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A short paragraph about Climate Change

Climate Change is the most discussed issue in the present world and it attracts the attention of all
walks of people in locally and globally. Environmental scientists and activists are mostly
concerned about the rapid changes of climate. The climate is weather averaged over a long period
of time typically 25 to 30 years in a particular area.

According to the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) definition, Climate in a


narrow sense is usually defined as the “average weather” or more rigorously as the statistical
description in terms of the mean and variability of relevant quantities over a period of time
ranging from months and thousands or millions of years. The parameters that determine the
climate at a particular area are the rainfall, humidity, wind, sunshine and temperature. Definition
of Climate Change in Oxford Dictionary is as “changes in the earth’s weather, including changes
in temperature, wind patterns and rainfall, especially the increase in the temperature of the earth’s
atmosphere that is caused by the increase of particular gases, especially carbon dioxide”.
Generally Climate change refers to long term changes in climate including average temperature
and precipitation. Earth’s climate is changing and this is causing great concern. The changes place
in the atmosphere have become one of the serious threats that world faces today.

Mostly human activities are responsible for climate change. Human induced activities are burning
of fossil fuel, deforestation, leading of luxurious life, industrial activities etc. These activities
enhance the emission of greenhouse gases (methane, carbon-di-oxide, sulfur-di-oxide etc.).
Greenhouse gases emission to an extent that nature system is now not able to assimilate these
gases. As a result the earth becomes warm and increases temperature, rate of melting of snow and
ice in polar region. Serious consequences will be a rise in sea levels, which will endanger coastal
areas and small islands.

Climate change has started endangering biodiversity, food and fresh water supply, impacting
human health worldwide, especially in developing countries like Bangladesh due to low adaptive
capacity. Mass awareness about environment and contribution of international community in
reducing greenhouse gas emission can lessen the devastating change of climate.