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1. Climates that are cold year round are ______________.

a. Tropical b. Polar c. Temperate d. Dry
2. Which of the following BEST describes climate?
a. The weather that occurs in the atmosphere within a day
b. The pattern of weather that occurs in a region over a long period of time
c. The pattern of weather that occurs in a region over a short period of time
d. The disturbance in the atmosphere that happens in along period.
3. What two major factors are usually used to classify climates?
a. Precipitation and altitude c. Temperature and Precipitation
b. Temperature and air pressure d. Air pressure and Humidity
4. Which side of the mountain often receives the most precipitation?
a. leeward side b. windward side c. rain shadow d. peak
5. Which of these is NOT a factor in determining climate?
a. altitude b. topography c. astrology d. latitude
6. Climates that are warm in summer and cold in winter are
a. tropical b. temperate c. dry d. polar
7. City A is surrounded by bodies of water and has a moderate climate. It is located near the equator. What will most likely
affect the climate of the city?
a. Latitude b. Topography c. Altitude d.all of these
8. Which of the following can cause global warming?
a. Volcanic eruptions c. The rising of warm air into the atmosphere
b. The amount of the rainfall d. Increase of the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere
9. Why do winds and currents move in curved path?
a. the Coriolis effect c. upwelling
b. El Nino d. tides

Study the table below; World City Temperatures


Cairo 74.1 31 22
Denver 1609.3 7 -3
Manila 13.1 30 26
Vienna 19.1 -1 -6

10. Based on the table, which city had the warm air temperature?
a. Cairo b. Denver c. Manila d. Vienna
11. What factor do you think is the cause of low temperature in Vienna City?
a. Altitude b. Latitude c. Topography d. Bodies of water
12. How does the windward side differ from the leeward side of a high land?
a. The windward receives more precipitation than the leeward
b. The leeward side has more vegetation than the windward side
c. The windward side receives more heat than the leeward side
d. The leeward side receives more precipitation than the windward side

13. Why are the coldest places on earth found at the poles?
a. Great amount of gaseous particles trap heat from the surface
b. Great amount of thermal radiation is received by these areas
c. Less amount of thermal radiation is received by these areas
d. Less amount of gaseous particles trap heat from the surface.
14. Why do mountain climbers bring thick jackets when they go up the mountain?
a. The temperature increases as the altitude increases.
b. The temperature decreases as the altitude increases.
c. The altitude increases as the temperature increases.
d. The altitude decreases as the temperature increases.
15. Why do places at the same latitude but different altitudes have different climate?
a. Amount of heat received varies.
b. Amount of precipitation differs.
c. Higher altitudes have lower temperature
d. Higher altitudes have higher temperature
16. Certain gases in the atmosphere-water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide-help maintain the Earth’s
temperatures and climate. These are called:___________________
a. ozone gases b. solar gases c. greenhouse gases d. stomach gases
17. Which of the following might happen due to global warming?
a. melting polar ice caps c. more reflected sunlight off the ice pack
b. lower sea levels d. volcanic eruption
18. Which of the following human activities does NOT release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere?
a. burning fossil fuels b. fishing c. deforestation d. driving
19. El Nino is the _______ of the eastern Pacific Ocean and La Nina is ________
a. natural warming, natural cooling c. unusual warming, unusual cooling
b. unusual warming, natural cooling d. natural warming, unusual cooling
20. What will happen to sea level if the climate becomes warmer?
a. rise, both because of ice melting and because of water expanding when it gets warmer
b. rise, because of glaciers and ice sheets melting
c. fall, because hot water evaporates faster
d. rise, because water expands when it gets warmer
21. Which of the following is the reason for earth’s climate?
1. changing amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
2. continental drift
3. breaking of land masses
4. changing amount of oxygen in the atmosphere
a. 1 and 2 b. 2only c. 1 only d. 1,2,3,and 4
22. Which of the following ideas can help explain why Antarctica used to have a much warm climate now?
a. Green House Effect. At some times in the past there was more carbon dioxide in the atmosphere than there is now
b. Both continental drift and changing amount of carbon dioxide
c. neither continental drift nor changing amounts of carbon dioxide
d. continental Drift. Antarctica used to be closer to the Equator instead of the South Pol

For questions 23-24, use the table below that presents information about stars A, B, C, and D.

Star Color
A Red
B Yellow
C White
D Blue

23. Which star is the hottest?

a. A c. C
b. B d. D
24. Which star is very similar to our Sun?
a. A c. C
b. B d. D

25. Which of the following is used to determine the stars temperature?

a. brightness b. density c. color d. mass
26. Which constellation is prominently seen in the sky during summer?
a. Orion b. Pegasus c. Hercules d. Virgo
27. Based on apparent magnitude, which of the following stars is the brightest?
a. Alpha Centauri b. Betelgeuse c. Rigel d. Sirius

28. The constellation Pisces changes position during a night, as shown in the diagram below

Which motion is mainly responsible for this change in position?

a. revolution of earth around the sun c. rotation of earth on its axis
b. revolution of pisces around the sun d. rotation of pisces on its axis
29. The constellation below represents the constellation Cygnus

Which statement best explains why Cygnus is visible to an observer in Manila in September but not in March?
a. Earth spins on its axis c. Earth orbits the sun
b. Cygnus spins on its axis d. Cygnus orbits the earth
30. How do we see stars due to earths spin?
a. Only at certain times of the year c. only at certain times of the month
b. remain the same location in the sky d. move during the night