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Detailed Lesson Plan in English 5

Prepared by: Aslima B. Kototan

l. OBJECTIVES

At the end of the class, the learners will be able to:

 Use complex sentences to show cause and effect relationship in a sentence

II. SUBJECT MATTER

a. Topic: Using Complex Sentences to Show Cause and Effect


b. References:

EN5G-IVf-1.9.1
https://www.teachercreated.com/lessons/71
c. Materials:

 Strips
 Pictures
 ICT
c. Process
 Observing and reflecting
d. Values Integration
 Understanding the importance of complex sentences that shows cause
and effect relationship that can be applied in a day to day living.
e. Unlocking of Terms
 Cause- something that produces an effect, result, or condition.
 Effect- a change that result when something is done or happens.
 Subordinate Conjunctions- a word that joins together sentences,
clauses, phrases or words.

III. LEARNING STRATEGY

Teacher Activity Student’s Activity


A. Pre-assessment
Let us all stand for the prayer. Our Father who art in heaven,
hallowed be thy name. Thy
kingdom come. Thy will be done,
on earth as it is in heaven. Give us
this day our daily bread; and
forgive us our trespasses, as we
forgive those who trespass against
us; and lead us not into temptation,
but deliver us from evil.

Good morning children. Good morning Ma’am Aslima.


Good morning classamates.
Welcome to Grade 5-Opal and
Mabuhay!

Who is absent this morning? None Ma’am.

Please pass your assignment in front. (Passing the assignment)


What was our topic last meeting? About the use of verbal and non-
verbal cues Ma’am.

What are verbal and non-verbal cues? Verbal cues use spoken language
while non-verbal cues use body
language, gestures, smile, etc.

Is there any questions regarding the (Student Response)


previous lesson? If none, so we can now
proceed to our new topic.

B. Motivation
The teacher will show a one and half
minute video of Sendong typhoon in
Iligan City to the class. The students
will observe and reflect what they have
seen in the video presented.
Typhoon Sendong Typhoon Sendong
https://youtu.be/30DwjC7tfHs https://youtu.be/30DwjC7tfHs

Based on the video presented a while The video showed when typhoon
ago, what have you observed? Sendong hits Iligan City.

What happens when typhoon Sendong There are heavy rains, floods and
hit in Iligan City? landslide that cause the destruction
of houses and killed thousands of
people.

Exactly, have you ever wondered why it Yes Ma’am.


happened?

What do you think are the causes of It is because people cut down trees
typhoon Sendong that it destroys and throw their trash everywhere.
houses, buildings and infrastructures
including the lives of many people?

I have here pictures. Describe what the


picture tells about.

An ice cube melting.

Why do you think it melted? Because it was being exposed to


the heat.

A girl accidentally stepped on her


untied shoelace.
What happened when she accidentally She throws the food on the tray.
stepped on her untied shoelace?
A cat playing a thread.

What happens when the cat played on It wraps on its body.


the thread?

C. Presentation of the Topic


The video and pictures that I have
presented shows that the cause
is why something happened. The cause
always happens first, even if it isn’t
mentioned first. The effect
is what happened and it occurs after the
cause.

But how can we use complex sentences A complex sentence is a sentence


to show cause and effect? What is a in which at least two ideas are
complex sentence? combined into a single sentence.

The two ideas could be expressed as two


separate sentences, but they are more
effectively expressed in a complex
sentence. In a complex sentence the two
ideas can be combined in a way that
shows their cause-and-effect
relationship.

How can we combine two ideas? By using subordinating


conjunctions.

These are examples of subordinating Examples of Subordinating


conjunctions: for, as, when, since, Conjunctions: for, as, when, since,
therefore, hence, as a result, therefore, hence, as a result,
consequently, though, due to, consequently, though, due to,
provided that, because of, unless, as a provided that, because of, unless,
result of, and so/so that. as a result of, and so/so that.
For example: Examples:
1. John made a rude comment, 1.John made a rude comment,
Cause Cause
so Elise hit him. so Elise hit him.
Effect Effect
2. There has been an increase in 2.There has been an increase in
greenhouse gases, greenhouse gases,
Cause Cause
therefore global warming is therefore global warming is
happening. happening.
Effect Effect
3. Betty completed each task 3.Betty completed each task
perfectly, perfectly,
Cause Cause
therefore she was promoted. therefore she was promoted.
Effect Effect
4. I learned to play the drums 4.I learned to play the drums
quickly quickly
Effect Effect
because I took lessons from a because I took lessons from a
pro. pro.
Cause Cause

D. Developmental Activity
Settings of Standard Settings of Standard
Discipline 5 Discipline 5
Teamwork 5 Teamwork 5
Time management 5 Time management 5
Correct answer 5 Correct answer 5
Total 20 Total 20

Cause and Effect: Matching Game


The teacher will divide the class into
four groups. Each group will be given a
three sentence strips that contains a
cause and three sentence strips on the
other containing the effect. The group
will match three pairs of their members
holding the sentence strips with the
exact cause and effect relationship.
When they’re done, they will share their
answers in front.
(Performing the activity in 5-10 mins.)
Group 1: Group 1:

 When water is heated, therefore the  When water is heated,


water boils. therefore the water boils.
 A tornado blew the roof off the  A tornado blew the roof off
house, and as a result, the family the house, and as a result, the
had to find another place to live. family had to find another
 Because the alarm was not set, we place to live.
were late for work.  Because the alarm was not set,
Group 2: we were late for work.
 Since school was canceled, we went Group 2:
to the mall.  Since school was canceled, we
 When the ocean is extremely went to the mall.
polluted, coral reefs die.  When the ocean is extremely
 The meal we ordered was cheaper polluted, coral reefs die.
than expected, so we ordered  The meal we ordered was
dessert. cheaper than expected, so we
Group 3: ordered dessert.
 Some believe dinosaurs died out Group 3:
because a large meteor hit the earth.  Some believe dinosaurs died
 I had to get the mop since I spilled out because a large meteor hit
my juice. the earth.
 Tsunamis happen due to the shift of  I had to get the mop since I
tectonic plates. spilled my juice.
Group 4:  Tsunamis happen due to the
 Fred was driving 75 in a 35 mile shift of tectonic plates.
zone, therefore he got a speeding Group 4:
ticket.  Fred was driving 75 in a 35
 Maria didn't follow the recipe mile zone, therefore he got a
correctly, so the cake did not come speeding ticket.
out as expected.  Maria didn't follow the recipe
 The weather forecast called for rain, correctly, so the cake did not
so he took his umbrella. come out as expected.
 The weather forecast called for
rain, so he took his umbrella.
E. Application
Why is it important to know the cause It is important to know the cause
and effect of a thing or situation? and effect of a situation because it
will explain what would or might
happen if we do certain actions.
Through this, we will be aware of
the consequences if we do good or
bad.

F. Generalization
What is complex sentence? A complex sentence is a sentence
in which at least two ideas are
combined into a single sentence.
What are the subordinate conjunctions? Examples of Subordinating
Conjunctions: for, as, when, since,
therefore, hence, as a result,
consequently, though, due to,
provided that, because of, unless,
as a result of, and so/so that.
It happens first, even if it isn’t Cause.
mentioned first.

It occurs after the cause. Effect.


Based on what we had discussed and to It is all about Using Complex
the activity you had, can you now tell Sentences to Show Cause and
what is our topic all about? Effect.
IV. Evaluation
Quiz for assessment
Write C below the underlined sentence Write C below the underlined
if it is a Cause and E below the sentence if it is a Cause and E
underlined sentence if it is an Effect. below the underlined sentence if it
1.Because of a price increase, is an Effect.
sales are down. 1.Because of a price increase,
sales are down.
2. The baby was crying,
so Dad picked him up. 2. The baby was crying,
so Dad picked him up.
3. The batter couldn't hit the softball
because he didn't keep his eyes on the 3. The batter couldn't hit the
ball. softball
because he didn't keep his eyes on
4.When the ocean is extremely polluted, the ball.
coral reefs die.
4.When the ocean is extremely
5.Since helium rises, polluted,
a helium balloon floats. coral reefs die.

5.Since helium rises,


a helium balloon floats.
V. Assignment
Advance reading on the topic Showing
Tactfulness When Communicating With Advance reading on the topic
Others. Showing Tactfulness When
Communicating With Others.

Goodbye children. Goodbye Ma’am Aslima. Thank


you for teaching us.

Prepared by:

ASLIMA B. KOTOTAN
Student Teacher

Submitted to:

MARY JOY S. JUAREZ


Cooperating Teacher ( 1st Shift)