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OVER SPEED & DRUNKER INDICATOR

Introduction:
The Object of this project is to detect the speed of the vehicle and find the drunker
drivers.
Scope:
This project is very useful to the traffic police department in order to find the
drunker and measure the speed of the vehicle. This project is also used to avoid the
accident and save the human life.

Brief methodology:
 Microcontroller
 IR transmitter and receiver
 Alcohol sensor
 ADC
 Driver circuit
 Alarm
 LCD display
Explanation:
This project is designed with micro controller, IR transmitter receiver and driver
circuit with alarm, alcohol sensor, amplifier, ADC and key pad. Here the Microcontroller
may be Atmal 89C51 or PIC Microcontroller both are flash type reprogrammable
Microcontroller.
In this project we are using IR as a speed detector. Here two set of IR transmitter and
receiver is used. IR transmitter is placed in the one road side and receiver is placed in the
opposite road side similarly another one set of transmitter and receiver is placed after
20,30 meter in the same manner. Then the output of these two set is given to micro
controller through the signal and conditioning unit.
When supply is switched on the laser transmitter transmitting the infrared wave to
the receiver one important point note here transmitter and receiver should be placed
straight line to each other. When vehicle is traveling on the road it cuts the rays between
first set of transmitter and receiver now it gives the signal to micro controller after some
time it cuts rays between another set of transmitter and receiver now it gives the signal to
micro controller.
In micro controller we have already programmed. We know the distance between
these two IR set and we can also know the time when the vehicle was cut these two IR
beam. By using this we can easily calculate the speed of the vehicle.
If the vehicle is travels above the normal speed the micro controller automatically
activates the driver circuit for alarm. Now the alarm makes the sound for indication. The
alcohol sensor is the one type of transducer which measures the alcohol rate. Depends
upon the alcohol it generates the voltage signal. Then the signal is given to amplifier in
order to amplify that weak signal. Then the amplified signal is given to ADC.
ADC is nothing but analog to digital converter which converts the incoming analog
to corresponding digital signal. Then the digital signal is given to microcontroller. The
microcontroller received the signal and displayed on the LCD display which represents
the alcohol rate drunk by the drunker.

Advantages:

i. Simple and versatile.


ii. Less expensive.
iii. Reduced man power.

Applications:

This project is very useful to the traffic police department in order to find the
drunker and the speed of the vehicle to prevent the accident.
Block Diagram: