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Application Description ECT RFT MFL IRIS Comments

material Generally, thin - ECT is the recommended
Condensers tubes made of brass, X choice for its speed and its
aluminum brass, accuracy.
cupronickel, or titanium.
Copper with low profile - ECT inspection with special
OD finsTypical problem probes to detect circumferential
Air Conditioners X
iscircumferential cracking cracks. These probes are
and wear in the land area. normally called AC probes.
- ECT is the recommended
Nonferromagnetic choice for its speed and
material Stainless steel, X X accuracy.- IRIS can sometimes
Cu/Ali be used to confirm the sizing of
ID defects.
- ECT is used only for thin tubes
(<1.6 mm) with saturation
Heat Mildly ferromagnetic
probes.- For thicker walls, it is
Exchangers material Duplex steel, X X X X
better to use RFT or MFL.- IRIS
SS439, Seacure, Monel
can sometimes be used to
confirm the sizing of defects.
Ferromagnetic material
- RFT, MFL, and IRIS are good,
Carbon steel, nickel.
X X X and most of the time
Typicaldefects are pitting
and corrosion.
- RFT is not effective because
Carbon steel tube
the fins disturb the remote field.-
withaluminum fins
MFL is quick and sensitive but
Air Coolers Typical defects are ID X X
does not allow sizing.- IRIS is
pitting and OD wear close
often used to back up MFL, but
to the water box.
has difficulty with OD flaws.
- RFT is good for wear detection
Carbon steel tube and can easily pass the bend.-
Typical defects are MFL is good only on straight
Boilers X X X
pitting, wear, and boiler tubes without swages.-
cracking at the tubesheet. IRIS is good for wear and pits but
has no sensitivity in the bend.
- RFT is the only effective
Carbon steel or cast
technique because it does not
iron pipes Typical
Buried Pipes X require cleaning, and it can easily
defects are pitting and
negotiate elbows. However,
general corrosion.
sensitivity to pitting is limited.