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Quintozene Alternatives

June 24th, 2010

Health Canada Re–evaluation De cision RVD2010–06 Quintozene

Selected and adapted exce rpts

Re–Evaluation Decision

After a re–evaluation of the fungicide q u i n t o z e n e , P e s t M a n a g e m e n t R e g u l a -


t o r y A g e n c y o f H e a l t h C a n a d a ( P MR A ) announced that ...

... q u in to zen e is b e ing pha se d–ou t fo r tu rf an d o rna men ta l u se s du e to


t he he a lt h a nd / o r en viron me nta l con ce rns.

On Ma r c h 2 3 r d , 2 0 0 9 , a submission by C a n a d i a n G o l f S u p e r i n t e n d e n t s A s s o -
c i a t i o n ( C G S A ) to H e a l t h C a n a d a alleged that ...

• R E P E A T A P P L I C A T I O N S of alternatives to quintozene would be required to


provide a prolonged period of protection equivalent to that of one application of
quintozene. [ ?! ? ! ]

• Most of the recently–registered alternatives to quintozene have a S I N G L E –


S I T E mode of action. Greater use of active ingredients with a S I N G L E – S I T E
mode of action will increase the risk of developing resistance. [ ?! ? ! ]

• Quintozene acts as a C O N T A C T fungicide, and alternative S Y S T E M I C fungici-


des will be less effective since turf is dormant when disease is active. [ W r o n g ! ]

The statements were M I S G U I D E D , M I S L E A D I N G , a n d I N C O M P E T E N T .


P e s t Ma n a g e m e n t R e g u l a t o r y A g e n c y o f H e a l t h C a n a d a ( P M R A ) responded
to C G S A allegations with the following statements ―

Efficacy Performance

A c c o r d i n g t o P e s t M a n a g e m e n t R e g u l a t o r y A g e n c y o f H e a l t h C a n a d a ...

A LTER NA TIVE products to q u i n t o z e n e which provide winter–season–long control


( such as, for the duration of winter ) of S n o w M o l d s on turf with O N L Y O N E
A P P L I C A T I O N are registered in C a n a d a .

Examples ―

• In s t r a t a ( p r o p i c o n a z o l e , f l u d i o x o n i l a n d c h l o r o t h a l o n i l )

• Q u a l i – P r o Ip r o d i o n e 2 4 0 S E ( i p r o d i o n e )

• Rovra l G reen GT ( iprod ione )

Resistance Management

A c c o r d i n g t o P e s t M a n a g e m e n t R e g u l a t o r y A g e n c y o f H e a l t h C a n a d a ...

Q u i n t o z e n e is a g r o u p 1 4 fungicide which acts as a P R OTEC TIVE C O N T A C T


fungicide.

Mo st a lte rna t ive s to qu into ze ne ha ve a SI NG LE–SI TE mod e of a ct ion .

However, two A LTE RNA TIVE active ingredients ( c h l o r o t h a l o n i l and t h i r a m ) have


MU LTI – S ITE modes of action.

The registered S I N G L E – S I T E active ingredients with a high risk of resistance


development should be A LTER NA TED with the registered MU LTI – S ITE fungicides
that have a low risk for resistance development in S n o w Mo l d s .
Some A LTER NA TIVES to quintozene are registered for use as tank–mixes with
products from other Mo d e o f A c t i o n G r o u p s for resistance management and to
increase efficacy.

Examples ―

• Daconil 2787 ( chlo rothalon il )

• Rovra l G reen GT ( iprod ione )

Additionally, products formulated with several active ingredients from different


Mo d e o f A c t i o n G r o u p s are also currently registered.

Example ―

• In s t r a t a ( p r o p i c o n a z o l e , f l u d i o x o n i l , a n d c h l o r o t h a l o n i l )

Need for Contact Fungicides on Dormant Turf

A c c o r d i n g t o P e s t M a n a g e m e n t R e g u l a t o r y A g e n c y o f H e a l t h C a n a d a ...

G r a y S n o w Mo l d s pass the summer as dormant sclerotia that produce spores


during cool ( less than 10°C ) and wet conditions in the fall.

P i n k S n o w M o l d passes the summer as dormant mycelia.

P i n k S n o w Mo l d spores are formed during growth in the fall and are distrib-
uted by water drainage.

Fungal growth and infection of the turf by S n o w Mo l d s take place under cool,
wet conditions, and in particular under the snow cover.

Q u i n t o z e n e has been considered as an effective fungicide for the control of


S n o w Mo l d s since it is a C O N T A C T F U N G I C I D E W I T H P R O T E C T I V E A C T I O N .
C O N T A C T F U N G I C I D E S W I T H P R O T E C T I V E ( and C URA TIVE ) A C T I O N provide
an advantage over S Y S T E M I C fungicides for the control of S n o w Mo l d s since
S Y S T E M I C fungicides will be less effective in dormant turf.

However, the use of the term « S Y S T E M I C » can be IMPREC ISE and MISLEAD IN G .
The only T R U E S Y S T E M I C fungicide, A l i e t t e , is N O T registered for S n o w Mo l d
control. Moreover, « S Y S T E M I C » is often used to describe those fungicides
with a PE NE TRAN T mode of action.

A lte rna t ives to qu int ozene wh ich a ct b y CO NT ACT a ct ion t o co nt ro l Sno w


Mo ld s o n tu rf ARE re g iste red in Cana da.

Examples ―

• Daconil 2787 ( chlo rothalon il ) ― CO NT ACT F UNGI CIDE W ITH


P R O T E C T I V E A C T I O N ― inhibits growth of germinating fungal cells.

• In s t r a t a ( f l u d i o x o n i l ) ― C O N T A C T F U N G I C I D E W I T H P R O T E C T I V E
A C T I O N ― f l u d i o x o n i l mainly inhibits germination of spores, and to a
lesser extent mycelial growth.

• Rovra l G reen GT ( iprod ione ) ― CO NT ACT F UNGI CI DE W ITH PRO -


T E C T I V E A N D C U R A T I V E A C T I O N ― inhibits germination of spores and
growth of fungal mycelia ― LOCA LIZED FOLIA R P ENE TRA N T .

• Thiram ― CO NTACT F UNG I CI DE W IT H PROT ECT IVE ACT IO N ―


mode of action.
MU LTI – S ITE

O th e r a lte rna t ives to qu int ozene ha ve CO NTACT an d « SYSTEMIC » ( i.e .


t r a n s – l a m i n a r f o l i a r p e n e t r a n t m o d e o f a c t i o n ) with p r o t e c t i v e a n d c u r a -
tive action .

Examples ―

• C o m p a s s 5 0W G ( t r i f l o x y s t r o b i n )

• H e r i t a g e MA X X ( a z o x y s t r o b i n )

• In s i g n i a E G ( p y r a c l o s t r o b i n )
Azoxystrobin, Pyraclostrobin, and Trifloxystrobin
as Alternatives to Quintozene

H e r i t a g e MA X X ( a z o x y s t r o b i n ), In s i g n i a E G ( p y r a c l o s t r o b i n ), and C o m p a s s
5 0W G ( t r i f l o x y s t r o b i n ) have P R OTEC TIVE and CUR A TIV E properties.

C o m p a s s 5 0 W G ( t r i f l o x y s t r o b i n ) is registered as a tank–mix with R o v r a l


Green GT ( iprod ione ).

Carbathiin, Oxycarboxin, and Thiram


as Alternatives to Quintozene

The registrant for the technical grade active ingredients does N O T support the
continued use of c a r b a t h i i n and o x y c a r b o x i n on turf.

T h i r a m is a C O N T A C T F U N G I C I D E W I T H P R O T E C T I V E A C T I O N .

Iprodione
as an Alternative to Quintozene

Ip r o d i o n e has P R OTEC TA N T and CU RA TIV E properties.

It inhibits germination of spores and growth of mycelium.

Application is required in the fall and spring when the snow melts.

R o v r a l G r e e n G T and Q u a l i – P r o Ip r o d i o n e 2 4 0 S E are the only i p r o d i o n e


products registered for a S IN GLE APP LICA TION prior to snow cover for winter–
season–long control.

R o v r a l G r e e n G T can also be tank–mixed with either D a c o n i l 2 7 8 7 or C o m -


p a s s 5 0W G .
Myclobutanil, Propiconazole, and Triticonazole
as Alternatives to Quintozene

E a g l e W S P ( m y c l o b u t a n i l ) and B a n n er MA X X ( p r o p i c o n a z o l e ) are « S Y S -
T E M I C » fungicides with P ROTE C TIVE and C URA TIVE properties. In fact, they are
LIMITE D A CROPE TA L FOLIA R PENE TRAN TS , and LOCA LLY S YS TEMIC fungicides.

E a g l e W S P is registered for G r a y S n o w Mo l d , and N O T P i n k S n o w Mo l d .

P r e m i s 2 0 0 F ( t r i t i c o n a z o l e ) has P ROTEC TIVE properties. However, it re-


quires repeated applications to control G r a y S n o w Mo l d s , and can be tank–
mixed with R o v r a l G r e e n G T .

Propiconazole, Fludioxonil, and Chlorothalonil


as Alternatives to Quintozene

Only one product is registered in C a n a d a with this combination of active ingre-


dients ― In s t r a t a ( p r o p i c o n a z o l e , f l u d i o x o n i l , a n d c h l o r o t h a l o n i l ) .

The product label recommends that turf treated in the previous season with In -
s t r a t a N O T b e t r e a t e d in the following season.

F l u d i o x o n i l is a P R OTEC TAN T C O N T A C T fungicide with LONG RES ID UA L AC TIV ITY .

P r o p i c o n a z o l e has P R OTEC TA N T and CU RA TIVE properties.

C h l o r o t h a l o n i l has P R OTEC TA N T properties for S n o w Mo l d s .

Thiophanate–Methyl
as an Alternative to Quintozene

S e n a t o r 7 0W P ( t h i o p h a n a t e – m e t h y l ) is registered for P i n k S n o w M o l d only.


Force Of Nature presents THE
WHOLE TRUTH FROM AN INDE-
PENDENT PERSPECTIVE from
National Organization Respond-
ing Against Huje that seek to
harm or misinform the Green
Space Industry (NORAHG). It
is a series of Reports destined
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INFORMATION WITH COMMEN-
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The information presented in


this Report is for preliminary
planning only. Before making a final decision, the turf manager is expected to obtain trusted expert advice from
extension specialists, local distributors and/or agronomists. All decisions must take into account the prevailing
growing conditions, the time of year, and the established management practices.

All products mentioned in this Report should be used in accordance with the manufacturer’s directions, and accord-
ing to provincial, state, or federal law. For the official advantages, benefits, features, precautions, and restrictions
concerning any product, the turf manager must rely only on the information furnished by the manufacturer. The
mention of trade names does not constitute a guarantee or a warranty.

All information, excerpts, and pictures contained in this Report were found somewhere on the Internet, and may be
considered in the public domain, serving one of the following purposes ― archive, education, promotion, publicity,
or press release. Force Of Nature is TOTALLY INDEPENDENT of any trade association or business operating within
the Green Space Industry. Don’t thank us. It’s a public service. And we are glad to do it.

Force Of Nature is the brainchild of William H. Gathercole and his entourage. Mr. Gathercole is a principal founder
of the Modern Professional Lawn Care Industry in both Ontario and Quebec. He holds a degree in Horticulture from
the University of Guelph, and another pure and applied science degree from McGill University. He has worked in
virtually all aspects of the Green Space Industry, including golf, professional lawn care, and distribution. Mr. Gath-
ercole has supervised, consulted, programmed, and/or overseen the successful execution of hundreds of thousands
of management operations in the urban landscape. He has trained, instructed, and advised thousands of turf man-
agers and technicians. Mr. Gathercole has also been an agricultural agronomist. Mr. Gathercole is personally cred-
ited for crafting the Exception Status that has allowed the Golf Industry to avoid being subjected to the prohibition
of pest control products. He is also the creator of the signs that are now used for posting after application. Mr.
Gathercole is now retired, although his name continues to appear as the founder of Force Of Nature.

THE LIBRARY OF REPORTS • A LOOK AT Technical Information for the Green Space Industry • Bee Colony
Collapse Disorder • BOGUS Green Alternatives • CARNAGE Caused by Prohibition • CONSEQUENCES of
Prohibition • Culprits Who Conspired to Prohibit • DDT and Politicized Science • Environmental Terrorists
UNMASKED • Enviro PROFIT Accumulated by Greedy & Avaricious Enviro Maniacs • Environmental Terror Or-
ganizations • Environmental Terror That NEVER Ends • Famous Quotations • FERTILIZER Enviro Terror •
Global Warming • GOLF INDUSTRY Looming Shipwreck & Collision Course • Green Space Industry • Health
Canada • HEROES Speaking Out Against Enviro Terror • History of the Environmental Terror Movement •
Landscape Trades CAPITULATE • In VIOLATION of Federal Law • Myth Busting • NATIONAL Enviro Terror
Conspiracy • Organic Fertilizers • Paranoid Theories • Pests and Disorders of Ornamental Plants • Pests
and Disorders of Turfgrasses • Positive Waves (The Green Space Industry Responds with Outstanding and Inno-
vative Ideas) • TWISTED Precautionary Principle • The 9/11 Era of Environmental Terror • The FAILURE of
Integrated Pest Management • The FAILURE of Pesticide Free Parks • The Industry STRIKES BACK Against
Environmental Terror • 2,4–D • Warning •