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W W W . T C Y O N L I N E .

C O M
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TIME & WORK

1. When time is the same, more men are needed to do more work i.e. number of men and work are
directly proportional to each other.
M∝W
2. When work is constant , man and time are inversely proportional to each other
1
M∝ , where M is the number of men and D is the number of days.
D

M1D1H1 M2D2H2
3. = where M, D, H, W represent men, days, hours and work done respectively.
W1 W2
4. If a worker takes x days to finish a piece of work (working alone) and the second one takes y days to
xy
finish the same piece of work (working alone), together they will take days to finish the same job.
x+y

5. If pipe A takes x hours to fill a tank and pipe B takes y hours to empty the same tank (working alone),
xy
then together they will take hours to fill the tank. ( y > x).
y−x
6. If A, B, and C are three persons who can finish the work W alone in a, b, and c days respectively,
abc
together they can finish the work in days.
ab + bc + ca
7. If A and B can do same work alone in x and y days, the ratio of their wages when they work together
1 1
will be : .
x y
8. If A and B together can do a piece of work in X days, B and C can finish the same piece of work in Y
days while C and A can finish it in Z days. Then
2 XYZ
(A) A, B and C working together can finish in days.
XY + YZ + ZX
2 XYZ
(B) A alone will finish the job in days.
XY + YZ − ZX
2 XYZ
(C) B alone will finish the job in days.
XZ + YZ − YX
2 XYZ
(D) C alone will finish the job in days.
XY + XZ − ZY
9. (a) If A can finish a piece of work in x days and B is k times more efficient than A, then the time
x
taken by both A and B working together to complete the piece of work is
1+ k
(b) If A and B working together can finish a piece of work in X days and B is k times more efficient
than A, the time taken by

(i) A, working alone, to complete the piece of work is (k + 1)x


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W W W . T C Y O N L I N E . C O M
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⎛ k + 1⎞
(ii) B, working alone, to complete the piece of work is ⎜ ⎟
⎝ k ⎠
10. If A working alone takes ‘a’ days more than A and B working alone takes ‘b’ days more than A and B

together, the number of days taken by A and B working together to finish a job is given by ab .

11. If ‘a’ men and ‘b’ women can do a piece of work in n days, ‘c’ men and ‘d’ women can do the same

⎛ nab ⎞
piece of work in ⎜ ⎟ days.
⎝ bc + ad ⎠

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For free online mock CATs and sectional tests, visit www.tcyonline.com