward until it reaches OJr back of the opponent. Then it. makes a. sudden pun at the back of the opponent's k so as; to make him ·~o~s balance an d fall forward.

3

7

4

49

50

BON'G·SA[U~ TAN"lSALI 11

LOWE R LYING-PAILM

TIU} Bo:ng"$3~ i.s used to n'Ul~ Hy powerful straightlme at t acks from the opponent, Havfing. l::IJken its defensive effect, the Bong-sal!!. can then be coverted into oLh.e·r move-· ments for launch ing counter-attacks, from this it is clear that the BOrIJg"'!SalJ.l. Is an .impnr-· tant rnnve men t in. the techniques of the wooden dummy, ~.S expla lne d below _

Th'e To -s.ailll1. whi:ern ls formed by ,f] at lCfilliJg the palm to fa Qe: iD,pwaId~ ,and k~epin~ the ~Jbnw Jaw Whtlil' u*>ing the fe rearm to make contact wah the opponent, Is a rnevement that fellows lhle Bong-san. n becomes an ,~u ~Ck~ movement i:f i.1: CQ -o:rdtrUl'tes with the Lower ,Lying~]lalm movemem.

A (left) pos~ng 1Dhe W.T_ IPtefightingJ Po:stlJre while 'facing 8 lright)_ ,As B lauf'lches a poweFhi~ s:tta. i ghd ~ne- punch at At A d, al9lg~s: his II1H~jlJi:~n 'tti'IJe-arrn ~ntll' the BOFlg·s.~UlIthus null'i fv irilg B 's attae k, When B"~ punch reaches tts vu rthest p-oilnt~ A rna k.e;.s, a n CCIU n tar -attaek before B w lth draws h is pl!Jnch ing !}rm, by' chan gi n 9 his ti3.ongHsaul ~ I1W !he Ten-san and Lower L.ying Palm to fitrik€ at !Bj,s. 'filan'k'_

51

KW'UN~AU - T.AN-SA,U & l (]W'ER LYIINIG-PIALM

The K.wUm"l~ll in eo-ordination successivel), whb. the 'fan.gaU and Lhe L41w~r Ly"n ~ palm wil:J form a series (!If aU:ad.ing movements which wiH ve-p;y often [Ilk Hue lPpOIl 111 rur~~dse _ hlJ appllcation, the Wing Tsun practitkmer, hi,vmg dissolved tit - ~IPfi Il1tlll' ttaek, suddenly retreats from the opponent's reach, and before the oppml~UI kno~'!'l ha1 changes hav taken place, the pracnnoner advances again to launch iii su (l 'S" I Hu;:k at his opponent's unguarded part ~

A slngle srrajghtllne punch can bs dtssolved with. the Bong-san. However .• to. djsso.lve t: vy double straighUine punches aunlng TBspee1i've1y at the ~1Jper-leJFel and the ~o1N€;rw I~el., one ha~ to apply the IK:Wl!l1m-'S8~_

(left) posi n g the W. T _ Pre righrti ng! POSl!Jr.!i? w~ i I a facl ng EI (.rif}h fl .. B ~ nit! ate's th go ttO-IJ ble puridles at A. A turns wthi~c applv~ng !the KWLJn~au mevament to e~ade the QPpon€lnt~s ttackJ hllme'l:liJately after 'that! A intrudes Irrto the uheuarded Drea of 8's aeft side, and ftunche!) the Tan-ssu '& ILo~r ily~.n:!)-palrrn fttcack at his 0PJ,lofhe:nt· •



53

• The High &, L.ow. Gaun-sau Is the best tact ical movement to deal with the opponent's round house klck ,

* \\-'hen the practitioner is. being attacked by the opponent's two punches one. from. the fro I'll. and the other [rom the back, he can turn to his side and dissolve U\~ opponent's attacks by a pplying the Kau..-s:JJ1J and the' Tok--sau movements at the same' time. Irrrmediately afte.r thsr, he' can app1y Ute K~u,~!~U to intrude from the 0 pp onen t 's 00 tdoor area uuo his tndoo» area, and, [0 launch an ~'ltaok at him while changing it. 'to UH~' IE-reet-palm. 'lesjdJes. he eU1 ::Ill so ch alJJse his Tok;sau t~J the. Jut-&'lU1 so as to control the movement of the opponent 's arm and stop n im from defending himself',

,",

HIGHI" lOW GAIJN~AU - KAU·SAU A TOK·SAU - JUT~SAU EREC- ·PAlM

A (leff) pi@sing the w';r. PrefJgh1ing Posture while f~clng B (right). B suddenly launches the riight roundhouse kick at A. A 1a:kes the Sideliri!J Stante and appHes; me High &. low Gaun-seu to deal w~tlnl 8i'~ attack. Havin.g ftifle-d in hi& flrn attack, 8 withdraws hr~ right le'g and launches ~ second attack with .a ~Erft ~tnightline' eunch at A. A turns and applies me r'i~ht KaUJ~~~ to dj~ol'ile 815 left itraightl'fne punch, while his left arm a~lPlies the Tok-sau mov,em'eot to eontrol Sis. rIght ,arm to stop hfm from launch~ng further attacks. After that, A-s righ1l; KalJ~u ~ntrud8S 'from 8's outdoor eJrBiI into his im:ioOf' sre«, and change. to the En~ct-p~'lm te laufloh an

nac.k ,at B. and at 1t1e1 same time A's left arm applllEl'S the Jut-Sal:.! to. preJi'S down 81's; rlgfrt arm, cilUising B to tumb.le 'forw.ard and lose his power D'f def~n$e.

5S

,

2

.

9

11'0

3

4

b

* Ute IDdoor-area Pak,-68.U is. a movement applied to cimoive the opponent's straightline' punch which comes in from beiow the pr.actiUonCT'!fg Ib:rid~e.-anns.. AS! the opponent's punch eemes in ~ the pmctiUoner ,CIIfi appD~,.. his left and right alternate Pak-sau to di:isolve' ,it ~ andJ Immediatel y after that ~ he, should laJUifb.dl ~ counter-attack with hj~ W "T ~ Strai;ghtline l1h:msUIU' PuDcl1!

c

lIeft} posing the W. T • PrQfij'ghting Po5tUIi'~ while' f,acing B (rigfl t). B. sudde 1"1-

~auli1t::1h es a ril ght :strai~htl'l n e pum;h It A. A derfilects 8', punch in,5I Irm wilth his ri~t Pak:"S.'9u,. Having 'fIiIUled with his rl~Elht. punch_, B again ~ttacks with his left uraTghtil lne punch, wh i'dit is tt'Hm agtIin c:!Iefllected by A~s left Pak-sau" Afte:1i 1TI.a't: A affri:rs· a eountsr-attask by p'8SSii ng do!M'1i 8/'5, ann with h~s left Pak-sau and liiill.Ufl:ching B Strai,~tl ine Thrusti rI1g Punch at' Eli's face with h~s right arm,

d

e

f

59

60

DU1DtU:U'~AFliA IP,AK-SAU - THRDAT~'CUTIINiG HAND -JUT-SAU Ii LDWER THRUSTI G IPIlJNCH

• The UUfdoorrart3 ,l'akfiU i.~ a sJa:pp,ing mQVf:rne;nt a pplfed (rom the Qpponnt S OlJtdoor akJ1 for dmssolri.Ilg his s.balghtline. punch, HaVitUg applied the Outdeor-aree -sau" the practitioner can then chnni6 it to the TIuoaf'-cyttiMi!I' H81Id to aim at \h opponent's throat as a coun.ter;-a:ttal:ck l which is 'Wl ry often a fatal one,

• Tn@ Jnt~u Md the Lower Thrutstlng Pundh M~ 'two, movements a:pplied, at th . movement while the opponent's arm! are below the pI8ctJtiooetlos arms, in sach ,11 way that the p[~dUio[Jje-1' firstty uses OJ]@l ann, to launch the Jut.:sau to pI~S down the opponent's &mJSm. and the ather arm to launch a :heavy ThruMmg Punch goin,g forward-downwards over the oppenenr's arm to aim at hislower abdomen.

A (h:ft) PQs,fng the W~T. Plf"'efighting i~ture Whi~e. facing B (rfght). 8 Isunene:s. a right straiightline punch at A. A applias. the r'iSht: Pek-seu to sJ13!P from thel o,pponenrl outdoor eres at hi;$! punching arm to ~top ithe purtch. Immediatelv a1ter that. A"l!;

h a f'l'filI clilans!s tothe Th rcst-euttl ng Ha n d, launohi n g at B ~s throat. ..

HaJalrng effec·tyated the throot,-elJrtiJng :;rttacicr A ctlm:inues; witl1 his atta'Ck bV press fig' down ars right arm wi'th I':!I:is feft arm -while launching the right Thrustlng PUriM II his :1 OYJe II' ,abdom an.

A {ti1ftJ' posi Iftg t.ne W.T. Pn;:fighti no Posture 'whi!e fating B. B suddenly_ ~auncheSi ill ri,"nrt nrai'ghtJine' punch at A~s abdomen,. ,A at 'once turns and appltres, his; le'Tt lowel"' Bol"Itg-saUi to evade IB~s; punch.

Afmr til at, B again lau nche~ a left strat"ghtlUne pund1 at Ails upper-level, A ~It OncEl' applies :e, f~f1't Sideward Slap-pa~m to ,tJefl~t S's punch" while tlJrli1fing his left arm u,p to a pp~y ,g Ma,rli-tiIU attack at the ~eh arm~pl t of B, whic.h is a part of vvea1kness.

OWER BONG:~AU - SlllEWARD SLAP-PALM 8& MAN .. SAU

The Lower 'Bong'fiallJ !Is a movement applied to Idi!SO,[ve tM ,owon,ent's. wn.J"el :stmigh.t!ine PlJThoo. IF or a tter result, the Bong-san is etfeeted in co--ordinatioill witb turning of the body so as to maximize Its "nQslve effe,(]/":

III The. MBi1l~au :b. a movement derirn:d from the Lowel' Bong1S8.u, When the attacking arm of fu uppenent is, weakening .in, farce or ~ abeu to retrmt ~ the pmctUioner~ arm, which is 'buding down in lhe form of a Bong .. • u, now turns up to form the Man-san, ,th~ confonning to the 'Wing Ts.un motto ~~la'y ''With wJw.1 coms», follow :through ,as It ntreats" and thnut fat-

••• ~w.-l " .1.. ~ _.j,' Ii' .~...II ,'I

n'UJ YJ. as .our ,'mr.i~ U' .J re~~ .

63

SID EWARDI THFtI UST-KICK

$: The S,idew.ard Thrust.kk'k Clf W.l (.3Cl sometimes he app]jeUi s~n~,!r', but in co-onlnunion 'l"vitll the step .. One L.~f the ehara de rlstlcs of iii. kick of W. T _ is, iu.. cu -ord rnr .. ] Oil WI! II movements of Hile arms when: iG is being launched. b)r [111 reason, the Suuewa.rd Thrust-kick is usually &ppHe,rJ In (;0- crdtnatlon win, WE! Bong-sau and the \VU-WIU as J c1et'C'n~w(' movement.

3

A (je f# pes I ng th e W. T _ PFef~ gt'I t i 1il9 PO!itu Ife w~ i I e '[B£ i fI'9 B., 8 I al;Jnchc~ a r i gh roundhouse [punch aiming at At-s; h~ad. Seein@ thet B's punch is powerful. A stepSi sideways. to th€: ~eft tOo e.vade the cominq punch. whlle aJpplying the !3Qng-sau re defeat th e pu n eh ing ,a rm .

H1fV i og n l~11 i fi ed B 's ro u nd h ou se pu nch, A i rnrnediate I y leu riches: .a Si dp.wa r(l Th Fl!J5 t'·k lek at SiS; ·f I an k as a cou nte r-attack.

64

14

UBLE 'AN.:SAILI YING~PAliM

D D'UB'lE LOWE,iR

l he DOl]bie T ~:U]j~au. wh i en is phu.:ed i::i:~ t he o pponent's ldoor {J'H:i1" is a rnOV~m0~ll less freq uendy .[j P plied. U is, -"CLo;","""T., necessarily :appimed .!_H file moment when the r[:J"PP0 nI . at tacks us wuh the 0,01..:1 hie st raigh tlinc pun ch cs within r Jmim)J' area.

'Il u;: Hueu-sae ts a f~'l evern If! Iii f ~ P,P lied by t Ll ~ 11 ing t h if arm qmckly from the opponent's oun;iout (in}!,'}. to h~~ indoor ate«. Th e lFe,-},ul;-,i ~'i om n g (.) I' 0 u r bridge -arrn ~ lin 1.1. is way In akes i L, flHHI2' iHJ v'HI.1!lig~o u s i~ H 1I 50 so i"a rc 0 U IF (J pponeu l a l the b eginmJ]~ ul d~t: light ui cit.rH'!g the' n~hl

pooing thp W"T_ P'retig~trii1g P',mtu rs illi frrOrl!1 of IS Iright:), Wheilli B attacks A with double- punches, A lrrtrnemateIy blocks B'$ attack with dOH;! D(JLJb.~e Tan-sau et the outdoor ilre~ of B's. ar rns. I !lis. tan t I V ; A maik€So J ci r Ii [1'91 [1I1(1'!,1'(!rn p.n'[ wi m h is, hands '~1lJ FIll 1 n.SI 1 n to E 's mdoo« sress. AftlJr th a t A (;OU i"Il't€'r-a ttacks S"s fa wet"-le vel wi vh Doubl e- iL ower l II 11n~ -Pa1 rn,

65

b

• The Doub.le Tan-sau, or ginally place d at me· opponent's m~ tdoor ana. can be cluinged to the Jut-saU! to press down the opponent "s. arms, th LIS, causing h i.m to fume;le forward.

iii Ha v.in.@; effectuated the J I:It·~L!IJ mo vement,we can furt her appl 'Y th Q Double Upper Lying",." movemen t (.0 attack 'tb.e opponent's tace. (lVOI..e: Th« Tatl-SI1u Is a fashion lUemlly, in Ounese, meaning ''P:alm facintl ua"; the J'UNlllll is an action literally meaning ")t\ wdden down ward pressifJ'g ilU)tI8m(!ot~l_ Generally the Ju t-sau Lv enacted tn. the farm 0/ the Fook-sau. that is why man)! U·ring Tsun Of. ~fb'lg Chun tfainees find the two confi·tsilJR _. editor. )

1

66

2

DD UILIE UIPPER L'Y INn_lp,ALM

A (left! posing tnf} WJL Pre'tighting P,O'~tiI.H"ii!: white 'fac'ing I:t B aUaC:'K':s A lIiitlh double pu nches, A d.ss.oive:s, B IS atta~k. by 'chal!lHill"l 9 the D mnlbll e Tan ·ia u -:I: 0 the Ji!lJt-sa'i,J m oveme nt. Hallin!) fect:uated th e .11 ut-sau , wh I on caus.e~ 18 to fa I ~ fo rwa rd. A takes the 0 PPO r. tu III i tv 10 ta u neh 'h is powelFTu I Dow b~iS U oner IL Vi nlg-pa~ m attack at B ~s. face,

4

61

!II! The Kau-s:l1ilJ. is a rnovemem which. enables us to replace uur bridge-arms from the opponent '"s. outdoor ,area to his indoor dFeI1. Or ,..i,ce-'V'!,1;"[S8, in a safe.

d . -ii,

an _ &UIlf,he WIly;

* The High GOOlI-saU is 8. m'O'vemeli1t wbich ]oob ~ the J urn-sao. However, the. ]i urn- S3.U is only applied. for defeasive purposes" wbjle "tire. Higb G~un~u ea:n be appUtd both as ~ ~n~nsiy~ and defensllvSl moeement,

A (left} !,os'ing 'the W'".",', Pir'flfighlingi PonY I"@ wh~ I ~ hcing] B. B ap pi ies the double- pUMtii,es anack. coming into A·:s. indODf aretJ. A quickiV makes a turn, an d poses. tds right arm in the Kau~,s;au mOV€Jmant whflle' aPiPIyi'l1g w~th his left arm the H f:gh Gaurh!iiEUJI moveme nt to fIIU U ify' II's ,attack a nd offelr IOO~Iirte't'· aU~k et tIh~ same time.

B n N G-,SAU - K N f E·STAMPIN ~ K IIIC PiC

., TIle Bo,mg..san is, a greatly effective movement whioh is adopted .£0:1" countering hea\IY ,stralghtime attacks, m't is, applied by ben "ng the forearm do'Nll to defle et the opponent's strai~,dille attacks, whim, no nl!llt1e:r how powerful, w.ill surely be nuJJljfted. lIa,ving ~f:fe..c"iuated the Bong-sau moeement, and whll'e our' opponent 1S opt 'Yet :relildy '~o hutmch hls second attack ~ we &hou]d at th_l~ moment m_ake a sideward rtep to sta.)" at the orponenCssJrle and offer a counter ... attack with the Kneestamp'mg' Kick technique I!'

A, (left) POSiil'il!) the W"T. Prle.fi'9ntiI19 POSNre wni'le facirngl I" B imitiaws :a right s-tra!ughitl'ine punch I~U A. A quicklV turon to. E!\i',ade 'fue punch. ImmEl'diately anflr that., A rna k;es; ;ii, 5id':eM,rd s.P '00 ,~y' ~ [lit's r rghrt side. end qu ~ck ty ra ises Ihis: left leg 10 launch a l(.r:lee-st:a~lrng IKli'ck it the back of S's right knee,

69

f

FO[lK·SAU - KAUwSAU & LO'WER LYING-PALM

,. The functiens of 'the. Foo,k..sa~ are twofold. Beside!, s-ening as i m~arm fOr pressing down or ro1l:holling the opponent's ann wlth the P,aIDl_ The Faokssiul can also 'be ad!opted for Sltopping the opponenrs Cha'miluDche.s by ma'kiD! use of the. q1lakk bending: of the wds1, 8S rexploci!tl.ed below.

* By ch'd:mg the wrist roaad the wrist of the @pp-one.nt. W~ can replace our wrim: frorn the tfUJO,oT (JI'ea of the opponent to his ,outtioor area: This enables u~ to stay at the DpPQfiellt~s. side, and to launch, the lAw,er Lying-pabn attack at his Hank-as ni.us{mted:

A lleft) posing the W.T. IPlrefighting Posture whj~e fadrlg B,. 8 at1acks A wfth his right strarg~~line p.~nch" ,A dissolves it with the Fook-sau technique by flipping his

- -

right patm to the Ileft. B. ,aga~ilil ~aunches a ~ett slr:aighUlne- punch, A 81m sppllas h~1

r'rgnt !Fo-.ok~allJ, by flipp'ifl9' his IP!:dm to fhra ri'gf"l,t to sto,p 8,~s, FlLmcf'l_ After th t a 1:8unrOhe5 ,8 'm~rd punch wilth ~rs right arm", A this tlma ii'rst fnp.s hls right FQok~SBU to 111 e: [fight to nuHify IBis, PLJncl1~ @l1d then elrcles hi s palm olJtward, f.rom If ind(H)l' ran:a te hi~, CWtdUQF atear SOl that he ~s now st'andf.Jlg at 8"5 right ,ide. F~n !ly A

aUIi'ic.hes a Ileft Lower Lying-palm attack at B"s [right flank:.

7]

12

.. ~

73

KWU N"SA U - FA C.A n E' ·'PO~PAI'ir DO U B L E"\PA lM 'MO V ElM E NIT

.. The PO-'Pai Doub:Je-.pa1m mO"'ctnent ]S a combil1~liol1 of the Erect-palm movemeat applied with one arm and the R.everse-pm m.ovrntmnf applied. Mtb the other arm. in application. th em are (\VO fa shions n f it ~ namefy the 'f'a~e Po-pai (FQ.ce40·fact~ Po-Pai] and. the Sideward P'o-p',ai _ The fo llowin g t:;; an illu stra t ion of the facade Po-pal Double-palm movement :tt.pplictl ill succession In the KWlUl-SlUI movement:

A P!05ing the W.T'. Prefl~lrng PQs,'iure whfle facilil~ B;, 18 launches t~e double' ~uncheil, at A. A turns and ,appJies the l(,wun-'sAu mevement to disJoh/fi B's attack. ~rnmediate· II·y :after th.a1~ A c;nanges h~s srms to the Facade PO·'P':i:!H [)ouble-':'Palm m~\!'errI!9if1t, whh one palm Qiml ng at B·~ upper-lfJwl and thQ nthsr ,i3Jt tili~ 10 Vt/ef'-level.

14

2.

4

7S

76

+

+

~,

68 : .. __ ~

1ft "

. ...

~.... .

- .

I~A ....

- .

. .. ~

" If the '-' A)temale BO:l1:l"i u' applied to dlssolve the 3'fbcks,! wlh.at follows should S,id.ewam, Po~h.i Dfn~bte-:rB~ t meat for ,coLmtti"r,..attacking the orr·loll act hi!1! side m as inus1!:r~t:ed 'below.

U - SIIDEWARD ilpO PAIIII' DD UBLE·PAl.M ,MOV'EMENT

the W;T. Prefign1iilg P'o!ture wh,ile facing, lB. B lnitiates a ~eh ~t'ralgj1t~ine t AI who 'Counter,1i with nii,~ left lJo!llg~au" Immediate-Iv attertnat, A advances 'to ., ~aft side! and ado.pts the Sideward Po ... Pg! '!teohnique b'y laLJrlchlng hls left 's moulder rand his rjgnt pslm at 18's tlank,

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FACADE PO·P'AI

1l01lJILE:~PAl,M MOVEMENT

• The High &: low G8tm~D is a s;~de~rd m.ov~ent" ,Ho'!fW:ver, when:it changes to the Po·Pai movem.0(]t~ it becomes tlte F:acade h-p:ai The Po~p.ai, teclt_niq_lle' rl~rived from th1.1' High & Low Gaun-sau is sUgh.tly dliferent from that d.e'rive.d f.mm the KWlJ.n-sa.R1. The Po-pai ~eQhnjque derived from the Kwun-milu is a, movement of doublc:",palm attacks from 'the opponent's illdoo'l' area; the Po-pai technlque derieed from 'the High & low Gaua-sau is applie-d in such a way th~t the arm of om: Mpper attackh'1g paJrm is: press.ing one Ute opponent's arms, and. the hridge-arm of our Lower (J)UaclcW!g: palm is. also pressing the: other arm of our opponent, R.eade-rs shou.1d watch earefulJty Jiow the series cf moeementa are e naete d.

A posilf\Q the W.T, 'refigtn~ngl Posture while 'fa£;ililg B. B attacks A with his daubl'e· punches,. one hIgh arlO the other ,II ow. A quick~V 'tums s~dl!way·:s. ,and applies th4: HEgh Be Low (1~un-sau to counte.r the ~\tnacks. tmmed\iiteJy alftg,1'" Ehart A turns to flee e, a~ain and aPP'lles me· 'o-p1ai techniqu.e as ill eeunter-artaek.

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BDNG"lSAli - SID EWAR D PD~PAIIIll nUB lE~PAIl.M IMOVEMENT

Ij: The foll(lWing se t of Sjdeward ,Po.paji Double-;pmm M01icITumu ded\l'e.d from the. Bong-sau IS different from that mentlcned abure.

III the previous set, the Bong-san dired]y hH11& to IDe El'e-ct-paimn,. and presses ~)rI the oppon ent's shoLlldel' , In this set. the Hong -sau changes to the IRe venell aiIm" an L1, glides over (he: opponent's bridge-arm to penetrate Into his tndo~r tflrea and. land On hisbody.

A pos:ing the W.T. PreffghtinS Posture whHe far::ing it R launchlils a' sudden right nraightlin(l punch at: A. A adopts uhe right Stdew~rd Bong-saL! to dmsso~ve B'~I at.hck, Immediate'v' after tha,t. A turn,s to B's rf9.ht side, and changing his Bong-sau to the Revlrse·pafm, thrusts: it forward OVll;!'1' B's right arm, while hIs I'eft 8lrlll also turns to the E'rect..,p'i!ilm to join in thel counter-attack,

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BONG~SAU _ G R'APPLING HANID a THROAT -CU1T.Nt HAND _. \PAK-$AU S $PADE'~MAND

.it: Many Wing ISUfl followers neglects the fact Hurt the 'BMg-sau can gJve rise to a varre ty of movem e n ts, f[)r·e.:trump le, th e CrappImg",band •. as iUust rated below.

~ When !I pra·ctitioner 3!pp-lies. 'the Gmppting.Jlamd to comrol the opponent's arm, he sho.uld .. at the same time ~ppiy til e Throat-cuttIng Hsnell tn .aHa:ck his op'pn Rent. Aft.er '(hat, his arms should change ·co. the Pak-sau .and Spade-ltmHI re~l'ccUver.y to lalJt1.cl1 Further attacks at: his. opponent.

A posing the ·W. T, Pref,ighting Posture w,hile facing lB. B faufllches a right straightline punch at A. A cou.nters witn his .. I.en Sioewalrd Eh)1!19-.!iBU .• ·whl.r:::h then chan~es to me Gnpplfng·hartd to get hold of Bls rIght arm, wh~~e his ri.gttlt arm launches: a COli.mter" attack in the form o.,f the Throilt~CUttll1lJ Hafillit. Al this. mernent A has .8,lreifdy turned fnJm the rlfj1t to t,hfF le·ft.

Having ,eftecnuned his counter-attacks. A withdraw.s; hr~ r~ght· arm to. P'Os.€ the Pak.~U 'tQ press down 8's right arm, and at ·the same itr.me il:h.ang'e~ if1~S h:i!ft iliFm to the S.p~de-hand to stra(e heavi'lv at Irs d'iilin.

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l1~e Cm~d Smmp -Ki,\ck is an outstandtng kkk Q f the Witlg l'S-UIl s)tSWm. Whil€ other kicks of Wing TSUH are applied with the front ~e,g th e Cra.ssed StalnpJi.kk5 however. iSi la'Umched frOftl the back leg, 111 3fJpJymg the Crossed S'trunfJ~ck~ :I practnioner should pu.y attention to the ways h_Cc steps forward prlor to Iamchirr~ thfrkkk.

A. posing tOle. W. T. Pr~fr9.htilmg Pos.ture whUe facing B. 8 ~eu.f1ehe.-$ a rj:ght ~trajQhtJine pJlii'ildh at A. ,A di.ssoJI·lile~ me attack with flJ:~ right Sideward Bon.g-sau. Immedian:ly .,fteJ' thall~ A~s .r+ght [I,eg makes ,81 cyrving step to land en B's di!}.ht sider whll!l his' left leg In sas to launch al CrQssed Stamp -K.ick: at the back of the knee of 8"\5 back lleg.

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LOW BONG-.sAU - SPADlE-HANID & IFACADE TIHRIJST-KICI( ._NEE,-ST.AMPING KI CK

fACAfJ'E

• Many Wma Tsun f ollowers trunk that ha,Vilng. ap,pUe'(f the: Low BODg"_U wi th one arm, they have to use the other arm to counter attack at the upp.c:r~level In fact dley can use the same arm tbat ha~ just executed the Low Bong-sau movement to di800.11Fe fUJ'We[ attacks from the opponent. Besides an experien ced Wing Tsun practiticaer can make use of both hts armand his ~eg to launch co-ordinaung o.ffen.sive, mevetrents at the same moment, thus making if, very difficult for the oppoaent re de fend hifnself.

• As regards kickin,g techniques of Wlng, Tsun, the ~ame p:rmdp'fe ap:p.1ies to them a to hand techniques. T1uu. is to' say, it is not necessary to withdraw the leg uncr ~ hit cxtu:ted. a kick, for it CWl ~tiJl be used to launch further attadk.5 sm,piy by giving variations to its mevernents, wh.kb will enable the practitioner strike at dif~~ mnl parts of the OpPQ:n~ne,s boOdy as desired,

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A, posing the W. T, P refi ghtli ng Postu re upon en counta r,ing B. a hUJinc: h es a ri~ht: straightli~'H~ punch at A's ~()Wf)r.JeveJ j which IS dlssolved by A"s right lc.,wer BOIllQr-sau. 18 then ~mlmeoeliatel'V attacks A with a ~eft straight~ ~'ne punch at A"s u'pper-h~vll, A theremr,o turns hts right Lower Bon'g-sau ttl the uPfJe:r~JeV8J Spadef""hand to lfiiu~Ufy the attack, and offers I counterattack art IB's ehin, A1 the same time A's left leg.~oilTls in. the' counter-attaek by ~a,unch5ng. a stralghtline Thrl.:st~kick at B"'9 ,abdomen.

Ha~ihg f:!ffecitu~t:oo the Thrrust-k1c:kr A rums hls left leg to 'f~rdler his attack on B with 8i F,acade Krrlee-:s~mping Kick at B'~ right kfilee..

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'G IJM-SA U. ~ S,I DI EWA R D S L AP-PA ILIM a LO'WE]~, tYING·PALM

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elF The Gum-5.::i"UJ and the. !Pak:~11 look similar fu ut have different Iunctic t1~,. The Pak iia'u ]£ executed] b~ :d&pp.i£lg the llahn towards the opponent's '~m a1[td p'reS&ing, U, down to l1J'Ltllify Its charge., The refore it, is a forceful alii d &'Wift movement - But irts, force qtri,Ckliy dirnhushes- It is g!i[1~rally ,appl1e,d to eonater mid~lfvel a nacks. It 'Usually makes a cracking sound ~:s it is exeeuted. The GUm-SU" on the other hand, is ~ ]HOygnlent that goe s al Orl1~ a r,tlaU\'cly '~O'l'i'igef distance with a, more flexible force. 'h is often applied

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to counter at taeks of a iOllger range luch as punches and kicks, at 'the Ull1uH' and mifJ-levds,

As my~tHned b elow, 'lbe Gum- sau II ap,plled to ~"divert ~" the course of

the, opponent's 'ooming kick~ ai different. from the' Slap-pahri.j whleh is. applied for ~:pressiuC' down I. a punching amL

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A po'S'i ng the W. T, Prifighdng Ponu rc en EI ncotm tering B. B su dden Iy I au ndn Ii .a rri ght kick at A, wh 0 co 1.:1 nt rs it with his r'ight ,si de'!N.alrd G urn- sau,

I rnmed ~ate ~y a.:fte r th at, A c.1 rei es h ~8 right leg' to :irep on B~s 1I'~>ght side., and then o.ffulr:s a cou n relf-.tliUack with thi3 'Ileft Sidewa rd S~ap-palm &. the Lower 'L yiog,-p:alm mOVil!lT!e nts,

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GUM~SAU ~ PAK-SALI & DFf~'EnlDV IHRUST·KtC,K

>Ii The Gu.m-:sau Is 3J movement useful for count eringnot only- lowe:F~/€:vel kicks, but also pun che s at b ()'Ut the m id·!evel and kWJ:er-lwerl, Ai Illustrated here s [be practitioner first adopts the Sideward Gum·s.au ~O &101' the opponent's JOil;wr-lelt.e1 Thrusting-punch, then he. ~ppHe$ the Pak..sau (S:f{l~p(1lm) and] the 81anl Thrustkick to walid o.ff an upper-Ie'i1el attack and offer counter-attack,

* Most uf the kicks of the w_ T. system are launched at a very dose range h.l the opponent. 1 herefore the kicking tecrul.kj ue mentioned ab 0 ve is the only kick he,~ides the Sideward Thrust-kick that is launched at 3 long ranged f rom the UppOJ1~IU.

A posing 'the W. T. F*r'ijiTighlirnQI Posture, on enoo~nte,ting II B, I,auifl,cne-s, a sudden f.elt ThrLJc5trng~puneh at A/s lower-level. A d~s:solve:s, ,it wanl ,il right Qum-:seu and 'Wrning of the body to the left. Having fail'~d ith has flrs.t PUl1clMl~ 8: tiurthers hioS, abt1lck wah a right Urai_gP·litline pun,ch at A/s I;lppef'r/l}vl1/. A shifts his bodV ta 8/$ r.ght side, art-d de-fleets Bl's pUf'lQh w~,th 8 S~;ap,.palm movement. whtle hi's right leg ~aUli\thes ~ Stampili-g-kick ,almlg a sl~nt·strtl!igb.t liru~' at ,B":; uppe'l\'" ca~f.

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114· Many trainees C) f W, T. S!fstem have the wroIllg 'idea that there are :fUji Grap~ plfRg-tumd techniques. iii! the W. 'I. ~s1em. In fact there l~, 8 Grappling'hand moveme nt in Wing, Tsun ~ 'which however is le.i~ frequerrn.ly ~NilHed.

;j,: Silnll.larJy ~ many \Vjng Tsun tra inecs think that there .t:s not a Swecp-kick in Wing lst~n_ In fad 'they. are again wrong~ for there is such a kick in W~ng Thun, whkh Js quite different from "that .ap.pUed In ill 0'1:11 er Ina rtia1 an sty fe-~ and is quite difl1.cuh to master. That is why explanation of tra.il1lllg in th is technlque is ief~ behind an t1f the' ] ElS! section of the l¥oodoClU Dummy 1 eehniq U es,

A pos.ing th e W. T. Prefignting POSRJrre an encountering B. B. suddenly lilumchJes:

I rigl1 t st'f,aigh U ine In.lfilch at A,r who ,lips the charge w~th the Sid~din·!l Bong" i8U moveme n t _ I mrned l;nE!'~V afjoor that~ A shifts himse! to e/s right sfde. 'an-d turns. !his fight Song-sau to' it tirapplifllgh d to. '1)81-·' hold Df B~~s ri~ht w,riS[j whil,13' his 4eft !hand also poses iii' (3'flsp.pl. InfJ~hand 'to selze 8's, right elbow.

After that, A ra~5es, his [right Jleg to launch a Sweep-krck at the kneoe~joint of 8's front leg .. while both hls arms eXeIt a forceful pull tn thF] slde, Caus~n.g B to !,O~ ba I an De i!1nd fa U forward.

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St : ," -- f- iliJ. 1\r th -, ~ ~ II rv O· e'~1' t! ~,llI, -' '~ er

-,of

~ing ~9Un ~:tllit

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PROMOT,ER OF CHINESE KUNG FtUI

I Y deceased father, Yip Man the. Grandmaster, was not , only 'the I orerunner of th e' Wing Tsun style j but was also a genius in the modern wo rld of martial art s. Besides promoting Chinese kung-fu and pushing its developrnen t ]}1 overseas countries, he also brought up aJarge number " of highly skifful disciples.

FUTSHAN - BRE,EDtlNG PLACE OF M,ARTIAL ARTS

Orandrnaster 'Y,ip Man was a native of Namhoi Coun,tyof Kwa'l1.gtung Province., He spent his living at Futsbsn, one of the four most famous tOlWUI of southern China, where various kinds of handicrafts were then h.igh1y de\i'eloped. Besides I Futshan is also regarded as the place of origin e f Chin e se ku ng-fu in southern Chlna, During' the period betwe en the faU of the. Ching Dynasty and the founding of 'the National Republic

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0'1" China, a. large number of famous and skilful Chfrlese marl iul rtl 'IS were brought up in the town of Futshan or at least these martial ur(i~h were somehow related to affairs that happened in Futshan. he cause 01 the appearance of these skilful martial artists. in utshan rnigh t have been due to the burning down. of the Sit) Lam Monas.wryin Fukien' Province, which resulted in toe great escape of hundreds of monks nd practitioners sik:illed <in. the Siu Lam, Style of kung-fu, who ran away from the siege of the soldiers of the Man.chu government. Many of them, like the famous Zen. Master Chi Shin escaped sou thwards and hlo themselves in Futshan.

A photo talren in Grandmaster Y,ip IMan.s home.

Grandmaster Yip Man's father, that is, IllY grandfather, was named 01 Doh. He was in 'fact brought up in a family of generations of merchan ts. ,My grand father himself once ra n U 'shop in Hong Kong. My grandmother, then known as 1\1adame NUl '!A as praised for bemg a helpful wife and a good mother. Anyway? the Yip, family in Futshan 'was ill famous and influential fa'mUy _ The inherited large .fannyard wassituated at a. newly rebuilt avenue called the F(lk Yin A venue, literally meaning A venue of Happiness and Scholarship. The homesteads of the Yip famUy occupied a large area, with two symctrical rows of large old fash io ned 11 ouses, arnoun ti ng to not fe wer than t wen ty inn U mber Fining along the two sides of the avenue! an exactly the site of the present Municipal Government House, The ancestral temple of the Yip clan was situated at" the centre of the homestead, It 'was in this ancestral temple tha t the great Gran drnas te r Chan Wah Sfi un I" the renown ed Wing Tsun practitioner, had for quite. a ]ong period resided, when he admitted disciples and taug)lt them skills of the Wing Tsun Style. Among the students of Grandmaster' Chan Wah Shun, there WaS one ~ by the name of Yip Man, who. for the first time in rus life learnt Win,g Tsun skilis in the ancestral temple of his family"

Of F-:5PR ING OF 1(1IING~FU 0 EN: ER.A'"lIO NS

A GlfTED, SUTD:ENT OF MARTIA'L ARTS

At the age of nine" Yip Man. my late father was admitted as a student by Gran dmaster Chan \Vall Shun _ Bill [ before th a~ l' a'S rny grandmother 'the late Madame Ng 'Said! Yip ,~fan worked bard on his studies. After receiving each lesson he seldom wasted his time in having: games 'With fellow-playmates, but devoted all his spare time: in writing. poems and painting, or watching Grandmaster Chan teaching his students. Day after day he watched, and became gradually interested ln techniques. 0'[ Wing TSUll. At least he went straight to GrHIidmaster Chan V¥'ah Shun and requested hun to admit him into his kung-fu class, Grandmaster Chan thought the boy might only De joking so he said lo kingly th at. every boy i in ord r to be admitted, had '[0 V'ay an lnitlal admission fee of three taels of silver, and that if the boy had three tacls of silver, he 'would

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'limit him. OIl hearing this, IUY father rushed horne Iilled with ple su e and hope. Soon he brought ba~k tim ' taels of silver as re uircd. randmaster 'Chan WaS surprised to see what th boy had don, . Ht: ask d tit..:' hny how he had got the money. The boy answe~ed th t he tll'~ ~ 1 rc Iy known. that he needed the three taels of silver fair admission, 0 he be un :;.uving money some y~ 1'& ago, Grandmaster Chan 'Wah Shun did not believe in the boy, thin ki ng urn at he must h a \I'~ st olen til e 11] on e y. So ~l e did not accept the boy as his discipla. Neither did he return the money to the bOY]I saying, H]! you wa~U' to gel back the mane ~'. YOl.J. J.lIJW! i{) h,tnf! '''lour mother here to pro v.e that the r1l.D.ney r:eally belongs to you .. 1 V'ip Man the hoy could do nothing but urge his mother to come '[Q the. martial art tutor. When meeting lhe boy~s mother, Chan Wah Shun ·S3.bd, "I did 1UJt suspec t tne ,iJ/O urce oJ th e '110 n ey. J t ts .0 nlj~ that .I wa Rt l'u S:t:€ hllj mother and speak to her ptl'sonally. an.d ask whether she real(v allows her boy to "ear" kung-fu. /rOfJT me. In [act Ihe boy is quit« gifidcL and' he has. been watching me teecn kl~ng·.J'U quite til IDng rime. 11 he

The Grandmaster and his I!J_ ,andlon.. the SQn of Master Vi p Ch un author ..

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jollolvs me, he' will .}urely succeed in .rrtaktng his career as a martial antu. " Madam Ng was very pleased to hear that and said that if Clutn Wah Shun agreed to accept her SO]1 .. she would not hesitate to allow her son to take up stu dies 0 f marti al arts.

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