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coM.

sat Analogue Gateway

Manual
Manual coM.sat Analogue Gateway

Table of Contents
1 Description of Device ...................................................................... 4
1.1 The LED Status Indicators ................................................................................ 5
2 Trunk Line Type Operation .............................................................. 6
2.1 Out-bound Calls (Telephone System Î GSM-Network) .......................... 6
2.1.1 Dialling Procedure ................................................................................................. 6
2.1.2 Restrictions ........................................................................................................... 6
2.1.3 The Busy State ..................................................................................................... 6
2.1.4 Telephone Charge Display ..................................................................................... 6
2.1.5 Disconnecting ....................................................................................................... 6

2.2 In-bound Calls (GSM-Network Î Telephone System) ............................. 6


3 Analog Extension Type Operation .................................................. 7
3.1 Out-bound Calls (Telephone System Î GSM-Network) .......................... 7
3.1.1 Calling Signals ...................................................................................................... 7
3.1.2 The Busy State ..................................................................................................... 7
3.1.3 Dialling Procedure ................................................................................................. 7
3.1.4 Restrictions ........................................................................................................... 7
3.1.5 Disconnecting ....................................................................................................... 7

3.2 In-bound Calls (GSM-Network Î Telephone System) ............................. 8


3.2.1 The Busy State ..................................................................................................... 8
3.2.2 Disconnecting ....................................................................................................... 8

3.3 Preferred Direct Dial-in ...................................................................................... 9


3.3.1 Setting the Preferred Extension .............................................................................. 9
3.3.2 Time-dependent Automatic Dial-In .......................................................................... 9

4 Installation ....................................................................................... 10
4.1 Analog Trunk Line Type Installation ............................................................ 10
4.2 Analog Extension Type Installation ............................................................. 11
4.3 Completing the Installation............................................................................. 11
4.4 Changing the Set-up ......................................................................................... 11
4.5 Auxiliary Set-up Access .................................................................................. 12
4.6 Password .............................................................................................................. 12
4.7 First Steps and parameter settings .............................................................. 12
4.7.1 Selection of the installation mode .......................................................................... 12
4.7.2 PIN code ............................................................................................................ 12

5 Routing Service .............................................................................. 13


5.1 Network Access and Function List .............................................................. 13
5.2 The Provider List................................................................................................ 15
5.3 Telephone Charge Pulse / Advice of Charge (AOC) ............................... 15

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6 Direct Dialling / Call Diversion....................................................... 16


6.1 Direct Dialling with Trunk Line Type Installation ..................................... 16
6.1.1 Setting the Target Number ................................................................................... 16
6.1.2 Deleting the Target Number ................................................................................. 16
6.1.3 Activating Direct Dialling....................................................................................... 16
6.1.4 Deactivating Direct Dialling ................................................................................... 16

6.2 Direct Dialling in the Router Mode ............................................................... 16


6.3 Call Diversion in the Router Mode................................................................ 17
6.3.1 Setting the Target Number ................................................................................... 17
6.3.2 Deleting the Target Number ................................................................................. 17
6.3.3 Activating a Type 1 Call Diversion ......................................................................... 17
6.3.4 Activating a Type 2 Call Diversion ......................................................................... 17
6.3.5 Deactivating the Call Diversion ............................................................................. 17

6.4 Testing Call Diversion and Direct Dialling ................................................. 18


6.5 Deactivating all diversions.................................................................................... 18
6.6 Flash to the office .................................................................................................. 18
7 The Calling Line Identification Presentation (CLIP) Feature ... 19
8 PC-Data and PC-FAX ..................................................................... 19
9 Remote Servicing .......................................................................... 20
9.1 Setting the Service Number ............................................................................ 20
9.2 Deleting the Service Number ......................................................................... 20
9.3 Changing the Configuration ........................................................................... 20
10 Signal Quality ................................................................................. 21
10.1 Monitoring Signal Quality with the PC..................................................... 21
10.2 Monitoring Signal Quality via SMS ........................................................... 22
10.2.1 Setting the SMS Phone Number ........................................................................... 22
10.2.2 Deleting the SMS Phone Number ......................................................................... 22
10.2.3 SMS Service Center Number ................................................................................ 22
10.2.4 Deleting the SMS Service Center Number ............................................................. 22

11 Notes Regarding Installation ....................................................... 23


12 Technical Data ............................................................................... 24
12.1 Trunk Line Type .............................................................................................. 24
12.2 Analog Extension Type ................................................................................ 25
12.3 General Data .................................................................................................... 26
12.4 Pin Assignment of the Modular Jack Pins ............................................. 26
Appendix A: The Menu Table ...................................................................................... 27
Appendix B: Network Codes .......................................................................................... 32

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1 Description of Device
The coM.sat Analogue Gateway mobile communications adapter establishes a transition from the
fixed line to the GSM cellular network. This way calls from the fixed line telephone system to the GSM
network (and vice versa) are possible without incurring the network operators' costly interconnection
charges
The operation of the coM.sat Analogue Gateway requires a small plug-in card, specifically a SIM card
(subscriber identity module card).
Depending on the SIM card utilised, access to either the GSM 900 or GSM 1800 networks is possible.

Using the integrated serial interface it is possible to send and receive PC-data as well as PC-FAX. It is
not possible, however, to operate modems or FAX machines via the two-wire telephone line.

There are two different ways of using the device with the local telephone system. As a standard trunk
line, whereby the coM.sat Analogue Gateway is connected to the analogue trunk module of the
telephone system. Or as an extension to the telephone system as a called/calling subscriber.

RS232 SIM card LED


interface status display
Fig. 1: Front panel

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1.1 The LED Status Indicators

Signal GSM LED Active LED Power-LED


green yellow red
off ------------------- ------------------- power off

flashing quickly initialisation -------------------


-------------------
flashing slowly searching for network
------------------- -------------------
flashing alternately GSM-modem operation active -------------------
continuously on logged into network busy state power on

The rear panel features a bipolar connector for the external power supply (9V DC), as well as an SMB
connector (aerial) with an FME adapter for a dual-band antenna.
Two 6-pin modular jacks (PABX and Phone) allow for the connection to the telephone system.
Depending on the type of use, the device is either connected to the trunk line via the right-hand
modular jack (Phone) or it is used as an extension via the left-hand modular jack (PABX)

On power-up (or following a power outage) the device automatically initialises itself and automatically
logs into the designated GSM network. All programmed parameters are preserved.

Ex factory, the device is in installation mode.

'PABX' 'Phone' 'Aerial' 'DC 9V'


(operation as (subscriber line SMB connector power supply
extension) operation) with FME adapter

Fig. 2: Rear panel

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2 Trunk Line Type Operation


2.1 Out-bound Calls (Telephone System Î GSM-Network)
The internal subscriber seizes the trunk line the coM.sat Analog Gateway is connected to and
receives a dial tone. The device displays dialling readiness.

2.1.1 Dialling Procedure


Dialling is possible with DTMF (Dual Tone Multi Frequency) signals or pulse signals. The dialled
number is seen to be recognised and dialling to be completed after the defined dialling interval has
passed. If none has been set, dialling is completed 3 seconds after the last digit. If DTMF is used,
dialling may be completed by the '#' button. The number is then sent without waiting for the defined
interval. Any further dialling is ignored.

2.1.2 Restrictions
Out-bound calls can be disabled depending on the type of use. In order to use this feature, it must be
programmed (please refer to the chapter on installation as well as appendix A).

One- and two-digit numbers are not allowed. The subscriber instantly receives the number-
unobtainable tone.

2.1.3 The Busy State


The busy state of the 2-wire interface is displayed by the yellow LED (Active). The end of the busy
state is acoustically marked by the busy signal. The duration for which the dial and busy tone are
issued, are programmable. If these parameters haven't been set, these tones cease after 90 seconds.

2.1.4 Telephone Charge Display


The device is able to generate charge information with active out-bound calls. This information does
not originate from the network operator, it is generated artificially.

Adjustable parameters:

- Charge signal frequency 12kHz/16kHz


- Charge pulse width
- Interval between pulses

2.1.5 Disconnecting
When the handset is put down, the active call is disconnected instantly. If the call is ended by the
GSM subscriber, the busy signal is issued.

2.2 In-bound Calls (GSM-Network Î Telephone System)


An in-bound call is signalled by the ringing voltage, the coM.sat Analogue Gateway behaves like the
trunk.
If the trunk line port is busy, the GSM subscriber receives a call-not-accepted signal.
Signalling of rejected calls (e.g. busy signal or voice announcement) largely depends on the network
operator.

If the call is accepted by the internal telephone system, a voice connection is established.

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3 Analogue Extension Type Operation


3.1 Out-bound Calls (Telephone System Î GSM-Network)
3.1.1 Calling Signals
The internal telephone system subscriber dials the extension number the coM.sat Analogue Gateway
is connected to. The calling signal is recognised (indicated by yellow 'Active' LED) and the device
accepts the internal call.

3.1.2 The Busy State


The extension subscriber receives the internal dial tone, which indicates the device is ready to accept
dialling.
The busy state of the 2-wire port is indicated by the yellow 'Active' LED. The duration of the dial tone
issue is programmable. After the programmed time has passed, the 2-wire link is disconnected. If this
parameter hasn't been set, the loop is cut after 90 seconds.

3.1.3 Dialling Procedure


Now the extension subscriber can dial the number of the desired subscriber.
Note: In this mode (operation of the device as an extension) only DTMF dialling is possible!
The dialled number is seen to be recognised and dialling to be completed after the defined dialling
interval has passed. If none has been set, dialling is completed 3 seconds after the last digit. Dialling
may be completed by the '#' button. The number is the sent without waiting for the defined interval.
Any further dialling is ignored.

3.1.4 Restrictions
Out-bound calls can be disabled depending on the type of use. In order to use this feature, it must be
programmed (please refer to the chapter on installation and to appendix A).

One- and two-digit numbers are not allowed. The subscriber instantly receives the number-
unobtainable tone.

3.1.5 Disconnecting
When the handset is put down, the telephone system's busy tone is analysed. When it is recognised,
the 2-wire link is disconnected.

The number of times the busy signal is repeated (1 to 9 times) can be set in the installation menu (see
Menu Table in appendix A). If, for example, the PABX only issues 5 busy signals, the number of
repetitions should be set to 2 or 3.

If the call is ended by the GSM subscriber, the 2-wire link is disconnected instantly

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3.2 In-bound Calls (GSM-Network Î Telephone System)


3.2.1 The Busy State
When there is an in-bound call, the extension the coM.sat Analog Gateway is connected to is seized.
The busy state of the 2-wire interface is indicated by the yellow 'Active' LED.

If the connection cannot be established within 2 seconds, the GSM subscriber receives a call-not-
accepted signal. Signalling of disconnected calls (e.g. busy signal or voice announcement) largely
depends on the network operator.

If the busy state is active, the call is automatically accepted and the GSM subscriber receives the
telephone system's internal dial tone. An extension subscriber can be specifically reached by direct
dial-in of the desired extension number. The GSM cell-phone must be set to 'Send DTMF' in order to
use this feature. This is usually the case.

This connection is subject to telephone charges even though the telephone system issues a
dial tone. The caller is also charged if the system issues a busy signal for the desired
extension.

Using the '∗' button, the GSM subscriber can discontinue the call at any time and subsequently
establish a new connection to another extension within the same telephone system.

3.2.2 Disconnecting
When the handset is put down, the telephone system's busy tone is analysed. When it is recognised,
the 2-wire link is disconnected.

The number of times the busy signal is repeated (1 to 9 times) can be set in the installation menu (see
Menu Table in appendix A). If, for example, the PABX only issues 5 busy signals, the number of
repetitions should be set to 2 or 3.

If the call is ended by the GSM subscriber, the 2-wire link is disconnected instantly

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3.3 Preferred Direct Dial-in


Preferred dial-in enables a predefined internal subscriber (preferred extension) to be called either
immediately or after a predefined interval from the GSM network, if no further dialling takes place. The
preferred extension as well as the interval are programmable.

3.3.1 Setting the Preferred Extension


The extension number can only be set in the programming mode.
The input scheme is as follows:

**60*MaxTwentyFourDigits#

Up to 24 digits may be entered.

The extension number for call forwarding is deleted by the following input:

**60*0000#

This input can only be made in the programming mode

3.3.2 Time-dependent Automatic Dial-In


The preferred extension number is called after the set time if no other extension is chosen.
The time after which the call is automatically carried out can only be set in the programming mode.
The input scheme is as follows:

**61*1...9# 1..9 in seconds

During this time the GSM subscriber can dial the extension of his choice.

If the preferred extension is to be called immediately, the following input must be made:

**61*0# '0' represents 'no delay'

If the extension subscriber doesn't answer, or an incorrect number has been dialled, a new
direct dial-in can be initiated by entering the '*' key. The PABX issues a dial tone and a new
extension can be dialled.

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4 Installation
Ex factory the coM.sat Analogue Gateway is in set-up mode.

Connected devices (telephone, extension subscriber etc.) are automatically recognised.

The following features are programmable:

• Direction of calls (in-bound/out-bound)


• Dial interval
• Telephone charge pulse
• Ring frequency
• Timer for busy and dial tone
• Busy tone frequency

The features to be programmed can be looked up in appendix A: 'Menu Table'.


If no input is made within 60 seconds, the installation is restarted. To exit the installation mode, enter
the following sequence:

'* * #'

Any input made until this time is stored.


Parameters can also be changed during regular operation (see chapter 4.4).

4.1 Analogue Trunk Line Type Installation


The device must be programmed using a 2-wire analogue telephone that issues DTMF signals. The a-
and b-wires are the two centre pins in the 6-pin modular jack.

On connecting the power supply the green LED (GSM) flashes quickly. At the same time an attention
tone is audible in the phone's handset. This is the menu selection prompt. Input must be made using a
DTMF enabled telephone - preferably one with a display to monitor input.

The menu selection always begins with the starting sequence '∗∗' (asterisk twice). The green LED
goes out and the tone ceases. Now the menu item is entered. The menu item is concluded with '∗' and
the parameter (see menu table) of the chosen item can be input. The parameter and the specific menu
entry are finalised by '#'. If the menu item and parameter were entered correctly, a one-second
confirmation tone is issued after pressing the '#' button.

If input was not correct, a very high three-second tone is issued. In both cases the attention/set-up
tone is again issued and the device is ready for input.

Programmable parameters may be overwritten any number of times.

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4.2 Analogue Extension Type Installation


The device is connected to a DTMF-enabled analogue extension of the PABX.
The a- and b-wires are the two centre pins in the 6-pin modular jack.
The device is 'powered up' by connecting the power supply cable. The green LED flashes quickly after
the device's first power-up.

The extension is called and the call is automatically accepted by the coM.sat Analogue Gateway. The
caller receives a quickly pulsing attention tone. This is the menu selection prompt.
Input must be made using a DTMF enabled telephone - preferably one with a display to monitor input.

The following procedures are the same as with the trunk line type installation:

The menu selection always begins with the starting sequence '∗∗' (asterisk twice). The green LED
goes out and the tone ceases. Now the menu item is entered. The menu item is concluded with '∗' and
the parameter (see menu table) of the chosen item can be input. The parameter and the specific menu
entry are finalised by '#'. If the menu item and parameter were entered correctly, a one-second
confirmation tone is issued after pressing the '#' button.

If input was not correct, a very high three-second tone is issued. In both cases the attention/set-up
tone is again issued and the device is ready for input.

Programmable parameters may be overwritten any number of times.

4.3 Completing the Installation


The installation is completed with the '* * #' sequence.

If the device is in the analogue extension mode it automatically performs a restart.

If it is in trunk line mode the devise performs the restart after the handset has been put down.

4.4 Changing the Set-up


The installation mode can be invoked any time during regular operation. For this purpose the
password in the form of following scheme must be entered after the dial tone:

**Password#

If no password has been defined, the standard password is '0000' is (see chapter 4.6) and the access
sequence '**0000#' must be entered.
The installation mode is ended by inputting '* * #'. If no more inputs are made for a period of 60
seconds, all previous input is stored and the installation mode is automatically exited.

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4.5 Auxiliary Set-up Access


In case it is necessary to access the device when the programmed mode is unknown, an auxiliary or
emergency access is provided for. In this case the following procedure enables access to the
installation menu:

- Power off device and plug phone into right-hand modular jack ('Phone')
- Power on device Æ device is in trunk line mode
- enter password for the set-up (default password sequence is **0000#) and wait for the quick
set-up tone

Important Note:
Parameters changed during emergency access or primary installation only become effective
when the 'Conclude Programming Sequence '* * #' was entered to finalise the configuration.
To prevent from automatically returning to the emergency set-up after completion of
programming, it is necessary to place the handset in it's cradle for at least one second.

4.6 Password
It is possible to protect the installation menu with a password, thereby preventing unauthorised
persons from making changes to the set-up.

Attention:
If the password is lost, the device must be returned for servicing.
The password always consists of 4 digits. It can be programmed in the set-up mode using the
following input sequence:

**40*FourDigitPassword#

If no password has been set, the default password is '0000'.

4.7 First Steps and parameter settings


4.7.1 Selection of the installation mode
Please, enter the following sequence, if there is no password defined:

∗∗0000#

Please, wait for the programming tone and fast flashing green LED.

4.7.2 PIN code


The PIN code is only necessary, if the SIM card requests for the PIN. In the following example the PIN
is '1234':

∗∗10∗1234#

Please, see appendix A for more parameters.

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5 Routing Service
If the telephone system that is to be connected only provides one trunk line port, and this port is to be
reserved for the terrestrial trunk line, then the coM.sat Analogue Gateway can also be used as a
router. Outbound calls are then routed via the fixed or the mobile network depending on the number
dialled.
In order to do so, the fixed line (or the line to be used for routing) is connected to the a/b mode jack
('PABX') and the telephone system to the trunk line mode jack ('Phone').
Configurable network access numbers – for instance the GSM network operator identifier – enable the
device to recognise the respective access and the outgoing call is assigned to the fixed or mobile
network accordingly.

The Routing Service must be explicitly defined (please see the menu table).

The Routing Service is configured by two lists:

• Network access numbers and function


• Fixed line service providers

Formatie
1.1.1.1.1 Aufzählun
GSM

Formatie
Phone PABX 1.1.1.1.3 Aufzählun
PSTN

Fig. 3: Routing Service

5.1 Network Access and Function List


The network access number contains the initial (1 to maximally 8) digits of the number to be dialled. If
these correspond to the initial digits of an out-bound call's number, the network function defines
whether the call is routed via the GSM network or the fixed line. A network access number may be up
to 8 digits long. A few examples follow:

GSM Fixed
Network Network
0170 0621
0172 0190
0178 0800
0179 0700

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Programming takes place as follows:

∗∗7ii∗nnnn∗FP∗AOC#

ii: Two-digit index in Network Access Number list


nn: Network Access Number (up to 8 digits)
F: Function (0..2)
P: Provider, if F=2 (entry from list of fixed line service providers)
AOC: Telephone charge pulse interval (0..240)

The Function F defines the path of the out-going-call:

Function F Meaning
0 the number is rejected
1 out-bound calls routed to GSM network
2 out-bound calls routed to fixed network

It is possible to block certain network access points for out-bound calls, e.g. 0190, 00, 09 etc. To do
this, '0' must be entered as the function value. The caller is issued a number-unobtainable tone after
dialling.

Provider sets the prefix of the desired fixed network provider as a Provider List entry number (see
below).

Examples:

**732*0170*10*10#

The list's entry number 32 receives the following definition: All calls with the prefix 0170 are routed to
the GSM network (F=1). A telephone charge pulse is generated every 10 seconds.

**701*00351*23#

The list's first entry receives the following definition: All calls to Portugal (prefix 00351) are routed to
the fixed network. The network service provider entered as number 3 in the Provider List is to be used.
No telephone charge pulses will be generated.

Entries are parsed sequentially, beginning with entry number 1.

It is therefore important to pay attention to the structure of the list when editing it.

correct incorrect
**731*0171123*10*10# **731*0171*10*10#
**732*0171*10*20# **732*0171123*10*20#
In this case the number 0171/1234567 is Here the parser right away finds a match to the
charged with a 10 second interval and all other dialled number 0171/1234567 in list entry 31 –
numbers beginning with 0171 are charged with a and assigns a 10 second telephone charge pulse.
20 second interval. The following entry is not executed!

Important note:
Telephone numbers that aren't found in the Routing List are routed via the fixed network without a pre-
selected service provider. This means, the standard fixed network operator you are connected to is
used.

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5.2 The Provider List


The list may contain up to 9 entries. Provider may mean a certain network access or a prefix to the
dialled number. Each entry may contain u to 8 digits.

Example:

Input Sequence Index P Meaning


**750*01050# 1 Access using provider 01050
**751*01033# 2 Access using provider 01033
**752*0# 3 Subscriber line prefix
**753*0621# 4 area code as prefix
**754*0049# 5 country code prefix

5.3 Telephone Charge Pulse / Advice of Charge (AOC)


Telephone charge pulses are only generated for out-bound calls to the GSM mobile network.
Advice of charge is not provided for out-bound calls to the fixed network.

If the fixed network operator provides 12kHz or 16kHz charge pulses, these are transmitted unaltered.

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6 Direct Dialling / Call Diversion


6.1 Direct Dialling with Trunk Line Type Installation
In this mode a predefined number is dialled after lifting the handset off-hook, or rather after loop
formation on the 2-wire line, and after a specified interval has passed.
This interval matches the dialling interval (see the Menu Table in appendix A). If no dialling or entry is
made during this time, a connection to the predefined number is established.

The predefined number is set in the programming mode. Direct dialling of this number can be toggled
on and off during normal operation of the device.

6.1.1 Setting the Target Number


The telephone number that is the target of said diversion can only be set when the device is in
programming mode by entering the following sequence:

**80*CallDiversionTargetPhoneNumber#

The target phone number may consist of up to 24 digits.

6.1.2 Deleting the Target Number


The call diversion target telephone number is deleted in the device's programming mode using the
following sequence:

**80*0000#

6.1.3 Activating Direct Dialling


Direct dialling may be activated during normal operation using following sequence:

**80*1#

6.1.4 Deactivating Direct Dialling


Direct dialling may be deactivated during normal operation using following sequence:

**80*0#

6.2 Direct Dialling in the Router Mode


Direct dialling in the Router Mode is the as in chapter 6.1.

The routing table decides in which network the call will be routed.

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6.3 Call Diversion in the Router Mode


In the routing mode all in-bound calls from the fixed network are automatically diverted (re-routed) into
the GSM network.
For this purpose a phone number, to which calls are to be diverted to, is set in the programming mode.
Toggling diversion to this number on and off may then be done during normal operation of the device.

Two types of diversion may be applied to direct dialling:

6.3.1 Setting the Target Number


The telephone number that is the target of said diversion can only be set when the device is in
programming mode by entering the following sequence:

**81*CallDiversionTargetPhoneNumber#

The target phone number may consist of up to 24 digits.

6.3.2 Deleting the Target Number


The call diversion target telephone number is deleted in the device's programming mode using the
following sequence:

**81*0000#

6.3.3 Activating a Type 1 Call Diversion


The call originating from the fixed network call is accepted after the first ring signal, then the
programmed phone number in the GSM network is called. Telephone charges for the party calling
from the fixed network arise right away. The diversion may be activated during normal operation of the
device using the following sequence:

**81*1#

After input of this sequence the call diversion is active.

6.3.4 Activating a Type 2 Call Diversion


After the first ring signal the programmed phone number in the GSM network is called without
accepting the call from the fixed network.
Only if the GSM subscriber accepts the call, both parties become connected. This way charges for the
fixed network caller only arise if the call is accepted.
The diversion may be activated during normal operation of the device using the following sequence:

**81*2#

After input of this sequence the call diversion is active.

6.3.5 Deactivating the Call Diversion


Deactivation may also take place during normal operation by entering following sequence:

**81*0#

After input of this sequence the call diversion is off.

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6.4 Testing Call Diversion and Direct Dialling


A call diversion in the router mode or direct dialling in the trunk line mode can be tested by inputting
the following sequence:

**82*1# testing the diversion with **80*….#


**82*2# testing the diversion with **81*….#

A call to the programmed phone number is now made. Hanging up the phone disconnects the parties
or discontinues the connection build-up.
If the call diversion or direct dialling isn't activated, the dialling tone is issued again after a short pause.
If no number to be diverted to or directly dialled is set, an error signal is issued, again followed by the
dialling tone.

6.5 Deactivating all diversions

Deactivation of all diversions is only in the normal operation possible by entering following sequence:

**82*1#

6.6 Flash to the office

In the routing mode during an active call to the office a flash time up to 250ms will be transferred.

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7 The Calling Line Identification Presentation (CLIP) Feature


The coM.sat Analog Gateway can transmit the Calling line Identification Presentation originating from
the GSM network to CLIP-enabled terminal equipment. The transmission takes place between the first
and second ring signals, using an FSK modulation. This procedure complies with the ETS 300-659-1
standard.
The handoff of CLIP can only be activated from within the programming mode (see appendix A 'Menu
Table').

FSK
1. Ruf 2. Ruf

ca. 750ms ca. 540ms

Fig. 4: CLIP Transmission

8 PC-Data and PC-FAX


Via the two-wire line the coM.sat Analogue Gateway can only transmit voice calls. Data and or FAX
can be transmitted using the PC. For this purpose the PC is connected to the coM.sat Analogue
Gateway via it's serial (V.24/RS232) interface.
The device automatically detects an active serial port by analysing the DTR (Data Terminal Ready)
signal. It automatically disconnects any active call, deactivates the two-wire line and activates the PC-
Direct mode.
This mode is indicated by alternately flashing green and yellow LEDs.
Having created a direct connection, it is possible to establish a data link, send and receive FAX using
appropriate software installed on the PC. The application of such software shall not be discussed in
this document.

The fax or data link is disconnected by deactivating the DTR signal or removing the serial
cable. Following the disconnect the device will restart itself.

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9 Remote Servicing
A correctly installed coM.sat Analogue Gateway that is logged into a GSM network can be serviced
from a distance. It is possible to dial into the device to be serviced from an external place. It's
configuration can be changed after dial-up. Please notice that in order to communicate with the device
after dial-up, the external terminal equipment must be able to send DTMF signals. The external caller's
number is compared to the service number stored within the installation menu. Only if such a number
has been set and only if the comparison yields identical numbers is it possible to remote service the
device.

9.1 Setting the Service Number


The input sequence '**62*ServicePhoneNumber#' sets the Service telephone number.

Important:
The format that the network operator outputs must be known. If the operator transmits for instance
'+4962171481418', and the service number '062171481418' has been stored in the device, the
calling number is not recognised as valid.

Solution:
If one isn't sure of the mobile phone network operator's number format, then in this example the
following phone number should be input as the remote service phone number:
'4962171481418'. Since the comparison begins with the last number, the phone number is
recognised up to it's first digit (in this example '4').

Attention: the numbers used above are merely examples!

9.2 Deleting the Service Number


The input sequence '**62*0000#' deletes the Service telephone number.

9.3 Changing the Configuration


When the remote service calls the coM.sat Analogue Gateway, the call is automatically accepted after
validating the phone number and the service caller is issued an 'internal attention tone'. The caller can
now make changes to the configuration (see the chapter ‘Changing the Set up’).
If no input is made within 20 seconds, and the device is in trunk line mode, the terminal equipment
connected to the device is called. If the device is operated as an extension, the service caller receives
the PABX internal tone (providing no automatic direct dial-in has been set).

Important note:
It is not possible to change the PIN, delete the complete configuration information or to test the
signal quality in a remote service session.

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10 Signal Quality
A correctly installed coM.sat Analogue Gateway that is logged into a GSM network can report the size
of the field strength. This can be of importance, if it is operated in an area with poor GSM service
coverage or if it has been installed in an unfavourable location. The reception field strength can be
transmitted in two different ways. Either via the serial interface of a connected PC or by sending an
SMS to an external receiver. It is recommended to use the PC method during installation of the
device, to guarantee that a sufficient field strength is available at the device's or it's antenna's place of
installation. The SMS method can be recommended for the monitoring of the installation location. In
this case a SMS is sent when the signal quality falls below the defined threshold twice in a row.
The SMS sent only once, even if the signal strength continues to fluctuate below the threshold. Only
when the threshold has been passed once again in the upward direction, is a new SMS sent when the
levels fall below the threshold anew.

10.1 Monitoring Signal Quality with the PC


To measure the level of the signal quality, a PC is connected to the device by the serial interface. The
serial interface is set to the 'Trace Mode' in the device (see appendix A, 'Menu Table'). A terminal
program is invoked on the PC and the user must set up the serial interface as follows:

19200 Baud; 8N1

Then the input sequence '**33#' is entered using the key pad of the telephone connected to the
coM.sat Analogue Gateway.
This leads to an output similar to the following on the PC's monitor:

AT+COPS?

+COPS: 0,0,'Vodafone D2'

OK

---------------------------------------

Signal strength: -71dBm

---------------------------------------
AT+CSQ

+CSQ: 26,99

OK

The following table rates the levels of signal quality:

level (-dBm) quality


51-60 very good
61-70 good
71-80 satisfactory
81-90 sufficient
91-99 poor

The place of installation or the location of the antenna should be scrutinised if the signal strength is
lower than -80 dB, in order to find a solution that guarantees a good connection at any time.

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10.2 Monitoring Signal Quality via SMS


If the monitoring of the signal field strength should take place during normal operation, sending an
SMS when the level threshold is under-run provides a solution. A telephone number that can receive
SMS in such a case must be stored in the device for this purpose.
The format of the text sent looks like this, for example:

'Signal level too low (-69dBm)'

10.2.1 Setting the SMS Phone Number


The telephone number that is to receive the SMS is set with the input sequence

'**64*PhoneNumberToReceiveSMS#'

10.2.2 Deleting the SMS Phone Number


The programmed SMS phone number is deleted with the input sequence

'**64*0000#'.

10.2.3 SMS Service Centre Number


In order to send an SMS, a service centre number (SC number) is required.
The SC number of the mobile phone network operator is set with the input sequence

'**65*SC-NumberOfGSM-NetOperator#'.

10.2.4 Deleting the SMS Service Centre Number


The programmed SMS Service Centre number is deleted with the input sequence

'**65*0000#'.

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11 Notes Regarding Installation


The length of the telephone cable should not exceed 100m. Should longer cables be necessary, the
use of shielded cables is recommended to prevent the influence of stray radiation.

The antenna cable must have a line resistance of 50 Ohm and the length of the cable to the GSM
antenna should be as short as possible.
A small magnet-base antenna with 3dB gain is sufficient for areas with good GSM coverage. In areas
with poor service it is advisable to use a directional aerial with about 8dB gain.

When using more than one coM.sat Analogue Gateways the antennas must be installed outside of at
least 1 metre's distance from one another.

Special directional couplers (power splitter) may greatly reduce the number of necessary antennas.
Four coM.sat Analogue Gateways may for instance be operated on a single directional aerial (4-way
coupler).

Information regarding the location of the nearest base station and service area coverage is obtainable
from the relevant GSM network operators.

Due to the useful radiation (stray radiation regarding other electronic devices) of the GSM
network it is advisable to keep at least 1 metre distance between the GSM antenna and
electronic equipment.

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12 Technical Data
12.1 Trunk Line Type
Ringing Voltage Generator
Pulse duration t = 1000msec +/- 10%
Interval t = 4000msec +/- 10%
Direct component programmable (UDC = 0V or UDC = 40V)
Ringing frequency (programmable) 25Hz/50Hz +/- 2,5%
Ringing Voltage UR = 48Veff (idle mode)
UR = 48Veff at 20kΩ
UR = 48Veff at 2kΩ

Switched Loop Generator


Switched loop IS = 24mA +/- 10% at RS ≤ 540Ω
Loop voltage US = 48V +/- 10% at RS ≥ 20kΩ
Loop break for t ≥ 250msec handset is on hook
Switched loop recognition for t ≥ 250msec handset is off hook

Dial Tone
Type continuous
Frequency f = 425Hz +/- 2Hz
Level p = -8,50dB(950mV)
Distortion k = 0,8%

Busy Tone
Type pulsed
Frequency f = 425Hz +/- 2Hz
Tact pulse: t = 500msec +/- 10%
interval: t = 500msec +/- 10%
or pulse: t = 200msec +/- 10%
interval: t = 200msec +/- 10%

Level p = -8,50dB(950mV)
Distortion k = 0,8%

Number-Unobtainable Tone
Type three consecutive tones followed by interval:
Frequency f = 950Hz +/- 2Hz
followed by f = 1400Hz +/- 2Hz
followed by f = 1800Hz +/- 2Hz

Tact every tone: t= 300msec +/- 10%


interval: t = 1000msec +/- 10%
Level p = -5,00dB(950mV)
Distortion k = 0,8%

Telephone Charge Pulse


Frequency (adjustable) f = 16kHz +/- 14Hz
or f = 12kHz +/- +/- 14Hz
Pulse duration (adjustable in 10msec-steps) 100ms ≤ t ≤ 990ms +/-10ms
Interval (adjustable in 1sec.-steps) 1sec. ≤ t ≤ 99 sec..
Slew rate 4,5ms +/-10%
Level p = +2,35dB at ZR (950mV)
Distortion k = 1,2%

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Dialling Method
Automatic recognition (bilingual) pulsed signal, DTMF signal

Pulse-Decoder
Pulse duration 51ms ≤ t ≤ 72ms
Interval 31ms ≤ t ≤ 48ms
Dial interval (adjustable) 680ms ≤ t ≤ T
with: 3 sec. ≤ T ≤ 9 sec.

DTMF Decoder
Input level range -29,0dBm ≤ p ≤ -2,0dBm
Character duration t ≥ 40 ms
Dial interval 80 ms ≤ t ≤ T
with: 3 sec. ≤ T ≤ 99 sec.
Tolerable frequency deviation min. = +/- 1,8%; max. = +/-4,5%

Tones will not be recognised if the frequency deviation reaches +/-4,5%.

12.2 Analogue Extension Type

Ring impedance RR = 2,2 kΩ in line with CR = 470nF


⎢Z ⎢ = 14kΩ at 25Hz
⎢Z ⎢ = 7kΩ at 50Hz
Ring recognition
Recognition time loop is closed after two rings at most

Busy Tone Recognition


Frequencies 400, 425, 440 and 450Hz, 350+440,
400+450 and 440+480Hz

DTMF Decoder
Input level range -29,0dBm ≤ p ≤ -2,0dBm
Character duration t ≥ 40 ms
Dial interval 80 ms ≤ t ≤ T
with: 3 sec. ≤ T ≤ 99 sec.
Tolerable frequency deviation min. = +/- 1,8%; max. = +/-4,5%

Tones will not be recognised if the frequency deviation reaches +/-4,5%.

Switched Loop
DC resistance RS = 325 Ohm (at IS = 28,0mA)
Tolerable switched loop 20mA ≤ IS ≤ 60mA
Disconnection IS ≤ 15mA

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12.3 General Data


Power Supply

Standard 9VDC power supply (wall mount mains adapter 9VDC/1,6A provided)
Quiescent state, logged into GSM network I = 140mA (averaged)
Operating state I = 400mA

Maximum Voltage Supplied 16VDC


Quiescent state, logged into GSM network I = 100mA (averaged)
Operating state I = 250mA

Antenna
Transmitting power max. 2 W an 50 Ω
Coupling SMB jack

12.4 Pin Assignment of the Modular Jack Pins


6-pin modular jack: a- and b-wire at the two centre pins

3 4
1 free
2 5 2 free
3 a
1 6
4 b
5 free
6 free

Fig. 6: Modular Jack Pin Assignment

Installation/technical support

Hotline: +49 (0)621 71 48 14 - 44

coM.sat AG

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Appendix A: The Menu Table

During the first installation the user automatically is in the programming mode.
For any later changes to the parameters the programming mode is only accessible after entering a password in the form
**PASSWORD #.
Example: The password has been set to1234 with the set password sequence:**40*1234 #. In this case, to enter the password, the sequence
**1234 # must be entered.
If no password has been set, the programming mode is accessed with **0000 #.
Menu Parameter Meaning Default
* * 04 * old PIN * new PIN * new PIN # change the SIM card's PIN -------
* * 05 * PUK * new PIN * new PIN # unlock SIM card that is locked due to multiple incorrect PIN entry with PUK -------
* * 06 * PH SIM PUK # unlock locked device code with PH SIM PUK -------

∗ ∗ 10 ∗ N1 N2 .....N8 # 4-8 digit PIN of SIM card may not be necessary depending on SIM card -------
∗ ∗ 11 ∗ N # N=0 in-bound calls disabled
N=1 in-bound calls enabled µ
∗ ∗ 12 ∗ N # N=0 out-bound calls disabled
N=1 out-bound calls enabled µ
∗ ∗ 13 ∗ N # N=0 connected line identification presentation deactivated (suppressed)
N=1 connected line identification presentation activated µ
N=0 analog extension mode activated -----
∗ ∗ 14 ∗ N # N=1 trunk line mode activated
N=3 routing mode activated -----
∗ ∗ 15 ∗ N # N=0 PC-direct (PC is directly connected to the GSM module) µ
N=1 trace function for analysis
∗ ∗ 16 ∗ N # N=0 set GSM module to factory settings µ
∗ ∗ 17 ∗ N # N=0 Ring signal without DC-Offset µ
N=1 Ring signal with DC-Offset

∗ ∗ 20 ∗ N # N = 0 ... 9 dial timeout in seconds 5


∗ ∗ 22 ∗ N # N=0 charge pulse frequency f = 12kHz
N=1 charge pulse frequency f = 16kHz µ
∗ ∗ 23 ∗ N1 N2 # N = 100 .... 990 charge pulse duration in milliseconds (value must be 3-digit and in 10 msec. 250
increments!)
∗ ∗ 26 ∗ N1 N2 # N = 0 .... 99 charge pulse interval in seconds for GSM 0
0 = no charge pulse (aus)
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∗ ∗ 30 ∗ N # N=0 ringing voltage frequency f = 50Hz


N=1 ringing voltage frequency f = 25Hz µ
∗ ∗ 31 ∗ N # N=0 no alerting tone until connection is active µ
N=1 dial alerting until connection is active
∗ ∗ 32 ∗ N1 [N2] # N = 0 ... 15 receive volume (from GSM network) 5
∗ ∗ 33 ∗ N1 [N2] # N= 0 ... 15 sending volume (to GSM network) 5
∗ ∗ 34 ∗ N # N=0 busy tone interval with pulse/pause = 200 msec
N=1 busy tone interval with pulse/pause = 500 msec µ
∗ ∗ 35 ∗ N # N=0 Line Polarity Reversal deactivated µ
N=1 Line Polarity Reversal activated
∗ ∗ 36 ∗ N # N=0 caller ID (deliver CLIP from the GSM-Network) is deactivated µ
N=1 caller ID (deliver CLIP from the GSM-Network) is activated
∗ ∗ 37 ∗ N # N=0 call progress tone from GSM-Module is deactivated µ
N=1 call progress tone from GSM-Module is activated
∗ ∗ 38 ∗ N # N= 1... 9 number of busy tone cycles to recognise the busy tone (only in extension mode 5
possible)

∗ ∗ 40 ∗ N1...N4 # N = 0 ... 9 define password; prevents unauthorised access; always 4 digits -----
∗ ∗ 40 ∗ 0 0 0 0 0 # N1 .... N5 = 0 delete password -----
∗ ∗ 41 ∗ N1...N5 # N= 0 ... 9 Net-Lock: 5-digit Network Operator Code -----
∗ ∗ 41 ∗ 0 0 0 0 0 # N= 0 delete Net-Lock -----
∗ ∗ 42 ∗ N1 ...N4 # N= 0 ... 9 activate SIM-Lock; password is 4-digit (N1...N4) -----
∗ ∗ 43 ∗ N1 ...N4 # N= 0 ... 9 deactivate SIM-Lock; password is 4-digit (N1...N4) -----

∗ ∗ 50 ∗ N1 N2 # N = 0 .... 99 dial tone time-out in seconds 90


0 = no dial tone
∗ ∗ 51 ∗ N1 N2 # N = 0 .... 99 busy tone time-out in seconds 90
0 = no busy tone
* * 52 * N1 N2 # N = 0 .... 99 feed gap after disconnect in 10msec -steps 0
0 = no feed gap

∗ ∗ 60 ∗ max. 24 digits # DDI digits max. 24 number to be automatically dialled in when user doesn't dial within DDI interval -----
∗ ∗ 60 ∗ 0 0 0 0 # delete DDI phone number -----
∗ ∗ 61 ∗ N # N = 1 .... 9 DDI time out in seconds for direct dialling-in 0
0 = no DDI
∗ ∗ 62 ∗ max. 24 digits..# remote service calling number authorised to execute remote service -----

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∗ ∗ 62 ∗ 0 0 0 0 # delete service number -----
∗ ∗ 63 ∗ N1 N2 # N = 51 .... 99 low signal strength threshold -----
∗ ∗ 63 ∗ 0 0 0 0 # delete low signal strength threshold -----
∗ ∗ 64 ∗ max. 24 digits..# SMS phone number telephone number to receive SMS when signal strength threshold is under-run -----
∗ ∗ 64 ∗ 0 0 0 0 # delete SMS phone number -----
∗ ∗ 65 ∗ max. 24 digits..# SC number Service-Centre number of mobile network operator -----
∗ ∗ 65 ∗ 0 0 0 0 # delete Service-Centre number of mobile network operator -----

∗ ∗ 701 ∗ N1...N8 ∗ F P ∗ AOC # 701 is the first of the network


access number entries
……………………
th
∗ ∗ 740 ∗ N1...N8 ∗ F P ∗ AOC # 740 is the 40 entry

N = Prefix (network access number)


max. 8 digits

F = Function 1 digit 0..9 Function F


Function F Provider P Meaning
0 no Inputs out-bound calls will be
(without provider) rejected
1 any inputs out-bound calls to GSM
(no influence)
2 x = selection of the out-bound calls to PSTN
provider from the list
(max. 9) for the PSTN
3 x = selection of the out-bound calls to GSM
provider from the list If no GSM is available
(max. 9) for the PSTN, if then route via PSTN
no GSM is available.
4 x = selection of the out-bound calls to PSTN If
provider from the list PSTN is not available
(max. 9) for the PSTN then route via GSM

P = Provider 1 digit 0..9 List of the providers (see menu **75x*…)


Provider-List x Meaning
0 no provider
1 provider 1
...
9 provider 9

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AOC = Advice Of Charge max. 3 digits AOC (only for GSM connections)
0...240 AOC Meaning
0 no AOC
N1 N2 N3 AOC in sec. (max. 240sec)

∗ ∗ 701 ∗ 0 # 1. entry delete access number at the respective position -----


....

∗ ∗ 740 ∗ 0 #
40. entries
∗ ∗ 75x ∗ N1....N8 # x = Provider List index of the Provider List -----
provider x = 1.....9 (751....759)
up to 9 providers may be entered
up to 8 digits per provider entry
∗ ∗ 75x ∗ 0 0 0 0 # x = Provider List index of the delete entry at position x of the Provider List -----
provider

∗ ∗ 80 ∗ max. 24 digits..# call diversion 'follow me' max. fixed call diversion 'follow me' from the fixed network to the GSM network -----
24
∗ ∗ 80 ∗ 0 0 0 0 # delete call diversion -----
N=0 deactivate 'follow me' call diversion µ
∗ ∗ 81 ∗ N # N = 1,2 activate 'follow me' call diversion type 1 and 2
∗ ∗ 82 # test 'follow me' call diversion (test call)

N= 0 delete set-up information in the EEPROM


∗ ∗ 999 ∗N # N= 1 delete list of net access numbers
N= 2 delete list of providers
∗∗# --- complete the installation (only necessary after the primary installation and emergency -------
entry)

Important:
After the first installation, programming must be completed using the following sequence to validate the installation data:

* * #

A long acknowledgement tone is issued after this entry, after which the green LED goes out. Programming is hereby completed and the handset must be hung
up.
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The preceding sequence is no longer necessary for any following parameter changes.
The programming is completed alone by hanging up the handset.

The device executes an automatic restart so that the changes become effective. Please wait until the green LED is on before making a new call.

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Appendix B: Network Codes


27601 Albania, AMC 5300 New-Zealand, Vodafone
50502 Australia, Optus 24201 Norway, TelenorMobil
50501 Australia, Telstra 24202 Norway, Netcom
23201 Austria, Mobilkom 64901 Namabia, MTC
23203 Austria, Max Mobil 42202 Oman, GTO
23205 Austria, Connect 41001 Pakistan, Mobilink
40001 Azerbaijan, Azercell 51501 Philippines, ISLACOM
42601 Bahrain, Batelco 26806 Portugal, TMN
20601 Belgium, Belgacom Mobile 26801 Portugal, TELECEL
20610 Belgium, Mobistar 26001 Poland, Polkomtel
52811 Brunei, DST Communication 26002 Poland, PTC
28401 Bulgaria, MobilTel AD 26003 Poland, Center-Tel
30237 Canada, Microcell Connexion 22610 Romania, Mobilrom
28001 Cyprus, Cyprus Telecom 22601 Romania, Mobilrom
23002 Czech Republic, Eurotel Praha 25001 Russia, MTS
23001 Czech Republic, Radio Mobile 25002 Russia, North-West GSM
23801 Denmark, Tele Danmark Mobil 25044 Russia, StavTeleSot
23802 Denmark, Sonofon 42701 Qatar, Q-Tel
60201 Egypt, Telecom Egypt 42001 Saudi Arabia, Saudi Telecom Co.
60202 Egypt, MisrFone 42007 Saudi Arabia, EAE Al-Jawwal
24803 Estonia, Ritabell 63301 Seychelles, Cable & Wireless
24801 Estonia, Estonia Mobil Telephon 63310 Seychelles, Telecom Sechelles
24491 Finland, Telecom Finland 52501 Singapore, Singapore Telecom
24405 Finland, Radolinja 52503 Singapore, Mobileone
20810 France, SFR 52502 Singapore, SINGTEL
20801 France, France Telecom 41302 Sri Lanka, Sri Dialog
26201 Germany, DeTe Mobil 65501 South Africa, Vodacom
26202 Germany, Vodafone 65510 South Africa, MTN
26203 Germany, E-PLUS 23101 Slovak Republic, Globtel
26207 Germany, O2 23102 Slovak Republic, Eurotel
26601 Gibralter, Gibtel 29341 Slovania, Mobitel d.d.
28205 Georgia, Geocell 21407 Spain, Telefonica Movil
28202 Georgia, Magticom 21401 Spain, Airtel
20205 Greece, Panafon 63401 Sudan, Mobitel
20210 Greece, Stet Hellas 24001 Sweden, Telia Mobitel
20201 Greece, Cosmote 24007 Sweden, Comviq
23455 Guernsey, Guernsey Telecoms 24008 Sweden, Europolitan
45406 Hongkong, Smartone 22801 Switzerland, Swiss Telecom
45400 Hongkong, CSL 46601 Taiwan, Far Eastone
45404 Hongkong, Hutchison 46697 Taiwan, PCC
45416 Hongkong, MCL 46688 Taiwan, KG Telecom
21630 Hungary, Westel 600 46692 Taiwan, Chunghwa telecom
27401 Iceland, Landssiminn 46693 Taiwan, Mobi Tai
51010 Indonesia, Telkomsel 64001 Tanzania, Tritel
51001 Indonesia, Satelindo 52001 Thailand, AIS
40410 India, AIRTEL 60502 Tunisia, Tunisia Telecom
40421 India, BPL 28601 Turkey, TurkCell
40420 India, Max Touch 28602 Turkey, Telsim
40411 India, SterlingCellular 25501 Ukraine, UMC
40430 India, UMTL 23410 U.K., Cellnet
40405 India, FASCEL 23415 U.K., Vodafone
40470 India, Hexacom 23433 U.K., Orange
40440 India, SKYCELL 24330 U.K., One 2 One
40441 India, RPG Cellular 31016 U.S.A, OmniPoint
40407 India, TATA Cellular 64801 Zimbabwe, NetOne
40445 India, JTM
40431 India, MODI Telstra
27201 Ireland, Eircell
22201 Italy, Telecom Italia
22210 Italy, OMNITEL
23458 Isle of Man, Manx Telecom
23450 Jersey (U.K.), Jersey Telecom
41601 Jordan, FastLink
40101 Kazakhstan, KAR-TEL
40102 Kazakhstan, K'CELL
41902 Kuwait, MTC
24701 Latvia, Latvian Mobile Tel Co.
24702 Latvia, Battcom GSM
41503 Lebanon, LibanCell
41501 Lebanon, FTML
24602 Lithuania, Mobilos Telekom.
24601 Lithuania, OMNITEL
27101 Luxemburg, P & T Luxemburg
50212 Malaysia, Maxis
50219 Malaysia, CELCOM
61701 Mauritius, CELLPLUS
60401 Morocco, IAM

45501 Macau, CTM


17801 Malta, Vodafone
20408 Netherlands, BenNetherland BV
20404 Netherlands, Libertel

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